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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 27, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny and mild with high around 58 degrees
this afternoon. Fair with low about 45 to
night. Tomorrow, partly cloudy and mild.
Temperatures today—High, 57, at 1:30 p.m.}
low, 37, at 9:05 a.m. Yesterday—High, 51,
at 5 p.m.; low, 40, at 4:30 a.m.
Full Report on Page A-2.
Late New York Markets, Page A-17.
Guide for Readers
Page.
Amusements -B-7
Comics ..B-14-15
Editorials -A-8
Edit’ial Articles..A-9
Finance .A-17
v Lost and Found.-A-3
Page.
Obituary .A-10
Radio _ B-15
Society, Clubs-B-3
Sports —_A-14-15
Where to Go.t-A-12
Woman's Pag«--.B-9
An Associated Press Newspaper_
95th YEAR. No. 57,522 Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 27, 1947-THIRTY-FOUR PAGES. ***_
City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday K f'TiVN'TS
90c a Month. When & Sundays, $1.00 ** V-EjXI j. id
Two Kidnapings
Bring Detention
Of 90,000 Jews
British Judge Second
Victim in Palestine
In 18-Hour Period
By the Associated Press
JERUSALEM, Jan. 27.—Two
kidnapings of Britons resulted
In the placing of 90,000 Palestine
Jews under house arrest today,
and British military forces post
poned the hanging of an alleged
Jewish underground terrorist!
which had been scheduled for
tomorrow.
Police officials said the kidnap
ings of a British banker and a
British Judge apparently were ef
forts by the Irgun Zvai Leumi. un
derground organization, to head off
the execution of an alleged Irgun
member convicted of participating
In an attack on a police station.
Lt. Gen. Sir Evelyn Barker or
dered an indeterminate delay in
the hanging of the man, Dov Bela
Groner, 33. The delay was granted
when a Palestine attorney, acting
on behalf of Groner’s sister in Lan
caster, Pa.. Mrs. Helen Friedman,
took steps to appeal the case to the
Privy Council, Britain’s supreme
court.
Curfew Imposed Suddenly.
The military clamped a Ff let
house-to-house curfew ♦ on 90,000
persons in Jewish sections of Jeru
salem and Tel Aviv a few hours
after 10 persons—described by po
lice as armed Jews—abducted Judge
Ralph Windham from the Tel Aviv
District Court.
The curfew was imposed suddenly |
and was announced in both cities by
loudspeakers atop armored cars.
Lt. Gen. Sir Alan Cunningham,
Palestine high commissioner, called
two members of the Jewish Agency,
Eliezer Kaplan and Mrs. Golda My
erson, to the government house for j
a conference on the kidnapings.
Police said they had no clues as to!
the whereabouts of Judge Windham, [
heir to a British baronetcy, or of
H. A I. Collins, former British Army
major, kidnaped from his home in
Jerusalem last night.
Kidnap Auto Found.
The automobile in which Judge
Windham was kidnaped was found
abandoned in Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv
suburb. This was the scene of the
attack on a police station for which
Groner had been sentenced to die
tomorrow.
Private sources said all of Tel
Aviv was surrounded by airborne
troops and that all automobiles and
buses were being searched as they
left the city.
When the alarm sounded shortly
after Judge Windham’s abduction,
Tel Aviv’s Mediterranean beach was
crowded with thousands of prom
enaders on the warmest day of re
cent weeks. Within five minutes the
beach and promenade had been
cleared and downtown streets
emptied.
Judfce Windham was reported to
have been still in his black judicial
robe and white wig when the gang,;
wielding both revolvers and tommy
guns, escorted him out a rear en
trance of the court to a motor car.
The abductors were believed to be
eight men and two women.
Unofficial sources said the ab
ductors of Judge Windham were well
dressed and apparently arrived at
(See JERUSALEMTPage A-4.) * j
Turnage Case 'tudied
By Revocation Unit
United States Commissioner
Needham C. Turnage's driving rec
ord will be turned over to the Board
of Revocation and Restoration of
Operators’ Permits for any action it
thinks suitable, District Traffic Di
rector George E. Keneipp said to
day.
