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Cloudy this afternoon, temperature in upper 30s. Occasional rain tonight, tomorrow; low tonight about 34. Warmer tomorrow. Temperatures today—High, 37, at 12:54 pjm.; low, 29, at 7:55 a.m. Yesterday—High, 53, at 12:15 p.m.; low, 35, at 11:59 p.m. (Pall Report on P«*e A-8.) Late New York Markets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers Page. Amusements... B-16 Comics.B-14-15 Editorials.A-S Editorial Articles, A-7 Finance ...._A-13 Lost and Found.. A-3 Page. Obituary-— - A-8 Radio ..B-tt Society, Clubs... B-3 Sports_A-10-11 Where to Go.B-4 Woman’s Page.. B-9 An Associated Press Newspaper_ 95th YEAE. No. 57,508 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C,, MONDAY, JANUARY 13, 1947 —THIRTY PAGES. City Bom* Delivery, Dally and Sunday m r^'R’.'NTT'S SO* a Month. When 5 Sundays. $1.00 ** VEJ.W X » G. 0. P. fo Back Year's Life for War Probe Unif Policy Committee Votes Small Business Group 8 Months By J. A. O'Leary The Senate Republican Policy Committee voted unanimously today to support continuance of the War Investigating Commit tee for a year. Existence of the latter faces a hard fight from the Democratic side of the Sen ate on the grounds that it vio lates the new Congressional Re organization Act. The policy group, headed by Senator Taft of Ohio, at its meet ing this morning recommended that the special committee’s extension be for one year instead of two. An hour later the entire Repub lican membership held a conference on the recommendations of the Policy Committee, but put off a de cision until 3 p.m. tomorrow. The Republican conference does not bind its members on any question, but may reach a consensus at that time. Leaders had intended to bring up the issue in the Senate today, but Senator Taft announced the de bate probably would not start until Wednesday. The postponement is understood to be for the purpose of awaiting a fuller attendance, since the outcome is likely to depend on a few votes. Eight Months for Business Group. The Republican Policy Commit tee decided at the same time to support an extensive of eight months for the Special Small Busi ness Committee. Senator Taft told reporters it was the judgment of the Republican policy makers that eight months would be the general rule for any special committees that may be kept alive, but that the War Investigating Committee was re garded as an unusual case. Democrats are lining up for their last-ditch fight against extending any special committees. The new Reorganization Act, which is just going into effect, merged all legis lative functions into 15 standing committees in the Senate and 19 in the House. The Democrats contend the intent of the act was that all special committees be abolished to centralize the work of Congress in these regular committees. Senator Taft’s announcement on the committee extensions came after Senator Brewster of Maine, chair man of the War Investigating Com mittee, told reporters he had agreed at a meeting with the Armed Serv ices Committee headed by Senator Gurney of South Dakota, to limit future activities of the Brewster group. Respective Fields Drawn. , In general, Senator Brewster said, the committee will look .into war profits, disposal of surpluses and in stances of “corruption.” He said the committee would con cern itself only with what had hap pened in the past, leaving any in quiry into current and future mili tary policies and operations to the gurney group. The Maine Senator said that Dem ocrats who have been protesting that, continuance of special commit tees violates the spirit of the Con gressional Reorganization Act,, had agreed to give the proposal “a sym pathetic hearing.” Senator Gumfcy told reporters that Brewster definitely had abandoned the Idea of carrying out an investi gation of the military government in Germany—a matter which caused a serious intracommittee row a few weeks ago. Senator Gurney said if any such Investigation is needed, the Armed Services Committee will make it. Undoubtedly, he added, his commit tee will find it necessary later to make a number of field investiga (See INVESTIGATIONS, Pg. A-127) Chiang Says Marshall Showed Good Will By th« A»«ociof»d Prest NANKING, Jan. 13.