Newspaper Page Text
Raymdnd J. Lutes,
Figure in Klondike Rush, Dies Here A colorful figure of the Alaskan gold rush oays died here yesterday at the age ol 75, He was Raymond Joseph Lutes, who for the last 15 years had made his home with his daughter and son in-law. Mr and Mrs. John M. Wa ters. in Wesley Heights and more recently at 1701 Sixteenth street N.W. He died at a nursing home after an illness of several months. The son of Capt. Hiram Lutes, one of the early captains on the Great Lakes, Mr. Lutes was born in Du luth, Minn., on the day the city was granted its charter. It had been a trading post for several years Joined Klondike Rush. In 1897 Mr. Lutes left the Great; Lakes region where he was reared! and joined the trek to the Klondike! gold fields. He was among the first! to make the dangerous journey! through the Chilkoot Pass, later! known as the Trail of ’98 He made the hazardous trip up the steep j trail, with pack mules Carrying not; only food, but nails and tools to bmid boats at Lake Bennet in which; to shoot the White Horse Rapids; and go down the Yukon to the Klon-1 dike gold region Mr Lutes’ companions in the gold country Included Robert W Service and Sam Magee, hero of the ballad by Mr. Service Mrs. Waters said her father was one of the lucky ones. He struck; gold at Bonanza Creek and in the; spring of '98 was joined by his wife ana two children. His wife died sev eral years ago and his other child, Raymond J. Lutes, jr„ was killed in France during World War I. Made Laundry Machinery. About 1900" Mr. Lutes sold his claim and the family returned to Minnesota, where Mr. Lutes became a manufacturer of laundry ma chinery. He revisited the old gold fields in 1938, but instead of making the trip through Chilkoot Pass, reached! the Klondike by railroad One of the high lights of his return was * chance reunion with Sam Magee, who also was making a last visit to the country He died the next year. Funeral services for Mr. Lutes will be private. The body is at the Birch funeral home, 3034 M street N w. Guard 'Continued From First Page s hceman. was attached, said selection j of the night man for jail assign-1 ment wfas a "routine duty” of the sergeant Asked if he is now supervising all assignments to the District Jail from his precinct, Capt Pearce re sponded with a smile, "What do you think?” Capt Kuehling sought to assume full responsibility for the assign ment of Pvt Davis to the District! Jail After examining his records; since December, Capt. Kuehling re-! ported: Source of Assignment Unknown. Pvt. Davis was first assigned to the jail on January 8. when the as signment was maae either bv a lieu tenant or by an acting sergeant, neither one of whom specifically re members assigning Pvt. Davis. The January assignment came less than three weeks after Pvt Davis ap peared before the Police Trial Board on charges of being absent without leave, disobeying orders and disre-' spect to his superiors He was fined *50 Pvt Davis was assigned again to the jail on January 27. On this occasion the assignment was made either by an acting lieutenant or an anting corporal He went back to the jail assign ment on March 11 and 12 Capt.j Kuehling remembers that he made out the jail assignments for an en-i tire week that time and wras per sonally responsible for Pvt. Davis'j assignment. Thereafter Pvt. Davis asked Capt.| Kuehling if he could be assigned! on a more permanent basis to the jail. He explained that the mid night-to-8 a.m duty gave him an opportunity to work in his flower garden during the day. Detail Renewed Weekly. On March 16 Capt. Kuehhng as signed Pvt. Davis to the jail for an entire week and subsequently re newed the assignment each week. Cap! Kuhling explained that he had acceded to Pvt. Davis' request because ' even though he had been in trouble, he had improved, he was a man who didn't drink, he was •steady and appeared to be interested In his work." Capt Kuehhng said he believed too much stress is being put on Pvt. Davis' record of disciplinary actions. "I sent him before the board once! myself." he pointed out, '‘but I talked with Davis after he went be fore the board and I really felt he was doing better He showed more seriousness on the job I had no reason to believe he wasn't perform ing 100 per cent. If I had ever had a single complaint, I would have taken him off that assignment.” If they're stressing records, what about Sanderlin?" asked Capt. Kuehling "He had no record at all. and it seems to me he