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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 31, 1946, Image 1

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___ An Associoted Press NewspoDer
94th YEAR, No. 37,373 Phone NA. 5000. 5 CENTS
Soviet Granted
$300,000,000
From Romania

French Territorial
Demands on Italy
Approved in Paris
iy the Associated Press
PARIS, Aug. 31.—Four-power
recommendations that Romania
pay Soviet Russia $300,000,000 in
reparations and that the Italian
frontier be adjusted in France’s
favor in the Mont Cenis plateau
region were adopted by Peace
Conference commissions today.
The transfer to France of the
Upper Tinee, Vesubie and Roya
Valleys, the largest French terri
torial demand from Italy, also was
approved. The Vesubie and Roya
Valleys contain the towns of Tenda
and Briga, with a combined popula
tion of about 4,000.
In her demand, agreed to by the
Italian Political and Territorial
Commission, France said she wished
to move the frontier to the crest of
the Alps for military reasons apd
asserted that the valley dwellers
were ethnically French.
Reparations Approved.
The Economic Commission for the
Balkans and Finland unanimously
approved the Romanian reparations
plan after a week of debate which
had touched on Romanian oil.
Article 22 of the Romanian treaty,
as approved by the commission,
would give Romania eight years
from September 12, 1944, in which
to pay up. It is provided that
payment will be made in commodi
ties such as oil products, grain, tim
ber seagoing and river craft and
sundry machinery.
A South African amendment to
force Romania to pay her repara
tions by “fair prices” according to
world standards was set aside for
further study, along with a most
favored-nation clause in the Ro
manian treaty.
Reds Oppose Amendment.
Russia opposed the amendment
and Britain and the United States
favored it. American sources said
the significance of the amendment
was that Romania was paying repa
rations with oil from fields which
Molotov Is Reported
To Have Left Paris
For Moscow Talks
ly the Allocated Prtu
PARIS. Aug. 31.—Represen
tatives of Tass, official Russian
news agency, said they believed
Soviet Foreign Minister Molo
tov left today for Moscow to
spend a few days in consulta
tion at the Kremlin.
Top officials at the Soviet
Embassy, where Mr. Molotov
has been staying, could not be
reached immediately for con
firmation of this report.
The French news agency said
Mr. Molotov left early this
morning by plane for Moscow.
If true, this would mean Mr.
Molotov would not attend the
Foreign Ministers' Council ses
sion scheduled for Monday.
Presumably his place would be
taken by Andrei Vishinsky,
Deputy Foreign Minister.
in prewar days were largely financed
by Anglo-American interests.
The Romanian case was the sec
ond Russian reparations demand
approved by a commission this week.
The Italian Economic Commission
indorsed the Soviet claim for $100,
000,000 from Italy yesterday.
The Italian Political and Terri
torial Commission adopted the four
power draft article revising the
French-Italian frontier which will
give France the Gran Scala hy
dro-electric plant on the Mont Cenis
Plateau. France agrees, under an
annex to the treaty, to furnish Italy
the electric power she needs.
The Italian Economic Commission,
which approved $100,000,000 in rep
arations for Russia over a seven
year period, appointed a subcom
mittee to consider war damage
claims of other nations against Italy.
Greece is asking $6,117,700,000 and
Yugoslavia $1,300,000,000 from Italy.
The subcommittee is made up of
representatives of the United States,
Russia, France, Britain, "Yugoslavia,
Greece. Ethiopia, Czechoslovakia and
Canada.
The Mont Cenis Plateau frontier,
as defined by the proposed treaty,
‘‘shall leave the present frontier
about three kilometers northwest
of the summit of Rochemelon, cross
the road about four kilometers
southeast of the Hospice and rejoin
the present frontier about four kilo
meters northeast of Mont Dambin.”
The Military Committee adopted
Article 39 of the Italian peace treaty
whereby "each of the military, naval
(See COffFERENCE, Page A-3j ~
Semenov Dies on Gallows;
Five Co-defendants Shot
•v *K« Associated frm
MOSCOW, Aug. 31.—Gen. Gre
gorie Semenov died on the gallows
today for bearing arms against the
Soviet Union and spying for Japan.
