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Weather Forecast Sunny, pleasant: highest about 82 this aft ternoon. Fair, lowest about 65 tonight. To morrow mostly cloudy, little change. Temperatures today—High, 81, at 12:30 p.m ; low, 65. at 4:46 a m. Yesterday—High, 83, at 2:14 p.m.: low. 66. at 4:34 a.m. (Full heport cn Paje A-4.) New York Morkets Closed Todoy. 94th YEAR. Xo. 37,315. Phone NA. 5000. Guide for Readers Page. After Dark .B-ll Amusements A-14-15 Comics.B-18-19 Editorials _A-12 Edit’ial Articles, A-13 Lost and Found..A-3 Page. Obituary .,-A-6 Radio .B-19 Society.. B-3 Sports _A-16-17 Where to Go-B-14 Woman's Page...B-8 An Associoted Press Newspoper City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday S»Oe a Month. When 5 Sundays, J1.U0 5 CENTS RoxasTakesOath As President of Free Philippines MacArthur, McNutt Heard*by Throng At Manila Exercises (Texts of President Truman's procla mation and message and of Gen. MacArthur's address on Page A-2.) By the Anociated Press MANILA, July 4.—The Ameri can flag came down for all time here today as this new nation of 7,083 tropical islands, swept by fire and sword through 400 years of oppression, came peacefully to full sovereignty. . The national aspirations of 18 - 000.000 Filipino citizens were realized in the independence ceremonial in Luneta Plaza, fronting on Manila Bay. Tonight the infant republic cele brated its birth with an official ball in Malacanan Palace and similar festivities in countless other towns and villages throughout the islands. President and Mme. Manuel Rosas received representatives of 27 na tions, including scores from the United States. Among them were Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Am bassador Paul V. McNutt, Mr. McNutt presented his creden tials earlier in the day. The round of celebrations will continue in Manila through Sunday, while fiestas lasting several days are under way in many of the villages. Thousands See Ceremony. Hundreds of thousands saw Presi dent Roxas and Vice President Elpidio Quirino take the oath of office in the exercises today and heard addresses by Gen. MacArthur, Ambassador McNutt and Senator Tydings, Democrat, of Maryland, co author of the act w’hich gave the Islands their independence. Prom Washington, President Tru man sent a message in which he pledged that the United States would assist the Philippines Republic ‘'in every way possible." The two nations, he said, would "be closely bound together for many years to come.” The ceremonies were centered around a flagpole erected on the spot where Jose Rizal, famous martyr of the Philippines fight for freedom, was executed by the Spaniards in 1896. The arrival of Gen. MacArthur caused the first major stir in the v%st throng. His progress to the re viewing stand was interrupted by dignitaries and common folk eager to shake his hand. Roxas’ Entry Triumphant. President Roxas made a tri umphal entry to the presidential box on the stand. On his right arm was his wife and on his left w-as Mme. Aurora Quezon, widow of Manuel Quezon, first President of the Philippines Commonwealth. Mr. McNutt arrived with an American guard of honor. With him were Mrs, McNutt and their daughter Louise. Prolonged applause greeted Sena tor Tydings, who declared: _“Though our governments may; 1 See PHILIPPINES, Page A-2.) 1 5 Killed and .6 Injured In Gas Pipeline Blast By th# Associated pr#ss LA SALLE, 111, July 4.—Five men were killed ana six others injured, one critically, today in a 620-pound "pressure push” on a 24-inch nat uial gas pipe line about 3 miles north of Peru, 111. The dead, all pipe welders, are: Ben Morris, Belvedere, 111.; A. D. Cleary, Geneseo, 111.; James Pretzel, Harper, Iowa: Robert Walstrom, Belvidere, and Frank Ingram, Geneseo. At St. Mary’s Hospital heie, at tendants said Dale Swan was so badly crushed he probably would not survive. The accident occurred in a corn field where the workmen had re moved a 30-foot section of the pipe line preparatory to installing con nections for a future extension. The pressure on one end of the severed line .had been shut off at a nearby station, workmen said, but on the other section a temporary gate or pipe-end was installed. Workmen said the pipe-end failed to withstand the pressure and that when it was blown off some of them were lifted 30 feet into he air from a 15-foot ditch and carried 325 feet away by the blast. A 30-foot section of the line itself was blown about 100 feet away. The pipeline extends from Texas to Chicago and Eastern points. Mother and Gl's Children Begin Flight to U. S. By the Associated Press LONDON, July 4.