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In Reich Complicated By Lack of Fertilizer (Paul Bellamy, editor of the Cleveland Plain Dealer and a past president of the American Society of Newspaper Editors, has just returned from a trip to Ger many, Austria, Italy and England as one of a party of American newspapermen. This is another of a series of articles on his ob servations.) By Paul Bellamy North American Newspaper Alliance CLEVELAND. May 20.—The Ger man agricultural problem is compli cated by the lack of fertilizer During the war years all the chemical plants in operation were making munitions of war and no fertilizers were manufactured. When you remember that most of the fields in our zone in Germany have been tilled for 2,000 years and nearly all of them for 1,000 and that the soil is thin at best, it becomes evident that no crop yield worthy of the name will be enjoyed unless there is ample use of fertilizer. Every scrap of manure is used, but this has had to be supplemented for many years by the generous use of artificial fertilizer. Nitrates can be manufactured in Germany and were before the war in a large amount. But phosphate had to be imported. r rench Control Phosphates It has been impossible to import phosphates, which come to Ger many mostly from North Africa. There is no money to pay for them in the first place and the French, who control most of them, are not inclined to be very generous when it comes to nourishing German fields. Agriculture in Germany is primi tive compared to our standards. In many miles of automobile travel past the smiling Bavarian, Wurtem berg, Baden and Hesse landscapes one fails to see a single tractor. The work is done mostly by oxen or an occasional bony horse. Time seems to be what the German peasant has the most of and the oxen are fast enough for him. In the breakup of Germany into four parts the bread basket of Germany went to Russia and it is believed that the Russians have more food for their German wards than do the other three powers. The ration in Britain’s part of Germany is very low. The French ration is probably worse. Americans Do Best Job. The Americans, who not only have food but have kind hearts, are doing the best by their German population of any of the four oc cupying powers, unless it be Russia, concerning which, as I have said, nobody knows. But the Russians, although having food, are not in clined to be over generous with their beaten enemies. So I think it is safe to say that the Americans have done the best job on food, but it is none too good. At one of the many American headquarters we visited in Germany we were served for lunch a German ration for one entire day. It was pretty terrible—soybeans, black bread, a smattering of some kind of fat which looked like dirty lard and some ersatz coffee or tea. This was, mind you, for a whole day, 1,255 calories. - It is about as much as the average American eats for lunch, only far less palatable. It must be remembered that the German farmer does better for him self than the German city dweller because he is able to mooch some occasional green stuff and occa sionally other food, despite the stringent regulations which control the amount of food he may keep back for iffmself and his family, and the amount he must sell to the state at a price set by the authorities. A Talk With Hoover. Whil^in Berlin it was our good fortune to run into former President Hoover, who was then engaged on his food 1 investigation tour. We spent two nours talking the situation over with him, and agreed that whether we loved the Germans or not—and most said they did not— we had to feed them at least sub sistence rations, or run the chance of a tremendous upgrowth in Com munism. In other words, it was not because we loved them but for