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Sunny, high in middle 70s; fair, cool tonight, ^ I* 6 d U V r » low about 58. Tomorrow increasing cloudi- MPage. Page. ness, mild. I M Amusements ...A-l« Obituary ..A-10 —-■ ■ Comics .B-14-15 Raoio B-15 Temperatures today—High, 72, at 1 p.m.: ■ ■ Editorials _A-8 Society B-3 low, 58. at 4:48 a.m. Yesterday—High, 86, at ^^B Editorial Articles. A-9 Sports .A-12-13 1:46 p.m.; low, 67, at 11:59 p.m. Finance .A-15 Where to Go_B-7 __Full Report on p»»e A-ii._( Lost and Found A-3 Womans Page...B-8 -^I°s*n9 N. Y. Markets Soles, Page A-15. ■ An Associated Press Newspaper 94th YEAR. No. 37,291. Phone NA. 5000. ,_WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JUNE 10, 1946.-THIRTY-TWO PAGES. 5 CENTS . 'f 1 """ .— 1 1 ~ "" 11 —- 1. i- i i . ..<—id.■■■■. Court Upholds Tobacco Firms' v Trust Conviction Fines of $255,000 For Trio Sustained In 6-to-0 Decision ly the Associated Press The Supreme Court held today that three big tobacco companies had conspired to form a monop oly and upheld their conviction under the Sherman Antitrust Act. h In a 6-to-0 decision, the court de clared it was not necessary to show competitors actually had been ex cluded. It was the first time the court had ruled on the point. The case involved the R. J. Rey nolds Tobacco Co.. Liggett & Myers Tobacco Co. and the American To bacco Co.-'They were fined a total of $255,000 in United States District Court in Lexington. Ky. The Sixth Federal Circuit Court upheld the conviction. Justice. Burton delivered the 6-0 decision. Justices Reed and Jack son did not participate. Justice Rurton said the companies “have been found to have con spired to establish a monopoly and also to have the power and intent to establish and maintain the monopoly. To hold that they do not come within the prohibition of the Sherman Act would destroy the force of that act.” Justice Frankfurter, in a brief concurring opinion, said he believed the court also should have ruled on whether errors were committed in the selection of the jury. The companies asked the Supreme Court to review numerous questions. But it agreed to consider only whether actual exclusion of com petitors is a necpsary element for monopolization, under the terms of the Sherman Act. The Justice Department contend ed its case against the companies showed there was “intent and pow er to produce a result which the law condemns — exclusion of competi tors.” It argued that “neither on authority nor on reason is the fur ther element of actual exclusion of competitors necessary to this offense” (of monopolization!. Justice Rutledge wrote a brief concurring opinion in which he said he agreed that “the offense of monopolization is complete when power is acquired to exclude com petitors and therefore actual ex clusion need not be shown.” All-Day Closing of Banks On Saturdays Is Favored After a brief hearing before the Senate District Committee today. Acting Chairman Hoey indicated the group would report favorably on a bill providing for the all-day closing on Saturdays of Washington s banks and building and loan associations. Adoption of the measure was urged by F. G. Addison, speaking for the District Bankers Association and C. C. James, for the District Build ing and Loan League. Support also was given by Robert V. Fleming, past president of the District and the American Bankers Association, j Mr. Addison stressed that the leg islation would apply only to the banking institutions. He gave as surances that banking hours during other days of the week would be lengthened so that banks would be open for business the same number of hours as at present. Committee Approves Snyder Nomination By the Associated Press The Senate Finance Commit tee today approved President Truman’s nomination of John W. Snyder to be Secretary of the. Treasury. Mr. Snyder succeeds Fred M. Vin son. who has been nominated for Chief Justice of the United States, i Chairman George said the com-j mittee’s action, taken at a closed; session was unanimous. Senator Donnell, Republican, of Missouri, made public a statement he delivered to the committee,' which said: “I am of the opinion that the nomination of Mr. John W. Snyder to be Secretary of the Treasury should be confirmed. I believe his capacity and integrity qualify him to perform creditably the duties of this highly important office. The State of Missouri is greatly hon ored by the fact that the President has made this selection from among her sons.” Later, Senator Hawkes, Repub lican, of New Jersey issued a state ment praising Mr. Snyder as "a liberal but not a foolish liberal.’ "He believes in the free, competi tive enterprise system which made the United States of America what it is,” Senator Hawkes said. “He believes that equity for all groups on a basis which establishes the mutuality of rights is essential to the success of this Nation and the welfare of its people." Chairman McCarran of the Sen ate Judiciary Committee announced his group will provide an oppor tunity Friday for any one who wants to protest the appointment of Mr. Vinson. BULLETIN Pirates Face NLRB Case PITTSBURGH (JP).—Robert Murphy, labor relations direc tor of the American Baseball Guild, today filed with the National Labor Relations Board a petition charging the Pittsburgh Pirates’ manage ment with unfair labor prac tices. * 4 Mihailovich's Trial Under Way; Americans Linked to Axis Talks U. S. Officers Sat In at Parley of General And German Commander, Government Says By the Associated Press BELGRADE, June 10.—Mar shal Tito’s Yugoslav government charged at the opening of Gen. Draja Mihailovich’s treason trial today that American officers sat in on a conference between the former Chetnik leader and the German commander in Yugo slavia. The government indictment was read at the opening of the trial of the man who was left behind by former King Peter's government for the announcement purpose of waging underground war against the Germans. It also charged that Mihailovich was sent word by Brit ish officers in Cairo to “liquidate Communists as soon as possible.” The voluminous bill of particulars, with detailed charges of collabora tion and war crimes against Mihailo vich, said the British sent the in structions to the King Peter's re sistance leader in the spring of 1944 by officers who attend the King's marriage to Princess Alexandria of Greece. In the summer of 1944, the in dictment continued, "the American Col. McDowell, chief of the Ameri can military mission to Mihailovich's headquarters, arrived at the airfield at Pranjina. As soon as he met Mihailovich he told him 'we Ameri cans are not interested in your fight with Germany, They must be put out of Yugoslavia by action of the Allies. It is up to you to remain among the people • • • America is helping exclusively you and your movement in Yugoslavia.’ ” In August, 1944, the indictment said, Col. McDowell “took part” in a meeting at the village of Focsi between Mihailovich and the chief of the administrative staff of the German military commander in Serbia, Neubacher. Col. McDowell 1See MIHAILOVICH, Page ~A-4.f Mystery Caller Slays Paper Firm President In Heart of Boston Unsigned Contract Seen As Clue to Identity of Well-Dressed Gunman By th« Associated Press BOSTON, June 10.—William A. Whitcomb, 73, president of the Great Northern Paper Co., was shot to death in his office in the heart of the city today, and po lice termed an unsigned contract found on his desk a possible clue to the identity of his .well dressed slayer. "I have a hunch who might have done It,” Police Lt. Harold Walkins said. "This contract would have been very beneficial to a certain party if Whitcomb had signed it.” Mr. Whitcomb, a native of Clin ton, Ind., was slain only seconds after Miss Sally Whittam, his secre tary, admitted the killer to his pri vate office and left the, two men alone. His body was found face down on the floor and four dis charged .32-caliber cartridges were nearby. Remembered Slayer. Miss Whittam remembered the slayer as a ihan who came to the office last week, representing him self as a Treasury Department agent. Although the slayer stroUed un challenged out of the Great North ern Co,’s eighth-floor offices, where some 20 employes sat at their desks, and apparently left the building by an elevator, police thought he might have remained In the nine-story structure. They threw a cordon about the building and, with Miss Whittam, scanned all who attempted to enter or leave. Lawrence O'Connor, who has an office on the same floor as the Great Northern Paper Co., said he went to the door after hearing the con fusion and saw a stockily built man in a gray suit calmly walking down the corridor. Carried Brief Case. “He had a brief case under his left arm and his right hand in his coat pocket,” Mr. O’Connor said. “I heard somebody say: ‘Mr. Whit comb has been shot.’ Then I hur ried after the man and I think he walked down one flight to a lower floor. “Just then one of the four eleva tors in the building came up and I told the elevator man to try to stop the gunman. That’s the last I saw of him.” One elevator operator said he saw a man answering a description of the slayer leaving the building, but that he wasn’t carrying a brief case. Police described the slayer as be tween 45 and 50 years old, of stocky build. They said he wore a straw hat and carried a brief case. • Mr. Whitcomb's office is in the busy Boston Safe Deposit & Trust Co., on Devonshire street, the cen ter of the financial district. Struck by Two Bullets. An employe in the office said the slayer identified himself again to day as a “Treasury Department agent” and said he wanted to talk to Mr. Whitcomb, thereby gaining admission to the private office. Employes said the slayer sat calmly in an outer office several minutes before being admitted to Mr. Whitcomb's room. Lester R. Smith, traffic manager for the company, said he heard three shots, and Dr. Paul Rooney, phy (See SHOOTING, Page A-3.) I " 1 111 1 — ■ 1 Selectees Refuse , To Ride on Bus Beside Colored By the A’tocioted Frets* SUFFOLK, Va„ June 10.