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SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS * ~ WASHINGTON NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. TUESDAY, JULY 30, 1946. * ' --——- --— --■- --; Courthouse Bill Caught in Rush To Adjourn Teacher, Retirement Measure, 4 Others Sent to White House By Don S. Warren Five more District bills today were on their way to the White House for signature, including one liberalizing the teacher re tirement system, but some others Involving municipal projects or services faced death in the House Unless rescued by some last minute miracle. The latter included a stop-gap measure for national building sites and pla^y passed late yesterday by the Senate, authorizing a »12.720,000 Federal courthouse here. A com panion bill has been stymied in the House. Includes Parkway Bill. Another was a measure passed late yesterday by the Senate authorizing a broadening of regional planning law to open the door to parkway and roadway developments in near by Maryland on the same basis near by Virginia enjoys. There has been no House action on this. Leaders of the House District Committee decided today to make one last determined effort for pas sage of bills affecting the Municipal Court, milk pasteurization, com municable disease and Jury com mission. ■a uw mu UC a^acu IV Wll* cur in the Senate amendment on the disease control bill and mem bers of the District Committee were being polled on the judges measure. It was concluded there was no advantage at this late date in calling formal hearings on the measures. Committee members had hopes Minority Leader Martin would not insist on hearings before the House was allowed to act on the bills. Meanwhile. Chairman Lanham of the House Public Buildings and Grounds Committee, said he was "making every effort” to get an agreement by the House to take up the national building sites and plans measure, which carries authority for the newr District Court. Balked by Contempt Feud. The highest hurdle faced by the measures appeared to be the Rankin-Marcantonio feud over a contempt citation sought by the Un-American Activities Committee. House Minorfty Leader Martin said last night he regretted taking any stand that would kill worthwhile National Capital legislation but that he could not depart from his re fusal to consent to any legislation at this late date which had not been the subject of hearings and favora ble reports by House committees. The Senate late yesterday passed the House bill giving the Com sioners stronger control over com municable disease patients who re pose quarantine and treatment, but this went back to the House because the Senate added an amendment urged by Arthur J. Todd, manager of the Washington office of the Christian Science Committee on Publication. House District Committee mem bers sam they would "take a look” at the Senate amendment, although they were dismayed at the prospect of another struggle with the bill in the closing days of the House. The amendment, offered by Senator Wiley, Republican, of Wisconsin, acting for Senator Brewster, Re publican, of Maine, provides that no person believing in spiritual measures or prayer to prevent or cure disease may be forced to ac cept, medical treatment for a com municable disease. Also, it would ban the sending of any patient hold ing such religious beliefs to a hospital or other medical institution, if an other place for quartine or isolation could be found. Yiarlnrt for I anrUv Measures sent to the White House, in addition to the teacher retire ment bill, include those for appoint ment of three additional deputies to the register of wills, to name the New* Hampshire avenue viaduct after the late Charles A. Langley, Washing ton contractor and builder who labored for a quarter century for this and other Washington improve ments, and to permit members of charitable, educational and religious associations Incorporated here to vote by proxy or mail on association business. Another bill corrects language of the bill recently signed by the Presi dent authorizing construction of two four-lane spans over the Potomac to replace old Highway Bridge. Approved by the Senate but sent back to the House for consideration of an amendment was a bill to au thorize payment of certain costs to property owners if and when con demnation proceedings brought by the District government are later abandoned at the election of the District Commissioners. Charter Bill Balked. The Senate also passed two other bills still awaiting House action. One provides for raising the registration fee for nurses from *10 to *15 and for the charging of fees for other examining board services. The other provides for the "flash'’ method of pasteurization of milk at a higher temperature for a shorter period than required by present law. There has been no House committee ac tion on either bill. The Senate yesterday once again refused to act on the McCarran bill to create a commission to draft a •self-government” charter for the District and the Bilbo lqill to au thorize a Federal advance of *150. 