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Mostly cloudy, with moderate temperatures this afternoon, tonight, tomorrow. Tempera tures this afternoon in low 80s. Temperatures today—High, 82, at 12:15 p.m.: j low. 67, at 6:05 am. Yesterday—High, 83, at 2:56 p.m.: low. 67, at 4:30 a m. Pull Report, Pace A-». Closing N. Y. Morkcts^Sales, Poge A-l7. 94th YEAR. No. 37,363 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, -1 i Guide for Readers Page | Page Amusement*, A-12-13 j Obituary . A-10 Comica _B-18-19 i Radio _B-19 Editorial* „_A-8 ! Society _ B-3 Edifial Articles ..A-9 ; Sports A-14-15 Finance . A-17 ; Where to Go B-6 Loet and Found A-3 I Woman s Page __B-12 , An Associoted Press Newspopar City Home OeiiTery, D»l!» end Sunder 80a a Month. When 6 Sunders. Si 00 5 CENTS U. S. Note Firmly Opposes Reds Sharing Dardanelles Defense; Tito Upholds Attacks on Planes Calculated Move by Moscow for Rule in Middle East Seen (Text, of U. S. Note to Russia \ on Page A-6.) By Garnett D. Horner American officials regard Rus sia’s demand on Turkey for a! share in the defense of the Dar- i danelles as a calculated move to ward dominance over the whole: Middle East, raising a serious! threat to world peace. This became known authoritatively today as the State Department made' public a note to Moscow firmly op- ; posing the demand and insisting on1 a voice for this country in setting1 up future control of the strategic waterway between the Mediterran ean and the Black Sea. The potentially explosive situa tion. it was learned, was carefully; considered by State, War and Navy Department officials with President Truman last week when it -vas de cided to make the American position1 known with all the firmness possible in the hope that this would deter the Soviet from any action that would precipitate serious trouble. Note Contents Forecast. Contents of the firm but polite note to Russia, insisting that future control of the Dardanelles "be brought into appropriate relation ship with the United Nations” and, that Turkey remain “primarily re-! sponsible” for defense of the Straits,' were forecast in unofficial reports: published yesterday. More significant than the formal j note itself is the grave manner in • which top American officials talk! privately of the matter as one of the j most serious with which they have heen confronted since the war. and sav that there can be no backing down from the position taken by this Government—no Munich-like settle ment. Their attitude is based on a searching analysis of the situation, involving these main points: 1. Russia’s legitimate interests in the Dardanelles can be met by re- j vision of the Montreux Convention j of 1936. governing their use, to as mre freedom of passage through the j straits to Soviet merchant vessels, and warships at all times. The! United States advocates such revi < sion. 2. Russia's demand to join Turkey in organizing “joint means of de- j fense of the straits” assumed to in volve establishment of Soviet bases in the Dardanelles, goes beyond her legitimate interests and must mean she has something different in mind. Forts Held Not Justified. 3. So far as defending the straits is concerned, there is no military justification for fortifications on them since Russian planes operat ing from Russian territory could close them effectively to any enemy —as the Germans closed them dur- | ing the last war by occupying the Aegean Islands. 4. No Turkish government de pending on popular support could survive if it granted bases to Rus sia in the Dardanelles. 5. Therefore, fulfillment of the Russian demands would mean crea tion of a Soviet satellite govern ment in Turkey. 6. Such Russian domination of Turkey would mean Soviet domina tion of the whole Near Eastern area, putting Russia in position to ex tend her sway into India and China and seriously prejudicing American inteiests. 