Newspaper Page Text
Weather Forecast Partly cloudy today with high around 60 degrees. Fair, not quite so warm, to night and tomorrow. Temp? atures yesterday: High, 62, at 2:20 p.m.; low. 44, at 6:08 a.m. Pull Report on Page A-2. United State* Weatner Bureau Resort. Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier in the city and suburbs at 90c per month when 4 Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5 Sundays. ^ , Telephone NA. 5000. An Associated Press Newspaper No. 2,lfi2—No. 57,521 WASHINGTON, D., G, JANUARY 26, 1947-116 PAGES. ★★★ gysss. TEN CENTS. &SES? U. S. Steel Gives CIO 30 Million in Back Pay Union Says 175,000 Workers Also Will Get Wage Increases By the Associated Press PITTSBURGH, Jan. 25.—An hourly wage standardization agreement which will net work ers in U. S. Steel plants more than $30,000,000 in back pay was announced today by the corpora tion and the United Steel Work ers. CIO. The union set the back pay figure at $32,000,000 and said the agree ment additionally will mean \yage raises totaling $17,000,000 for many of about 175,000 workers in the cor poration's five principal steel pro ducing subsidiaries. The corporation said the back pay would be in excess of $30,000,000 but fixed no figure for raise benefits to workers in the standardized scale. Employes of the American Steel and Wire Co., Camegie-Illinois Steel Corp., Columbia Steel Co., Na tional Tube Co. and Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad Co., whose rates have been lower than the new scale, will benefit, United States Steel re ported. The agreement also applies to the plant of the Geneva Steel Co. at Ironton, Utah. Effective in February. The new scale will be effective the first pay in February. Corporation sources said it was equivalent to a li/2 cents hourly increase to a large percentage of workers. The union estimated the hourly wage benefits at from 1 per cent an hour to around 29 cents an hour and said some workers may receive as much as $1,800 in back pay. The agreement was reached after two years of work by a joint union management committee following a directive by the National War Labor Board to negotiate wage scales elim inating alleged intraplant wage rate CIO and Chrysler Agree to Extend Contract 30 Days By the Associated Press DETROIT, Jan. 25.—Chrysler Corp. today extended its con tract with the CIO United Auto Workers, due to expire tomor row, for 30 days. The extension was mutually agreed to, a company an nouncement said. It followed the action of the CIO in extending its contract with the United States Steel Corp. to April 30 announced Friday. Negotiations between Chrys ler and the UAW-CIO began January 16, and the company statement said “arrangements have also been made to con tinue negotiations toward re newing this contract.” The extension, in effect, vir tually eliminates the possibility of an early strike of major pro portions in the auto industry since the union’s contracts with General Motors Corp. and the Ford Motor Co. have several months to run. inequities with adjustments to be retroactive to January 4, 1944. The corporation said that by agreement with the union costs of intra-plant adjustments would be limited to 3% cents per employe hour and that the retroactive pay ments will approximate 70 per cent of the total hourly adjustment, pay able in lump sums as soon as prac ticable. 30 Labor Classifications. Under the agreement, the corpor ation said, more than 25,000 widely I varied steel mill jobs are grouped * into 30 general labor classifications, resulting in scales ranging up to $1.98 an hour in all plants in which common labor base is now 96'- cents an hour, The union estimated the agree ments lumps into 30 classifications "the hodge-podge of some 45,000 to cC.000 separate job title.” The Wage scale agreement fol lowed hard on the heels of a com pletely amicable agreement between "big steel” and the union which claims 853.000 members in the entire industry, to extend contracts with the corporation until May 1. Contracts negotiated between United States Steel and the union traditionally have set the pattern for the industry, and last year after a month-long strike—the 18'2 cent, hourly wage boost granted CIO workers in “Big Steel” plants created a national pattern in all segments of industry. The contract extension, plus an nouncements by Philip Murray, president, and Benjamin F. Fair ,See STEEL!