Newspaper Page Text
House Unit to Study
Demand for Inquiry Of Reds in U. S. Posts By Joseph Young The House Civil Service Com mittee will meet this week tc consider a demand by its rank ing minority leader. Representa tive Rees of Kansas, that thf committee use its own investiga five powers to open an immedi ate investigation of alleged Communistic activities in the Government, The Star learned last night. In a surprise move. Mr. Rees has asked the committee to exercise the little-used powers Congress granted to it several years ago for general investigative purposes. Until Mr. Rees asked the commit tee to act. it had appeared that he was completely stymied in his re quest that communistic activities in the Federal service be investi gated The resolution he has intro duced calling for Congress to authorize an investigation is buried in the Rules Committee with prac tically no chance that action will be taken on it before Congress adjourns. Funds Granted For Probe. However, Mr Rees recalled that the Civil Service Committee had been granted funds for investigation purposes several years ago he in formed the members of the group that this money could be used for his proposed study of Communists In Government. In a closed session. Mr. Rees told his colleagues that no further ap proval by Congress was necessary to start the inquiry. He said the committee could get the money to pay for an investigating staff and other expenses just by asking for it. Other members of the committee asked that the matter be put over until this week so that they could determine for themselves whether the committee still had its investi gative powers. Originally, Congress appropriated funds to the House Civil Service Committee for the purposes of in vestigating the Federal pay scale, wage inequities, over-staffing of Government payroll and other in equities in the Federal service. An investigative staff was formed and examined some of these problems, but its activities were dropped by the committee more than a year ago Subpoena Right Claimed. Mr. Rees contends that the House Civil Service Committee can utilize its investigative powers, including the right to subpoena, until the new Congress meets next year. The Kansan has' charged that there are numerous Federal em ployes who either belong to the Communist Party or follow the par ty line. He has accused the Civil Service Commission of failing to take steps to remove these people. The Commission denied Mr. Rees' charges, asserting it has done every thing under its legal authority to weed out Communists in the Gov ernment. Ruling May Force Board To Rehear Parole Cases As a result of a United States Court of Appeals ruling on Friday, attorneys believe the parole board may have to hold rehearings in some cases where paroles have been revoked. The Court of Appeals ruling af firmed a District Court ruling in the case of Edwin F. Tate. 66. which held that Tate was entitled to a hearing and representation by coun sel at a hearing before the parole board on the question of revocation of his parole. District Court Juaice Alexander Holtzoff made the ruling In Tate's case a habeas corpus pro cedure. In affirming Justice Holtzoff s de rision. the appellate court held, how ever. that the parole board would hot be required to provide counsel, but must permit counsel to attend a. hearing on the question ol parole ► revocation if counsel is provided by the parolee. Tate was paroled in 1943 after serving approximately 16 years of a 40-vear sentence for housebreak ing and larceny. His parole was revoked by the board because he allegedly left the District without permission of the board. In his ha A beas corpus petition, in which he % w-ps represented by Attorney John P. Mullen. Tate alleged he was given only a perfunctory hearing by the board, without counsel and that he was not allowed to call witnesses. Readers' Guide ^ Sunday. June 30, 1946. SECTION A. General News. Lost. Found. 0 Page A-3 ' Educational. Page A-16 Jessie Fant Evans Page A-16 Obituary. Page A-18 SECTION B. Sports and Financial. Sport News. Pages B-l-3 Stamps. Page B-4 Bridge. Page B-4 Junior Star. Page B-4 , Art. Page B_4 v Service Organizations. Page B-5 Veterans’ Guide Page B-5 Farm and Garden. Page B-5 Finance. Page* B-6-7 SECTION C. Editorial, Features, Amusements. Editorial Articles. Pages C-l-5 John Claggett Proctor. Page C-2 Book Reviews. Page C-3 Crossword Puzzle. Page C-3 Editorials. Page C-4 Amusements. Pages C-6-7 • Music. Page C-7 Radio Programs. Page C-8 Civic News. Page C-8 * SECTION D. Society, Women's Clubs. Society News. Pages D-l-14 Resorts. Pages D-10-11 V SECTION E. Classified Advertising. Classified Advertising. Page* E-l-12 Where to Go. Page E-12 This edition contains This Week Magazine of 16 pages, a iO-page comic section and 12 pages of rotogravure. \ Circulation, May, 1946 (Average net paid.) The Evening Star--214,078 The Sunday Star....227,265 <86 