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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 26, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Partly cloudy today with high around
60 degrees. Fair, not quite so warm, to
night and tomorrow.
Temp? atures yesterday: High, 62, at
2:20 p.m.; low. 44, at 6:08 a.m.
Pull Report on Page A-2.
United State* Weatner Bureau Resort.
Home Delivery
The Evening and Sunday Star is
delivered by carrier in the city and
suburbs at 90c per month when 4
Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5
Sundays.
^ , Telephone NA. 5000.
An Associated Press Newspaper
No. 2,lfi2—No. 57,521
WASHINGTON, D., G, JANUARY 26, 1947-116 PAGES. ★★★
gysss. TEN CENTS. &SES?
U. S. Steel Gives
CIO 30 Million
in Back Pay
Union Says 175,000
Workers Also Will
Get Wage Increases
By the Associated Press
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 25.—An
hourly wage standardization
agreement which will net work
ers in U. S. Steel plants more
than $30,000,000 in back pay was
announced today by the corpora
tion and the United Steel Work
ers. CIO.
The union set the back pay figure
at $32,000,000 and said the agree
ment additionally will mean \yage
raises totaling $17,000,000 for many
of about 175,000 workers in the cor
poration's five principal steel pro
ducing subsidiaries.
The corporation said the back pay
would be in excess of $30,000,000 but
fixed no figure for raise benefits to
workers in the standardized scale.
Employes of the American Steel
and Wire Co., Camegie-Illinois
Steel Corp., Columbia Steel Co., Na
tional Tube Co. and Tennessee Coal,
Iron and Railroad Co., whose rates
have been lower than the new scale,
will benefit, United States Steel re
ported. The agreement also applies
to the plant of the Geneva Steel
Co. at Ironton, Utah.
Effective in February.
The new scale will be effective the
first pay in February. Corporation
sources said it was equivalent to a
li/2 cents hourly increase to a large
percentage of workers. The union
estimated the hourly wage benefits
at from 1 per cent an hour to around
29 cents an hour and said some
workers may receive as much as
$1,800 in back pay.
The agreement was reached after
two years of work by a joint union
management committee following a
directive by the National War Labor
Board to negotiate wage scales elim
inating alleged intraplant wage rate
CIO and Chrysler
Agree to Extend
Contract 30 Days
By the Associated Press
DETROIT, Jan. 25.—Chrysler
Corp. today extended its con
tract with the CIO United Auto
Workers, due to expire tomor
row, for 30 days.
The extension was mutually
agreed to, a company an
nouncement said.
It followed the action of the
CIO in extending its contract
with the United States Steel
Corp. to April 30 announced
Friday.
Negotiations between Chrys
ler and the UAW-CIO began
January 16, and the company
statement said “arrangements
have also been made to con
tinue negotiations toward re
newing this contract.”
The extension, in effect, vir
tually eliminates the possibility
of an early strike of major pro
portions in the auto industry
since the union’s contracts with
General Motors Corp. and the
Ford Motor Co. have several
months to run.
inequities with adjustments to be
retroactive to January 4, 1944.
The corporation said that by
agreement with the union costs of
intra-plant adjustments would be
limited to 3% cents per employe
hour and that the retroactive pay
ments will approximate 70 per cent
of the total hourly adjustment, pay
able in lump sums as soon as prac
ticable.
30 Labor Classifications.
Under the agreement, the corpor
ation said, more than 25,000 widely
I varied steel mill jobs are grouped
* into 30 general labor classifications,
resulting in scales ranging up to
$1.98 an hour in all plants in which
common labor base is now 96'- cents
an hour,
The union estimated the agree
ments lumps into 30 classifications
"the hodge-podge of some 45,000 to
cC.000 separate job title.”
The Wage scale agreement fol
lowed hard on the heels of a com
pletely amicable agreement between
"big steel” and the union which
claims 853.000 members in the entire
industry, to extend contracts with
the corporation until May 1.
Contracts negotiated between
United States Steel and the union
traditionally have set the pattern
for the industry, and last year
after a month-long strike—the 18'2
cent, hourly wage boost granted CIO
workers in “Big Steel” plants created
a national pattern in all segments
of industry.