—Generalissi mo Chiang Kai-shek said today Gen. Marshall’s statement on China, blaming extremists on both sides for continued strife, was “filled with constructive criticism, showing his good will toward China,” an unoffi cial source reported. Chiang gave this first formal re action to Gen. Marshall’s statement and departure from China at a me morial service for Dr. Sun Yat-sen, founder of the republic. Newsmen were excluded. An informed source said Chiang told the audience that Gen. Mar shall’s statement should not be viewed separately but in conjunc tion with President Truman’s dec laration of policy toward China. “We should reflect over the evil conditions Marshall mentioned—if they exist we must correct them,” the Generalissimo was quoted as saying._ Dean and Student Hurt In Junior College Fire By the Associated Press LEICESTER, Mass., Jan. 13—A college dean and a student suffered injuries in leaps out second-floor windows today as 53 other students swung down sheet ropes or ladders to escape flames sweeping a Leicester Junior College dormitory. The blaze caused damage esti mated at $100,000. Dean Henry C. Ross, 54, and Al bert G. Phillips, jr„ 18, of Audubon, N. J., were injured in jumping. An unidentified war veteran stu dent, with an artificial leg, was helped to safety by classmates. Firemen from Worcester and Spencer raised ladders to upper windows of the two-and-a-half story wooden Colonial building where stu dents were trapped by flames sweep ing stairways. i U. S. Court of Appeals Upholds Conviction of Mayor Curley Smith and Fuller Also Face Jail Terms In Mail Fraud Case ' By the Associated Press The United States Court of Appeals affirmed today the con viction of James M. Curley, 72 year-old Mayor of Boston and former member of Congress, and two co-defendants on mail fraud charges. Curley, veteran of half a century of politics, was sentenced in Federal Court here last February 18 to 6 to 18, months in jail and a fine of $1,000 for his alleged activities as presi dent of Engineers’ Group, Inc. The Government contended the organi zation profited to the extent of $60,000 by representing itself as able to obtain war contracts for clients. Donald Wakefield Smith of Pitts burgh, former member of the Na tional Labor Relations Board, re ceived a 4-to-12-month jail sentence and a $1,000 fine as treasurer of En gineers’ Group. A third defendant, James G. Fuller, received a 16 month-to-4-year sentence as execu tive vice president. Fuller recently JAMES M. CURLEY. completed a term under a five-year sentence In another mail fraud case and was released in $2,500 bail in September, pending appeal in the present case. Both Curley and Smith have been (See CURLEY, Page A-5.) Points of Arbitration Cause Further Dispute In Cafeteria Strike GSI Board Considers Union Plea to Include 9 Issues in Settlement Both sides in the week-old Government cafeteria strike were willing today to settle their differences by arbitration. The question holding up a settlement was: What points would be ar bitrated? Federal conciliators hoped to get the answer this afternoon when ne gotiators for Government Services, Inc., and the United Restaurant and Cafeteria Workers, Local 471 (CIO) were called back into joint session. During the morning, GSI’s Board of Trustees considered p union counterproposal to place nine orig inal Issues in arbitration. Earlier the company had offered to arbi trate four points contingent on cer tain union concessions. Demands Revamped. A spokesman emerged to say the company had revamped its original arbitration demands and would pre sent its compromise effort to the unipn this afternoon. Conciliator Peter J. Manno said negotiations had reached a crisis. “We are very hopeful, but the sit uation is far from being settled,” he said. Determined to crack the case to day, Mr. Manno said the negotia tors would be kept in continuous session “except for meals and show ers.” Tieup Continues. But while the discussions went on so did the strike in 50 cafeterias operated by GSI as 2,200 union em ployes remained off the job. Only limited service was being offered in about half of the cafeterias by supervisory workers. The Government’s interest in the case was indicated yesterday by the intercession of Assistant Secretary of Labor John W. Gibson and Con ciliation Chief Edgar Warren to augment a three-man conciliation panel already on the job. Their efforts began bearing fruit when the company offered to arbi trate wages and some fringe issues provided the union would drop other demands. Alternate Plan Offered. After mulling over the proposal for a while, the union came back last night with an alternate plan to arbitrate nine issues in dispute be fore the strike. These were; Twenty cents an hour wage in crease “across the board,” 15 days annual leave after 18 months’ em ployment, 15 days’ sick leave, a hos pitalization plan financed by the employer and jointly administered, layoff on basis of seniority, arbi tration of suspension and discharge of employes, 10-cent differential for employes working three through six hours; eight hours work a day for all others; reduction of probation - i ary period to two months with a 10 (See CAFETERIAS, Page A-12.) " Butter Prices Drop 6 Cents in New York By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Jan. 13.