.Cruise of U. 5. Ships
flinked by Soviet to
By th» Associated Pr*«
< LONDON. Aug. 29.—A Moscow
broadcast last night said the Medi
terranean jaunt of American war
ships was "timed nicely with the
Soviet proposal for revision of the
Montreux convention” governing
control of the Dardanelles.
The Russian proposal is opposed
by the United States, Britain and
A mman commentator said a lot
of "fuss and pother” had been raised
about the cruise in the "reactionary
American press” and that Turkish
newspapers were reporting ‘‘under
screaming headlines” that the ships
would visit the Black Sea Straits.
The commentator said Russia’s
proposals—which would give the
Soviet Union bases on the straits—
were "absolutely logical and fair.”
"For a long time,” she said,
‘‘Turkey has been mistress of the
straits and has continually utilized
her position in a way injurious to
Soviet interests. ... Is any further
proof needed of the highly unsatis
factory nature of the present straits
State Department Reported
Split on Visit to Turkey
State Department officials were
reported today as being unable to
agree whether Turkish ports should
be included in the itinerary of the
aircraft carrier Franklin D. Roose
velt and other American warships
scheduled to visit Greek ports next
Other officials are said to believe
that the vessels should call freely
at all Mediterranean ports as a dem
onstration of this country's rejec
tion of isolationism and of its in
tentions to fulfill its international
obligations under the United Na
Theoretically the American ships
are visiting Mediterranean waters
as a gesture of ‘ good will,” but
actually they were sent there as
evidence that American diplomacy
The Associated Press quoted Ad
miral DeWitt Ramsey, Acting Chief
of Naval Operations, as putting it
plainly yesterday when he said:
“We go where the State Depart
ment tells us.”
(Continued From First Page.)
inal phrasing, however, providing
for destruction or removal of all
Italian fortifications within 12 miles
of the frontier.
Polish Delegate Urges Work.
Polish Delegate Wincenty IVinie
wicz urged the Italian Political and
Territorial Commission to forget
petty differences and get down to
He reminded the commission
members they had taken a full
month to discuss only six and one
half of the Italian treaty's 92 pages,
all of which must be considered by
three commissions and the full 21
nation conference before it can go
to the Big Four foreign ministers
for final drafting.
Mr. VishinsKv also expressed con
cern over the delay, commenting:
“This is the second month we
have been sitting. We are only at
the second article of the (Italian)
The draft contains 78 articles. Mr.
Vishinsky opposed an Australian
proposal to refer to a subcommission
the question of transferring the
Mont Cenis Plateau from Italy to
France, as provided in the treaty
draft. Gladwyn Jebb of the British
delegation supported Mr. Vishinsky
in opposing the Australian move.
Sees Plan for Atomic War.
Mr. Winiewicz demanded to know :
"Are we fixing boundaries for ex
enemy states or are we fixing
boundaries for the potential enemies
“There is an air of skepticism,”!
he declared. "We are planning for j
peace, not war—atomic war—as
some delegates seem to think.”
He urged the delegates to find a
common ground for conciliation of i
their differences. The Military Com- i
mittee, meanwhile, adopted Article j
39 of the Italian treaty on condition
that it could be altered later on the
basis of observations to be submitted;
The article says the military, naval!
and air clauses of the treaty will
remain in force until modified by i
agreement among the Allies and
Italy or until Italy becomes a mem-,
ber of the United Nations, by agree- j
ment with the Security Council.
'Continued From First Page.)
the field forces are affected as fol-‘
lows: Judge Advocate General's Of
fice from 57 to 39; Provost Marshal
General's Office increased from 222
to 312; Chaplains Corps increased
by five from 31, while the Special
Services decreased from 63 to 57.
The departmental staff of Special
Services will remain fixed at its
present total of 20.
Some “Field Workers" Here.
The War Department special
groups affecting the higher levels
will have a slight decrease in the
department but will increase by al
most 3,000 in the field. These offices
include those of the Chief of Staff.
Secretary and Assistant Secretary of
War, Joint Chiefs of Staff and
Actually, the departmental staffs
of these offices will decrease from
4,829 to 4,592, while the field staffs
will be increased from 8,667 to 11.508.
Officials said the decreases ordered
Jn the Washington departmental
area do not include an unestimated
number of employes classified as
field workers but who are now at
tached to Washington offices.