was even more to blame. He was the outside man, and he had the keys." Nicewander Receives Term in Tennessee Paul ’ Albert Nicewander. who Escaped from the District Jail last November 24. has been sentenced by Criminal Court Judge J Fred Bibb of Knoxville. Tenn., to two concur rent terms of from five to seven and a half years in the Tennessee State Penitentiary, the Associated Press reported. Nicewarider, who, when under ar rest here, used the alias of James Robert Harding, wras picked up by FBI agents in Knoxville about three weeks after his escape. He was charged before the Ten nessee court with twTo robberies of the Knoxville Savings and Loan Association—$326 on July 23, 1945, and $777 on December 14, 1945, after his escape from the District Jail Hal Clements, jr. Knox County attorney general, was quoted by the Associated Press as saying that Nicewander will have to serve Fed eral sentences totaling 14 years after completing his term in the Tennes see prison Circulation. March 1946 <Average net paid! The Evening Star_215,792 The Sunday Star. .... ... 230.738 <86 5" IB Cl tv and Trading Area' t KE^ FIGURES IN JAIL INQUIRY—Ray L. Huff, director of public welfare, is shown (left) | testifying before the House subcommittee investigating the District Jail, Fred S Kogod, mem- : bei of the Institutions Committee of the Welfare Board (right*, is pictured giving his account of j the administration of District prisons. _Star Staff Photos, j Jail Probe 'Continued From First Page.) not discipline prisoners unless they could put them in the basement,” he said. Mr. Gill testified that, accord ing to the confidential memorandum to which he had referred, McGlynn had been rewarded for his favors to members of Engineers Group, Inc., by tickets and expenses to the Baer-Louis and the Conn-Louis fights in New York. "Do you mean to say that at| oresent there is a condition of in-1 subordination in the jail, with a small clique and not the superin-, :endent running it ?” pressed Repre sentative Combs, Democrat , of Texas. "There is no question about it,” Mr. Gill replied. Identifies Two Others. In addition to Mi-. Sweeney and Mr Murphv, whom Mr. Gill identi tieri as captains of the guard. Mr. Sill named De Vore and Kidw-ell as nembers of the clique He did not recall the initials of any of these men, but said they all held im portant positions in the jail. , (Thomas R Sard, chief clerk and assistant superintendent at the District jail, told The Star today that Edward F. McGlynn. then chief clerk, was "separated” from the jail in July, 1943. bv action of the Commissioners fol lowing an investigation. He said Benjamin E. Sweeney and James B Murphy, captains of the guard, were employed at the 'ail in the summer of 1941 and Still are employed there The same was true, he said, of James E. De Vore. cellblock guard, and Charles F Kidwell, receiving and discharge officer.) Mr Gill said he did not charge\ that, Murphy. Sweeney. De Vore and! Kidwell w-ere guilty of any fraudu lent practices, although he said they: had been willing to do the bidding of Deputy Supt McGlynn "I don't say the present clique is venal or dishonest.” Mr Gill em phasized. adding that he did charge that they dominated the jail super intendent and ran the place to suit themselves Cites Trial Testimony. Mr Gill said the memorandum describing the McGlynn episodes had been substantiated, in part, at testi mony at the trial of officers of En gineers’ Group. Inc. although there had been little mention of the Dis trict Jail in that trial, He added that the memorandum w-as signed in July, 1944, by a convict at the Lewisburg (Pa i Federal Peniten tiary. The Federal Bureau of Prisons, the FBI and even some local news papers knew about the assertions which the convict had made. Mr. Gill told the committee, but for some reason every one was afraid to bring these charges into the open. Even yesterday.” Mr Gill added. "Mr Huff testified here that there had been no serious difficulties with personnel while he was in office.’ Mr Combs wanted to know how far the statements of the convict had been corroborated "This man." Mr. Gill replied, 'was an informant for the Truman Com mittee and, allowing for gossip and prejudices, most that he said was proved true.” Offered as Evidence. Some of the prisoner's statements. Mr. Gill added, had been offered as evidence in the trial of Representa tive Curley and the other defendants in the Engineers Group case The Truman Committee to which the witness referred was headed by the President when he was a Sena tor from Missouri and investigated war contracts. Mr. Gill emphasized that he knew nothing of any jail clique during his 17 months as suoerintendent of penal institutions The information all came to him after he was sus pended. he explained. Shortly after his suspension. Mr. Gill testified, he learned that Capt. Murphy had called a midnight meeting at his home of certain jail officials who were close friends of his. They signed a petition. Mr. Gill said, requesting that Mr. Gill be fired from his position and not reinstated. ' Had you had any trouble with Murphy?” Mr Combs asked "No Trouble at All.” None at all. Mr Gill replied, ex cept that he lectured Capt. Murphy after the episode of Medley's pack age. "Then why did he want to get rid of you?” Mr. Combs pressed, "I don't know.” Mr Gill said, "unless it was his own guilty con science. They must have felt that they couldn’t get along with me.” Shortly after noon the commit tee recessed until 2 p.m. Early in his testimony today, Mr. Gill said conditions at Lorton Re formatory are “just as bad as the disgraceful conditions at the District Jail.” i Mr Gill declared that officers at1 Lorton are sitting on a "keg of pow der. All the conditions are present for it to blow up.” Mr Gill charged that he had been unable to get appropriations to cor- j rect dangerous physical defects at j either Lorton or the District Jail | Mr. Huff gave him specific instruc-: tions not to discuss his problems' with the District Commissioners, he' reported. He added a District rule1 . IIIIIMM———— | Howard B Gill, suspended superintendent, of penal insti- i tutions, as he testified today before the House subcommittee investigating conditions at the District Jail. - Star Staff Photo, j prevents the discussion before Con gress by welfare employes of matters not in the budget. 'These two facts kept the penal superintendent absolutely out of touch with the men responsible for action.'’ he commented "Tire money is what counts. The only people who could give it to me were the Commissioners." On the green cloth of the com mittee's table Mr Gill dumped a bag of heavy metal he found in a search at the jail following the es cape of five prisoners on November 24 He reported finding enough junk in the attic to arm at least. 75 men for a mass jail break two weeks after eight jail employes had con ducted their owti search Suspended for Disciplining. Chairman Hebert asked Mr Gill if any disciplinary action was taken against the guards for their poor "shakedown." "I was suspended for threatening to suspend them." Mr Gill shouted. He explained that he called the staff officers together December 5 and told them that they ran a. poor jail, but was himself suspended Decem ber 6 and no action has been taken against them The District prisons, leading the United States in 1916, have fallen steadily behind the procession, he remarked. They could be the mode! for the United States, as the Federal Bureau of Prisons is the "model for the world," Mr Gill said. He was expected to recommend that the penal system be turned over to the Federal Bureau of Prisons before he concluded his testimony. Lacks Industries Program. One reason why the Nation's best penologists avoid service in the Dis trict. he declared, is that the penal system has no prison industries program and no vocational training for prisoners The District Parole Board repeatedly has requested it. and the Commissioners could have included it in their budget, he said. The Board of Public Welfare was willing, he added in answer to a question. Mr. Gill complained, however, that when he asked the city heads for a prison industry program to keep the inmates constructively occupied “a high District official" told him that, the Federal Bureau of Prisons “included a bunch of pantywaists.' Mr. Gill has blamed the Welfare Board for “intolerable'’ conditions in the penal institutions, and has told an inquiry board hearing charges filed against him by the Welfare Board that a committee of laymen canot run a penal system Houses Dangerous Cases. Lorton Reformatory, he recalled, was established as a wall-less insti tution for hopeful cases. Since then, however, dangerous cases belonging in a maximum-security institution have been housed there, he noted. Mr. Gill pointed out that a prison section of the reformatory, on which construction began years ago, never has been completed In answer to criticism made yes terday of