8% In tht^Cit? and Tradini Arcs.) Ministers Postpone Decision on Byrnes' Peace Parley Demand By th« Associated Press PARIS, June 29. — The four power foreign ministers tonight postponed a decision on a gen eral European peace conference i and pondered a new compromise proposal on the disputed port of Trieste which French sources said might break the conference deadlock, but which American quarters declared could not be seriously considered. The compromise Trieste plan, sub mitted by French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, calls for estab lishing Trieste as an autonomous region under international guidance for 10 years, French sources said. ! At the end of that time, the Big ; Four would re-examine the prob i lem. making a new decision if I deemed wise or referring the mat j W to the United Nations. Both ! Italy and Yugoslavia have demanded j Trieste outright. I French informants said Soviet ; Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov ac 1 cepted the Bidault proposal "in principle" as a "basis for discussion ’ with certain reservations. These were that the autonomous reRime should be permanent instead of for only 10 years and that other in terested nations, such as Czecho slovakia, be represented on the gov ernment board. Americans who attended the meeting, however, described the plan as too complicated and added that it would solve nothing. They insisted that no indication had been given that any of the ministers would accept the plan. British in formants said only that their group was "studying” it. Enunciates lT. S. Policy. In a session lasting more than four hours, the ministers reached no agreement on Secretary of State Byrnes' demands to call the 21 nation peace parley, and postponed action over the week end, Ameri can informants said. Mr. Byrnes declared yesterday he wanted a straight “yes or no” answer from the ministers today. American sources said Mr. Byrnes, in effect, enunciated the United States' foreign policy when he listed the reasons for calling a general peace conference soon, and then called for a vote on holding a con ference. Both Mr. Bidault and British For eign Secretary Ernest Bevin voted affirmatively. Mr. Molotov voted no. Mr. Byrnes, it was said, then re marked that the world now knows where the veto stands. Mr. Molotov replied, the Ameri can informants said, that he might be able to make a decision concern- t ing a peace conference in two or three days. The council then adjourned until] Monday and the agenda for that day includes the question of Italian colonies. Trieste, the peace confer ence, and German problems. Danube Commerce Discussed. In today's session, the ministers discussed freedom of commerce on the Danube River. Italian repara tions, units of the Italian Navy to be included in Italian reparations and the countries to which they would be awarded. In outlining his demands for a peace conference, Mr. Byrnes said the American view at the Potsdam conference was that the then pro posed Foreign Ministers Council was to be instructed to make and not obstruct, peace. The ministers were to do the spade work on peace treaties, and not provided the finished product for other nations to rubber stamp wdth their approval. Conditions last September delayed the start of the preliminary work on the conference, but during the Moscow conference. American sources quoted Mr. Byrnes as saying,1 the representatives of 21 nations were informed they would be invited to a peace conference on May 1. 1946, when it was expected that the preparation of treaty drafts would be completed. May 1 meant May 1. Mr. Byrnes w'as quoted as declaring, but the 21 nations have been waiting for an invitation since that time, and the United States was becoming un happy over the situation. In fact. Byrnes said, his country no longer was willing to remain in that situation. Debate Extremely Bitter. French sources said the Byrnes Molotov debate on the peace confer ence was conducted on extremely bitter terms. Mr. Byrnes asked that Mr. Bi dault. as host minister, be empow ered to invite the nations to a peace conference not later than July 20. Previously Mr. Byrnes had asked that the conference be con voked beginning on July 15. If the conference is not held by July 20, Mr. Byrnes said, the par ticipating governments will not have time to send representatives before fhe United Nations General Assembly meets in September. The American secretary put di rectly to Mr. Molotov the question of what, specifically, had to be dis cussed by the ministers before a conference date could be set, but Mr. Molotov did not answer. French sources said Mr. Bidault sought to turn the heated debate aside by raising the question of Monday's agenda. Red Cross Issues Warning On Unauthorized Solicitors A warning against unauthorized funds solicitation on behalf of the Red Cross has been issued by Nat C. Wilson, mananger of the District of Columbia Chapter. "It has come to our attention that there recently has been such un authorized soliciting in the midtown area in the name of the Red Cross •to send veterans to Florida.' ” Mr. Wilson said. "We want the public, which supported us so generously during our March fund drive, to know that any such plea for funds is without our knowledge or per mission.’ Mr. Wilson said the chapter's home service department will be closed hereafter on Saturdays and Sundays. The department, located on the ground floor of the Corcoran Gallery of Art. will be open from 9 a m. to 5 p.m. other days, ■""■l 1 1 9 a complete real estate service since 1906 IShANNON t-IUCHgl ISOSHSt.N.W. NA.2343 I Text of Truman Broadcast on Price Control * Following is the text of Presi dent Truman's radio address last night: My fellow countrymen: The crucial situation which con fronts our country requires that I report to the people this evening. Today I returned to the Congress without my approval the extension of the Price Control Law which it presented to me for my signature. I returned it with a long message stating my reasons. I hope that you Will all read that message in your i newspapers. I assure you. my fellow country men, that before I vetoed this bill 11 gave the subject long days and ! nights of consideration. i con sulted with practically every top official in the Government. Either personally or through representa tives I obtained the views of people in agriculture, industry and labor, as well as many others. inflation Dangers Hied. You have all heard a great deal about inflation. Its seriousness can not be over estimated. It would affect every individual in our coun try. Inflation would cause an in crease in the price of every article you buy. As prices soared with in flation, your money would buy fewer and fewer of the necessities of life. Your savings, your insurance, your war bonds—all would decrease in value. For five years we have proved to this country and to the world that inflation can be prevented. Those of you who remember the first World War will recall the wild in flation and the collapse that fol lowed. You will remember how farmers were ruined, how business men went bankrupt, how wage earn, ers suffered. This time we have succeeded in preventing such a ca | lamity. We have done this largely through price control. It was not done by a miracle. It was done because the American people had the wisdom and the courage |nd the restraint to know that they had to submit to restrictions and controls or be over come by the force of inflation. We must continue to prevent inflation. This is as important now and in the months to come as it was during the war. Time and again I have stated and restated this proposi tion. Wanted to Sign Bill. I wanted to sign a price control bill. I gave this bill long and care ful study. I came to the conclusion that the bill which the Congress sent me was no price control bill at all. It gave you no protection against higher and higher prices. Having reached that conclusion. I was faced with these alternatives. 11 could sign the bill on the plea ' which had been made to me that for the immediate present at least, jit might be a little better than noth | ing. Or I could disapprove the bill, and call upon the Congress to give the American people a real, work- i able price control law. If I had taken the first’ course and signed the bill. I would have encouraged the false impression ' that you were£oing to be protected ! for the next fear against excessive ! price increases. But, sooner or later, all of you would have awak- I ened to a bitter realization of the | truth. You wouUi have soon begun | to see thousands and thousands of price increases, adding billions and i billions of dollars to our cost of living. It is hard to see how people I could continue to pay higher and higher prices without requiring higher W'ages or salaries. The tre mendous advances that we have made toward the settlement of labor-management disputes over wages would have been wiped out. The mad chase to inflation would! soon have been under way. Took Second Alternative. I could not permit that to happen. I took the second alternative.! knowing full well all the dangers which would come with it. I knew i that there was danger that the I j Congress might not pass a resolu tion which would give, us some kind of protection after midnight tomor I row when the present price control : law ends. I knew, therefore, that | it was very possible that for a few davs at least, we might be without any price control law. I could not bring myself to be lieve. however, that the representa tives of the American people—your Senators and Representatives in the Congress—would permit such a con dition to continue long. And I was sure that when this issue was pre sented to the American people and to the Congress there could be only one answer. That answer is that the Congress should immediately