7. The result would be the most. complete division of the world into Western and Eastern blocs, wreck- i ing the United Nations: Force Would Mean Trouble. Such reasoning makes it clear to the top American officials that, as one said privately, any Russian at tempt to oack up with force the demands on Turkey would mean “very grave trouble in the world,” from which he could not imagine the United States remaining aloof. This possibility was fully reviewed by the President and his State, War and Navy chiefs at a White House meeting last week. The American position was set firmly then, and! presumably it was decided to at tempt to promote public understand -j ing of the vital issues involved. “We are not bargaining,” one of ficial said “We are not bluffing.. We have taken an attitude to which i we intend to stick. We want to make that crystal clear to every-’ body. "We do not intend to be shrilly belligerent about it. We do intend to be absolutely and unshakeably firm. As far-reaching as the Darda nelles issue is in itself, American officials link it in a broad pattern with such things as Soviet-sup ported Yugoslavia’s "outrageous ’ at tacks on American transport planes, indicating an aggresive attitude of pushing in and keeping trouble brewing on the part of Russia and the Eastern European nations in her orbit. The increased tension from Trieste to the Black Sea added significance to a Navy announcement that two of its top-ranking Admirals have left for Europe on a “routine in spection tour” that will include Mediterranean areas. London re ports had said they would visit "troubled areas.” Admiral Marc A. Mitscher, acting 1 See DARDANELLESrPage A-6.t Moderate Earthquake Is Felt in Manila By th« AtsociaUd Pr«»s MANILA, Aug, 21.—An earth quake of moderate intensity shook Manila today but more than an hour later there were no reports of Injuries or property damage. The quake was felt sharply in downtown Manila at 4:59 p. m. and lasted for 20 seconds. Byrnes in Parley With Tito Aide On All Issues Kardelj Is Summoned To Hotel for Talk Of More Than Hour By the Associated press PARIS, Aug. 21.—Secretary of State Byrnes had a frank talk on all aspects of the Yugoslav sit uation with Yugoslav Vice Prem ier Edvard Kardelj yesterday, a spokesman for the American delegation said today. The spokesman at Mr. Byrnes' of fice made this statement: "Mr. Byrnes yesterday sent for Edvard Kardelj, vice president and president of the Federal Control Commission of Yugoslavia and chairman of the Yugoslav delega tion to the Paris Conference. Mr. Kardelj came to the Hotel Meurice at 5 p.m. Mr. Bwnes talked frankly to Mr. Kardelj about the situation in Yugoslavia. At this time, Mr. Byrnes has nothing further to say." The talk was said to have lasted (See BYRNES, Page A-3. > Equality for Albania In Paris Is Demanded By Prime Minister Hoxha Declares Country Will Never Consent to Changes in Frontiers By the Asiccioted Pr*ss PARIS. Aug. 21.—Enver Hoxha, Prime Minister of Albania, de manded today that the Peace Conference seat him as an equal and asserted that his country never would consent to any changes in its borders ‘‘for those frontiers are sacred.” Many of his remarks were di rected against Greece and its Prime Minister Constantine Tsaldaris, also a target of Soviet Russia. Referring to Mr. Tsaldaris' men tion of the Albanian Quisling Gov ernment during the Italian occupa tion, he asserted that all who re mained had been killed and “those war criminals who fled are in the best hotels in Rome.” He asked whether Mr. Tsaldaris would consider France an aggressor because Hitler had expected to wage aggression from French territory. It was from Albania, which Italy had seized as a prelude to the last war, that Mussolini attacked Greece. Wants Amity With Greece. Mr. Hoxha asserted that Albania! would like to be friendly with the' Greek people “but the Greek people have no influence in their govern-' ment.” He demnaded that the peace treaty “put an end to the aggres-1 sive, imperialistic policy of Italy.”; Mr. Hoxha asserted that Italy caused 3,000,000,000 gold francs dam age in Albania and demanded “as an absolute right, to be allowed to' determine the amount and payment of Italian reparations.” The Albanian received a long burst of applause, as did Alfonso R. W. Diaz, spokesman for Mexico, who spoke next. The Mexican Ambassador to Paris expressed his country’s hope that “a just and equitable peace will be con cluded” with Italy that “will permit her to join with dignity in the con cert of nations.” As the speeches droned on. an i informant in the Peace Conference \ secretariat said 250 “fundamental” j amendments to the draft treaties! and an undetermined number of others had been presented by Peace Conference members. An American source said the United States had proposed none; that its position was already stated in the five treaty drafts. The deadline for filing amendments passed at midnight. Reparations Claims Hit. Bulgaria, one of the beaten Axis satellites, issued a statement assert ing that the claims of Greece, one I of the Allied victors, to $708,000,000 ! reparations were “fantastic and in ! contradiction” to the draft treaty’s ! declaration that Bulgaria would pay partial” indemnities to Greece and I Yugoslavia. The Bulgars asserted that the j amount of. railroad equipment, cat ‘ See CONFERENCE~Page A-5.) Bullock Amok, Injures 15 ROMFORD, England, Aug. 21 UP). A bullock ran amok in Romford Market today. Fifteen women and children were taken to a hospital. McNarney and On Spies; U. S. By the Antedated Press BERLIN. Aug. 21.