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Frank R. Kent
The Great Game of Politics Conversation ‘Leaks’ Should Warn President of Untrustworthy Confidants In public as in private life often the little things are more up setting than the big ones. A man can stand a streak of real ad versity with unshaken urbanity, but wilt badly under the pin pricks of a lot of petty annoyances. Recent experiences of President Truman seem to point up this belief. Not that the President has begun to wilt but, considering me mings tnat nave Deen Happen ing to him, it is easy to understand how he could. No one thinks that Mr. Truman lacks either courage or stamina, tie would, his friends say, take a real blow like a man. For ex ample, the re f us a 1 of Con gress to heed his recom menda tions and the extra ordinary economic and political crisis Into which its course on OPA has thrust him and the country do not appall Frink R. Kent. me ricsiucm. it 15 asserted, would defeat for re-election be more than he could bear with a smile. Also, they say, he can stand criti cism and denunciation without great anger or violent resentment. That sort of thing from his oppon ents is part of the game and to be expected. What does upset him, however, Is the fact that he can never safely be indiscreet in his conversation, even among his inti mates. Nor can he privately in dulge safely in the luxury of saying or writing exactly what hie thinks or feels. If he relaxes his self-restraint even a little the results are unpleas ant. Tobey Letter An Example. The latest example of this was the letter he wrote to Senator Tobey of New Hampshire, which was seized upon as an “amazing” and “unprecedented" presidential rebuke to a member of the Senate. The effort was made to show that Mr. Truman could not tolerate be ing differed with; that he insisted on every senatorial friend being a “rubber stamp,” etc., etc. Of course, the letter showed none of those things. Certainly, Mr. Tru man would have been smarter not to have written at all, but it was a natural enough letter from a Presi dent to a senatorial friend who had frustrated him in what he consid ered a good plan—one he had very much at heart. Also, it was a very personal letter, and not at all an unfriendly letter, signed not “Harry S. Truman” but "Harry,” and the absence of bitterness was certainly evinced by the rather engaging words in his own handwriting at the bottom—“come to see me.” Clearly Personal. There was nothing in the letter to cause real offense unless it was pur posely interpreted that way, and it was so clearly personal that Sen ator Tobey’s action in making it public is hard to defend. It was so clearly personal that the reading of it to the Senate was, to say the least, in exceedingly bad taste. The excuse that Senator Tobey did so because some of the contents had leaked into the press in garbled form is not a good excuse. For it was quite clear that he had let it leak out himself. To be sure, the whole incident is a trivial one; but it is the kind of thing well calcu lated to rasp the nerves of a man bearing a heavy load and trying to do the best he can. Perhaps it will be a lesson to Mr. Truman. This personal letter which “leaked” into the press along with some private White House conversa tions with members of his cabinet and chief administrative aides which “leak” into the hostile gossip col umns, ought to convince Mr. Tru man that he has a job where every written and spoken word has to be carefully weighed and considered; where his impulses to be frank and outspoken have to be curbed; where there are very few in whom he can implicitly trust; where the luxury of expressing his feelings is denied him. Price of Presidency. That makes the tough job of the presidency very tough indeed—but that is the sort of job it is. Mr Truman, like all Presidents, is sur rounded and in contact all the time with some men eager to make him trouble by “leaking”; and others who with no deliberate intent to make trouble do so by indulging their own desire to seem important or curry journalistic favor by re peating what “the President said to me.” But a man has to trust some one and Mr. Truman has close to him some men incapable of breaking faith with him, thoroughly trust worthy and loyal. Charles G. Ross is one. Unfortunately, he has some of the other kind, too. The sooner he discovers who they are and gets rid of them the freer he will be from these petty annoyances which are so much more wearing on the system itself than actual misfortune. There Is no fun In being on guard I all the time with tongue and pen— i particularly for a naturally candid and friendly man such as Mr. Tru man. But that Is part of the price one pays for the presidency. There are few individuals with whom he can feel absolutely safe. The next time he writes to a Republican Sen ator he should use invisible ink. Answers to Questions A reader can get the answer to any Question of fact by writing The Evening Star Information Bureau. 31 ft I street N.E.. Washington 2. D C. Please In close 3 cents for return costage. By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. What is the floor area of Ban croft Hall of the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis?