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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 26, 1946, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1946-08-26/ed-1/seq-1/

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Sunny, temperature in upper 70s today. Clear, !
cool, lowest near 60 tonight. Tomorrow . _, 'r®*. r**f'
sunny, highest near 80. * Amusemenfc .A- 6 Obituary .A-10
-_- Comics.B-12-I3 Radio .B-13
Temperatures today—High. 77, at 1:05 p.m.: «ditorials .A-8 Society .B-2-S
low, 58, at 5:45 a.m. Yesterday—High, 75, Editorial Articles, A-9 Sports .A-12-13
at 1 pm.: low, 60. at 4:20 a.m. Finance . _A-15 Where to Go_A-7
____ Lost and Found .A-3 Woman's Fage ..B-6
-C- -9 ---• M°7k?ts-S°U!' l’°9e A~15- ~ An Wri P.^, N,wspop*r -
94th YEAR. No. 37,368 Phone NA. 5000. City Home Delivery. Deity end Sunday S’ CFYTQ
._.___ 60e e Month, when 5 Sunders. SI .00 A k?
U. S. Mail Flown
On Udine Route
By Armed B-17
First Flight Since
2 Planes Were Shot
Down by Yugoslavs
MOSCOW RADIO CHARGES U. S.
attempt to put pressure on Yugo
slavia. Page A-4
By fne Associated Press
UDINE, Italy, Aug. 26.—With
machine guns loaded and uncov
ered, an American Flying For
tress arrived here from Vienna
today with a cargo of mail and
freight—the first American plane
to fly the normal route from
Vienna since the Yugoslavs shot
down two transports earlier this
month.
The pilot of the B-17, Lt. William
E. Hutchins of Los Angeles, said he
had orders to fly to Udine and back.
It was reported here that a Flying
Fortress would henceforth make the
run daily.
Lt. Hutchins said he flew at 10.000
feet ‘along the prescribed corridor,
avoiding Yugoslav territory."
The bomber carried an nine-man
crew, but no passengers. It was un
derstood here- that passengers will
not be allowed on these flights.
Bodies of Four U. S. Flyers
Brought Down From Alps
BELGRADE. Aug. 26 ./P..—1The
bodies of American flyers who per
ished August 19 when a second
United States transport was shot
down were brought from the Julian
Alps to Ljubljana today under an
honor guard escort of the Yugoslav
4th Army.
Four coffins draped with American
flags were placed aboard a United
States-made weapons carrier after
the bodies of the airmen were re
examined today at the village of
Koprivnik, scene of their mass burial
by Yugoslav peasants.
An exhaustive examination by
United States grave registration
representatives and two Yugoslav
doctors ascertained that it is "al
most certain4’ the remains of four
bodies were disinterred front the
grave in tiny Holy Cross Church
Cemetery, said Lt. Col. Chester M.
Stratton, United States assistant
military attache.
Previously it had been reported
that only three Americans were
buried there.
hearth for Other Body.
CoL Stratton said bits of wreck
age of the C-47, shot down in flames
by Yugoslav fighters, will be moved
in hopes of finding the fifth body.
Search parties have combed the
mountains for it without result.
The cavalcade which transported
the four coffins through the resort
town of Bled to Ljubljana was or
ganized by the commanding general
of the Yugoslav 4th Army.'Lt. Gen.
Danllo Lekic, in whose area the two
United States planes were downed.
The column consisted of six Ger
man-made military command cars
and two jeeps.
Riding in the procession were 30
officers of the 4th Army and of the
Yugoslav airforce, making up the
honor guard which Gen. Lekic had
promised to furnish when he con
ferred yesterday with Col. Stratton.
Yugoslav Army Presents Flowers.
The bodies were carried from the
rugged hills by an escort of eight
Yugoslav soldiers of the 4th Army
to the point where they could be
placed on the weapons carrier.
A wreath presented by the 4th
Army and the aviators attached to
the 4th Army were placed on the
military hearse, along wuth other
flowers.
Col. Richard Partridge, the Ameri
can military attache, announced
that instructions had been received
from Paris to send the bodies to the
United States for burial.
Honor Guard for Bodies.