Mr. Turnage was acquitted in Mu
nicipal Court last week of a charge
of driving while under the influ
ence of liquor. The case came to
police attention when Mr. Turnage
collided with another car at Thir
teenth street and Arkansas avenue.
N.W. last October 28.
During the Turnage trial, the
Commissioner admitted his right
eye was not in complete focus with
his left but he said wearing glasses
corrected the defect. He also ad
mitted he was “a little deaf.”
Mr. Keneipp said today Mrs. Mary
A. Silver, chairman and secretary
of the permit board, had informed
him the board plans to make a com
plete study of the Turnage case.
Earlier, Assistant Corporation
Counsel Robert D. Wise had an
nounced he intended to ask Mr.
Keneipp to revoke Mr. Turnage’s
driver's permit “for the protection
of the public in general and Mr.
Turnage in particular.”
Mr. Keneipp said he had no au
thority to revoke the permit without
a court conviction but the board
could revoke the license for any
reason it considers sufficient.
Mother's Last Act
SavesBabyinFire;
Two Others Die
By th« Associated Press
BOSTON, Jan. 27.—A mother died
with two of her children today, but
one of her last acts saved the life
of a third child, three weeks old, as
fire destroyed their apartment in a
six-family house.
Dead were Mrs. Rose Myers, 32;
her daughter. Lee. 5, and her son,
Eugene, 2.
The infant. Pearl, and the father,
Bertram Myers, 30, were rescued by
firemen. City Hospital reported
them as “fairly comfortable.”
Firemen Frank Chapman and Wil
liam Sparrow went up a ladder to
the Myers’ home and found the
mother and two children dead. The
baby was crying loudly in a crib
over which the mother had thrown
a heavy garment.
Messersmith Expects Argentina
To Expel Axis 'Satisfactorily'
End of Controversy
With Braden Seen
In Statement
By Garnetf D. Horner
George S. Messersmith, United
States Ambassador to Argentina,
said today he expected the Ar
gentine government soon to
“clean up satisfactorily” the
question of ridding the country
of Axis agents.
This is the only matter in which
Argentina has not yet fully com
plied with conditions laid down by
the United States for full “good
neighbor” relations.
Mr. Messersmith in prediction,
coupled with other developments
over the week end. indicated to dip
lomatic observers a probable end to
his differences with Assistant Sec
retary oi State Spruille Braden over
policy toward Argentina.
It also was considered significant
that Mr. Messersmith made his pre
diction public immediately after a
conference with President Truman
"(See MESSERSMiTHTPage A-4.)
G. 0. P. Leaders Urge
Envoy and Braden
Be Kicked Upstair:
By Robert S. Allen
A “compromise solution’’ of the
feud over Argentine policy be
tween Assistant Secretary of
State Spruille Braden and Am
bassador George Messersmith
will be proposed by Republican
congressional leaders to Secre
tary of State Marshall.
It was reliably learned today that
the Republicans will recommend
that both Mr. Braden and Mr. Mes
sersmith “be kicked upstairs'.’ and
that two new men be installed in
their present positions.
The GOP plan followed a series
of significant developments in the
supercharged Argentine situation
the last few' days. The first was a
Buenos Aires announcement that
the government there was taking
over 60 Nazi-owned concerns. Next,
the State Denartment announced
that Mr. Messersmith had conferred
(See BRADEN, Page A-4.)
------—-- I
6.0. P. Aims at Slash
Of at Least 10 Pd. in
President's Budget
Joint Committee Starts
Work Tomorrow, With
Excise Extension Seen
By the Associated Press
Republicans aimed today at a
minimum 10 per cent slice in
President Truman’s $37,500,000,
000 budget.
Chairman Bridges of the Senate
Appropriations Committee said a
study of the financial situation has
convinced him and other party
leaders that the Senate-House Com
mittee charged with making ex
penses meet income will have to fix
an arbitrary limit for expenditures.
This should be at least 10 per cent
below the President’s figure, the New
Hampshire Senator said.
The Joint Committee gets down
to work tomorrow as part of a week’s
schedule that includes expected
House passage Wednesday of a
measure extending the wartime ex
cise taxes. These otherwise would
be wiped out July 1 under President
Truman’s proclamation ending hos
tilities.