The contract extension, plus an
nouncements by Philip Murray,
president, and Benjamin F. Fair
,See STEEL!~Page A-4.)
Ottawa's Spy Case
Last summer and fall the
newspapers carried sensa
tional stories of how a net
work of spies operating from
the Soviet Embassy in Ottawa,
had been uncovered by the
confession, to Canadian au
thorities, of a disillusioned
Communist who was sick of
his part in what was going on.
But the complete story of this
intrigue, as found between the
covers of the thick “Report of
the Royal Commission” which
investigated it, has not been
adequately told in Washing
ton. Because that story con
tains an important lesson to
Americans, Rex Collier, of the
Editorial Staff of The Star,
has written a series of articles
on what was found. It will be
published, beginning tomor
row, on the editorial page. It
Is fascinating and important
_
New Capitol One of Proposals
To Relieve Present Congestion
Old Building Would Become National Shrine;
Bridges Also Hears of Scheme for East Wing
By J. A. O'Leary
A suggestion that Congress
build a new Capitol and preserve
the structure as a national
shrine is being discussed infor
mally by some lawmakers, it was
learned yesterday.
Senator Bridges, Republican, of
New Hampshire, new chairman Of
the Senate Appropriations Commit
tee, admitted he has heard this
mentioned as the most extreme of
several proposals for meeting a cur
rent demand for more office space:
on Capitol Hill.
Other solutions Senator Bridges
said have been put forward include:
1. Erection of another office
structure on land near the present
Senate Office Building.
2. Adding another story to the
present Senate Office Building, pro
vided it would not run the building
too high above the sky-line of the
Capitol Hill area.
3. Building another wing across
the interior courtyard of the present
Senate Office Building, which, it is
argued, might make courtyard offices
too dark.
4. Revival of an old plan for ex
tension of the East front of the cen
tral portion of the Capitol Build
ing. on a line with the House and
Senate wings, which would provide
many new rooms for members, and
for committee work.
It is understood that Senator
Brooks, Republican, of Illinois,
chairman of the Rules Committee,
and Senator Bridges conferred re
cently on the office-space problem,
which has been aggravated by the
reorganization of Congressional
Committees.
They plan to meet again soon with
Senator Revercomb, Republican,-oi
West Virginia, chairman of the Pub
lic Works Committee, and Sena
tor Vandenberg, Republican, of
Michigan, President of the Senate,
to canvas the situation. *
Senator Bridges emphasized he is
not committeed to any one plan,
but said he thought the suggestion
that Congress erect a modern, effi
cient Capitol in which to legislate,
without disturbing the old Capitol,
“has a great deal of merit.”
Extension Plan Opposed.
Heretofore, the plan which has
been on file for many years to extend
the east front of the old Capitol has
encountered sufficient opposition to
prevent it from being carried out.
Whether the suggestion to build a
(See CAPITOL, Page A-9.)
Place on Claims Court
For Schwellenbach
Reported Under Study
Hannegan Likely to Quit
As Party Chairman Soon,
But Stay in Cabinet
By Gould Lincoln
Changes involving two mem
bers of President Truman’s Cabi
net, Secretary of Labor Schwel
lenbach and Postmaster General
Hannegan are under considera
tion,
Mr. Schwellenbach, it is reported,
is being considered for appointment
to the vacancy existing In the
United States Court of Claims..
Postmaster General Hannegan,
who also holds the office of Demo
cr..tic National chairman, is expected
soon to give up the national chair
manship, though he will retain the
cabinet post.
Mr. Schwellenbach came from the
Federal bench to the office of Secre
tary of Labor. He would like, at
the opportune moment, to reutrn to
the bench. According to his friends,
he also likes to live here. Whether
the change will be made before the
labor legislation program, suggested
by President Truman and greatly
amplified by Republican leadership
in Congress, has been whipped into
shape is the question.
Steelman Mentioned.
Should Mr. Schwellenbach go to
the Court of Claims it has been sug
gested John R. Steelmar, director
of War Mobilization and Reconver
sion, will be made Secretary of
Labor.
II President Truman should have
Mr. Schwellenbach in mind lor a
Supreme Court appointment, there
would be no reason why he could
not be transferred from the Court
of Claims if a vacancy should come
in the highest court.