our own good and the peace of the wrorld that we should have to do it. We all agreed with Mr. Hoover's | diagnosis of the situation, made public in his speech from Cairo. A discussion of the German food question w'ould not be complete without mentioning beer, which has been a staple food as well as a stim ulant for the Germans during the centuries. Now there is no beer for the German civil population, except a bootleg brand they make them selves. The grains going into beer can be better used directly as food. This lack has made a tremendous difference in the German’s ease in life and belief in the future, be cause Germany's social life, her song and her bon camaderie was all built around the institution of beer. In Munich the world-renowned Lowen brau breweries are in ruins. In Nuernberg the famous Tucher brau was manufactured, but, ac cording to my information, its entire product was taken by the Americans for the use of American soldiers and officers. I had some of it and it was not up to the old prewar Nuernberg Tucher by any means. y^ t FIGHT FAMINE—Send check and cash donations to Wash ington Food Conservation Committee, Room 507, District Building, Washington, D. C. Crowd at Army Show Marvels as Jet Planes Roar By at 500 M.P.H, Tlie Army Air Forces showed off its jet-propelled planes at National Airport yesterday and thrilled more jthan 100,000 persons with the speed land maneuverability of the craft. Cries and gasps of astonishment 'from young and old greeted the three P-80s—the Minimum Goose, piloted by Col. Bruce K. Holloway, commanding officer of the 412 Fighter Group: Scout 10, piloted by Maj, Robin Olds, and Rousin’ Rebel, piloted by 1st Lt. Lacey Newman— as they passed a little more than 100 feet above the reviewing stand. Even greater shouts of amazement were heard later in the show when the planes, shooting at more than 500 miles an hour almost vertically into the sky, left a trail of black spiraling smoke in the sound track that invariably followed the path of the machines. The awareness of sound coming after the plane W’as perhaps the most astonishing effect to a crowd accus tomed to the reverse order of things. Spectators Arrive Early. The festive crowd began arriving at 10:30 a.m., cars quickly filling available spaces at the airport and spilling over into places not usually set aside for autos. It was a family as well as a sweetheart and sight seeing throng, with every one out for a good time on a perfect spring day. Camera enthusiasts were con spicuous as they dodged here and there and ran from vantage point to vantage point to take shots of the planes and crowds. But the jet-propelled planes in motion had them stumped. "They’re gone be fore you have time to snap the shutter.” was a common oomplaint. The crowd was also thrilled by the antics of a Fairchild C82, "The Flying Boxcar” as it is affectionately known to the men who fly them. These machines, having a cruising speed of about 200 miles per hour, provide maintenance for the spec tacular P-80s. They carry 19,000 pounds of equipment, including en gines. Highly Maneuverable Ships. The "Flying Boxcar" that went into the air yesterday demonstrated how it can maneuver with the engine "feathered,” a difficult feat for a craft of its size. Though the plane appeared to be moving in slow motion fashion after the startling speed of the P-80s, it thrilled the crowd with twists and sudden turns almost unbelievable in a machine that seemed to be made of a shining truck with wings and propeller. Another feature of the show was the rapid changing of the motor in one of the P-80s. The crew took out one motor and installed another in less than a half-hour. Following the show, the crowd was allowed to swarm over the field, within proper limits, and inspect the 29 P-80s and