—A code of conduct for interzone handling of straying individuals and es pionage Suspects was established today in a gentlemen’s agree ment between commanders of the American and Russian occu pation zones of Germany. Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, the American commander, said the first action under the new code was to be the return to the Soviet zone to day of a Russian woman NKVD <secret police) agent caught oper ating as an UNRRA employe in American-occupied territory. A list of her espionage activities will go with her, he said. Gen. McNarney also accused UNRRA Director General Fiorello H. La Guardia of making ,'com-j Belgrade Ministry Admits Downing of Second U. S. Craft (Text of Tito's Address, Page A-6.1 By tne Associated Press BELGRADE, Aug. 21.—Marshal Tito, in a speech published to- j day, stoutly defended Yugo slavia’s course in which two American planes have been brought down in 10 days, de-J ! dared the country intends to in-; : sist on its sovereignty and i shouted that Yugoslavia wanted! peace “but not peace at any! price.” ! Saying he had witnessed the1 downing of one of the unarmed: American transport planes, Tito de- j nied*the craft was lost in the clouds, or was fired on after it landed. He! admitted, however, that an Amer-j jican plane had been forced to land.; Previous eyewitnesses and official; American accounts said the first plane strayed over Yugoslav terri tory from its course on a flight from Vienna. Austria, to Udine. Italy, August 9 and was forced to land after Yugoslav fighter planes wounded one of the passengers. Although Tito mentioned witness ing only one incident and did not mention the date, he was believed to have seen both. The second in volved a C-47 brought down August 19 near Bled. Tito was in Bled on that day. Foreign Minister Sends Note. The Yugoslav Foreign Ministry }n a note acknowledged last night that Yugoslav fighter planes attacked the transport and sent it crashing, probably with some fatal casualties. American Ambassador Richard C. Patterson will take up the matter with Tito personally at the confer ence tomorrow at the marshal's summer palace in Bled. Yugoslavia granted clearance for the Embassy’s C-47 to fly to Bled. Mr. Patterson’s party will include the American Military Attache, Col. Richard Par tridge. The Embassy is pressing the Yu goslav foreign office for permission to send a graves registration rep resentative to the scene of the sec ond incident to search for bodies in ! the wreckage. It also is seeking information con cerning the two crew members who parachuted from the blazing air liner and for release of seven Amer icans involved in the first incident, who are now in the 13th day of their internment at a Ljubljana Hotel. There has been no information in , the Yugoslav press concerning these incidents except publication of Tito’s i original protest note August 11 and ! today’s account of the marshal's speech. Reaction in the Yugoslav capital was negligible. New Violations Charred. Tito spoke before iron factory workers yesterday at Jesenice near i Bled. He charged that almost every ;day brought ‘‘incessant new viola tions of our frontiers and territory." “You know. I repeat," he said, 1 “that almost every day not only civilian but military planes flew over our territory, not single planes alone, but even whole sa.uadrons.’