Mr. Hannegan, who flew into
Washington and flew out again the
first of last week after a conference
with the President, has not been in
good health. It had been planned for
him to get out of the national chair
manship at a meeting of the na
tional committee here January 24.
The meeting plan was canceled,
however, to give more time for the
selection of the man who is to be
come chairman in Mr. Hannegan's
place.
At one time it had been reported
that the chairmanship would go to
Democratic State Chairman Paul A.
Fitzpatrick of New York. The drub
bing which Gov. Thomas E. Dewey
gave to the Democrats ig New York
last November seemed to have les
sened the availability of Mr. Fitz
patrick. However, Mr. Fitzpatrick
is highly regarded.
He was at the White House yes
terday, but whether the national
chairmanship was discussed is not
known. It is understood he was
here to talk of the effort being made
by Mayor O'Dwyer to throw the old
crowd out of Tammany Hall and
get new blood into the organization
which has been on the downward
path for some time.
No Jobs oiven Lame Docks.
Although the Congressional elec
tions are nearly three months in
the past, and many Democratic
Senators and Representatives lost
their jobs as a result of those elec
tions, President Truman has still to
appoint a "lame duck" to public
office. It is true that not a great
many offices have become vacant in
that period. But some have.
Not all of the “lame ducks” wish
public office—though it may be
doubted many would decline if an
offer were made. Among the form
er Democratic Senators are Mead
of New York—beaten decisively by
Gov. Dewey in the gubernatorial
election—who would like to have
an appointment, Guffey of Penn
sylvania, Huffman of Ohio, Mit
chell of Washington, Murdock of
Utah, Radcliffe of Maryland, Tun
nell of Delaware, Walsh of Massa
chusetts. and Wheeler of Montana.
Report has it that President Tru
man is by no means partial to the
idea that "lame duck” Congress
members should have priority on
appointment to important Federal
jobs. He is particularly anxious to
get the best qualified men for the
posts in which vacancies occur.
Furthermore, if he once opens the
gate by appointment of a “lame
duck”, the pressure for others will
become enormous. To appoint one
and decline others would be dif
ficult. ___
Radio Programs, Pg. C-8
Complete Index, Pg. A-2
Nazi Plot to Return
To Power Is Reported
Growing in Germany
First Aims Said to Include
Control of Allied-Backed
Democratic Institutions
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 25 —The Inter
national Committee for the
Study of European Questions
charged today that a Nazi net
work in Germany whose strength
“is increasing more and more
each month,” was laying the
groundwork to recapture power
through control of allied-fos
tered democratic institutions.
The committee, which Includes
many outstanding British. French,
Belgian, Danish and Dutch lead
ers, said the exhaustive reports of
trends in Germany was given to
the prime ministers and foreign
ministers of the various Allied na
tions yesterday.
“Tne Nazi party has recovered
from the first shock of Germany’s
defeat and is quietly reorganizing
for a return to power through cap
turing Control of the democratic
institutions set up by the Allies,”
the report declared.
Directed by Former Leaders.
The report said the network was
“directed by former important Nazi
leaders, by members of foreign ‘col
laborationist’ movements who took
refuge in Germany after her defeat,
by officers and non-commissioned
officer of the Wehrmacht.”
It said that among the leaders
“are a fairly important number”
of those liberated July 3, 1946, in
the general amnesty granted by
United States Gen. Lucius D. Clay.
Dr. Robert Borel is general sec
retary of the international commit
tee, which includes:
Lord Brabazon of Tara, former
minister of aircraft production;
Lord Vansittart, former permanent
undersecretary of state; Prof. D. W.
Brogan, of Cambridge University,
and Labor and Conservative mem
bers of Parliament, for England;
former Premier Edouard Herriot and
former Washington Ambassador
Paul Claudel for France; Senate
President Robert Gillon, of Belgium;
former Foreign Minister Christmas
Moeller, of Denmark, and former
Foreign Minister Deelaerts Van
Blokland, of Holland.
Passive Resistance Is Aim.
The report said the Nazi organiza
tions presently aim at “passive re
sistance only,” endeavoring to:
1. “Thwart de-Nazification and
(See NAZI PLOT, Page A-5.)