A guard of honor will remain with
the bodies at a mortuary in Ljubl
jana until they are placed aboard
the private plane of United States
Ambassador Richard C. Patterson
for the flight, possibly tomorrow, to
Belgrade.
A Yugoslav fighter squadron will
circle Ljubljana and escort the
Ambassador's plane to the Yugoslav
capital.
Col. Stratton announced Marshal
Tito's compliance with an American
request for highest military honors.
(The State Department, in a
statement issued Saturday night,
indicated that whether the
United States would hale Yugo
slavia before the United Nations
Security Council for shooting
down two United States trans
port planes depended on "the
''efforts of the Yugoslav govern
ment to right the wrong done ”)
Although Marshal Tito informed
Mr. Patterson that no one para
• See YUGOSLAV, Page A-4.;
Jacobson Resigns
War Department Post i
The War Department today re*!
ceived and accepted the resignation
of Albert W. Jacobson, suspended
$9,975-a-year civilian employe of
the Chemical Warfare Service who
had been accused by the Senate
War Investigating Committee of
writing a report “whitewashing”
the Garsson munitions combine.
Maj. Gen. Alden H. Waitt, chief
of the service, said Jacobsofi, who
is still under investigation, had re
ported for duty today at the ex
piration of a one-month suspension.
He immediately submitted his
resingation and it was accepted
“without prejudice.
The War Department said its own
investigation has disclosed no un
lawful conduct on the part of Jacob
son in connection with his official
duties with the Chemical Warfare
Service. Its inquiry into the acts of
Jacobson and other War Department
personnel Involved in matters
brought out by the Senate commit
tee is “continuing,” the War Depart
ment added.
A
Proposed Revisions of Treaties
Look Like D. C. Telephone Book
With Many More Amendments Expected,
Paris Parley May Last for Months
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
Star Staff Correspondent
PARIS, Aug. 26.—As the Political and Territorial Commission
which is working on a peace treaty for Romania wound its tor
tuous way through two and a half hours of fruitless discussion at
its session Saturday, A. E. Bogolomov, Russian delegate, took time
out to wave at his colleague something which looked suspiciously
like the Washington telephone book.
neie, ne torn tne commission, is
| the Russian text of some . 250
| amendments proposed by peace
j conference member states. He said
I it was to be expected that an even
: larger collection of amendments to
;the treaty drafts drawn up by the
Big Four would be proposed by va
! nous invited powers. He implied
i the conference has a long way to go.
It is a mistake to suppose that
; because, in the last few days,, the
peace conference here has produced
too few fireworks to merit a promi
nent position on newspaper front
pages, it is therefore “bogging
down" or “petering out.”
On the contrary, of course, it is
just getting started .with its busi
ness. The various commissions, the
rules under which they and the
plenary conference will operate now
established, have at last started to
sweat their w'ay through the pro
posed treaties, word by word and
line by line, trying to work out an
amended form in which the con
ference can agree to send the
treaties back to the council of Big
Four foreign ministers for their
final decision as to what is to be
done with Italy. Romania. Hungary,
Bulgaria and Finland.
But to suppose that, because the
conference has cleared its proced
ural hurdles, its path is now smooth
and straight would be equally mis

taken. The trouble is not only that
there lies ahead a mountain range
of fundamental disagreements, in
which the Trieste issue and that of
the freedom of trade and navigaticAi
along the Danube constitute per
haps the highest peaks. The im
mediate trouble, becoming more ap
parent every minute, is the almost
I endless bickering with which, in the
nature of things, a mass of picayune
amendments and suggestions of no
real importance or relevance must
be greeted.
Tour Hours on 13 Lines.
What makes Mr. Bogolomov's
“telephone book'’ a rather scarey
thing is the thought that work in
various commissions on the treaty
drafts last week had only one posi
tive result: Approval on Friday, with
some amendment, of the first three
paragraphs of the preamble of the
Italian treaty draft—a scant 13
lines.
That was accomplished in just
under four hours. The meeting was
not marred by any explosive de
bates. No hard feelings developed.
Everybody seemed to be trying to
get the job done. The chairman
pushed things along as fast as he
could. Nevertheless it took almost
four hours to have two amendments
withdrawn. To vote by a simple
(See NO YES, Page A-4.)