Early this month the department
announced it was sending 30-day
discharge notices to 3,500 of its
employes here as the first step in
reducing its classified employes to
176,000 by July 1, 1947.
Jackpot Winner Defines
'Bandit' Money for Police
Ry th* Associated Press
CHICAGO.—Plunking two fistfuls
of coin on the bar, the stranger
announced, "this is bandit money,"
and ordered drinks for the house.
A customer slipped into a tele
phone booth and called police.
When the officer arrived, the
"I meant one-armed bandits—
slot machine. I hit the nickel, dime
and quarter jackpots.”
BERKELEY, CALIF. SMOKE-BLINDED DRIVERS PILE UP—Tow cars are shown working to
remove some of the 25 automobiles involved in a mammoth crash here yesterday when smoke
from a city dump suddenly obscured the six-lane, high-speed East Shore highway. Seven per
| sons were taken to hospitals for treatment. Officials today blamed two discarded Navy can
i n sters of the type used by destroyers in throwing up smoke screens. _AP Wirephoto.
(Continued From First Page.)
amendments are taken up in the
various commissions, whether there
are any of them which the Big
Four could agree in advance to
accept or reject on face value.
It is pointed out by many that
a knowledge of how the Big Four
will stand with regard to certain
amendments offered might save con
siderable time which would other
wise go into needless provocative
debate. For an amendment, to which
the Big Four agree is virtually as
sured of eventual passage, regard
less of what speeches are or are
not made by its zealous backers or
opponents in the commissions.
Conversely, an amendment in op
position to which the Big Four stand
shoulder to shoulder has absolutely
no chance of receiving the two
thirds vote of the conference W’hich
it must receive if it is to be ac
corded anything like serious con
sideration by the foreign ministers
when they sit down after the con
ference to write the final treaties.
Translation Too Laborious.
These are not the kind of thoughts
which a quixotic champion of the
small power, like Australian For
eign Minister Herbert V. Evatt,
likes to think. But they are, so far
as this conference is concerned, the
facts of life, and there is discern
able here a growing inclination to
ward the belief that if the confer
ence is ever going to get out of the
woods the facts of life will have to
be taken into consideration.
Another common observation hav
ing to do with the question of
speeding things up is that it would
be a great thing if some method
could be worked out whereby the
laborious process of translation
might be streamlined.
When Mr, Molotov talks for an
hour in Russian, that'is bad enough.
It is even worse when they get
around to the English translation.
When you have to sit there and
listen for a third hour to the same
speech in French, the experience
becomes practically unbearable.
There is only one ray of hope on
the horizon in this respect. As in
dications increase that the Nuern
berg trials may end in perhaps an
other month, official hands here are
already itching to get hold of some
of the fancy technical apparatus
which has enabled those in attend
ance at the war criminal sessions
to hear translations of proceedings
while the proceedings proceed.
Whether there wrould be enough of
such equipment to do the confer
ence job, however, is another ques
It seems likely that the gentlemen
who are to meet this afternoon will
devote some of their time to con
sidering the proposition that in
cases where the same amendment
has been offered to all five treaties,
things would move along faster if
that amendment could be dealt with
in the general commission rather
than in each of the five commis
sions which deal individually with
Australia, for example, has put
forward numerous amendments
which apply identically to all the
treaties. These are now becoming
the subject of long and heated de
bate in each of the committees, as
the "big guns" of the various dele
gations hop diligently from room to
room to repeat the same speeches
for or against.
There is only one hitch to the
otherwise undebatable proposition
that here is a case in which the
general commission can perform a
real service to the conference;
namely, that Russia is dead set
against the idea. The sound reason
for her opposition is that all 21 na
tions of the conference are repre
sented in the general commission,
which means she controls, with her
satellites, a proportionately smaller
vote in the general commission than
she does in the specific treaty com
missions with their more restricted
It is reasonable to suppose, how
ever, that Secretary Byrnes will
tiy once more this afternoon to
persuade Mr. Molotov to let the
general commission take some of the
weight from the shoulders of the
staggering treaty commissions.
Finally, it is not unlikely that the
Ministers will talk over the pos
sibility that it might ease things
somewhat if the commissions were
allowed to sit from time to time in
executive session, that is to say, in
the absence of the press. There is
some feeling here that even if the
press were excluded from occasional
sessions, the reporters would find out
what went on and that therefore
delegates would feel obliged to make
as many political speeches as they
make when the press is present.