—Norah Car penter and her three surviving quadruplet children took off for New York today for a reunion and mar riage with the babies’ father, for mer Sergt. William (Red) Thomp son of Pittsburgh. They saw him last 15 months ago. The Pan-American Clipper is due to reach New York at 6 am. tomor row. Mr. Thompson plans to marry Norah shortly after her arrival. He was divorced by his first wife after the children were born. Bulletin British Officer Released JERUSALEM </P)t—A Pales tine government officer an nounced today Capt. G. C. Warberton. one of three Brit ish officers held as hostages by the Jewish underground organization Irgun Zvai Leumi had been released. There was no further word about the other two officers, who were seized from an officers’ club in Tel Aviv. (Earlier Story on Page A-6.) Capital Turns to Recreation, Fanfare for Typical Fourth Transportation Jam Develops; Fireworks To Brighten Skies (Picture on Page B-l.) America was celebrating- its 170th birthday anniversary today with traditional fanfare and frolic, and perhaps with more gratitude than ever that Thomas Jefferson penned the immortal words of the Declaration of In dependence. For the thousands of Federal Gov ernment employes, the Fourth blos somed into a full-blown holiday of four days. Many headed for beach and mountain resorts or home towns, putting a strain on railroad, bus and airplane equipment in what was re garded as the biggest exodus since the Christmas holidays. Weather Ideal. Others sampled the weather and found it ideal for picnics, boating, fishing, golf, tennis or the double header baseball game this afternoon between the Nationals and the New York Yankees. Many looked for ward to the first peacetime renewal of "America's Cavalcade of Free dom,” the spectacular Monument Grounds show at 7:30 o clock to night. Special services by patriotic and religious organizations throughout the day will lead up to the three and-ff-half hour cavalcade show, expected to attract a mammoth crowd of 400.000. Attracted by the Virginia and Maryland beaches, the holiday throngs began leaving the city as early as noon yesterday. . By 4 o'clock the bus companies knew Program in Brief For'Cavalcade' Events Tonight Here is tonight's “Cavalcade of Freedom" program in brief: 7 p.m.—Special recorded mu sic. 7:30—Concert: Navy, AAF and Marine Bands. • 8—Massing of the colors. 8:08—Flag raising ceremony. 8:11—Invocation, Rabbi Sam uel Penner. 8:13—Pledge of allegiance to the flag and introduction of distinguished guests. 8:19—Reading of passages of Declaration of Independence by Leo Brady, Catholic University. 8:25—Introduction of flag of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. 8:30—Address by Senator O'Mahoney. 8:40—Lowering of flag. 8:42—Benediction by the Very Rev. Ignatius Smith, Catholic University. 8:43—Retirement of the Col ors. 9 p.m.—Entertainment pro gram. 10— Fireworks. 11— Finale. they were in for a jam that equalled anything seen last Christmas. But Union Station reported it was far from overtaxed by the push. Ten or 12 sections were added to trains yesterday and only a lew people were forced to stand. Be tween 4 and 9 p.m. most of the fun seekers seemed to be on their (See FOURTH, Page A-4.> Blast Consequences Begin to Show Up in Bikini Test Animals Blood t>eferioration Observed and Many May Die in Few Days (Pictures on Page A-4.1 By W. H. Shipped, Jr. Star Staff Correspondent U. S. S. APPALACHIAN. Bi kini, July 4.—Evil consequences of the double-punch bomb that dropped near the Nevada Mon day began to show up today not only on target ships but in vital blood counts of surviving ani mals. Blood deterioration al ready has been observed in some of the latter and many are ex pected to die in the next few days. While 90 per cent of 150 goats, as many pigs and 3,100 rats were living when rescue teams arrived, no one can predict how many can be brought back alive to the Naval Medical Research Institute at Be thesda, according to Capt. R. Harold Draeger, in charge of this phase of experiment. These animals will be taken to Washington after being gathered in comfortable crates and cages on the biological survey ship Burlesson. Col. James P. Cooney, X-ray spe cialist and a safety officer for Opera tions Crossroads, believes pigs and goats roughly approximate human resistance to radiation and will re act in much the same way during the next few weeks. Five Survived on One