000 for drafting plans for the pro posed National Memorial Stadium. Bill Extending RFC Year Is Sent to White House A bill extending the life of the Reconstruction Finance Corp. until June 30. 1947, is on its way to the President for signature today. The Senate took final action yes terday when it accepted House amendments, including authority for a *75.000.000 credit to the new Philippine republic. The Senate originally voted a five-year RFC extension. The House shortened it. bo that the new Congress would have to pass on the future of the agency soon after It meets next year. CAMP RITCHIE, MD—GUARD ENCAMPMENT OPENS —Some of the men in the 9th State Guard Battalion, with headquarters in Hyattsville, received rifle instructions yesterday from their battalion sergeant-major, M/Sergt. Harvey A. Stein, Hyattsville, as the Guard encamp ment opened at Camp Ritchie, Cascade, Md. In the front row (left to right) are S Sergt. Charles T. Edmondson, Hyattsville; S/Sergt. Norman F. Briggs, Berwyn; Pvt. Wilson McCarthy, 1736 Columbia road N.W., and Corpl. R. M. Shoemaker, Hyattsville. Second row; First Sergt. Raymond J. Nolan. Hyattsville, and Sergt. Edward P. Thomas, Ashton, Md. Relaxing in their barracks after their first day on the drill field are members of the 7th Bat talion, with headquarters in Silver Spring. Left to right: Pvt. Raymond Pumphrey, Lt. P. H. Lenhart, Pvt. John Wright, Pvt. Eugene Burriss and Corpl. Lloyd Bowers, all of Silver Spring. There are about 1,500 men at the camp, about 300 from Montgomery and Prince Georges Counties. Gov. O’Conor is scheduled to make an inspection of the troops Thursday. The camp will close Sunday. —Star Staff Photos. Capital Transit Admits Plan to Scrap Carline Serving Benning Road Less than four hours after Dis trict Highway Director H. C. White- 1 hurst had called on the Capital Transit Co. to admit publicly it in tends to abandon the Benning road carline in the Northeast section in favor of buses, the company late yesterday informed the Public Utili ties Commission it plans to substi tute buses for streetcars on the line east of Fifteenth street N.W. Announcement of the change, which company officials declined to confirm at a public hearing before the commission yesterday morning, was signed by E. D. Merrill, transit company president. Yesterday’s hearing was held to obtain the views of citizens in the Northeast section on a transit com pany proposal to supplement the present carline with rush-hour ex press bus service on the Sheriff road and Capitol View lines to Eleventh and H streets N.W. See Stores By-Passed. The supplementary service was opposed by the Northeast Business men's Association on the ground an estimated $5,000,000 business invest ment along H street N.E.. built along the carline, might be by-passed. As sociation representatives said they felt it would be only the forerun ner of an attempt to substitute buses for the carline itself. , When Louis L. Bowdler, repre sentative o fthe association, asked if this were not to be the case. Dean J. Locke, staff engineer of the trkn-' sit company and principal company witness at the hearing, would say only that the proposed bus service was supplementary to the streetcar line. It was then that Capt. Whitehurst, an observer at the hearing, rose to call on the transit officials to an nonnce their intentions publicly. This they refused to- do at the time, saying that the hearing was concerned only with the supple mentary service proposal. Capt. Whitehurst added he had a definite interest in knowing what the company's intentions were con cerning the steetcar tracks on H street N.E., since the street is to be repaved in the near future. In his statement to the commis sion later in the day Mr. Merrill said • ‘‘It appears to us that the pro j posed extension of the Sheriff road and Capitol View lines into the downtown area, as proposed by the j company this morning constitutes j the best present solution to congest ! ed transfer conditions at Thirty ! sixth street and Benning road N.K,, and It has been our thought that this should be undertaken as promptly as is reasonably possible in order to improve our service to the patrons involved in that transfer, regardless of later plans for substi tuting buses on the line as a whole. ‘ The company now states that it plans to substitute buses for street cars on the Benning road line east of Fifteenth street N.W. as soon as the buses can be obtained and the rerouting of such buses can be de termined.’’ Routes 10 and 12 Involved. This plan would reduce one of the longest carlines in the city to a small fraction of its length. The routes involved are Nos. 10 and 12. Route 10 cars leave Rosslyn, at the Virginia end of Key Bridge, and go eastbound on M street, Pennsyl vania avenue. New York avenue, K street, Massachusetts avenue and H street N.W., continuing in the North east section along H street, Benning road and Minnesota avenue, and then splitting in two to end at Ken ilworth and Seat Pleasant. Route 12 cars travel the same route, but have their western terminus at Washing ton Circle. Under the plan, the only section of the line remaining would be from Fifteenth street and New York ave nue N.W. to Washington Circle and Rosslyn. The proposal has yet to be filed formally with the PUC. . Maternity Clinic Is Set At Montgomery School Special Dispatch to The &}ar ROCKVILLE, Md., July 30— For residents of. the Scotland area and part of the Potomac section of Montgomery' County a maternity clinic will be held at 9:30 a.m. to morrow at Scotland School. A number of prenatal patients and children are to be immunized against diphtheria and smallpox. The clinician will be Dr. George Spence, Silver Spring. D. C. Youth Gets Scholarship Bernard D. Blaustein, graduate of Eastern High School, will enter the University of Pennsylvania’s Col lege of Arts and Sciences this fall on a recently awarded freshman scholarship. He lives with his par jf-nts. Mr. and Mrs. Louis N. Blau stein, at 300 Eleventh street 6.E. PUC Approves Loan w Gas Plant Facilities The Public Utilities Commission has approved the application of the1 Washington Gas Light Co. to obtain an $8,000,000 loan secured by prom issory notes from one New York and three Washington banks to expand gas facilities in Washington and finance the projected shift from manufactured to natural gas. In announcing it.s approval of the ioan late yesterday, the commission waived its Order No. 1465, which would require that the company ob tain the money through competitive bids. This allows the company to1 deal directly with the four banks. The banks, however, may not resell the securities. The four banks involved and the amount of the total each is to pro vide are: The Chase National Bank of the City of New York, $5,950,000: the Riggs National Bank, $1,000,000: the American Security and Trust Co., $800,000. and the Munsey Trust Co., $250,000. The sum will be borrowed through 2 per cent notes maturing serially and being repaid at the rate of $1,000,000 a year beginning in 1949 and running through 1954. A re payment of $2,000,000 in 1955 would complete the transaction. All but $599,000 of the money will go for enlargement during the next two years of present facilities to meet the past war demand of Metro politan Washington for gas service.' This work will consist of installing \ pressure mains, improving dtstribu-1 tion, production, storage and pump- j ing equipment and taking care of I new business brought on by the re-1 sumption of residential building and the lifting of Government restric- : tions on the use of gas. About $3, 000,000 is expected to be spent, this year. The $599,000 will go for making the proposed changeover to natural gas. Of this. $224,000 Is to be spent in nearby counties this year and S375.000 in the District in 1947. Changeover plans for the District are expected to be submitted later this vear D. C. Area Polio Cases Reach Total of 24 The total of infantile paralysis cases in the District area has reached 24, it was revealed today with the reporting of one case each in Prince Georges and Arlington Counties and in Alexandria. The District Health Department reported the new victims are a 6 year-old boy living in the 300 block of North Irving street, Arlington, and a 6-year-old girl from the 400 block of Prince street, Alexandria. The Prince Georges Health De partment reported that a 20 month-old boy living in the 3800 block of Thirty-ninth avenue, Col mar Manor, is the county’s 14th case this year. All three victims are at Children's Hospital. These cases were in adnition to two others announced yesterday, a 7-year-old boy from McLean, Va.. and an 18-year-old girl from' Palls Church. Of this total only two have been reported from the District, Last year at this time 26 cases had been re ported form nearby areas and 25 from the District. 37,404 Persons in Month Cuf from U. S. Payrolls Federal employment dropped 37. 404 last month, leaving a total of 2.322,451 workers on the Govern ment payroll, the Civil Service Com mission announced today. The number of Government work ers in Washington decreased by 994 during June and left the number of employes here at 243,328. Last month’s drop was the largest since December, when the Federal payroll decreased by 45,195 persons. Since then employment has In creased on several occasions. Provisions of the Federal Pay Act of 1946 call for the number of Gov ernment employes to be cut to ap proximately 1,600.000 by next June 30. In May Government employ ment decreased by 33,779 persons. Watermelon Feast Set For Tomorrow at Powell The annual watermelon feast given by Benny Bcytni.k. the “wa termelon king”, of Twelfth and F streets S.W., will he.