But it is possible, many think, that
if the executive session device were
employed occasionally, delegates
might stick to the point for a while
and do their speechmaking at press
Greek Statesman, Dies
»y fh« A«tociot«d Pr»i>
ATHENS, Aug. 29.—George Kaf
andaris, who served as Premier of
Greece for about a month early In
1924 and who held portfolios In
many Greek cabinets In the last
two decades, died last night.
Father Skenan Heads
ly the Associated Press
I BOSTON, Aug. 29 —The Rev. Pat
rick Skenan of Catholic University,
Washington, was elected president
of the Catholic Biblical Association
of America at a meeting today at
St. John’s Seminary. He succeeded
the Rev. Matthew P. Stapleton, pro
fessor of sacred scripture at the
Other officers elected were: The
Rev. William Kenneally, Denver,
Colo., vice presdent; the Rev. Joseph
Lilly, St. Louis and Catholic Uni
versity, general secretary: the Rev.
Francis Crump, professor, Oblate
House of Studies. Washington, re
cording secretary, and the Rev. John
E. Steinmueller, Brooklyn, treasurer.
<Continued From First Page.)
delegates stated their opposition
to taking in Mongolia at this time.
Both sought deferment of this ap
Afghanistan, the next country,
was given a clean slate with littie
Pavle Lukin, Yugoslav spokesman,
advocated the admission of Albania,
tracing what he called the long
fight of Albania in behalf of the
Mr. Lukin countered the two
hour plea made yesterday against
Albania by Vassili Dendramis,
Crowd Falls Off.
As the council convened on the
last day in which it may consider
applications for the coming session
of the General Assembly, Dr. Oscar
Lange of Poland, council president,
announced that Brazil’s delegate,
Dr. Pedro Leao Velloso. was absent
because of illness. Orlando Leite
Ribeiro, deputy, sat for Dr. Velloso.
Dr. Lange warned the delegates to
be prepared for morning, afternoon
and night sessions.
Only one section of the three set
aside for spectators was filled today
as the crowd fell off from the full
house which greeted the first session
in the new interim headquarters
The Yugoslav statement was short.
After Mr. Lukin concluded, Dr.
Lange said that Poland supported
the Albanian application.
Meanwhile, the secretariat re
leased a telegram from S. Stephan
opoulos, Greek acting minister of
foreign affairs, who requested that
the Council's discussion on the
Ukrainian charges against Greece
be postponed for 10 days.
Voting at End of Discussion.
Dr. Lange called for a vote on the
motion of Herschel V. Johnson,
United States delegate, to postpone
consideration of Albania’s appli
Luis Padilla Nervo, Mexican dele
gate, proposed that the Council de
bate all eight applications and then
vote on them at the end of the dis
There was no objection and Dr.
Lange ruled that the voting would
come at the end of the discussion.
It was the third time since the
Council met yesterday on member
ships that the Johnson motion had
come up and had been sidetracked.
After the brief parliamentary
jockeying. Dr. Lange dismissed the
Yugoslav and Greek representatives
from the table and called up the
application of the Mongolian Peo
ple's Republic, to which Mr. Johnson
has expressed opposition.
Two Hold Up Merchant
At Door. Flee With $171
George L. Krafthofer, 31, operator
of a meat market at 479 I street
N.W., was held up and robbed of
$171 last night by two colored men
who accosted him as he was leaving
Mr. Krafthofer said the men ap
proached as he was about to enter
his truck. One drew a nickel-plated
revolver and ordered him into the
truck with them.
► They drove north on Fifth street
and east on* K street to tne
nearest alley, and there Mr. Kraft
hofer said the men robbed him of a
cloth bag containing the money, and
the keys to his house and store.
They fled on foot.
(Continued From First Page.)
charges of inefficient accounting
practices and confused audit sys
Report Being Prepared.
The Senate Committee became
interested in the cost of ship launch
ings several months ago and asked
for the report which the commission
is whipping into final shape. This
report will disclose expenses of the
ship’s sponsor and outlays for any
gifts to those who participated in
the launching. It also is expected
to include the cost of the cham
A Maritime Commission spokes
man said today that since Decem
ber, 1941, the Government provided
no funds for launching ceremonies.
He said that earlier in 1941 the
Maritime Commission allowed a
contractor $4,000 for launching a
first ship and $500 for sending off
Although this report will be
limited, despite the scores of type
written pages it is said to contain,
a more sweeping general .investiga
tion of wartime shipbuilding and
shipyard construction costs was in
dicated today by the Senate Com
Probe May Be Broadened.