The President himself asked lor
the excise tax legislation and thus
appears likely to have one of his
major requests granted swiftly by
the Republican Congress.
The budget question continued to
provide the possibility of a major
controversy between congressional
Democrats and Republicans, with
some administration supporters
ready to resist any sizable cuts in
the President's recommendations.
Senator Bridges said he thinks
some allowances must be made for
the possibility that the Treasury will
have to make extensive refunds on!
portal-to-portal pay judgments |
that might be obtained against em-.
ployers.
The Treasury already has an
nounced that tax refunds will be in1
order if employers are required to
pay for time previously spent by
workers in getting ready to carry
out their daily tasks.
Senator Bridges said this might
increase the approximately $2,000,
000.000 allowed by the President in
his budget for refunds of all kinds,
but Senator George, Democrat, of
Georgia, said he doubts that any
appreciable amount will have to be
paid.
"These portal-to-portal suits are
a tremendous worry to industry,”
said Senator George, who is a mem
ber of the Senate-House Budget
Committee and former chairman of
the Senate Finance Committee.
"But I don’t believe they are going
to result in any large recoveries for
the people who have been suing.”
Senator George previously esti
mated that the President’s budget
could be cut to $35,000,000,000,
thereby differing with Minority
Leader Barkley's description of Mr.
Truman's estimate as "rock bot
tom.”
Butter Riggers Fined
Total of $25,CJ '
By tht Associated Press
NEW YORK. Jan. 27.—Federal
Judge Alfred C. Coxe imposed a
fine of $25,000 against the Dairy
men's League Co-operative Asso
ciation and fines of $1,000 each
against four officers of the associa
tion today after they entered guilty
pleas to a criminal information
charging manipulation of the New
York butter market to fix the Jan
uary milk price. •
The individuals named were Hen
ry Rathbun, president of the asso
ciation. and three members of the
Executive Committee of its Board
of Directors, Le6n H. Chapin. Hed
ley Benson and Herbert Seeley.
Failure of Brifish Talks
With Egypt Announced
By the Associated Press
LONDON, Jan. 27.—Foreign Sec
retary Bevin told Commons today
that negotiations for revision of
the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian treaty had
broken down on the Egyptian de
mand lor permanent union with
the Sudan.
In a simultaneous announcement
to the Chamber of Deputies in
Cairo, Prime Minister Nokrashi
Pasha said that Egypt's demands
for evacuation of British troops and
unity of the Nile Valley would be
submitted to the United Nations.
Mr. Bevin, expressing the hope of
future negotiations in which
“broader and less stubborn coun
sels would prevail,” declared that
in the meantime the treaty will be
adhered to. The pact extends to
1956.
Marshall May Urge
4-Power, 40-Year
Reich Disarmament
Move at Moscow Parley
Will Permit Sizing Up
Russia's Intentions
An American offer to join in
a four-power treaty to keep Ger
many disarmed for at least 40
years is expected to be pressed
by Secretary of State Marshall
at the meeting of Big Four For
eign Ministers opening in Mos
cow March 10.
Renewed discussion of the pro
posal, put forward by former Secre
tary of State Byrnes more than a
year ago, will give Gen. Marshall
opportunity to size up Russia’s real
^long-range intentions toward pos
| sible revival of German military
power. .
j Mr. Byrnes said last summer that
i Soviet “hostility” to the plan raised
“doubts and suspicions,” posing the
I question whether German militarism
is going “to be used as a pawn in a
struggle between the east and the
west.”
Byrnes Got Accord on Hearing.
Soviet Foreign Minister Molfctov's
objections to the treaty proposal
prevented any serious consideration
of it in Big Four meetings last year,
but Mr. Byrnes finally got agree
ment at the New York meeting in
December for it to be listed on the
agenda for the Moscow conference,
called primarily to consider German
and Austrian peace settlements.
Gen. Marshall, today entering his
first full week as Secretary of State,
has not yet gone into details of
the proposal but his advisers feel
certain he will press it as enthusi
astically as Mr. Byrnes did.