—The first repercussion of the Supreme Court’s ruling against segregation of races on interstate buses was reported in Virginia today when 23 white Nansemond County selectees, headed for Richmond, left a Grey hound bus rather than sit next to colored persons. M. P. Spivey, in charge of the Suffolk men, and Melvin Brinkley of White Marsh road, in charge of the men living out in the county, said that colored passengers occu pied about half of the seats in the rear of the bus, with only one col ored person to a seat, and that they refused to double up. “The men left the bus on their own initiative,” Mr. Spivey said, "and I joined them, along with Mr. Brinkley,” The bus was one bound for Wash ington from Norfolk. To conform with a ruling by the Supreme Court a week ago, the interstate lines have abolished the “Jim Crow” system from buses crossing State lines. The selectees, however, boarded the next Greyhound bus which left here for Richmond. Toll in Iowa Hotel Fire Rises to 16; Inquiries Into Cause Started Burns Are Fatal to Wife Of Owner; 19 Guests Not Accounted For ly the Associated Pr«• DUBUQUE, Iowa, June 10.— The death toll in a tragic fire at the Canfield Hotel went to 16 today as a three-way lnvestiga tion was started in an effort to determine the cause of the blaze which swept through the 200 room structure early yesterday. Taking leading parts in the in vestigation were the State fire mar shal’s office, the Dubuque County at torney and the coroner. At the same time Dr. F. S. Leonard, cor oner, countermanded a previous de cision and said an inquest would be held before a three-member jury. > Hotel Owner’s Wife Dies. The 16th fatal victim qf the fire was Mrs. William Canfield, 73, wife of the hotel owner. Her husband! was ta|fen dead from tpa ruins yes-! terday, and her son is in the hos pital with serious bmns. She died in Mercy Hospital this morning of third-degree burns. Three of the dead remained un identified and 19 persons still were reported missing oy the Red Cross. Fifteen more were in the hospital. Firemen resumed their search for bodies in the 200-room hotel’s still smoldering debris after officials of the 8tate fire marshal's office ap proved Supporting braces which had been newly placed to prevent the walls from collapsing. Hie Red Cross continued its radio appeal for all persons who were registered at the hotel Saturday night to report their whereabouts in order to facilitate the check of the missing persons. Coroner Leonard, who said the in quest would be held next week, as serted he believed the fire started in the basement under the hotel s cocktail lounge and fire escape and spread from there. Many Believed Away. Fire Chief Perry Kirch said he believed most of the persons un accounted for after the Are roared j through the 55-year-old building i early yesterday morning were per manent guests who were registered at the hotel, but had left for the week end. The hotel register listed 123 names, many of which were illegible be cause of water damage. The Red Cross said the missing probably in cluded the three unidentified dead. Chief Kirch said he expected to find “a few" more bodies in the piles of charred debris. ! The blaze, which apparent’.^! started in the basement, raced up I a partition separating the main j floor lobby and cocktail lounge and fanned out and upward quickly. N'o Estimate of Damage. Chief Kirch said there had been no attempt yet to estimate the property damage as the result of the fire, as all firemen had been en gaged entirely in searching the wreckage for more bodies. The blaze was fought for 2ts hours by 75 firemen and there were scenes of horror and heroism. Chief Kirch praised the work of civilians (See FIRE, Page A-5~7> Congress Is Sel For Case Bill Veto Tomorrow Truman Promises Message Whether Or Not He Signs It By the Associated Press President Truman told his congressional leaders today he would send a message to Con gress tomorrow on the Case la bor disputes bill, but apparently did not say whether he would veto or sign it. Speaker Rayburn told reporters after a 45-minute conference with the President at the White House:! "Whether it will be a veto or a message on approval we don’t know.” Reporters suggested