British Troops Raid
Village Near Haifa in
Probe of Ship Blast
200 Residents Herded
Into Wire Inclosure at
Dawn for Questioning
By the. Associated Press
SEDOT YAM. Palestine. Aug.
26.—Two hundred residents of
this tiny Jewish fishing village
were rounded up by British
troops and Palestine police this
morning in a move said by offi
cers to be directed at finding the
“frog men” who almost succeed
ed in sinking the immigrant
transport Empire Rival in Haifa
Harbor last week.
The village was surrounded bv a
brigade unit before dawn and the
villagers were herded into barbed
wire inclosures for questioning by
police while Army crews searched
homes and buildings. Mine de
tector equipment and dogs formerly
used for mine detection in Ger
many were used in the search.
Kaid t omplele Surprise.
Brig. R. H Anderson, commander
of the 2d Brigade, who was in
charge of the operation, said the
village was cut off before dawn and
"we believe ithe raid* was a com
; plete surprise to the villagers.
He said the village, only 5 miles
from Haifa, was one of the bases
; for persons who blasted the ship
and added: “We know' the village
has harbored illegal forces.'’
Villagers said the search was the
second conducted here. They added
that the first search was made
June 30.
Brig. Anderson said that today’s
roundup was aimed only at persons
connected with the explosion, ancf
was not for explosive materials,
arms or illegal immigrants.
March Quietly to Inclosures.
Villagers marched quietly to
hastily erected wire inclosures and
answered questions by British au
thorities.
The military operation followed
the pattern of a full-scale invasion.
Lines of troop-carrying trucks, field
kitchens, radio communication sys
tems and first-aid facilities stood
among the scattered rubble of an
ancient Roman fortress.
Three Sherman tanks were de
ployed in supporting formation. All
roads were blocked and covered
;by machine guns. Reconnaissance
planes buzzed overhead. Police
launches lay offshore and machine
guns were erected at elevations
;along the beach.
Major League
Games
AMERICAN' LEAGUE
At New York—
Detroit_ 310 000 —
New York 100 00 —
Batteries—Trucks and Tebbelts; Chan
dler and Robinson.
At Boston—
Cleveland .. 100 0 —
Boston _ 030 0 —
Batteriea—Lemon and Reran: Hurhson
and H. Warner.
At Philadelphia—
Chicago_ 000 —
Philadelphia 01 —
Batteries—Hamner and Bare*: Fowler
and Koaar.
St. Louis at Washington—8:30 P.M.
NATIONAL LEAGUE
At Chicago
New York... 000 000 0 —
Chicago .. 000 000 0 —
Batteries—Kennedy and Cooper; Wyse
and Livingston. Scheffln* <tth>.
At Pittsburgh—
Boston _ 001 0 —
Pittsburgh 100 —
Batteries—Niggeling and Mail; Heintzel
man and Lope/.
Brooklyn at St. Louis—8:30 PM.
Philadelphia at Cinc’nati—8:30 P.M.
Today's Home Runs
American League
Kell, Detroit <2dt, 0 on.
National League
Russell, Pittsburgh (1st), 0 on.
Georgia County Unit
Voting System Upheld
By Federal Court
Three-Judge Tribunal
Cites Electoral College as
Precedent for Legality
B, the Associated Press
ATLANTA, Aug. 26.—A three
judge Federal Court today up
held Georgia’s county unit voting
system of deciding Democratic
primary elections and refused to
invalidate nomination of Eugene
Talmadge to a fourth term as
Governor.
The tribunal dismissed a suit of
an Emory University professor and
an Atlanta woman civic leader
which sought to have the unit sys
tem declared void and the nomina
tion of Mr. Talmadge canceled.
The judges said it was their
unanimous opinion that "an inter
■ locutory injunction should be de
' nied.”
Tire opinion said ‘these unit votes
also appear in the Electoral College
in choosing a President, so that
there have been Presidents who did
not receive a majority of the popu
lar vote."
Trailed in Popular Vole.
In the July 17 Democratic pri
mary, Mr. Talmadge won the nom
j ination under the unit vote system
j although he trailed James V. Car
1 michael. backed by Gov. Ellis Amall.
| by about 14,000 votes in the State-,
wide popular vote total.