Crashed Plane Reported
Sighted in Colombia
By tho Associated Press
BOGOTA, Colombia, Jan. 25.—
Avianca Airlines said today that one
of their transports reported missing
since Wednesday had been located
from the air in a jungle near Puerto
Araujo, on the Carare River, 125
miles north of Bogota. The plane
apparently had crashed and the fate
of the 17 persons aboard was not
immediately known.
The aircraft was en route from
Bogota to Barrancabermeja, 170
miles to the north on the Magdelena
River. It was piloted by Clifford
Pitman of Los Nietos, Calif.
U. S. Welcomes
Argentine Edict
On Axis Firms
Unusual Statement
Apparently Indicates
Improved Relations
By John M. Hightower
Associated Press Staff Writer
In an unusual statement ap
parently foreshadowing im
proved relations with Argentina,
the United States yesterday offi
cially welcomed an Argentine
decree for taking over Axis
firms.
At the same time, this Govern
ment made plain that it still is look
ing to President Juan D. Peron to
rid Argentina of all Axis agents
there.
The statement was issued a short
time alter Ambassador George S.
Messersmith, a storm center of
American diplomacy for several
months, conferred with Secretary of
State Marshall and told newsmen
he will return to his post at Buenos
Aires as soon as travel arrangements
can be made.
Messersmith Sees Braden.
Mr. Messersmith also saw Assist
ant Secretary of State Spruille Bra
den, whose tough handling of Ar
gentine affairs he has criticized. In
dications are that in returning to
Argentina, Mr. Messersmith's main
task is to negotiate further with the
Peron administration for deporta
tion of the enemy agents still in the
country.
The State Department’s statement
was unusual because of its generally
friendly tone toward Argentina.
! Diplomatic authorities suggested
that this meant no change in Mr.
Braden’s insistence that the Argen
tine government should live up to
its international obligations to wipe
out Axis firms and influences but
reflected American pleasure at a
'major step in that direction.
“This Government,” said the
statement, “has learned of the
promulgation of a decree by the
government of Argentina eliminat
ing enemy ownership and control
of a large number of enemy spear
head firms. This is an important
step and comes as a welcome addi
tion to the measures already taken
in respect to Nazi educational and
other institutions.
“Consultations are continuing
with the government of Argentina
in respect to enemy agents.”
Mr. Messersmith gave no hint as
to whether he considers his policy
battle with Mr. Braden a win, loss,
or draw.
May Smooth Differences.
The Ambassador’s return to Ar
gentina, at least temporarily, while
Mr. Braden remains his boss in the
State Department, also at least tem
porarily, indicated that the differ
ences between them may be
smoothed out by actions of the
Peron government itself.
Mr. Braden long ago laid down
the policy that the United States
would not officially develop the
friendliest possible relations with
Argentina until President Peron had
cleaned out Nazi influences.
Mr. Messersmith, who was- chosen
for his job by Mr. Braden, decided
months ago that Mr. Peroiv w'as do
ing his best. The Ambassador’s split
with Mr. Braden arose over his feel
ing that Mr. Braden was being need
lessly unbending.
Actually, this meant that the
United States would not sit in on
the Inter-American Conference pro
posed for Rio De Janeiro until its
relations with Argentina were put
in order. It also meant that the
State Department turned a deaf
ear to Argentine appeals for Ameri
can arms.
Taking Over 40 Concerns.
Secretary Marshall is reported to
have given considerable attention to
the Argentine problem since taking
office last Tuesday. He discussed it
with President Truman Thursday.
Mr. Messersmlth’s conference with
the Secretary yesterday came shortly
after the Argentine government an
nounced it is taking over approxi
mately 60 concerns which formerly
belonged to nationals of Axis coun
tries. Such a move was one of the
three main actions on which the
United States has insisted. The
oth^r two are deportation of German
agents and the closing down of Ger
man institutions and schools.
Diplomatic officials have indicated
there was general agreement that
Argentina has complied sufficiently
on the question of schools and insti
tutions.
With regard to the remaining is
sue of German agents, the Argen
tine government recently made
available for deportation some 14
out of the list of 52 who were sched
uled to be rounded up. Officials said
eight others have been taken in
custody and the remainer are scat
tered throughout Argentina follow
ing premature disclosure that police
were arresting members of the group.
