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NA. 1070-03 Farkinc & Shippina "Around the Corner or Around the World’’ Says Ed Carl: This year’s 5th annual Shrine - sponsored Circus combines the best of the biggest—the picked acts from Ringling-Bamum and Bailey, Cole Brothers, and other bie tents. 30 big acts ... 3 big rings ... 7 big days— APRIL 8-14 ULINE ARENA It'll be great—don't be late! COMPLIMENTS OF fc$CARL District 2775 ."Washingtons Little •Detroit" City-wide auto service Trans WorldAirune TO IRELAND PARIS GENEVA ROME ATHENS CAIRO COLUMBUS DAYTON CHICAGO Sw your Irovol agon! or tolophon* REPUBLIC 5400 i Pope Calls on Brazil And Argentina to Aid In Feeding Hungry Ry the Associated Press VATICAN CITY, April 5.—Pope Pius XII called on all nations, par ticularly Argentina and Brazil, yes terday to unite in feeding the fam ished lest hunger threaten the “sorely needed peace," and sug gested limited rationing “in the bet-; ter stocked countries" as one means of battling starvation. Declaring in a world broadcast that one-fourth of the world’s pop ulation faces "the sinister menace of hunger," the Pope urged the im porting of food to Europe until the next harvest, distribution of exist ing stocks, avoidance of all waste and use of all possible means of transportation and food distribution. Estimating that the food situa tion will be difficult for at least the next 16 months, he called especially on the rich granaries of Argentina, Brazil and other Latin American countries for aid. Praises, IT. S., Britain, Canada. The Pontiff, who conferred re cently with former President Herb ert Hoover during the latter’s fact finding tour of Europe, said that "in this great world offensive against famine the United States has generously taken the lead.” He praised Canada and Great Britain also for their efforts. ' He appealed to the "starving masses” to remain calm, and bit terly assailed operators of the black market and hoarders for "hatefully exploiting the misery of others.” In regard to rationing, the Pope said: "It is certain that a small, scarcely noticeable rationing in the better supplied countries would result in such saving of food as would afford other peoples, harder hit by famine, a marked relief in their more urgent needs. "For that reason we look trust fully to the states of Latin America. In the past the noble hearts of their citizens, our dearest sons and daugh ters, have been opened wide to every appeal of charity, to all great in terests of humanity." Argentina, Brazil Can Help. The Pope said Argentina and Brazil, “the granaries of the world,” are "in the happy position of being able to re-establish in large measure the shaken equilibrium by lending aid to their more needy brothers." “May the conviction penetrate everywhere that the present threat : of famine is a common danger which should draw together all the peoples in a brotherly solidarity and union such as leaves behind it all differ ences, all conflicts, all particular in terests.” The Pope declared that the hu man race "is threatened by famine,1 and famine, of itself is the cause | of incalculable unrest in the midst j of which the future peace, as yet i only ip germ, would run the risk of being suffocated before being1 born. "And yet how necessary is peace | for every people of this earth! In the face of this common peril there; is no room for thought of vendetta or reprisal, for lust of power or domination, nor for any desire of isolation or a victor’s privileges.” 1 Recalls War's Great Toll. Recalling the many who were claimed by death in the war. the Pope added: "It is time that we bar its j (death’s) way now that we see it! getting ready to spread incompar-; ably vaster carnage than that pro duced by the fire of arms. "We must not allow it to engrave on millions of tombs of innocent children the tragic words of ac cusation: ‘The little ones have asked for bread, and there was none to break it unto them.’ ” 9 Ships Dock Today With 7,110 Veterans By the Associated Press Five transports, carrying 2,331 service personnel, are scheduled to arrive today at two East Coast points, while 4,779 veterans are due to debark from four ships at San Francisco. Ships and units arriving: At New York—Hagerstown Victory from Bremerhaven, 975 troops, in cluding Regimental Headquarters, Service Company, Antitank Com pany. Cannon Company and Medical Detachment of 329th Infantry Regi ment; 3359th and 3360th Quarter master Truck Companies. Miscellaneous on following vessels: Adabelle Lykes from Casablanca. 1,333: Bret Harte from Antwerp, 11; Abraham Lincoln from Antwerp. 