the six C-82s. At the opening of the show, Maj. Gen. Elwood R. Quesada, command ing general of the Tactical Air Com mand, welcomed the throng and ex plained some of the qualities of the P-80s. He said the machines now approach the speed of sound in their flight and can go up to 40,000 to 50,000 feet. “No one knows how fast the planes can go as they have not been let out to their maximum speed,” the general said. Gen. Quesada said he came up from Nashville, Tenn., yesterday morning in one hour and 10 minutse, an average speed of 550 miles an hour. The other P-80s made the trip in approximately the same time. The "Flying Boxcars” left before the lighter planes and arrived at the field in time to service their faster charges. Spaatz and Eaker Attend. The show dramatized postwar ad vances in military aviation for Gen. j Carl Spaatz, AAF chief, and Lt. Gen. Ira C. Eaker, deputy comman der, both of whom welcomed the flyers shortly after their arrival, j The group started Wednesday from March Field, Calif., on a flight whose official purpose was testing the mobility of such a group and working out long range mainte nance and supply problems. The group is scheduled to leave May 23 for Chanute Field, 111., the first leg of the return flight. The Army's newest fighter, the P-80 set a transcontinental record in January with a 2,470-mile flight in 4 hours and 12 minutes. Capt. John S. Babel, who was on a sim ilar flight that bridged the two coasts in 4 hours and 23 minutes, said the trip seemed like ‘‘a short day.” "I got up at 5:30 a.m., and took off from Long Beach, Calif., at 10 am.,” he explained. "After 4 hours and 23 minutes I arrived at La Guardia Field in the dark.” Col. Holloway, leader of the group, told Gen. &paatz and other AAF officials the jet plane is "twice as' good” as the conventional-powered fighter he piloted in shooting down 13 Japanese planes. Rifes for Charles Gardner Arranged for Tomorrow Funeral services for Charles i Buck * Gardner, 62, longtime em ploye of the Potomac Electric Power Co., who died Saturday at his home, 4821 Iowa avenue N.W., will be held at 2 p.m. tomorrow at the Hines funeral home. 2901 Fourteenth street N.W. Burial will be in Glen wood Cemetery. Mr. Gardner had been employed by Pepco since he was 13 years old. when he was a water boy for main tenance crews. He worked continu ously for the company and for the last, several years had been an as sistant superintendent, first in charge of underground maintenance and later in charge of distribution. He was a member of Washington Lodge. No. 15, of the Elks and St. John’s Masonic Lodge. Surviving are his widow, Mrs. El len Harrison Gardner: a son, Travis William Gardner of Washington: a daughter, Mrs. Spencer Berry of Fredericksburg, Va.. and two sisters, Mrs. Catherine Travis of Washing ton and Mrs. L. E. Grenfell of Falls Church. Va. Krug Returns From Trip To Hastie Inauguration By th« Associated Press Secretary of Interior Krug re turned last night by plane from the Virgin Islands, where he attended the inauguration of William H. Hastie, first Negro governor of the j islands. Gov. Hastie accompanied Mr. Krug back to Washington to appear before | congressional committees in behalf j of appropriations for the Virgin Is : lands. INTO THE WILD BLUE YONDER—Three P-80s, jet propelled. other "Shooting Star" waits on the ground with its pilot in the l speed across the sky above National Airport yesterday as an- fuselage and three airmen standing on one of its wings. Spectators at the AAF air show reacted in various ways as to keep out the noise. A sailor seemed to have forgotten his the three P-80s passed the watching crowd at more than 500 camera. Exclamations of surprise were heard generally as miles an hour. The little girl at the left clapped hands to ears eager eyes followed the planes. —Star Staff Photos. Havre de Grace Entries FOR TUESDAY. Weather Clear, Track Good. First Post. 3:15' P.M., EDT. FIRST RACE—Purse. ?2,500: maidens: special weights: 3-year-olds; 0 furlongs, a Meet Me Now 118 Fanturbie 118 xManor Miss 113 O. K. Ruby 118 xHoliday Girl 113 xa Quick Ann. 113 Acondale 118 Twenty Knots. 