Capone, Prohibition Mobster,
Attains His Wish to Die in Bed
By th» Auocioted PretJ
MIAMI BEACH, Fla., Jan. 25.—
Scarface A1 Capone, 48, gangland
leader who feared a mobsters’ death,
died tonight amid the luxury of his
private villa with his family gathered
around.
“I don’t want to die, shot in the
street,” he once said.
When death came at 7:25 pjn, of
pneumonia and heart failure, com
plications of an apoplectic stroke,
he was in his own bed with expert
medical care at hand—and behind
high protective walls that have long
guarded him from possible revenge.
Death came very suddenly of heart
failure, said his physician, Dr. Ken
neth S. Phillips, who has treated
the prohibition era gang leader since
he emerged from prison November
16, 1939.
Capone's widow, Mae, collapsed
at his death and is herself in se
rious condition.
The necessity of medical atten
tion for Mrs. Capone caused an*
nouncement or the death or the
Chicago mobster to be delayed for
an hour.
The gangster was stricken with
apoplexy on Tuesday at 4 am. The
last rites of the Catholic Church
were administered two hours after
his stroke.
Dozens of persons, none of them
identified, were admitted to the
Capone estate on sub-tropical Palm
Island, an artificial spot of land
dredged up from Biscayne Bay.
More callers than the villa has
ever had before were admitted. A
block-long line of sleek, black limou
sines were parked outside while
their occupants went in.
A hearse pulled through the gates
and soon afterward bore the body
of Capone to a funeral home on
Miami Beach.
This was the last of a long series
(Continued on Page A-6, Column I.)
House Members See
How Navy Radar
'Talks' Down Planes
I Watch from Ground and
Air at Demonstration of
Bad Weather Landings
By W. H. Shippen, Jr.
Aviation Editor of The Star
PATUXENT, Md., Naval An
Test Center, Jan. 25.—House
members investigating civilian
air transport accidents appeared
favorably impressed today with
the Navy’s standard radar sys
tem for ‘talking down” aircraft
in bad weather.
While the Navy’s experts had
hoped to run the demonstrations
through fog, rain and low ceilings,
the Representatives who flew in the
“blind” transports managed to cor
ceal any disappointment, they may
have felt when the day turned out
calm and sunny with visibility un
limited. ,
After the flights, Chairman Wol
verton said he and 17 members of
the Commerce Committee had
learned much of practical value to
guide them in their efforts to im
prove the safety of commercial air
operations and help restore public
confidence in air transportation.
Peek Over Pilots’ Shoulders.
Not content with watching from
the ground, and listening to ground
controlled approach operators guide
planes into precise landing positions
or “touch-downs” on the runway,
the Representatives climbed into the
transports and peered over the
pilots’ shoulders while they circled
and flew in “blind” with only their
instruments and the voice in their.
radio ear-phones to guide them.
Several committeemen expressed
surprise that neither this facility
nor the Army's GCA system at
nearby Andrews Field was used for
emergency landings by air trans
port pilots who were caught in a
holding, stack over National Airport
one night several weeks ago and
either flew to other fields with fuel
running low or landed under adverse
conditions with little gasoline to
spare.
vi i -1.1. n.,A AVt r, A AVin \Toiftr
It was brought out tnat tne wavy
had offered the facility on request to
pilots in emergencies. On the night
in question, the planes could have
flown here in 15 or 20 minutes for
GCA guidance to bring them under
the low ceiling into position for an
easy visual landing. One airliner
passed up this area and landed in
the darkness on the edge of the
breakers on Jones Beach, New York.
Funds to Be Sought.
While it was a Navy shotf here
today, and a conclusive one—as far
as many representatives were con
cerned, one result probably will be to
speed up the Civil Aeronautics Ad
ministration- of the Army Air Force
offer to lend 20 additional GCA
sets to the Federal airways. CAA
Administrator T. P. Wright assured
the committee this week he will
seek a supplemental appropriation
to install the sets at 10 airports and
10 alternates.
