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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, September 28, 1946, Image 1

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Weather Forecast Guide for Readers
Sunny, partly cloudy this afternoon; high Pa p
about 78- Clear tonight. Tomorrow cloudy. Amusement. ...B-18 Obituary . A-4
Temperatures today—High, 73, at 12:56 p.m.; * Churches-A-8-10 Radio -B-17
low, 63, at 1:38 am. Yesterday—High, 82. , Comics-B-16-17 Real Estate....B-l-9
at 12:22 p.m.: low, 59. at 6:44 am. i Editorials ..A-6 Society. A-10
Full Rrport on p»g* A-is. I Edit ial Articles, A-7 Sports -A-ll
___I Lost and Found.. A-3 Where to Go... B-17
" ——-.— - -An Assoc ioted Press Newspaper
94th YEAR. No. 37,401 Phone NA, 5000, D. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 28, 1946—THIRTY PAGES. ★* 5 CENTS
.... . .. . . ••• -■ ■ ■-■■■■ ■ . ... ___
Paris Overrides
Yugoslav Bolt
On Italian Pact
Belgrade, Refusing to
Sign and Quit Istria,
May Lose All Benefits
By the Associated Press
PARIS, Sept. 28.—A Peace
Conference commission adopted
today an American proposal to
bar Yugoslavia from the priv
ileges of a signatory to the Ital
ian treaty if she persisted in her
announced refusal to sign the
The Italian Political and Terri
torial Commission adopted the
“French line” as the boundary be
tween Italy and Yugoslavia, and
Marshal Tito's delegation promptly
announced Yugoslavia would “not
sign the peace treaty with Italy nor
withdraw her army from Northwest
ern Istria.”
A Yugoslav proposal to turn the
whole boundary question back to the
Foreign Ministers was voted down,
and the United States quickly pro
posed the new' amendment, stating
that the terms of the treaty should
“not benefit any state mentioned in
tne preamble as Allied and associ
ated powers unless such state be
comes a signatory of the treaty.”
U. S. Proposal Assailed.
A Yugoslav delegate vigorously
attacked the American proposal as
"a threat and an attempt to intimi
date Yugoslavia.”
‘Jugoslavia has shown by its four
years of fighting it will not yield
to any intimidation,” the delegate
Yugoslavia has announced a claim
(?? $1,300,000,000 reparations from
Italy. Adoption of the American pro
posal, if upheld later by the plenary
session and the Foreign Ministers’
Council, could bar the Yugoslavs
from pressing this claim.
Russia and the Slavic countries
voted solidly against the American
amendment, W'hich W'as adopted, 11
to 8. Soviet Delegate Andrei Y.
Vishinsky assailed it as a "violation
of the Big Four agreement” to sup
port agreed portions of draft
Mr. Vishinsky charged there were
“some other hidden aims” behind
the proposal. He said it was un
necessary and that he would ’ pro
test” its adoption, but he did not
elaborate on this statement.
' Vishinsky, Connally Clash.
The formal Yugoslav declaration'
which prompted the amendment
came after a debate between Mr.!
Vishinsky and Senator Connally.!
Mr. Vishinsky supported Yugoslavia's
demand that any preliminary de
cisions of the Foreign Ministers’
Council must have Yugoslav ap
Senator Connally, who later told a
reporter he believed Yugoslavia
eventually would sign, told the dele
gates the Yugoslav attitude was
Voting for the amendment were'
the United States, Australia, Bel-1
“See CONFERENCE. Page A-37)
Panair Plane Carrying 25
Reported in Brazil Crash
By th« Associated Press
Officials of the City of Barbacena
said today that a plane believed to1
be a Panair passenger craft carry- j
ingf25 persons had crashed in thej
village of Auto Rio Doce, in the!
State of Minas Geraes.
"Forests surrounding the scene
are ablaze,” the official said., A
rescue party was dispatched.