~Page A-4.) Ottawa's Spy Case Last summer and fall the newspapers carried sensa tional stories of how a net work of spies operating from the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa, had been uncovered by the confession, to Canadian au thorities, of a disillusioned Communist who was sick of his part in what was going on. But the complete story of this intrigue, as found between the covers of the thick “Report of the Royal Commission” which investigated it, has not been adequately told in Washing ton. Because that story con tains an important lesson to Americans, Rex Collier, of the Editorial Staff of The Star, has written a series of articles on what was found. It will be published, beginning tomor row, on the editorial page. It Is fascinating and important _ New Capitol One of Proposals To Relieve Present Congestion Old Building Would Become National Shrine; Bridges Also Hears of Scheme for East Wing By J. A. O'Leary A suggestion that Congress build a new Capitol and preserve the structure as a national shrine is being discussed infor mally by some lawmakers, it was learned yesterday. Senator Bridges, Republican, of New Hampshire, new chairman Of the Senate Appropriations Commit tee, admitted he has heard this mentioned as the most extreme of several proposals for meeting a cur rent demand for more office space: on Capitol Hill. Other solutions Senator Bridges said have been put forward include: 1. Erection of another office structure on land near the present Senate Office Building. 2. Adding another story to the present Senate Office Building, pro vided it would not run the building too high above the sky-line of the Capitol Hill area. 3. Building another wing across the interior courtyard of the present Senate Office Building, which, it is argued, might make courtyard offices too dark. 4. Revival of an old plan for ex tension of the East front of the cen tral portion of the Capitol Build ing. on a line with the House and Senate wings, which would provide many new rooms for members, and for committee work. It is understood that Senator Brooks, Republican, of Illinois, chairman of the Rules Committee, and Senator Bridges conferred re cently on the office-space problem, which has been aggravated by the reorganization of Congressional Committees. They plan to meet again soon with Senator Revercomb, Republican,-oi West Virginia, chairman of the Pub lic Works Committee, and Sena tor Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan, President of the Senate, to canvas the situation. * Senator Bridges emphasized he is not committeed to any one plan, but said he thought the suggestion that Congress erect a modern, effi cient Capitol in which to legislate, without disturbing the old Capitol, “has a great deal of merit.” Extension Plan Opposed. Heretofore, the plan which has been on file for many years to extend the east front of the old Capitol has encountered sufficient opposition to prevent it from being carried out. Whether the suggestion to build a (See CAPITOL, Page A-9.) Place on Claims Court For Schwellenbach Reported Under Study Hannegan Likely to Quit As Party Chairman Soon, But Stay in Cabinet By Gould Lincoln Changes involving two mem bers of President Truman’s Cabi net, Secretary of Labor Schwel lenbach and Postmaster General Hannegan are under considera tion, Mr. Schwellenbach, it is reported, is being considered for appointment to the vacancy existing In the United States Court of Claims.. Postmaster General Hannegan, who also holds the office of Demo cr..tic National chairman, is expected soon to give up the national chair manship, though he will retain the cabinet post. Mr. Schwellenbach came from the Federal bench to the office of Secre tary of Labor. He would like, at the opportune moment, to reutrn to the bench. According to his friends, he also likes to live here. Whether the change will be made before the labor legislation program, suggested by President Truman and greatly amplified by Republican leadership in Congress, has been whipped into shape is the question. Steelman Mentioned. Should Mr. Schwellenbach go to the Court of Claims it has been sug gested John R. Steelmar, director of War Mobilization and Reconver sion, will be made Secretary of Labor. II President Truman should have Mr. Schwellenbach in mind lor a Supreme Court appointment, there would be no reason why he could not be transferred from the Court of Claims if a vacancy should come in the highest court. Mr. Hannegan, who flew into Washington and flew out again the first of last week after a conference with the President, has not been in good health. It had been planned for him to get out of the national chair manship at a meeting of the na tional committee here January 24. The meeting plan was canceled, however, to give more time for the selection of the man who is to be come chairman in Mr. Hannegan's place. At one time it had been reported that the chairmanship would go to Democratic State Chairman Paul A. Fitzpatrick of New York. The drub bing which Gov. Thomas E. Dewey gave to the Democrats ig New York last November seemed to have les sened the availability of Mr. Fitz patrick. However, Mr. Fitzpatrick is highly regarded. He was at the White House yes terday, but whether the national chairmanship was discussed is not known. It is understood he was here to talk of the effort being made by Mayor O'Dwyer to throw the old crowd out of Tammany Hall and get new blood into the organization which has been on the downward path for some time. No Jobs oiven Lame Docks. Although the Congressional elec tions are nearly three months