* The Premier charged that even while peace negotiations were going on, “we have come to realize that j certain countries which during the war of liberation marched together j with us do not wish a peace of lib eration but an imperialistic peace.” The Foreign Ministry’s note to Mr. Patterson brought from him the bitter comment: “A year and a half ago they welcomed our planes and now they shoot them down.” The Yugoslav note, which termed , Monday s incident a "regrettable ac cident.” made no reference to the American transport plane downed (See YUGOSLAV, Page~X3X~ Return to Normal Bread Seen in Big Wheat Crop A return to white bread of the type consumed before the famine relief program may be in the offing. Secretary of Agriculture Ander son said today the department would give early consideration to ending the 80 per cent flour extrac tion order which has given the Na tion darker bread for more than five months. The previous extrac tion rate was 72 per cent of wheat kernel. He told a press conference that elimination of the order may come as a result of a bumper wheat crop now being harvested. In addition, the amount of wheat being saved by the high extraction rate is not significant, Mr. Anderson said. The Secretary indicated, how ever, that this country may export during the next year more than the 250,000,000 bushels of wheat orig inally earmarked fig overseas needs from the new crop, * Russians Agree! to Return One pletely baseless" allegations that American occupation forces had de liberately opposed humanitarian and repatriation aims of UNRRA. Commenting on published reports, mentioned in connection with the release of British Lt. Gen. Sir Fred erick Morgan as chief of UNRRA's displaced persons program In Ger many, that UNRRA was being used as an umbrella covering wide spread activity of Russian secret agents, Gen. McNamey said: “We know of very few cases of agents of any type who operated under the cloak of UNRRA. Of these only one has been positively identified as an NKVD (Russian) agent." Gen. McNamey said he made the agreement orally with his Russian counterpart. Marshal Vassily Soko (See SPIES, Page A-#.) Delay of 12 Days PlannedonMeat Price Rollback Final Decision Due Late Today on Date To Renew Ceilings <Text of Price Decontrol Board's j Rvlings on Page A-16./ _ By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr. Rollback of retail ceiling prices on most meats may be delayed about 12 days, with the OPA tentatively setting September 2 as the date for meat prices at or close to June 30 levels, it was learned today. An OPA official told The Star the Labor Day date was under consider ation and that a final decision would be reached late today after con ferences of OPA and Agriculture Department officials on last night's action of the Price Decontrol Board in returning livestock and its prod-: ucts to ceilings. One plan under consideration byj OPA called for placing ceilings on livestock Friday, with a time inter-; val before they apply at the packer .' wholesale and retail levels. This! would allow various segments of the j industry time to dispose of stocks purchased at uncontrolled prices since lapse of ceilings July 1. Subsidies to Be Cut in January. Housewives, in any event, could look forward to lower prices on beef, pork and veal, and possibily lamb until January 10. At that time, the board directed, subsidies will be halved. This will provide a more gradual transition to the eventual removal of the entire sub sidy by next April 1, the board explained. On the question of milk, butter, cheese and other dairy products, the consumers can expect no roll back to June 30 prices. The board ruled that these commodities shall remain free of ceilings, but served j notice on the dairy industry that controls may be restored if prices rise. The board also ruled against re storing ceilings on nearly all grains; ordered price controls re-established on soybeans and cottonseed prod ucts, including salad and cooking oils, and brought flaxseed and grain products made from flaxseed back to control. 'Unreasonable’ Price Increases, In the case of commodities re turned to ceilings, the board said it i had found that prices had increased •unreasonably” above June 30 ceil ings, that supply was scarce and that price regulation was ‘‘practi cable, enforceable and in the public interest.” Chairman Roy L. Thompson said the board had received reliable re ports that livestock prices rose from 120 to 50 per cent after lapse of con : trols and had learned of many cases 'in which wholesale prices doubled. I He added; "It stands to reason that ; those high prices had to carry right : through to the meat counter, and, of course, without any price control, i the butcher could add further to the increases.” Th* board pointed out that the Government "has at hand adequate techniques to enforce” meat and