Panair, a subsidiary of Pan Amer
ican Airways, said that it had had
nd contact for 14 hours with a plane
w'hich left Bello Horizonte, Minas
Geraes. at 4 p.m. yesterday and was;
scheduled to arrive in Rio del
Jarf’iro at 5:30 p.m. Bello Horizonte
Is about 250 miles north of here.1
Officials of the airline said 21
passengers, including eight women,
and four crewmen were aboard the
New Outbreak Marks
Strike in Hollywood {
By Avcociot*d Pr«st
HOLLYWOOD, Sept. 28—A state
of emergency, proclaimed by the
sheriff as the aftermath of two!
days of sporadic rioting at movie
studios, failed today to halt further
outbreaks as picketing in an AFL
jurisdictional dispute entered its j
third day.
Two cars were overturned at the
entry gates of Metro-Goldwyn
Mayer studios in renewed trouble
between nonstriking film workers
and Conference of Studio Unions
members, made idle by what they
call a lockout, but what producers
call a strike.
No one was hurt and no one
arrested in the new clash, which
occurred as workers reported for
the day shift.
Sheriff Eugene Biscailuz called In
about 150 additional special deputies
to police the gates of the major film
studios, which are being picketed by
the Conference of Studio Unions in
their jurisdictional dispute with the
rival International Alliance of The
atrical Stage Employes. Both are
AFL groups.
A fierce melee, in which about 200
persons engaged, broke out yester-;
day at the M-G-M gates. It!
required half an hour for Culver
City police and sheriff 's deputies to1
quell the rioting, in which pickets
smashed automobile windows, ripped
out ignition wires and tried to upset
several cars. Twenty-three pickets
were arrested.
Warner Brothers obtained a court
order limiting gate pickets to eight,;
and workers dispersed. M-G-M
shortly afterward obtained a similar
The dispute, recurrence of one
which led to a 34-week strike last
year, arose from refusal of CSU
workmen to handle sets which they
claim had been built by IAT6E
Pittsburgh Mayor Wins Prestige
Despite Loss of First Round
Political Significance in Showdown
Battle With New Union Boss
By Herman F. Schoden
Star Staff Correspondent
PITTSBURGH. Sept. 28.—When the red-hot Pittsburgh power
strike is sifted down to coals, you’ll always find Mayor David Leo
Lawrence and Labor Leader George L. Mueller out front.
Mayor Lawrence is a Democrat who finds Pittsburgh's strong labor
vote comforting. Yet he completely confounded the critics bv sponsoring an
antistrike''injunction. Mr. Mueller is the spokesman for 3,500 Duquesne
Light Co. employes whose strike
has Inconvenienced 1,500.000 Al
legheny and Beaver County resi
Thrown in jail for daring to
strike in face of the injunction,
he emerged 25 hours later smiling.
The injunction was lifted, con
tempt charges against nine other
strike leaders were dismissed—and
the strike went on.
Underlying the physical effects
of a smoggv Pittsburgh pitched
into semidarkness is the political
significance of Mayor Lawrence's
showdown with a not-drv-behind
the-ears union boss.
Georff Mueller. National Democratic Commit- Mayor Lawrence.
; teeman Lawrence, close friend of Senator Guffey and foe of antistrike
legislation, daringly invoked an untested injunction scheme in the hotbed
'of laborism and with the November elections in the offing.
He said the people were bigger than any group they composed, and
he meant it with all sincerity. But
the group—a sprinkling of 3,500—
burgeoned into clamorous thousands
as the Steel City Industrial Union
Council's 200.000 joined with some
AFL factions in demanding dissolu
tion of the injunction.
These CIO and AFL combines did
not care about Mr. Mueller or
his independent union. But the
specter of an injunction hanging
over the right to strike sent them to
the Mayor with the threat of a sym
pathy strike that would make the
Duquesne walkout infantile by com
Thus Mr. Lawrence lost round one
of his fight to stave off a strike
by untried methods, but he mended
his fences with the Democrats and
won new friends who admired his
And Pittsburgh or the Nation
Eisenhower, Jackson
Rule Selves Out as
London Ambassador
Army Chief Won't Accept
Any Political Office,
He Says in Germany
ly the Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Sept. 28—Gen.