Under the unit vote system, each
county is allocated a designated
.number of unit votes—from two to
six. The candidates receiving the
most popular votes in a county re
ceived its unit votes. There are 410
! unit votes in the State and 206 are
I required to nominate.
In the suit, Dr. Cullen B. Gosnell
and Mr. Robert Lee Truman, former
president of the Atlanta League of
Women Voters, contended that the
system violated the equal rights pro
vision of the 14th Amendment to
the Constitution.
They said a vote in a small county
allotted two unit votes would have
perhaps as much as 100 times the
value as a vote in Pulton (Atlanta)
County, arbitrarily pegged at six
unit votes.
“The Constitution of the United
(See GEORG EATPage A-67>
Australia Asks
Probe of Soviet
Reparations
Molotov Responds
That Aussie Cities
Were Not Devastated
By tha Associated Pres*
PARIS, Aug. 26.—An Austral
ian delegate to the Peace Con
ference today proposed that Rus
sia be called on to “justify her
reparations demands,” and asked
that a special “on-the-spot in
vestigation” be made of the abil
ity of former European enemy
nations to pay the Soviet’s $900,
000.000 demands.
E. Ronald Walker made the pro
posal to the* Economic Commission
for the Balkans after the Italian
Commission had approved two more
paragraphs of the preamble of the
Italian draft treaty.
■ Soviet Foreign Minister V. M.
Molotov responded:
"Australia has not had her fields,
cities and industries devastated.”
Claims Called “Lenient.”
He described Russia as “lenient”
in asking for $300,000,000 from
Romania when “billions of dollars
of damage has been done.” Mr.
Molotov pointed out that Russia had
increased the time allotted for pay
ment from six to eight years.
Russia has asked reparations from
Romania. Finland. Hungary and
Italy. The United States,‘ Great
Yugoslavia Demands
$1,300,000,000 in
Damages From Italy
By th» Associated Press
PARIS. Aug. 26.—Yugoslavia
has demanded $1,300,000,000
reparations from Italy, it was
disclosed today with publication
of the complete list of Yugo
slavia's proposed amendments
to the five European peace
treaties.
The reparations amendment
proposed payments to Yugo
slavia from a share of indus
trial equipment useful in muni
tions manufacture, the Italian
merchant fleet and surplus gold
coin from the Bank of Italy.
Altogether Yugoslavia pro
posed 39 amendments to the 5
treaties, 29 of them dealing with
Italy and the Trieste question.
Britain and France did not include
reparations demands of any set fig
ure in the draft treaties that the
Foreign Secretaries Conference pre
pared for the peace parley.
The Italian Commission to date
has passed on approximately 1.3 per
j cent of the entire document. No
: progress whatever has been made
| on any of the other four treaties.
Nearly three and a half hours were
| consumed in debate before 18 words
of a Netherlands amendment and
seven words of an Australian
amendment were adopted by the
Italian Commission and the fourth
and filth paragraphs of the treaty
finally approved. There are more
j than 55,000 words in the five
treaties.
t hanges in Wording.
The Netherlands amendment,
adopted after revision, had the ef
fect of giving to Italy greater rec
ognition for her part in the war
j against Germany. As finally ap
proved it read:
; “Whereas after the said armistice
the Italian armed forces, both of
the government and of the resist
ance movement, took an active part
in the war against Germany * *
This part of the amendment was
| supported by Russia, as well as all
j other members of the commission
except Yugoslavia, which ignored a
suggestion to make the adoption
unanimous.
The Netherlands agreed to with
draw ihe following words contained
in the original draft of the amend
ment : 4 And Italy declared war on
Germany as from October 13, 1943,
and on Japan as from July 15. 1945,
and thereby became a co-belligerent
: against Germany and Japan.’’
It was decided to withhold action
on pan, of the Austrilian amend
ment until later because it referred
< See-CONFERENCE, Page A-4.)
Greatest Marketing Since '24
Floods Western Stockyards
By the Associated Pre?s
CHICAGO, Aug. 26.—Cattle
flooded into Union Stockyards
today in the largest regular re
ceipts since 1924.