livestock regulations, including slaughter controls, the subsidy pro gram and "over-riding” ceilings on livestock. In addition, thfe board said It had been Informed that Opa Is prepared to enlarge its stafT and the scope of its enforcement program. Agree on Milk Shortage. Board members were in agree ment that milk and its products will fall short of demand, at least until the next flush season, beginning in ! the spring, and that regulation of these products is enforceable and practicable. But on the third stip ulation set up by Congress—that it must be found that prices have risen unreasonably above June—the board said it has failed to make such a finding. "The information received to date, however, seems to evidence restraint and to show that in general, prices have been in the neighborhood of the June 30 ceiling plus the subsidy,” the board declared. Conceding that the board was go ing to “hear plenty of criticism” of its decisions, Mr. Thompson, in a radio broadcast last night, declared that “the spirit in which the Nation accepts these decisions of this board will, in the weeks ahead, provide a true test of the country’s willingness and determination to protect itself against the tragedy of inflation.” All decisions of the board an nounced last night were reached unanimously, it was pointed out. Major League Games AMERICAN LEAGUE At New York—First Game— Chicago .... 000 000 010— 1 7 0 New York... 000 123 13^—10 13 1 -- r tttth), Chandler BatteriM—Rirner, MaHtbefrer f«th>, Hollinrsworlh (8(h) and B« bin ten, Niar: r—. end Hayes; larhos (9th). At New York—Second Game— Chicago_ _ New York... _ Marshall**”—Cbi***®’ N*» Verb, At Boston— St. Louis ... 10 | — Boston _ 4 — Batteries—Munrrief. Keren* (3d) and Mancnao; Kerris* and Warner. At Philadelphia— Detroit_00 — Philadelphia 10 — . Batteries—Trnchi and Tebbetts: Mar rhilden and Desautels. Cleveland at Washington—8:30 PJVL NATIONAL LEAGUE At Chicago— Philadelphia 000 000 0 — Chicago . . . 000 M0 — Batteries — Mnlcahy and Seniiniek; Bauers and LiTlncsten. * At Pittsburgh— Brooklyn ... M — Pittsburgh '.01 — Batteries—Batten and Edwards) Heists elmae and Lanes, At Cincinnati New York... 01 - Cincinnati . 0 — MB.Uarle..Gee and Ceaner; Betkl and Silence on Bribe Offer Brings Reprimand for WAA Regional Official ' Compliance Chief Warns All Employes to Report Any Such Attempt By Robert K. Walsh A high-ranking official in one of the War Assets Administra-: tion’s regional offices has been! ‘ reprimanded” for failure to re port that a prospective buyer of! surplus goods offered him several j thousand dollar* as a bribe,! WAA officials said today. Attempted bribery of WAA em-1 ployes by “unscrupulous business- j men” has become a serious problem, j Joseph F. Carroll, compliance di-! rector, told regional and zone di rectors at a meeting here last week. He told of the regional official who spurned the big bribe but ne glected to report it. The briber went to a lesser employe, gave him >1,100, and in return “received his pound of flesh, namely, surplus prop erty.” Mr. Carroll said the briber was apprehended because another WAA employe he approached told au thorities. The compliance director would not reveal the name of the employes involved, the location of the regional office or the briber, who1 “faces a long jail sentence today.” Duty for Every Employe. Mr. Carrolls speech to the re gional and zone directors was off the record but today he Said the tenor of his remarks was that “every WAA employe, no matter how high up. has a special duty to report any bribery attempts.” He declared such prompt action is the only way to “nip bribery in the bud” and that an employe is a "sap” if he neglects to report, for his own protection and that of the Government, any such bribery ac tivities. An employe’s duty is not done when he merely rejects a proffered bribe. Mr. Carroll declared. Reporting that instances of bribe taking have been comparatively rare in proportion to the number of surplus property transactions. Mr. Carroll disclosed that cases of bribe-offering nevertheless are “as suming the proportions of a serious problem ” “On the fringe of business,” he told the directors, “there exists the hit-and-run type of businessman who is out to make an extra dollar! in any manner that he can, whether I it be honest or not, provided he can! obtain some degree of safety or im munity from reprisal. “Collusion” Indictments. “Tire type