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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 30, 1946, Image 2

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House Unit to Study
Demand for Inquiry
Of Reds in U. S. Posts
By Joseph Young
The House Civil Service Com
mittee will meet this week tc
consider a demand by its rank
ing minority leader. Representa
tive Rees of Kansas, that thf
committee use its own investiga
five powers to open an immedi
ate investigation of alleged
Communistic activities in the
Government, The Star learned
last night.
In a surprise move. Mr. Rees has
asked the committee to exercise the
little-used powers Congress granted
to it several years ago for general
investigative purposes.
Until Mr. Rees asked the commit
tee to act. it had appeared that he
was completely stymied in his re
quest that communistic activities
in the Federal service be investi
gated The resolution he has intro
duced calling for Congress to
authorize an investigation is buried
in the Rules Committee with prac
tically no chance that action will
be taken on it before Congress
adjourns.
Funds Granted For Probe.
However, Mr Rees recalled that
the Civil Service Committee had
been granted funds for investigation
purposes several years ago he in
formed the members of the group
that this money could be used for
his proposed study of Communists
In Government.
In a closed session. Mr. Rees told
his colleagues that no further ap
proval by Congress was necessary
to start the inquiry. He said the
committee could get the money to
pay for an investigating staff and
other expenses just by asking for it.
Other members of the committee
asked that the matter be put over
until this week so that they could
determine for themselves whether
the committee still had its investi
gative powers.
Originally, Congress appropriated
funds to the House Civil Service
Committee for the purposes of in
vestigating the Federal pay scale,
wage inequities, over-staffing of
Government payroll and other in
equities in the Federal service. An
investigative staff was formed and
examined some of these problems,
but its activities were dropped by
the committee more than a year ago
Subpoena Right Claimed.
Mr. Rees contends that the House
Civil Service Committee can utilize
its investigative powers, including
the right to subpoena, until the new
Congress meets next year.
The Kansan has' charged that
there are numerous Federal em
ployes who either belong to the
Communist Party or follow the par
ty line. He has accused the Civil
Service Commission of failing to
take steps to remove these people.
The Commission denied Mr. Rees'
charges, asserting it has done every
thing under its legal authority to
weed out Communists in the Gov
ernment.
Ruling May Force Board
To Rehear Parole Cases
As a result of a United States
Court of Appeals ruling on Friday,
attorneys believe the parole board
may have to hold rehearings in
some cases where paroles have been
revoked.
The Court of Appeals ruling af
firmed a District Court ruling in the
case of Edwin F. Tate. 66. which
held that Tate was entitled to a
hearing and representation by coun
sel at a hearing before the parole
board on the question of revocation
of his parole. District Court Juaice
Alexander Holtzoff made the ruling
In Tate's case a habeas corpus pro
cedure.
In affirming Justice Holtzoff s de
rision. the appellate court held, how
ever. that the parole board would
hot be required to provide counsel,
but must permit counsel to attend a.
hearing on the question ol parole
► revocation if counsel is provided
by the parolee.
Tate was paroled in 1943 after
serving approximately 16 years of
a 40-vear sentence for housebreak
ing and larceny. His parole was
revoked by the board because he
allegedly left the District without
permission of the board. In his ha
A beas corpus petition, in which he
% w-ps represented by Attorney John
P. Mullen. Tate alleged he was given
only a perfunctory hearing by the
board, without counsel and that he
was not allowed to call witnesses.
Readers' Guide
^ Sunday. June 30, 1946.
SECTION A.
General News.
Lost. Found. 0 Page A-3
' Educational. Page A-16
Jessie Fant Evans Page A-16
Obituary. Page A-18
SECTION B.
Sports and Financial.
Sport News. Pages B-l-3
Stamps. Page B-4
Bridge. Page B-4
Junior Star. Page B-4
, Art. Page B_4
v Service Organizations. Page B-5
Veterans’ Guide Page B-5
Farm and Garden. Page B-5
Finance. Page* B-6-7
SECTION C.
Editorial, Features, Amusements.
Editorial Articles. Pages C-l-5
John Claggett Proctor. Page C-2
Book Reviews. Page C-3
Crossword Puzzle. Page C-3
Editorials. Page C-4
Amusements. Pages C-6-7
• Music. Page C-7
Radio Programs. Page C-8
Civic News. Page C-8
* SECTION D.