The former Secretary regarded
the offer, marking a clear change
in this country’s historical stand
against foreign alliances, as the
best way to prove the United States
now is ready to undertake perma
nent responsibilities in maintaining
European peace.
Stalin Had Promised Support.
Under the proposed treaty, the
United States would join with Rus
sia, Britain and France to guaran
tee continued disarmament and de
militarization of Germany. Mr.
Byrnes first proposed that the treaty
run for 25 years, then extended it
to 40 years.
Mr. Byrnes reported that Soviet
Prime Minister Stalin told him on
Christmas eve, 1945, that he would
j “wholeheartedly support” the treaty
| idea. The former Secretary could
! not understand subsequent Soviet
! opposition.
At the same time Mr. Molotov
was objecting to the proposal for
I joint guarantee of continued Ger
man disarmament, the Western
powers were receiving reports that
.German war plants were being re
vived in the Soviet occupation zone,
I raising the "doubts and suspicions”
about Russian intentions voiced
publicly by Mr. Byrnes.
Stalin-Bevin Issue Raises Interests.
Interest in the subject has been
intensified here in the last few days
by the Stalin-Bevin exchange over
(See MARSHALL, Page A-4)
Star of India on Display
NEW YORK. Jan. 27 (#).—'The
563.35-carat Star of India, the
world’s largest star sapphire; a
star ruby weighing more than 100
carats, an 87.64-carat carved emer
ald and other treasures were re
moved from their wartime vaults
yesterday and placed on display at
the American Museum of Natural
j History.
Denmark Limits
i
Plane Weight as
Result of Crash
22 Victims Include
Grace Moore and
Swedish Prince
By the Associated Press
COPENHAGEN, Jan. 27.—Dan
ish authorities clamped a weight
limit today oij DC-3 transport
planes of 1,629 pounds less than
the overall load of the airliner
which crashed and burned yes
terday, killing Grace Moore of
the opera, Swedish Prince Gus
tav Adolf and 20 others.
M. P. Eskildsen, Danish air con
trol supervisor, said DC-3 planes
leaving Danish fiields must not in
the future be loaded to weigh more
than 11.450 kilograms (25,243
pounds). The ill-fated airliner which
fell at Gastrup Airfield yesterday
had a weight of 12,189 kilograms
(26,872 pounds), he said.
The Royal Dutch Airline plane
(KLM), however, was loaded within
the limits prescribed by the Nether
lands, which permit planes of that
type to carry a cargo load to bring
the total weight to 12,300 kilograms
(27,117 pounds).
(Jane’s All the World Aircraft,
a standard aviation reference
work, lists the maximum weight
of the American-built Douglas
DC-3 at 25,200 pounds.)
Burned Beyond Recognition.
Miss Moore’s body, like all the
others except that of the prince, was
burned and broken beyond recog
nition. The plane, which a 54-year
old pilot was flying, was consumed
so completely that it appeared
doubtful whether investigators would
find a tenable clue to any possible
mechanical defect.
Across the narrow waters in Swe
den, the flag over the royal castle in
Stockholm flew at half staff for the
first time since the death of Queen
Victoria of Sweden in April of 1930.
The death of the tall, handsome
and athletic prince was the first by
accident in the long history of the
royal Bernadotte family. The prince
was returning from a hunting trip
in Holland. His death placed his
9-month-old son, Karl Gustav, sec
ond in line for the crown of King
Gustav V after the victim's father,
Crown Prince Gustav Adolf.
The 88-year-old Swedish King,
deeply grieved by the death of his
eldest grandson, was to visit the
widowed Princess Sibylla during the
day. Sibyalla broke the news of
their father’s death to her four
daughters only this morning.
Husband to Fly From Pans.
Burned with the prince’s luggage
aboard the crashed liner were four
Dutch dolls, gifts of Crown Princess
Juliana of Holland to the little
girls, Margaretha, Christina, Desiree
and Brigetta.
Miss Moore’s husband, Ifelentin
Parera, was expected to reach
Copenhagen from Paris by plane
tonight or Tuesday, the American
Legation said. First plans had been
to send the body to Paris, but these
were canceled. *
The Copenhagen Medico-Legal In
stitute said her body had not yet
been identified. Three women were
aboard the plane and one of the
women's bodies has been identified,
simplifying the task.
