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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 23, 1946, Image 6

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Federal Conciliator
Holds Session Today
In Safeways Dispute
United States Conciliator James
Holden, officials of Safeway Stores,
Inc., and Retail Grocery Clerks’
Local 639, AFL, were tP meet at
11 a.m. today in an effort to avert
a strike on June 4 which threatens
to close 181 of the grocery chain's
stores in the Washington area.
1116 officials will meet in the
office of Frank Sheehan, company
labor relations officer, in his office,
804 Seventeenth street N.W.
Tuesday night 800 union members,
meeting at Turner’s Arena, voted to
walk out June 4 unless an agree
ment was reached in contract nego
tiations regarding vacations. P. M.
Clifford, business manager of the
union, said all issues in the dispute
had been settled with exception of
a vacation clause.
Mr. Clifford said the union de
mand is for one week’s vacation
after a year’s service and two weeks
for employes with three years’ serv
ice. However, the firm asks that
the vacation clause remain the same
as in a contract which expired April
1. It provides a week’s vacation for
one years’ service and two weeks for
five years’ work, Mr. Sheehan as
serted.
Officials of the union indicated
they were willing to submit the issue
to an abritration panel. They said
the union's strike notice was filed
April 17.
Under terms of the new contract,
the company agreed to raise sal
aries of first-year employes from $28 j
weekly to $30, and top salaries would!
be boosted from $41 to $44 weekly,
Mr. Sheehan said, with wage in
creases retroactive to April 1. Em- j
ployes are now working under terms:
of the expired contract.
Nuernberg
^Continued From First Page.)
provisions. Almost invariably sur
vivors did not come aboard the
submarine voluntarily and it was
necessary to take them prisoner by
force.”
Admiral Nimitz said no further
orders to American submarines were
based on reprisal after December 7,
1941, ‘‘although specific instances of
Japanese submarines committing
atrocities toward United States mer
chant marine survivors became
known and would have justified
such a course.”
Blames Henry Ford.
In another phase of the trial.
Baldur von Schirach, 39-year-old
former fuehrer of Hitler youth, in
formed increasingly impatient
members of the tribunal today that
a book he said had been written
by Henry Ford was influential in
converting him to anti-Semitism.
“We regarded Henry Ford as a
symbol, as a successful man and a
person whose views should be taken
seriously,” Schirach said as he
opened his defense against war
crimes charges. He said the book
was entitled "The International
Jew.” I
(On January 6. 1937, the non
eectarian Anti-Nazi League to
Champion Human Rights an
nounced in New York that it had
received a letter authorized by
Henry Ford stating that steps j
would be taken to "prevent the
continued misuse of Mr. Ford’s
name” on the book, "The Inter
national Jew.”
(Samuel Untermyer, president
of the league, said the book was
printed in Germany and that
the auto magnate’s name was
carried as its author because it
was largely a collection of articles
once printed in Ford’s “Dear
born Independent.”
(E. G. Liebold, general secre- j
tary for Ford, informed the !
league in his letter that “this !
publication contains material
which was neither collected, com
piled nor ever published by Mr.
Ford and consequently he cannot !
be credited with its authorship
without misrepresentation of the
facts. Accordingly steps will be
taken to prevent the continued
misuse of Mr. Ford’s name in
this manner.”)
Interrupted by Lawrence.
Sir Geoffrey Lawrence, the pre
siding justice, interrupted the wit
ness with the tart observation that
he was not Interested in how
Schirach became anti-Semitic.
Schirach was halted again in the
middle of a sentence in which he
asserted that Herbert Hoover, "as a
great benefactor,” was another
American influence on his own
younger years.
Schirach, natty in a tan gabardine
suit and a blue tie, talked out of
the side of his mouth as he told
the tribunal he was the father of
four children and described his 21
years in the Nazi party and his rise
to gauleiter of Vienna. He credited
his love of military discipline for
youth to the fact he was the son of
a professional officer.
Cuba expects to grow more than
225.000.000 pounds of pineapples in
1946.
SYMBOL OF
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BUILDING
•ASSOCIATION
Washington Building
15th St. and Nbw York Avg*
ARRIVE FOR DEADLINE RAIL CONFERENCE—Alvanley John
ston (front), president of the Brotherhood of Locomotive En
gineers, and A. F. Whitney (back), president of the Brotherhood
of Railway Trainmen, as they arrived at the White House today
for their final strike conference with President Truman. At
right is a reporter,_ _AP Photo.
