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Weather Forecast Fresh winds and clearing this afternoon, high in upper 40s. Clear tonight, low near 32. Tomorrow sunny and warmer. Temperatures today—High, 45, at 12:01 pm.; low, 37, at 12:30 a.m. Yesterday—High, 51, ; at 1:55 p.m.; low, 36, at 12:40 a.m. (Full Report on Page A-2.) Guide for Readers Page. Amusements-B-18 Churches-A-7-9 Comics _B-16-17 Editorial-A-6 Editorial Articles A-7 Lost and Found..A-3 jt-age. Obituary .A-10 Radio -.--B-17 Real Estate B-l-10 Society, Clubs .-A-10 Sports-A-ll Where to Go-A-7 An Associated Press Newspaper 95th YEAR. No. 57,575 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, MARCH 22, 1947—THIRTY PAGES. ★★★ Ciiy Home Delivery. Daily and Sunday gj pTrVTTQ 90c a Month. When 5 Sundays, S1.00 «* V. -Cji'N X O Molotov Urges Reich Return to Pre-Nazi Setup Bidault Opposes Speed In Establishing Reich Provisional Regime By the Associated Press LONDON, Mar. 22.—The Mos cow radio said Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov proposed today formation of a provisional Ger man government with the same degree of decentralization which existed before the Hitler regime. His plan, presented before the Council of Foreign Ministers, called for a parliament of two houses, a president elected by the houses, and separate legislative chambers for the German provinces, which he said previously W'ere “autonomous.” (The Moscow dispatch on to day's session of the foreign min isters said the French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, pro posing a decentralized, loosely federated government for Ger many, opposed rapid establish ment of even a provisional regime.) The radio quoted Mr. Molotov as saying the future German state should have secret ballot elections on the basis of a “universal, equal and direct electoral law” and that freedom of speech, the press, re ligion and public meetings should be guaranteed. No Specific Time Set. The text of the plan as broadcast by Moscow did not set any specific time for undertaking the establish ment of a German government. The broadcast, recorded by the Soviet monitor here, quoted Mr. Molotov as saying: “The Hitlerite centralization of the State administratipn, which destroys the Landtags (provincial diets) and the autonomous admini stration of the Laender (states) must be liquidated, so the decen tralization of the administration will be restored which existed be fore the establishment of the Hitler regime, with the restoration of the Lantags and two all-German cham bers.” French officials previously had urged decentralization and the United States and Britain suggested federalization. Democratic Election Urged. There had been widespread belief in the western capitals that Russia favored a strongly centralized Ger- i man government and this was fore seen as a major issue of the Moscow conference. Mr. Molotov was quoted as saying that “the political system of Ger many must have a democratic char acter and the organs of power mustj be formed on the basis of a demo-! cratic election.” “Such a provisional German gov ernment must be set up as could, while insuring the political and eco nomic unity of Germany, simul taneously assume responsibility for the fulfillment of Germany's obli gations to the Allied states,” the ■ radio quoted him. Mr. Molotov proposed that the Cerman government include “cen al German administrative depart •rents on finance, industry, trans ort, communications and foreign rade,” the broadcast reported. He suggested that the Allied Con rol Council in Berlin work out a irovisional democratic constitution for Germany with the help of “the democratic parties, the free trade unions and other anti-Nazi organi zations.” Provisional Regime Urged. His plan, as broadcast, proposed j that elections be held “in accord ance with the provisional German | constitution, after which a provi-j sional German government should I be formed.” The prime task of the provisional government, he said, should be erad ication of “the remnants of German militarism and Fascism” in accord- i ance with the_Potsdam agreement. Under his plan, a President of the! German republic would be elected vy a Parliament consisting of two! hambers. “On the whole territory of Ger nany, an all-German constitution (See MOSCOW, Page A-4TT Sun to Shine Tomorrow n Tardy Spring Debut Spring—a little behind the cal ndar—will arrive during the week nd, the Weather Bureau said today. This afternoon will be free of ‘ hreats of showers which marked the uorning, the forecaster said, and tl}e emperature will go up to about 50. j But tomorrow will be a beautiful i spring day, he said. The day will start cold—about 32, he said, and then warm up to 60 or ~etter. The skies will be clear with ,ew clouds. Stalin May Receive Bevin Over Week End By tht Associated Press MOSCOW, Mar. 22.