- held tomorrow between 1 and 5 p.m. at Powell Recreation Center, Sixteenth and Lament streets N.W. High light of the party for the 2.000 children will be a speed con test to select the fastest melon eaters. Maryland State Guard Enters New Training Phase at Ritchie By George Beveridge Stor Staff Correspondent CAMP RITCHIE, Md.—July 30. —A vastly changed Maryland State Guard today entered the second training phase of what will probably be its final annual field encampment at the spot in the rolling hills near Cascade. Some 1,500 volunteers, including more than 300 from nearby Wash ington arrived Sunday at the Army abandoned camp from all parts of the State, and yesterday began the first classes in a six-day program of field training. They will remain until Sunday. The purpose for which the Guard was formed in 1941—to replace the mobilized Maryland National Guard —is becoming obsolete with plans well under way to re-establish the permanent National Guard organi zation. By next year it is expected the State Guard will be merged W'ith the National Guard. Decrease in Discipline. Gone from this year's encampment is the extensive instruction schedule that helped train 11,000 men for the aimed forces during the war. En listed men say there is a noticeable decrease in the amount of discipline that was needed to carry on pro grams in past years. A principal aim during the war years, according to Niaj. Gen. Dwight H. Mohr, commander of the Guard, was to point toward training that would benefit men after they went into service. At, the same time, the organization produced military police detachments that furniah<|4 full-time guard duty at‘ buildings and along transportation lines of military and public safety impor tance. Now the emphasis has shifted to tiot duty and "domestic disturbance” training, he said, with a majority of the encampment time devoted to rifle range practice and supervised athletics. "And we're ready to take the field now in any domestic emer gency that might arise,” Gen. Mohr declared. Increase In 'Teen-Agers. Few of the volunteers were World War II veterans, but there was a large Increase In the number of 'teen-agers. Pvt. John Wright. 16. of #922 T.orain avenue. Silver Spring, and Pvt. Raymond T. Pumphrey, 16. of 10106 Brunette avenue. Silver Spring, were typical examples. Both juniors at Montgomery-Blair High School, they commented that "this is really the life." Another example was Pvt. Wilson McCarthy, 18, of 1736 Columbia road N.W. “I'll graduate from Central High next, year, and then I want to en list,” he said. "I figure this is swell training.” On the other side were such vet erans as Sergt. Raymond J. Nolan, 47, of 4919 Fifty-fifth place, Hyatts ville, an attorney In the division of personnel of the State Department., who left, the Marine Corps as a mas ter gunnery sergeant in 1926. Veteran of Two Wars. Pvt. R. D. Trussell, 48. was a vet eran of two wars and saw duty with both the Army and Navy. Entering the Army in 1915, he served with the 3d Infantry on the Mexican border and later served for several months In European waters with the Navy. He again enlisted In tlje Army In July, 1942, serving with a military police battalion in this country until he was discharged in April of the following year. A resi dent of 3529 Porter street N.W., he recently moved to Washington from Forest Glen, Md. “The younger boys are sort ot taking over this year.” one officer said. "During the war the Guard was largely held down by us older men—it was our contribution, but now we can turn it back to the boys.” * The nearby units participating in exercises included the 7th Battalion, composed of four companies and a headqua iters detachment from Sil ver Spring, Kensington and Fred erick, and the 9th Battalion, with three companies and a detachment from Hyattsville. Laurel and An napolis. Lt. Col. E. Brooke Lee, 8081 Georgia avenue. Silver Spring, commands the 7th and Lt. Col. Cae sar L. Aiello, of 5219 Forty-second place, Hyattsville, the 9th. Acting Commanders. Both the officers were absent yes terday, and acting commanders wu>re Maj. Charles V. Joyce, 6101 Forest road. Cheverl.v. Md., heading the 9th and Capt. Mark Patterson, of 404 Edgewood avenue, Silver Spring. Principal ceremony of the week will be held on Thursday afternoon, when Gov. O'Conor will visit the camp. Activities scheduled at that time include a track meet, a demon stration of sharpshooting by a rep resentative of the Remington Arms Co. and a 30-minute radio broad cast. to be carried over several Maryland stations. NLRB to Lay Off 130 Due to Cut in Funds The National Labor Relations Board today started sending dis missal notices to approximately 130 field attorneys and examiners who will be dropped from the NLRB staff because of drastic cuts in the agency's