While Mr. Wright feels that GCA
has yet to prove its adaptability to
safe commercial operations through
service tests, and should be used as
a “monitor” or auxiliary stand-by
for instrument landing systems now
being widely installed, the Repre
senatives were told that the Navy
considers the system thoroughly
(See AIR SAFETY, Page A-5.)
Finn Ronne Expedition
Leaves for Antarctic
/
By the Associated Pres*
BEAUMONT, Tex., Jan. 25.—The
Finn Ronne Antarctic Expedition
sailed from Beaumont today for an
18-month scientific and research
voyage to the south polar regions.
The 183-foot vessel with its 23
man crew left at 3 p.m. four hours
after the scheduled departure time.
Several thousand persons watched
the departure and hindered the crew
in loading the last two airplanes and
other equipment.
The expedition will base on Mar
guerite Bay, Palmer Land Peninsula,
on the Antarctic continent 7,000
miles from here. It expects to be
gone for approximately 18 months,
returning to Beaumont in the sum
mer of 1948.
Research experiments in minerals,
011 resources, cosmic radiation and
performance tests on electric equip
ment will be conducted. Data on
weather, climate and terrestrial
magnetism will be sought
Polar Plane Finds
15,000-Foot Peaks
In Unexplored Area
By Thomas R. Henry
Star Staff Correipondent
WITH ANTARCTIC EXPE
DITION, Jan. 25.—One of the
highest mountain ranges in the
world was discovered today
about 150 miles south of the
Franklin Roosevelt Sea in an
unexplored and unnamed land.
Peaks in the range rise to
heights of more than 15,000
feet. The discovery, one of the
most important yet made by
the expedition, was reported by
the crew of an exploration
plane under command of Capt.
George Dufek of Rockford, 111.
(Another Henry dispatch on
Page A-2.)
Negligence Ruled Out
By Coroner's Jury
In Death of Scott
Natural Causes Verdict
Accepted by His Lawyer;
Official Action Ends
A coroner’s jury decided late
yesterday that Charles W. Scott,
24, colored, died of natural causes
last November 2 in District jail.
After a prolonged inquest in the
Morgue, the jury deliberated about
50 minutes before reaching its
verdict.
It appended this statement:
“Further, we believe there was no
negligence on the part of any party
or parties concerned.’’
By its decision, the jury completed
official action in the case.
Scott, driving an automobile listed
by police as stolen, was injured
when the car crashed into a truck
at New York and Florida avenues
N.E., November 1. Harry E. Hamil
ton, one of the two police detectives
who had been clinging to the sides
of the car, was hurt fatally.
More Than 50 Testify.
Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald
held Scott had died of natural
causes—shock reaction to tetanus
and gas bacillus antitoxins adminis
tered in the Jail infirmary. How
ever, Curtis P. Mitchell, who was
Scott's attorney, and several or
ganizations repeatedly demanded an
inquest. It was argued all circum
stances surrounding the death
should have been made known pub
licly.
Dr. MacDonald finally decided to
hold an inquest, thereby sotting
aside his first finding. It began
Thursday and was continued yes
terday. More than 50 witnesses were
heard.
Following announcement of the
verdict, Mr. Mitchell said he now
considered the matter closed.
In his charge to the jury, Dr. Mac
Donald pointed out it could return a
verdict 6f natural causes or of negli
gence.
Mr. Mitchell, who was present at
the inquest as representative of
rSeeSCOTT, Page A-9.)
McKellar, Nearing 78,
Will Not Run Again
By the Aisockited Press
Senator McKellar, Democrat, of
Tennessee, who began his senatorial
service March 4, 191^ Said yesterday
he “never expects to run again.”
Now ranking member of the Sen
ate in point of seniority, Mr. McKel
lar will be 78 Wednesday. He has
been elected to six successive terms
in the Senate._
Two Youths Killed
As Car Pursued by
Police Crashes Bus
Three Others Are Hurt
In Head-On Collision
On Fort Myer Drive
ELDERLY MAN KILLED crossing
Connecticut avenue to return
oook. Page A-2
Two youths were killed and
three others injured yesterday
when their automobile, pursued
by an Arlington County police
car, crashed head . on into a
crowded bus on Fort Myer drive,
Arlington.