that sending a message to Congress in connection with approval of the bill would be unusual. Mr. Rayburn replied that it is sometimes done. Mr. Rayburn also disclosed that the Administration leadership will try to get a rule in the House to send the President’s own emergency strike control proposal to a confer ence of the two houses this week. Each passed it in different form. “It is just a matter of awaiting action on the Case bill,” Mr. Rav burn said. Asked by reporters earlier whether the Case bill was brought up in the discussion with Mr. Truman. Sen ator Hill, Democrat, of Alabama, replied: “No sir, no sir, no sir.” Associates Expect Veto. Asked what they did talk about. Senator Hill replied, "Lots of things.’’ Senator Hill attended in place of Senator Barkley, the Democratic leader. Mr. Rayburn, who waited to talk! with reporters, said the President! did not say what action he con-! templated on the Case bill, and added, "he was not asked.’’ Meanwhile, close associates of the President said they expect him to! send a message to Congress tomor row vetoing the bill. White House intimates of the Chief Executive voiced this opinion privately, following two days of intensive study of the measure by the President and his advisers. None of these officials, however, would say positively that Mr. Tru man has decided against approving the legislation, which sets up new Federal mediation machinery and carries several sweeping regulations of union activity. They reported only that they have received ao indication the President will taka any but the the veto course. Mr. Truman gave up his usual week-end cruise on the Potomac and was reported completing work on the message. Not Likely to Be Overridden. If the President does reject the measure, most legislators say they *ibt that he will be overridden is would take a two-thirds vote of both the Senate and House. The legislation passed both chambers by a heavy vote, but not quite a two thirds majority. Supporters of the Case bill re ported privately they are consider ing two courses of action if Mr. Truman does decide on a veto. Under one plan they would try to attach the Case proposal, pretty much as it now stands, to the Pres ident’s own pending emergency strike control bill, and send it to him in one package. The latter measure is stuck in the Rules Com mittee and that group could recom mend such a step. The other plan is to modify the 'ase bill and send it right back to he White House. Sponsors of the neasure figure on taking that course only if there would be enough of it left after meeting the Presi dent’s objections, to make it worth while to them. The decision also will depend to some extent on the status then of the threatened maritime strike. The emergency bill has passed the House in the form asked by the President, giving him power to take over essential strike-bound in dustries and draft workers to run them. The Senate deleted the draft authority. If the maritime strike develops many legislators believe the Presi dent will want the emergency meas ure so badly he may be forced to accept other legislation with it, if necessary. "Fence" Held Part of Jewels Stolen in Reich, Army Reveals Durant Didn t Know Where Loot Was When He Was Seized ly th* Associated Press CHICAGO, June 10.—The Hes sian crown jewels, prize of the “greatest jewel robbery of mod ern times,” were in the hands of a “fence” when Col. Jack W. Durant and WAC Capt. Kathleen B. Durant were seized, the Army said today. Meanwhile, Maj. David F. Watson of Burlingame, Calif., was under arrest in Germany, although the Army refused to say whether he was the officer a previous announcement had said was being sought in connection with the jewel theft.) Maj. John D. Evans of Lincoln, Nebr., 6th Service Command pro vost marshal, related at a news conference that Col. Durant had no idea of where the jewels were when he was seized by military police in the La Salle Hotel last week. On Friday the colonel asked for permission to make a telephone call. Maj. Evans said the colonel talked to the "fence,” an underworld name for a dealer in stolen goods, and MAJ. DAVID F. WATSON. _—AP Wirephoto. was com to wait ror anotner tele-i phone call. One hour later, Maj. Evans con tinued, Col. Durant received a call at a restaurant and was informed the jewels had been hidden in a locker in the Illinois Central Rail road station. The caller gave Col. Durant instructions on where to find the key. Col. Durant and the military es (See JEWELS, Page A-6.) The Senate Prepares to Renew Control Over Prices D. C/s Lack of Cash Appears Chief Bar to Child-Care Centers 'Scraping Bottom of Barrel/ Senators Told After Hearing Witnesses Urge Program Lack of adequate District rev enues appeared today to be the principal barricade