Five co-defendants were shot. All
were sentenced yesterday by the
military collegium of the Russian
Supreme Court.
The five sentenced to die with
Semenov, grizzled 56-year-old Cos
sack counterrevolutionary leader,
were Constantine V. Rodzaevski,
Alis P. Bakshaev. Lev P. Vasilev
sky, Boris N. Shepunov and Ivan A.
Mikhailov. Former Prince Nikolai
Ulchtomsky, another defendant, was
sentenced to 20 years penal servitude
and Lev P. Okhotis to 15 years.
All pleaded guilty to charges aris
ing from what the prosecutors de
scribed as a 25-year plot to over
throw the Soviet government. Sem
enov confessed collaborating with
Japanese generals in a plot to seize
Asiatic Russia for Japan. He suc
ceeded Admiral Alexander Vasille
vtch Kolchak as leader of the coun
terrevolutionary White Guardists in
■If 20 years ago.
Court Hears Nazis' Last Pleas;
Verdict to Be Given Sept 23
Goering Shouts His
Innocence and Hess
Attacks Proceedings
•y *h» Associated Prau
NUERNBERG, Aug. 31.—The
verdict in the nine-month-old
Nuernberg war crimes trial will
be given September 23, the tri
bunal announced today.
The disclosure was made by Lord
Justice Sir Geoffrey Lawrence ol
Britain, presiding, after the 20
henchmen of Hitler in the prisoners
dock completed their final pleas.
Justice Lawrence announced that
the International Military Tribunal
would recess until September 23,
when the verdict is to be given
against Hermann Goering and his
fellow defendants and seven Nazi
organizations.
For four hours the tribunal heard
impassioned speeches by the ring
leaders of Hitler’s war machine
denying they were guilty of war
atrocities and crimes against hu
manity.
It was their last chance to ex
plain Nazi Germany's conduct be
fore they learn their fate. Mqst of
them blamed Hitler for war develop
7 7 Nazi Defendants
In Nuernberg Trial
Expect to Be Hanged
By th» Associated Press
NUERNBERG, Aug. 31.—
Eleven of the 20 Nazi leaders
heard in final pleas today expect
to be hanged, defense attorneys
’ said.
| Three—Hjalmar Schacht, Con
stantin von Neurath and Franz
von Pa pen—expect clemency.
Six — Karl Doenitz, Erich
Raeder. Alfred Jodi. Baldur von
Schirach. Hans Fritzsche and
! Julius Streicher — still “have
hopes.”
ments. Some said, nevertheless,
they were not afraid to die.
Justice Lawrence praised counsel
of both prosecution and defense
for the way they performed their
duties. He said some Germans had
written German attorneys criticiz
ing their conduct, but pledged that
both the tribunal and the Allied
Control Council would protect the
i attorneys.
1 Four of the 24 men originally
indicted were not in the court.
They were Martin Bormann. a
! — (See NUERNBERG, Page A-2.) “
14 Germans Arrested
As Spies tor Soviet
Are Freed by U. S.
I
Leader of 'Free Germany';
Is Still Detained, but
Charges Are Kept Secret
>y *h» Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Aug. 31—Col.
C. F. Fritsche, deputy United
States Army intelligence chief in
Europe, disclosed today that all
but one of, 15 Germans arrested
on suspicion of Soviet-sponsored
espionage In the American oc
cupation zone of Germany have
been released from jail.
Col. Fritsche said the only one still
in custody was Walter Kazmarek,
alleged leader of the Russian
sponsored clandestine organization
known as “Free Germany.”
He refused comment on the reason
for the release of the other 14 sus
pects and would not say whether
charges had been filed against
Kazmarek.
Operation on for Five Months.
Col. Fritsche would not even say
when the 14 were freed. All were
picked up several months ago as a
result of what the United States
Army described as “evidence of
Soviet espionage and subversive
political activity.” They were alleged
to have operated in the Stuttgart
area and to have given information
to Russia on American troop move
ments.
“This operation has been going on
for five months,” Col. Fritsche said,
“and they may have been released
months ago.
“This operation is still continuing
and we cannot disclose information
now that might jeopardize our
future operations.”
He refused to discuss the question
of whether the Germans can legally
be prosecuted for espionage, except
to say that the “decision on that has
not yet been finalized.”