Chairman Mead, who left today
for New York, said last night that
activities of the committee might
be broadened to include examina
tion of operations of the Maritime
Commission and the former War
He reported his previous sugges
tion that the committee look into
each of the major war producing
industries, particularly aluminum
and steel. For such an extended
scope of investigation, he explained,
the committee probably would have
to ask Congress for additional
In any event, according to other
committee sources, an all-out in
vestigation of shipbuilding is not
likely before next January.
The pending report on launchings,
however, Is believed almost certain
to be made public before the Novem
ber election. Observers speculated
on the effect it may have on some
individual compaigns if it discloses
that relatives of Congress members
or other Government officials were
active in sponsoring ships or accept
ing gifts from shipbuilders.
Seized Heirens Note Says
He Didn't Commit Murders
iy th» Associated Press
CHICAGO, Aug. 29.—A letter from
William Ifeirens to his parents, writ
ten in jail and confiscated last
month, said he nad confessed three
killings although he had not com
mitted them "so I could be sure of
killing myself and not causing any
one any more grief.”
The letter was one of three which
were confiscated when officials found
them in the 17-year-old youth’s
cell. State's Attorney William
Tuohy made them public today.
Two were to his parents and one
to a girl friend. Miss Joan Slama.
They were not dated.
Heirens’ first letter said he con
fessed killing Suzanne Degnan, 6,
after being told his fingerprint
had been found on a ransom note
sent to the child’s parents. His
confession, he said, was motivated
by shame at his record of what he
called "abnormal burglaries” and
was made “to leaa to my conviction
and the electric chair.”
Sheridan Cavalryman, 101,
Elected GAR Commander
#y tht Associated Press
INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 29.—John
H. Grate, 101, of Atwater, Ohio, a
cavalry private who served under
Gen. Phil Sheridan, today was elect
ed commander in chief of the Grand
Army of the Republic.
The 80th annual encampment—
attended by 11 Civil War Union sol
diers—closed with election of offi
cers and announcement that the
site of next year’s meeting would be
selected by the Executive Com
Bids for the 81st encampment
have been received from Boston
and Clear Lake, Iowa.
78 Oriental and Domestic Rugs and Car
pets, Furniture of Every Description,
Chrysler Airtemp Air Conditioner, Metal
Garden Furniture, Linens, China, Glass
ware, Bric-a-Brac, Mirrors, Lamps,
Trunks, Paintings, Prints, Water Colors,
Books, Radios, Etc.
at Public Auction
715 13th St.
Starting at 10 A.M.
I Now on View
Term* Cash. C. G. Sloan * Co., Ine., AueU.
Red Envoy Indicates
Departure Does Not
Mean Greek Break
By tht Associated
ATHENS, Greece, Aug. 29.—
The Soviet Ambassador, Admiral
K. K. Rodionov, announced to
day that the Soviet Charge
d’Affaires in Greece would be
First Secretary G. Tchernossey.
Admiral Rodionov thus indicated
his departure for Moscow did not
mean a break in Soviet-Greek
Paying a farewell call at the Greek
Foreign Ministry, Admiral Rodionov
told the acting foreign minister,
Stephanos Stephanopoulos, that his
departure for the Soviet capital was
“In execution of a mission.”
U. S. Envoy Pays Visit.
He conferred for 45 minutes with
Mr. Stephanopoulos. Immediately
afterward, the American Ambassa
dor, Lincoln MacVeagh, entered
Mr. MacVeagh had called on Leon
Melas, director general of the
Foreign Office, while the Russian
envoy was closeted with Mr. Steph
Later, Greek Foreign Office sources
said Mr. MacVeagh had pointed out
that two Athens newspapers, in re
porting American warships were
coming to Greece in a courtesy
visit, had attributed to Acting Sec
retary of State Acheson the words
“and in case there is any trouble.”
Mr. MacVeagh was said to have
pointed out that the phrase was
not included in Mr. Acheson's an
Tension Is Eased.