appointments by the United States Civil Service Com mission. Mr Gill said that one of the finest things Mr. Huff did for the jail was to put it under civil service in 1941. Representative Simpson. Repub lican, of Illinois wanted to know how the accumulation of metal junk which Mr Gill had described as ac cumulated in the jail attic had escaped the war salvage drives Mr. Gill said he didn't know, but he did know that some of the Jail employes knew the junk was there, because they told him so Rebuked Captain of Guard, Mr Gill described how on last December 4 he learned that a Metropolitan policeman on duty In the death house had allowed a police sergeant, who was not on duty, to I hand an uninspected package to Joseph Medlev, convicted slayer, who last, week escaped with Earl MeFar-' land, another condemned murderer. Medley was recaptured. When he upbraided the policeman. Mr. Gill said, the officer replied that the sergeant was his superior officer. Mr. Gill said he then relieved the policeman from duty and notified the late Col. Edward J. Kelly, then superintendent, of police. While the package turned out, to contain no contraband Mr. Gill said he thought the practice was ex tremely dangerous and he gave the captain of the guard, a man of 19 years' experience, a dressing down Jail instructions were violated when the sergeant who was ofT duty was allowed in the death cell with Medley. Mr. Gill said, adding: "If , instructions had been followed on April 2. those young policemen wouldn't have been playing cards with Medley and McFarland," Tells of Shakedown. On December 3. a few days be fore he was suspended, Mr. Gill re lated. he called in the Metropolitan police to make a thorough shake down of the jail They found very little contraband, he said. One dis covery was some pieces of a hack saw blade which a prisoner had placed in his hat band Mr. Gill ex plained this prisoner had been transferred from Lorton. a prison without cells, where he had been al lowed to use the saw’ in his "hobby work." Apparently. Mr Gill explamed. 1 the prisoner had carried the saw’ away with him, and then, instead of turning it in. had broken up the blade. was sawing bars ms nobby?' asked Representative Simpson There was laughter. Asked by Mr. Hebert if he knew there were no bars on the ventilator outside the death house which Med ley and McFarland used to escape. Mr. Gill said he did not. While he was in direct supervision over the jail, he added, there were no pris oners In the death house. The House subcommittee proceed - jed swiftly during the. opening day [of the probe yesterday, hearing the [corporation counsel, the three Com i missioners, three members of the j Welfare Board and, as a final wit ness, Mr. Huff. The welfare, director accepted re sponsibility for the lack of bars over the ventilator outside the deathhou.se, through which Medley and McFar I land escaped last week. He was, !he explained, penal superintendent when the jail was remodeled in 1941 Takes Blame on Bars. "I should have seen that bars were placed across the ventilator,” he said ‘But w:e planned to keep condemned persons in the cellblock.” Mr. Huff said he preferred keeping condemned prisoners in the cell blocks because sometimes they stayed there as long as two or three years and the cellblocks "do not have the depressing effect of long isolation in a death cell.” Mr Huff said he recommended Mr. Gill's dismissal previous to the action now pending against him. Mr. Huff said his reason was entirely administrative, because of Mr. Gill's [refusal to “justify" his jail budget [ after being ordered to do so. Asked if he agreed with Edgar ; Morris, welfare board chairman, that the Federal Bureau of Prisons should take over the administration of District penal institutions, Mr Huff said he was not prepared to' indorse this transfer or to oppose it. “If the Federal Bureau of Prisons did operate the District prisons.” he said “they’d be well operated " He added; "But a lot of people Mrs. Bessie Collier, General Manager 01 Collier Inn, Dies Mrs Bessie Garland Collier, 69, wife of Maj. Lute E. Collier, U S A., retired, and vice president and gen eral manager of the Collier Inn since 1921, died suddenly early to-: day at her home. 1807 Biltmore street N.W She had been a resi dent of Washington for many years. Mrs. Collier was nationally prom inent in the restaurant industry and haa been active in affairs of the| National Restaurant Association. She was co-founder, with her hus