A military government legal offi
cer in Stuttgart said last night
that “we found we could not legally”
charge the 15 men with espionage
and that the Army’s Counterintel
ligence Corps had forbidden the
drafting of substitute charges
against the suspects.
Charges Suspended.
Col. Juan Sedillo, legal chief of
the Stuttgart military government,
said the Army’s Counterintelligence
Corps had ordered the suspension
of espionage charges against the
defendants
He added that substitute charges
then were prepared, but that coun
terintelligence officers ordered that
these charges also be suspended.
Intelligence officers at Army head
quarters said the activities of the
“Free Germany” group were “not
necessarily espionage” and that
Soviet propaganda was the principal
objective. They said the “Free
Germany” organization was formed
in Moscow under Russian spon
sorship, and originally had 1,000,000
members—all Germans converted to
Communism by indoctrination in
Russia.
U. S. to Sell China
Bulk of Its Civilian
Surplus in Pacific
Agreement Excludes Arms,
Aircraft and Any Material
Not Demilitarized
By the Associated Press
SHANGHAI, Aug. 31.—The
United States agreed today to
sell to China the bu^t of Amer
ican surplus property in the
Western Pacific and in China.
Foreign Liquidation Commission
er Thomas B. McCabe and China's
Premier T. V. Soong, in a joint
statement, said payment would be
■in the form of settlement of an
American debt to China in Chi
nese currency plus the equivalent
of $55,000,000.
The sale does not include air
craft, ammunition, weapons or anv
non-demilitarized combat material.
China's Communists attacked the
sale when it was in the rumor
stages, charging the government
would obtain enough new war ma
terial from the United States to
carry on the civil war an addi
tional two years.
Suited to Rehabilitation.
Mr. McCabe and Premier Soong
described the property as “suited to
the needs of China’s economic re
habilitation. It will be of great
benefit In combating Inflation
through the realization of substan
tial revenues from the sale of ur
gently needed civilian items.’’
China is given 22 months to re
move the surplus. Co-operation of
American forces at the various
bases was promised. Many troops
who have done little but keep an
eye on the material may go home
when China takes delivery.
Assistant Secretary of War
Howard C. Petersen, who repre
sented the War Department in the
negotiations, said taxpayers would
be relieved of heavy expenditures
involved in the continued custody
and handling of the property.
The original cost to the United
States was about $500,000,000 for
movable property now on Okinawa,
Saipan, Tinian and other islands,
and in China, and $85,000,000 for
fixed installations in China.
_ In addition, to offset an American
(See SURPLUS, Page A-2.)
Two Trains Smash Car,
But Men Inside Escape
By the Associated Press
INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 31.—A train
hit a car at a crossing today,
dragged it down the track 100 feet
and rolled it in the path of another
train coming from the opposite di
rection.
The collision with the second
train threw the car into a ditch
beside the track.
Two men—Charles Pierce of Alex
andria, Ind., and C. B. Lifford of
Anderson, Ind., cringed inside the
car as It was battered by the two
trains.
They suffered only minor cuts and
bruises.
Pacifist Minister "Takes Over'
Athens After Revolt of GIs
Rev. Bernie Hampton Undertakes to Pilot
Embattled City to Constitutional Authority
(Fourth of a Series.)
By George Kennedy
The Rev. Bernie Hampton went downtown in Athens, Tenn
about 10 o'clock on the morning of August 2. He had heard the
intermittent firing through the night that ended with an explo
sion about 3 ajn. and reports over the radio on the progress of the
unexpected election day revolution. He was going to see for him
self what had happened.
Plenty had happened. Members of the GI Nonpartisan
League, who had conducted a vigorous political campaign for the
county offices, had turned to armed revolt when they realized their
victory at the polls was being stolen. They had laid siege to the
jail, to which the sheriff and his deputies had carried the ballots.
At 3 a.m. they had forced the surrender of the jail by exploding
ujruauutc.
By daylight there was no govern
ment in Athens. The Mayor, the
aldermen, the city police force of
five, the city recorders, the county
justices of the peace, the sheriff
and his deputies—all were unavail
able. Most of them had left the
county; the sheriff and his armed
force had been driven out.