in the past, and many Democratic Senators and Representatives lost their jobs as a result of those elec tions, President Truman has still to appoint a "lame duck" to public office. It is true that not a great many offices have become vacant in that period. But some have. Not all of the “lame ducks” wish public office—though it may be doubted many would decline if an offer were made. Among the form er Democratic Senators are Mead of New York—beaten decisively by Gov. Dewey in the gubernatorial election—who would like to have an appointment, Guffey of Penn sylvania, Huffman of Ohio, Mit chell of Washington, Murdock of Utah, Radcliffe of Maryland, Tun nell of Delaware, Walsh of Massa chusetts. and Wheeler of Montana. Report has it that President Tru man is by no means partial to the idea that "lame duck” Congress members should have priority on appointment to important Federal jobs. He is particularly anxious to get the best qualified men for the posts in which vacancies occur. Furthermore, if he once opens the gate by appointment of a “lame duck”, the pressure for others will become enormous. To appoint one and decline others would be dif ficult. ___ Radio Programs, Pg. C-8 Complete Index, Pg. A-2 Nazi Plot to Return To Power Is Reported Growing in Germany First Aims Said to Include Control of Allied-Backed Democratic Institutions By the Associated Press LONDON, Jan. 25 —The Inter national Committee for the Study of European Questions charged today that a Nazi net work in Germany whose strength “is increasing more and more each month,” was laying the groundwork to recapture power through control of allied-fos tered democratic institutions. The committee, which Includes many outstanding British. French, Belgian, Danish and Dutch lead ers, said the exhaustive reports of trends in Germany was given to the prime ministers and foreign ministers of the various Allied na tions yesterday. “Tne Nazi party has recovered from the first shock of Germany’s defeat and is quietly reorganizing for a return to power through cap turing Control of the democratic institutions set up by the Allies,” the report declared. Directed by Former Leaders. The report said the network was “directed by former important Nazi leaders, by members of foreign ‘col laborationist’ movements who took refuge in Germany after her defeat, by officers and non-commissioned officer of the Wehrmacht.” It said that among the leaders “are a fairly important number” of those liberated July 3, 1946, in the general amnesty granted by United States Gen. Lucius D. Clay. Dr. Robert Borel is general sec retary of the international commit tee, which includes: Lord Brabazon of Tara, former minister of aircraft production; Lord Vansittart, former permanent undersecretary of state; Prof. D. W. Brogan, of Cambridge University, and Labor and Conservative mem bers of Parliament, for England; former Premier Edouard Herriot and former Washington Ambassador Paul Claudel for France; Senate President Robert Gillon, of Belgium; former Foreign Minister Christmas Moeller, of Denmark, and former Foreign Minister Deelaerts Van Blokland, of Holland. Passive Resistance Is Aim. The report said the Nazi organiza tions presently aim at “passive re sistance only,” endeavoring to: 1. “Thwart de-Nazification and (See NAZI PLOT, Page A-5.) Crashed Plane Reported Sighted in Colombia By tho Associated Press BOGOTA, Colombia, Jan. 25.— Avianca Airlines said today that one of their transports reported missing since Wednesday had been located from the air in a jungle near Puerto Araujo, on the Carare River, 125 miles north of Bogota. The plane apparently had crashed and the fate of the 17 persons aboard was not immediately known. The aircraft was en route from Bogota to Barrancabermeja, 170 miles to the north on the Magdelena River. It was piloted by Clifford Pitman of Los Nietos, Calif. U. S. Welcomes Argentine Edict On Axis Firms Unusual Statement Apparently Indicates Improved Relations By John M. Hightower Associated Press Staff Writer In an unusual statement ap parently foreshadowing im proved relations with Argentina, the United States yesterday offi cially welcomed an Argentine decree for taking over Axis firms. At the same time, this Govern ment made plain that it still is look ing to President Juan D. Peron to rid Argentina of all Axis agents there. The statement was issued a short time alter Ambassador George S. Messersmith, a storm center of American diplomacy for several months, conferred with Secretary of State Marshall and told newsmen he will return to his post at Buenos Aires as soon as travel arrangements can be made. Messersmith Sees Braden. Mr. Messersmith also saw Assist ant Secretary of State Spruille Bra den, whose tough handling of Ar gentine affairs he has criticized. In dications are that in returning to Argentina, Mr. Messersmith's main task is to negotiate further with the Peron administration for deporta tion of the enemy agents still in the country. The State Department’s statement was