Newspaper Page Text
Weather Forecast Guide for Readers
Sunny: high near 90 this afternoon. Mostly Page. | Page clear tonight. Sunny, continued warm to- . After Dark ..... A-9 Lost and Found..A-3 morrow. Amusements ...B-16 Obituary .A-8 -- tt ~~ Comics .B-14-15 Radio ..B-15 Temperatures today—High, 84, at 1:26 p.m.; Editorials A-6 Society B-3 low. 62. at 5:38 a_m. Yesterday—High. 86, , Edit’l Articles ..A-7 Sports .A-10-11 at 3:40 p.m.; low, 61. at 5.54 a.m. Finance_A-13 Woman's Page B-8 _Closing N. Y. Morkets—Soles, Poge A-13. An Associated Press Newspaper 94th YEAR. No. 37,341 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1946-THIRTY PAGES. *** 5 CENTS i w ' —i " " 1 -. .. ■■ ■ '■ " ■ »i ■ ■ .... ' .. ~T U. S. to Accept Paris Decisions If Backed by Two-Thirds Vote; All Sessions Opened to Press _ ._ Byrnes Wins Fight Against Secrecy In Peace Parley By the Associated Press PARIS, July 30.—Secretary of State Byrnes told the Paris Peace Conference today the United States would stand by the con ference’s recommendations in event it opposes by a two-thirds majority any of the peace trea ties drafted by the Foreign Min isters Council. Mr. Byrnes spoke in the General Assembly of the conference shortly after the Ruies Committee had pro posed unanimously that all commit tee meetings and general conference sessions be thrown open to the press of the world—a step toward the Wilsonian ideal of a generation ago of ‘‘open covenants openly arrived at.” The committee vote on freedom of the press to all conference proceed ings was tantamount to its accep tance by the General Assembly. Molotov Not Present. Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov was not present in the hall when Mr. Bvrnes made his speech, an answer to French President Bidault’s inaugural address of yesterday. The Russian delegation, which has in sisted on unanimity of the four principal powers on recommenda tions to the peace conference, was headed by the vice foreign minister. Andrei Vishinsky. at the moment. “The United States will stand by its agreements in the council of foreign ministers.” Mr. Byrnes said. “But if the conference should, by a two-thirds vote of the governments here represented, make a contrary recommendation, the United States will use its influence to secure the adoption of that recommendation bv the Council.” Beginning his short speech with an object lesson oji democracy, Mr. Byrnes said: “Democracy cannot be imposed or taught at the point of a bayonet. As terror inspires terror, so good wall can inspire good wall." Sponsored by Byrnes. The Rules Committee recommen dation on freedom of the press to the Peace Conference was scheduled to be acted on by the General As sembly later today. Secretary Byrnes had sponsored the move. Mr. Byrnes was loudly applaude when he said. “However difficult may be the paths of international ro-operation, the United States is determined not to return to a poli cy of isolation." The Secretary of State said the United States insisted that "those who fought the war should make the peace." “I hope that the delegates will feel free to express the views of their respective states on the pro posed treaties,” he added. “No na tion. large or small, can be insensi tive to world opinion." Attlee Makes Address. Prime Minister Attlee of Great Britain mounted the rostrum pext, and said: “We are endeavoring to open a new chapter in European history. We should keep before our minds the simple objectives of removing from the hearts of simple people the brooding fear of another war.” The virus of Naziism. he said, still remains in the world and it has to be stamped out. The Prime Minister, here in place of his ailing Foreign Minister. Ernest Bevin. said. “Wte are anxious to hear the judgments of the other 17 na tions" joined at the meeting wi+h Britain, Russia, France and the United States. “The four powers should not, and indeed cannot, be unresponsive to the ideas of other nations—especial ly those nations w'ho have contrib uted so much to victory,” he said. Dr. Wang Shih-chieh, China's (See CONFERENCE. Page A-3T) Jackson Will Leave For U. S. Tomorrow %y the Associated Press NUERNBERG, July 30.