Miss Moore, who began her singing
career in a Tennessee choir and won
fame as a star in musical comedy,
the opera and the movies, was the
only American in the ill-fated plane.
The singer had just completed a
concert engagement in Copenhagen
and was enroute to another in
Sweden. The husband of the 45
year-old soprano heard the news of
her death at Mougins, France,
where he was convalescing from an
illness. A close friend said he was
“terribly shocked.”
The DC-3 transport plane, with
16 passengers and a crew of six
aboard, crashed on the airstrip just
after taking off for Stockholm. The
liner immediately broke into flames
and blazed so fiercely there was no
chance for anyone to escape.
The bulletin issued by Royal
Dutch Airlines said the plane "took
off normally under good weather
conditions,” but "immediately after
(See COPENHAGEN, Page A-5.)
Truman Not Planning
Key West Vacation
By the Associated Press
President Truman has no plans
for a vacation at Key West, Fla.,
in March, the White House said
today.
Presidential Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross told a news con
ference, in response to questions,
that a broadcast report to that effect
was incorrect. Mr. Truman recently
vacationed at the Naval Submarine
Base at Key West.
Asked further whether the Presi
dent is planning any vacation in
March. Mr. Ross replied that he had
no vacation plans to announce
1 today.
Candy Strewn Quarter of Mile
In Wreck of 39 B. & 0. Cars
By the Associated Press
WEST UNION, W. Va., Jan. 27.—
Wrecking crews working night and
day hoped to have tracks of the
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad cleared
by tomorrow. The tracks have
been tied up since yesterday by de
railment of 39 freight cars in what
an official called “the worst wreck
in the history of the Monongah di
vision” although no one was hurt.
The official estimated damage at
$500,000. He said the accident was
caused by a broken wheel tread.
The cars spilled their contents
along the tracks for quarter of a
t mile. Children searched happily
through the debris for two loads of
chocolate candy bars. A gooey mess
was caused by scattered meatballs
and spaghetti mixed with 16,000 gal
lons of syrup through which auto
tires went rolling.
Re-routing of trains via New Mar
tinsville meant an hour-and-a-haif
i delay in passenger schedules? The
engine and first car remained on the
tracks as did the last eight cars, a
booster engine and caboose.
'Pennsylvanian' Engineer
Fatally Injured in Wreck
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 27 OP).—An
eastbound Pennsylvania Railroad
passenger train plunged into a de
railed freight car at nearby Spring
Hill yesterday, fatally injuring the
engineer.
Two passengers on the train, the
i "Pennsylvanian” enroute from Chi
cago, were slightly injured but went
on to New York.
A railroad spokesman identified
the victim as J. W. Allison of Al
toona, Pa. He died at Columbia
Hospital of shock and a head injury.
The railroad said the freight de
railment occurred at a switch only
a short time before the passenger
train reached Spring Hill.
A relief train was made up in
Pittsburgh and the passengers
transferred to it a short time after
the accident.
'• __ __\
HE CAN’T
AFFORD IT. I
TELL YOU—
HE NEEDS A
NEW SUIT
CLOTHES!
*^HTSGOT L
TO WEAR IT L X,
BECAUSE HE’S T
THE NATIONAL L&
}
McMahon Suspects Russians
Have Atom Plant Behind Urals
Tells Senate U. S. Must Exchange Knowledge
For Controls or Face Destruction
By the Associated Pres*
Senator McMahon, Democrat,
of Connecticut said today he
suspects Russia is developing “an
atomic fission plant” in the Ural
Mountains while American and
Soviet officials are debating
plans for world-wide atomic con
trol and disarmament.
The former chairman of the
Special Congressional Committee on
Atomic Energy added in a speech
before the Senate that this country
must “swap atomic knowledge for
atomic control” immediately or face
eventual destruction by the awe
some new weapon.
Senator McMahon, who three
months ago proposed a compromise
control plan designed to get around
Russia’s insistence on the right of
veto, pleaded anew for its acceptance
declaring:
“It is in the interest of our own
security, to get inspectors behind
the high walls now so that we may
know what is going on now, before
it becomes possible for us to be
shocked into awareness by the
sudden explosion of an atoAic bomb
in our midst.