Ship. Five of approximately 20 pigs and goats survived on the cruiser Salt Lake City, which took a big blast from about half a mile and lost her stacks, masts, scout plane and parts of superstructure. These and other animals which do not die within the next few weeks are expected to sur vive the experiment. In Washington they will be put under observation possibly extending through several generations. We made inquiries of boarding crews as to welfare of animals as we moved toward the Nevada under a row of blackened and scorched attack transports with radar scan ners and topmasts blown away and superstructures bent and twisted more violently the nearer we got to the tanker. Some of the men tried to pick up the Jap cruiser Sakawa on Geiger radioactivity counter when passing over the spot where she went down a few’ hours previ ously, but the Sakawa w'as not put ting out any radiation. The most petted and pampered animal in this fleet is pig No. 311. sole survivor of the Sakawa, which we saw' go down Tuesday. Pig Heads for Shore. Sailors said that Pig 311 was do ing the Australian crawl and head ing for the beach to join a liberty party at the Bikini Boystowm head quarters on Wednesday night. They are sparing no effort to bring him to Washington alive. If the fatal infection of radioactivity overtakes him, he’ll arrive pickled in alcohol. Other distinguished survivors were rats in a cage on the signal hal liards of a sunken transport. The cage was fitted with a life preserver, the scientists told us. Today the rats were slightly seasick but other wise O. K. For the most part, however, the rats took a worse beat ing than the pigs and goats whose resistance roughly approximates that of humans. Newcomers among the animals are three rats christened Alpha. Beta and Gamma, born on the bridge of the Pennsylvania about .the time the bomb was dropped. Some shaved goats showed flash bums and other coated in protective cream were in better shape today. This bomb was no 50,000-tonner according to Col. Stafford Warren. ; staff radiological safety officer, but, jhe said, he had to plan precautions for a bomb much larger than the Hiroshima bomb compared by ; President Truman to 20,000 tons iof TNT. This no doubt is the explanation for the fact that some reporters on ■this ship were spotted 18 miles out and half blinded with goggles so (See SHIPPEN. Page A-4.) Party Heads Welcome Truman's Signature Of Hobbs Labor Bill Many Feel President Has Regained Friends Lost in Case Act Veto By the Associated Press President Truman put the so called Hobbs Antiracketeering Act on the statute books today, despite the bitter opposition of organized labor. The President’s action received warm approval in most quarters on Capitol Hill, although some toes of the legislation condemned his deci sion. For the moment, union leaders had nothing to say about the failure of their long fight of more than three years to keep the Hobbs measure from becoming law. Several legislators said Mr. Tru man’s action will do much to help restore friendly relations with Democratic party members who were irked last month by his veto of the Case labor disputes bill, which em bodied similar provisions. Later Drive Seen. Some of them declared the action would give impetus to their drive later—probably not until next ses sion—for broad, new labor regula tory legislation. Even those who criticized the presidential decision praised the the manner in which he made it knowm—through a special message to Congress, giving his reasons for the move. Usually a President sends such, messages only when he vetoes a bill. The measure, as signed by Mr. Truman late yesterday, makes it a felony to interfere with movement of goods in interstate commerce by "robbery or extortion ' or by threats of violence. Its author. Representative Hobbs, Democrat, of Alabama, said the chief purpose of the bill is to per mit farmers to take th£ir goods to market without interference by unions. This has not always been possible in the past, he declared. First General Statute. The first labor law’ of general ap plication to be enacted in the Tru man administration, the legislation provides for fines up to $10,000 and prison terms of up to 20 years for violators. RepresentativeMarcantomo, Amer ican Labor, of New York, one of the bill’s chief critics, termed Mr. Tru man’s, action “tragic and unfortu nate.” He added, however, that “we are hopeful, because of the way the presidential message is worded that the law will be enforced by the courts in