—Justice Robert H. Jackson, chief American prosecutor today said he would leave for the United States late tomorrow and return here "in the first days of September” for the verdict of the International Military Tribuna' in the war crimes cases. Thomas Dodd, executive trial counsel, and Brig. Gen. Telford Tay lor, deputy chief of counsel, will assume interim duties of the chief American prosecutor. Mr. Dodd will represent the American prosecution in the trials of the accused German organizations except the high com mand and general staff of the Ger man armed forces, which Gen. Tay lor will prosecute. Gen. Taylor also will be in charge of all subsequent proceedings against lesser Germans who might be called to trial. Justice Jackson will go home by way of Paris, where Secretary of State Byrnes and other American dignitaries are attending the peace conference., The death penalty for the 22 de fendants in the trial was asked to day by Lt. Gen. R. A. Rudenko. Rus sian prosecutor, who told the tribu nal such a verdict “will be greeted with satisfaction by all progressive mankind." The trip will be Justice Jackson's first return to the United States since his June 10 statement in Nuernberg criticizing Justice Black, a colleague on the Supreme Court, and charging that Justice Black wanted time “to cover up facts in volving a case before the court. President Truman has said he tried without success to deter Jus-! tice Jackson from making the at tack. On July 3, Justice Jackson said he had no information that Mr. Truman had asked for his resigna tion. 4 Missing Marines Being Hunted After Chinese Ambush Kills 4 Prompt Defense Saved Convoy From Attackers Dressed as Reds, Army Officer Declares ly the Associated Press PEIPING, July 30. — Three hundred Chinese, some wearing the bluish green uniforms of Communists, killed at least four United States Marines and wounded 19 others with auto matic weapons, rifles and gren ades during a violent four-hour attack on a truck convoy of 100 Leathernecks, eyewitnesses re lated today. A search is being marie for other Marines, believed to be still missing. The attackers, lying in ambush in cornfields near Hohsiwu, 35 miles southeast of Peiping, would have wiped out the convoy had the Marines not elected to jump back in the trucks and roar away under fire, the witnesses said. (In Nanking. Chou En-lai. chief Communist negotiator in . efforts to settle China's fratri cidal strife, expressed belief that the clash resulted from Marine provocation of Communist forces during the past three weeks and added that "Communists have absolutely no intention of un leashing a conflict." He said All Tel Aviv Placed Under Curfew in Hunt For Hotel Bombers Residents of Jewish City May Leave Homes Only During Two-Hour Period By thf Associated Press JERUSALEM. July 30.—British troops placed the 200.000 resi dents of the all-Jewish city of Tel Aviv under virtual house arrest at dawn today as they opened a prolonged and delib erate roundup aimed at finding the persons who bombed the King David Hotel in Jerusalem last week. , The entire city was placed under a 22-hour-a-da.v curfew, with residents forbidden, under pain of being shot on sight, to leave their homes except during an authorized two-hour pe riod for purchasing food and other supplies. Lt. Gen. Sir Alan Cunningham. British high commissioner for the tioubkd Holy Land, said the British had ' clear evidence of the existence of terrorists in Tel Aviv and that some if not all of those who took pan in the Jerusalem crime came from that town.” Eighty-seven bodies have been re covered from the bombed hotel and 24 persons are missing. Under Rigid Curfew. A high-ranking officer in Jerusa lem said the world's only all-Jewish city probably would be under the rigid curfew for several days while soldiers and Palestine police carried on the steady house-to-house search, which officials predicted would result in the arrest of 2.000 to 3,000 men and women. The searchers also were believed to be seeking arms caches and clandestine radio transmitters oper ated by such Jewish underground organizations as Irgun Zvai Leumi and the Stern gang, whose mem bers, an army officer said, were the principal objects of the roundup. It, ^as the second time in a month that the city had been placed under rigid curfew restrictions, turning the normally bustling city into a ghost town. A month ago Jewish institu (See PALESTINE, Page A-5.)~ Late News Bulletin Heirens Wcp't Confess CHICAGO </P).—An elaborate plan for William Heirens to confess formally the Suzanne Degnan kidnap-killing and two other slayings collapsed today when State’s Attorney W'illiam J. Tuohy announced the youth would say only, “I don’t remember.” Mr. Tuohy had announced earlier that Heirens had started making his statement in the Degnan case, but he disclosed three hours later that the responses were of no consequence. He said he would “proceed with the murder charges.” (Earlier Story on Page A-12.) Communists have been provoked by Marine intrusions into their areas.) (From Shanghai. Associated Press Correspondent Spencer gMoosa radioed that informed ob servers were speculating that the battle may have been provoked by the Communists in an attempt j to create public sentiment in | America for immediate with- | drawal of all American forces from China, i Maj. Fred J. Frees, of Sioux Falls. S. Dak., who was with the convoy of replacements bound for Peiping from Tientsin, said the attack erupted "like an explosion.” "They threw everything at us dur ing the first hour of attack except the kitchen sink.” chimed in Sergt. James West, of