“Today we have no way of know
ing what other countries are doing
about atomic weapons or how far
they have'advanced. But this much
we do know. Other nations are
(See McMAHON, Page A-5.)
Grace Moore Studied
And Made Her First
Appearance Here
Noted Singer Defied
Father and Left School
To Take Up Career
Grace Moore, who died in a
Copenhagen plane crash yester
day, began her musical studies
in Washington during World
War I and made her first ap
pearance before the footlights
here.
Leaving her native Tennessee,
whqre a brief career of choir sing
ing and a backstage meeting with
Mary Garden, noted opera singer,
determined her life’s goal, Miss
Moore entered the Wilson Green
Music School in Washington, despite
the protests of her father, the late
Col. Richard E. Moore, sr.
Frowning on a musical career, her
father had earlier enrolled her in
fashionable Ward Belmont School
in Nashville.
One day in Washington, when
she was 17, she met the noted tenor,
Giovanni Martinelli. He arranged
her first theatrical appearance here,
where she sang “Somewhere in
France.”
Not long after that, with her
father still insisting that she drop
her career, Miss Moore borrowed
$300 from a friend, slipped away
from school and hid for a week in
a Washington hotel, waiting for the
search for her to end.
Then she went to New York and
for the first time “looked at the big
doors of the Metropolitan Opera
House, even though I knew I was
18,000 miles away from the stage.”
Success in Three Fields.
She wasn't as far away as she
thought. Within a span of 15 years
she was to find success in three
fields—grand opera, musical comedy
and motion pictures —but in each
case the exhilaration of triumph was
preceded by a short term of failure.
Throughout her career Miss Moore
returned often to Washington for
appearances at Constitution Hall, to
be feted by Presidents and society
leaders. She gave her time-unspar
ingly to such campaigns as the
March of Dimes fight against in
fantile paralysis and sang often for
the armed forces.
Her last appearance here in No
vember, 1945, when she sang in “La
Tosca,” was accompanied by a bit
of unrehearsed drama behind the
curtain at Constitution Hall.
There a deputy United States
marshal, William S. Hennessy,
served Miss Moore papers in a $10,
000 damage suit, and got an in
jured foot for his trouble. Display
ing the temperament attributed to
one of her operatic standing, Miss
Moore slammed the dressing room
door on the official foot.
Agent Brought Suit,
i Later, expressing the hope she had
I “hurt all five toes,” Miss Moore
‘added: “I’m a good, strong Tennes
jsee hillbilly and I pushed hard.”
I Brought by a booking agent who
said Miss Moore broke a contract by
not appearing at a Richmond con
cert in November, 1944, the suit is
still pending. Miss Moore said she
was unable to appear because of a
taxi accident and “thought it was
all settled by my manager.”
In December, 1943, Miss Moore
proved the good trouper by insisting
on carrying out a Washington per
(See GRACE MOORE, Page A-5.)
Bulletins
Steel Demands Open Shop
PITTSBURGH (^.—United
States Steel Corp. today an
nounced in counterproposals
to the United Steel Workers,
CIO, that it was insisting on
the “employe’s fundamental
right to determine for himself”
whether be should be a mem
ber of the union. A corpora
tion spokesman said the man
agement opposed both the
closed shop and the union
shop. A union shop is now in
effect at United States Steel.
No Extra Pay for Coaches
Extra pay for District public
high school physical education
teachers who put in extra
hours coaching athletic teams
will not be recommended to
the Board of Education tomor
row. The Legislative and Per
sonnel Committees of the
board, meeting today, voted
against recommending extra
pay for coaches.
U. S. Appeals Lea Decision
The Justice Department to
day asked the Supreme Court
to reverse a decision holding
unconstitutional the Lea Act—
often referred to as the anti
Petrillo law. An appeal filed
by George T. Washington, the
acting solicitor general, urged
the court to review immedi
ately the findings of Judge
Walter J. La Buy in the District
Court in Chicago.