of unscrupulous busi-1 nessman frequently, or too fre-! quently, propositions employes in the War Assets Administration, of fering them money or other val uable considerations in return for special favors in assisting him to j acquire surplus property. Unless! the offer Is reported the would-be j briber blithely goes his way and he; eventually does find some poor sucker who will play ball with him.” In the WAA’s quarterly report last month, and more recently in testi mony by Mr. Carroll last week be-: fore the House committee investl- J gating surplus property, the com pliance director revealed that more than 30 former employes have been indicted and some investigations of reported “collusion” are under way. Not all of these involved bribery, but bribery attempts have not been stamped out, it was said today at WAA headquarters. Atmosphere in District Full of Ragweed Pollen Washington's air is full of rag weed pollen grains, according to the pollen counter atop the Weather Bureau, with no rain in sight to bring relief to hay fever sufferers. There are 29 grains of pollen in every cubic yard of District atmos phere. an increase of 27 since Sun day. The District Medical Society installed the counter at the bureau to keep victims informed of the number of sneezes they can expect from each inhalation. A rainfall might disperse some of the irritating pollen, officials said, but the forecaster predicted only cool, non-humid weather for today and tomorrow. The temperature will linger in the low 80 s today and the humidity in the 60’s, which is fine for those who are not allergic to ragweed pollen. Moderate, cloudy weather Is in sight for tonight and tomorrow, the forecaster said. <OLBETYOUV GET A NOTE FROM THE AMERICAN STATE DEPARTMENT ABOUT THAT!! , Alexandria Grocer Fatally Shot Standing at Bedroom Window Wife Declares Early Morning Intruder Fired Three Times Through Open Door Nathan Rosenberg, 51, oper ator of a grocery at Princess and Henry streets, Alexandria, was fatally shot early today by an unidentified intruder as he was; standing by the window in his i upstairs bedroom. The assailant ran downstairs a iter1 firing the shot and escaped. Mr.! Rosenberg died en route to Alexan dria Hospital. • Mr. Rosenberg's wife. Mildred, told police she was awakened about 3:30 a ,m. when her husband arose to go| to the window and get some air. 1 As he stood there, some one came up the stairs to the open bedroom door, fired three shots at Mr. Rosen berg and ran downstairs. Two of the bullets struck the groceryman in the back and leg. The third appar USES Racial Poiicy Reforms Are Pledged By Schwellenbach i Reply to Wallace Says Segregation Practices Are Unsatisfactory By Joseph Young Secretary of Labor Schwellen ibach today acknowledged that the racial segregation policy of the Washington office of the United States Employment Serv ice is unsatisfactory and prom ised that he will give the matter ihi% personal attention in order that a “satisfactory solution’’ ! might be reached. Mr. Schwellenbach made his po sition known in a letter to Secre tary of Commerce Wallace who had charged in a letter to *iis fellow cabinet members that discrimina tion against colored persons existed in the local USES office here. Mr. Wallace's charges were exclusively revealed in yesterday's Star. Knew of Problem. • In his reply, Mr. Schwellenbach conceded that he had known “for jsome time'’ of the problem, but I said that the situation was a com plicated one because the practices of which Mf. Wallace complained “have existed in the District office for so many years.’’ Mr. Wallace charged that the Dis trict office here maintains separate application files for white and col ored and requires that applicants line up in different queues accord ing to color when they are being interviewed. The interviewers also are segregated on a white and col ored basis, Mr. Wallace complained.' Schwellenbach's Reply. In his reply, Mr. Schwellenbach; said: “Dear Henry: There has just come to my desk thi* morning your let-; ter of August 14 concerning the | i < See USES SEGREGATION, Ad5.1 | ;ently was wild. Mrs. Rosenberg said: | she could see only the back of the i man as he ran away. As Mr. Rosenberg collapsed, he cried, “Call an ambulance,” his wife said. Their 13-year-old son. Melvin,! was asleep in an adjoining bedroom \ while a daughter, Barbara. 