118 Im O'Sullivan. 1 1 s xSissie We?_ 313 Ceramic . 118 xMischievous __ 113 Bradley’s Gift 118 xFasrace _ 113 xWater Clock 113 The Congo 118 a Allnutt and Merson entry. SECOND RACE—Purse. S*i.5o0: claim ing: 4-year-olds end upward: 0 furlongs. Erato 117 xFrosty River. 105 xWise Don _ 110 Easy Chair . 115 Quiet Shot 110 xb Sunnytown 105 a Headoverheels 110 xWise Step _ 10G Westler _ mo xTops- Sue 105 Appeal Agent 110 Say Miss 100 a Victory Maid . 113 b War Wine i 15 Sea Pilot 111 Tap Lightly IT! a Phillips and Camac entry, b Ballou and Drees entry. THIRD RACE—Purse. $2,500: claiming. 4-year-olds and upward. H furlongs. a Stewart and McGehee entry. Epison _ .111 Lord Loudoun _ 111 xGood Queen .110 xBaby Kiddle 101* a H'rts Entwine 110 Veteran ... Ill Third Trial _ 115 Junior Four 115 xValue Mark 112 xThe Demander 108 x a Hail Vic _ 1 no Pentagon 111 xNedlon _ 105 Grey Prince 115 j Mightiest 115 Sun Fog JO0 a Stewart and McGehee entry. FOUR rH RACE—Purse. $3,500: claim ing; 4-year-olds and upward: 0 furlongs. ; xChicago Dr— 1 Hi My Angela 114 Blue Pom _J 24 xForever Mine. 112! Art Brown_11? Miss Lavender 114! xHigh Boss 1 Hi xNeat and Tidy 107 j xHadawin _112 xBlue C^oss 114 Cyclorama_124 xSea Letter . 1 Hi Pelops _. 110 RIFTH RACE—furse, *4,000; allow antes; Class D. 4-year-olds and upward: 1 ‘a miles. xTedious Miss.. 100 xOne Only_ 11H Bright Argosy _ 1 I 8 Grey Hood 1 12 j Sarawak _112 Friend or Foe 112! Dark Lad_112 SIXTH RACE—Purse, $3,000: claiming; 3-year-olds: 1 :'s miles. Outsider _112 Prancing Ted._ 117 xCrlsis .._ 107 Star Time _ 110 Grian _112 Inez M. _10? a xChalupa_107 xGauntlet 107 xDarten _117 a xC’konian Lad 107 Gimpy C<rl. . 117 a Gross and Meyers entry. SEVENTH RACE—Purse. $2,500; claim ing; 4-vear-olds and up: 1 miles. xJab Me_ 111 xMango _ 114 Tiresome Ill Royal Favor 111 xFlint Maid_JOl Time Book . I 10 xDon’t Delay_101 Second Attempt 1 Hi Infinite Girl_ 100 Rare Flares 114 Time Play_ 110 xChance Fair ill xTie Me - 100 xAndrcw Palmer ill Bcauzar_ 110 EIGHTH RACE—Purse. $2,500; claim in?: 4-year-oids and upward: It’, miles. Vie* Bar J14 Woodbuck Ilf* Good Gravy _ 117 Saxonian_ 122 Lucky Change . 116 Don Orlan .116 Chillie Tans 110 V-Day . 100 xChalpre _ 117 Bellclapper_ 110 xStrolling Lee 111 a Gay Peggy .. Ill x a Tacaro Id'ty 100 xPendragon ._ . 100 Pari Dominate 100 a Wein and Allnutt entry, x 5 pounds apprentice allowance claimed. Listed in order of post positions. Narragansett Entries FOR TUESDAY. Weather Clear. Track Fast. First Post. 2:15 P.M.. EDT. FIRST RACE—Purse. $2,500; allow ances; 4-year-olds and upward: d furlongs. Selcap _ 112 Sumpin 112 Mighty Tough- 110 xRonald M_ 105 Last Frontier.. 112 Maeline . 112 History . 117 Brown Flower 11)7 Flaming High . J17 xPilatcs Dream 107 Ccuntess Play. 112 Night Editor.. 112 xBright Arc . 112 xSurf ... 102 Flying Hero 115 Looks Easy_110 SECOND RACE—Purse. $2,500: allow ances; 4-year-olds and upward; d lurlongs. Scarlet Pansy. 3 05 Glorius Sec 107 Linwood Ghost 112 Bellezza 105 Pretty Tiger 1J0 xDark Morning 100 xM'me Memie. 102 Scotch Grass . 112 Andisical . 120 Macks Miss... 115 Rustical J10 Head Sea_ ... 100 xGeneral Planet 112 War Spy _ 114 xWoof Woof . 107 xBad Cold ... 107 THIRD RACE—Purse. $2,500: maidens; special weights; 2-year-olds; 5 furlongs. Mill Dam 117 Here's Me . 117 xTIger Mae _. 112 Enventia _117 Contradictory . 117 Battlet _117 Brown Clipper 117 Coddle __ 117 Red Raker ... 117 Little Spooky... 