appropriations. Paul M. Herzog, chairman of the NLRB, said the layoffs were neces sitated by a *500.000 cut made by Congress fn the agency's appropria tions. As a result more than 20 per cent of the board's 980 employes will have to be laid off by the end of the year, it was said. Fifty-three attorneys and 30 field examiners are being sent their notices today. The attorneys wdll have their jobs terminated as of September 30. while the field ex aminers will leave the NLRB effec tive October 1. Mr. Herzog said the dismissals come at a time when the board's cases are 15 per cent heavier than for the same period last year. Retirement Office Moved The locrl office of the United States Railroad Retirement Board has moved from 301 G street N.W. to Rooms 1030 and 1031, the Barr Building, 910 Seventeenth street N.W., H. W. Murphy, District man ager, has announced. CANDIDATES’ NIGHT AT ROCKVILLE CARNIVAL-Arch Mc Donald (left), Democratic candidate for Congress from the 6th Maryland district, and Representative Beall (right), Republican incumbent who is seeking re-election, get set for a race on the merry-go-round at the carnival sponsored by the Rockville Izaak Walton League and the Rockville Lions Club. Clayton Gasque (center t, general chairman of the Carnival Committee, holds the atarting gun. The carnival ends Saturday. —Star Staff Photo. Patent Office Return Awaits Freed. Space, Wallace Aide Explains The Commerce Department does not have control of all the space in the Commerce Building, and di visions of the Patent Office now in Richmond cannot be returned to Washington until space is made available. This explanation was given yes terday by Bernard L. Giadieux. executive assistant to Secretary of Commerce Wallace. The Patent Office Society as serted in a .statement Saturday that the backlog of patent applications awaiting study has now reached 120.000. and that many inventors must wait more than a year for official examination of their de vices. Aware Work "Hampered." Mr. Gladieux said the depart ment and Secretary Wallace are “keenly aware” that the Patent Office work "is hampered and made difficult because its operations are now divided between Washington and Richmond.” The chief occupant of space in the Commerce Building is the Mari time Commission, which is not even part of the department. Small amounts of space are used by the War Shipping Administration, the International Boundary Commis sion and the Committee for Eco nomic Development. The last named Is doing work in which the Also in the building Is the Civil Aeronautics Board, which is actual ly an independent agency, but which is there for administrative purposes The work of the Civil Aeronautics Administration, which is in the buildihg and which is a part of t;he Commerce Depart ment, is linked with that of CAB, Gladieux's Statement. Mr Gladieux said in his state ment: V "It is the desire of the depart ment to consolidate the work of the Patent Office in Washington as soon as space can be provided. "Congress has provided funds for the return of the Patent Office em ployes now in Richmond, and the sole difficulty is that space is not now available. The Department of Commerce does not now have control of all the space in the Commerce Build ing. as part of the building is oc cupied by other Government agen cies. "The consolidation of the Patent Office cannot be carried out until space is made available in the Com merce Building through the trans fer to new locations of non-Com merce Department agencies now occupying spare in the building, or until space outside the building is provided. Hotel Rooms for 3,000 Available in Capital Washington hotels, instead oi being overcrowded, now have only about, 76 per cent occupancy, with space to care for about 3.000 more persons, according to Arthur J Harnett, of the District of Columbia Hotel Association. This does not mean there are 3,000 extra rooms, he emphasized but there are accomodations foi about 3,000 persons. Since early this month, he ex plained, hotels have shown a sharp decline in occupancy of transient rooms. Before that they were operat ed at “practically capacity,” he said .Reasons for the slump, he ex plained, included a decided reduc tion in the number of'businessmen and other visitors here; a decrease in the number of armed forces per sonnel on leave or furlough; more train and plane sp>ace in and out ol Washington, and a letdown in Fed eral activity since the end of the war. $160,000 Damages Asked For Assault on Steamer Two suits asking total damages ol $160,000, growing out of a crimina: assault August 5, 1945, on a 53-year old Norfolk woman passenger on the Norfolk-Washington steamer Meteoi were filed yesterday in Federal Dis trict Court at Norfolk against the steamship agency of Dichmann Wright & Pugh and George C Hudgins, master of the ship, the As sociated Press reported. Jack Lester Barnes, a 24-year-olc