Values were lower ifil over the
price charts and buyers could not
begin to handle the available beef
animals. Bids were as much as $4 a
hundred pounds below the previous
season’s trade.
An estimated 39,000 head of cattle
were on sale and packers brought
in another 1,000 on direct consign
ment. Only in 1934 were receipts
higher in the last 22 years, but the
Agriculture Department said that
was an unusual circumstance in
which the Government was running
large numbers of drought cattle
through from the Western plains.
That was not considered regular
trade, a department spokesman
added.
A bid of $30 was placed on prime
j weighty steers, but they failed tp;
j sell early at that price, which
| equalled the new' record set Satur
day. Most choice steers and year
lings dropped $2 and the,practical
market top was $27 a hundred
weight.
Hogs were as much as $5 lower
than the last regular session Fri
day and about $2 to $2.50 lower than
a special trade day held Saturday
to handle unexpectedly large re
ceipts from the country.
A market top of $19 a hundred
pounds went to good and choice
butcher hogs but 75 per cent of the
day’s receipts consisted of sows or
young butchers weighing under 180
pounds.
Other markets throughout the
=orn belt feeding area had similar
declining livestock values. At In
dianapolis, Ind., hogs dropped mostly
54 a hundred pounds and steers
and heifers as much as $1 lower
than last week's close. The market
at St. Louis was down as much as
12.50 under Saturday's trade on
hogs, although cattle were about
steady. Omaha, Nebr., hog traders
brought prices down about $3 below
Saturday’s levels.
earner Agriculture Department
experts and livestock traders pre
dicted a heavy loss of potential meat
in the rush to get animals to market
before reimposition of price ceilings.
Heavy receipts temporarily will
increase the meat supply, experts
said, but will forecast a gloomy
outlook for the coming winter as
many of the animals should remain
on farms to gain additional weight.
L. M. Wyatt, head of the live
stock branch of the Production and
Marketing Administration, said cat
tle feeders this week are expected
“to market everything they can."
This movement, he said, “would
naturally reduce the meat supply
later in the year as normally the
cattle would be fed longer and
come to market at heavier weights.
The same situation is true of hogs.”
Commission houses sent out wires
over the week end urging producers
to ship in their cattle before the
OPA ceiling deadline. Maximums
are expected to be close to former
levels and far below present prices.
v ' >
/ I OUGHT TO
TAKE YOU IN >
AND LET YOU
Tell it to ]
THE JUDGE 1^
Igfl
Auto Production Lags, but Gives
Promise of Rapid Improvement
Industry, Crippled by Strikes and Shortages
In First Postwar Year, May Top 1941 Rate Soon
(Second of a Series.)
By James Y. Newton
Because of strikes, materials shortages and the fact that an
automobile is more complex than most peacetime products, the
automobile industry lags far behind manufacturers of other civil
ian goods in attaining large volume production.
While the makers of radios, vacuum cleaners, washing ma
chines and the like are setting new records, the .auto industry is
struggling along at a little better than half the 1941 rate and
this pace has been reached only since July 1.
ine now oi cars ana trucks irom
assembly lines, however, has shown
a decided upward trend for the last
couple of months and the present
rate is not inconsiderable. In the
week ended August 17, a total of
88,560 cars and trucks were pro
duced. This would mean an annua!
rate of approximately 4,000,000 cars
a year, depending on time allowance
for model changes, as compared with
1941 output of 4,838,561 autos and
trucks. The highest prewar weekly
rate was about 130,000 vehicles.
One week ago, the industry passed
the million mark in cars produced
since V-J day. Because of the multi
tude of troubles, not all of which
have beer, labor-management diffl
culties. the industry figures it is
about 1,500,000 automobiles behind
i post V-J day schedules. That is
i lost production that never can be
made up.
On the bright side, a continuation
' of the present upward trend of out-;
put would mean production of an
additional 1.500.000 cars and trucks,
by the end of this year. By that
time dealers should be receiving
cars at somewhere near the prewar
pace.