16, was! away at camp. Police said the man entered the home by cutting a hole in the rear • door and unlocking it. Gordon Spinks, 38, of 911 Franklin | street, Alexandria, an employe of the city Water Department, said he was filling a water wagon from a hydrant across the street when he heard five shots. He said he ran across the street and heard Mrs. Rosenberg scream, j "A man just shot my husband.” He l rsee SHOOTING, Page A-2.) Baldwin, Marcantonio And Powell Defeated By New York GOP Latter Two Win Places On Democratic and ALP I Tickets in November By The Associated Pr«s ALBANY, N. Y., Aug. 21.—Or ganization candidates, including 10 of the 12 congressional in cumbents who faced opposition, i rolled to victory yesterday in :New York^s primary election, which demonstrated a resurg ence of Republican effectiveness ;in sections of New York City. Three New York City House I members fought by the GOP organi ization were defeated in bids for S Republican nominations.- They were [Representative Baldwin of the 17th I (silk stocking! district, Represent jative Marcantonio of the 18th and i Representative Powell of the 22d. Upstate, six incumbent Republi can House members were success ful in bids for renomination. An ex ception was Representative Bennet of Newburgh, who in one of the more interesting races was defeated by Mrs. Katharine St. George of Tuxedo Park. Almost complete returns in the 29th congressional district, where Republican nomination is usually tantamount to election, gave Mrs. St. George, a distant cousin of the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt, 12.407 and Representative Bennet 10,706. Voting Is Light. Despite fair, warm weather, the voting was light. It was spirited only in districts that had contests. Rep resentative Baldwin, a member of Congress since 1941, lost to State Senator Frederick R Coudert, jr., in the silk stocking district by a 5 to-1 margin. Complete returns gave Mr. Cou (See PRIMARY, PageX^T) Mother Wants Boy Kept in Jail As 'Lesson' in Airplane Theft The mother of John Marsh Hop kins, 17-year-old air enthusiast, said today she preferred that he remain in Rockville (Md.) jail until action is taken on charges that he stole and wrecked an airplane. "If he did anything while he was out on bond, they would be sure to put him in reform school,” said Mrs. Katherine Hopkins, 2630 Adams Mill road N.W. "If he remains in jail, he may get a suspended sen tence.” Mother of five other children and partly blind. Mrs. Hopkins $oid that by remaining in jail and taking his punishment now, her son might gain a sense of responsibility. “If Johnny got off to easy, he would not get enough of a lesson from this," she added. “He must be made to realize he made a mis take that he has to pay for.” Mrs. Hopkins said she believed that as long as the jail had no detrimental effect on the boy’s character, it was better for him to pay his debt now and she would make no effort to bail him out. She expects to visit him in jail tomorow for the first time since his arrest last Sunday. “Please don't misunderstand me.'’ she explained. "The only reason I have not gone earlier is that I feared too many sympathetic per sons were calling oh Johnny. I don’t (want him to get the idea he is a hero.” The FBI has a confession that young Hopkins took a Stinson cabin plane from Queens Chapel Airport near Hyattsville, Md., early Friday morning. The plane was damaged badly when the boy tried to land it in a field near Rockville. The boy also faces charges of stealing a parachute and a .22-caliber rifle. This morning Capt. George H. Maines of Flint, Mich., national di rector of the Americanism Com mission of the Army and Navy Union, talked with young Hopkins at the jail for 10 minutes. He went on to Annapolis with the intention of convincing authorities Hopkins should be turned over to the union for education and flying instruction. Mrs. Hopkins said she was de lighted at Capt. Maines' interest and hoped arrangements could be made to give her boy every advan tage possible. Cut of 104,400 In Government Jobs Ordered Budget Bureau Unable To Estimate Number Affected in District Release of 104.400 Government department employes within the next three months was ordered today by Budget Director James E. Webb. The Budget Bureau said there was no way of ascer taining immediately how many Federal employes in the District would be affected Heaviest hit will be the “white collar” workers, whose group of 537,000 will be whittled