a manner which will not be harmful to labor.” Mr. Marcantonio told a reporter he referred specifically to the Presi-. dent's language in saying he signed the bill with the “understanding" that it “is not intended to deprive labor of any of its recognized rights, including the right to strike and to picket and to take other legitimate and peaceful concerted action.” Mr. Truman said in his message to Congress he reached that “un derstanding” on the basis of an opinion from the Attorney General, who advised him that the legislative history of the measure and its lan guage both confirm such a view. May, Patterson Contract Link Shown by Memo War Department Document Gives Details of Talks By Carter Brooke Jones Secretary of War Patterson, when Undersecretary during the war, was persuaded by Chairman May of the House Military Af fairs Committee to see that Ba tavia Metal Products, Inc., one of a group of interlocked Illi nois corporations, obtained a big war contract, according to a War Department memorandum placed in the record of the Sen ate War Investigating Commit tee today. The memorandum, identified at a hearing late yesterday by Miss Dor othea Molander, a pretty War De partment stenographer, thus summed up a conversation of several officers at headquarters of the Army Service Forces: "The reason the 8-inch shell contract was given Batavia was be cause the Garssons put pressure on Congressman May, who in turn asked Judge Patterson for the con tract. Gen. Campbell (then chief of ordnance) was contacted on the matter, and he ordered Gen. Hardy to place the contract.” After the memorandum was placed in the record, the commit tee said Secretary Patterson will be called as a witness. Just when he would testify remained uncer tain, but Chairman Mead, saying, 'Let the chips fall' where they may,” declared definitely that Mr. Patterson will*be called.' The com mittee is in recess until 10 a m. to morrow. Previous testimony has described Representative May as intervening < at the War Department for Dr.! Henry M. Garsson, an inventor and1 manufacturer. Dr. Garsson and his brother, Murray Wr. Garsson, were: directors of Batavia and others of! the linked corporations. Deleted From Record. The reference in the memoran dum to Mr. May and Secretary Patterson was deleted from the per manent record, but the original paper containing these references was identified by Miss Molander. F. R. Denton, former colonel in the Army Service Forces, and Wil-1 liam J? Brennan, former colonel and chief of its labor branch, testifying with Miss Molander, said they as sumed the deletions were made be cause the matter was based on tu mor and gossip. A transcript or a long-distance telephone conversation between Col. Brennan and- the chief of the Chi cago ordnance district, showed the | two officers agreed that the Gars-1 sons had "got Patterson all exer cised” over a demand that the man power ceiling at the Batavia plant be raised. The Garssons were described in this talk as "arrogant,” boasting that if they couldn’t get what they wanted in Chicago, they could come to Washington and get it. There was much dissatisfaction with the Garssons in the area, the committee was told, and the Labor Management Committee was re ported to have threatened to re sign if Batavia's manpower ceil ing was raised. Earlier testimony yesterday after noon revealed that Batavia received an overpayment of $1,110,315.77 In the contract settlement which the Government made with it at the close of the war. This evidence came from Capt. H. B. Hutchinson, a finance officer in the Chicago ordnance district. He said the overpayment represented padding and misrepresentations of expenses incurred. Capt. Hutchinson was asked if he was called on the carpet concerning the Batavia account while the con tract termination was being nego tiated. "We were called to Washington a couple of times.'' the captain replied, “and asked why we were giving this contractor so much trouble.” “Who had complained about you?” asked George Meader, committee counsel. “Dr. Garsson had complained at the War Department,” the witness explained. Testimony on Phone Call. Previous testimony had brought out that Representative May tele phoned the chief of ordnance and others at the War Department con cerning Dr. Garsson. asking to be assured that the Illinois promoter would get “a square deal" on war contracts. Capt. Hutchinson said after he talked to the chief of his section in Washington no further attention was paid to Batavia's complaint. In