Atom Control Unit Puts
U. S. Defense First,
Lilienthal Asserts
Group Not 'Prejudiced'
Against Military Advice,
He Tells Senators
*
By the Associated Press
David E. Lilienthal told Sen
ators today the Atomic Control
Commission would be “fool
hardy” if it disregarded national
defense as its prime objective
“in the present state of interna
tional affairs.”
Testifying on his nomination for
chairman of the new. commission,
Mr. Lilienthal asserted specifically
that there is no “prejudice” among
the group against accepting military
advice.
Senator Vandenberg, Republican,
of Michigan brought up this point
before the Senate Atomic Commit
tee as Senator McKellar, Democrat,
of Tennessee, long-time antagonist
of Mr. Lilienthal, sat nearby await
ing an opportunity to question the
nominee. Senator McKellar has la
beled Mr. Lilienthal, former TVA
chairman, as “the head Communist
of my State.”
After Mr. Lilienthal had testi
fied that any pe%ceful development
of atomic energy carries the source
of power “80 per cent toward its
use as a weapon,” Senator Vanden
berg asked bluntly:
“Is there any disposition on the
part of the commission to be preju
diced against military advisers?”
Mr. Lilienthal replied there is
"none whatsoever,” adding that the
commission members have consulted
with the Secretaries of War and
Navy and with Maj. Gen. Leslie R.
Groves, who headed the Army’s
Manhattan District which developed
the atomic bomb.
At this point Senator Johnson,
Democrat, of Colorado asked ab
ruptly if there had been any con
sultations with Gen. Groves since
the commission took control of the
Manhattan District under recess
appointments at midnight Decern- •
iber 31.
"Perhaps not,” Mr. Lilienthal
conceded. He said, however, that it
was the commission’s policy to con
sult with military men in all
processes of the development of
atomic energy, from the mines
through the manufacturing work.
Two Books Bring $24,800
LONDON. Jan. 27 UP).—'Two first
editions of John Bunyan’s “Pilgrim’s
Progress” sold for $24,800 at auction
today. The books were from the
library of the late Sir Leicester
Harms worth.
-- --- I
Passerby Rescues Mechanic
Trapped in Blazing Pit
Hears Screams After
Gasoline Fumes Ignite
From Pump Switch
A passerby crawled into a
blazing grease pit about 8 o’clock
this morning to pull a helpless
mechanic to safety after gaso
line fumes ignited and set the
man’s clothing afire.
The rescue, carried out by Sam
Franton, 40, of 1161 Third street
N.E., probably saved the life of the
i mechanic, Charles Sallette, 35, of
i 2327 Ashmead place N.W.
Mr. Sallette suffered critical first,
second and third degree burns in
the fire, which occurred while he
was working in a pit at the Lehman
Trucking Terminal, 1525 New York
avenue N.E.
His rescuer, who works for an
other trucking company at 1435
New York avenue N.E., suffered
first degree burns on the hands and
wrists.
Firemen said the fire apparently
started when gasoline fumes in the
jpit were ignited by sparks from an
I automatic slush pump. The flames
| spread quickly to Mr. Sallette’s
| grease and oil-stained clothing.
Mr. Franton happened to be in the
terminal, firemen said, when he
heard , the helpless mechanic's
screams. He scrambled into the
7-foot-deep pit and pulled the burn
ing man out without regard for the
flames, which burned his own hands,
firemen declared.
Then the rescuer and others on
, SAM FRANTON.
Burned hand in rescue.
—Star Staff Photo, j
J the scene beat out Mr. Sallette’s
flaming clothing and called an am-;
bulance. Casualty Hospital described
Mr. Sallette’s condition as critical.
Firemen of No. 26 Engine Com
pany and No. 15 Truck Company
quickly put out the fire which caused
! slight damage.
Bill to Bar Suits
For Portal Pay
Is introduced
Knutson Fears Federal *
Government Liability
Of Four Billion
By »h« Associated Press
Chairman Knutson of the
House Ways and Means Commit
tee today introduced legislation
to prohibit recovery under por
tal-to-pOrtal pay suits.
In a statement. Mr. Knutson said
Treasury estimates indicated the
Federal Government may have to
pay as much as $4,000,000,000 if
pending portal suits are adjudged in
favor of the complaining unions.