Eisenhower said today there was
“no possibility of my ever being:
connected with any political |
office.” He made the comment
in spiking rumors that he might
become Ambassador to Great
The United States Army Chief of
Staff was asked at a news confer
ence about reports that he might
succeed Ambassador W. Averell
Harriman. His terse statement was
his only comment.
Gen. Eisenhower praised as
“marvelous'1 the accomplishments of
the American Army of occupation
in Germany.
“The United States Army has
never undertaken a more difficult
task than this one it has in Central
Europe and never has it done a bet
ter job,” he said. “The job is stag
gering. but the performance has
been marvelous. The results ought
to make any people proud."
Gen. Eisenhower had arrived in
Germany today for a first-hand
check on occupation forces.
He will go to Luxembourg tomor
row morning to lay a wreath on
the grave of Gen. George S. Patton,
United States Army headquarters
said last night.
Jackson Wont 'Desert'
Supreme Court Duties
NUERNBERG, Sept. 28 UP>.—Jus
tice Robert H. Jackson said today
he had "no intention of deserting
the duties I assumed in going on
the Supreme Court for any other
public past.”
Mr. Jackson, center last June of
a controversy in which he ques
tioned certain Supreme Court ac
tions by Justice Black, said he would
<See AMBASSADOR, Page A-2.)
Eisenhower in Reich
For Occupation Check
By the Associated Press
FRANKFURT. Sept. 28.—Gen.
Eisenhower, United States Army
chief of staff, returned to Germany
today for a first-hand check on
occupation forces.
The five-star general, his wife and
their son, Capt. John Eisenhower,
landed at nearby Eschborn Airport
at 12:17 p.m. <5:27 am., EST) after
a flight from England in the Sky
still doesn't know whether It Is
possible to make a no-strike injunc
! tion stick.
When Anne Alpern, the only
woman city solicitor Pittsburgh ever
had, asked the Allegheny Common
Pleas Court to enjoin the union
from striking and the company from
instituting a lockout, she know
ingly bucked a State anti-injunc
tion act passed in 1937 when George
H. Earle was the Democratic Gov-1
ernor of Pennsylvania and Mr.;
Lawrence w;as his secretary of the
Miss Alpern justified the petition
on the thesis that the strike was
more than one against the com
i panv. It was against the people
and the Government, and it involved
! (See PITTSBURGH, Page A-2.) i
Prompt Action on Plea
For Meat Decontrol
Promised by Board
Request Unlikely Until
November; Early Relief
Doubted by Cattlemen
•y th, Associated Pros*
Chairman Roy L. Thompson
said today the Price Decontrol
Board will “act promptly” if it
gets an official appeal for re-1
moval of meat ceilings—but he
doesn’t expect one before No
He gave no indication of what the
board’s decision might be, saying
he does not believe it "proper” that
he make any predictions.
As for the current meat shortage,
Mr. ThomDson predicted it will con
tinue for “some time.”
Cattlemen Doubt Early Relief.
The decontrol chief expressed
these views to an interviewer as:
1. Some Western cattlemen dis
agreed with President Truman's
forecast that the normal fall run
of grass-fed cattle should increase
the supply of beef soon.
2. Government food officials said
that if the military's meat requi
sitioning is continued at the new
reduced rate the rest of this year
the armed services will get no more
than perhaps 3.5 per cent of the
total output.
3. OPA, yielding to a torrent of
industry protest, announced it will
(See MEAT.PageA-37) —
Invalid Wife Lies Five Days
In Bed Near Dead Husband
By Associated Press
DUNMORE, Pa., Sept. 28.—A
chance visit by an insurance agent
to the Charles Schall home led
to the discovery of the body of
the 77-year-old man’s body under
the bed of his invalid wife.
Mrs. Schall, 74, who said she has
been paralyzed by elephantiasis for
the last five years, told Lackawanna
County Coroner Paul Kubas her
husband was feeding her a week ago
when he suddenly gasped, “I'm
dying, Cora, I’m dying.”