—A sharp drop of around 6 cents a pound in wholesale butter prices on the New York Mercantile Exchange brought the posting of lower prices in retail stores in the New York area today. Gristede Bros., one of the largest retail chains operating here, an nounced it would sell butter in all its stores tomorrow at 71 cents a pound, a decline of 6 cents. Similar actions were indicated by others. Just before the Christmas holi days butter sold in the retail chains at 93 cents a pound. Heavy offerings flooding the ex change here caused today’s precipi tate drop. Wholesale declines ran from 6 to 614 cents a pound few top grades, with AA butter selling at 66 cents and grade A at 6514 cents a pound. Meanwhile, the Dairymen’s League Co-operative Association, Inc., and Jour of its officers entered not guilty pleas in Federal Court to a five count criminal information alleging they manipulated the New York butter market last month to support the January milk price. Federal Judge Alfred C. Coxe paroled the defendants in custody of Seward A. Miller, general counsel of the co-operative. Judge Coxe fixed the trial date for January 27. Hje individuals who pleaded were Henry H. Rathbun, co-operative president, and Leon H. Chapin, Hed ley Benson and Herbert Seeley, members of the Co-operative Execu tive Committee. Rees Plans Measure Forcing U. 5. Workers To Prove Loyalty Civil Service Group Head Wants Burden of Proof Placed on Employe G. O. P. COMPLETES roster of House committees. Page A-2 DIRKSEN named to Head House D. C. Committee. Page B-l By Joseph Young Representative Rees, Repub lican, of Kansas, who was named today as chairman of the House Civil Service and Post Office Committee, says he will seek leg islation to fire Government em ployes “where there is a reason able doubt with regard to their loyalty to our form of govern ment.” The Kansan said he will back a bill to put the burden on the indi vidual employe to prove he is not a believer or follower of subversive groups. The present system makes it necessary in the Government to prove an employe is disloyal. “This makes it almost impossible for the Government in many cases at the present time to fire employes who Federal officials are reasonably certain are subversive, but yet can’t fire them because legal proof is lacking," Mr. Rees said. ' Appointment Approved. Mr. Rees, whose appointment as chairman of the committee was ap proved today by the Republican Committee on Committees, said he had not finished drafting the pro posed legislation, but said he ex pected to finish it soon. Referring to the alleged infiltration into Gov ernment of Communists and other subversive elements, Mr. Rees said: “Certainly our Government should be the last employer who will give favorable consideration to the em ployment of those people whose views are not in accord and in sympathy with our form of govern ment.” In a statement on his aims as committee chairman Mr. Rees also listed a congressional study of the Classification Act of 1923, by which the pay and job classifications of Federal employes are determined. Mr. Rees said that various provi sions of the act are outmoded now and that it was Congress’ job to see “that the fundamental concept of good personnel practice is being fol lowed, namely, equal pay for equal work, regardless of the department or agency." Conceivably a revision of the (See CIVIL SERVICE, Page A-12.) Three Skiers Rescued After 26 Hours in Storm By the Associated Press SPOKANE, Wash., Jan. 13.—Three Gonzaga University students, who spent a harrowing 26 hours on Mount Spokane in a blinding snow storm, were safe at their homes to day after a three-man searching party had found them cold and hungry late yesterday. The students, Ned Flaherty, Or deen Burtenshaw and Richard Pow ell, were reported missing Saturday while on a skiing trip. Committee Fight Threatens Ball Closed Shop Bill Nose-Count Indicates Majority of Seven Might-Oppose It By the Aisociated Press Divided Republican opinion points today to rocky going in the 13-man Senate Labor Com mittee for Senator Ball’s pro posals to break up closed shops and industry-wide wage bar gaining. Two of the eight Republicans on the committee, Senators Morse of Oregon, and Aiken of Vermont have been outspoken against steps as far reaching as those suggested by their Minnesota colleague. A third Republican member, Senator Ives of New York has never favored an outright ban on the closed shop, and his friends said to day he has not changed his view. Senator Ives, a newcomer to Capi tol Hill, is dean of the New York State School of.. Industrial and La bor Relations at Cornell University. Most of the othef Republicans on the committee have not declared themselves on the two Ball pro posals. Harold E. Stassen, former Minnesota Governor and an an nounced candidate for the 1948 GOP presidential nomination, told a press conference Saturday that both bills “go too far.” Stassen is not a member of Congress. Democrats Support Truman. At the same time, a group of Democrats in the Senate * aimed their strategy more and more to ward carrying out the labor law recommendations