facing the House-passed bill for operation of the nursery and child day care centers as a part of the public school system. A long list of witnesses represent ing many groups enthusiastically supported the legislation at a hear ing today before the Senate District Committee. They won a favorable reaction from at least some mem bers of the committee. The Districts revenue problem, however, was brought pointedlv to the committees attention by Com missioner Guy Mason, who said: “The Commissioners still are op posed to the bill. We don't know where the money is coming from. Already the District is scraping tlje bottom of the barrel.” Senator Hoey, Democrat, of North Carolina, acting chairman of the committee, said a decision would be delayed until committee members could study the transcript of to day's session and the report of the Houge District Committee. In addi tion, he said, the committee would consult with members of the Senate Appropriations Committee to get their reaction to the revenue ques tion. The bill would authorize appropri ations out of District revenues of up to <500,000 annually to cover the cost of the program. Parents of children placed in the center would be' charged fees according to their abil ity to pay. During the hearing, Sen (Sce CHILD CARE, Page A-3.) Agriculture Officials Prepare to Enforce Anfi-UPWA Rider All Workers Must Deny Belonging to Any Union Asserting Strike Right By Joseph Young Acting to comply with the anti strike provision of its 1947 ap propriations bill, the Agriculture Department today disclosed that it is ready to dismiss by July 1 all employes who are members of unions asserting the right to strike against the Government. The rider, adopted by Senate House conferees on the Agriculture Department's appropriations bill, is aimed at the United Public Workers of America, CIO, which does not specifically bar its members from strikes against the Government. T. Roy Reed, personnel director of the Agriculture Department, said that each of the agency’s 83.000 employes will be required to sign an aflldavit stating that the worker does not belong to any union which’ asserts” the right to strike against the Federal Government. Those employes failing to sign the affidavit will be dismissed on July 1, it was said. "The rider stipulates that these' employes cannot be paid after July 1, and if passed there is nothing else we can do but not permit these people to work.” Mr. Reed said. ''We cannot allow them to stay on the job (See RIDER, Page A-3J Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE At New York— Detroit_ 105 00 — New York... 200 00 — Batteries—Trucks and Tebbetts; Gettel, Gumpert. Wirht and Robinson. At Boston— Cleveland .. 000 0 _ Boston . 000 3 — Batteries—Gromek and Lollar; Butland and H. Warner. St. Louis at Washington—8:30 P.M. Chicago at Philadelphia—8 P.M. NATIONAL LEAGUE At Chicago— Philadelphia 000 000 _ Chicago_ 400 00 — Batteries—Milnar. Manner and Semi niek; Borowy and McCullonrh. » At Pittsburgh— Boston_021 _ Pittsburgh . 01 — . —Wrirht and Mail; Roe and Salkeld. At Cincinnati— New York ..01 _ Cincinnati .1 _ Batteries—Schumacher and Cooper; An drew# and Lamanno. Brooklyn at St. Louis—8:30 P.M. Today's Home Runs American League Henrich, New York (1st), 1 on. Greenberg, Detroit (3d), 1 on. Blood worth, Detroit (3d), 1 on. York, Boston (4th), 2 on. National League Adams, Cincinnati (1st), 0 on. House Approves Bill To Boost Pay of D. C. Police and Firemen Amendment Excluding Retired Men From Benefits Withdrawn The House approved today a bill increasing by 14 per cent the salaries of policemen and fire men in the District. The meas ure goes to the Senate. The legislation was approved without debate after Chairman Mc Millan brought in a report from the House District Committee ex plaining that policemen and fire men here were not included in the pay raise for Federal employes re cently enacted by Congress. The report explained that the increase for these District employes is equiv alent to the pay raises granted other Federal workers. Included in the pay raise are ■ members of the Metropolitan, Park; and White House Police and of the : District Fire Department. Amendment Withdrawn. Mr. McMillan offered a commit tee amendment to the pay increase bill excluding from its benefits re tired policemen and firemen, but withdrew this amendment when Representative Bland, Democrat, of Virginia, objected. As passed the bill gives retired men the same benefits as those in active service. Mr. Bland explained afterward that he did not think the amendment was fair. The House also approved a bill tightening the local regulations to prevent the spread of contagious diseases. This bill allows the health au thorities to order the confinement of a person suffering from a com municable disease in a suitable in stitution or hospital. The District Committee's report pointed out that under existing law a person refusing to accept quaran tine or treatment may be fined or (See D. C. LEGISLATION, Pg. A-l) Stassen's Prestige And Prospects in '48 Hinge on Primary Former Governor Backs Thye in Senate Race Against Shipstead I By Gould Lincoln Star Staff Correspondent ST. PAUL, Minn., June 10.