band. of the Collier Inn, which for merly was located in the Eighteenth street and Columbia road area, but which was moved several years ago to Silver Spring, Md. She was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution Born in Harrisonburg, Va.. April 29, 1876, Mrs Collier was the daugh ter of the late William Harding Garland and Sarah R Garland,; both of Albemarle County, Va. She was educated in the public schools of Virginia and later was a teacher in a private school at Chantilly, Va. She was married to May Collier on April 12, 1895. The couple celebrated their golden wedding anniversary; last year at a family get-together. Surviving her in addition to her; husband are a son, Emmett Gar land Collier. Silver Spring: a daugh ter. Mrs Anna Ruth Collier. New, York; two sisters, Miss Anna E.j Garland and Mrs. Hattie G. Igle-; hart, both of Mount. Rainier, Md and four grandchildren. The funeral will be held from the home Thursday at an hour to be announced. The body will lie at the Hines funeral home, 2901 Four teenth street N.W. The Rev. Mark Shocke.v. pastor of the B. T. Roberts Memorial Free Methodist Church, will officiate at the services. Burial will be in Ar lington Cemetery. U. N. ■ Continued From First Page * bers. The Council is meeting for the express purpo.se of considering a report, of a committee of experts on 23 rules of procedure Edward R Stettinius. 11 Ameri can delegate on the Council, will present this Government's argu ments on the demand when It does come up. on the basts of instruc-1 tions from Secretary Byrnes Mr Bvrnes told his news coher ence in Washington yesterday that he saw no reason for reopening the matter at this time, pointing outj that, the Council had decided lasT week to keep the Iranian case on the agenda until May 6, deferring | any action until then He said, however, the American attitude toward thp Russian demand would depend on the question actually presented for Council consideration Britain Concurs in View. Britain is understood to concur with he American view, holding that the Council is entitled to have a report on the execution of the Soviet pledge to evacuate all Red Army troops from Iran by May 6. Dr. Leao Velloso. Brazils repre sentative on the Council, has indi cated he would support a proposal to eliminate the Iranian rase from the Council agenda should the Iran ian government ask that it be dropped. He made it clear, however that it was entirely up to Iran, rather than Russia, to request that the case be dropped, since the original com plaint was filed by Iran Dr Osear Lange of Poland, w'ho has received instructions from his government, to urge the Council to seek a severance by U. N members of diplomatic relations with Franco Spam, sent a letter to Secretary General Trygve today saying he will wait a few days before bringing the matter to the attention of the Council Presumably he is doing so in order to give right, of way to the Russian demand for dropping the Iranian case. Poland plays close to Russia in these diplomatic ma neuvers. One of the rules of procedure, which the council will act on today, requires a three-day notice of in tention to bring a matter before the Council—unless it is a matter of urgency. If this rule is followed it may have the effect of putting tne Russian demand off until Thursday or Friday. On Friday, the anniversary of President Roosevelt's death. Hie Council members are scheduled to visit Hyde Park. The Iranian case, therefore, mav go over until next week unless Mr Gromyko insists oil taking It up today or tomorrow Dr. Milton J. Rosenau Dies CHAPEL HILL, N C April 3 J5' —Dr Milton J. Rosenau, 77. dean of the University of North Carolina school of public health and former dean of the Harvard school of pub lic health, died at his home here today after an illness of several weeks. He was elected president of the American Public Health Asso ciation in 1944 think the District should run its own affairs." Representative Combs asked whether Mr. Huff thought, the Civil Servic” Commission was qualified to select all the personnel of the pris ons, including the superintendents and other chief executives. It does slow down the placing of employes considerably. Mr Huff ad mitted He explained, however, that recently, especially during the war emergency, the board had chosen its prison officials and then had them approved by the commission In ordinary circumstances, he conceded, the board must accept one of the three names sent by Civil Service— or