Society, Women's Clubs.
Society News. Pages D-l-14
Resorts. Pages D-10-11
V SECTION E.
Classified Advertising.
Classified Advertising. Page* E-l-12
Where to Go. Page E-12
This edition contains This
Week Magazine of 16 pages, a
iO-page comic section and 12
pages of rotogravure.
\ Circulation, May, 1946
(Average net paid.)
The Evening Star--214,078
The Sunday Star....227,265
<86 8% In tht^Cit? and Tradini Arcs.)
Ministers Postpone
Decision on Byrnes'
Peace Parley Demand
By th« Associated Press
PARIS, June 29. — The four
power foreign ministers tonight
postponed a decision on a gen
eral European peace conference
i and pondered a new compromise
proposal on the disputed port of
Trieste which French sources
said might break the conference
deadlock, but which American
quarters declared could not be
seriously considered.
The compromise Trieste plan, sub
mitted by French Foreign Minister
Georges Bidault, calls for estab
lishing Trieste as an autonomous
region under international guidance
for 10 years, French sources said.
! At the end of that time, the Big
; Four would re-examine the prob
i lem. making a new decision if
I deemed wise or referring the mat
j W to the United Nations. Both
! Italy and Yugoslavia have demanded
j Trieste outright.
I French informants said Soviet
; Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov ac
1 cepted the Bidault proposal "in
principle" as a "basis for discussion ’
with certain reservations. These
were that the autonomous reRime
should be permanent instead of for
only 10 years and that other in
terested nations, such as Czecho
slovakia, be represented on the gov
ernment board.
Americans who attended the
meeting, however, described the
plan as too complicated and added
that it would solve nothing. They
insisted that no indication had been
given that any of the ministers
would accept the plan. British in
formants said only that their group
was "studying” it.
Enunciates lT. S. Policy.
In a session lasting more than
four hours, the ministers reached
no agreement on Secretary of State
Byrnes' demands to call the 21
nation peace parley, and postponed
action over the week end, Ameri
can informants said. Mr. Byrnes
declared yesterday he wanted a
straight “yes or no” answer from
the ministers today.
American sources said Mr. Byrnes,
in effect, enunciated the United
States' foreign policy when he listed
the reasons for calling a general
peace conference soon, and then
called for a vote on holding a con
ference.
Both Mr. Bidault and British For
eign Secretary Ernest Bevin voted
affirmatively. Mr. Molotov voted
no.
Mr. Byrnes, it was said, then re
marked that the world now knows
where the veto stands.
Mr. Molotov replied, the Ameri
can informants said, that he might
be able to make a decision concern- t
ing a peace conference in two or
three days.
The council then adjourned until]
Monday and the agenda for that
day includes the question of Italian
colonies. Trieste, the peace confer
ence, and German problems.
Danube Commerce Discussed.
In today's session, the ministers
discussed freedom of commerce on
the Danube River. Italian repara
tions, units of the Italian Navy to
be included in Italian reparations
and the countries to which they
would be awarded.
In outlining his demands for a
peace conference, Mr. Byrnes said
the American view at the Potsdam
conference was that the then pro
posed Foreign Ministers Council was
to be instructed to make and not
obstruct, peace. The ministers were
to do the spade work on peace
treaties, and not provided the
finished product for other nations
to rubber stamp wdth their approval.
Conditions last September delayed
the start of the preliminary work
on the conference, but during the
Moscow conference. American
sources quoted Mr. Byrnes as saying,1
the representatives of 21 nations
were informed they would be invited
to a peace conference on May 1.
1946, when it was expected that
the preparation of treaty drafts
would be completed.
May 1 meant May 1. Mr. Byrnes
w'as quoted as declaring, but the 21
nations have been waiting for an
invitation since that time, and the
United States was becoming un
happy over the situation. In fact.
Byrnes said, his country no longer
was willing to remain in that
situation.
Debate Extremely Bitter.
French sources said the Byrnes
Molotov debate on the peace confer
ence was conducted on extremely
bitter terms.
Mr. Byrnes asked that Mr. Bi
dault. as host minister, be empow
ered to invite the nations to a
peace conference not later than
July 20. Previously Mr. Byrnes had
asked that the conference be con
voked beginning on July 15.