— T. E. G. A. Bancroft Hall has four stories which comprise about 40 acres of floor space. It is reputedly the I world’s largest dormitory. Q. Do gorillas ever walk upright? —C. R. F. A. The usual method of walking is in a stooped-over position, with the body resting on the bent hands. Young gorillas often walk upright in human fashion, but assume the bent position as they grow older. Q. How many miles of boundaries are there between the countries of. the world?—J. C. W. A. No exact, figure is available. In round numbers, the boundaries of the world total approximately 100,000 miles. Before World War II Europe alone had about 15,500 miles of boundary lines. Q. Where is the mountain upon which Moses received the laws?— T. T. A. Christian tradition places the giving of the laws somewhere in the range of Sinai, in the south central part of the peninsula. This range is dominated by three peaks, known today as Jebel Serbal, Jebel Musa (Mountain of Moses) and Jebel Catherine. Sinai Peninsula lies between Egypt and Arabia. Q. What is the origin of our pres ent ring sizes?—J. D. A. The Jewelers’ Circular-Key stone says that Kendrick & Davis Co., Lebanon, N. H., set the standard for ring sizes many years ago, prob ably in the late ’70s or early ’80s. Q. What kind of plum is meant by the term "prune”? —F. S. A. The term prune originally re ferred to any plum. The scientific name of the fruit is Prunus, of which there are numerous varieties. In modem American usage prune means a dried plum or any meaty, inot juicy, variety which can easily be dried without spoiling. ! Q. What States permit the heav iest truck loads on their highways? , —J, L. A. The American Trucking Asso ciation says that the Western States, with Nevada leading, permit the heaviest truck loads. Nevada per mits 114,000 pounds if carried in two ; trailers and in one trailer 107,000 pounds gross vehicle weight. The roads in the East are older, the bridges are inadequate and the roads are more winding. All of these factors would tend to limit truck weight. Q. When a veteran applies for a GI loan and through no fault of his own is refused, is he liable for the $15 appraisal fee?—J. R. H. A. The Veterans’ Administration j says that a veteran who applies for ia GI loan must pay the appraisal j fee whether or not the loan is j approved. Q. What is the present duty and location of the U. S. S. Pocomoke i AV-9?—J. T. A. The Navy Department says that the U. S. S. Pocomoke AV-9 is at Philadelphia with the 16th Fleet. It is to be inactivated. McLemore— Gets the 'Big Idea' For Making Money By Henry McLemore NEW YORK.—With the cost of ! living going up as rapidly as it is, and with my penny-pinching em ployers refusing to pay me more than twice what I am worth, I have been seek ing a way to make some ex : tra money. I don’t mean . pin money,1 either. As a matter of fact, ‘ pin money is I what I have al ways had, and I'm getting good ’and tired of it. ! You didn't see any pin money | boys in that re Henry McLemore. cenuy puonsnea list ot tne 33 nign est salaries of 1945-6,, did you? I want important money. I want the kind of money that gets you the table at a night club w'here the performers step on your feet: that enables you to send out your laun dry ‘‘special” in hotels so as to get it back the same week; that makes the marriage and graduation of friends and relatives a pleeeure in stead of a heartache; that causes clerks in stores to charge things to you with a smile instead of saying, "Wait just a moment,” while they scurry away to call upstairs to find out how things stand between you and the store at the moment. That’s the kind of money I mean. I’ve looked over the money-making field pretty carefully of late, and I think I have hit on something that will bring it in. At first, I thought I d invent a washing machine that would go upstairs and gather the dirty clothes, thus eliminating the one big drawback of the modern washing machine, which is that the housewife herself has to put the clothes in the washer. Change in Stove Line, But I gave this up when I had read about and seen the pictures of the new kitchen stoves. Some one. I said to myself, can make a fortune by establishing schools | where women can learn how to operate them. The dash panels of the new ranges are much more complicated than those in the B-29 or the Constellation. I certainly wouldn’t allow my wife to "take off” in the stove of today until she had had at least two weeks’ ground * instruction in a Link trainer. '-'my tne other day I heard of a housewife who attempted to ‘‘solo’’ her stove with only six hours’ prac tice. The result was disastrous. Ice formed on the leading edges of the broiler wings, the hydraulic hot plate burned out, the bank indicator of the deep fry system went on the blink, and the baking controls jammed. She had to make a forced landing on the back porch, and only the fact that she landed on a deep dish pie after bailing out saved her from serious injury. Bin. some one beat me to this. I then turned to the study of the deep-freeze unit. It sounds perfect, but it is going to offer com plications. It already has, in fact. One man I know bought one, and the next day his wife, following the advice of the deep-freeze unit sell ers, bought food for 10 years’ meals and stowed it away. Knowing that her husband was very fond of fish she bought enough of the finny fel lows to assure him of 300 or 400 fish dinners during the next de cade. The next day her husband came home and told her that his doctor had found that he was al lergic to fish and must never eat any more of it. The Big Idea. That