by 49.000 or 9-> per cent at the November 1# deadline. The figures released were on a national level and it would be up to department and agency heads to determine where the cuts would be made, a Budget Bureau spokes man said. To Set New Job Ceilings. He said the bureau was now pre paring letters which, under the director's new broad powers, wfll set new' ceilings on personnel of the various agencies. These new ceilings probabiy will be announced within the W'eek and then department heads will determine where the cuts will be made. The fact that many dismissals will be made outside Washington and that there will be transfers of some employes to expanding agencies makes it impassible to accurately estimate the effect on District em ployes, it was said. Mr. Webb said that by November : 16. one of each 25 current employes will be dropped from the payrolls, reducing the total to 2,362,300. Attributed to Normal Decline. The retrenchment was attributed to “normal decline in seasonal em ployment” and the shift of ths United States Employment Service back to the States. It was pointed out that in drawing - up the new figures, the Budget Bureau used "man hours” instead of individuals as a basis. Two men might be splitting an eight-hour shift, equally and w'ould be classified as one man in the etimates. it was said. Many of those released from one ! department would find work in other j expanding units, such as the Veter jans’ Administration, the Post Office Department and the War Assets Administration, the Budget Bureau 'added. ! Over-All Maximum Undercut. In exercising for the first time his authority to fix agency employment ceilings, the director undercut the over-all maximum allowances pro vided by Congress. For instance, for the quarter be ginning October 1. Congress set a 1 maximum of 528575 white-collar w’orkers, but the Budget Bureau cut this to 520,300. This will be further slashed to 487,600 at the November 16 deadline. The w'hite-collar workers w'ho w’ill bear the brunt of the dismissals are stenographers, executives, scientists, clerks, customs inspectors and the like. In granting these workers a 14 per cent pay increase earlier this year, Congress insisted the $321,000 - 000 cost of the increases be absorbed by reductions in force. It set out specific instructions for quarterly maximums as follows: October 1, 528,975; January 1. 1947, 501,771; April 1. 1947. 474,567, and July 1, J947. 444.363. The total number of employes other than white collar workers was set at 2.394,900 for the quarter be ginning October 1. with a reduction td 2.362,300 scheduled for Novem ber 16. At the end of last June, the num-, ber of Federal employes around the* world stood at 2.686,000. Before the} war the number was 887,500 and' during the war it soared to above 3,000,000. Pilot, Co-Pilot Die In Charter Plane Crash By the Associated P#es« MOLINE. 111., Aug. 31.—The pilot and co-pilot of a twin-engined char tered airplane were killed in a crash early today and 10 of the 23 passengers aboard were injured slightly. None was hospitalised. Two of the passengers aboard the 21-seat plane were babies in the arms of their mother^. Those killed were' Capt. James Steen of Carol Gables. Fla., the pilot, and Marvin Fox of Elmira. N. Y., the co-pilot. The crash occurred a mile south of the Moline airport while the plane was attempting to make an emergency landing because of en gine trouble. The ship was en route from New York to San Francisco. The two crew members were thrown out of the plane. Pilot Steen was instantly killed and Co-pilot Fox died shortly after being taken to Moline Public Hospital. Two babies among the passengers were unhurt. A passenger said one of the plane s two engines caught fire about 50 miles from Moline and that the pilot shut it off and headed for the air port. He circled the field three times, the last time only a few feet from the ground. The plane was over the runway on the last round and when the pilot gunned the engine, a wing dipped and struck the ground. The impact split the Vane in half, hurl ing some of the passengers to the ground. In New York City a spokesman, for Trans Luxury Airlines, with offices in the Hotel Lincoln, said the plane was owned by International Airlines of Chicago but had been chartered to Trans Luxury which was operating the ship with a Trans Luxury crew. The spokesman added that Trans Luxury had booked all passengers on the plane.