Cincinnati. Maj. Frees and West, both Army men. were convoyed passengers. Maj. Frees, a special service offi cer for Peiping headquarters, told the Associated Press. "If the Marines had not reacted as efficiently and swiftly as they did the convoy would have been I taken in the first rush.” He refused to identify the at tackers as Communists, but said he saw two dead Chinese on the road who wore "bluish green uniforms," the color of those worn by Com munists. Some Attackers in Uniform. Some of the attackers were in uniform, others in farmer clothing and some wore only shorts. “We could see them running through the corn rows and * they looked like Indians on the war path,” Maj. Frees said. “We had been told by the Marines we were in a danger area. When we heard shooting we leaped from our vehicle and dove into the fields. “Three or four hand grenades ex ploded lees than 20 feet from us. We scrambled into a. depression in the sand and all the time we were there bullets plowed into the bank or whistled over our heads." Firing from both sides was heav iest during the first hour. After a few minutes’ fighting, the Marine defenders drove oft assaults and the attackers never again approached within hand-grenade range, al though the Chinese several times attempted to close in. “There is no doubt the attackers were really out to get the convoy,” Maj. Frees said. “The ambush was very well timed, very well prepared" and was made from both sides of the highway under cover of cornfields reaching to the road. Marine Seni for Aid. The ambush occurred at noon yesterday. About 1:30 p.m.. a Ma rine was sent through the encircle ment to obtain aid. "No help came,” Ma.i. Frees said, "but we planned our escape. "Trucks pulled out of the fight ing area at full speed. Drivers held their gas pedals down to the floor boards.” Sergt. West said the trucks left the area at 5 to 10 second intervals, then regrouped after getting out of the danger area. "The attackers kept firing a.s we pulled out," Frees said. "During the ride to Peiping, everybody kept busy giving first aid to the wounded. A jeep was sent ahead for an ambulance which met the convoy outside the city wall. Several of the men suffered from heat prostration. That was the worst part of the fight—intense heat.” Aid Reported Sent. The Marines said 300 Leather necks from Tientsin, equipped with at least a dozen 105-mm. howitzers and supported by planes, were rushed to the aid of the ambushed convoy. But other sources said the Communists had retreated before the patrol arrived. The Marine Corps refused to state officially the number of casualties. It merely stated in a press release that "we had casualties and there were some casualties among the force that attacked us.” The re lease described the assailants as “uniformed armed Chinese esti mated to be about 300 men.” Marine sources said the dead have not been identified. Names of the men who suceeded in reaching Pei ping were being checked with the list of those scheduled to go out on the convoy from Tientsin. A Marine patrol which left Tien tsin last night was unable to make a thorough search of the battle area but planned to do so before re turning to Tientsin this morning. The two Army men acknowledged they took an active, part in the fighting. The attackers also suf fered losses. Chinese sources said two of the (See MARINES, Page A-2.) Increase in Price of Bread Seen; Wholesale Ciaarettes Boosted The possibility .of higher prices on bread and other bakery products appeared today. In another devel opment on the price front a large cigarette manufacturer announted an increase in the wholesale rate Of 4 cents a carton. A decision as to whether price ceilings on bakery products can be maintained in the face of uncon trolled wheat prices was expected to be reached at a meeting of OPA officials this afternoon. An official of the pricing agency | said OPA had under consideration a request from the baking industry for a 1-cent increase in the price of a pound loaf of bread, along t with a 25 per cent rise in pricer of biscuits and crackers and an in crease of from 15 to 25 per cent in doughnuts and other baked sweets Some increase In bakery prices will have to be passed on to con sumers in any event, one informed source said, because of recent ad vances in the price of sugar and termination of Government subsi dies on flour. OPA last month' approved a 1 cent increase in the ceiling prices of all types of bread except rye. Rye bread was advanced 2 cents a loaf in April. Meanwhile, retail prices of men s ' (See PRICES, Page A-3.) 1 I 4 i!!