pass a resolution continuing pres ent price and rent controls until the Congress can pass a workable bill. It would have been much easier for me to sign this bill. But the American peonle would have soon I realized that real price control was I at an end in spite of the law. If ! I had signed the bill the people wxuld have seen their prices going up. day by day. You would have realized soon that the bill which had been passed and called a price control law was not price control at all. Warns of Disaster. What I have done is to call a spade a spade. I must now rely upon the American people and upon a, Datriotic and co-operative Con gress to protect us all from the great pressures now upon us. lead-1 ing as to disastrous inflation unless we have the means to resist them. I know' how weary you ail are of these restrictions and controls. I am also weary of them. I spend a good deal of my time listening to complaints. I know how eager every one of you is for the day when you can run your own affairs in your own way as you did before the war. I know, therefore, how strong the temptation is to remove too quickly the safeguards which we have built up for ourselves and our children. The bill w'hich the Congress sent me yielded to that temptation, i It is certainly most unfortunate I that the Congress kept delaying and I--- ! Nice Selection TOPCOATS FOR fALL 531* • ALL-V/OOL S5.00 Deoosit ! Will \ay aside for October FREDERICK’S Men’t Wear Storei ; 1435 H ST. N.W. 701 H ST. N.E. lf.E. Store Open Eremnra "HI • -1 delaying action on this bill for so many months when they knew that the price control law was going to expire tomorrow. Congress* Delay Cited. I am sure that all of you know of the efforts which I made to get the Congress to act on a price con trol extension far in advance of the date when the old law was going to expire. As far back as Septem ber last year, in a message to the Congress, I urged it to pass an extension of the Price Control Act at an early date. I did not rest with that message of last Septem ber. In later communications to the Congress. I repeated my request four times to extend price control. In addition to these direct com munications, I stated publicly many times how important it was to our safety that a price control exten sion bill should be passed right away. But I could not persuade the Con gress to act. Instead, just two days before the expiration of all price control this impassible bill was sent to me. In my veto, message to the Con gress. which I sent this morning, I discussed the various provisions of the bill. I do not have time this evening to comment on all the provisions of the bill. There are many ob jections to it, but my most funda mental objection is to the price raising amendment for manufac turers which was introduced by Senator Taft. Bams at lait Amendment. Under this amendment there would be thousands of needless price increases amounting to many bil lions of dollars. The Taft amend ment provides that the manufactur er shall receive for each article the profit w'hich he made on that article in 1941 and that he may add to the 1941 selling price all in creases in cost which have occurred since that time. In 1941 the manu facturer received a much greater profit out of each dollar of sales than at any time in the five pre ceding years or in any of the five following wartime years. In fact, profit margins in 1941 were 50 per cent greater than in the banner year 1929. Volume of sales is much greater today than in 1941, so that manu facturers would have received a bonanza. In addition, Senator Tafts fellow Republicans, Senator Wherry and Representative Craw ford, put amendments into the bill which made sure that not only would the manufacturers’ price in creases be borne by the public but that such increases would be pyra mided by generous wholesalers' and retailers' markups. As you sit in your homes this eve ning your interest in this bill and my interest in this bill are exactly the same. The question is: What effect would this bill have had on you—the people of our country. Ample Profits Desired. I believe in the profit system and desire that profits should be ample to provide the incentive for full production. The Taft amendment, however, provides for higher prices and higher profits even where pro duction is already going at full blast and profits are whollv satis factory. | We have been through five dif ficult years W’e are looking for ward to buying the things we neetf Let us examine this problem to getncr. Do you need a new low-priced au tomobile? If so. what effect would the Taft amendment have had on the price ol your new car? It would have increased immediately the prices of the popular makes of au tomobiles by *225 to *250 per car. Are you a veteran planning to build a nome for yourself and family?! The Taft amendment would have added immediatelv a minimum of 20 per cent to the. cost of your building