The dead were identified as
Charles Voshall, 19, of Pittsburgh,
Pa„ and Earl Henry Rombouski, 21,
of Washington. The injured, all in
Arlington Hospital, were listed by
police as George Mottem, 26, of
1701 South Nelson street, Arlington;
George MacMannis, 20, of Pitts
burgh, and Robert Br.nk, 23, of
Tulsa, Okla.
Bus Passenger Slightly Hurt.
The hospital said the condition of
the three injured was good. They
received bruises and lacerations.
A bus passenger, Reba V. Perkins,
37, of 1512 South Oakland street,
Arlington, was slightly injured and
was released from the hospital after
receiving first-aid treatment.
Driver of the bus was Marvin M.
Thompson, 24, of 2727 South George
Mason drive, Arlington.
Passed Stop Sign.
Police said the five-passenger
coupe, containing the youths, was
first spotted at Eighteenth and
South Monroe streets. Police be
lieved it had passed a stop sign at
that intersection and said they
followed it over Eighteenth street,
Glebe road, and Highland street,
where it cut through a gasoline sta
tion and entered Columbia pike
without stopping.
With speeds exceeding more than
70 miles an hour at times, the
chase continued to Fillmore street,
over to the Lee boulevard and up
Fort Myer drive they said. There
the automobile struck the bus, near
the north entrance to Fort Myer.
7 Bandits Take $25,000
At Coney Island Bath
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, Jan. 25—Seven
masked men held up one of Coney
Island’s largest Turkish baths today
and fled with an estimated $25,000
to $50,000 in cash and jewelry be
longing to 150 patrons.
The loot was contained in indi
vidual strong boxes which had been
locked in the bathhouse vault.
With drawn guns, the robbers
entered Silver's Baths on the Coney
Island boardwalk, tied up two at
tendants and carried the steel de
posit boxes to two waiting cars in
which they made their getaway.
Fire in Bed Proves Fatal
To Northeast Resident
Charles W. Crickenberger, 40. of
219 Fourteenth street N.E., died at
Casualty Hospital shortly after
1 a.m. today after being burned
about the head and chest and over
come with smoke when his bed
caught fire.
Police said he apparently fell
asleep while smoking in the bed,
which was on the second floor of the
two-story brick house.
16 Pushups and Rope Climbing
New West Point Requirements
By th« Associated Press
The Army is toughening up its
physical requirements for entrance
to West Point.
In a letter yesterday to members
of Congress, the War Department
said that henceforth "each candi
date, regardless of the type of ap
pointment, must qualify in physical
aptitude in addition to meeting the
existing mental and physical re
quirements.”
The new regulations are effective
July 1, the next regular academy
admission date. Fitness will be de
termined by a one-hour examina
tion after other tests.
Candidates must be able to jump
vertically 17 inches, broad jump 6
feet 9 inches from a standing posi
tion and 20 feet 6 inches with a run,
i do 16 pushups, run SO yards in 6.7
seconds, 100 yards in 18.9 seconds and
300 yards in 46.7 seconds, and carry
a man pick-a-back 100 yards in 27
seconds.
Among other requirements:
Jump over a horizontal bar 4 feet,
6 inches high, do 20 situps in 30
seconds, throw a softball 140 feet, a
basketball 65 feet, and a medicine
ball 33 feet, and climb a rope 10 feet
6 inches long in seven seconds.
“All candidates are hereby advised
to condition themselves physically
for this examination by participating
in a wide range of'physical activi
ties,” the Army said.
All candidates, the letter added,
must pass the examination, which
is "designed to measure neuromuscu
lar coordination, muscular power,
muscular endurance, cardiovascular
endurance, and flexibility.”
Austin Pledges
U. S. to Baruch
Atomic Policy
U. N. Assembly Plan
For Arms Cut Also
Will Be Retained
By the Associated Pres*
NEW YORK, Jan. 25.—Warren
R. Austin, chief American dele
gate to the United Nations, to
night reaffirmed the United
States full support of the Baruch
plan for international atomic
control and of the U. N. General
Assembly’s recommendation for
world-wide arms reductions.
The statement in a prepared
speech to the annual dinner of the
New York State Bar Association was
looked on as assurance that changes
in the State Department and the
United States delegation to the U. N.
would reflect no change in United
States atomic policies.