colored steward on the vessel, wa! convicted of the crime last Octobej in Prince Georges County Circuit Court and sentenced to hang. Ar appeal is pending before the Su preme Court. Joint suits were filed by Mrs. Fred erick M. Weade, the passenger, an« her husband. Mrs. Weade asks foi $100,000 damages, her husband aski $50,000 and Mrs. Robert L. Stine meyer, 1300 block of Euclid stree N.W., who shared the stateroon with Mrs. Weade, is suing for $10, 1000 damages. License Hearing Set Friday for Pie Firm Cited in Health Case The District License Revocation Board late yesterday called on offl 'cials of the Connecticut Pie Co., which has been cited as insanitary by District Health Officer George C Ruhland, to appear before it at 10 a m. Friday to show cause why their license should not be revoked be cause of conditions at the company's plant at 3159 O street N.W. The bakery, which was prosecuted by the Agriculture Department after the latter alleged it had traced cases of food poisoning among Federal workers to pie originating there, was cited last Tuesday by Dr. Ruh land and Director of Food Inspec tion R. R. Ashworth. At that time, the health officers recommended to the District Commissioners that the officers of the company appear fce fore the Revocation Board. The hearing Friday will be held in room 3114. Municipal Center Build ing The bakery was closed November 21. 1945. by a Federal Pure Food and Drug Administration injunction, after it was alleged more than 40 persons had been poisoned by cream pies purchased there. It was per mitted to reopen last January 14,1 after District Health Department inspectors found it was complying with local regulations. But, on June 28, the company for feited $200 in Municipal Court for failure to appear to answer sanita tion charges. Listed as head of the bakery in the Health Departments citation is! Mendel Behrend, treasurer. Mr Behrend has denied association with the firm and has referred question-] ers to his brother, Rudolph B. Behrend. who has been represented as president. Dog to Be Featured At Livestock Show A sheep herding demonstration by "Pete" a sheepdog that placed third in the first North American Sheepdog Field Trials at Staunton recently, will be featured at the sixth annual Poolesville Livestock Show Saturday, it was announced ioday by Ellis Roberson, president ,of the Poolesville Chapter. Future Farmers of America. The dog is owned by John Lock wood. herder at the Spring Valley Herfoid Farm in upper Montgomery County. Beginning with judging at 9:30 a.m„ the show will continue through the day with a horse pulling contest and greased pig chase included on the program. phairmen of various departments are Doug Roberson, draft horses; Earle Nicholson, dairy cattle; Nevin Hoffacker. swine: Jack Rutter, beef cattle and Charles Ricketts, sheep. Leland Clark heads an entertain ment committee and Charles Fritz is acting supervisor of the fair. Charles Davis, chairman of a special premiums-committee said *25 cash would be awarded each of the winners in the horse pulling con tests in the light and heavy classes. Exhibitors and contestants will be limited to Montgomery County farmers. Democratic Union Asks Conference on Sales Tax While calling on President Tru man "to maintain an open mind" i on proposals made last week by a 1 special tax committee of the Dis trict, for the establishment of a ! sales tax here, the Washington Chapter of the Union for Demo cratic ' Action today issued a call for a conference of representative organizations to discuss the Dis 1 trict’s tax problems some time in September. Already the Union for Democratic Action has opposed the sales tax, contending that other revenue pos sibilities have not been thoroughly explored. “The sales tax," the union de clared. "should be considered only as a last resort. The District tax structure is unsound because it utterly disregards the principles of ability to pay, sound administrative procedures and certainty of yield.” For several weeks the union has had a committee of tax experts working on District fiscal problems. A report from these experts will be laid before the conference of civic groups opposed to the sales tax. Burke Wins Legion Post Raymond A. Burke of My Mary land Post, No. 126, Seat Pleasant, was nominated without opposition to be first vice commander for Southern Maryland of the State de partment of the American Legion at a caucus of Southern Maryland del egates in the Hyattsville Armory yesterday. District Expects Tax Search to Yield $150,000 House-to-House Check of Evaders To Start Soon The District expects to raiy an additional $150,000 as the result of a house-to-house search for personal property tax evaders to be launched soon, it was learned today. The precedent-making probe will be undertaken by two field workers from the Tax Assessor’s Office as soon as bills have been- sent to on-time