materials. The program recently approved by the Congress to provide veterans' housing at rea sonable cost would have been com pletely disrupted by this Taft! amendment. Are you a housewife who has been waiting for years for that new washing machine or refrigerator? The Taft amendment would have made it cost one-third more right away. Clothing Price# Cited. Ate you faced with the respon sibility of clothing your family? Under the Taft and other amend ments the already high clothing prices would have been Increased 15 per cent right away. For clothing alone the American people would have paid at least three billion dollars more a year. Are you in a business in which you need to buy steel? The price of eteel would have gone up undpr the Taft amendment between four and eight dollars per ton right away. Are you a farmer? Under this bill the price of farm machinery would have gone up 13 per cent right away. Those are only a few examples of the first round of increases the Tait amendment would bring. But that is only the beginning. Price increases in one industry are cost increases in another. By the time, for example/ that the automobile industry had got its Taft increase based on present costs, it would be hit by the Taft increases in steel, tires, safety glass, and other ma terials. So automobiles would go up still more. Increases Endless. In this way increase would fol low increase. The bill had no stop ping place in it. In addition, these increases would have been passed right down the line. You, the consumer, would pay it all. All of us agree that what this country needs is production. Pro duction brings jobs, good wages, DINE AT AIR-CON DIT ION ED VENEZIA Come and enjoy delicious, home style cookers’. Fifteen tons of COOL, PURE. HEALTHY AIR is circulated by three 5-ton self i contained units. Temperature 1 just right, without humidity. Sunday Dinner Special ' Fried Young Chicken Vanazia-styla with Noodlas I Chocolate Boston Cream fie 1356 CONNECTICUT AVE. -1 ' . moderate prices. Perhaps the most vicious effect of the Taft amend ment would be to slow up produc tion. The onlv possible Justification urged for all these Taft price in creases is the claim that they are necessary to encourage production. Even if they did encourage produc tion. that would still be a terrific price to pay for that increased pro duction—a price measured in suf fering and distress among people of moderate and low incomes. The fact is, however, that pro duction would not be stimulated by the Taft amendment, but would be greatly impeded. Nobody wants to sell his goods this we^k if he can grt a better price for them next week. This is no mere theory. You have seen it working day after day for the last month or so, as people began to believe that price control might soon come to an end. Holding For Higher Price*. People who had cattle and hogs to sell for slaughter for food have decided to hold them for higher prices. People who had clothing for sale have decided to do the same thing. So have people with innumerable other commodities which we all need so badly now. Incidentally. I have asked the Attorney General to make.an in vestigation of some of the factors Involved in our present shortages to determine whether anyone is criminally responsible for them and to place the responsibility where It belongs. These Instances of witholding goods from the consumer would be multiplied thousands of times under the Taft Amendment. Production and deliveries would be slowed down waiting for price Increases. This would create bottlenecks of essential materials and essential parts which would bring production lines to a halt. By the time they started up again there would be new applications for price increases and additional waiting for greater profits. Labor would be penalized by loss of employment. Consumers would be penalized by lack of goods and ever rising prices. Farmers would be penalized by higher prices for what they buy and reduced markets for the things they sell. Wouldn't Aid Production. It is a cruel jest to sav that the Taft Amendment would aid pro duction. As I also pointed out this morning In my veto message, the Taft Amendment would wholly de stroy our program of wage stabiliza tion which has been built up since V-J Day. It- would destroy the use fulness of the Wage Stabilization Board. The result would be the begin ning of an inevitable spiral of un controlled inflation—a race be tween rising wages and rising prices. Far-sighted leaders of both labor and management know that nothing can be gained—and every thing lost—by simply letting prices and wages chase each other. Despite the total impossibility of stabilizing other prices under this bill, I would have hesitated to dis approve it if I had thought it gave some real protection against soar ing food prices and rents. We have learned, however, that higher prices for the things that farmers and landlords buy. would inevitably force