If the conference is not held by
July 20, Mr. Byrnes said, the par
ticipating governments will not
have time to send representatives
before fhe United Nations General
Assembly meets in September.
The American secretary put di
rectly to Mr. Molotov the question
of what, specifically, had to be dis
cussed by the ministers before a
conference date could be set, but
Mr. Molotov did not answer.
French sources said Mr. Bidault
sought to turn the heated debate
aside by raising the question of
Monday's agenda.
Red Cross Issues Warning
On Unauthorized Solicitors
A warning against unauthorized
funds solicitation on behalf of the
Red Cross has been issued by Nat C.
Wilson, mananger of the District of
Columbia Chapter.
"It has come to our attention that
there recently has been such un
authorized soliciting in the midtown
area in the name of the Red Cross
•to send veterans to Florida.' ” Mr.
Wilson said. "We want the public,
which supported us so generously
during our March fund drive, to
know that any such plea for funds
is without our knowledge or per
mission.’
Mr. Wilson said the chapter's
home service department will be
closed hereafter on Saturdays and
Sundays. The department, located
on the ground floor of the Corcoran
Gallery of Art. will be open from 9
a m. to 5 p.m. other days,
■""■l 1 1 9
a complete real estate
service since 1906
IShANNON t-IUCHgl
ISOSHSt.N.W. NA.2343
I Text of Truman Broadcast on Price Control *
Following is the text of Presi
dent Truman's radio address last
night:
My fellow countrymen:
The crucial situation which con
fronts our country requires that I
report to the people this evening.
Today I returned to the Congress
without my approval the extension
of the Price Control Law which it
presented to me for my signature.
I returned it with a long message
stating my reasons. I hope that you
Will all read that message in your
i newspapers.
I assure you. my fellow country
men, that before I vetoed this bill
11 gave the subject long days and
! nights of consideration. i con
sulted with practically every top
official in the Government. Either
personally or through representa
tives I obtained the views of people
in agriculture, industry and labor,
as well as many others.
inflation Dangers Hied.
You have all heard a great deal
about inflation. Its seriousness can
not be over estimated. It would
affect every individual in our coun
try. Inflation would cause an in
crease in the price of every article
you buy. As prices soared with in
flation, your money would buy fewer
and fewer of the necessities of life.
Your savings, your insurance, your
war bonds—all would decrease in
value.
For five years we have proved to
this country and to the world that
inflation can be prevented. Those
of you who remember the first
World War will recall the wild in
flation and the collapse that fol
lowed. You will remember how
farmers were ruined, how business
men went bankrupt, how wage earn,
ers suffered. This time we have
succeeded in preventing such a ca
| lamity.
We have done this largely through
price control. It was not done by
a miracle. It was done because the
American people had the wisdom
and the courage |nd the restraint
to know that they had to submit to
restrictions and controls or be over
come by the force of inflation. We
must continue to prevent inflation.
This is as important now and in the
months to come as it was during
the war. Time and again I have
stated and restated this proposi
tion.
Wanted to Sign Bill.
I wanted to sign a price control
bill. I gave this bill long and care
ful study. I came to the conclusion
that the bill which the Congress
sent me was no price control bill
at all. It gave you no protection
against higher and higher prices.
Having reached that conclusion. I
was faced with these alternatives.
11 could sign the bill on the plea
' which had been made to me that
for the immediate present at least,
jit might be a little better than noth
| ing. Or I could disapprove the bill,
and call upon the Congress to give
the American people a real, work- i
able price control law.
If I had taken the first’ course
and signed the bill. I would have
encouraged the false impression
' that you were£oing to be protected
! for the next fear against excessive
! price increases. But, sooner or
later, all of you would have awak- I
ened to a bitter realization of the |
truth. You wouUi have soon begun |
to see thousands and thousands of
price increases, adding billions and i
billions of dollars to our cost of
living. It is hard to see how people I
could continue to pay higher and
higher prices without requiring
higher W'ages or salaries. The tre
mendous advances that we have
made toward the settlement of
labor-management disputes over
wages would have been wiped out.
The mad chase to inflation would!
soon have been under way.
Took Second Alternative.