He added:
"Such an enormous loss in revenue
would, of course, put to an end any
hope for individual tax relief this
year. We should act now * • * to
prevent such undeserved windfalls
and thus enable our citizens to se
cure this year some reduction from
the oppressive individual income
taxes which were imposed for war
purposes.”
The House leadership decided to
day that the portal pay issue will
be handled by the Judiciary rather
than the Labor Committee.
ijuiok Hearings Promised.
Speaker Martin told reporters
Chairman Michener had given as
surances the Judiciary Committee
can start hearings “very quickly.”
Before a Senate Judiciary sub
committee, the Potash Co. of Amer
ica, whose union employes are suing
it for $5,000,000 portal pay, said the
employes ask pay for “time spent in
travel from their homes.’’
Fred O. Davis, treasurer of the
Carlsbad (N. Mex.) film, testified
the trip from a Carlsbad parking lot
to the place of work requires 35
minutes each way on a public bus.
He said the employes, members of
the CIO Mine Workers Union, con
tend in their suit that during this
70 minutes “they expend mental
and physical energy for the com
pany.”
Chairman Donnell asked whether
the employes are permitted to "read
magazines or sleep?”
“Yes,” Mr. Davis replied, "those
are the things they usually do on
the ride.
Wilfcy Fears Recession.
Earlier, testifying before the
Judiciary Subcommittee, Chairman
Wiley of the full committee said “a
recession threatens America” and
the portal-to-portal suits make it
"more and more possible.”
“Time is working against us; we
must act now on this legislation to
curb this spreading fear that is
paralyzing all industry,” said the
Senator.
Senator Wiley added that “the
very success or failure of the Na
tion’s entire reconversion program
depends on the answer we give to
this problem.”
The Senator counseled "speed and
adequacy,” asserting that the pub
lic interest is menaced. He noted
that industry witnesses had de
scribed adverse effects of the suits
on business, and that the Federal
Government itself faces a possible
direct liability.
Tax Problems Cited.
“State and local governments
also,” Senator Wiley said, cannot
lightly dismiss “the matter of tax
adjustments, prospective and retro
spective” if the suits are successful.
“Enemies of America at home and
abroad are making the most of this
chaotic uncertainty,” the Senator
continued. “They are trying to be
cloud the issue and in so doing, to
set class against class here.”
Senator Wiley outlined again de
tails of his own bill intended to off
fcSee PORTAirPAY, Page A-4.)
Committee Approves
Curran for Judgeship
The Senate Judiciary Committee
today unanimously approved the
nomination of Edward M. Curran
to be Associate Justice of District
Court. A favorable report was to
be made to the Senate today and
will come up for a vote on confirma
tion Wednesday. t
The Judiciary Committee, by
unanimous vote, adopted the report
of its subcommittee headed by Sen
ator Revercomb, Republican, of
West Virginia. The subcommittee ,
unanimously approved the Curran »
nomination after an open hearing
last week, when a few witnesses
appeared to object to his appoint
ment.
Mr. Curran, former Municipal
Court judge and former United )
States attorney, already is sitting I
on the bench in District Court under
a recess appointment by President
Truman. _ *
Brooklyn Escapee Surrenders
NEW YORK, Jan. 27 (/Pi.—Car
mine Emmino, one of nine prisoners
who fled from the Raymond Street
Jail in Brooklyn in the January 2
escape, surrendered to authorities
shortly after midnight, police said
today. Emmino was the fifth pris
oner of the group to be taken into
custody.
— —
Know Your Orchestra
Neighborhood Concert
Tonight at Armstrong
The sixth of the series of
Neighborhood Concerts spon
sored by The Evening Star
will be played tonight at Arm
strong High School, Second
and O streets N.W., by the Na
tional Symphony Orchestra,
with Howard Mitchell con
ducting.
Beethoven’s Symphony No.
1 in C will be the feature part
of the program.
Guests at the concert are
requested to be in their seats
by 8:45 p.m.
If the concert tickets are
exhausted and you cannot
attend in person, be sure to
listen in on the broadcast by
Station WMAL at 9 p.m, j

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