Her husband fell to the floor and
rolled beneath the bed, Mrs. Schall
For five days and six nights, she
lay in her bed and called for help
to neighbors, the nearest of whom
j lived only a few yards away. She
was finally discovered by the in
surance agent, who called yester
The coroner said Mrs. Schall was
so weak she probably would have
died in another 24 hours, adding
that her husband had died of heart
i trouble.
De Havilland's Jet 'Swallow'
Explodes in Supersonic Test
By tn* Associated Press
England, Sept. 28— Police, troops
and German prisoners of war
searched the desolate salt flats
around the mouth of the Thames
today in the faint hope that Test
Pilot Geoffrey de Havilland might
have parachuted to safety when his
jet plane exploded yesterday on a
test flight.
The 37-vear-old flyer, scion of a
famous aviation family and known
as England's No. 1 test pilot, was
presumed dead following the explo
sion 10,000 feet above the Thames
of his tail-less experimental Swal
low, as speculation arose that* the
accident may have been the first
supersonic speed blast in history.
“Was this the first air wall acci- j
dent?” The Daily Express inquired
in a speculative story accompanying
that of the explosion. The plane,
powered by a 3,500-horsepower tubo
jet, engine, disintegrated in the air
with a blinding flash, witnesses said,
its wings broke off sad spiralled
down while the fuselage fell into
the water.
The accident occurred a half an
hour after De Havilland took off late
yesterday afternoon for what was to
have been a final, 45-minute check
up for a try next week at breaking
the world speed record of 616 miles
per hour. The craft was designed
to go 650 miles an hour and its de
signers hoped it would defeat the
feared “compressibility.”
At speeds approaching the speed
of sound, scientists say, air tends
to pile up like a solid wall, against
which a plane could batter itself to
De Havilland himself was quoted
as having told the Daily Mail re-1
cently, “At the speeds we are now
reaching, we are up against the un
known. As we push the speed up
still further, anything can happen
to a plane.”
Wreckage of the 8wallow was
found scattered over a mile o! marsh
by an RAF plywood Mosquito bomb
er, a type the De Havilland Arm
developed la the war. 1
Picketing Halts
All Streetcars
In Pittsburgh
Power Union Ignores
AFL Warning and
Stops Transit Lines
! for resumption of streetcar
j service here waned today when
| the Executive Board of the
Motormen’s Union recom
mended that operators refuse
to corss picket lines of strik
ing power union workers.
Mayor David L. Lawrence dis
closed that he had been given
assurance that the power
supply of the struck Duquesne
Light Co. would last at least
j over Sunday.
By th* Associated Press
eration of Pittsburgh’s streetcars
was completely halted early this
morning for the second time
within 48 hours as a result of
picketing by members of a strik
ing power union.
Headquarters of the AFL-Amal
gamated Association of Street Elec
tric Railway and Motor Coach Em
i ployes said efforts to operate the
cars, which had maintained partial
I service through the early hours of
jthe night, were abandoned after
I pickets surrounded all 12 car barns
I of the Pittsburgh Railways Co.
A spokesman for the union said a
mass meeting of all members had
been called for this morning at
which the union would be asked to
decide whether to pass through the
picket lines of the Independent As
sociation of Employes of the
Duquesne Light Co.
The meeting was delayed for a
while because members were slow in
arriving and there was no indication
what time it would be concluded.
Bus drivers also were represented at
the discussion.
Meanwhile, all streetcar trans
portation was at a halt, and bus
service W’as partly disrupted.
Disregard Warning.
Members of the independent
union, in picketing the barns, dis
regarded a warning issued last night
by the AFL-Pittsburgh Central
Labor Union which said it would
“not tolerate any interference" of
streetcars and buses operated by
members of its affiliates.
Meanwhile, another session of the
apparently stalemated wage contract
negotiations between the Duquesne
Light Co. and the independent
union was scheduled for this after
noon, with a mass meeting of the
union called for 7:30 p.m. tonight
to vote on “any offer the company
may make.”