computing the overpayment, the officer said, an item of about $714,000 for overcharged materials was disallowed. Another claim which was greatly reduced was $622,000 for labor, it was shown, he explained, that the labor costs of subcontractors had improperly been included. The original contract involved was let to Erie Basin Metal Products, Inc., another corporation in which Dr. Garsson and his brother were directors. FBI Ordered to Probe Awards Of Contracts to 'Paper Empire' Attorney General Clark said today that the Justice Department has ordered the FBI to investigate cir cumstances surrounding the award of millions of dollars worth of war contracts to the Erie Basin Metal Products Co. and its associated com panies. Mr. Clark said the inquiry was ordered a week ago, although the details of the corporation's opera tions weren't brought into the open until the Senate War Investigating Committee began its inquiry this week. FBI men already are at work delv ing into the affairs of the "paper i empire" corporation, it was said. | Mr. Clark said the Senate com mittee had turned over the results of its investigation to his depart ment after members of the group had visited the White House. He said he did not know what had been discussed there. It is expected that the FBI will delve into the relations of Chair man May of the House Military Af fairs Committee as well as other official personages with the Erie Basin firm. ‘'Political pressure” supposedly used by the “paper em pire” to get fabulous war contracts1 is expected to come under the scru-l tiny of FBI Investigators. Senate Group Working Today On New OPA Bill Compromise Proposal Offered by Barkley Wins Taft's Favor By J. A. O'Leary The Senate Banking Commit tee was prepared to spend Inde pendence Day trying to report out a new OPA bill, which Ma jority Leader Barkley offered late yesterday in an effort to bridge the gap between Congress and the White House over price control. Although it differs only slightly from the measure President Truman vetoed Saturday, committee mem bers seemed hopeful the President would go along with it, provided the Senate itself does not upset the com mittee. Observers recalled that when the original one-year extension bill came out of the Banking Committee sev eral weeks ago, the Senate went far beyond the committee by writing in amendments that would have ended all controls on meat, poultry, dairy' products, gasoline and tobacco. Even though these specific decon trols were eliminated in conference before the bill went to the White House, Mr. Truman vetoed it. Avoids Taft Proposal. Main difference between the vetoed bHl and Senator Barkley’s new pro posal is that it rewrites the Taft profit formula, on which Mr. Tru man centered most of his opposition. The Taft_ amendment allowed manufacturers, producers and proc essors to use the base prices of the first half of October, 1941, plus the weighted average increase in unit cost of ,a commodity since then. Senator Barkley would allow the “average dollar price” during the calendar year 1940, plus increased costs since then. In his veto mes sage Mr. Truman contended the fall of 1941 was a high-price period. The President also objected to the Wherry amendment in the vetoed bill, which dealt with the profits of the wholesaler, distributor and re tailer. allowing them their January 1, 1946, markups or discounts, based on current costs. After the Taft substitute is dis posed of today. Senator Barkley is expected to offer a modified version of the Wherry amendment. Senator Wherry, Republican, of Nebraska told a reporter, however “I won’t accept anything that's not better than we got." The Nebraskan is not on the Banking Committee, but has taken an active part in shaping floor action on price control heretofore. Taft Sympathetic. Senator Taft is on the committee, and received Senator Barkley’s re vision of his amendment sympa thetically last night. He called it "a very reasonable proposal for dis cussion.” Senator Barkley said he had at tempted to simplify Senator Taft's pricing provision by cutting out ref erences to such things as "weighted average increases.” "We talked a good deal about weighted average increases.” Senator Barkley reported after yesterday's closed, three-and-a-half-hour ses sion. '‘We finally decided that a good example of a weighted average increase was weighing a horse and a rabbit and dividing it by two.” Senator Barkley said he was “very hopeful” of obtaining an agreement today within the committee. If the