(J HKTsuEsssiwirV ANDY MUST BE 1 SOUNDS DELIRIOUS]' IN PRETTY BAD 1 TOME 5^ SHAPE ' L.J, i ■ ■ ANDRWJ.WW Truman Tells Clark To Press U. S. Probe Of Georgia Lynching ; Attorney General Says President Expressed Horror at Crime Sy the Associated Pres* Attorney General Clark said today that President Truman has asked the Justice Depart ment “to proceed with all its resources” in investigating the slayings of four Negroes near Monroe, Ga., last Thursday. •'I have talked with the President regarding this case and he has ex pressed to me his horror at the crime and his sympathy for the families of the victims,” Mr. Clark said in a formal statement. "He has asked that thp depart ment report its progress in the in vestigation and proceed with all its resources to investigate this and any other crimes of oppression so as to ascertain if any Federal statute can be applied to the appre hension and prosecution of the criminals." Hopes for Early Solution. Earlier in the day Mr. Clark said in another statement that “I hope for an early solution of the recent shocking murders” in Monroe. He called on "all our citizens to repudiate mob rule and to assist the authorities to bring these criminals to justice.” He was referring to the 20-odd men who lynched the two Negro farm hands and their wives. : Mr. Clark said "the lives and lib erties of none of us are safe when forces of terror operate outside the laws of God and man.” FBI Probe Directed. The Justice Department, he con-: tinued, “has received hundreds of telegrams and letters from public spirited citizens and civic, religious, labor and veterans organizations from all sections of the Nation de ploring and protesting the recent mass murders in Monroe. Ga. “These communications are too numerous to be answered at once by my office. I am. therefore, making public through the press the prog ress of the immediate and complete Federal investigation which began, at my direction, last Friday. July 26. as soon as the news of the crime i reached Washington. "The Federal Bureau of Investiga tion has a sufficient force of agents on hand to provide a fair probe and the civil rights section of the De partment of Justice is examining the legal and jurisdictional aspects i of the case. The probe is being carried on in the tradition of the FBI with dispatch, efficiency and determination. The full facilities of (See LYNCHINGSTPage A-3.) j OPA Says Sugar Shortage Will End in Two Weeks ly Hi" A'tocta’ecl Press George Dice, head of OPA's sugar rationing division, told Congress to day the Nation's acute sugar short age will be eased soon in most places. Testifying before the House Com mittee on Food Shortages, Mr. Dice said that within about two weeks most housewives will be able to find sugar enough to meet their ration allowances. He made his statement in re sponse to questions put by Chair man Pace. The OPA official said increases in sugar imports, plus shipments of Western beet sugar to Eastern mar- j kets will relieve shortages. Relief in | the East, he asserted, will be “al most immediate.” Both Mr. Dice and James H. Mar shall, head of the Agriculture De partment’s sugar branch, stressed that no increase in the ration al lowance is planned, however. Mr. Pace's committee has been in vestigating the sugar situation for some time. New Overseas Edition Will Be Out Tomorrow A new issue of The Star’s Overseas Edition will be ready tomorrow. Free copies, with envelopes for mailing, may be obtained at The Star’s busi ness counter and the street floor service desk in Lans burgh’s Department Store. The edition is strictly lim ited. Please don’t waste a single copy. * . Permanent Machinery to Bar Subversives Held Truman Aim Special Group to Draft Legislation Expected To Be Appointed by President By Joseph Young Administration sources pre dicted today that President Tru man will soon appoint a special commission to draw up and sub mit to the next session of Con gress legislation setting up per manent machinery to weed out Communists and other subver sive elements in the Government. The officials said they expect Mr. Truman to follow the suggestion of Chairman Randolph of the House Civil Service Committee that such an investigative group be appointed to protect the Federal service from undesirables. The recommendation was origin ally made by the special House Civ^l Service Subcommittee which in vestigated subversive activities In the Government. As proposed by the subcommittee, the commission would be composed of an official each from the War, Navy. Treasury. Justice and State Departments and the Civil Service Commission. Declaring that the three weeks it had to conduct its inquiry was not nearly enough time to make specific proposals regarding loyalty and character investigations in the Federal service, the House subcom mittee suggested the special com mission be created to look into the matter much more thoroughly. The departments named to be represented on the commission were selected because they have the best investigative staffs and facilities to (See COMMUNISTS, PageX^X Bond Payment Plan j i For Terminal Leave Voted by Conferees Funds May Be Used To Pay Premiums on War Risk Insurance By J. A. O'Leary