9. At Norfolk, Va.—Duncan Fletcher, three. At San Francisco—Miscellaneous on following: Thomas Jefferson from Pearl Harbor, 731 Navy, 42 Ma rines: Knight from Pearl Harbor, 50 Navy; Marine Robin from Yoko-, hama. 2.529 Army; Santa Monica from Subic Bay, 1,427 Navy. — Highway Conference Committees Named The naming of eight committees to study means of reducing acci dents on American highways and to make recommendations to that .nd to the President’s Highway Safety Conference, scheduled to meet here May 8. was announced today. The committee chairmen are: Dr. George Stoddard, president-elect, University of Illinois. Committee on Education; Arthur T. Vanderbilt,1 past president, American Bar As-1 sociation, Committee on Enforce-! ment; Gibb Gilchrist, president of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas. Committee on Engineering; former Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts, Committee on Laws and Ordinances: Roy Roberts, editor of the Kansas City Star, Committee on Motor Vehicle Administration; Dr. George Gallup, director of the American Institute of Public Opinion, Committee on Accident Records; William J. Scripps. Detroit News and Radio Station WWJ. Committee on Public) nformation. and Paul G. Hoffman, resident of the Studebaker Corp.. Committee on Organized Public Support. Psychologist to Lecture Two lectures will be given by L. W. Rogers, author and psychologist, at 8 o’clock tonight and tomorrow night at 1216 H street N.W., under aus pices of the Theosophical Society of Washington. Text of Pope's Broadcast Pontiff Calls on Latin American Countries To Come to Aid of World's Hungry By »h« Associated Press VATICAN CITY. April 5—The text o) Pope Pius' broadcast yes terday on the world jood situa tion: With our heart in the grip of deep anguish, we speed a ery of appeal today to the conscience of the world, to the sense of responsibility of the leaders in political and economic life, to the people's spirit of human sympathy and mutual charity; to all who have eyes to see and ears to hear, to all who are able to rise above conflicting opinions, to impose, silence on the rancor begotten by the war and have left their minds and hearts open to the holy voice of hu man brotherhood. And in particular we appeal to all those, who united with us in the Christian faiths and fed on the doc-; trine and the law of Christ, can see! in this appeal to their brotherly spirit the touchstone of a sincere and intense love of God. Poor hu manity, just emerged from the river of blood through which it passed in the years of war, is mounting in search of peace a path ever rougher, ever steeper, ever more beset with brambles. At its every step arise new hin drances and obstacles, the serious ness of which very few suspected in the first flush of hard-won victory.! While statesmen, in their delibera-' tions, often beset with difficulties, arc trying to lay the first founda-1 tions of political and economic re construction, and to remove or at least smooth out the inevitable dis crepancy of opinions and interests, lo, behind them rises the threaten ing specter of famine, as the experts bend over their statistics and the columns of figures slowly lengthen out under their eyes. They see forged on them the insistent and bitter certainty that the sinister shadow of famine rests on at least a quarter of the entire population of the globe. Difficulties Aggravated. over immense territories it threatens to reap whole multitudes unless timely remedies are brought to bear, and their number makes almost insignificant the undoubted ly impressive host of combatants and noncombatants struck down on all the fronts of the last war. Various unforeseen and unfore seeable circumstances have ag gravated the already formidable difficulties of provisioning: in East ern Europe insufficient cultivation, of the soil due to the war’s onrush and the subsequent forcible driving j away of a great part of the local population: bad wheat harvests ini Southern Europe and the lands j which border on it—poor harvests, especially of rice in Eastern and i Southeastern Asia and drought in South Africa. The consequences are becoming visibly clear. They are an increased and indispensable need of importations for Europe in these months before the coming harvest and an imperious necessity of aid for the populations of the other territories we have named which in normal times were self sufficient. Undoubtedly vast regions produce much more than is needed by their own populations. But not to speak of those which unhappily found themselves involved in the world conflagration