No one I encountered in the in
idustry would venture a prediction
: as to when the average person will
Sbe able to buy a new car. It is
i hoped that 5,000,000 automobiles and
i (Bee NEWTON, Page A-3J
New Freeway Route
Avoids Woodacres
And Bradley Hills
Planners Seek to Meet
Objections of Property
Owners in Montgomery
A new route for the highly
controversial northwest freeway
has been drawn up by the Mary
land-National Capital Park and
Planning Commission, designed
to overcome previous objections
by Montgomery County property
owners, it was revealed today by
Park Commissioner E. Brooke
Lee. .
The route will leave MacArthur
boulevard in the proposed new
George Washington parkway at
Cabin John, instead of at Dalecarlia
Reservoir. It will proceed to
Thomas' Branch and join the free
way as originally proposed at Tuck
erman's lane, about 21.. miles south
of Rockville.
By-Passes Bradley Hills.
In this way, by-passing both Brad
ley Hills and Woodacres whose resi
dents led opposition to the original
route, it will cross Bradley boule
vard about 1 mile west of the origi
nally proposed road.
From Tuckerman's lane it will
closely follow the roadbed as origi
nally laid out and join the Frederick
highway at Henderson’s corner, 4
miles north of Gaithersburg.
The new route adds only one-half
mile to the total length of the proj
ect, Mr. Lee explained, and also
the advantage of utilizing about
three additional miles of the new
George Washington parkway.
Hearing Sought.
Mr. Lee said the new route has
been worked out following discus
sion with the Maryland State Roads
Commission, and he believes it will
(See FREEWAY, Page A-4.)
Misses Brough, Osborne
Win 5th Straight U.S. Title
•y th* Associated Press
BROOKLINE, Mass., Aug. 26.—
Louise Brough of Beverly Hills,
Calif., and hfargaret Osborne of San
Francisco, wrote tennis history to
day at Longwood by gaining their
fifth straight national women’s
doubles title with a speedy 6—1,
6—3 win over Mrs. Patricia Canning
Todd of La Jolla, Calif., and Mrs.
j Mary Arnold Prentiss of Los
! Angeles.
The victors, w'ho also triumphed
at, Wimbledon, needed only 33 min
utes to erase the previous four-in-a
row record set in this title event by
Alice Marble and Mrs. Sarah Palfrey
Cooke from 1937-40..
They romped through the first set
in 13 minutes by permitting their
unseeded opponents to beat them
selves with their own errors. Mrs.
Todd and Mrs. Prentiss became a bit
steadier during the second set, but
Miss Brough and Miss Osburne also
boosted their games, each winning
her last service game at love.
McReynolds Funeral
To Be Held at Boyhood
Home in Kentucky j
Leading Dissenter Against
New Deal Dies at 84
At Walter Reed Hospital
The funeral of former Supreme
Court Justice James Clark Mc
Reynolds will be held Thursday
in his home town, Elkton, Ky.,
for which he had a quiet lifelong
fondness, in strong contrast to
his often fiery career as leading
dissenter against New Deal laws
before his retirement in 1941.
The 84-year-old jurist died Sat
urday night at Walter Reed Hospi
tal which he entered August 2. Al
though in poor health for more than
a year, he showed improvement at
the hospital until last Friday. His
brother, Dr. Robert P. McReynolds
of Los Angeles, only surviving close
relative, left that day for home.
jjr. MCKeynoms was located in
Chicago and called back wrhen Jus
tice McReynolds developed signs of
pneumonia and a failing heart.
Death came at 9:25 p.m. Saturday.
Brig. Gen. Walter C. Beach, hospi
tal commanding officer, announced
yesterday that Mr. McReynolds had
been under treatment for some time
"for an acute exacerbation of a
chronic gastro-intestinal condition.”
The body of Justice McReynolds
will lie in state at his family home
Wednesday night. Supreme Court
Marshal Thomas E. Waggaman will
^company the body w'hen it leaves
Here tomorrow morning on the Bal
timore & Ohio Railroad. Services
will be held in the Christian Church
at Elkton at an hour not yet an
nounced. Burial w'ill be in Elkton
Cemetery.