of President Tru man. Senator Murray, Democrat, of Montana, last year’s chairman of the Labor Committee, told a re porter “some of us’’ are working on legislation designed to put into ef fect all the President’s proposals of a week ago. These include the outlawing of some jurisdictional strikes and com pulsory settlement of disputes which arise over interpreting existing con trocts The eight Republicans on the Labor Committee are Taft of Ohio, chairman; Ball, Aiken, Morse, Ives, Donnell of Missouri, Jenner of Iri diana and H. Alexander Smith of New Jersey. The five Democrats are Murray, Elbert Thomas of Utah, Pepper of Florida, Hill of Alabama and El lender of Louisiana. Seven Would Be Majority. Four of the Democrats, Senators Murray, Thomas, Pepper and Hill, have generally opposed stringent measures. The attitude of Senator Ellender on the closed shop and in dustry wide bargaining is not clear. On any issue if four Democrats were Joined by three Republicans the total of seven would be a majority of the committee. After the committee makes its report to the Senate proposals can still be made during Senate debate. Therefore, a committee vote on any question will not be binding one way or the other, but committees generally have strong influence. Senator Morse, announcing that he plans to introduce labor legisla tion cjf his own soon, struck out to day at the doctrine he said is in herent in “most of the Taft, Ball, Smith labor proposals” to “promote a system of benevolent paternalism in employer and employe relations.” Besides his anticlosed shop and local bargaining bill, Senator Ball teamed with Senators Tkft and (See LABOR, Page A-12.) Eisenhower Back on Job After Florida Vacation Gen. Eisenhower was back at his desk in the Pentagon today after re turning yesterday from a Florida vacation. The Army’s Chief of Staff arrived at Union Station in an atmosphere of strictest secrecy. Outsiders were barred from the entrance to the track to which his private car was switched for detraining when his train arrived from Miami an hour late. A depot guard said he had strict orders from aides in the general’s office that no one was to be allowed where Gen. and Mrs. Eisenhower alighted and were greeted by half a dozen high ranking officers. Gen. Eisenhower spent a month In Florida resting and taking treat ments for bursitis, a shoulder ail ment. Two Bandits Cling to Wild Auto, Get Coin Bags as Woman Flees The wife of a Maryland theater owner escaped with her life last night, but more than $400 in the ater receipts were taken by three bandits, two of whom clung to the side of her automobile, punching and shooting at her, before she leaped from the moving car to get away. The driverless automobile crashed into three parked cars, 11th pre cint police said, when the woman, Mrs. Eleanor Weiner of 2027 Thirty sixth street SE., jumped from toe car and fled into her home nearby. Mrs. Weiner told police she was driving home at 11:15 p.m. with the money taken in by her hus band’s Waldorf Theater when she halted for a stop sign at Branch and Alabama avenues S.E. An automobile occupied by three white men pulled alongside and tried to force her to the curb, Mrs. Weiner declared. She spun the wheel and tried to drive around them. Two of the men, she told police, leaped from their car. One clung to the window by her seat and the other hung on to the far window as she stepped on the gas. They clung tenaciously, despite the absence of running boards on the car. while Mrs. Weiner drove two blocks east on Alabama avenue in a desperate attempt to reach her home. One of the men fired a shot from a .45-caliber pistol which pierced the window glass a finger’s breadth from her head. The other man pummeled and punched her. Near the intersection of Alabama avenue and Thirty-sixth street, she slowed the car down and. jumped, hurting her hip. The men, she said, remained with the car, in which were two cloth bags containing the money. Mrs. Weiner ran to her home without looking back. When police reached the scene, they said they found the Weiner car abandoned where it had struck three parked automobiles. The money was gone. The estimate of^he stolen funds at more than $400 was made by police after a preliminary ques tioning of Mrs. Weiner. They said the exact amount was not yet known. Three unexpended .45-caliber shells were found in the street along the route JMrs. Weiner drove, but the shell of the bullet fired at her by the bandit could not be located. A private physician treated Mrs. Weiner for bruises to the hip and head, the latter inflicted by a black jack-like instrument, police declared. Her husband, J. I. Weiner, would not discuss the case with newsmen. • • • High Court Rules, 5-4, Louisiana May Send Youth to Chair Again Second Trip Upheld After Current Fails; Burton Writes Dissent By the'Associated Press The Supreme Court today de cided Louisiana