Admiral Rodionov’s note naming
a Charge d’Affaires and his 45-min
ute conversation consldarably eased
the tension here. Mr. Stephenopou
los was said to have wished him
a pleasant journey and a speedy re-1
Widespread speculation had de- j
veloped concerning Admiral Rodio-!
nov’s departure, and some quarters
had connected it with the almost:
simultaneous summons to the Yugo- j
slav Ambassador, Isador Cankar, to ;
come home. Although Mr. Cankar's;
return was officially described as not!
a break in Greek-Yugoslav relations, j
the leftwing press here had declared
it was a "recall.”
Greece is preparing for a plebiscite
Sunday on the question of the re
turn of King George II from his
London exile. The Moscow press has
loudly declared that the plebiscite
is being rigged by the proroyalist
Greek government and that the
issue is prejudiced by the presence:
of British troops.
Complaint Before U. N.
Greece has been accused of en
dangering peace in the Balkans in
an action by the Soviet Ukraine
before the United Nations Security
Council. There have been repeated
clashes on territorial and minority
questions involving Greece, Al
bania, Yugoslavia and Bulgaria in
the Paris Peace Conference.
An American task force, headed
by the aircraft carrier Franklin D.
Roosevelt, is to visit Greece four
days after the election.
Russians Regard Greece
As Opposing Their Plans
MOSCOW, Aug. 29 (4s).—Foreign
diplomats in Moscow have gained
the impression from the Russian
press that the Soviet Union has
come to view the present govern
ment of Greece as committed to a
program definitely and unalterably
hostile to everything Russia would
like done in the Balkans.
One diplomatic source said any
new diplomatic developments rela
tive to the Soviet Union and Greece
could be understood only in the
light of this attitude.
Since the opening of the Paris
Peace Conference the tempo of at
tacks in the Moscow press on the
Greek government of Premier Con
stantin Tsaldaris has been increased
to include frequent comment after
speeches and statements made
Soviet opinion, as expressed In
the press, has been that Greece
is dominated by an extreme right
wing, monarchist goverment with
growing Fascist tendencies and a
truculent attitude toward neighbor
ing Bulgaria, Albania and Yugo
For China Relief Airline
•y the Associated Pres*
SHANGHAI, Aug. 29.—Maj. Gen.
Claire Chennault’s plan for flying
emergency relief to famine areas
received the approval of the Central
Government today and a loan of!
$3,000,000 (United States) will be
granted the former head of the Fly
ing Tigers to establish an airline
with 12 UNRRA planes.
T. F. Tsiang, director general of
the Chinese National Relief and Re
habilitation Administration, who
made the announcement, said the
airline would function as a private
concern, but with its existence based
on CNRRA's operational life and no
The Chennault line will be able to
carry other than relief cargo but:
first priority must go to CNRRAI
Gen. Chennault has been in the
United States recruiting some of his
former flying companions for pilot
Jobs with his line.
Father of Third
Girl in 5 Years
iy the Associated Press
SNEEDVILLE, Tenn., Aug. 29.—
James R. Pearson, 84-year-old
mountaineer whose 31-year-old wife
gave birth yesterday to an 8-pound
12-ounce girl, wants the Govern
ment to increase his old-age pen
One of the first things Mr. Pear
son did after the birth, according
to Dr. L. A. Mulsand. the attend
ing physician, was to hike from his
mountain cabin here to report the
birth to Hancock County authorities.
"It’s really remarkable that a
man of 84 would have three chil
dren all under school age," de
clared Dr. Mulsand, who said he de
livered the Pearsons’ other two
girls, 5 and 3 years of age.
Dr. Mulsand attributed Mr. Pear
son's vigor to his constant tramp
ing up and down the ridges from
his home into Sneedville.
A former Army captain, Ernest
J. Silver, 28, of the 1700 block of
N street N.W., pleaded not guilty i
before United States Commissioner
Needham C. Turnage today to
charges of impersonating an Army
officer in an alleged attempt to get
his own service file from the War
Department. He was ordered held
for the grand jury under $1,500
Silver was arrested earlier in the
month by the Federal Bureau of In
vestigation after military authori
ties had asked for investigation.
FBI spokesman said Silver, who
was honorably discharged as an
Army captain last March, had ap
plied for a civilian position in
Korea. When his application was
turned down he decided to look at
his file In the War Department to
discover the reason, the FBI said.
Silver was a member of the Royal
Canadian Air Force until 1933,
when he transferred to the Army
Air Force, the FBI said.