This Bemie Hampton is not an
ordinary man. He calls to mind:
Some village Hampden that with
dauntless breast
The little tyrant of his fields with
stood. •
But it was no little tyrant that
Bemie—as all Athena calls him—
J|*d stood off In peace and war. It
was the Tyrant Conformance. It
mattered not that he was in the
South, that every one including his
congregation thought differently—
he was for race equality and not
afraid to say so in the pulpit. And
even after Pearl Harbor he insisted
that war was wrong.
He knew how the world whips the
noncomformist with,its displeasure.
That was why he had to leave Eliza
bethton, Term., and come to Athens
in 1943.
His congregation at the Keith
Memorial Methodist Church at Ath
ens. a unit of the Holston Confer
ence of the old Methodist Episcopal
- (See KENNEDY, Pag* A-5.) '
I
Greece Prohibits
Political Rallies
On Eve of Vote
Dead in Two Days of
Fighting Rises to 28;
Troops Battle Reds
By th» Associated Press
ATHENS, Aug. 31.—Political
meetings were banned through
out Greece today on the eve of
a plebiscite expected to return
King George II to his throne
after five years of exile.
Reports of sporadic fighting in
volving “Communist bands’’ brought
to 28 the number of persons killed
in two days. Attackers set afire the
police station at Platycambo, Thess
aly. One soldier, one policeman and
a civilian were killed.
Troops rushed to the spot and
clashed with the alleged Commu
nists. A major and two soldiers
were hit by bullets while five other
soldiers were wounded when their
truck was blown up by a land mine.
Near Kalamauta another band
was reported to have killed four
civilians.
Royalists See Victory.
Royalist leaders predicted victory
by a large majority. Their Com
munist opponents, on the other
hand, have accused Britain and the
United States of meddling in Greek
affairs, and the Moscow' press has
charged that the plebiscite was
fraudulently rigged.
British and American observers
prepared to fan out across this
country to watch the voting. Am
bassador Leland Morris said the
United States mission to Greece
would be supplemented by 25 Amer
ican officers from Germany and
Italy.
Russia rejected an Invitation to
send observers here for the referen
dum.
British troops stationed in Greece
will be confined to their barracks
from 5:30 p.m. today until 6 a.m.
Monday.
ronce lake uit Arms.
Police and members of the Greek
gendarmerie will not be permitted
[to carry arms on election day and
, the sale of intoxicants has been pro
hibited during the referendum.
Observers said charges against
Greece by Russia and her satellites
had given impetus to the Royalists'
campaign.
Col. Tsatalos, commander of the
Greek gendarmerie, said a degree
of order had been established in
Macedonia following recent guer
rilla civil strife. He asserted that
■foreign officers” had participated
in the Macedonia fighting and that
foreign insignia had been found on
the uniforms of some captured mem
bers of bands responsible for the
outbreaks. He did not identify the
nationality or nationalities of the
officers involved.
The government declared Yester
day that 21 persons had been killed
in new raids by Communist bands.
Earlier, a Ministry of Public Order
bulletin said Communists were re
sponsible for 18 deaths and for the
kidnaping of 32 persons in Mace
donia, Thessaly and the Pelopon
; nesus.
No Announcement of Votes.
Acting Premierfstylianas Gona
tas, who announced the ban on po
! litical meetings, said loudspeaker
broadcasts of plebiscite returns
would not be permitted.
Soviet Ambassador Admiral Kon
stantine K. Rodionov informed the
Greek government Thursday that
he had been summoned to return
to Moscow “in execution of a mis
sion,” and that a charge d’affairs
had been appointed to act in his
absence. Rodionov left by plane
for Moscow' early this morning.
Earlier Yugoslav Ambassador Isa
dor Cankar had been summoned
home by his government.
Top-ranking Russian diplomats
leveled new accusations against
Greece at meetings yesterday of
the Paris Peace Conference and the
United Nations Security Council.
Soviet Foreign Minister V. M.
Molotov, speaking at the conference,
said Greece was paving the way for
the return of her exiled King with a
“reign of terrorism.” He also ac
cused the United States and Britain
of “interference" in the plebiscite
(See-GREECE7Page~A-2)
Three Sentenced to Death
In Romanian War Trial .