up food prices'and rants: In both instances, serious increases would be forced upon us by the hard facts of business and economic*. Present* Facta. I realize that the great majority of our people do not have the facts and figures that must be considered in order to know what a bill like this would do. That is why I am speaking to you this evening. You are entitled to have the facts be fore you. I want to make clear that mv! decision to veto this bill does not ! mean any lack of appreciation of! the sincere and tireless efforts of the leaders and many other mem bers of the Senate and the House of Representatives to pass a work-1 able price-control bill. I know that manv members of both houses who voted for the bill which was sent to me did so with regret and onlv because they had. at that time, no opportunity to vote for a good bill. Now every member has a clear-cut opportunity to show whether or! not he wants effective price controls. I have submitted to the Congress in my veto message a plan for price control legislation for the compara tively short period of time that it is still needed. The will of the peo ple is still the supreme law of our land. Your determination to retain price controls and so prevent infla tion must be made known to the Congress. The Congress is the only branch of our Government which has the power to pass a law provid ing for proper price control. Legal Restraints Lacking. Now because of congressional de lay we are faced with a brief period in which legal restraints on price increases will be lacking. I have urged the Congress to act imme diately and to adopt the kind of bill which can be made to work. But. in the event of delay, I know that the United States can depend upon the patriotism and good sense of its citizens. Therefore, I call upon even’ businessman, every pro ducer and every landlord to adhere to existing regulations, even though for a short period they mav not have the effect of law. it would be contrary to their own interest to embark upon a reckless period of in flation. It is to their own interest to exercise self-restraint until some action can be obtained from the Congress. I also request every employe of the OPA to stay at his battle sta tion. The fight is not over. I am counting on all employes of the OPA to continue to serve in the future as they have in the past and to finish the job. I urge these loyal British Hold Scores As Curfew Is Lifted In Most of Palestine By th« AisocicUd Pres* JERUSALEM, June 30 (Sun day).—The British early today began lifting the 18-hour cur few, imposed at dawn yesterday, which at one time held more than 75 per cent of Palestine’s 500,000 Jews under virtual house arrest as British troops clamped a tight military siege over the Holy Land “to end the state of anarchy.” * The ban was removed from all of Tel Aviv and most of Jerusalem. Unconfirmed reports said five per sons were killed in various Jewish settlements during the day and that scores of persons were injured, in cluding 20 in the Yagur settlement near Jerusalem where Jewish re sistance was described as particu larly fierce. The deaths of a Brit ish soldier and one Jew were re ported officially. 1,000 Caught in Dragnet. The curfew' was put in force Just as soldiers and police struck swiftly at daybreak in an effort to end a series of disorders which have spread widely over Palestine in the past two weeks. While in force, it was estimated that the house ar rest confined 200.000 Jews to their homes in Tel Aviv. 70.000 in Jeru salem, 30.000 in Haifa and many other thousands in rural areas. The British dragnet took in at least 1,000 Jews who were detained and Questioned. Although most of them later were released, scores were held for further action. Among those held were high officials of the Jewish Agency, including Moshe Shertok, head of the agency * po litical department, and Dr. Bernard Joseph, an agency executive com mitteeman. Jewish agency head quarters buildings were seised. Despite the violent events of the day, quiet which fell over the Holy Land at* dusk, was broken in the large cities only by the occasional rumble of military truck* through the streets. Palestine communica tions were partly "blacked out” dui - ing the day and the nation W'as isolated at times from the rest of the world. «** UM at One Town. An official statement aaid troops met "considerable resistance" at Ya gur. which "had to be overcome” by the use of tear gas. A cache of arms, including 20 rifles and 30,000 bullets, was found at Yagur, the statement said. British officials accused the Jew ish agency, a recognized Jewish su pervisory body, of complicity in recent disorders and killings. (A British Foreign Office spokesman said last night in London that the British govern ment notified American Ambas sador W. Averell Harriman on June 19 that it would take "coun ter measures" to eliminate dis order in Palestine. Mr. Harri man was not available for comment. (The State Department an nounced later that it knew noth ing in advance about the British raid on Jewish Agency headquar ters in Palestine. (Regarding the actual British activities, the State Department said it did not have sufficient information to enable it to make any comment. (The department said It “re ceived no information Until after the raid apparently had taken place.