Industry Spokesman Sees
Inflation in Wage Rise
By the Associated Press
William K. Jackson, United States
Chamber of Commerce president,
said today labor will start a “vicious
surge of inflation” if it seeks “an
other round of strike-enforced wage
Mr. Jackson conceded in a state?
ment that living costs have rise*,
but he urged that everybody “sit
tight” to give business a chance to
build up consumer goods produc
’“Nobody wants labor to suffer,”
the industry spokesman said. “But
a point that nobody is making these
days is that labor is not alone. In
creased cost of living not only af
fects the laboring man—but affects
the farmer, the professional man,
the housewife. It affects everybody.
“Production is under way. The1
pipelines are being filled. Goods are
moving from production lines to the
shelves. But it will take time for
the shelves to be filled. * * * Let’s
Disabled in Training
Unaffected by Ceilings
Disabled veterans in training;
under the Vocational Rehabilita
tion Act—Public Law 16—are not
affected by salary and subsistence
ceilings recently established for on
the-job trainees and student-veter
ans in colleges, the Veterans Ad
ministration said today.
John M. MacCammon, regional ■
office director of trainizig and edu-1
cation, said a number of disabled i
veterans have asked the agency;
about “the midunderstanding.” Dis
abled veterans, under special super
vision to learn vocations in spite of;
their handicaps, are the only!
trainees exempt from the provisions, I
2 Convicts Recaptured;
Five Others Escape
MONTGOMERY, Ala., Aug. 29.—
The last two convicts remaining at
large following Tuesday night’s mass
break were recaptured today, but
five other prisoners escaped from
the prison farm.
Arthur Heustess. assistant State
prison director, said he did not have
any details on today's break but \
that bloodhounds from Kilby Prison j
has been sent to Speigner to hunt5
the fugitives. !
(Continued From First Page.)
planning group to place the proposal1
on its September agenda.
The Commissioners’ action is inj
line with recommendations by GenJ
Young in connection with his $228,-j
000,000, six-year development pro-'
gram for the District.
In his report, the Engineer Com
missioner urged that not one foot
more of District land be converted to
Federal use unless It was vitally nec
sssary. He further suggested that the
Industrial Home School at Blue
Plains might be shifted to the pro
posed welfare center at Laurel, Md.,
mabling conversion of some of the
Blue Plains tract to other uses, pos
The city heads took the view that
they are not asking for recapture of
iny specific properties, but only that
a study be made of the present uses
3f all Federally owned acreage here.!
r SAFEWAY TRAILWAYS ANNOUNCES
LOW ROUND TRIP BUS RATES TO
NEW YORK, N. Y-$5.00
NEWARK, N. J-4.75
NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J_4.45
TRENTON, N. J- 3.60
Fares subject to 1 5 %> Federal tax.
Above excursion fares will apply to all
11 Express schedules daily to New York City
30 Schedules daily to Baltimore
TRAILWAYS BUS TERMINAL
1201 New York Ave. N.W.
^ District 4224
British Close Roads
To Tel Aviv on Report
Of 'Suspicious Action'
ly th« Aitocio'*d Pr#»t
JERUSALEM, Aug. 29.—British
troops closed all roads leading to
Tel Aviv today and conduct^
large-scale searches in the all-Jew
isn city as police received reports
of a “suspicious action,” possibly an
attempt by the Jewish underground
to liberate 500 Jewish detainees at
the Latrun camp.
A number of Jewish settlers were
detained during the day's searches
in Tel Aviv and two other com
munities, and some were brought
to Jerusalem in a caged truck
guarded by armored cars.
Passengers in busses and private
cars underwent identity checks.
Telephone communication with the
city was halted for 40 minutes after
the Postofflce Building received a
warning from an anonymous caller
that it would be blown up. Despite
the search no curfew was imposed.
Road Near Camp Closed.
Troops closed the road near the
Latrun camp leading to Gaza after
police received information that a
"suspicious action” was in prepara
tion and rumors were heard that
Jewish unground forces planned to
liberate the 500 detainees at Latrun,!
including three leaders of the Jew
ish Agency—Moshe Shertok. Isaac
Gruenbaum and Dr. Bernard Jos
They were seized in the mass
arrests just two months ago today
aimed at halting underground ac
tivity in the Holy Land.
Searches in the villages of Ru
hama and Dorot ended with no addi
tional njunltlons or sabotage ma
terials uncovered, such as that found
Trial Held in Jerusalem.