•y the Associated Press
BELGRADE, Aug. 31.—Three per
sons were sentenced to death and
three others to jail terms in Yugo
slavia’s second major war crimes
trial, concluded yesterday before
a military court.
Gen. Ervin Rosener, former Ges
tapo commander, and Lovro Hacin,
wartime chief of the “Quisling”
police in Ljubljana, were sentenced
to be hanged, and Leon Rupnik,
"Quisling” mayor of Ljubljana, was
sentenced to be shot.
Sentenced to jail terms were
Dr. Miho Krek, minister of the pre
war Yugoslav government, 15 years;
Vilko Vizjak, army officer, 20 years,
and Gregor Rozman, former Cath
olic bishop of Ljubljana, 18 months.
Rozman, reported to be in the
British zone of Austria, was tried
in Absentia.
The defendants were charged with
collaboration with the Axis and
war crimes.
Frankfurf-Casablanca B-17
Missing With 11 Aboard
ly tho Auociatod Pratt
FRANKFURT, Aug. 31—A B-17
Flying Fortress is missing with
seven crewmen and four passengers
on a flight from Frankfurt to Casa
blanca, the United States Army said
tonight.
European Air Transport Service
headquarters said the plane dis
appeared Thursday on a regularly
assigned flight. It was last heard
from radioing for weather infor
mation over the Lyon (France) Air
field.
Search parties have been organ
ized, the transport service said.
^C^LSERTrH^rETTD^
J CLOSE THIS RECORD, h
f EVEN SHERLOCK HOLMES S
[wmmjm proud or it
.)m*niSi
&g«
Court-Martial Charge
Signed by Col. Kilian
Against Capt. Carroll
Lichfield Chief Declares
Ex-Prosecutor Maliciously
Instigated Accusation
•y th« Associated Press
BAD NAUHEIM, Germany,
Aug. 31.—Col. James A. Kilian
of Highland Park, 111., signed
court-martial charges today
against Capt. Earl J. Carroll, ac
cusing the former prosecutor in
the Lichfield cruelty cases of
“maliciously” instigating the
trial at which Col. Kilian was
convicted two days ago.
Col. Kilian's conviction, on
charges of permitting cruelty to
i American soldiers held at the Lich
field (England) guardhouse where
he was commander, carried a fine
| of $500 and a reprimand,
Col. Kilian delivered the charges
against Capt. Carroll to the United
States Army Continental Base Sec
tion Headquarters. Under normal
procedure they will be investigated
to determine whether the evidence
justifies bringing Capt. Carroll to
trial.
Charged “Whitewash."
Capt. Carroll, a former San
Bruno (Calif.) attorney, was as
sistant prosecutor in the opening
Lichfield trial last December in
England. He resigned from the
prosecution of subsequent cases
with the protest that high-ranking
officers were being “whitewashed.”
It was after the opening trial, in
which Sergt. Judson Smith was con
victed of guardhouse mistreatment,
that charges were brought against
Col. Kilian. Since then eight other
guards and three officers besides
Col. Kilian have been convicted in
connection with the cnielties.
Col. Kilian charged that in the
Smith trial Capt. Carroll conducted
the prosecution “with wrongful, un
lawful and malicious intent to pro
cure the prosecution and convic
tion” of Col. Kilian.
He accused Capt. Carroll of ‘brow
beating, intimidating and harangu
ing” witneesses, violating court-mar
tial rules of evidence, seeking im
properly to influence the court, and
making “unauthorized and untrue
releases of informations and state
ments” to the press.
“He conducted said trial as an
illegal and unauthorized board of
inquiry,” Col. Kilian alleged.
Verdict to Be Challenged.
Col. Kilian also accused Capt.
Carroll of "unlawfully representing
himself to be a defense witness” in
Col. Kilian’s trial here “with the
malicious intent to affect the tes
timony of defense witnesses and to
influence the conduct and conclusion
of said trial” and charged Capt.
Carroll obtained special privileges
for prisoners who were prosecution
witnesses.
Col. Kilian’s attorney said he would
file soon a brief attacking the
legality of the court-martial verdict
finding him guilty of “permitting”
guardhouse cruelties although ac
quitting him of authorizing or even
of knowing about them.