The power union has given no
reason for halting the streetcars
but apparently it acted from one
of two reasons possibly both: (1)
Current for the cars is supplied by j
the Duquesne Light Co. and i2» |
both Duquesne Light and Pittsburgh!
Railways are subsidiaries of the
Philadelphia Co.
Didn't Seek Protection.
A spokesman for the railways i
company said police protection has'
not been asked. He said the AFL:
motormen made no effort to cross;
the^independent union's picket lines
<See POWER, Page A-2.) ~
Egypt Premier Reported
To Have Resigned Post
By the Associated Press
ALEXANDRIA, Egypt, Sept. 28.—
Premier Ismail Sidky Pasha ten
dered his resignation to King
Farouk today, it was officially re
It was not known whether the;
King would accept*the resignation.
The Premier called a cabinet meet
Sidky Pasha had promised pub
licly to resign if he failed to achieve
Egypt's “national demands" in ne- !
gotiations with Britain. The nego- i
tiations, for a revision of the 1936 1
British-Egyptian alliance, recently •
broke down, and little apparent
progress had been made during the
last six months.
Egypt has demanded the speedy
withdrawal of British troops and
a union of Egypt and the Sudan,
under the Egyptian crown.
Ickes Talk Reported
Banned by Democrats
By Associated Press
BALTIMORE. Sept. 28.—The Bal
timore Sun said today that former
Interior Secretary Ickes canceled a:
speech here last night after he was
informed that an address by him
supporting the Maryland Demo
cratic State ticket "would be highly
displeasing to the candidates of that
The article said the notification
had been sent Mr. Ickes by William
Preston Lane, jr„ Democratic candi
date for Governor.
It said Mr. Ickes decided that "if
he was not permitted to speak on
the local campaign, he would not
speak at all.”
The Sun story said the rejection
was based on "the historical resent
ment of the Maryland electorate to
outside interference in its affairs.”
Mr. Ickes is executive chairman
of the Independent Citizen's Com
mittee of the Arts, Sciences and
Professions, and had been adver- j
tised as the principal speaker at a
rally last night under auspices of
the group’s Maryland branch.
The formal announcement of the
cancellation said Mr. Ickes was com
pelled to decline to speak here on
discovery of a previous engagement
in Chicago
Neither Mr. Ickes, who maintains
a Maryland residence at Olney, nor
Mr. Lana was available for
Two Arlington Youths
Killed in Collision
Of Scooter and Bus
'Whitey' Wilson, 16, One
Of Victims, Took Part
In Local Horse Shows
Two Arlington County youths
■were fatally injured last night
| when the motor scooter on which
they were riding collided with an
Arlington & Fairfax Motor
Transportation Co. bus at Wash
ington boulevard and Glebe road,
Six persons were injured, one
seriously, in other accidents yester
day in nearby Virginia and Wash
The Arlington victims were Don
| aid William Lee, 17, of 5702 Twenty
i fifth street, who, police said, was
j driving the scooter, and Thomas
; Edward < Whitey i Wilson, 16, of 2514
North Harrison street, who has par
ticipated in local horse shows.
Accoiding to police, the scooter,
which was proceeding east on Wash
ington boulevard, “hooked” into the
front of the bus as it was making
a left turn from the boulevard
into Glebe road.
No Charges Against Driver.
Both youths died shortly after
wards at Arlington Hospital.
Police estimated the speed of the
scooter at between 35 and 40 miles
an hour and the bus at 5 miles per
hour. No charges were placed
against the bus driver, listed by
! police as George R. Cross, 32, of
204 South Veitch street, Arlington.
Lee was the son of Mr. and Mrs.
, Edward L. Lee. The father, who
! operates the Rosslyn Auto Body Co.,
! said Donald had been attending
Washington-Lee High School, but
left last year to W'ork for him.
Mr. Lee said Donald had called
him about a half hour before the ac
cident and said he had a flat tire on
his scooter. *
“I told him to come home and I
would drive him to a garage to
have the tire repaired,” Mr. Lee
said, “but Donald said he would bor
row a friend’s scooter.”
Was Native of D. C.