show reason why. Mr. Hebert brought, out that, to hire or fire any employe from a guard to a janitor, the name must be submitted to the District Com missioners. who must act as a body, and it must then be cleared with the Civil Service Commission. “And Congress wrote that kind of! law?” asked Mr. Hebert. "Yes.” answered Mr. Hull 14 Prisoners Employed. Mr. Huff was questioned about the use of jail inmates in the prison offices. At the District Jail, he guessed, there were approximately 14 prisoners so employed. "Do they have access to confiden tial files?” Mr. Hebert asked. Mr. Huff said they did. Fred S. Kogod. member of the welfare board and if its Institutions Committee, blamed divided author ity largely for the jailbreak last week and the earlier ones last fall. He did not agree that it neces sarily would improve conditions to place the prisoners under control of the Federal Bureau of Prisons, He contended that the welfare board was a suitable administrative agency "It is responsive to the wishes of the citizens,” he pointed out. Nursemaid fo Remain Here For Kidnaping Case Appeal Miss Rosemary Johnson, 19-year old nursemaid, charged in North' Carolina with kidnaping the 4-year old daughter of a Charlotte physi cian, will remain in the District un til the United States Court of Ap peals here disposes of her case. This was assured, opposing coun sel said, after Justice Jennings Bailey in District Court today de nied Miss Johnson a habeas Corpus writ. He gave Miss Johnson per mission to file a petition for the writ \ without prepayment of costs. The nursemaid will remain in the custody of the United States mar shal. Her lawyer, James J. Laugh lin, announced an appeal to the higher court. Both Mr. Laughlin and Assistant United States Attorney John C. Conliff, jr„ who represented the government, agreed that under the United States Court of Appeals rule. Miss Johnson cannot be removed from the District to North Carolina, although Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws earlier in the day had signed extradition papers. CAB to Seek Authority j Over Transocean Rates By th« Associated Pr«jj Congress was told today the Civil Aeronautics Board Is going to ask again for authority over interna tional rates for commercial air traffic. The subject was discussed in hearings published as the 1947 Com merce Department appropriation bill was reported to the House. Appearing before the House Ap propriations Committee, Chairman L Welch Pogue of the CAB de scribed the new Anglo-American aviation agreement which provides for review by both governments of rates agreed to by air line opera tors. Any disagreement over rates. Mr. Pogue explained, must now be set tled in negotiation between the aeronautical authorities of the two countries involved. However, the CAB does not yet have any authority over rates $12,500 Fund Sought For Court's Repainting The United States Court of Ap peals for the District will be com pletely repainted for the first time since 1937 if Congress grants a $12,500 appropriation for repairs recommended today in a report of a House appropriations subcommit tee The appropriation also would pro vide for cleaning the ducts of the buildings air-conditioning system, which has been in operation since 1937. Cost of painting the build ing's 41 rooms and corridors was estimated at *6.800, while the ex pense of repainting exterior wood work was placed at $1,000 75 SS Men Face Trial May 2 for Massacre Asiocta',8 Pr»»t DACHAU. Germany, April 9—A? least 75 German SS troopers will go on trial May 2 at Dachau for the massacre of more than 100 captured American soldiers at Malmedv. Bel gium. during the Battle of the Bulge, the United States Armv War Crimes Branch announced today. Six ex-soldier survivors of the massacre have been brought back from the United States to testify. Appropriations 'Continued Prom First Paget ern Hemisphere, the committee said it was "in accord with the philos ophy of the program," but "is not in full accord * * ■ as to the approach that, should be made to attain" greater understanding between the peoples of the world Specifically, the committee said, it is "not satisfied" with the types of books proposed to be distributed or already distributed, and feels that many of them "border on ldealogies and philosophies which never have been considered a part of American life." The committee recommended dis-! continuance of the department's1 magazine "America." currently cir culated in Russia, commenting