unusual because of its generally friendly tone toward Argentina. ! Diplomatic authorities suggested that this meant no change in Mr. Braden’s insistence that the Argen tine government should live up to its international obligations to wipe out Axis firms and influences but reflected American pleasure at a 'major step in that direction. “This Government,” said the statement, “has learned of the promulgation of a decree by the government of Argentina eliminat ing enemy ownership and control of a large number of enemy spear head firms. This is an important step and comes as a welcome addi tion to the measures already taken in respect to Nazi educational and other institutions. “Consultations are continuing with the government of Argentina in respect to enemy agents.” Mr. Messersmith gave no hint as to whether he considers his policy battle with Mr. Braden a win, loss, or draw. May Smooth Differences. The Ambassador’s return to Ar gentina, at least temporarily, while Mr. Braden remains his boss in the State Department, also at least tem porarily, indicated that the differ ences between them may be smoothed out by actions of the Peron government itself. Mr. Braden long ago laid down the policy that the United States would not officially develop the friendliest possible relations with Argentina until President Peron had cleaned out Nazi influences. Mr. Messersmith, who was- chosen for his job by Mr. Braden, decided months ago that Mr. Peroiv w'as do ing his best. The Ambassador’s split with Mr. Braden arose over his feel ing that Mr. Braden was being need lessly unbending. Actually, this meant that the United States would not sit in on the Inter-American Conference pro posed for Rio De Janeiro until its relations with Argentina were put in order. It also meant that the State Department turned a deaf ear to Argentine appeals for Ameri can arms. Taking Over 40 Concerns. Secretary Marshall is reported to have given considerable attention to the Argentine problem since taking office last Tuesday. He discussed it with President Truman Thursday. Mr. Messersmlth’s conference with the Secretary yesterday came shortly after the Argentine government an nounced it is taking over approxi mately 60 concerns which formerly belonged to nationals of Axis coun tries. Such a move was one of the three main actions on which the United States has insisted. The oth^r two are deportation of German agents and the closing down of Ger man institutions and schools. Diplomatic officials have indicated there was general agreement that Argentina has complied sufficiently on the question of schools and insti tutions. With regard to the remaining is sue of German agents, the Argen tine government recently made available for deportation some 14 out of the list of 52 who were sched uled to be rounded up. Officials said eight others have been taken in custody and the remainer are scat tered throughout Argentina follow ing premature disclosure that police were arresting members of the group. Capone, Prohibition Mobster, Attains His Wish to Die in Bed By th» Auocioted PretJ MIAMI BEACH, Fla., Jan. 25.— Scarface A1 Capone, 48, gangland leader who feared a mobsters’ death, died tonight amid the luxury of his private villa with his family gathered around. “I don’t want to die, shot in the street,” he once said. When death came at 7:25 pjn, of pneumonia and heart failure, com plications of an apoplectic stroke, he was in his own bed with expert medical care at hand—and behind high protective walls that have long guarded him from possible revenge. Death came very suddenly of heart failure, said his physician, Dr. Ken neth S. Phillips, who has treated the prohibition era gang leader since he emerged from prison November 16, 1939. Capone's widow, Mae, collapsed at his death and is herself in se rious condition. The necessity of medical atten tion for Mrs. Capone caused an* nouncement or the death or the Chicago mobster to be delayed for an hour. The gangster was stricken with apoplexy on Tuesday at 4 am. The last rites of the Catholic Church were administered two hours after his stroke. Dozens of persons, none of them identified, were admitted to the Capone estate on sub-tropical Palm Island, an artificial spot of land dredged up from Biscayne Bay. More callers than the villa has ever had before were admitted. A block-long line of sleek, black limou sines were parked outside while their occupants went in. A hearse pulled through the gates and soon afterward bore the body of Capone to a funeral home on Miami Beach. This was the last of a long series (Continued on Page A-6, Column I.) House Members See How Navy Radar 'Talks' Down Planes I Watch from Ground and Air at Demonstration of Bad Weather Landings By W. H. Shippen, Jr. Aviation Editor of The Star PATUXENT, Md., Naval An Test Center, Jan. 25.