committee completes work on the bill today, it has authority to report it to the Senate in time to be taken up tomorrow. Wherry Assails “Terrorism." In a radio broadcast last night, Senator* Wherry charged Chester Bowles, retiring stabilization direc tor, is conducting “a campaign of terrorism” in an effort to “perpetu ate the obstructionist controls of the OPA.” Senator Wherry termed Mr. Bowles an "apostle of fear and panic," and declared Mr. Bowles had made "claims of shortages” and skyrocket ing prices which had not developed. Senator Taft also accused admin istration spokesmen of making hys terical statements about the price situation since OPA died Sunday night, and urged the public not to be 'stampeded" while Congress is trying to “straighten out the con fusion into which President Tru man's veto of the OPA bill has thrown the :ountry." British Jail Ten Germans HAMBURG. July 4 (iP).—Ten Ger mans, including three former sol diers. were sentenced by a British military court yesterday to prison terms ranging up to five years for taking part in an anti-British dem onstration in Hamburg's city hall square June 27. Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE At Philadelphia—First Game— Boston_ 10 — Philadelphia 20 — Batteries—Ferriss and Partee; Marchll don and Rosar. New York at Washington, 1:30-3:30. Cleveland at Detroit. 1:30-3:30. St. Louis at Chicago, 1:30-3:30. NATIONAL LEAGUE At New York—First Game— Brooklyn ... 00 — New York 30 — Batteries—Hatten and Edwards: Koslo and Lombardi. At Boston—First Game— Philadelphia 000 0 — Boston_ 000 0 — Batteries—Judd and Seminick; Wright and Masi. Pittsburgh at Cincinnati, 1:30-3:30. Chicago at St. Louis, 1:30-3:30. Today's Home Runs National League Mize, New York (1st), 1 on. THEODORE W. NOYES. —Photo by Blackstone, New York. 20% Rise in Meat Cost Expected When Stocks Reach D. C. Markets Large Supplies Due In Next Few Days, Distributors Say Meat will come rolling into Washington tomorrow. Saturday or certainly by Monday, but the housewife will have to pay at least 20 per cent more for the average cut. Joseph Danzansky, counsel for the Merchants and Manufacturers Association’s meat division, predicted today. He explained that the wholesaler will have to pay 32 to 38 cents a pound. Two cents will be added on the sale to retailers, whose markup will probably be 15 to 20 per cent. That is the Overall average for the carcass, he explained. Some cuts will be considerably more expensive. With the end of the slaughterers’ subsidy, Mr. Danzansky said, whole salers and retailers pass along the additional cost to the consumers. Wholesalers paid about 22 cents un der OPA ceilings. Demonstration Planned. Consumer groups planned a mass meeting for 5:30 p.m. today at the Monument Grounds in favor of price-control legislation. The meet ing was sponsored by the Emergency Price-Control Committee. In addition to Increased costs for meat, butter, milk and poultry, con sumers are faciog spotty increases from individual merchants, accord ing to complaints reaching the local OPA office. The office, according to an OPA spokesman, got two complaints from buyers making purchases at the same store that the store had stopped selling lemons at the OPA ceiling of 14 cents a pound and was now selling them for 5 cents apiece. Another complained that a mer chant had demanded 67 cents for a quarter pound of butter. Hucksters’ Prices Go Up. Complaints reaching The Star came from a restaurant which said a wholesaler charged 90 cents a pound for ground beef and from a womln who reported she had been charged 25 cents for a loaf of bread. A Civil Service Commission official reported that hucksters selling from carts were asking 25 cents a pound and $1.25 a small bunch for green bananas. > Russell C. Hawes. University of | Maryland marketing specialist, re ported, however, that with the re moval of ceiling prices, practically all fresh fruits and vegetables are selling at lower levels. Best buys, he said, include cabbages, white po tatoes, lettuce and carrots. Other reasonably priced fresh vegetables include beets, peas and summer squash. Fruits, Vegetables Plentiful. Among the fruits, according to Mr. Hawes' report, appricots, canta loupes. peaches, plums and water ■ (See -CEILINGS, Page A-5.) Brick Works Closed By OPA Price Ceiling Prepares to Reopen Frederick (Md.) Plant Suspended 6,000,000 Output in 1944 By Robert J. Lewis Star Staff Correspondent FREDERICK. Md., July 4— The Frederick Brick Works, Inc., which for more than two