that the magazine is not reaching the right, people in Russia. In explaining its rejection of the entire $4,150,326 fund requested for the department's new intelligence program, the committee said all the' proposed functions "can and should be performed by the established units of the department." In the section of its report deal ing with the Commerce Department the committee publicly expressed to Secretary Henry Wallace ‘Its disap proval of the practice of some <Com merce Department! bureaus of solic iting letters from business to mem bers of Congress indorsing or urging requests for appropriations." The committee lopped $5,350,000 from the Census Bureau's budget, but, allowed $10,000,000 for the new census of business and $5,000,000 for a new census of manufacturers It also pared $11,000,000 from the’ Civil Aeronautics Administration fund for establishment and mainte-i nance of air navigation aids, saying the CAA should consider placing the! aviation industry "more on its own."; Services Called “Superfluous." In shaidng $5,820,000 from the budget of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce the committee said manv of the proposed aids to business "are superfluous and many I of the proposed services reach too deeply into the problems of individ ual management.” For the Department, of Justice, the committee recommended only $1,602,800 below budget estimates. It approved in full the $28,700,000: estimate for the Federal Bureau of. Investigation and promised the FBIj additional money “if a crime wave,! concerning which Director Hoover1 is most apprehensive, develops to such proportions” that more funds arc needed. MMBpif [JJj LOANS on DIAMONDS, WATCHES, JEW ELRY and other article! of value. Ett. 1896 LOUIS ABRAHAMS 3225 Rhode liland A»*. N.l, WArfleM 3406 Dr. Hiller Will Head New Division at VA Techniques used during the war to select secret agents for the Office of Strategic Services will be adapted to the peacetime use of Helping veterans threatened with mental crack-ups, the Veterans’ Adminis tration said today in announcing the appointment of Dr James G Miller to be chief of VA’s new division of clinical psychology. Dr. Miller, 29-year-old physician assigned during the war to the OSS personality assessment board, will direct the work of about 600 psycho logists who will be assigned to VA hospitals and mental hygiene clinics. During the war, Dr. Miller ex plained, candidates for special OSS assignments were put in difficult situations to see how alert, self possessed or quick-tempered they were. In VA s adaptation of these tests, a man may be asked to reconstruct a situation, such as an interview with his employer or an incident with his family. If a patient shows unusual reactions to these tests, it was explained, the psychologists will help him learn to react, more nor mally. This treatment is expected: to be used among veterans suffering from "battle fatigue” and unable to adjust themselves to the routine of every day life. Dr. Miller holds four degrees from Harvard University. As a captain in the Army Medical Corps, he, served with the OSS for 19 months' both here and in the European theater. Pearl Harbor 'Continued From First Paget Mr. Roosevelt a message, which be gan: "Therp are indications, from many drifting straws, that the Jap anese mean to make war on us, or to do something which would compel us to make war on them, during the next, few weeks or months ' Feared for Oil Fields. After expressing concern that the Japs would first seize oil fields in the Dutch East Indies, as a step toward a later attack on Singapore, the then British Prime Minister concluded his message: "There are some who consider that m Japan's present mood she would have no hesitation to entertain an attempt to make war against both your country and mine. Although it is my personal belief that the odds are definitely against such an event, one cannot tell. Whatever you are able to do to instill in Japan anxiety as to a double war may succeed in averting this danger. Nevertheless, should we alone be attacked, it would be difficult to overstate the grave character of the consequences." Followup Memorandum. A week later, while Mr. Roosevelt was at his Hyde Park home on Washington's Birthday, the State Department forwarded to him this follow-up memorandum from Mr. Churchill, who was described by his code name, "the Former Naval Person”: "Have received better news con cerning Japan It seems Jap For eign Minister is