117 Jo Cole _117 Fond Wish ... 117 FOURTH RACE—Purse. $2,500; allow ances; .'’.-year-olds; U furlongs. xMy Shirley . 104 Kidnapped _ 112 1 Did . 110 Menace _110 Block Tempest 114 Windhover _117 Llnwood Blue 114 xPrognosis_100 Sis Rosie 100 Port Said_114 xShips Captain 107 xEverin W_102 xLeather Bound loo Watchword 114 Prince Favor 114 xCarollna King 100 FIFTH RACE—Purse, $2,500: maidens; 4-year-olds and upward; li1. miles. Flussy __ 113 Down Stage_118 xCurley Ace . 108 Nedwin __ 120 xSaiatoga Polly. 110 New Dealer ._ 120 Time Stitch .118 Highland Miss.. 115 Phantom Peggy. 115 Aunt Patsy_113 Wherrie _113 Sircala _120 Duskily _US Jean Play Ilk Ann San-115 xTurkey F'thers 113 SIXTH RACE—Purse, $3,000; claiming: 4-year-olds and upward: 0 furlongs. Quillon -110 Blenweed _116 Onecbill ..111 Mintlock _111 xHenry Payne_106 xYavapai _108 Respire _115 Sickle Sun.I_108 Dispose _117 SEVENTH RACE—Purse, $2,500: claim ing: 4-year-olds and upward: 1V» miles. Valdivia -110 Aircraft _118 xfius V. Z_105 Airy Goer_ 112 Cavaluke _110 County Cork .110 xCamera Man. 105 EIGHTH RACE—Purse. $2,500: claim ing: 4-year-olds and upward: 1'/« miles. Smoke Ball_110 Barnacle 115 Hero Mine_ 105 xMarco B. Good 105 Her Reply ... 113 Tohada _10* xGray Syngo _ 113 White Hope . 110 x3 pounds apprentice allowance claimed. Russia Seeks to Rule World, Franco Says • y tht Associated Press OVIEDA, Spain, May 19—Gen eralissimo Francisco Franco told a cheering crowd in this former leftist stronghold yesterday that Russia, after shutting down her churches, was now reopening them "in an im perialist attempt to dominate the world." Amid shouts of "Spain yes, Com munism no," Franco spoke for 40 minutes in the central square of this mining capital in a Northern Spain area, where Socialist and Communist elements once predomi nated. "I should like your cry ‘Spain yes, Communism no' to reach every corner of the world, so it may know the feeling of all Spain," Franco said. “It will." voices in the crowd replied. Franco asserted that the Soviet Union had engaged in a mockery of destroying private property, religion and the army, and then restoring them. The Russians, he said, after abolishing military deco rations, now authorized them to be worn on the sleeve, because there was no room left on the chest. The generalissimo declared that when the French were driven from Spain in the last century, they left behind a heritage of decadence, masonry and political parties. Spanish Republicans who took refuge in France after the civil war, he said, "were sent to con centration camps and installed there like cattle.” after which they were taken "to work like animals on farms.” Miss Speers to Graduate Miss Constance Hyde Speers, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. P. Carter Speers, of 4600 Thirtieth road south, Arlington, will graduate from St. Luke's Hospital School of Nursing. New York, Thursday afternoon. Belmont Park Entries Weather clear, track fast; first post 1:30 p.m. (EDI). FIRST RACE—Purse. $3,500: claiming maiden colts end geldings; 2-year-olds: 5 iurlonas. Widener course. Oxford Don 112 b Skeleton _ ll-> xxxCharies City 11 i Fairanflt 115 Count J. L._ 112 b Portal Z 112 a Tom Ferris— 11 s Golden Arrow. 118 Irenic.. — 118 Kaytees Boy_ 115 Uncle Cecil ... 112 Lennie Boy _ 118 b Shavey Uee _. 115 a Medalist . 118 Valley K .... 118 Browntint.. ll" Dlvino _ 118 Hcrbo_ _ 112 Gallant GI 112 Bari _ 113 a Havahome Stable entry, b Mrs. F P. Magann-Mrs. M.'C. Breen Mrs. J. R. McLean entry. SECOND RACE—Purse, $3,500: maiden' •1-year-olds: 1,'« miles. Canteen Lad ... 120 Cold Ray. 115 Sea Wolf _ 120 Kapytto 108 xxFerry Comm'd 115 xxxHi Jo-Ann‘ ~ 105 Croesus 120 Stage Star 113 Dlablaza - 108 Briggsy_ 113 RACE—The Hibler: purse. $.