—House members investigating civilian air transport accidents appeared favorably impressed today with the Navy’s standard radar sys tem for ‘talking down” aircraft in bad weather. While the Navy’s experts had hoped to run the demonstrations through fog, rain and low ceilings, the Representatives who flew in the “blind” transports managed to cor ceal any disappointment, they may have felt when the day turned out calm and sunny with visibility un limited. , After the flights, Chairman Wol verton said he and 17 members of the Commerce Committee had learned much of practical value to guide them in their efforts to im prove the safety of commercial air operations and help restore public confidence in air transportation. Peek Over Pilots’ Shoulders. Not content with watching from the ground, and listening to ground controlled approach operators guide planes into precise landing positions or “touch-downs” on the runway, the Representatives climbed into the transports and peered over the pilots’ shoulders while they circled and flew in “blind” with only their instruments and the voice in their. radio ear-phones to guide them. Several committeemen expressed surprise that neither this facility nor the Army's GCA system at nearby Andrews Field was used for emergency landings by air trans port pilots who were caught in a holding, stack over National Airport one night several weeks ago and either flew to other fields with fuel running low or landed under adverse conditions with little gasoline to spare. vi i -1.1. n.,A AVt r, A AVin \Toiftr It was brought out tnat tne wavy had offered the facility on request to pilots in emergencies. On the night in question, the planes could have flown here in 15 or 20 minutes for GCA guidance to bring them under the low ceiling into position for an easy visual landing. One airliner passed up this area and landed in the darkness on the edge of the breakers on Jones Beach, New York. Funds to Be Sought. While it was a Navy shotf here today, and a conclusive one—as far as many representatives were con cerned, one result probably will be to speed up the Civil Aeronautics Ad ministration- of the Army Air Force offer to lend 20 additional GCA sets to the Federal airways. CAA Administrator T. P. Wright assured the committee this week he will seek a supplemental appropriation to install the sets at 10 airports and 10 alternates. While Mr. Wright feels that GCA has yet to prove its adaptability to safe commercial operations through service tests, and should be used as a “monitor” or auxiliary stand-by for instrument landing systems now being widely installed, the Repre senatives were told that the Navy considers the system thoroughly (See AIR SAFETY, Page A-5.) Finn Ronne Expedition Leaves for Antarctic / By the Associated Pres* BEAUMONT, Tex., Jan. 25.—The Finn Ronne Antarctic Expedition sailed from Beaumont today for an 18-month scientific and research voyage to the south polar regions. The 183-foot vessel with its 23 man crew left at 3 p.m. four hours after the scheduled departure time. Several thousand persons watched the departure and hindered the crew in loading the last two airplanes and other equipment. The expedition will base on Mar guerite Bay, Palmer Land Peninsula, on the Antarctic continent 7,000 miles from here. It expects to be gone for approximately 18 months, returning to Beaumont in the sum mer of 1948. Research experiments in minerals, 011 resources, cosmic radiation and performance tests on electric equip ment will be conducted. Data on weather, climate and terrestrial magnetism will be sought Polar Plane Finds 15,000-Foot Peaks In Unexplored Area By Thomas R. Henry Star Staff Correipondent WITH ANTARCTIC EXPE DITION, Jan. 25.—One of the highest mountain ranges in the world was discovered today about 150 miles south of the Franklin Roosevelt Sea in an unexplored and unnamed land. Peaks in the range rise to heights of more than 15,000 feet. The discovery, one of the most important yet made by the expedition, was reported by the crew of an exploration plane under command of Capt. George Dufek of Rockford, 111. (Another Henry dispatch on Page A-2.) Negligence Ruled Out By Coroner's Jury In Death of Scott Natural Causes Verdict Accepted by His Lawyer; Official Action Ends A coroner’s jury decided late yesterday that Charles W. Scott, 24, colored, died of natural causes last November 2 in District jail. After a prolonged inquest in the Morgue, the jury deliberated about 50 minutes before reaching its verdict. It appended this statement: “Further, we believe there was no negligence on the part of any party or parties concerned.’’ By its decision, the jury completed official action in the case. Scott, driving an automobile listed by police as stolen, was injured when the car crashed into a truck at New York and Florida avenues N.E., November 1. Harry E. Hamil ton, one of the two police detectives who had been clinging to the sides of the car, was hurt fatally. More Than 50 Testify. Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald held Scott had died of natural causes—shock reaction to tetanus and gas bacillus antitoxins adminis tered in the Jail infirmary. How ever, Curtis P. Mitchell, who was Scott's attorney, and several or ganizations repeatedly demanded an inquest. It was argued all circum stances surrounding the death should have been made known pub licly. Dr. MacDonald finally decided to hold an inquest, thereby sotting aside his first finding. It began Thursday and was continued yes terday. More than 50 witnesses were heard. Following announcement of the verdict, Mr. Mitchell said he now considered the matter closed. In his charge to the jury, Dr. Mac Donald pointed out it could return a verdict 6f natural causes or of negli gence. Mr. Mitchell, who was present at the inquest as representative of rSeeSCOTT, Page A-9.) McKellar, Nearing 78, Will Not Run Again By the Aisockited Press Senator McKellar, Democrat, of Tennessee, who began his senatorial service March 4, 191^ Said yesterday he “never expects to run again.” Now ranking member of the Sen ate in point of seniority, Mr. McKel lar will be 78 Wednesday. He has been elected to six successive terms in the Senate._ Two Youths Killed As Car Pursued by Police Crashes Bus Three Others Are Hurt In Head-On Collision On Fort Myer Drive ELDERLY MAN KILLED crossing Connecticut avenue to return oook. Page A-2 Two youths were killed and three others injured yesterday when their automobile, pursued by an Arlington County police car, crashed head . on into a crowded bus on Fort Myer drive, Arlington. The dead were identified as Charles Voshall, 19, of Pittsburgh, Pa„ and Earl Henry Rombouski, 21, of Washington. The injured, all in Arlington Hospital, were listed by police as George Mottem, 26, of 1701 South Nelson street, Arlington; George MacMannis, 20, of Pitts burgh, and Robert Br.nk, 23, of Tulsa, Okla. Bus Passenger Slightly Hurt. The hospital said the condition of the three injured was good. They received bruises and lacerations. A bus passenger, Reba V. Perkins, 37, of 1512 South Oakland street, Arlington, was slightly injured and was released from the hospital after receiving first-aid treatment. Driver of the bus was Marvin M. Thompson, 24, of 2727 South George Mason drive, Arlington. Passed Stop Sign. Police said the five-passenger coupe, containing the youths, was first spotted at Eighteenth and South Monroe streets. Police be lieved it had passed a stop sign at that intersection and said they followed it over Eighteenth street, Glebe road, and Highland street, where it cut through a gasoline sta tion and entered Columbia pike without stopping. With speeds exceeding more than 70 miles an hour at times, the chase continued to Fillmore street, over to the Lee boulevard and up Fort Myer drive they said. There the automobile struck the bus, near the north entrance to Fort Myer. 7 Bandits Take $25,000 At Coney Island Bath By the Associated Press NEW YORK, Jan. 25—Seven masked men held up one of Coney Island’s largest Turkish baths today and fled with an estimated $25,000 to $50,000 in cash and jewelry be longing to 150 patrons. The loot was contained in indi vidual strong boxes which had been locked in the bathhouse vault. With drawn guns, the robbers entered Silver's Baths on the Coney Island boardwalk, tied up two at tendants and carried the steel de posit boxes to two waiting cars in which they made their getaway. Fire in Bed Proves Fatal To Northeast Resident Charles W. Crickenberger, 40. of 219 Fourteenth street N.E., died at Casualty Hospital shortly after 1 a.m. today after being burned about the head and chest and over come with smoke when his bed caught fire. Police said he apparently fell asleep while smoking in the bed, which was on the second floor of the two-story brick house. 16 Pushups and Rope Climbing New West Point Requirements By th« Associated Press The Army is toughening up its physical requirements for entrance to West Point. In a letter yesterday to members of Congress, the War Department said that henceforth "each candi date, regardless of the type of ap pointment, must qualify in physical aptitude in addition to meeting the existing mental and physical re quirements.” The new regulations are effective July 1, the next regular academy admission date. Fitness will be de termined by a one-hour examina tion after other tests. Candidates must be able to jump vertically 17 inches, broad jump 6 feet 9 inches from a standing posi tion and 20 feet 6 inches with a run, i do 16 pushups, run SO yards in 6.7 seconds, 100 yards in 18.9 seconds and 300 yards in 46.7 seconds, and carry a man pick-a-back 100 yards in 27 seconds. Among other requirements: Jump over a horizontal bar 4 feet, 6 inches high, do 20 situps in 30 seconds, throw a softball 140 feet, a basketball 65 feet, and a medicine ball 33 feet, and climb a rope 10 feet 6 inches long in seven seconds. “All candidates are hereby advised to condition themselves physically for this examination by participating in a wide range of'physical activi ties,” the Army said. All candidates, the letter added, must pass the examination, which is "designed to measure neuromuscu lar coordination, muscular power, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance, and flexibility.” Austin Pledges U. S. to Baruch Atomic Policy U. N. Assembly Plan For Arms Cut Also Will Be Retained By the Associated Pres* NEW YORK, Jan. 25.