I could not permit that to happen.
I took the second alternative.!
knowing full well all the dangers
which would come with it. I knew i
that there was danger that the I
j Congress might not pass a resolu
tion which would give, us some kind
of protection after midnight tomor
I row when the present price control
: law ends. I knew, therefore, that
| it was very possible that for a few
davs at least, we might be without
any price control law.
I could not bring myself to be
lieve. however, that the representa
tives of the American people—your
Senators and Representatives in the
Congress—would permit such a con
dition to continue long. And I was
sure that when this issue was pre
sented to the American people and
to the Congress there could be only
one answer. That answer is that
the Congress should immediately
pass a resolution continuing pres
ent price and rent controls until
the Congress can pass a workable
bill.
It would have been much easier
for me to sign this bill. But the
American peonle would have soon
I realized that real price control was
I at an end in spite of the law. If
! I had signed the bill the people
wxuld have seen their prices going
up. day by day. You would have
realized soon that the bill which
had been passed and called a price
control law was not price control
at all.
Warns of Disaster.
What I have done is to call a
spade a spade. I must now rely
upon the American people and upon
a, Datriotic and co-operative Con
gress to protect us all from the
great pressures now upon us. lead-1
ing as to disastrous inflation unless
we have the means to resist them.
I know' how weary you ail are
of these restrictions and controls.
I am also weary of them. I spend
a good deal of my time listening
to complaints. I know how eager
every one of you is for the day
when you can run your own affairs
in your own way as you did before
the war. I know, therefore, how
strong the temptation is to remove
too quickly the safeguards which
we have built up for ourselves and
our children.
The bill w'hich the Congress sent
me yielded to that temptation,
i It is certainly most unfortunate
I that the Congress kept delaying and
I--- !
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delaying action on this bill for so
many months when they knew that
the price control law was going to
expire tomorrow.
Congress* Delay Cited.
I am sure that all of you know
of the efforts which I made to get
the Congress to act on a price con
trol extension far in advance of
the date when the old law was going
to expire. As far back as Septem
ber last year, in a message to the
Congress, I urged it to pass an
extension of the Price Control Act
at an early date. I did not rest
with that message of last Septem
ber. In later communications to
the Congress. I repeated my request
four times to extend price control.
In addition to these direct com
munications, I stated publicly many
times how important it was to our
safety that a price control exten
sion bill should be passed right
away.
But I could not persuade the Con
gress to act. Instead, just two days
before the expiration of all price
control this impassible bill was
sent to me.
In my veto, message to the Con
gress. which I sent this morning, I
discussed the various provisions of
the bill.
I do not have time this evening
to comment on all the provisions
of the bill. There are many ob
jections to it, but my most funda
mental objection is to the price
raising amendment for manufac
turers which was introduced by
Senator Taft.
Bams at lait Amendment.
Under this amendment there
would be thousands of needless price
increases amounting to many bil
lions of dollars. The Taft amend
ment provides that the manufactur
er shall receive for each article
the profit w'hich he made on that
article in 1941 and that he may
add to the 1941 selling price all in
creases in cost which have occurred
since that time. In 1941 the manu
facturer received a much greater
profit out of each dollar of sales
than at any time in the five pre
ceding years or in any of the five
following wartime years. In fact,
profit margins in 1941 were 50 per
cent greater than in the banner
year 1929.
Volume of sales is much greater
today than in 1941, so that manu
facturers would have received a
bonanza. In addition, Senator
Tafts fellow Republicans, Senator
Wherry and Representative Craw
ford, put amendments into the bill
which made sure that not only
would the manufacturers’ price in
creases be borne by the public but
that such increases would be pyra
mided by generous wholesalers' and
retailers' markups.
As you sit in your homes this eve
ning your interest in this bill and
my interest in this bill are exactly
the same. The question is: What
effect would this bill have had on
you—the people of our country.
Ample Profits Desired.
I believe in the profit system and
desire that profits should be ample
to provide the incentive for full
production. The Taft amendment,
however, provides for higher prices
and higher profits even where pro
duction is already going at full
blast and profits are whollv satis
factory. |
We have been through five dif
ficult years W’e are looking for
ward to buying the things we neetf
Let us examine this problem to
getncr.