Railroads
(Continued From First Page.)
wage case in three proceedings.
This increase would parallel that
given the steel workers to end their
strike.
Tied in with the slight addition
in wages, however, according to Mr.
Whitney, was the President’s pro
posal that all rule changes sought
by the brotherhoods be held in abey
ance for a year.
Plan Called Unfavorable.
“This proposal was less favorable
than the recommendation of the
fact-finding board," the trainmen’s
head said.
The White House wage plan was
disclosed at a series of conferences
President Truman arranged hur
riedly yesterday. He first brought
in Mr. Whitney and Mr. Johnston;
then the representatives of the other
18 brotherhoods—three operating
and 15 nonoperating—and then
carrier representatives headed by
Mr. Pelley. It was close to 5 o’clock
when the first session got under way,
and it was two hours later before
the meetings were concluded.
Trainmen and engineers originally
asked an 18 per cent wage boost
along with changes in 45 operating
rules—demands that the carriers es
timated would cost them $1,575,
000,000 annually if spread among
the 1.400.000 rail workers of the
country, as traditionally has been
done. These rules cover such things
as vacation pay, sick leave, overtime
pay, standby pay and the like.
The carriers proposed 29 changes.
The fact-finding board asserted
that “generally, the proposals of
each side are extreme,” and only
passed on a few, declaring that it
“would take months” to go ade
quately into the merits of the many
points and then reach a decision.
The other operating unions—
conductors, switchmen, enginemen
and firemen—and the nonoperating
groups, submitted wage demands in
line with those of trainmen and en
gineers to arbitration, and emerged
with the 16-cent increase that set
the pattern for that given the two
now threatening to strike. These
other 18 union then started new
wage proceedings, and it is in con
nection with these that the Presi
dent offered the 2 V2 cents more that
was accepted.
DAR
(Continued From First Page.i
stitutional Hall problem Polly Wyck
off Chapter feels we will get a free
and full hearing,” she added.
Mrs. Vann then asked that the
resolution submitted by her chapter
be withdrawn.
Mrs. Talmadge in conclusion, said,
“We want to do the greatest good
for the greatest number of all of the
people in our beloved country.
“In the matter of Constitution
Hall, we are trying to maintain it
as a cultural center as the great ma
jority of people, both in the District
of Columbia and in the United
States and as our own ranks would
like to have it maintained.”
Mrs. Brosseau also made a final
statement:
“Now that the resolutions are
over, I hope that harmonyy will pre
vail. As I have said before the DAR
is greater than any individual or any
group of individuals. You won't
| hear any more from me in this con
j gress,” she declared.
Congress Closes Tonight.
Installation of the vice presidents
i general, the curator general and the
; corresponding secretary general, fol
lowed by the annual dinner, will
close the Congress.
Officers to be installed were
presented last night, following an
nouncement of the successful candi
dates by Mrs. William H. Clapp,
chairman of tellers. They are:
Vice presidents general for a
three-year term—Mrs. J. Harold
Grimes, Martinsville, Ind.; Mrs.
Ober De Witt Warthen, Vidalia, Ga.;
Mrs. Leroy Hussey, Augusta, Me.;
Mrs. O. M. Crist, Danville, 111.; Mrs.
Frederick B. Ingram, Dallas, Tex.;
Mrs. Nathan Russell Patterson,
Tulsa, Okla.
For 2-Year Terms.
Vice presidents general for two
years—Mrs. Henry W. Townsend,
Kansas City, Mo.: Mrs. James
Brooks Vaughn, Castlewood, S. Dak.;
Mrs. Howard A. Latting, Colorado
Springs, Colo.; Mrs. William Stark
Tompkins, Wilkes Barre, Pa.; Mrs.
T. Frederick Chase, Providence,
R. I., and Mrs. David E. French,
Bluefleld, W. Va.
Vice presidents general for a one
year term—Mrs. George Christian
Vietheer, Arlington, Va.; Mrs. T. H.
Napier, Montevallo, Ala., and Mrs.
Arno Albert Bald, Platte Center,
Nebr.
Miss Katharine Matthies of Sey
mour, Conn., was elected cor
responding secretary general, an
office which she has been filling
since the resignation of the former
incumbent because of illness. Mrs.
Harry C. Oberholser of Washing
' ton was elected curator general,
which office she has been filling
since the resignation of the last
regularly elected curator general.