The verdict still is subject to mil
itary review.
Carroll Wants Trial in V. S.
“I would welcome a trial of the
charges,” Capt. Carroll said when
informed of Col. Kilian’s action. “I
only ask that the trial take place
in the United States, where the
American people can find out the
real fraud that was perpetrated in
this affair.”
“Upon the evidence produced in
the trial of Sergt. Judson Smith,
both the trial judge advocate, Maj.
Leland Smith, and myself recom
mended that Col. Kilian be tried
on a conspiracy charge jointly with
all accused and that a trial be had
before a single tribunal.
"The court itself directed its presi
dent to recommend that Col. Kilian
be tried for conspiracy, suborna
tion of perjury and intimidation of
witnesses. He was not tried on
any of these recommended charges.”
U. S. Aids Afghans, Reds Say
MOSCOW, Aug. 31 W. —The
Soviet press and radio publicized
today press reports from India that
United States specialists were di
recting Afghans in a program of
road construction and improvement]
of radio communications. ^
Unofficial Record
Of 608 Miles an Hour
Set by Jet Fighter
ly th# Associated Press
MUROC, Calif., Aug. 31—An
unofficial speed mark over a
measured course at Muroc Army
Air Field—608 miles an’ hour—
has been set by an Army P-84
Thunderjet fighter.
But because the Republic jet
didn’t surpass Great Britain’s
record of 606 miles per hour by
more than 5 miles per hour, it
will not be recognized*
The Army refused further in
formation, including the pilot's
name.
RAF Group Capt. Hugh Wil
son set the existing record No
vember 7, 1945, at Heme, Eng
land, in a Gloster meteor jet
fighter.
Industry Spokesman
Hits Plan to Avert
New York Truck Strike
Says O'Dwyer's Proposal.
Backs Union Demands;
Rejection Urged
ly tha Associated Press
NEW YORK, Aug. 31. —A
trucking industry spokesman
said today he would recom
mend that employers reject a
three-point compromise proposal
advanced by Mayor William
O’Dwyer to avert a strike of
20,000 to 25.000 union truck
drivers here Tuesday.
Joseph M. Aaelizzi. chairman of
the employers’ joint wage scale
committee, said the plan did not
“constitute a compromise, for it rep
resents the demands of the union.”
“It is not based on a fair evalua
tion of the merits of the employer’s
case, for they had no adequate op
portunity to describe it,” he added.
Mr. Adelizzi said “no formal state
ments” would be made by the com
mittee as a whole until it had time
to study the Mayor's proposal.
Baltimore Negotiations Continue.
In Baltimore, negotiations be
tween union truck drivers and rep
resentatives of 146 Baltimore opera
tors for a new contract continued
today, with a less-than-cargo rail
freight embargo ordered by the
American Association of Railroads
In effect at Baltimore terminals.
The association clamped on the
embargo in Baltimore and in the
New York Metropolitan area yes
terday.
Thomas J. Healy. business agent
of the AFL Freight Drivers and
Helpers’ Union, Local No. 557, termed
the Baltimore embargo “absolutely
unnecessary” and said “certainly our
men have no intention of striking."
He said it was his hope that
new contracts could be concluded:
successfully before the present ones
expire at midnight.
“But if not,” he added, “the ne
gotiations will be resumed after La
bor Day and there will be no in
terruption of work.”
Mayor O’Dwyer’s plan was made
public after a city hall conference
< See TRUCKERS, Page A^27)
A. Bus Strike
Ends, Normal Service
Resumed on Line
I
Agreement Reached on
Dismissal of Nonunion
Construction Workers
Normal bus service on the
Washington, Marlboro & Annap
olis Motor Lines was resumed at
11 a.m. today as the bus com
pany officials reached agreement
with union leaders on a dispute
over the use of nonunion work
ers in the construction of an ad
dition to the firm’s garage.
Service on the line had been
paralyzed since 2 am. yesterday
when the bus company’s 200 drivers
and maintenance workers refused to
cross a picket line thrown up by the
AFL District Council of Carpenters
in front of the W. M. <5c A. head
quarters at 1510 Southern avenue,
Bradbury Heights, Md. The com
pany serves an estimated 25,000
Washington - Maryland commuters
daily.