may make a second attempt to electrocute Willie Francis, 17, who escaped electrocution once when the electric chair failed to operate. The decision was on a 5-4 vote. Convicted of a holdup murder, the colored youth was strapped in the State’s portable electric chair last May. The electric switch was thrown, but a mechanical defect prevented the device from killing him. His attorneys then asked the Su preme Court to save him from a sec ond trip to the chair; They said a second attempt at execution would constitute double jeopardy, would be cruel and unusual treatment and would deny Francis the equal pro tection guaranteed all citizens by the Constitution. Burton Writes Dissent. Justice Reed announced the ma jority judgment. Justice Burton wrote a dissent with which Justices Douglas, Murphy and Rutledge agreed. Justice Reed said for the majority that “we see no difference from the constitutional point of view between a new trial for an error of law at the instance of the State that re sults in a death sentence instead of imprisonment for life and an execu tion that follows a failure of equip ment. “When an accident, with no sug gestion of malevolence, presents the consummation of the sentence, the State’s subsequent course in the ad ministration of its criminal law is not affected on that account by any requirement of due process of law under the Federal Constitution. “We find no double jeopardy here which can be said to amount to a denial of Federal due process in the proposed execution.” Psychological Strain. Justice Reed said further that the majority found nothing in what has occurred which amounted to "cruel and unusual punishment” in the constitutional sense. Justice Reed noted that attorneys for Francis contend that because “he once underwent the psycholog ical strain of preparation for elec trocution, now to require him to undergo this preparation again sub jects him to a lingering or cruel and unusual punishment.” The justice commented: “Even the fact that petitioner has already been subject to a current of electricity does not make his subse quent execution any more cruel in (See COURT, Page A-5.) Griffith 'Signs' Truman For Opening-Day Job Clark Griffith today lined up President Truman as “another left hander” for the season-opening baseball game here April 14. Mr. Griffith, president of the Washington baseball club, told re porters after calling on the Presi dent att he White House that Mr. Truman had agreed to throw out the first ball at the opening game and promised to have his southpaw pitching arm in good shape. "Just signed up another left hander,” Mr. Griffith said. Washington will oppose the New York Yankees in the opening game. Man Tries Suicide In St. Peter's, Forcing Reconsecration'Rites By the Associated Press VATICAN CITY, Jan. 13 — An attempted suicide in St. Peter’s today forced closing of the world’s largest church brief ly until it could be reconse crated. A 24-year-old Roman shot himself in the temple with a revolver as he stood near a con fessional booth. He was taken to a hospital in a grave con dition. No reason for the at tempt was given. The church was reopened to th$ public after the ceremonies of reconsecration. British Troops Man Food Trucks As Thousands Quit in Sympathy All London Police Leaves Cancelled as Wave Of New Walkouts Threatens to Engulf Nation By th« Associated Press LONDON, Jan. 13.—The Labor government used 8,000 troops ,and sailors today to move strike bound food to hungry Londoners, touching off a wave of sympathy strikes which involved more than 7,000 workers and threatened to mushroom to gigantic propor tions. Within 15 minutes of the arrival of Army personnel at Smithfleld Market, the city’s largest meat dis tributing center, more than 2,300 employes walked off the Job in sup port of more than 15,000 truck drivers who started an unofficial strike last Monday and rejected pleas of union leaders to return to work. . ... ..... , ---- . ■.. ■ -- The truckmen demanded a 44 hour instead of a 48-hour week, two weeks’ paid vacations, half pay dur ing illness and adjustment of over time pay conditions. The 45-mem ber Road Haulage Central Wages Board met in emergency session to consider the demands and a pre vious decision which touched off the walkout. London was tense. All police leaves were canceled and mounted constables accompanied the con voys of military trucks. Long lines of Army trucks poured into the city’s east end past thou sands of unsmiling persons at the curbs. Almost immediately after the Smithfleld workers struck, 3,000 la I (See LONDON, Page A-13.) Hebert Offers 2 Bills With Heavy Penalties For Bribes in Sports One Written Specifically For District and Other For National Events Heavy penalties for bribery in connection "with sporting con tests, in the District and nation ally, are proposed in bills intro duced in the House today by Representative Hebert, Demo