Mrs. Luce Refuses
To Dissolve Committee
NEW YORK, May 23 (£>».—'The
| Committee Against Racial Discrim
j inaticn in the Use of Constitution
Hall will not be dissolved and will
continue its efforts to have persons
of any race perform in the audi
torium, Representative Clare Boothe
Luce, Republican, of Connecticut
said yesterday in a telegram to Mrs.
Julius Y. Talmadge, national presi
dent general of the DAR.
The text of the telegram was made
public here by Dr. Maeanna Cheser
ton-Mangle, secretary of the 17
woman committee.
The telegram sent by Mrs. Luce
read in part:
“We have never purported our
selves j to be an official committee
but, as our letterhead states, we are
a ‘voluntary group of members of
the DAR.’ The congress has no
jurisdiction over us and so we can
not recognize any motion which
orders ‘immediate dissolution’ of our
committee.
“We have organized ourselves to
facilitate a united action toward the
objective of deleting the ‘white
artists only’ clause from the Consti
tution Hall lease and we propose to
continue our work which we con
| scientiously believe is in the best
| interests and for the welfare of the
i organization.”
— CHlCKCNTt»OT>^AH
Ib
' n°fCr» WlCtt
' Cop,-££'%$"**
ECONOMICAL! One can of
College Inn Boned Chicken has
as much chicken meat os a Im
pound dressed chicken. At your
grocer’s now.
• Between slices of bread
or toast, place College Inn
Chick fn , cover with tomato,
spread with salad dressing
and mustard, add pieces of
crisp bacon, top with lettuce.
Meeting Is Called
To Consider Offer
On Swimming Pools
A special Recreation Board Com
mittee will meet at 8 p.m. tomorrow
to consider an offer by Government
Services, Inc., to turn over opera
tion of the city’s six swimming pools
if the Recreation Board can re
imburse the agency about $27,700
expended on equipment, Milo F.
Christiansen, recreation superin
tendent, said today.
Recreation board members for
some time have been interested in
taking over control of the pools,
now operated under contract from
the Interior Department. F. W.
Hoover, general manager of GSI,
said in a letter to the board yes
terday that'- his corporation is not
“anxious” to retain control but was
doing so at the “request” of the
Interior Department. He would be
glad to ask the department for
release from the contract If he got
the $27,700 back, Mr. Hoover said.
Mr. Hoover warned that the pools
have been operating at an average
loss of $5,200 a year, and that this
will fall on the taxpayers if the city
takes over the pools. He added
that longer “free” periods of swim
ming, advocated by some board
members, would result in even
greater loss. The corporation has
been taking care of the pool losses
through profit from other conces
sions, he said.
The general manager added that
if the Recreation Board does not
have $27,700 available, the resulting
necessary request to Congress for
the funds will give an “excellent
opportunity” for Congress to ex
press its views.
Mr. Christiansen said the special
pool committee had decided to meet
tomorrow at the recreation depart
ment before Mr. Hoover’s offer was
received. He had no comment to
make on the offer.
__ i
J. P. Hayes Is Appointed
D. C. Symphony Manager
The National Symphony Orchestra
Association today announced ap
pointment of J. P. Hayes as its
general manager, effective immedi
lately. J. E.
Mutch, man
ager of the or
chestra since
July, 1943. will
continue in that
position, E. R.
Pinke nstaedt,
association pres
ident, said. Both
' a p p o i ntments
j are for one year.
After 30
months in the
Navy, Mr. Hayes
returned to the
orchestra staff
; last January as
Mr. Hayes.
i executive assistant to the president
and director of the 1946-7 sustain
ing fund campaign. From January.
1941, to July, 1943, he was manager
of the orchestra.
The association also announced
the resignation of Miss Althea Hoof!
as publicity director. She will join
her fiance in Japan. Miss Pauline
Perry, former Washington and
Tulsa, Okla., newspaperwoman, will
become publicity director. She is
associated with the office of Fred
erick N. Polangin, public relations
consultant, which the association
i has retained.
Homesick Bride
Planning Return
To Native France
An 18-year-old homesick French
bride was ready to go back home
today after five weeks in Washing
ton, but her husband, a veteran of
three years in the Army, still hoped
to win her back.
The Missing Persons Bureau of
the Police Department closed the
case of Mrs. Jeannine Houchens
after the French Embassy informed
it that she isn't really missing but
simply “finds that she cannot live
with her husband and is leaving
him.'*
Her husband George Houchens,
21. of 134 North Carolina avenue
S.E., asked the help of police yes
terday. He said their differences
began with the housing shortage.
Jeannine was unhappy living with
his family.