Agreement was reached today by
Ray Taylor, business agent of the
carpenters’ union, and Leslie L. Alt
mann. president of the bus firm,
that the nonunion workers on the
construction job would be dismissed.
The bus drivers, who were waiting
outside the building for word that
the carpenters’ union would reach
agreement with their employers,
immediately started their buses in
operation.
Refuse to Cross Picket Line.
i Emphasizing that the bus drivers’
had no dispute with their employ
ers, James M. Halcombe, president
of the bus drivers’ union, also an
AFL affiliate, said the men simply
refused to cross a picket line. Mr.
Halcombe explained that it is the
policy of his union—Division 1,365
of the Amalgamated Association
of Street, Electric Railway and
Motor Coach Employes of America
—not to cross picket lines of other
AFL unions.
Mr. Altmann said his firm “never
has employed nonunion labor.” He
said that the construction work at
the garage is being done by a con
tractor and that the nonunion men
were hired by him.
“1 have asked the contractor and
he has agreed to dismiss the men in
accordance with the union’s wishes,”
Mr. Altmann said.
Holiday Plans Suffer.
The bus tieup hampered the holi
day week-end vacation plans ,of
thousands of Washingtonians who
had intended to visit the Maryland
beaches served by the bus route.
At the same time, approximately
10,000 homebound Federal and other
employes were stranded last night
by the strike. Thousands milled
around the terminal at Eleventh
street and Pennsylvania avenue N.W
and at the Census Bureau’s office at
Siytland. Md.
Andrews Field was running two
buses to transport Army personnel
stationed at the field and civilian
workers employed there, yesterday
afternoon and this morning. One
bus left the terminal at Eleventh
street and Pennsylvania avenue
N.W. for the field and one left the
field for Washington every hour.
Persons using the bus were re
quired to identify themselves by
their Andrews Field passes.
House Booklet on Communism
Tells of Disciplined Workers
By Gould Lincoln
“Communism in Action in the
Soviet Union,” written by the Legis
lative Reference Service of the Li
brary of Congress at the instance of
Representative Dirksen, Republican,
of Illinois, was made public today,
being, in effect, an answer to the
challenge of Communism in the
United States.
“There can be no reasonable doubt
that in the Soviet Union several
million workers are employed under
police discipline and receive - only
miserable keep for their labor,” one
of the 15 chapters of the booklet,
published as a House document, de
clares. It adds that “the government
makes every effort to conceal the
existence of these camps.”
Another chapter, on national de
fense and the Russian attitude
toward peace, says:
"It is apparent that the U. S. S. R.
intends to develop war power equal
to the present might of the United
States. Stalin has said, in effect,
that he expects future world con
flicts.”
In a third chapter on religion, the
document asserts:
I “Though the Soviet government
[stresses the separation of church
and state, it is virtually impossible
for anything to exist apart from the
! state under the Soviet system.” The
number of orthodox churches in the
U. S. S. R. in 1941 was only 4,225,
compared with 46,457 in 1917.
Mr. Dirksen, in a statement ac
companying the release of the new
document, insisted the effective way
to meet the challenge of those who
seek to spread Communism in this
country—whether Russian Commu
nists or American fellow travelers—
lies in “the diffusion of authentic
information and knowledge of how
Communism operates and affects
people in their daily living.” For
that reason, he said, he had been
prompted to urge'upon the Legis
lative Reference Service, under the
immediate direction of Director Er
nest 8. Griffith, to prepare this
study of Communism in action.
Mr. Dirksen, in the winter and
spring of 1945 traveled in many
countries where Communism is be
propagated by the Soviet gov-j
i tSdt COMMUNISM,{Page A-2.1 "
1
Porter Promises
Rents on Homes
Won't Be Raised
Order Issued for
Ceilings on Livestock,
Effective Tomorrow
By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr.
Price Administrator Porter
served notice on the Nation's
landlords today that no general
increases will be made in resi
dential rents and added that "as
far as we are concerned, none
will be necessary in the future.”
This encouraging news for tenants
came after several weeks of price
removals and increases on a wide
range of commodities, climaxed by
an order late yesterday directing
new livestock ceilings at levels above
June 30, effective tomorrow.