fliers, reminding them that the first half of their tax payment is due in September. Personal property holders in Washington have until midnight tomorrow to file returns for the current fiscal year of 1947. Check All Residences. The tax investigators will check all residences, including apartments, which do not show up on the Dis trict's property tax rolls, according to Assistant Assessor James L. Mar tin, who expects to have his men begin the sweeping survey by Sep tember 1. Mr. Martin predicted the job would take nearly two years to com plete. ’’It will be the biggest job we’ve undertaken to date,” he de clared. but added that it would be "a very productive one.” Starting "at the river," the ex aminers will "move straight through the Northwest section and clock wise around through Northeast and Southeast,” Mr. Martin said. Much of the anticipated increase in personnel property tax revenues will result from the stiff penalties facing late filers, Mr. Martin said. An automatic increase of 20 per cent is added to the taxable value of a person's property when he files late. Moreover, an aditional 1 per cent is added to the amount of the tax for every month that it remains delinquent. To Cover Five Years. Planned some time ago but de layed because of the wartime drain on tax personnel, the search will affect not only property owners who failed to file a return this year but. also any who have "forgotten" to tell the District about taxable prop erty during the last five years, Mr. Martin stated. Individuals, corporations and partnerships holding tangible per sonal property here, regardless of legal residence, may be subject to the tax, which is levied at the rata of $1.75 per $100 worth of property. Books, family portraits and cloth ing are tax exempt, and a $1,000 ex emption is allowed for household effects. However, jewelry, livestock, boats, aircraft, auto trailers and even stamp collections can be taxed. The District assessed $3,441,000 worth of personal property during the last fiscal year, the total amount actually collected being swelled to $3,472,000 by delayed payments from previous years. The anticipated assessment during the current fiscal year is $3,641,000. Only Spot Checks Previously. Door-to-door checks on business , establishments evading the tax are not new to the District Tax Depart ment. but only spot residential checks have been made heretofore. Last year checkups resulted in the addition of more than 2,900 new per sonal property tax accounts to the rolls. New accounts for the entire period from 1941 through 1946 fiscal years totaled only 1.544. The tax ing of boat owners for the first time last year accounted for approxi mately 1.000 new accounts. The investigators will earn’ field books, showing which residences have tenants filing tax returns. For addresses where no tax filer is re corded. the investigators will also have figures on the value of real estate improvements there. "We will know in advance what to expect because the assessed value of the home is related to the value of its contents,’’ Mr. Martin said. He declared that if an eligible tax payer refuses to file a return, the tax office simply assesses his property as best it can, adding significantly, "We really bear down on them, then.” Four Federal Workers Win Fellowships at Harvard Four Washington ..pea men were named today as recipients of 1946 47 Littauer Fellowships at Har vard's graduate school of public administration, the Associated Press reported from Cambridge, Mass., today. They are Morris A. Hodowitz. 1704 Capitol avenue N.E.. an economist with the National Wage Stabiliza tion Board; Herman L. Myers, 1903 Kenyon street N.W., an economist with the Office of International Trade. Department of Commerce; Finfleld S. Payne. Siilver Spring, Md., a Bureau of the Budget economist, and Lawrence Fox, an administrative analyst with the Budget Bureau. The scholarships furnish addi tional graduate studies to men actively engaged in public service who have completed one year of graduate work in the sociRl sciences. Senate Confirms D. C. Justice The nomination of Judge George D. Neilson for another term on Municipal Court w»as confirmed yesterday by the Senate. The ac tion, which was unanimous, was - taken on a favorable report from the Senate Judiciary Committee. Many See Woman Steal $695 Coat On Store Dummy A bold woman shoplifter stepped into a display window at Kann's de partment store yesterday, lifted a $695 Persian lamb fur coat from a dummy under the eyes of scores of passersby and store employes and walked out of the building before store detectives could stop he*, police reported today. Lorraine Turner, an employe, told police she saw the woman—de scribed as short and fortyish—take the coat but "thought nothing of it at the time.” Police said noontime shoppers must have seen the theft, but were not aroused because of the opennesi of the move.