George found an apartment on
Eighteenth street N.W. But the
young couple may never move in.
Jeannine left without even looking
at the apartment, he said.
George went to work as usual
today at the Naval Gun Factory.
He hopes to see her tonight and
to revive the romance that began
when he was a railroad mechanic
in France.
Haiti hit a record mark on banana
shipments in November — $300,908
worth.
Browder in Moscow Seeking
To Get Soviet Books for U. S.
By th« A'sociattd Pr»*»
MOSCOW, May 23.—Earl Brow
der, describing Soviet-American re
lations as the most important thing
in the world, told foreign corres
pondents today he was in Moscow to
arrange details for opening a New
York office as the American repre
sentative for Soviet book publishers.
“The trip here was entirely my
own idea—a prefect example of pri
vate enterprise,” said the former
leader of the American Communist
party. “I am out of political life
and I came here as a writer. They
seemed to know me. I had no trouble
with the visa.”
Mr. Browder said Foreign Min
ister • V. M. Molotov had received
him and that a deputy foreign min
ister, a A. Lozovsky, was helping
him see the book publishers he
wished to meet.
"My visit with Mr. Molotov was
just a brief courtesy call,” Mr.
Browder said. "Mr. Lozovsky has
been very kind in facilitating ny
contacts, but he is a very busy man
and has not too much time for me.”
Trumans to Be Hosts
To Injured Veterans
At Lawn Party Today
President and Mrs. Truman will
welcome 716 hospitalized veterans
and feed them ice cream and cake
this afternoon on the White House
lawn at the first official reception
for wounded veterans at the White
House since the last war.
Members of the cabinet will assist
the Trumans to receive the men
from Walter Reed, Mount Alto, Be
thesda Naval and St. Elizabeth’s
Hospitals. The American Red
Cross Motor Corps and canteen
workers will help transport and
serve the veterans, some of whom
will be in wheel chairs.
The White House announced that
except for the receiving line on the
south lawn, refreshments and music
by the United States Marine Band,
no other plans had been made in
order to leave the veterans free to
wander about as they pleased.
Many members of Mrs. Truman's
family and President Truman's sis
ter will come from Missouri for
the graduation of Miss Margaret
Truman next Wednesday. However,
the President's mother will not be
able to attend as she had hoped,
Mrs. James Helm, social secretary,
said at a press conference today.
Both President Truman and Mar
garet will wear caps and gowns
Wednesday at 8 p.m. at Constitution
Hall when George Washington Uni.
versity confers an honorary doctor
of laws degree upon Mr. Truman
and a bachelor of arts degree upon
Margaret.
Mrs. Truman, in the presidential
box with members of her family,
will wear a long blue and white
print dress.
Shortly after her graduation, Mrs.
Helm said, Margaret will go to In
dependence, Mo., with her grand
mother, Mrs. D. W. Wallace, to
study music during the summer
Mrs. Truman will be in Washing
ton most of the summer, Mrs. Helm
said.
ODT ♦
(Continued From First Page !
sential passenger-traffic-by~motor
and air carriers, he said.
In the four-man transportation
command, Charles H. Buford, Fed
eral manager of the 337 seized rail
carriers, remained top man for rail
transportation. However. Homer
King, deputy director of ODT, was
designated a Government “rerout
ing agent” to divert shipments from
strike-crippled railroads to those
continuing service.
Guy A Richardson, former direc
! tor of ODT's Highway Transport
Department, was recalled to that job
to mobilize the resources of truck
and bus lines.
Laurence C. Turner, director of
ODT's Waterways Department.-was
placed in command of emergency
operations of ship lines and barges.
To aid in the mobilization of the
air carriers, J. J. O’Donovan, vice
president of Pennsylvania-Central
Airlines, was appointed assistant for
air to ODT Director J. Monroe
Johnson.
Col. Johnson also designated G.
Lloyd Wilson, head of ODT's freight
division, to act as co-ordinator and
liaison agent among the four
branches of transportation.
A Post Office Department spokes
man said the department still had
received no assurance from the
unions that the mails would be al
lowed to go through if the strike
goes on. The unions still have this
“under advisement,” he said, adding
that he believed the fact that the
Government had taken over the
railroads would “put a different light
on it.”
He said, however, that the de
partment has “done all we can to
prepare” for a strike and has set
up a program for using every avail
able facility to get the mails througn.
He would not disclose whether a
mail embargo would be necessary
pending some official word from the
ODT.