A native of Washington, Donald
came to Arlington with his parents
about five years ago. Besides his
parents, he is survived by a brother
Glenn, 14, and a sister Joyce Ann, 5.
Funeral arrangements have not been
The Wilson youth was the son of
Mr. and Mrs. Frank J. Wilson. His
parents said he had been active in
local horse shows during the past two
years. His most recent triumph,!
they said, occurred about a month
ago, when his horse Valbo won over
44 other entries in the jumping con- j
test at the Potomac Horse Show at j
A native of Arlington, he is sur
vived by two brothers, Frank and
Woodrow, and four sisters, Mar
garet, Blanche, Yvonne and Patricia.
In other accidents, William F.
Fairweather, 46, of 3957 Nichols
avenue S.E., suffered a fractured
skull when struck by a streetcar as
he stepped from a loading platform
at Seventh street and Constitution
avenue N.W. He was taken to
Emergency Hospital. Operator of
the streetcar was listed by police as
John L. Gilbert, 30, of 634 A
street S.E.
A head-on collision between two
i (See ACCIDENTS, page~A-3.)
Early Australian Returns
Indicate Labor Victory
By th« Associated Press
SYDNEY, Australia, Sept, 28.—
Early tabulation in Australia’s gen
eral election indicated tonight that
Prime Minister Joseph B. Chifley's
Labor Party would be returned to
There was no clear sign that any
Labor member of Parliament had
been unseated. The opposition, com
posed of the Liberal and Country
Parties, needed to win 13 seats held
by Labor in order to control the
House of Representatives.
Both Mr. Chifley and Herbert V.
Evatt, External Affairs Minister, ap
peared certain to retain their seats.
Both the Sydney Sun and the
Sunday Telegraph declared after a
little more than two hours of vote
counting that the Labor government
had been re-elected.
Tlie Sun said the Chifley govern
ment “has received a clear vote of
confidence.” The Telegraph re
ported that there was a "clear indi
cation that the government would
be returned with no loss of seats and
with the possibility of Increasing Its
majority.” Both papers are classi
fied ae independent politically.
George O'Connor, Whose Songs
Delighted Presidents, Dies
Heart Attack Fatal
To Businessman
At Age of 72
George H. O’Connor, the will
ing minstrel, whose songs have
lifted the hearts of several gen
erations of Washingtonians from
the White House to the humblest
home, died suddenly early today
at the age of 72.
News of Mr. O'Connor's death
from a heart attack spread sorrow
throughout a city which had known
him first as a volunteer entertainer
who could lighten the dullest ban
quet and second as a successful busi
ness man who had climbed from
“messenger.to president" of the Dis
trict, Lawyers and Washington Title
Insurance Cos.
Mr. O'Connor attended a lengthy
session of trustees of the Group Hos
pitalization, Inc., last night at the
Metropolitan Club, and did not
reach his home, at 3313 Cleveland
avenue N.W., until shortly before
midnight. His wife. Mrs. Blanche
Higgins O’Connor, said he became ill
shortly thereafter.
Mr. O’Connor sank into a chair in
his bedroom and lapsed into uncon
(See O’CONOR, Page A-4.)
Shown in a characteristic
singing pose.
—Star Staff Photo.
Confidence Man Held
In $125,000 Swindle
Of District Resident
Victim Put Up Money
To Aid Alleged Spanish
Royalist Recover 'Millions'
FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover
today announced the arrest of a
notorious international swindler
and confidence man in Miami on
charges growing out of the swin
dle of $125,000 from a Washing
ton resident who was not named.
The man under arrest is named as
Antonio Novarro Fernandez, 52. Mr.
Hoover said Fernandez is known by
at least 20 other names and in re
cent years has been the subject of
inquiry from seven foreign police
Mr. Hoover said Fernandez, in his;
swindles, represented himself as a
Spaniard affiliated with American
gangsters of the prohibition era and 1
that he had access to millions of
dollars in safe deposit boxes. He
claimed to be known in gang circles
as "The Frog Man" and "Kid Tiger."
Posed as Royal Refugee.