and experienced war and postwar devastation, notable supplies, which had been accum ulated, were withdrawn from the public market during the conflict and used as fodder for animals or subjected to chemical-industrial processes. In any case, even with the pro visions still available, to tide things over till the next harvest will not be possible without grave difficulty and unless every available means is used. And even so, at the beginning of thei harvest practically nothing will re main in reserve. The difficult food situation, in consequence, will not be definitely solved even then: it may persist, which God forbid, until the fol lowing harvest. So there will be almost 16 months, during which the daily prayer which we send up to Our Father in Heaven, even in times of prosperity, will have to become more earnest and more fervent: Give us this day our daily bread. Question of Freeing Stocks. We doubt not that the peoples who in the prosecution of their war objectives showed such a great power of organization and such an heroic spirit of sacrifice, will give proof of the same qualities now that there is need t«snatch from death millions of human beings. It is a question of setting free what stocks jstill exist and then of building up! new ones, of hindering the waste of \ foodstuffs or their use for any other! immediate purpose than that of nourishing man, of avoiding incon siderate or unjustifiable cessation of j work, of setting apart adequate; transport facilities or taking the! necessary financial measures, of; ' seeking and using every possibility I of sowing. These are matters all of which re quire organizational ability and the spirit of sacrifice. Nonetheless, if organization, however expert and (strong were to be reduced to no more than an administrative policy, if the spirit of sacrifice, urged even to heroism, were not to be fired by an ideal higher than that of mere mili tary or national discipline; it would be little indeed. The human race is threatened by famine, and famine, of itself, is the cause of incalculable unrest in the midst of which the future peace, as |yet only in germ, would run the risk jof being suffocated before being born 'and yet how necessary is peace for every people of this earth! In the (face of this common peril there is no room for thoughts of vendetta or reprisal, for lust of power or domina tion, nor for any desire of isolation or of a victor’s privileges. That is | very well understood in North America. In this great world offensive against famine, the United States has generously taken the lead. It has placed at the service of this holy cause its gigantic power of produc tion. It has doubled efforts to in crease the surplus of foodstuffs, des tined for exportation. Canada, too, jas we know, is taking the same way jin its traditional liberality. For its part Great Britain, with timely fore thought, has convoked in its capital an international conference to dis cuss food problems and in the mean time has left in force wartime re strictions on the use of many eat ables. Looks to Latin America. It is certain that a small, scarcely noticeable rationing in the better supplied countries would result in such saving of food as would afford other peoples, harder hit by famine, a marked relief in their more urgent needs. For that reason we look trustfully to the states of Latin America. In the past the noble hearts of their citizens, our dearest sons and daughters, have been opened wide to every appeal of char ity, to all great interests of human ity. Divine providence has assigned them in our days a magnificent task: To be dispensers of its gifts. It is a task such as the patriarch Joseph had in the years of want when he ' was put in charge of the granaries of Egypt. In very truth the gran aries of the world, the Argentine and Brazil, on the eve of the calamities, saw their immense lands answer to their labor and their agiicultural methods with a fertility surpassing that of prewar years. They are, therefore, in the happy position of being able to re-estab lish in large measure the shaken equilibrium by lending aid to their more needy brothers. May the con viction penetrate everywhere that the present threat of famine is a common danger which should draw together all the peoples in brotherly 'solidarity and union such as leaves behind it all differences, all conflicts, all particular interests. What does it matter, at this mo ment. to know- where to lay the re sponsibilities or what share in them , falls to each one for the wrongs and fatal negligences? What does it matter to ascertain who