Do you need a new low-priced au
tomobile? If so. what effect would
the Taft amendment have had on
the price ol your new car? It would
have increased immediately the
prices of the popular makes of au
tomobiles by *225 to *250 per car.
Are you a veteran planning to build
a nome for yourself and family?!
The Taft amendment would have
added immediatelv a minimum of
20 per cent to the. cost of your
building materials. The program
recently approved by the Congress
to provide veterans' housing at rea
sonable cost would have been com
pletely disrupted by this Taft!
amendment.
Are you a housewife who has
been waiting for years for that new
washing machine or refrigerator?
The Taft amendment would have
made it cost one-third more right
away.
Clothing Price# Cited.
Ate you faced with the respon
sibility of clothing your family?
Under the Taft and other amend
ments the already high clothing
prices would have been Increased
15 per cent right away. For clothing
alone the American people would
have paid at least three billion
dollars more a year.
Are you in a business in which
you need to buy steel? The price
of eteel would have gone up undpr
the Taft amendment between four
and eight dollars per ton right away.
Are you a farmer? Under this
bill the price of farm machinery
would have gone up 13 per cent
right away.
Those are only a few examples of
the first round of increases the
Tait amendment would bring. But
that is only the beginning. Price
increases in one industry are cost
increases in another. By the time,
for example/ that the automobile
industry had got its Taft increase
based on present costs, it would be
hit by the Taft increases in steel,
tires, safety glass, and other ma
terials. So automobiles would go up
still more.
Increases Endless.
In this way increase would fol
low increase. The bill had no stop
ping place in it.
In addition, these increases would
have been passed right down the
line. You, the consumer, would pay
it all.
All of us agree that what this
country needs is production. Pro
duction brings jobs, good wages,
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moderate prices. Perhaps the most
vicious effect of the Taft amend
ment would be to slow up produc
tion.
The onlv possible Justification
urged for all these Taft price in
creases is the claim that they are
necessary to encourage production.
Even if they did encourage produc
tion. that would still be a terrific
price to pay for that increased pro
duction—a price measured in suf
fering and distress among people of
moderate and low incomes.
The fact is, however, that pro
duction would not be stimulated by
the Taft amendment, but would be
greatly impeded. Nobody wants to
sell his goods this we^k if he can
grt a better price for them next
week. This is no mere theory. You
have seen it working day after day
for the last month or so, as people
began to believe that price control
might soon come to an end.
Holding For Higher Price*.
People who had cattle and hogs
to sell for slaughter for food have
decided to hold them for higher
prices. People who had clothing
for sale have decided to do the
same thing. So have people with
innumerable other commodities
which we all need so badly now.
Incidentally. I have asked the
Attorney General to make.an in
vestigation of some of the factors
Involved in our present shortages
to determine whether anyone is
criminally responsible for them and
to place the responsibility where It
belongs.
These Instances of witholding
goods from the consumer would be
multiplied thousands of times under
the Taft Amendment. Production
and deliveries would be slowed
down waiting for price Increases.
This would create bottlenecks of
essential materials and essential
parts which would bring production
lines to a halt. By the time they
started up again there would be
new applications for price increases
and additional waiting for greater
profits. Labor would be penalized
by loss of employment. Consumers
would be penalized by lack of goods
and ever rising prices. Farmers
would be penalized by higher prices
for what they buy and reduced
markets for the things they sell.
Wouldn't Aid Production.
It is a cruel jest to sav that the
Taft Amendment would aid pro
duction. As I also pointed out this
morning In my veto message, the
Taft Amendment would wholly de
stroy our program of wage stabiliza
tion which has been built up since
V-J Day. It- would destroy the use
fulness of the Wage Stabilization
Board.
The result would be the begin
ning of an inevitable spiral of un
controlled inflation—a race be
tween rising wages and rising prices.
Far-sighted leaders of both labor
and management know that
nothing can be gained—and every
thing lost—by simply letting prices
and wages chase each other.
Despite the total impossibility of
stabilizing other prices under this
bill, I would have hesitated to dis
approve it if I had thought it gave
some real protection against soar
ing food prices and rents. We have
learned, however, that higher prices
for the things that farmers and
landlords buy. would inevitably force
up food prices'and rants: In both
instances, serious increases would
be forced upon us by the hard facts
of business and economic*.