sort of thing is going to happen all over this country. Some people are going to have enough raspberries to supply the Brooklyn ! Dodger fans for a year, and then I for some reason or another will be yr.able to eat them. I thought of establishing a busi ness where I would be a sort of a clearing house for people who had frozen well, but not wisely. For a handsome percentage, I would ef fect swaps. Then—well, the perfect idea for money-making struck me. Sure fire. Foolproof. Can’t miss. I’ll tell you about it Monday, and please don’t steal my idea. Who knows but that next year I’ll be going Leo McCarey’s way as the highest salaried man in the United States. You know, just on the strength of dreaming about it, I have a good mind to go right down now and buy myself some cork-tipped cigarettes, and make a down pay ment on a race track. (Diitrlbuted by McNiutht Syndicate, Inc.) Well-dressed mem head jn-_ FOR DOUGLAS! A Yes sir! Men are talking about the distinctive W styling, comfortable fit and ruggedness of W. L. Douglos Shoes. Drop in at the Douglas orore ond have our friendly, cour teous salesmen show you the latest W. L. Douglas styles. « • Thi KACON £ styte Nl. 4*45 A l"-v 911 PENN. AVENUE N.W. • Mee't Sheet Exclusively) Harold L. I ekes Man to Man Loss of Harold D. Smith Emphasizes Low Government Pay for Ability President Truman proved that he can make good appoint ments when he wants to in nominating Fred M. Vinson to be Chief Justice of the United States and in naming Eugene Meyer president of the World Bank. However, while these appointments give assurance of first-rate administrations in their respective fields, they, of course, cannot make up for the bad or worse appointments tnat tne president seems generally so determined to make. If it were necessary for Eugene Meyer to prove his worth, he did it by the first appoint ment that he made, that of Harold D. Smith as vice president of the World Bank. There can be no doubt that Mr. Meyer will continue to make good ap pointments. He will name men on the basis of ability and char Harold L. Ickes. autci miiu xxut ucttiuDc txxc iiiaiiinuu of the Democratic National Com mittee or any other politician nudges him in the ribs. Harold D. Smith is an irrepar able loss to the Government, although he is a great gain to the World Bank. During my years in Washington I have not known a more devoted, able, conscientious and loyal public servant. He has added greatly to the prestige of the directorship of the budget. He is an excellent administrator. He has performed well the functions of that office and he not only has added to its standing but has greatly increased the scope of its activities— all of this without any fanfare. Early in life he adopted the profes sion of a public servant and he con tinued to lead a hand-to-mouth existence on the inadequate salary that Uncle Scrooge should have been ashamed to pay until in justice to his family, he had to make a change. Salaries Inadequate. The simple fact is that Govern ment salaries for high administra tive positions are not adequate for the ability and personal sacrifices required. Unless these salaries are adjusted upward, other Harold Smiths will find it necessary to leave and no new ones of compe tence will be inclined to enter Gov ernment service, particularly not at a time when they can double or triple in private industry the sti pend that is offered by the Govern ment. Mr. Smith was born in a small town in Kansas in 1898. He comes from the very heart of America, of old American stock. In 1922 he took a degree in engineering at the University of Kansas and after graduation he became a member of the staff of the Detroit Bureau of Government Research, at the same time finding time to take a master's degree in public administration at the University of Michigan. After holding several responsible posts in public administration, in 1937 he was made administrative assistant to Gov. Frank Murphy and became State budget director and financial administrative assis tant. He came to Washington as director of the Budget Bureau in 1939. I came to know him well and my regard and respect for him in creased during the years. Others in the Federal service might well take him as their model. I hope that his successor will not slip into the job via some political alley. * To me it is unthinkable that this superb public servant should be al lowed to leave the Government with nothing more than the uaual trite and stereotyped letter which some one writes and the President signs and causes to be sent to those who resign, whatever may be their qualities or the degree of their service. Mr. Smith ought to be given a Distinguished Service Medal. He did as much toward winning the war as almost any general or ad miral who could be named. I am in favor of conferring upon men in the armed forces decorations that they may really have earned, al though there have been instances in the past when men were deco rated who wore spurs on their heels, metaphorically at least, to keep their feet from sliding off of a desk that was as bare of work as grand mother's face used to be of rouge and lipstick. There have been other instances where officers have been decorated, redecorated and decorated again, so far as one could see, merely for doing the same job at the same desk over again. If soldiers doing desk work have been entitled to a Distinguished Service Medal, and some of them have