— Tied in with the results of the Republican primary elections in' Minnesota on July 8 for the nom inations of Senator and Gov ernor is the prestige of former Gov. Harold E. Stassen and his presidential prospects in 1948. The Stassen organization is back ing Gov. Thye in the senatorial race against Senator Shipstead, and Judge Luther Youngdahl in the gubernatorial race against Hjalmar Petersen. Gov. Thye and Judge Youngdahl are the candidates picked to run by Mr. Stassen and his friends, after Mr. Stassen decided not to run against Senator Shipstead himself. A defeat for these candidates, there fore, would be nearly as much of a blackeye for Mr. Stassen as if he had run and been defeated. , Dictatorship Charged. When Mr. Stassen determined not to run for the Senate and to put his friend Gov. Thye in the race, he laid himself wide open to a charge of ; "dictatorship.” which Senator Ship stead and Mr. Petersen immediately I broadcast. Indeed, Senator Shipstead is in some respects seeking to make the issue one between himself and Mr. Stassen rather than between him-, self and the very popular Gov. Thye. In a radio address to the Minnesota voters at the very outset of the campaign, Senator Shipstead brought the charge of bossism against Mr. Stassen, insisting that he. Senator Shipstead. had only one boss, the people of Minnesota. He insisted, too. that Mr. Stassen’s boss is a group of New York financiers, who knew the names of the candi dates selected by Mr. Stassen even before they were announced to the people of Minnesota. Expected Stassen to Run. “Of course." Mr. Shipstead con tinued. “I haa expected that my opponent would be Mr. Stassen himseif. He has raised the issue which since V-J day have given so many heartaches to our people. In all honesty, and if he had the cour age of his superstate conscience, Mr. Stassen should have met me in a legal election as provided by Min nesota lay. Unlike such prospective 1948 presidential possibilities as Gov. Dewey of New York, former Gov. Bricker of Ohio. Gov. Warren of California and Senator Vandenberg of Michigan—who dares to submit their records to the voters, of their States this year—Mr. Stassen choses not to run.” In a speech delivered Saturday night in support of Senator Ship stead, Arthur E. Nelson of St. Paul, former mayor and Senator, for a “short term.” adopted the same line of attack. He referred to the attempt to defeat Senator Shipstead as a (See LINCOLN, Page A-47) Alexandria Youth Is Killed With 22 Aboard Army Plane Staff Sergt. Walter P. Astryke, 21, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles S. Astryke, 16 Caton avenue, Alexan dria, was among 23 persons killed yesterday in the crash of an Army C-54 transport plane on Taboga Is land, 12 miles from Panama City, the Army announced today. Also killed were two West Point cadets, William S. Fisher, Gatun, Canal Zone, and John M. McGinnis, Balboa Heights, Canal Zone. An Army rescue party today re sumed the search for more bodies after recovering 19 from the wreck age before darkness halted activi ties, the Associated Press reported from Balboa. A native of Alexandria, Sergt. Astryke attended George Washing ton High School there before enter ing the Coast Artillery in March, 1943. After being stationed in Panama for 30 months, he was transferred to the United States military mis sion in La Paz, Bolivia. According to his father. Sergt. Astryke had been home on a 45 day furlough and left for Panama last Wednesday on the first leg of his trip back to Bolivia. His only brother, Staff Sergt. Charles G. Astryke, was killed in an automobile accident last October, the father said. The plane, which carried 17 pas sengers and six crew members, crashed on a mountainside on Ta boga Island while on a routine flight to Albrook Field, Canal Zone. It left West Palm Beach at 4:45 a.m. yesterday and struck the mountain at 11:13 a.m. Lt. Col. John S. Owens, deputy commander of Morrison Field, said the plane was manned by a picked crew. In addition to the crew of six, it carried 13 enlisted men, 1 Army colonel, 2 West Point cadets and 1 civilian. Col. Owens said the plane ex (See CRASH, Page A-2.) " Maritime Probe To Be Pushed by House Group Efforts to Avert Strike Appear Deadlocked, Kelley Declares Representative Kelley, Demo crat, of Pennsylvania today said he is going ahead with plans to