*!. JOO: Claiming: hurdles: 3-year-olds and up; about 1 Vi miles. zZadoc 1 .'12 Black Ned 14S ZKjeorst Corn . 130 Binder 15.3 if^Art School.. 133 Hada Bar'.ZZ 130 Ohlala - 140* Fair Crystal_143 Frothy 130 z Five pounds, zzz lo pounds allowance claimed for rider. FOURTH RACE—Purse. $4,000: the Housemaid; fillies; 3-year-olds; allow ance; b furlongs, main course. Orange Blossom 113 Darby Duma 113 xxxMilkhouse. 101 Beedee 108 Crow Fhght ... 113 Jittery Jane __ 113 L»st Tower _ _ 113 RACE—-'Hie Housemaid: purse. $4,110(1; (second division); flllics, 3-year olds. allowance: o furlongs, main course. xxxLetty — 100 Linda 113 Forgetmenow __ 113 Sewed Up ‘ 113 New Idea- 113 Wa^marl; _ 113 Run Lady. 113 Jackawake 113 SIXTH RACE—The Coaching Club American Oaks: purse. *20.000 added miles: 3-year-olds: 13/1* miles. Rytlna -121 a Hypnotic 121 a Foxglove ... 121 a Bonnie Beryl 121 Red Shoes 121 a Brlair Stud entry. SEVENTH RACE—Purse. $3,500: claim ing: 4-year-olds and up: 6 furlongs: main course. Freezout -110 Thirteen 124 Gumdron -100 a Countess Wise 111 Hard Blast ... 120 Ayahs Boy 120 Tropea -116 xxOur C'ndidate 100 xxFlaught _127 xxxBoy Angler. 110 a Big Sun-114 Valdlna Clown 132 First Gun 111 xxxFlyng Tartar 100 a M. B. Mllberg entry. EIGHTH RACE—The Lazzarone: purse, $4,500: allowance; class D; 4-year-olds and up; 1V« miles. Crack Time 113 Danada Flash. 113 Yankee Raider i1 xxAdonis 116 Flying Fort... 113 Cross Bayou __ 10* Black Swan lit Anticlimax_ 114 Bee Twentynlne 113 Weyanoke .. 114 xxFive pounds, xxxsevon pounds appren tice allowanec claimed. Listed in order of post positions. Havre de Grace Results FIRST RACE—Purse. $2,500; claiming; 4-year-olds and upward, H furlongs 'chute) Barbara s Girl (Padgett) 7 00 4 30 3.00 Equipped (Clark) 14 70 7.00 Gallant Witch (Crowther) 3 60 Time. 1:13. Also ran—James Acre. Sir Echo. Sun Galomar. Tittle Knight. Bill K . Merry Elgin. Night Duty, Kanmec. Bosley Belmont Park Results Weather Cloudy Track Fast. FIRST RACE—Purse. $3,500: claiming 2-year-olds: 5 furlongs: Widener course. Suribachi 'Arcaro) 7 70 3 90 2 30 Tabouret (Miller) 3.90 2.4o Lady Dell (Adams) 2.30 Time. 0:58*3. Also ran—Pal Cross. Fames Bid. Proud Miss. SECOND RACE—Purse S4,ooo maidens; i special weights. 3-year-olds 0 furlongs. Bohol (Miller) ", .60 4.40 3.30 Fighting Lady (Longden* 3.Ho 2.80 Thcrobelle (Atkinson* .'».!»o Time, 1.13*5. Also ran—Dustabou! Prep Girl. Jet Plane, Nsyada. Lilly. Sunny Ella Burgoo. Miss Viking. Darby Dover. : Right Ofl, i Jingle Bells, f Field. THIRD RACE—Purse. *3.50o. claiming. . teenlechase. 4-year-olds and upward, about 2 miles. 9trolline On (Field) 10 30 3.To 2.90 Frederic II 'Jennings) 2 9o 2.6u Brtdlespur (McDonald* 3 5o Time. 3:58. Also ran—Mamie's Lad. Sir Bluesteel FOURTH RACE—Purse. S3.500 claim ing: -4-year-olds and upward: 1 miles f Colleen Pat (W’rzyn) 160.MO 50.00 19.Ho Dina Flae tJessoo) 11.50 7.ho Anunow < Hettinger) 4.80 Time, 1:40V Also ran—Baby Edith. Dauber's Girl, Assailant. Rare Mate. J Lee Greenock, f Beau Quest. Blenco Lady Apple. Oak ford. Jacian. f Field. Narragansett Results FIRST RACE—Purse. $2.5o»i: claiming. •4-year-olds and upward: 6 furlongs Markobob tPollard) 18.20 9.80 7.80 Ambranded < Keene) 33.40 17.20 Hiccup (Sisto> 0 80 Time. 1:14 V Also ran—Sky sentry. White Time. Ra saw. Sleepytimc Gal. Cver the D?m. Don's Count, Roadmaker, Freeboy, Out Front. SECOND RACE—Purse. *2.500: maid ens; special weights; 3-year-olas: ti fur longs (chute). a Rolls High <Beasy> 36.80 16.20 8 4o Betty Queen (Rogersi 9.80 0 00 Sure Sleepy <Keene) 4.00 Time. 1:14 V Also ran—Colawyer. Little Noble. Tiger Tess, Kate's Boy. Babomac. Sister G.. a Cabbie Boy, Linwood Tubby. Brown Ap pell. THIRD RACE—Purse. $2,500: maidens, special weights, 2-year-olds: 5 furlongs. Belrate <Ricks> 35.60 13.no J0.00 Atomic Wave <Sisto) 5.40 4.4o Sea Trail (Zehr) 