—An authori tative British source said today that a meeting between Prime Mini ster Stalin and Foreign Secretary Bevin was “in the wind” for this weekend, but added that it might take place “somewhat later.” It was learned that the British have indicated Mr. Bevin would be glad to see the Soviet leader, but •' made no specific request for such a conference. Political forecasters predicted ear lier that Mr. Stalin might see both Mr. Bevin and Secretary of State Marshall this weekend—“if some body isn’t giving somebody else the silent treatment.” The American Socretary has been here 13 days and the British secre tary 14 days—for the Big Four For eign Ministers’ Conference—without getting any known invitation from Mr. Stalin. In two previous Moscow conferences, Mr. Stalin has seen the American and British diplomats long before this. Mr. Stalin saw French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault last Monday night. Agreement Reached in Seizure Of U. S. Cargo, Dutch Announce Ship to Be Provided With Similar Legal Freight Under Agreement, The Hague Says By the Associated Press THE HAGUE, Mar. 22.—The Netherlands government said to day an agreement had been reached in the case of the American freighter Martin Behr man, whose $3,000,000 cargo was seized by Dutch authorities in Batavia. “Continuous friendly discussions between the Netherlands govern ment and the United States Gov ernment led to this result,” a com munique said. The Martin Behrman, chartered by the Isbrandtsen Co. of New York, was ordered to Batavia by Dutch naval craft after she loaded sugar, sisal, rubber and other products at the republican port of Cheribon in Java. Netherlands East Indies officials said the cargo was seized because the products were grown on estates, now in Indonesian hands, which rightfully belonged to Dutchmen. “The Netherlands Indies govern ment,” said the communique issued here, “has declared itself prepared to provide the Martin Behrman with a similar legal cargo so that there will b? no financial loss for the ship. “Moreover, the NEI government is willing to compensate the com pany for financial losses caused by the order to the Martin Behrman to sail from Cheribon to Batavia. This compensation may be determined by arbitration if necessary. “It will be taken into account tha$ the ship was already on its way to Cheribon before the Netherlands Indies import and export regula tions were announced.” (These regulations provide for a Dutch licensing system.) The communique said, however, the NEI government w'as “prepared to meet the Isbrandtsen line’s wishes” only if the latter promised not to take legal action in regard to the cargo once the authorized shipment arrived in the United States. “In the latter case,” the docu ment declared, “the NEI govern (Bee BEHRMAN, Page A^4.) Senate Republicans Will Confer Today On Sugar and Rents Divergent Opinions Make Agreement Doubtful; House Votes Rationing By the Associated Press The 51 Republican Senators were called together today to see whether they can reach a united decision on the future of Government controls over rents and sugar. Several members told newsmen privately they were dubious about prospects for a general agreement in view of wiaely different views among party members. Chairman Taft of the Republican Policy Committee said the confer ence would be concerned primarily with sugar rationing. The House voted, 286 to 54, yes terday to extend sugar rationing and price controls until next Octo ber 31 and allocation powers until March 31, 1948. Price controls and rationing are scheduled to expire June 30 and the allocation powers at the end of this month. Senator McCarthy Predicts Support. Senator McCarthy, Republican, of Wisconsin, who wants to abolish all sugar controls, told a reporter he is willing to bet that a majority of Republican Senators will support his view in the end. Senator McCarthy argued that the most recent estimates of the Cuban sugar crop is up 650,000 tons and said there ought to be enough to go around without Government allocation. On the rent front, Senators Taft and McCarthy have joined forces behind a bill to set up local boards with broad powers to remove ceil ings or adjust present lids. A banking subcommittee headed by Senator Buck, Republican, of Delaware, took another slant yes terday in a bill proposing that State Governors be authorized to set up advisory ‘committees' which could make decontrol recommendations. The bill would otherwise extend con trols, with no general increase in ceilings, until next February 29. Senator Hawks Favors Increase. Senator Hawkes, Republican, of New Jersey, has been pushing for a 10 per cent increase if rent controls are continued, but most of his col (See CONTROLS, Page A-3J Communist Official Slain In American Zone of Reich By the Associated Press STUTTGART, Germany, Mar. 22. —Rheinhold Hub, Communist mem ber of the Denazification Board in the nearby town of Oehringen, was shot to death in his bed today by two masked gunmen believed to be members of the Nazi underground. German police said the slayers were seen fleeing in the direction of Bretzfeld, where a search was under way. The motive for the shooting was believed to be Hub’s anti-Nazi ac tivity. Prior to the rise of Hitler, Hub was a member of the Social Democratic Party. The Denazifica tion Board of which he was a member had the reputation of being the toughest in Wuerttemberg Province. Hub, 41, had received two threat ening letters in the last few months because of his bitter anti-Nazi attitude. He was arrested by the Gestapo in 1935. If the slaying was the result of his anti-Nazi beliefs, it would be the first such killing in the United States occupation zone, although the Nazi underground has bombed de nazification offices in the zone on several occasions. Greek Spring Drive Against Guerrillas Reported Under Way Offensive Launched on Mount Grammos, Near Albanian Frontier By the Associated Press ATHENS, Mar. 22.