shortly going to Moscow, Berlin and Rome for the purpose of covering the failure of action against us. The fear of the United States appears to have post poned attack, which seemed im minent. While completely under standing your situation pending enactment of bill on which our hopes depend the more these fears can be aroused the better." The bill referred to presumably was the lease-lend measure, which at that time had passed the Hous but was still being debated in the Senate It had become a law about a month later Library of Congress To Get Maugham Script W Someset Maugham will pre sent the original manuscript of "Of Human Bondage” to the Library of Congress, Dr. Luther H. Evans, li brarian of Congress, announced to day. Dr. Evans said Mr. Maugham, who is expected to present the man uscript in person some time this month, said the gift is in token of Anglo-American friendship "Of Human Bondage” is generally regarded as the English author's major work. It was begun in 1911 and completed in 1914, publication being made the following year. The novel was immediately hailed as a masterpiece and has continued to sell thousands of copies every year Most Sausage Prices Rise Average of lie Thursday By tk# AiiocioteH Retail ceiling prices for about ^ per cent of all sausage products will be increased 1 or 2 cents a pound, effective Thursday. Announcing this yesterday, OPA said the changes will raise genera) prices for such products an average of l'i cents a pound The price boost results from a Ifl cents an hour wage increase recently granted to packing house workers Higher prices for veal, lamb and mutton go into effect today, while beef and pork prices were raised a week ago. The sausage price increases apply to such products as bologna, braun schweiger, frankfurters and break fast pork sausages. Danes Unable to Export Warehouses Full of Meal By tn« A'-vociated P'esi COPENHAGEN, April 9 —While famine threatens many parts of the world, Denmark's cold storage ware houses are filled with meat she is unable to export. Jacob Tvedegaard, chairman of the Danish agriculture ministry s cattle meat committee, said today Mr. Tvedegaard characterized th» situation as "sheer madness.1' "The Danish foreign office and various agricultural organizations are doing everything to make it possible to sell the meat surplus, but with no luck," he declared. "Several European countries would like to buy, but according to the UNRRA’s allocation lists they are not able or allowed to do so ” He asserted that Danish repre sentatives at a food congress now being held in Switzerland will make a new attempt to obtain UNRRA permission to sell surplus meat, to the European countries concerned. AMSTERDAM April 9 MPi. — Her ben Hoover came to Holland todav on his European food survey. Mr. Hoover is io return to Biussels later today and fly to Copenhagen tr> moi row. Socialist Victory Reported in Milan By t'-p Associated pfes» ROME. April 9.—Ansa, Italian news agency, said today the Social ists won Milan in Sunday's election by almost 60.000 votes, with thp rightist Chrsitian Democratic partv running second and the Commu nists third. Ansa said that with 29 ward: still to report the Socialists had 220,534 votes to 163.486 for the Christian Democrats and 157.343 for the Communists. Leftist parties also gained an edge in other municipal elections held in 1.186 communes, winning 45 towns to 37 for right and center parties in early returns. Gianbattista Giaquinto, a Com munist, was reported to have been elected the new mayor of Venice by the Communal Council, electee two weeks ago Jewish Orphans Leave Reich for Palestine By Associated p'e*» HAMBURG. April 9—The fin group of Jewish orphans from Naz. concentration camps to receive im migration permits for Palestine lef> Hamburg for the Middle East tods: The group was composed of 115 children, from 6 to 16 years old, who were liberated from Belsen concen tration camp a vear ago Their parents were killed in various Nazi execution ramps. IM MEDIA TE DELI EERY! New HUNTINGTON Spinet and Console PIANOS We hav* just received a number of these excellent pianos, that we con deliver immediately They are beautifully styled instruments with a full, rich tone, and ore built to give you years of fine service Their compact proportions are ideal to fit into ony room. Very reasonably priced for quality instru ments. W e also have a few brand new LESTER PIANOS for Immediate Delivery Phone NAtiona! 3223 JORDAN'S 1015 Seventh Street N.W.