13.60 Time. l:01V Also ran—Eternal Gold, c Good Sweep. Fighting Flag. Halomer. Borzoi. Minor Prophet. Rum Runner, c Happy Smiles. Teddv Tarn. c M Wexler and Good News Stable entry. Dr. Burrill Heads PTA Dr. Meredith F. Burrill has been named president of the Leland Junior High School Parent-Teacher Association. Other new officers in clude John M. Howard, vice pres ident; August L. Lahr, treasurer, and Mrs. Wesley I. Sauter, secretary. Emergency Measures Demanded by Legion To House Veterans Immediate relief for homeless veterans was the goal announced today by the American Legion’s Department Housing Committee with the backing of 60 Legion posts. On the theory it wall be at least a year before the national housing program bears fruit and several months before 660 temporary hous ing units can oe erected in the Dis trict, the committee demanded that: 1. Federal Government and semi official agencies move out of apart ment buildings being used for offices. 2. Legislation be enacted, if nec essary. to . prohibit landlords from discriminating against veterans be cause of religious beliefs or becaus they have children. 3. Reasonable controls be set u preventing owners of residentia property from circumventing the District Rent Control Act by leasini such property for use as offices. A Discontinuance of the practice of razing residential property for commercial buildings and parking lots. Under the direction of A. E. Cas grain and in co-operation with other groups, the committee is surveying housing needs. The Le gion is urging every member to make spare rooms available to veterans. The housing committee of Coole; McCullough Legion Post, pointing out that several thousand veteran, are living in the city with unem ployment checks the only apparen' means of support, has urged the Veterans Placement Service of the United States Employment Service to devise an educational program for the relocation of these men. Many are farmers, unskilled laborers and tradesmen for whom the District has no employment, it was said. The legion housing committee will meet at 8 p.m. Tuesday. May 28. at the legion club house for further discussion of problems. W. & M. Alumni to Dine The Washington Chapter of the! Society cf the Alumni of the Col- i lege of William and Mary will hold its annual banquet at 7 p.m. tomor row at the Hotel Statler. White buck irlmmed with real calf. / ■ i JAIj* /n.|nedii;m|e^ ^ 1107 F STREET N.W. Mrs. Albert N. Baggs,; Leader of Gray Ladies, Dies of Long Illness Mrs. Albert N. Baggs, 72, 2324 Ash mead place N.W., died at her home last night after a long illness. She1 was active in building up the Gray1 Ladies Corps in the District of Co-j lumbia Chapter of the American i Red Cross, aided materially in raising money to build the Walter Reed Hospital chapel and took an important part in various phases of Red Cross work. She is survived by her husband, Dr. Baggs, who is medical con sultant of the American Legion: two sons, Comdr. Henry McKean Baggs, U. S. N. R„ who is now back in civilian life and living near Philadelphia, and Edward Baggs of Washington, and an aunt. Miss Anne Robinson of Washington. Funeral services will be held at 2 p.m. Wednesday at the Walter Reed chapel, with burial in Arlington National Cemetery. Mrs. Baggs made the request that she be buried in the Gray Lady uni form and veil, so that she might be, in death as in life, a "Gray Lady.” The American Red Cross awarded her a bar for 20 years of continuous service and she later was given special permission to wear her Gray Lady uniform at any time—j on or off duty. She became a Grayi Lady in 1931. Native of Philadelphia. The daughter of Mr. and Mrs. John L. Meacham of Philadelphia, Mrs. Baggs was active in amateur! theatricals there, having been a member of the Board of