Present* Facta.
I realize that the great majority
of our people do not have the facts
and figures that must be considered
in order to know what a bill like
this would do. That is why I am
speaking to you this evening. You
are entitled to have the facts be
fore you.
I want to make clear that mv!
decision to veto this bill does not !
mean any lack of appreciation of!
the sincere and tireless efforts of
the leaders and many other mem
bers of the Senate and the House
of Representatives to pass a work-1
able price-control bill. I know that
manv members of both houses who
voted for the bill which was sent
to me did so with regret and onlv
because they had. at that time, no
opportunity to vote for a good bill.
Now every member has a clear-cut
opportunity to show whether or!
not he wants effective price controls.
I have submitted to the Congress
in my veto message a plan for price
control legislation for the compara
tively short period of time that it
is still needed. The will of the peo
ple is still the supreme law of our
land. Your determination to retain
price controls and so prevent infla
tion must be made known to the
Congress. The Congress is the only
branch of our Government which
has the power to pass a law provid
ing for proper price control.
Legal Restraints Lacking.
Now because of congressional de
lay we are faced with a brief period
in which legal restraints on price
increases will be lacking. I have
urged the Congress to act imme
diately and to adopt the kind of
bill which can be made to work.
But. in the event of delay, I know
that the United States can depend
upon the patriotism and good sense
of its citizens. Therefore, I call
upon even’ businessman, every pro
ducer and every landlord to adhere
to existing regulations, even though
for a short period they mav not
have the effect of law. it would be
contrary to their own interest to
embark upon a reckless period of in
flation. It is to their own interest
to exercise self-restraint until some
action can be obtained from the
Congress.
I also request every employe of
the OPA to stay at his battle sta
tion. The fight is not over. I am
counting on all employes of the OPA
to continue to serve in the future
as they have in the past and to
finish the job. I urge these loyal
British Hold Scores
As Curfew Is Lifted
In Most of Palestine
By th« AisocicUd Pres*
JERUSALEM, June 30 (Sun
day).—The British early today
began lifting the 18-hour cur
few, imposed at dawn yesterday,
which at one time held more
than 75 per cent of Palestine’s
500,000 Jews under virtual house
arrest as British troops clamped
a tight military siege over the
Holy Land “to end the state of
anarchy.”
* The ban was removed from all of
Tel Aviv and most of Jerusalem.
Unconfirmed reports said five per
sons were killed in various Jewish
settlements during the day and that
scores of persons were injured, in
cluding 20 in the Yagur settlement
near Jerusalem where Jewish re
sistance was described as particu
larly fierce. The deaths of a Brit
ish soldier and one Jew were re
ported officially.
1,000 Caught in Dragnet.
The curfew' was put in force Just
as soldiers and police struck swiftly
at daybreak in an effort to end a
series of disorders which have
spread widely over Palestine in the
past two weeks. While in force, it
was estimated that the house ar
rest confined 200.000 Jews to their
homes in Tel Aviv. 70.000 in Jeru
salem, 30.000 in Haifa and many
other thousands in rural areas.
The British dragnet took in at
least 1,000 Jews who were detained
and Questioned. Although most of
them later were released, scores
were held for further action. Among
those held were high officials of the
Jewish Agency, including Moshe
Shertok, head of the agency * po
litical department, and Dr. Bernard
Joseph, an agency executive com
mitteeman. Jewish agency head
quarters buildings were seised.
Despite the violent events of the
day, quiet which fell over the Holy
Land at* dusk, was broken in the
large cities only by the occasional
rumble of military truck* through
the streets. Palestine communica
tions were partly "blacked out” dui -
ing the day and the nation W'as
isolated at times from the rest of
the world.
«** UM at One Town.
An official statement aaid troops
met "considerable resistance" at Ya
gur. which "had to be overcome”
by the use of tear gas. A cache of
arms, including 20 rifles and 30,000
bullets, was found at Yagur, the
statement said.
British officials accused the Jew
ish agency, a recognized Jewish su
pervisory body, of complicity in
recent disorders and killings.
(A British Foreign Office
spokesman said last night in
London that the British govern
ment notified American Ambas
sador W. Averell Harriman on
June 19 that it would take "coun
ter measures" to eliminate dis
order in Palestine. Mr. Harri
man was not available for
comment.