House and Senate conferees today agreed on a compromise plan for payment of enlisted men’s terminal leave in bonds. This is one of the few major bills Congress expects to pass be fore adjourning Friday. The House conferees reluctantly took the bond method of payment for all amounts over $50 with an amendment under which the bonds may be turned into the Veterans' Administration to pay premiums on war risk insurance, or to convert that into permanent national life insurance. Wherever the amount due is un der *50, payment will be made in cash. In other cases, the five-year bonds, bearing 2ti per cent interest, will be issued in multiples of $25. Senate Acts looav. While the Senate is acting this afternoon on the corfference agree ment, House leaders will try to pass| the last supplemental appropriation bill, which includes $2,431,000,000 for the terminal leave pay,' as well as $20,000,000 additional for the re born OP A. Before taking up the terminal leave agreement, the Senate will try to pass the House-approved re vision of the Social Security Act. Although all remaining legislation is threatened by a House filibuster against citing a witness for contempt: before the Un-American Activities, Committee. House leaders believe the! terminal leave measure will go through. The bond payment method was urged on the Senate by the admin istration to avoid the inflationary effects of cash payment. Congres sional leaders believe President Tru man will sign the compromise, on the theory that there is only a lim ited degree of inflation in permitting servicemen to apply the bonds on their Government life insurance. 5,600,000 Policies. Senator Thomas, Democrat, of Utah, said that, while no one knows how many veterans will use the bonds to pay for their insurance, there are 5,600,000 Government in surance policies outstanding. Up to date, 276,000 veterans have converted their war risk into permanent Gov ernment insurance, and Senator Thomas believes this bill will prompt many more veterans to convert their insurance, since they can use these bonds to do so. Officers already get terminal leave, and the pending bill would pay en listed men at the rate of 2Vi days! a month, for not to exceed 120 months of service, less any furlough time they actually received. To their base pay for these, days would be added 70 cents a day for sub sistence, and, if married, $1.25 a day additional. Senate leaders lata*, yesterday called up the House-approved anti poll tax bill for one of its periodic airings, but with virtually no chance of getting it to a vote on its merits. Recognizing that the usual fili buster would be started against it. (See CONGRESS, Page A-12.) j i Civil Service Urges Dropping of $1 Tonline Pay Check Deduction Retirement Payment Benefited Only Those Completing Service Elimination of the $l-a-month deduction which has been made from Government pay checks for years was recommendea today by the Civil Service Commission. Known as the "tontine” charge, the deduction has been objected to by many Government employes as unfair. Unlike the 5 per cent with drawal for the retirement fund, the $1-a-month charge benefits only those who continue in the Govern ment service until the retirement age. These survivors share in the division of the tontine payments made by Government employes who leave the service before retirement. The name comes from Lorenco Ton ti. a 17th century Neapolitan banker who invented a lottery based on an nuity payments and survival. The commission's recommendation was in a letter to Senator McKellar. president pro tern of the Senate. Would End Interest. At the same time the commission recommended that the legislation also eliminate payment of interest on retirement refunds to employes who leave the Government with less than five years of service. At present, these employes get' a lump sum payment of the funds they con tributed, plus interest. Once an employe has served five years in the Government he has to wait until the regular retirement age to col lect the money. The commission estimated the dis continuance of interest will com pensate for about half the loss in the Federal retirement fund caused by the proposed elimination of the tontine charge. The commission said the tontine charge is viewed as “an adminis trative nuisance in Federal agencies." and that as a result, re tirement. accounting is in arrears in most Federal departments. Elimi nation of this charge will speed up the accounting process by about 40 p>er cent the commission esti mated. While reporting its proposal will result in a p>ossible loss of revenue of as much as *3,000,000 annually, the commission said the elimination of the *l-a-month charge “will do (SeeTONTINE,PageA-12.) Contractor Insists Coffee Got $2,500 For Aiding Interests Fields' Bid for Wire Near Exact Amount Available, WAA Says Investigation Continues To Find How He Obtained