-' It added that it was in formed by the British Embassy here yesterday that the raid was planned for early yesteaday morning.) Kept From Synagogues. Almost the entire Jewish popula tion of Palestine was kept from attending synagogue services yes terday. and a few who attended early service* were picked up as curfew violators as they left the temples. Soldiers blasted open safes and seized more than a thousand docu ments in Tel Aviv. Glass littered the streets and walls of buildings were destroyed by explosives used to open strong boxes. The damaged buildings included two or three Jew ish banks and the Jewish Agency's sub-headquarters. . Raiding police and troops cut telephone line* isolating areas to be searched for illegal weapons. All motor traffic was prohibited in Galilee. Haifa, Samaria. Lydda and in Jerusalem except in the sub districts of Nablus and Janln, which are principally Arab. (In London the political de partment of the Jewish Agency said the British sction was a ‘‘clear act of aggression” designed to destroy “both the achieve ments and aspirations of the Jewish people” and declared the charge that the Jewish Agency civil servants and the thousands of volunteers who are giving their time to make price control a success, to see this fight through. And, finally, my fellow citizens, I say to you that we as a nation have it within our hands to make this postwar period an era of the great- ] est opportunity and prosperity in our nation's history. But if short sightedness and impatience, if par tisanship and greed, are allowed to triumph over the efforts to main tain economic stability, this grand opportunity will have been sacrificed. That must not happen. With your help and understand ing it will not happen. WE MANUFACTURE OUR OWN custom built VENETIAN BUNDS In Washington Call our plant for estimates PROMPT DELIVERY Blinds made of your choice in Steel, Wood, and Aluminum Slats to fit your windows perfectly. Southern Venetian Blind Co. Wf ARE THE ONLY VENETIAN BLIND MANUFACTURER IN WASHINGTON Phene A Dam. 5400 e 2251 9th St. N.W. j was Involved in acts of violence was false. It asserted the Jew* "will continue to struggle."> Britain cracked down after Pales tine, long the disputed land of the Jews and Arabs, * had seethed in growing tension for many weeks while both factions awaited accept-1 ance or rejection of the British American committee's recommenda tions for admission of 100,000 Jews into Palestine. Dr. Chaim Weizmann, world pres ident of the Jewish Agency, was re ported en route under armed guard from Rehoveth to Jerusalem for an interview w'ith Sir Alan Cunning ham, high commissioner of Palestine.! Sir John Shaw, chiif secretary of the Palestine government, said the drive was intended “to ^pd the state' of anarchy existing in Palestine and to enable law-abiding citizens to pursue their normal avocations with out fear of being kidnapped, mur dered or blown up.” He announced that a “rudimen tary form” of censorship would be imposed on all press dispatches for i the first 24 hours “to insure that the essentials of honesty are com plied with.” Shaw,' declared “I hope it won't be necessary to interfere with cor respondents’ telegrams, but while the news is sketchy, we wish to guard against incomplete and in accurate reports.” Clear Act of Aggression Charged by Jewish Agency LONDON, June 29 i/pi.—A state ment by the London Political De partment of the Jewish Agency for Palestine said today: "Action by His Majesty's govern ment in arresting members of the Jewish Agency executive and trying by force to render the Jewish com munity of Palestine defenseless is a clear act of aggression against the Jewish people, "To present this action as directed! only against a small group in the Jewish community of Palestine is as misleading as the statement that the Jewish Agency is involved in acts of violence is false. "The Jewish community of Pal estine cannot give up its right to self-defense; it cannot entrust its fate into the hands of an adminis tration which, according to the Royal Commission for Palestine, has failed to discharge the 'elementary1 duty of providing public security.’