(The State Department an
nounced later that it knew noth
ing in advance about the British
raid on Jewish Agency headquar
ters in Palestine.
(Regarding the actual British
activities, the State Department
said it did not have sufficient
information to enable it to make
any comment.
(The department said It “re
ceived no information Until after
the raid apparently had taken
place.-' It added that it was in
formed by the British Embassy
here yesterday that the raid was
planned for early yesteaday
morning.)
Kept From Synagogues.
Almost the entire Jewish popula
tion of Palestine was kept from
attending synagogue services yes
terday. and a few who attended
early service* were picked up as
curfew violators as they left the
temples.
Soldiers blasted open safes and
seized more than a thousand docu
ments in Tel Aviv. Glass littered
the streets and walls of buildings
were destroyed by explosives used
to open strong boxes. The damaged
buildings included two or three Jew
ish banks and the Jewish Agency's
sub-headquarters. .
Raiding police and troops cut
telephone line* isolating areas to
be searched for illegal weapons.
All motor traffic was prohibited in
Galilee. Haifa, Samaria. Lydda and
in Jerusalem except in the sub
districts of Nablus and Janln, which
are principally Arab.
(In London the political de
partment of the Jewish Agency
said the British sction was a
‘‘clear act of aggression” designed
to destroy “both the achieve
ments and aspirations of the
Jewish people” and declared the
charge that the Jewish Agency
civil servants and the thousands of
volunteers who are giving their time
to make price control a success, to
see this fight through.
And, finally, my fellow citizens, I
say to you that we as a nation have
it within our hands to make this
postwar period an era of the great- ]
est opportunity and prosperity in
our nation's history. But if short
sightedness and impatience, if par
tisanship and greed, are allowed to
triumph over the efforts to main
tain economic stability, this grand
opportunity will have been sacrificed.
That must not happen.
With your help and understand
ing it will not happen.
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was Involved in acts of violence
was false. It asserted the Jew*
"will continue to struggle.">
Britain cracked down after Pales
tine, long the disputed land of the
Jews and Arabs, * had seethed in
growing tension for many weeks
while both factions awaited accept-1
ance or rejection of the British
American committee's recommenda
tions for admission of 100,000 Jews
into Palestine.
Dr. Chaim Weizmann, world pres
ident of the Jewish Agency, was re
ported en route under armed guard
from Rehoveth to Jerusalem for an
interview w'ith Sir Alan Cunning
ham, high commissioner of Palestine.!
Sir John Shaw, chiif secretary of
the Palestine government, said the
drive was intended “to ^pd the state'
of anarchy existing in Palestine and
to enable law-abiding citizens to
pursue their normal avocations with
out fear of being kidnapped, mur
dered or blown up.”
He announced that a “rudimen
tary form” of censorship would be
imposed on all press dispatches for i
the first 24 hours “to insure that
the essentials of honesty are com
plied with.”
Shaw,' declared “I hope it won't
be necessary to interfere with cor
respondents’ telegrams, but while
the news is sketchy, we wish to
guard against incomplete and in
accurate reports.”
Clear Act of Aggression
Charged by Jewish Agency
LONDON, June 29 i/pi.—A state
ment by the London Political De
partment of the Jewish Agency for
Palestine said today:
"Action by His Majesty's govern
ment in arresting members of the
Jewish Agency executive and trying
by force to render the Jewish com
munity of Palestine defenseless is a
clear act of aggression against the
Jewish people,
"To present this action as directed!
only against a small group in the
Jewish community of Palestine is as
misleading as the statement that
the Jewish Agency is involved in
acts of violence is false.
"The Jewish community of Pal
estine cannot give up its right to
self-defense; it cannot entrust its
fate into the hands of an adminis
tration which, according to the
Royal Commission for Palestine, has
failed to discharge the 'elementary1
duty of providing public security.’!
"This provocative action is the
culmination,of a policy of violating
obligations undertaken by Great
Britain under the mandate. It is
an effort by the British government
to divert public attention from its
policy of barring the doors of Pales
tine to the remnants of Hitler's ex
termination campaign. It is de
signed to destroy both the achieve
ments and the aspirations of the
Jewish people in Palestine and could
only have been adopted in order to
appease the Mufti, who has once
more been allowed to escape to
freedom, and on the advice of his
Arab and British friends in the
Middle East.