work out a congressional solu tion of the maritime dispute now that o’ther Federal mediation at tempts appear deadlocked. Mr. Kelley, chairman of the sub committee on labor-management, said his group had held off hearings hoping the Labor Department could work out a settlement. "We had hoped for a settlement by tomorrow, but now that it looks like there will be nothing coming out of the Labor Department nego tiations we feel that we should get busy right away,” Mr. Kelley said. “The deadline for the strike Is getting right on us.” To Open Hearings Tomorrow. Seven unions affiliated with the CIO-dominated Committee for Mar itime Unity have set a strike date for midnight Friday in behalf of their demands, principally for a reduction in the present 56-hour work week for seamen. Mr. Kelley said his committee will open hearings tomorrow with testimony from either Joseph Cur ran, president of the CIO National Maritime Union, or Harry Bridges, head of the CIO : International Longshoreman's and Warehouse- • men’s Union. They are co-chair men of CMU. Another witness will be Joseph Selly, president of the CIO American Communications’ Association. Union preparations for the strike went into high gear today after the I National Maritime ^Union rejected | a proposal to give seamen shore leave with pay. Operators Accept Proposal. This suggestion first was put for ward by Labor Department concil iators as a possible way to break the deadlock over the length of the .work-week at sea. The idea was to give one day or Shore leave for every 14 days at sea, and keep the present 56-hour week— 8 hours a day. 7 days a week. Eastern ship operators accepted the suggestion last night and form ally offered it as a proposal in a negotiating session which lasted until after midnight. But the union, which is demand ing a 44-hour week, rejected the idea as "impractical," and then “proposed exploration of other ways of meeting its demands,” according to a Labor Department announce ment. •*. Last-Minute Accord Possible. Another session was scheduled ai 2 pm. today. r It became more likely that if the ; walkout is to be avoided at all, the settlement will come at the last moment. The strike of seamen and dock workers is scheduled at 12:01 a.m. Saturday, local time. ; Mr. Curran’s National Maritime Union served notice yesterday in a '■’strike policy’’ statement that un less ship operators offer a shorter : work wee£ the strike can’t be avoided. setting Up Soup Kitchens. Then the 40-man national council of the union, which unanimously approved the statement here, scat tered to their ports and began set ting up soup kitchens and taking other strike measures. "We are almost sure to hit the bricks Friday night,” said an officer of the union in Philadelphia, Thomas Carolan. ”We are not very hopeful of a settlement.” Today, in addition to the new negotiating session. Mr. Curran, Mr. Bridges and Mr. Sellv were to visit CIO President Philip Murray. They will report on the maritime dispute and probably ask for a CIO expres sion of support. Mr. Selly told a reporter he has been invited to testify at an open hearing before a House Labor Sub j committee tomorrow, and that either Mr Bridges or Mr. Curran also was expected to appear. The subcom mittee, investigating the maritime labor crisis, is headed by Repre sentative Kelley. Democrat.' of Penn sylvania. NMU Policy Statement. The policy statement by the NMU declared: 1. If the present attitude of the ship operators continues, the union acting jointly with the other unions in the CMU will have “no alterna tive” but to strike. 2. Mr. Curran's union rejects any suggestion of fact-finding, arbitra tion or interim agreements because they are only “schemes" used as "stalling tactics t» dissipate the energies of the workers.” 3. The union now is serving its demands—for a shorter workweek, (See MARITIME^Page A-5.) Marine Vehicles Fired On Near Chinese Airport By the Associated Press TIENTSIN, June 10.—Chinese government dispatches from Tsing tao today said several American Ma rine vehicles were fired on by un known persons last night as they" returned to Tsingtao airport. There were no reports of Marine casualties. The reports said Communists, violating the current 15-day truce, attacked a village 12 miles north of Tsingtao Saturday. They said the village is only 6 miles from a Marine base and that all American military personnel in the area were recalled from liberty, all units were alerted, and heavy guards were patrolling the airfield and city. Tito Back in Belgrade BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, June 10 (/P). —Marshal Tito returned to Bel grade today after two weeks of talk in Moscow with high Russian offi cials. Key Yugoslav government and military leaders accompanied Tito.