! "This provocative action is the culmination,of a policy of violating obligations undertaken by Great Britain under the mandate. It is an effort by the British government to divert public attention from its policy of barring the doors of Pales tine to the remnants of Hitler's ex termination campaign. It is de signed to destroy both the achieve ments and the aspirations of the Jewish people in Palestine and could only have been adopted in order to appease the Mufti, who has once more been allowed to escape to freedom, and on the advice of his Arab and British friends in the Middle East. "The Jewish people and its leaders will not be intimidated and will continue the struggle for the right of Jews to enter their home land and live as a free and inde pendent nation in the Jewish State." Rabbis Say British Declare War Against Jewish People NEW YORK, June 29 (JP).-Drs. Abba Hillel Silver and Stephen S. Wise, co-chairmen of the American Zionist Emergency Council, declared today that British arrests of Jewish Agency executive members in Pales tine constituted "an act of war against the Jewish people." "It is clear that this treachery • * * was conceived on the highest political level in an attempt to liquidate the Jewish national home," they said in a statement. The statement said a message had been sent to President Truman and the State Department "inquiring as to the accuracy" of* a British announcement that the United States had been told of tha decision to make the arrests. PARIS. June 29 i/Pi.—The Central Committee of Liberated Jews in Germany, representing more than 60.000 Jews in German camps who want to migrate to Palestifie. sent a message to Secretary of State Byrnes tonight protesting what it called "acts of aggression and new provocations" against the Jews in Palestine. 1 Democrats Give Rash Radio Director Post Bryson B. Rash, director of spe cial features for Station WMAL and White House correspondent of the American Broadcasting Co,, has oeen appointed radio director of the Democratic National Com mittee, it was announced yes terday by Chair man Robert E. Hannegan. Mr. Rash has been granted a leave of absence from his regular duties to handle the committee’s radio activities for the fall con gressional elec tion campaigns. Bryson B. Rash During long service as announcer, he made a number of trips with President Roosevelt. He covered both the Democratic and Republi can national conventions in 1944. A native of Los Angeles, Mr. Rash entered the radio industry in 1925 with Station KMOX. St. Louis. After a period with Station WLW, Cincinnati, he came to Washington in 1936 to join the Columbia Broad casting System. Later, he became chief announcer for the National Broadcasting Co. here. CAB Hears Proposal For Air Fares Cut Nineteen daily round trip “day coach" flights at 3>a cents a mile connecting Washington with 20 southern cities were proposed yes terday by V. P. Conroy, vice presi dent of Atlantic Airlines at a Civil Aeronautics Board hearing. Mr. Conroy said the company's proposed service was more than 2 cents less per mile than that charged now by any certificated car rier in that area. “With our pro posed fare. Atlantic Airlines will be able to transport the flying public at approximately 50 per cent less than any airline in operation any where in the country.” he said. The fare covers “co-ordinated” bus operation by the airline which would serve communities within a 75-mile radius of the airports, he stated. Earlier in the hearing, S. J. Solo mon, president of the airline, ex plained the “day coach" type of operation meant that no meals would be served in flight, there would be no stewardesses and pas sengers would handle their own baggage most of the time. Mr. Solomon stressed the point that the flying public was more interested in getting where they were going than in the luxury of the service that got them there. Atlantic Airlines’ representatives appeared tfefore the CAB to present their proposal to connect Washing ton with New Orleans via Atlanta and 18 other southern cities at the new low rate. Summer Schedule Effective In District Court Tomorrow District Court will start tomorrow on its reduced summer schedule. During July and September there are to be only two justices on duty at a time and only one during Au gust. An exception will be In force to morrow. however, with Justice Henry A. Schweinhaut sitting until com pletion of the trial of James R. Mc Cullen, 31. on a criminal assault charge. McCullen is accused of criminally assaulting a 25-year-old woman art student May 16 in his room in the Corcoran Gallery of Art, where he formerly served as a guard and watchman. Justices regularly assigned for the first two weeks in July are Justice T. Alan GoldsbQj-ough. who will sit in motions branch, and Justice James W. Morris, who will preside at trial of criminal cases. Other District Court justices are to take turns in presiding through the summer. D NCING • fox Trot • Wolts • Jitterbug • Tenge • Samba • Rumba COURSES LOW A5 today . . . Hove the of your ^B ^B ^B your next party! Phone 1818, ^B ^B ^B or come to the Studio. Open 11 'til 10 p.m. ^B_^P I^nMART'NIT°RIG'NAT0R 0F THE CHAIN DANCE I StHOOk. IDEA—has taught thousands of individuals through- I •at the U. 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