been, then Harold D. Smith, who did at least as important desk work as any one of them, should be given the distinction that he has so richly earned. The United States should not be as higgling in conferring distinctions that have fully been merited as it has been DINE AT Air-Conditioned VENEZIA Fifteen tons of COOL, PURE, HEALTHY AIR is circulated by three 5-ton self-contained air conditioning units. Tempera ture Just right, without humid ity. Saturday Dinnar Spatial Turkey a la King “You’ll fool await whan you dine wall’’ 1356 Connectic&t Art. in paying salaries that are not commensurate with the services rendered. (Copyrliht IMS.) - - Brakes Relined OLDS BUICK "Special" PONTIAC Tree Adiutlmente Duplicate P. C. Tcstlna Machine CLIFT'S ES. toea a st. n.w_me. aasa £w*sWonji. V u>We U" cm U svu>icfcd J /ytcVu\ ni^Qin, Q,qtHC^\ 1 * Contact Freezing with Vp 4 Heavy Duty Freezer T plate* j. Ample Frozen Food » Storage ... 23 Cu. Ft T Zero Compartment a Spacleue Refrigerated n Cooler — 100 Gil* Ft. 7 Capacity FOR C00UN6 - FREEZIK6 - PRESERVING FOODS This is the latest in frozen food equipment lor home*, farms, estates, hotels, restaurants, food shops, and many other uses. All foods are quickly accessible with normal height freezer and frozen food storage compartment. Get the iacts on Amana Freezers here. PROMPT DELIVERY STIDHAM APPLIANCE COMPANY 2015 M St. N.W. EX. 1551 ---- - PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS orders a fleet of 20 new Convair-240’s I PAN AMERICAN WORLD AIRWAYS, with its globe-girdling network of air routes, is the third major airline to order a fleet of Amer ica’s most modern postwar airliner —the Convair-240. This airline selected the Convair-240 to fill its need for a new type of transport plane, to supplement its huge 4-engine ships—and to offer speed and advanced comfort features to the air-traveling public on flights of inter mediate range. It w as only natural that in its search for such an airliner, Pan American should turn to Con solidated Vultee—the company which designed and built the famed Liberator bomber, the Catalina, the Coronado, and other well-known war planes—the company which operated a vast transpacific airline service for the Air Transport Command during the war. The wonderful new Convair-240 airliner will carry 40 passengers at 300 miles per hour and with a new high standard in air-travel comfort and convenience. Below, for example, you'll find ten of the many reasons why your first flight in the new Convair-240 will be an experience you’ll want to repeat over and over again! Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation San Diago, California • Downoy, California • Wayno, Michigan (Stinson Division) • Forth Worth, Texas • Nashville, Tennessee I 10 reasons why you’ll enjoy flying in the Convair-240 -i 1. 40 Passongers—at 300 M.P.H.I Two Pratt & Whitney Engines—of the same type used on the Liberator bomber, but even more powerful—enable the Convair-240 to cruise at 300 miles per hour and better. It can take off and climb fully loaded on one engine. 2. Auxiliary jet exhaust thrust—for added spaadl The Convair-240 is the first commer cial transport plane to utilize the principle of auxiliary jet exhaust propulsion for added power and speed. 3. You ly hi a quiet, air-conditioned cahial A revolutionary new type of cabin insulation reduces engine noise and vibration to an al most unbelievable minimum. You breathe fresh cool air even in desert heat—and con trolled radiant heating from the cabin walls insures your comfort even when it’s below zero outside. 4. "Air Brakes" for smoother loadings I In addition to regujar hydraulic wheel brakes and wing flaps, the Convair-240 has reversi ble-pitch propellers, which enable the plane to come to a full stop on the runway in a much shorter distance. 5. Yoa enjoy "Sen-Level" comfort at high altitodolGone is the annoyance and discom fort caused by abrupt changes of altitude. Because of the automatically controlled sys tem of air pressure in the Convair-240’s cabin, you never have to swallow to get rid of that “funny feeling” in your ears—never feel fatigued at high altitudes. 6. Heated wings prevent icing I The Con vair-240 uses the anti-icing safety system de veloped by Consolidated Vultee for our combat pilots during the war. Wing edges are heated—entire wing surface is warm ice and snow melt on contact. 7. Tricycle landing gear with dual tiresl The Convair-240 lands level, and is still level when it comes to a stop—nor with its nose in the air! You don’t have to negotiate an “up-hill” or “down-hill” aisle when entering or leaving the cabin. (Landing gear is fully retracted in flight.) S. Why pilats say, "Thanks far thinking ef ml" The cockpit of the Convair-240 is “pilot-designed.” Full visibility—for added safety in taxiing, on the take-off, in flight, and for landing—is just one of many reasons why pilots have given this airliner such an enthusiastic O.K.! 9. New sefety-type wtagl Born of Con solidated Vultee’s wartime experience in de signing combat planes, the Convair-240 air foil is an incredibly efficient high-speed wing, but with characteristics which permit lower speeds for safe landings and take-offs. 10. Ye. relax ia easy-chair (wafer!! a newly-designed type of reclining seat gives you all the leg room you want. In the Con vair-240 there’s no bumping your knees against the seat ahead. Just settle back and stretch out in comfort!