Governors of the Play and Players’ Club. She was formerly Miss Ida Blythe Meacham and was a native of Philadelphia. A direct descendant of Gov. Wil liam Bradford, Mrs. Baggs was a member of the Mayflower Society, the Colonial Dames of America, Pennsylvania Chapter; Daughters of Founders and Patriots of Amer ; ica, Daughters of the American Revolution, Maj. L'Enfant Chapter, and of the Society of Colonial Gov ernors. During the World War her hus band was regimental surgeon in the 80th Division, training at Camp Lee, Va., and Mrs. Baggs joined him in nearby Petersburg with their two children. She was then instrumen tal in obtaining much-nedded sup plies for the base hospital patients, ! the camp's recreation halls and for special Red Cross work. Praised for Services. Later Dr. Baggs was stationed at Walter Reed Hospital, and Mrs. Baggs took an active part in civic welfare and Red Cross work here. She originated the famous "birthday i parties” which were held annually to raise money for the Walter Reed Chapel. I he late Miss Mabel Boardman, Red Cross executive, who was Dis trict chairman of volunteer special services, said Mrs. Baggs had done "remarkable service” in building up the Gray Lady Corps, with hundreds of members working in the hospi tals, institutions and recreation rooms here. "Her enthusiasm and devotion have never failed and she has al ways responded to any request of the Red Cross,” said Miss Board man. Soon after becoming a Gray Lady, Mrs. Baggs became first chairman of the newly-established Hospital and Recreation Corps, the official name of the Gray Ladies. Only in three hospitals—Walter Reed. Naval and Episcopal Eye, Ear and Throat— was the service then established. But under her direction it expanded tremendously. Despite ill health, she took charge MRS. ALBEftT N. BAGGS. —Hessler Photo. in 1940 of ail booths established for the Bed Cross War Fund drive and attained the goal. She increased the number of booths from 26 to 84 and was able to maintain them at all times with her Gray Ladies and other Red Cross volunteers, officials recalled. A few months later, she was asked to head the Committee of Booths for the annual Red Cross roll call. She kept office hours at her Chapter House desk, planned new groups of Gray Ladies here, spoke to graduating classes, awarded certificates and addressed gatherings as far away as California. In 1942, due to a serious illness and failing strength, Mrs. Baggs felt impelled to resign her chairman ship of the Hospital and Recreation Corps. Mrs. Mary E. Smith Rites To Be Held Tomorrow Funeral services for Mrs. Mary Etta Smith, 62, wife of the Rev. Henry J. Smith, pastor of North Washington Baptist Church, who died Saturday at Sibley Hospital, will be held at 3 p.m. tomorrow at Hines funeral home. 2901 Fourteenth street N.W. Burial will be in Fort Lincoln Cemetery. Mrs. Smith was born at North Brookfield, N. Y., and attended high school in Hamilton, N. Y. She was graduated from the New York State Normal College and taught in pub lic high schools of the State. Mrs. Smith and her husband were married in 1909. They lived at Gilbertsville, N. Y.: New York City and Paterson. N. J., where he was pastor of churches, before coming to Washington. The Rev. Mr. Smith was pastor of the Petworth Baptist Church here before being called to the North Washington Church Their home is at 412 Rittenhouse street N.W. Mrs. Smith was an active mem ber of the Petworth Women’s Club and corresponding secretary of the Washington Federation of Women's Clubs. She was teacher of the North Washington Church’s wom en's Bible class, which recently was named in her honor. Surviving besides her husband, are a daughter. Mrs. Esther Warner, and a grandson of Washington. 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