is more or less worthy of help? Time to Hearken to Saviour. What is really urgent now is that , prompt and sufficient succor reach wherever need is making itself felt. Today more than ever it is time to hearken to the words of the Saviour: ‘As long as you did it to one of these my least brethren, you did it to me "—Matthew xxv.40. It is time to attend also the bitter reproach he makes to whoever for selfishness or indifference does not come to the aid of the neighbor in an obvious state of need. In effect these warnings show the grave responsibility before God of all those who because of their spe cial gifts or because of their position are summoned to ward off that dan ger in a directive or in an executive capacity by reason of their office or by their private effort. They show the grave responsibil ity before God of all who by their foresight and diligence and wise economic arrangements in the pro duction, transport and distribution Agents and Importers me. NIW YORK, N. Y. SAUSAIITO, CAUF. SAN FRANCISCO. CALIF. PEKIN, IU. WASHINGTON DISTRIBUTOR! MARVIN * SNEAD. tit O IT. N.W. r of lood have it in their power to alleviate the misfortunes of many. And those same warnings show the yet graver responsibility before God of those whose cruel selfish ness in accumulating and hiding provisions or in any other way shamefully exploit the misery of their neighbors, individuals or peo ples for their own personal profit or to enrich themselves by illicity speculation or vile form^ of trade. It would be fatal to think that the crisis can be overcome unless tranquillity and public order are maintained. Revolt Is a Delusion. It is necessary that all remain calm. History shows us only too often the disastrous results of that delusion which drives hungry mobs to revolt and pillage. That is like claiming to make the fields fruit ful by sowing sparks in the desolate! stretches of stubble. Woe to those who would will to start the fire by incitements to use less disturbances. Woe to those who stir it up by the sight of their scandalous luxury and by their ex travagance. Extravagance! Fathers and mothers of families: See to it that your children better appreciate the sacredness of bread and of the earth which gives it to us. Our age has forgotten it too much. From a decent simplicity of life it has slipped insensibly into seeking and satisfying unhealthy pleasures and fanciful needs. And, lo, God making scarcer his gift of bread has willed by this hard lesson to call it back to the straight path. May this lesson be taken in a docile spirit and lead to the establishment of a better economic and social order! During the war years death passed forward and backwards along the lines of battle and penetrated deep ly into each land, striking down innumerable victims among the combatants and the civilian popu lations. It is time that we bar its way now that W'e see it getting ready to spread incomparably vaster carnage than that produced by the fire of arms. We must not allow it to engrave on millions of tombs of in nocent children the tragic words of accusation: "The little ones have asked for bread, and there was none to break it unto them” (Lamenta tions, iv .4 >. Harken all of you individuals and peoples who have the means in one way or another to come to the aid of your brothers, hearken to the prophet's exhortation: "Deal thy bread to the hungry” (Isaiah, lviii.7). Christ Asks for Bread. But fix your gaze on the grand vision: It is not only the earth’s hungry who at this moment hold out to you their suppliant hands. Christ Himself asks you for the bread of which His poor are in want. Every mouthful of food which you give to them is given to Him. Every mouthful which you refused them is refused to Him. The day will come in which what many do not see even yet will be \ made manifest before the eyes of all, when the Supreme Judge will appear in the majesty of His justice to pronounce before all mankind1 His irrevocable sentence. Unhappy^ forever will they be on whose arms will resound the terrible condemna-j tion: “Depart from you, you cursed * * * for I was hungry, and you gave Me not to eat” (Matthew, xxv.41-42). But blessed forever those who will hear the divine words of infinite sweetness “Come, ye blessed of My Father * * * for I was hungry, and you gave me to eat * * • as you did it to one of these My least brethren, you did it to me” (Matthew, xxv.34-40i. Church Council Asks Amnesty for Objectors Spec»oI Dijpotch to The Star NEW YORK, April 5—The Fed eral Council of Churches of Christ in America last night asked Presi dent Truman for a proclamation