"The Jewish people and its
leaders will not be intimidated and
will continue the struggle for the
right of Jews to enter their home
land and live as a free and inde
pendent nation in the Jewish
State."
Rabbis Say British Declare
War Against Jewish People
NEW YORK, June 29 (JP).-Drs.
Abba Hillel Silver and Stephen S.
Wise, co-chairmen of the American
Zionist Emergency Council, declared
today that British arrests of Jewish
Agency executive members in Pales
tine constituted "an act of war
against the Jewish people."
"It is clear that this treachery
• * * was conceived on the highest
political level in an attempt to
liquidate the Jewish national home,"
they said in a statement.
The statement said a message had
been sent to President Truman and
the State Department "inquiring
as to the accuracy" of* a British
announcement that the United
States had been told of tha decision
to make the arrests.
PARIS. June 29 i/Pi.—The Central
Committee of Liberated Jews in
Germany, representing more than
60.000 Jews in German camps who
want to migrate to Palestifie. sent a
message to Secretary of State
Byrnes tonight protesting what it
called "acts of aggression and new
provocations" against the Jews in
Palestine. 1
Democrats Give Rash
Radio Director Post
Bryson B. Rash, director of spe
cial features for Station WMAL and
White House correspondent of the
American Broadcasting Co,, has
oeen appointed
radio director of
the Democratic
National Com
mittee, it was
announced yes
terday by Chair
man Robert E.
Hannegan.
Mr. Rash has
been granted a
leave of absence
from his regular
duties to handle
the committee’s
radio activities
for the fall con
gressional elec
tion campaigns.
Bryson B. Rash
During long service as announcer,
he made a number of trips with
President Roosevelt. He covered
both the Democratic and Republi
can national conventions in 1944.
A native of Los Angeles, Mr. Rash
entered the radio industry in 1925
with Station KMOX. St. Louis.
After a period with Station WLW,
Cincinnati, he came to Washington
in 1936 to join the Columbia Broad
casting System. Later, he became
chief announcer for the National
Broadcasting Co. here.
CAB Hears Proposal
For Air Fares Cut
Nineteen daily round trip “day
coach" flights at 3>a cents a mile
connecting Washington with 20
southern cities were proposed yes
terday by V. P. Conroy, vice presi
dent of Atlantic Airlines at a Civil
Aeronautics Board hearing.
Mr. Conroy said the company's
proposed service was more than 2
cents less per mile than that
charged now by any certificated car
rier in that area. “With our pro
posed fare. Atlantic Airlines will be
able to transport the flying public
at approximately 50 per cent less
than any airline in operation any
where in the country.” he said.
The fare covers “co-ordinated”
bus operation by the airline which
would serve communities within a
75-mile radius of the airports, he
stated.
Earlier in the hearing, S. J. Solo
mon, president of the airline, ex
plained the “day coach" type of
operation meant that no meals
would be served in flight, there
would be no stewardesses and pas
sengers would handle their own
baggage most of the time. Mr.
Solomon stressed the point that the
flying public was more interested
in getting where they were going
than in the luxury of the service
that got them there.
Atlantic Airlines’ representatives
appeared tfefore the CAB to present
their proposal to connect Washing
ton with New Orleans via Atlanta
and 18 other southern cities at the
new low rate.
Summer Schedule Effective
In District Court Tomorrow
District Court will start tomorrow
on its reduced summer schedule.
During July and September there
are to be only two justices on duty
at a time and only one during Au
gust.
An exception will be In force to
morrow. however, with Justice Henry
A. Schweinhaut sitting until com
pletion of the trial of James R. Mc
Cullen, 31. on a criminal assault
charge. McCullen is accused of
criminally assaulting a 25-year-old
woman art student May 16 in his
room in the Corcoran Gallery of Art,
where he formerly served as a guard
and watchman.
Justices regularly assigned for the
first two weeks in July are Justice
T. Alan GoldsbQj-ough. who will sit
in motions branch, and Justice
James W. Morris, who will preside
at trial of criminal cases. Other
District Court justices are to take
turns in presiding through the
summer.
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