One of the last public appearances
of Justice McReynolds in Washing
ton was at the funeral of Chief Jus
tice Harlan Fiske Stone last April at
(Seelvic REYNOLDS, Page A-loTf
Limited Autonomy
For Welfare Board
Indorsed by Mason
Commissioner Opposes,
However, Wide Control
Asked by Committee
Commissioner Guy Mason to
day proposed limited autonomy
for the District’s Board of Public
Welfare, but opposed granting
the board the complete control
recommended by a 67-member
committee of the Council of So
cial Agencies.
At the same time Edgar Morris,
chairman of the welfare board,
announced the board would take up
the Citizens’ Committee report at
the regular monthly board meet
ing this afternoon.
Mr. Mason favored putting the
welfare board on the same basis as
the Board of Education, which gets
its money through the District Gov
ernment and submits its expendi
tures to District audit, but is other
wise free of municipal control.
As an alternative to limited au
tonomy Mr. Mason proposed remov
ing the welfare department from
welfare board jurisdiction and set
ting it up as a separate department
under the Commissioners, similar to
the recently created Department of
Corrections.
Committee Backed by Survey.
The Citizens' Committee, headed
by the Right Rev. Angus Dim,
Episcopal Bishop of Washington,
entered the District's long and bitter
battle over welfare administration
on the side of control by an auton
omous citizen board on the basis
of a private survey lasting six
months. The committee favored
creation of a board with complete
control over all public welfare
agencies and institutions with au
thority to administer all public wel
fare statutes here.
The long-time controversy had
centered on whether the board
should be in full authority as a
policy-making adminstrative body
or merely advisory to a welfare de
partment under the Commissioners.
* Mr. Mason, the Commissioner in
charge of welfare activities undei
the existing setup, characterized the
committee’s report as “sound and
good.” but he said he personally
doubted whether the Commissioners
or Congress would grant the welfare
board the full autonomy which the
report recommended.
Example Is Cited.
Mr. Mason cited the smooth work
ing relationship oetween the Com
missioners and the Boar cl of Educa
tion as an example of efficiency
possible under the formula he
recommended for the Welfare
Board, pointing out that he had
previously recommended that the
welfare group should have the same
degree of freedom as the educational
agency.
"There is no harmony between
the Commissioners and the Welfare
Board under the existing relation
ship,” the Commissioner stated.
"The welfare people now devote
so much concern to their organiza
tional problems that they don't do a
good job.”
Mr. Mason said he was also op
posed to the committees’ recom
mendation regarding liberalizing
the residency definition for persons
needing assistance. Since the Dis
trict pays for this assistance, he
(See' WELFARErPage A-5.)
WAA Head Stands in Gl Line,
Orders Surplus Sales Speeded
(Picture on Page B-l.)
By Robert K. Wolsh
Star Staff Correspondent
BALTIMORE, Aug. 26.—The big- j
gest surplus property sale by the
War Assets Administration in the
Washington-Baltimore area lor vet
erans opened here today with a de
mand by Administrator Robert M.
Littlejohn that it be speeded up to
care for more than 2,000 ex-service
men in line by noon.
Mr. Littlejohn, unrecognized by
any officials or veterans when the
sale opened at 9 a.m., went through
the entire procedure by standing in
line, obtaining a registration num
ber and browsing through the sales
warehouse at the Army Signal
Corps Holabird Depot.
He said the sale methods are a
great improvement over earlier ones
which caused resentment among
veterans in the region which in
cludes the District, Virginia, Mary
land and West Virginia. But he de
clared that several bottlenecks still
must be broken if WAA is to give
all veterans an adequate opportu
nity to inspect and purchase more
than $5,000,000 worth of surplus
materials.
Mr. Littlejohn gave immediate or
ders that the WAA staff of 140
here be substantially increased and
additional space be provided, if pos
sible, for the great variety of equip
ment being offered veterans ^rntil
September 6.
Actually the veterans will be able
to select from approximately $5,000,
(8ee WAA, Page A-6.)
Justice Official
Upholds WAA in
Surplus 'Gifts'
Ruling Holds New
Nonprofit Schools,
Also Eligible
The Justice Department today
approved the War Assets Admin
istration practice of giving sur
plus property to nonprofit edu
cational institutions.
The ruling, prepared by Acting
Attorney General J. Howard Mc
Grath at the request of War Assets
Administrator Robert M. Littlejohn,
also said newly formed nonprofit
institutions were eligible to receive
gifts of surplus property under the
Surplus Property Act.