Mr. Hoover gave this account of'
the deal by which Fernandez is
charged with having swindled the
Last summer Fernandez, then in
Canada, telephoned the Washing
ton man, identified himself as a
Spanish refugee named Antonio
Novarro, and said he wanted to en
gage the Washingtonian to handle
a matter for him.
The Washingtonian went to Mon
treal and met Fernandez, who was
posing as a Spaniard of royal
blood, a philanthropist and a friend
of a high church official.
Promised 5 Million Fee.
Fernandez said he had $10,000,
000 in cash in each of 34 or 36 safe
deposit boxes, the money having
been amassed during prohibition as
the result of smuggling liquor from
Spain to the United States. The
safe deposit boxes were held under
fictitious names.
Fernandez wanted the Washing
ton man to help him obtain the
contents of five of the boxes, or
$50,000,000 in all, and the capital
resident would receive 10 per cent—
$5,000,000. As a practical proposi
tion, however, it was necessary for
Fernandez to enter the United
States and Fernandez represented
that his friend the church official
(See SWINDLE, Page A-2.)
Daylight Saving Time
Will End Tomorrow
By the Associated Press
About half the Nation's popula
tion turns back the clock tonight
and goes back to standard time.
Daylight saying time ends at 2 a.m.
tomorrow for every one but residents
of a few communities in Maine,
where farmers will continue to use
the extra hour of sunshine in har
vesting their potato crop.
Twenty-three States, which did
not go on daylight time, will be un
Truman Tells Cadets
To Be Prepared as
Peacetime Leaders
Time Is Coming When
Military Men Will Lose
Popularity, He Predicts
By Joseph A. Fox
Star Staff Correspondent
WEST POINT. N. Y., Sept.
28.—President Truman today
warned that the time is coming
when military men will not be
popular in this country as he
called on the 2,100 West Point
cadets to carry on and prepare
themselves to exercise leadership
in the days of peace.
Here for the West Point-Okla
homa football game, the President
told a cheering audience that this
country faces the same situation
now “which every country has faced
after a terrible emergency”—the
same situation, he added, that con
fronted the Nation after the Civil
War, the First World War and the
Revolutionary War.
“It is nothing new,” he continued.
"There is coming a time now when
the people are going to be sorry
that they ever saw a soldier, sailor
or Marine. Don't let that worry
you. We are going to need leader
ship now and from now on Just
as badly as we needed it in this
(See TRUMAN, Page A-2.~)
Missouri Bonus Marchers
Campon Capitol Steps
By the Associated Press
28 —A group of Southwest Missouri
veterans seeking a State bonus for
World War II service took up a vigil
on the State Capitol steps this
morning to await an audience with
Gov. Phil M. Donnelly.
The caravan of about 75 vehicles
arrived at dawn after an overnight
trip from Springfield. Capt. E. I.
Hockaday of the State highway
patrol estimated the number at 400
and said the group was orderly.
After setting up camp In the city
park at the west edge of the city,
about 200 of the veterans moved to
the Statehouse steps. Here they
passed the time with variations of
wolf calls as women Statehouse em
ployes came to work.
Chief of Police Ben Maraway said
the leaders had promised him to
maintain their own police. One
member of the group who became
unruly at the Capitol was removed
to the camp by fellow marchers.
"They don't want any trouble,”
the chief said. "It would hurt their
The veterans, led by ex-Marine
Corpl. Hugh E. Owen, are demand
ing that the State pay each World
War II veteran a $400 bonus.
If Gov. Donnelly indicates he
favors the bonus plan, Mr. Owen
said, “we'll expect him to call the
Legislature into special session to
enact a bonus law.”
And if the answer is no—“wall
stay until he changes his mind.”
Control of Atom
Is Possible Now,
U. N. Group Says
Scientists Refuse
To Discuss Political
Aspects of Program
By th# Associated Press
28 —Scientists of the United Na
tions Atomic Energy Commission
today declared that effective
control of atomic energy, which
the world seeks to harness for
peace, is possible on the basis of
available scientific facts.