Such Accurate Figures By Robert K. Wolsh The War Assets Administra tion disclosed today that Ben iamin F. Fields filed a purchase order for 999.390 linear feet of bronze cloth wire last April and that this request “corresponded almost exactly" to the amount available in surplus stocks at Richmond. While the WAA continued its in vestigation to determine how he| obtained such accurate informa tion, officials said their investigation in Richmond revealed that Fields Associates, representing Baumrin Brothers in the transaction, bought 53.900 linear feet of the wire. The Philadelphia WAA office had received requests for more than 10, 000.000 feet of the critically scarce material. It had only 1.414.900 to sell as surplus. WAA reported today that by last April 26. closing date for the sale, "all priority groups and vet eran applicants were satisfied." All of the 121 commercial dealer appli cants were alloted “some of the wire.” Other Receiving Wire. Besides Fields Associates, others included the Export Trading Corp. of Washington. Mayhem Products Co , Philadelphia, and Global Trad ing Co.. Pittsburgh. Meanwhile, the House Surplus Property Committee has been in formed that Fields, whose name fig lured in the Garsson munitions com 1 bine investigation by the Senate War Investigating Committee, ic prepared to answer the House com mittee's summons to testify. Representative Rizley. Republican, of Oklahoma, who presided at last Saturday’s hearing at which a Washington hardware company of ficer told how Fields offered to sell bronze screen wire to the concern, said today he did not know how soon the committee will meet. He indi cated Fields may be heard this week, but probably not tomorrow. Supply of Nails Offered. In another surplus property de | velopment, Arthur J. May, presi dent-treasurer of the May Hard ware Co., said today that a man who identified himself only as a former WAA employe recently of-! fered to sell the May company a large supply of head nails at $9 a keg. Mr. May said his company re jected the offer because the usual price is only $4.50. He added that he had no reason to believe that the man was Fields or associated with Fields. As a result of last Saturday's testi mony, WAA ordered a report from its Richmond regional office. Joseph F. Carroll, in charge of *the com pliance enforcement division here, also had his agents make an inves tigation. A report was received to day from Cyrus J. Kephart. regional director, and supplemental informa tion was made available by Mr. Car roll's office. Mr. Kephart reported that the WAA sales of surplus bronze screen wire occurred at the Bellwood depot of the Army Services Forces, near Richmond, and that the stocks were not listed in the region's inventory. As related by the WAA spokes man today, Benjamin Fields filed a purchase order with the Phila delphia WAA office last April for 999.390 linear feet of the wire. The Philadelphia office, after repeated efforts and “after continued calls by Mr. Fields," located a supply of such wire at Richmond. The supply at the Bellwood Depot was 990,000 linear feet, almost ex actly the amount originally ordered by Fields. Later the Richmond of fice obtained 450,000 additional feet. “It looks very much as if Fields knew exactly how much wire was available.” the WAA official re marked. "we are still investigating." House Passes Airport Bill A bill authorizing the expenditure | of up to $12,000,000 for an airport (and other aviation facilities at the Annapolis Naval Academy was passed yesterday by the Senate. The measure now goes to the House. Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE Washington at St. Louis, 8:30 P.M. New York at Detroit, 5 P.M. Boston at Cleveland, 8:30 P.M. Philadelphia at Chicago, 8:30 P.M. __ NATIONAL LEAGUE At New York— Chicago .... 200 000 — j New York 100 00 — , »*Uerie»— Erickson and McCullourh; Budnick and Lombardi. Coe Is Named City Architect; Hutson and Batson Promoted By Henry A. Mustin Appointment of Merrel A. Coe as municipal architect for the District was announced today by the Com missioners together with two other appointments, all effective tomor row. These include elevation of Archie G. Hutson from the post of senior construction engineer in the archi tect’s office to the newly-created job of director of construction in the same office, and appointment of John W. Batson to be superin tendent of trees and parkings. Mr.' Coe, who has been senior engineer in the architect’s office « $ succeeds Nathan C. Wyeth, who is retiring. The new post created for Mr. Hut son entails work formerly done by Col. Joseph D. Arthur, jr„ in addi tion to his duties as assistant en gineer Commissioner. Mr. Batson succeeds the veteran L. Cliflord Lanham, who is retiring after 54 years in District govern ment service. Mr. Coe brings to his new $8,179.50-a-year job as municipal architect 20 years’ experience in District affairs. He first worked (See COE, Page A-3.) 