years has been closed down while it battled with OPA over a price in crease that never was forthcom ing, is preparing to resume pro : duction now that OPA controls have expired. This was disclosed today by J i Walker Carty, president of the Arm, who said he expected the plant to be turning out bricks by mid-August. Normal production before the shutdown on March 31, 1944, was about 6.000.000 bricks a year—suf ficient to build approximately 500 average-size homes. Lewis J. Martz, plant manager, said. Large Part to District. A large percentage of the yearly output was shipped to the imme diate Washington area and it is expected that some brick may be available fiom this source in the future for District builders, Mr. Martz said machinery is now , being overhauled and repairs to j kilns are under way. Hauling of clay will begin next week. About 40 men will be needed for capacity operations. No steps have as yet been taken to line up a labor force, however, the plant manager said. “Some of our old men we had to ; let go have inquired about coming I back," he explained. "I think we'll (See BRICKS, Page A-5.) Airline Ground Crew Ordered Back to Work By tn* Associated Press ST. PAUL, July 4.—Striking Northwest Airlines ground crews j have been ordered to return to I work at their next regular shift by officers of the International Associa tion of Machinists, Joseph P. Ram ; sev of Washington, union grand lodge representative, said. The union's 946 members left their ; NWA maintenance and service posts at 6 a.m. yesterday, ground ing planes from New York to Seattle. Wash. Mr. Ramsey said the union’s officer;, voted to order the machin ists to work after receipt of official notice of President Truman's ex I ecutive order creating an emer gency board to investigate the wage and contract dispute between the union and the airlines. "The agreement to return to work is temporary in view of the Presi dent's orders." Ramsey said. UNRRA Aide in Russia Protests Halting Shipments of Tractors By the Associated Press MOSCOW, July 4.—Robert Living ston, acting chief of the UNRRA mission in White Russia, said today he had protested an order which he reported halted the shipment of UNRRA tractors to White Russia and the Ukraine on the ground that the Soviet Union was exporting trac tors to Argentina. He said he sent the protest to Director General F. H. La Guardia. Mr. La Guardia said in Washing ton yesterday that the shipment of 322 tractors had been certified for Russia a few days ago. He said there was ‘'no justification for the statement" that exports had been halted. He said UNRRA had no in formation on the shipment of Soviet tractors to Argentina and that “our mission informs us to the contrary.” Mr. Livingjiton said in an inter view, “I don't think there is any ex cuse for cutting off the supplies.” “White Russia is not exporting tractors to anybody,” he said. “And, after all, there are the UNRRA agreement terms to be observed. It isn't right just to turn off the tap without warning.” Some 900 tractors were promised in the White Russia program and 1,600 were scheduled for the Ukraine. No tractors were reported to have arrived yet. Senate Rejection of Curb On Help for Russia Urged By the Associated Press Assistant Secretary of State Clay ton last night urged the Senate to strike from a pending UNRRA ap propriation bill a provision which would deny aid to Russia if it cen sors news about UNRRA operations. In a 1,500-word letter to Senate President McKellar, Mr. Clayton declared that this provision, already passed by the House, “would seri ously complicate all our relations with the Soviet Union and would, without achieving any tangible bene fit for us, make far more difficult negotiations on many other issues." Mr. Clayton said that while Russia maintains its general censorship rules, “no attempt has in fact been made to restrain the free flow of in formation regarding the distribu tion of UNRRA supplies." T. W. Noyes, 88, Editor of Star, Dies at His Home Was Hailed as City's Foremost Citizen on 80th Birthday Theodore W. Noyes, editor-in chief of The Star since 1908, died shortly before 2 a.m. today at his home, 1730 New Hampshire avenue. He was 88 years old. Death resulted from the infirmi ties df age complicated by a long illness. In June of 1943 Mr. Noyes suf fered a slight stroke and while he recovered without impairment of his faculties he never felt strong enough to return to The Star office, spending his time quietly at home and, for the past few