Yesterday's order was a followup
of Secretary of Agriculture Ander
son's recommendation earlier in the
week that beef cattle be pegged at
$2025 a hundred pounds and live
hogs at $16.25 a hundred pounds. At
the same time, OPA directed ceilings
in effect at the wholesale level
September 5 and allowed wholesalers
another 25 cents a hundred pounds
! markuD in nrices.
No Choice for Tenants.
Mr. Porter told of OPA’s decision
to hold the line on rentals in his
weekly radio address, declaring that
"I think the American people will be
glad to have this announcement and
this assurance.”
The price chief pointed out that
when prices for food or clothing rise,
it is always possible for a purchaser
to shop around a little and exercise
some choice. "But the person who
rents a home simply has no choice
today. You can't shop around for
another house or apartment,” h«
declared.
Mr. Porter said that during the
past four years a large amount of
information on landlord income and
expense has been gathered, "and
what it shows is that net operating
income of both apartment house
owners and the owners of small
structures * * * is well above the
levels of 1939-40.”
Anderson to Issue List.
Commenting on recent price in
creases granted by OPA under re
quirements of the new Price Control
Act. Mr. Porter said he expected
that other increases required under
the law will "come along at a
somewhat lower and less frightening
pace.”
Meanwhile. Secretary. Anderson
moves into the price field again late
today when he announces his first
list of agricultural commodities in
short supply. Congress required that
the Secretary issue the list the first
of each month. All food and feed
commodities left off the list which
are now under ceilings automatically
are removed from price control.
It is understood that a number
of canned goods will be missing from
the list, which will decontrol these
items immediately.
Following issuance of the list,
OPA will have to announce which
individual food items are affected.
The department has taken pre
cautions against any "leaks” and
decided .to make the list public after
the close of the day's market opera
tions.
Slaughter Controls Restored.
Even OPA officials have been de
nied an advance inspection of the
list.
In rigidly following Mr. Ander
son s recommendations on livestock
ceilings, Mr. Porter made it clear
he had no choice. “The new price
control law makes it mandatory
that OPA carry out this recommen
dation.” he said in a statement.
Mr. Porter also announced restor
ation of slaughter controls and
packers’ quotas in a move to pre
vent return of meat black markets.
OPA, it was disclosed, will have su
pervision over both Federally-in
spected and non-Federally cheeked
slaughter plants. Previously, Agri
culture Department had supervision
over plants in the first category.
Presidential Yacht
Buffeted by Squalls
By Joseph A. Fox ,
Star Staff Correspondent
WITH PRESIDENT TRUMAN EN
ROUTE TO HAMPTON ROADS,
Va., Aug. 31—President Truman’s
18-day vacation was in its closing
stages today as his yacht Williams
burg plowed toward the Virginia ~
Capes through the heaviest seas en
countered on his cruise.
The Williamsburg and accompany
press ship, U. S. S. Weiss, ran into
rough weather yesterday, after
smooth early passage out of Ber
muda, and speed was cut to about
1313 knots when seas were whipped
by series of rain squalls and stiff
winds. Prospect of continued squalls
today made it unlikely the Presi
dent would be able to enjoy his
usual sun bath. The Weiss rolled
about 25 degrees, but the Williams
burg, with its broader beam, was
more stable.
The Williamsburg’s time of arrival
off Cape Henry was estimated to
day at about 8 tomorrow morning
when the yacht was some 320 miles
out of Norfolk.
As the Williamsburg headed for sea
yesterday, Mr. Truman exchanged
radio messages of good will with
Admiral Sir Ralph Leatham. Ber- •
muda Governor who expressed hope
the President would return. The
Governor was assured by Mr. Tru
man that he would enjoy another
visit.
Prices of Toys on Wheels
Increased 4.8 Per Cenf
ly *h« A.iociatod Pr*s»
The OPA yesterday ordered an
Immediate increase of 4.8 per cent
in manufacturers’ ceiling prices on
such children’s metal wheeled goods
as tricycles, wagons, scooters, toy
airplanes, trucks and automobiles.
Consumer ceilings will be increased
by the same amount. OPA’a reason:
Higher labor and majprial coats.

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