A Treasury opinion poll reveals
that 87 per. cent of the Americans
who have been investing in War
Bonds on the pay roll savings plan
want to continue buying United
States Savings Bonds that way.
They can.
Ima Wisebuyer says...
MWhen you feel cornered by a painting job — or any
other repair or remodeling work you need, look in the
yellow pages. Your classified telephone directory
will point the way to most of the services you need for
home or office, store or factory. It pays to use the _
YELLOW PAGES.”
The Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone Company
Strike Control
(Continued From First Page.)
putes legislation as Senator Hill of
Alabama, the Democratic whip, told
a reporter he saw no reason why a
measure should not clear the Sen
ate this week.
Senator Reed said he thinks the
time has come to write into law the
principle that the public welfare
transcends the rights of any par
ticular class.
“Today,” he said, “organized labor,
despite internal divisions, has a
composite political power greater;
than any other economic class in |
the United States.
Special Privileges Assailed.
“It has been endowed with spe
cial privileges and immunities and
powers of aggressive action which
permit and actually encourage na-;
tional unions to override the policed
powers of local and State govern
ments, ^nd even to over-awe the
FederaWGovernment with demon
strations of private force.’’
Senator Byrd indicated he in
tends to stand firmly on his pro-1
posal to prohibit employer contri-1
outlons to worker welfare funds un-!
less management has full voice with j
employes in their administration.
Backers for Senator Byrd’s plan
acknowledge that they are aiming
at Mr. Lewis’s demand for payments
from the mine operators equal to 7
per cent of payrolls. Senator Byrd
calculates this would amount to
about $70,000,000 a year, which he
says would come from the public
and could be spent by Mr. Lewis in
any way he desires.
Those who have been advocating
immediate action on labor disputes
called yesterday's vote on the Pep
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C-711
per proposal a forerunner, in reverse,
of what to expect when tests come
on a variety of restrictive amend
ments to the pending “mild” bill ap
proved by the Labor Committee.
Barkley Votes “No.”
Fourteen Democrats and one
Progressive joined with 25 Repub
licans in shouting down the Pepper
substitute. The 12 Democrats who
voted for it included Senator Bark
ley.
Two more amendments were
dropped into the already well
stacked hopper.
One by Senator Saltonstall, Re
publican, of Massachusetts would
require that any health trust funds
established under proposed legisla
tion be sifbject to annual audits,
with these available for Inspection
of interested persons designated by
written agreements.
The second by Senators Aiken,
Republican, of Vermont and Morse,
Republican, of Oregon would amend
Senator Byrd's proposal for regis
tration and financial statements
from all unions so this would apply
also to trade associations and busi
ness groups.
Senator Aiken asked that the
penalty for failure to observe these
proposals be changed to eliminate
loss of bargaining rights and substi
tute fines of up to $10,000.
Mazerall Found Guilty
OTTAWA. May 23 f/P).—Sentence
will be imposed May 31 on Edward
Mazerall, 30. National Research
Council engineer who was found
guilty yesterday of conspiring to
furnish information to representa
tives of the Soviet Union here.
Job-Training Is Popular
One out of every four veterans
enrolled for Government-paid edu
cation is taking on-the-job training,
the Veterans’ Administration an
nounced today. At the end of April,
169,823 ex-servicemen were taking
on-the-job training, the agency re
ported.
Senate Vote
Roll Call on Pepper's
Health Fund Plan
Following is the vote by which the
Senate last night rejected a proposal
by Senator Pepper, Democrat, of
Florida, which would have approved
union health funds:
For the Amendment (12),
Democrats tor:
BARKLEY MURRAY
DOWNEY MYERS
KILGORE * PEPPER
MAGNUSON TAYLOR
McFarland tunnell
MITCHELL WALSH
Republicans tor—None.
Against the Amendment (t0>.
Democrats against:
BYRD JOHNSTON. S. C.
FULBRIGHT LUCAS
GEORGE McCLELLAN
hill McMahon
HOEY RUSSELL
HATCH STEWART
JOHNSON, Colo THOMAS. Olrla.
Republicans against:
AIKEN LANGER
AUSTIN MILLIKIN
BALL MORSE
BUCK REVERCOMB
CAPEHART ROBERTSON
CAPPER SALTONSTALL
CORDON SMITH
DONNELL STANFILL
FERGUSON TAFT
HART TOBEY
HAWKES WHITE
HICKENLOOPER YOUNG
KNOWLAND
Progressive agamst—I.
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CINDERELLA MET A PELLA
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