While the Justice Department
said It was not ruling on specific
transactions, the gift which has at
tracted most public attention was
the 100 per cent discount 'sale” of
Thunderbird Field No. 1. near Glen
dale, Ariz., to the newly formed
American Institute for Foreign
Trade, headed by Lt. Gen. Barton
K. Yount, U. S. A., retired.
Reply to Two Questions.
The Justice Department an
nouncement said the opinion was
“in answer to two questions sub
mitted in general terms to the De
partment of Justice in connection
with the disposition of surplus prop
erty to States and nonprofit edu
cational institutions.” The Justice
Department, according to the state
ment, was not asked and did not
give opinions of the merits of any
particular transaction.
WAA' last Thursday halted the
proposed transfer of 53 surplus
camps and war plants to educational
and health institutions as a direct
result of House Surplus Property
Committee disclosures on the out
right grant of Thunderbird Field
No. 1 to Gen. Yount, the first trans
fer to be halted.
In asking the Justice Department
opinion, WAA officials indicated
they were considering abandonment
of such gifts.
Mr. McGrath said:
! “Section 13A (of the Surplus
'Property Act) contemplates the
! granting of discounts to nonprofit
institutions in cases where benefit is
to be received by the United States
\ from the proposed use. Once the
validity of the discount principal is
admitted, it is impossible to con
1 elude as a matter of law that such
1 discounts must always and without
exception be less than 100 per cent,
regardless of the magnitude of the
benefit to be received by the United
States in the particular case.
New Institutions Not Included.
“I can not. of course, make any
statement as to how frequently this
{Situation arises or to state that it
has in fact arisen in anv particular
I case. It is enough for me to say
{that, under the law, the possibility
does exist that the situation under
reference will in fact occur and that
I if and when it does occur, you are
authorized to grant an appropriate
{discount.”
; The other question by Mr. Little
john related to the grant of special
terms to new nonprofit institutions.
In answering this, Mr. McGrath
said the benefits of the act "werf
not confined to institutions estab
lished prior to October 3. 1944, the
date of passage of the act."
He added that newly formed insti
tutions. certified by the Bureau of
Internal Revenue as nonprofit edu
cational institutions exempt from
taxation, were not excluded from the
benefits of the act by reason of
their recent creation.
special Attention' Urged.
He stated, however, that the fact
an institution is newly formed
would undoubtedly lead the WAA to
give ' special attention to the good
faith of its founders and the merits
of its general program. ’
Thunderbird Field was put up for
sale at $407,000 and the only bid. ac
cording to WAA. was filed by Gen.
Yount, then on active duty, and Lt.
Col. Finley Peter Dunne, jr. Sub
sequently. WAA approved the 100
per cent discount. Gen. Yount and
Col. Dunne are president and secre
tary-treasurer respectivelv of the
school which had been scheduled to
open in September.
Of the properties in addition to
Thunderbird affected by the freeze
order. 17 had been recommended for
disposal as gifts and the other 35
were to have been transfered by
lease for nominal rentals as low as
$1 a year. Estimated market value
of the properties to be transferred
by outright gift was $13,850,000.
Grain Futures Open,
Wheat Loses First Gain
By th« Associated *rtss
CHICAGO. Aug. 26—Tradmg In
wheat futures was resumed on the
Chicago Board of Trade today.
Wheat for January delivery opened
at $1.99!;, rose to $2.01, and then
fell back to the opening price. May
wheat opened at $1.96.
Dealings in wheat, normally the
most actively traded grain, were sus
pended on June 13. Directors voted
to resume trading today, in as much
as the grain is no longer under price
ceilings.
The Election Battle
In Athens, Tenn.
The Athens (Tenn.) election
battle that ended with gun
fire and dynamite startled the
j Nation.
In many circles it has been
interpreted as the first shot
in a GI battle to reform pol
itics.
The Star sent Reporter
George Kennedy to Athens to
find out what caused the ex
servicemen to return to arms
and force the abdication of
the county government.
His story of revolution in a
typical Southern community
is fascinating reading. It be
gins Wednesday in The Eve
ning Star,
M

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