of general amnesty for imprisoned con scientious objectors. “It is our earnest hope that such: steps may be taken as are required to release men who are imprisoned solely for the sake of conscientious convictions,” Bishop G. Bromley Ox nam. council president, said. "We also hope that there may be restored to them and other conscientious ob jectors who have completed their terms, full civil rights.” French 'Bluebeard' Condemned For Murder of More Than Score PEHOT DEFENSE PLEA IN VAIN—Dr. Marcel Petoit (left) lis tened with interest from the prisoner’s box yesterday as Rene Floriot (right), his lawyer, summed up the case for the defense in Petiot’s trial in Paris. —AP Wirephoto via Radio From Paris. By the Associated Press PARIS, April 5.—Dr. Marcel Petiot, accused of, operating a “Bluebeard” murder mill within the forbidding walls of his resi dence on the Rue le Sueur, was ! condemned to death last night after a three-week trial had ended in his conviction for more than a score of killings. The hollow-eyed little physician was shocked into silence when the verdict was read, but within a few minutes recovered sufficiently to shout to his brother Maurice in the crowded Palais de Justice: “I must be avenged.” Petiot, a legendary figure in Paris and described by the prosecution as “the monster of the Rue le Sueur," said he would appeal. After passing the death sentence, the court continued in session and early today awarded civil damages of 2,045.001 francs (about $17,000) to the families of Petiot's victims. The awards ranged from one to 880.000 francs. The 55-year-old physician. In whose home police found the re mains of a number of expertly dis membered bodies, had maintained he was a leader in the resistance movement and that all of those Anderson Names Shields To Succeed Hutson By the As>ocioted Pres* Secretary Anderson yesterday an nounced the appointment of Robert H. Shields as both administrator of the Agriculture Department's Pro duction and Marketing Administra tion and president of its Commodity Credit Corp. Mr. Shields, who has been the de partment’s solicitor succeeds J. B. Hutson, who left these posts, as well as that of Undersecretary, to become a deputy secretary-general of the United Nations. N. E Dodd, veteran AAA official, has been nominated as Undersecre tary. Mr. Anderson also appointed Jesse B. Gilmer as deputy PMA adminis trator and vice president of the CCC. succeeding Gayle G. Armstrong. New Mexico businessman and rancher. Mr. Armstrong will remain as a spe cial assistant to Secretary Anderson. Mr. Shields is a native of Wymore, Nebr, and Mr. Gilmer of Rock Springs, Tex. _ ADVERTISEMENT. It's Nice . . . to be nice When you notice little telltale odors, jpromutly use Key s Powder (hygienic) —two teaspoonfuls to two quarts of warm water. 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ALBUM oi BALLADS by George Edwards Richard Dyer-Benneii Josh While Eithne Golden Aino Karelia Adolf Stark SONGS by WOODY GUTHRIE SONGS by LEAD BELLY FOLK SONGS by JOSH WHITE Complete Library of Classical and Populr Records Complete Phono-Radio and Electronic Service VISIT OUR NEW SELF SELECTION SALON 'DidC Skafc 1619 CONNECTICUT AVENUE Phone Hobart 5549 BROWSING HOURS 11 A.M. TIL 10 P.M. killed were collaborators and "Ges tapo decoys.” The prosecution charged he op-' erated a murder-for-profit scheme, collecting money from at least 27 victims whom he promised to smuggle out of Nazi-occupied France. The verdict was returned shortly before midnight by a secret vote of 12 jurors and three judges who de liberated two hours and 25 minutes. Defense Attorney Rene Floriot said the appeal might be based on "certain indiscreet remarks of the jurors.’’ A reporter had quoted two jurors and the presiding judge as having described Petiot on the sec ond day of the trial as a- "monster,” "demon" and “murderer.” Floriot's six-hour plea to the jury was applauded even by the victims’ families and was described by the French press as “the greatest de fense summation in French criminal history.” “To be sure, the defendant was not normal in the sense of people like us,” Floriot cried. “He imag ined a whole resistance group around him which he commanded.” Prosecutor Pierre Dupin demand ed that Petiot “be sent to join his .victims.” Called on to make a statement before the judges and jurors retired to consider a verdict, Petiot said: . “I wanted to speak but I am un able. You are French and you know I have liquidated Gestapo members. You know what to do.” JUNK— WANTED 60‘ 85 100 lbs. 100 lb«. 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