summers, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Smith Hempstone, at White Chim neys, near Bethesda, Md. He grew weaker during the past winter and spring and death came quietly in his sleep. Mr. Noyes was the oldest em ploye of The Star at the time of his death, both in years and serv ice. He came to The Star, to work under his father, the late Crosby S. Noyes, nearly 70 years ago. When his father died in 1908. Mr. Noyes became editor—the second editor in the history of the paper under its present owmership which began in 1867. Unflagging Interest in Washington. Mr. Noyes had been active in the editorial supervision and direction of The Star up to the time he was stricken three years ago. For several years previously he had carried on his activities from his study in his home at 1730 Newr Hamp shire avenue, occasionally visiting The Star office. But he was closely in tquch with his associates and assistants by direct telephone to The Star switchboard and never relaxed his attention to what went into the paper, dictating notes or suggestions on Star policies and occasionally writing editorials on matters with w hich he thought The Star should be especially concerned. To the end he was absorbed in the physical and spiritual develop ment of Washington, noting with unflagging interest every step in that direction. Few- men had more inti mate acquaintance with the plans for the Capital; none, it is believed, was more closely identified with the growth of Washington that had , taken place during his long life time. This thought was the theme of ; those who spoke at the birthday din 1 ner. given in his honor by citizens ; of Washington on January 26. 1938. And in acknowledging the tributes on that occasion, Mr. Noyes looked back over 80 years to the Wash ington he knew as a boy—-‘the straggling country village * * * with zigzag grades, no sewerage, no street cars, no water supply except from pumps and springs, unimproved reservations, second-rate dwellings and streets of mud and mire." This he contrasted with the Washington of today, but his hopes were bound up in the Washington he saw for tomorrow—‘‘not only the most beau tiful capital in the world, but de veloped on lines of wisdom and equity by the Washington commu nity * * * the people who constitute the real Washington as distinguished from the material shell which houses and environs them and above all an American city, not filled with political defectives and delinquents, lower in status in some respects than aliens, but populated by red-blooded Americans with the privileges and powers in national representation, at least, which belong to them by right as Americans.’' uorn on "lhe Island. Theodore Williams Noyes was born January 26. 1858, at 86 G street South, on what was then known as “The Island,” between the city canal and the Potomac River. He was the first son of Crosby Stuart and Elizabeth Williams Noyes, who had been married two years previously. His father, a native of Minot. Me., had come to Washington in 1847 and when Theodore was born was connected with Tire Evening Star, founded in 1852. The child's infancy was darkened by the Civil War and his earliest i impressions included an account, by his father, of the assassination of President Lincoln. His first academic training was received at the fourth district school, a humble brick struc ture at Sixth and D streets S.W. When he was only 12 years of age, he won the Amos Kendall Scholar ship which entitled him to enter the preparatory department of Colum bian College inow George Washing ton University) in 1870. He was i graduated from Columbian Univer ! sity with highest honors and with the A. M. degree in 1877. He also j received an LL. B. degree from i Columbian University Law School in ! 1882; also an LL. M. in 1883. At ! about the same date he was ad mitted to the District of Columbia bar. But newspaper work, so to say, was "in his blood," and it is interesting to note that much of his final year (Continued on Page A-3. ColumnT.) 6 U. S. Warships Visit Danes COPENHAGEN. July 4 (/Pi.—Six United States warships—the cruisers Houston and Little Rock and four destroyers—arrived in Danish wa ters today under command of Ad miral H. Kent Hewitt, commander of United States naval forces in Eu rope. Admiral Hewitt was received by Harald Petersen, Danish Minister oi Defense. No Late Edition Today The Star observes Inde pendence Day by eliminating late afternoon editions. Sub scribers to the Night rinal Edition will receive the regu lar Home Edition.