The finding was made public when
the United Nations released a 22
page report adopted unanimously
Thursday by the scientists who
make up the commission's scientific
and technical committee. The re
port will be submitted to the com
mission's committee No. 2 (political)
at a meeting here Wednesday.
“With regard to the question posed
by committee 2. ‘whether effective
control of atomic energy is possible,’
we do not find any basis in the
available scientific facts for sup
posing that effective control is not
technologically feasible," the report
No Plan is Recommended.
Having thus discharged the task
assigned by the political group, the
scientists added:
“Whether or not it is political
feasible is not discussed or implied
in this report, nor is there any
recommendation of the particular
system or systems by which effec
tive control can be achieved."
The report was the first interna
tional finding on atomic energy to
be approved unanimously and waa
hailed by Bernard M. Baruch,
United States member of the com
mission, as a “forward motion” in
the commission’s deliberations.
The scientists, by failing to make
recommendations, however, did little
to resolve the sharp differences be
tween the United States and Rus
sian plans for controlling atomic
energy. At present, the United
States and Russia still are far apart
on the problem of the veto right as
applied to atomic control, on meth
ods of inspection and control and
on just when existing stocks of
atomic bombs will be destroyed and
their manufacture stopped.
Outline of Work Expected.
Those, and others of serious na
ture. are questions which the Atomic
Energy Commission itself must
At the Wednesday meeting. Com
mittee No. 2, which is in effect a
committee of the whole of the com
mission, likely will outline its future
work. It has been stalled while the
scientists considered their assign
ment during 18 meetings in August
and while waiting for Russia to
give an answer on the report.
In the report, the Scientific and
Technical Committee said:
“The substances uranium and
thorium play a unique role in the
domain of atomic energy, since as
far as we know these are the only
raw materials from which the nu
clear fuel required for the develop
ment of atomic energy can be ob
Mining Safeguards Possible.
“There is an intimate relation be
tween the activities required for
peaceful purposes and those leading
to the production of atomic weap
ons; most of the stages which are
heeded for the former are also
heeded for the latter.
“With respect to mining opera
tions, which are of special signifi
cance as the first step in these activi
ties, it appears hopeful that safe
guards are not too difficult.’' the
committee said.
“Particular attention should be
paid to the installations in which
concentrated nuclear fuel is pro
duced, since the product lends itself
immediately to the production of
bombs. Unless appropriate safe
guards are taken at each of these
stages it will be difficult to insure
that no diversion of material or
installations will take place.”
Report in Six Chapters.
The report was made up of six
chapters. The scientists, who
acknowledged they dealt with non
secret and previously published in
formation, said that in approaching
the assignment they kept in mind
that the problem was not solely what
to do about atomic energy as a weap
on, but, rather, the entire problem
of what use shall be made of a dis
covery so great that its consequences
will affect the future of human so
The report showed that “the
activities leading to peaceful and
destructive ends in this (atomic)
domain are so intimately inter
related as to be almost inseparable.”
The committee said it was possible
that major discoveries may have
been made somewhere in the world
but not disclosed. It added, however,
that there are scientific grounds "for
believing that discoveries unknown
to us, which might seriously in
(See ATOMIC, Page A-3.)
Boy Atop of Train Touches
11,000 Volts, Slill Lives
James Stein, 17, of 538 Newcomb*
street S.E. was alive today but suf
fering serious burns after touching
an 11,000-volt overhead power lino
when he was riding on the top of a
moving train under the John Philip
Sousa Bridge early this morning.
He was hurled ^o the ground.
The boy, a student at Anacostia
High School, was admitted to Gal
linger Hospital with third-degre*
burns to his right arm, right leg.
chest, thigh and neck.
Police said the* accident occurred
at 1:35 a m., but could give no ex
planation of why the boy was on
top of the train. '
Mrs. J. P. Stein, the boy’s mother,
said she also was unable to And out
what her son was doing on the train.
She said she understood that a high
school companion was with her son
at the time of the accident, but did
not know the other boy’s name.
Mr. Stein is employed at an auto
mobile agency here.

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