4 Believes Giving It Was All Right, but Accepting It Wrong By Miriam Ottenberg The Senate War Investigating Committee today drew from Eiv nd Anderson. Tacoma (Wash.) var contractor, a statement that n his opinion it was all right hr him to give $2,500 to Repre sentative Coffee, Democrat, of Washington, but wrong for Mr. Coffee to accept it. Under a two-hour grilling, the racoma contractor insisted that he igreed to send $2,500 to Mr. Coffee's ecretarv, Paul Olson, during a con versation under a Capitol stairs, that he sum was "for services rendered” n carrying through a war contracr, ind was not a campaign contribu ion, as Mr. Coffee has contended. In making his statements, Mr. An ierson drew the fire of Senator Con rally. Democrat, of Texas, who m 'ormed the witness, "According to ny theory, you ought to have been ndicted.” Wanted to Get Things Done. Mr. Anderson testified that he called on Mr. Coffee and Mr. Olson tor assistance as his Washington representatives “a couple dozen imes,” that the purpose of the money was not to influence any one in the War Department, “but only to set me something the Government ivas obligated to give me under the contract.” "Then you didn't pay them for In fluence.” observed Senator Ferguson, Republican, of Michigan. ‘‘You merely paid them to do what the government should do. You actu ally paid them for services they rendered." The witness agreed, adding that be wasn't interested in where the money went but only in “getting things done.” “I made out the check to Olson,” he said. "If he give it to Mr. Cof fee, that's none of my business.” Under Senator Connally's angry questioning. Mr. Anderson testified that he had no idea until late in 1944 that he might have committed a “destructive act.” Disallowed as Tax Deduction. He said he first got the idea that the payment was "destructive” when, in 1944. the Internal Revenue Bureau refused to allow a S2.500 deduction he claimed for “representation in Washington in 1941 ” “After hearing you say you were paying a member of Congress for services, did any of the lawyers you told about this last spring tell you that the statute of limitations had outlawed prosecution and that now you could make this public without danger to yourself?” asked Senator Mead. Mr. Anderson said the statute of limitation was never mentioned in his presence. Chairman Mead had brought out earlier in questioning that Mr. An derson had given the check to Mr. Olson in 1941 but had kept the in terchange a secret until the spring of 1946 after Mr. Olson had defeated j^im in the primaries of a Tacoma mayoralty election. Denies "Contribution.” After reading the statute from the original code which calls for a $10. 000 fine or two years' imprisonment for those who offer or accept money to use influence in accepting war contracts. Senate Mitchell asked Mr. Anderson if he had heard of the statute. "It says influence.” replied the witness. "There was nothing in this case of using influence to get any thing from the Government.” "In other words,” Senator Mitchell retorted, "you made a contribution to a Congressman because he did the right thing.’’ "I didn't make a contribution,” the witness insisted. "Did you think it was morally or legally wrong for Mr. Olson or Mr. Coffee to accept this check?" asked George Meader. chief committee counsel. Doubts Doing Wrong. “I didn't think that till I heard this statute read just now-,” the witness replied, “but Coffee must have known. That’s why he had the check made out to Olson.” "What do you think about your own conduct?" asked Mr. Meader. “I don’t think it was wrong.” re plied Mr. Anderson. "Do you think Mr. Coffee was wrong?” asked Mr. Meader. “That I don't w'ant to give out,” the witness responded. “In other words,” summed up Mr. Meader, “you mean it was all right for you to give, but wrong for him to receive it.” The witness shrugged and replied that he doubted Mr. Olson had de clared the $2,500 in his income tax returns. When the witness turned over to the committee letters and telegrams (Continued on Page A-4, Column 1) Hotel Bans Fala, Mrs. Roosevelt Stays in Cab’m By the Associated Presi PORTLAND. Me.. July 30.—Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt canceled her Ho tel Eastland reservations and spent Sunday night in a tourist, camp after Fala, who once cavorted in the White House, was declared not acceptable as a guest. An assistant manager, Leo G. Gaines, said an Eastland clerk ex plained to Mrs. Roosevelt that dogs could not be taken above the lobby. Mr. Gaines said she replied, “all right” and departed. He added that Mrs. Roosevelt did not bring the late President's black scottie into the lobby, and the hotel did not know that it was Fala. The proprietor of the Royal River Cabins at nearby Yarmouth said, however, it was Fala that stayed there with his mistress.