Meanwhile, in Jerusalem attention
centered on the trial of Jacob Al
calai, alleged member of the Stern
gang charged as a confederate with
18 other young Jews sentenced to
death recently for bombings at
The Inner-Zionist Council opened!
a meeting at noon with Jewish
Agency leaders Rabbi J. L. Fishman
and Eliahu Dobkin participating.
At the RAFA detention camp
more than 750 detainees ended a 36
hour hunger strike. A delegation
representing the strikers told the
camp commandant their strike was
not only intended to urge their
release but also to protest against
British policy toward the Jews in
^nier secretary Resigns.
In the political sphere an inform
ant today said Sir John Shaw, chief
secretary of the Palestine govern
ment, is relinquishing his position
“within a few weeks” and returning
to England. Shaw has been at
tached to the Palestine government
for nine years. He is a long
time career man in the British
No details were given here con
sidering his future plans except that
he will take a lengthy leave before
any new assignment.
Reports from Jerusalem that Sir
John Shaw would relinquish his post
were seen in London as a sign of a
rift over the Labor government's
One government informant in Lon
don said the task of the civil admin
istration in promoting moderation
and conciliation in the Holy Land
was being defeated by what he called
“the miniature jackboot of the Brit
ish Army.” He forecast that the
whole issue would be ventilated at
the highest governmental level
Efforts to discover the precise
cause of any rift were unsuccessful. I
However, active friction between '■
civil and military chiefs in Pales
tine has been reported.
In Paris, French police and Scot
land Yard security officers both
denied reports published in London
that special measures had been
taken to protect Foreign Secretary
Bevin after discovery of a purported
Jewish plot to kill him. These offi
cials termed reports of the alleged
plot “a silly rumor.”
The London reports said 14 Jews
were “reported in Paris to have
sworn ‘to get’ Bevin.
The Chilean Government has
ordered price reductions in a long
list of drugs.
Civil Liberties Union
Asks Full Hearing for
5 Fired at Aberdeen
The American Civil Liberties
Union today asked Secretary of War
Patterson to give a full and fair”
hearing to five War Department
employes at Aberdeen Proving
Ground, Md, who were dismissed
on communism charges.
Arthur Garfield Hays, counsel
for ACLU, wrote Mr. Patterson that
the seriousness of the charges jus
tifies granting the employes the
right to refute the accusations if
Mr. Hays declared the dismissed
employes should be granted the
“elementary rights” that all Gov
ernment employes have when they
are fired—a chance to learn the
specific charges against them and
the right to a hearing on the
The five workers were dismissed
under wartime legislation which
grants the War and Navy Depart
ments the right to fire anv employe
without specifically divulging the
charges against them. The workers,
all members of the CIO United
Public Workers of America, have
asked for specific charges and the
right to a hearing but the War De
partment has said this cannot be
granted in the interests of na
No Specific Charges.
The five employes have been
given the opportunity of appealing
the dismissals to an Army board of
review. This has been done, but
the employes contend they are
handicapped in appealing since
they do not know the specific
charges on which they were fired,
other than that they were dis
missed for communistic activities.
The ACLU, an independent or
ganization with no union affilia
tions, said it agreed that Govern
ment employes of questionable loy
alty should be dismissed, but added
that in view of the serious charges
made against the workers involved,
they were entitled to a hearing.
Informal Hearings Urged.
"Certaintly any such severe pun
ishment as discharge for the reason
here given with the disabilities in
curred should be inflicted only after
the most carpful investigation of
the facts at a full hearing,” Mr.
Mr. Hays proposed that the War
Department make the chargef
against the employes sufficiently
precise to permit an adequate reply.
Informal hearings on these charges
should be held with the stenographic
record to be supplied to the persons
involved, the letter continued.
The "letter said that if informal
proceedings cannot settle the matter
the employes should be given a
formal hearing with a right to pro
duce witnesses on the question of
their alleged divided loyalty to the
UPWA officials have charged that
the employes were dismissed because
of their union activities.
U. S. Opposes Delay *
Of U. N. Assembly
&y the Associated Presf
PARIS. Aug. 29.—Arkady Sobo
lev, assistant secretary-general of
the United Nations, conferred yes
terday with Secretary of State
Byrnes and was told the United
States opposes postponing again the
United Nations General Assembif
The Assembly is scheduled to
open In New York September 23. ■,
Mr. Byrnes, it was reparted, told
Mr. Sobolev tftat he thought the
Peace Conference and the Assembly
could be held simultaneously if nec
essary. . AiflM
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