—Warren R. Austin, chief American dele gate to the United Nations, to night reaffirmed the United States full support of the Baruch plan for international atomic control and of the U. N. General Assembly’s recommendation for world-wide arms reductions. The statement in a prepared speech to the annual dinner of the New York State Bar Association was looked on as assurance that changes in the State Department and the United States delegation to the U. N. would reflect no change in United States atomic policies. Mr. Austin left no doubt that he would follow the basic principles laid down by Bernard M. Baruch in the Atomic Energy Commission before Mr. Baruch resigned and turned over the American representation on that body to Mr. Austin. Firm Support of Principles. ‘•The United States stands firmly in support of the principles em bodied in the General Assembly’s resolution and the (Baruch) recom mendations of the Atomic Energy Commission to the Security Council,’’ Mr. Austin said. The speech was described by an American spokesman as a "clarifica tion” to show that atomic controls co’ id be set up free of the Big Five Power veto in the Security Council and still comply with the charter provisions. The former senator from Ver mont, now chief United States dele gate on both the Security Council and Atomic Energy Commission, said the charter provides safeguards “against any act of nullification by a (Big Five) permanent member which could result in temporarily paralyzing the Security Council.” This lies in the “general obliga tion of Article 1 to take collective action against a threat to the peace, or breach of the peace,” he added. “In so great a matter as the con trol of atomic energy to ensure its use for peaceful purposes only, and control of other weapons of mass destruction,” Mr. Austin said, “the great nations should be ready and willing to apply the obligations and use of the powers of the charter. “That means agreement on a sys tem under which international (atomic) controls are so effective that violations can be surely de tected and corrected before they endanger peace.” Mr. Austin said the Atomic Energy Commission’s report, which has been adopted by the Security Council, and the Assembly resolution for arms reduction represented "en couraging progress.” He added, however, that "an im mense amount of further negotia tion, exploration and study of the problems, and all of the drafting of air-tight treaty provisions, remain to be accomplished in the Security Council and Atomic Energy Com missions.” Organizer Charges CIO Fired Him for Organizing By the Associated Press WINSTON-SALEM, N. C., Jan. 25—The CIO was charged with be ing unfair to organized labor in a complaint filed here today at the sub-regional NLRB office by Arthur Calvin Leonard of Salisbury, N. C., who identified himself as a former CIO organizer. Mr. Leonard said he was fired from his CIO organizing job because he attempted to establish an “Organizers Independent Union,” not affiliated with the CIO. Mr. Leonard said he was assigned by the CIO to organize textile em ployes at Kannapolis, N. C., for the Textile Workers Union of America. At the same time, he said, he was seeking to enlist jother or ganizers as members of the inde pendent group. Reed Johnston, examiner In charge of the NLRB office here, said a decision in the case would rest on whether the CIO is engaged in interstate commerce within the meaning of the Wagner Act. Five in Private Plane Die in Crash in Indiana By the Associated Press RENSSELAER. Ind.. Jan. 25.—A twin-motored private plane en rout* from Indianapolis to Chicago crashed and killed five persons to night near a road intersection 5 miles southeast of here. State police reported papers found in the plane indicated the pilot was I. J. Enger of Minneapolis, and that one of the passengers may have been Ralph Allen Wheeler of Austin, Minn. The plane left Indianapolis late this afternoon, the airport there re ported. It crashed about 8:30 p.m. Sheriff William Webb of Jasper County and state police took charge of the wreckage and began inquiries into the accident. $5,000,000 Recovered In Plane Crash By the Associated Press HONG KONG, Jan. 26.—Police officials reported today that “all of the gold’’ aboard the Philippines Airlines plane which crashed into a Hong Kong mountain yesterday with four persons aboard had been recovered. Authorities said that “ail of the crew were killed.” (The plane was reported by au thorities in Manila to have been carrying $5,000,000 in gold coins and bars, which was destined for Hong Kong banks.) The company listed those aboard as Capt. O. T. Weymouth, an Ameri can pilot, and a crew of three Fili pinos, M. A. Lim, co-pilot: B. Merza, radio operator, and Miss Lourde* Chuidian, flight attendant.