Mr. Austin left no doubt that he
would follow the basic principles laid
down by Bernard M. Baruch in the
Atomic Energy Commission before
Mr. Baruch resigned and turned over
the American representation on that
body to Mr. Austin.
Firm Support of Principles.
‘•The United States stands firmly
in support of the principles em
bodied in the General Assembly’s
resolution and the (Baruch) recom
mendations of the Atomic Energy
Commission to the Security Council,’’
Mr. Austin said.
The speech was described by an
American spokesman as a "clarifica
tion” to show that atomic controls
co’ id be set up free of the Big Five
Power veto in the Security Council
and still comply with the charter
provisions.
The former senator from Ver
mont, now chief United States dele
gate on both the Security Council
and Atomic Energy Commission,
said the charter provides safeguards
“against any act of nullification by
a (Big Five) permanent member
which could result in temporarily
paralyzing the Security Council.”
This lies in the “general obliga
tion of Article 1 to take collective
action against a threat to the peace,
or breach of the peace,” he added.
“In so great a matter as the con
trol of atomic energy to ensure its
use for peaceful purposes only, and
control of other weapons of mass
destruction,” Mr. Austin said, “the
great nations should be ready and
willing to apply the obligations and
use of the powers of the charter.
“That means agreement on a sys
tem under which international
(atomic) controls are so effective
that violations can be surely de
tected and corrected before they
endanger peace.”
Mr. Austin said the Atomic Energy
Commission’s report, which has been
adopted by the Security Council,
and the Assembly resolution for
arms reduction represented "en
couraging progress.”
He added, however, that "an im
mense amount of further negotia
tion, exploration and study of the
problems, and all of the drafting of
air-tight treaty provisions, remain
to be accomplished in the Security
Council and Atomic Energy Com
missions.”
Organizer Charges CIO
Fired Him for Organizing
By the Associated Press
WINSTON-SALEM, N. C., Jan.
25—The CIO was charged with be
ing unfair to organized labor in a
complaint filed here today at the
sub-regional NLRB office by Arthur
Calvin Leonard of Salisbury, N. C.,
who identified himself as a former
CIO organizer.
Mr. Leonard said he was fired
from his CIO organizing job because
he attempted to establish an
“Organizers Independent Union,”
not affiliated with the CIO.
Mr. Leonard said he was assigned
by the CIO to organize textile em
ployes at Kannapolis, N. C., for the
Textile Workers Union of America.
At the same time, he said, he
was seeking to enlist jother or
ganizers as members of the inde
pendent group.
Reed Johnston, examiner In
charge of the NLRB office here, said
a decision in the case would rest
on whether the CIO is engaged in
interstate commerce within the
meaning of the Wagner Act.
Five in Private Plane
Die in Crash in Indiana
By the Associated Press
RENSSELAER. Ind.. Jan. 25.—A
twin-motored private plane en rout*
from Indianapolis to Chicago
crashed and killed five persons to
night near a road intersection 5
miles southeast of here.
State police reported papers
found in the plane indicated the
pilot was I. J. Enger of Minneapolis,
and that one of the passengers may
have been Ralph Allen Wheeler of
Austin, Minn.
The plane left Indianapolis late
this afternoon, the airport there re
ported. It crashed about 8:30 p.m.
Sheriff William Webb of Jasper
County and state police took charge
of the wreckage and began inquiries
into the accident.
$5,000,000 Recovered
In Plane Crash
By the Associated Press
HONG KONG, Jan. 26.—Police
officials reported today that “all of
the gold’’ aboard the Philippines
Airlines plane which crashed into
a Hong Kong mountain yesterday
with four persons aboard had been
recovered. Authorities said that
“ail of the crew were killed.”
(The plane was reported by au
thorities in Manila to have been
carrying $5,000,000 in gold coins and
bars, which was destined for Hong
Kong banks.)
The company listed those aboard
as Capt. O. T. Weymouth, an Ameri
can pilot, and a crew of three Fili
pinos, M. A. Lim, co-pilot: B. Merza,
radio operator, and Miss Lourde*
Chuidian, flight attendant.

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