crat, of Louisiana. He said the two measures, one spe cifically for the District and the other for the “interstate” contests, elsewhere in the country, were the outgrowth of the professional foot ball scandal. Referring to the case of Alvin Paris, recently convicted in new on charges of attempting to bribe Frank Filchock and Merle Hapes of the New York Giants, Mr. Hebert told the House: “Sports is a big business and the public must be% protected from the fixers, the chiselers and the graft ers.” Congress in the past has struck effectively at automobile theft with the Dyer Act, narcotics peddling with the Harrison Act and the white slave market with the Mann Act,” he said. He said he was not as much con cerned about protecting the person who wanted to make a bet on an athletic contest as he was in pro tecting “the kids of the Nation who believe our American sports are part and parcel of our American way of life.” “If we allow the ideals of youth to be tom down by some cheap crooks, chiselers and grafters who want only sure things in life,” he said, “then we destroy everything we teach our youngsters to believe.” His national bill applying to any sports event for which contestants travel interstate, proposes a maxi mum penalty of a fine of $10,000 or imprisonment for 10 years, or both. It would apply to anyone found guilty of bribing or attempting to bribe, directly or indirectly, any of ficer, employe or member of an ath letic organization or team, or any contest official “with intent to influ ence his decision or action." The District bill proposes a maxi mum fine of $1,000 or imprisonment up to five years, or both. It would apply to any person offering or ac cepting any bribe or promised gratu ity. In addition it would be applied to “any contest of skill, speed, strength or endurance of man or beast.” * Blum to Confer With Attlee On French Economic Plans By Hw Associated Pross PARIS, Jan. 13.—French Presi dent-Premier Leon Blum will go to London today by plane for a series of conferences with Prime Minister Attlee on Prance’s economic situa tion, Mr. Blum’s office announced. Mr. Blum is expected to stay in London as Mr. Attlee’s guest “two or three days,” assistants said. Most of the conferences will con cern France’s pressing need for coal, quarters close to the Premier de clared, adding that Mr. Blum would seek Britain's assistance in obtain ing larger quotas of coal from the Rhineland and Ruhr. A 95,000 in Haifa Held ..j* ■ Under House Arrest After Bomb Kills 4 British Impose Curfew; 142 Hurt as Explosion Wrecks Police Station By th« Associated Press JERUSALEM, Jan. 13.—Haifa’s 95,000 inhabitants were held under virtual house arrest today by a British curfew imposed last night after a violent explosion wrecked the city’s police station, killing four policemen and in juring more than 142 other per sons. The casualty list showed two British policemen and two Arabian temporary constables dead; 62 po licemen—British, Arab and Jewish— hurt, 1 Briton severely; 48 civilians hospitalized; 32 given first aid, and many more cut, bruised or shocked. The blast—set off at 6:10 p.m. in an automobile load of explosives planted outside the station—shook Palestine’s main seaport throughout, sent glass splinters fiying for as much as a mile, disrupted traffic and the telephone system and start ed fires that raged for a half hour in the next door post office and oth er nearby buildings. The government said the six-story headquarters, at the foot of Mount Carmel and about 100 yards from the harbor entrance in a Jewish Arab neighborhood, was “virtually leveled.” Officials reported that three men, one in police garb and the others in raincoats, drove the bomb car, la beled “police,” up to the building and fled into a tangle of streets and alleys. Guards fired after them and noting a blazing fuse in the automobile, gave an alarm to clear the station. About 15 policemen got out before the blast three minutes later. Debris blocked the water-front parkway and glass littered streets for blocks. Immediately guards on public buildings were doubled, Bren gun carriers took strategic posts and road-blocks established by the Brit (See PALESTINE, Page A-5.) Luzon Volcano Erupts In Shower of Rock By the Associated Press MANILA, Jan. 13.—Southern Lu zon’s towering Mayon volcano, boil ing for five days, erupted this morning with a furious shower of boulders and lava. Lt. (jg) Robert Case of Nevada, Ohio, a Navy weather officer, circled the volcano at 10,000 feet during the display in an Army plane piloted by Capt. Robert A. Harris, of Day ton, Ohio. “It (the peak) got redder and swelled like a bubble, then broke,” Lt. Case related. "A lava stream went straight up to a height we estimated at 8,000 to 10,000 feet above the peak (itself 7,903 feet). “We saw huge rocks blown straight up. They looked like small houses to us even at a distance of a mile and a half or two miles. The erup tion lasted about a half hour.” Camalia and Libou near the base were ordered evacuated as lava boiled over down the eastern and southern slopes and black smoke mushroomed a miles Into the sky. Failure of Radio Range Probed in Crash Fatal fo 18 Only One Survives Plunge of Airliner Near Galax, Va. By the Associated Press GALAX, Va., Jan. 13.—What part, If any, an “inoperative ra dio beacon” played in the crash of an Eastern Airlines passenger plane near here, with the loss of 18 lives, may be learned to day as the company and the Civil Aeronautics Board launched investigations. The big liner, Miami-bound from Detroit, plunged to earth and burned around 1:45 a.m. yester day on a rain-swept hill about 10 miles west of here. Only one of the 19 persons aboard survived the terrific impact and subsequent fire. CAB investigators examined the blackened wreckage for clues to the accident’s cause and Washington officials said public hearings would follow immediately. Pulled From Wreckage. The lone survivor was William Ellis Keyes, jr., 25, of Boynton, Fla, who was pulled from the twisted wreckage by two rescuers who ripped a seat from the flaming fuselage and dragged him to safety. (A congressional investigation of what he termed the “inex cusable killing of American peo ple” in plane crashes was pro posed to the House today by Representative Rivers, Democrat, of South Carolina.) (The Eastern Airlines tragedy brought the total of dead in crashes In the United States to 27 yesterday* Five persons were killed when two planes collided over the Aviation Center Air port at Miami, Fla. One person was injured critically. (Another Florida crash cost two lives when an Army train ing plane crashed at Cocoa in Brevard County. (A two-seated private plane crashed at Van Dyke, near De troit, killing an Army Air Forces veteran and a student pilot.) Capt. Eddie Rickenbacker, presi dent and general manager of East ern Air Ijines, said in Miami that the plane was 60 miles off its course when it crashed near here. The Civil Aeronautics Authority, he said, messaged at 2:30 am,—about 45 minutes after the plane went down —that the airways radio range bea con at Winston-Salem, N. C, was not operating. The big DC-3 plane, flight 665 of the line, was due at Winston-Salem, its next stop, at 1.23 a.m. Attempted to Contact Plane. Capt. Rickenbacker said ha did not know how long the airways Dea con had been inoperative, but added that “our station at Charlotte at tempted to contact the plane at 1:33 a.m. to tell the crew that the range modulation of the airway beacon was unsatisfactory.” “It appears to us that there was some connection between the in operative radio beacon and the fact that the plane crashed off its course,” he said. In Washington a CAA spokesman said the CAA was monitoring the range during the early morning hours yesterday and that it was getting weak signals which failed altogether at 1:55 a.m. He said this range was taken over from the Army recently and the CAA had not had a chance to check it. If the power fails, he added, there is no standby power available. He said he did not know how long the sig nals were off yesterday morning, but when maintenance men checked it at 2:45 am. it was functioning. Sheared Off Trees. The airliner sheared off the tops of trees for 560 yards. The wings were ripped off and the fusilaga came to rest against a muddy fill, only a stone’s throw from the North South highway and about 100 yards from its intersection with route 95. The list of those aboard the plane, released by Eastern’s Miami office; The crew: Capt. Harold M. Has kew, Jacksonville, Fla, pilot; J. J, Canepa, copilot, whose wife, Mil dred, was waiting for a telephone call from him in Vineland, N. J, when she heard of his death, and *See CRASHES, Page A-3.) Cotton Swept Downward By Heavy Liquidation By th« Associated Press NEW YORK. Jan. 13.—Heavy liquidation swept cotton futures down almost $3 a bale in early trading today, but as selling sub sided the market rebounded more than (1. Midmorning prices were $1 to $1.85 lower. Selling was attributed to trade nervousness over the general busi ness outlook as various economists predicted a recession and as com modity prices continued to sag and reports of buyer resistance to high prices increased. Know Your Orchestra Neighborhood Concert Tonight at McKinley The fourth of the series of Neighborhood Concerts spon sored by The Evening Star will be played tonight at Mc Kinley High School, Second and T streets N.E., by the Na tional Symphony Orchestra with Dr. Hans Kindler con ducting. Beethoven’s “Symphony No. 5, C Minor,” will be the fea tured part of the program. Guests at the concert are requested to be in their seats by 8:45 p.m. If the concert tickets are exhausted and you cannot attend in person, be sure to listen in on the broadcast by Station WMAL at V p.m.