—The Greek Army’s promised spring offensive against antigovernment guer rillas in the north was reported under way today on Mount Grammos near the Albanian frontier. Larisa dispatches last night said the 15th Division, with artillery and air support, began a large-scale drive on the Grammos guerrillas early Thursday. The dispatches said flyers from Larisa and Salonika bases inflicted severe losses among the anti-gov ernment forces with machine gun fire. Southwest of Mount Grammos, 8th Division units were reported to have wiped out a band of over 100 guerrillas at Hospsi on Mount Tzoumerka in Greek Epirus, not far from Alfania. Press reports said today that in another Epirus action, Greek troops killed 20 guerrillas and wounded 15 in a three-hour battle near Konitsa. Other dispatches reported that far to the east near the Bulgarian oorder, the Xanthe brigade virtually wiped out a leftist band of about 200 in the vicinity of Thermal. TTiese dispatches said 50 guerrillas were killed, 70 wounded and 7 cap tured and the remnants fled into Bulgaria, leaving many supplies be hind. Ir. Greece's southern peninsula of the Peloponnesus, inhabitants of nearby villages broke into a prison at Ghythion and killed 37 Commun ist convicts to avenge the leftist killing of P. Katsareas, right-wing band chieftain. The Ministry of Public Order, which announced the lynching, said it was carried off by some 200 armed villagers who overcame 25 prison guards. The government, voicing “indig nant disapproval,’” promised stern penalties and ordered the Minister of Public Order, lately on tour in Eastern Macedonia, to go to Ghy thion to investigate. U. N. Notified of Drive. A United Nations commission has been in Greece almost two months inquiring into a Greek charge that the northern guerrillas had been supplied and encouraged from iSee GREECE, Page A-4.i Six Children Killed As Train Strikes Auto By the Associated Press KAYSVILLE, Utah, Mar. 22.— Six children were killed and three persons injured last night when the car in which they were returning from a movie was struck broadside by the Union Pacific's Los Angeles Limited. Wilford H. Webster, 55, of Kays ville, driver, survived the collision along with his daughter. Dorothy Webster, 20, and a son, Dee Webster, 12. A younger daughter was killed. State patrolmen quoted Mr. Web ster as saying he had stopped the automobile to wait for a north bound freight train to pass and then started across the double tracks. The car was struck by the 1 Limited traveling south on the sec ond track. The dead hurled up to 50 feet jfyom the vehicle, were Hal Barnes, 114; Sterling Barnes, 9; David jBarnes, 7; Carol Lee Presler, 10; | David Sandall, 14, and Jo Ann Web ster, 10, all of Kaysville. Chautemps to Offer Testimony From Welles in Paris Trial By the Associated Press PARIS, Mar. 22.—Former Premier I Camille Chautemps, who goes on trial in absentia March 25 before' the French High Court of Justice in1 connection with his wartime activi-j ties, will call on former Undersec retary of State Sumner Welles to testify in his defense, also in ab sentia. The testimony from Mr. Welles is contained in a 50-page statement to the court which Mr. Chautemps’ son Jean has just brought from the United States for presentation on his father’s behalf. Mr. Chautemps himself will not appear. He is re maining at his home in Chevy Chase, Md. Mr. Welles, according to this doc ument, went to Mr. Chautemps’ de fense in a series of answers last June to Mr. Chautemps’ attorney, stating that the former premier at all times sought to bolster resistance against the Germans in his dealings with the American Government and with Vichy. Charges against Mr. Chautemps concern his alleged Vichy “mission to America” shortly after the fall of Prance. The former Premier, who re mained in Washington throughout the war, is accused of sabotaging Free French movements through his influence with American officials. In the document, Mr. Chautemps is sending a lengthy detailed denial of these charges, maintaining his ac tions were always in accord with eventual liberation of Prance. In his statement, Mr. Welles de clared that Mr. Chautemps con tacted him immediately after his ar (See CHAUTEMPS, Page A-4.) Senators Seek U. N. Clause in Greek Aid Bill Bipartisan Move Reaffirms Support Of United Nations A move to make it clear that direct American aid to Greece and Turkey is not intended to weaken the United Nations or ganization is tinder way in Con gress today. As the Senate prepared to start its hearings Monday on the issue, Chairman Vandenburg of the For eign Relations Committee, and Sen ator Connally of Texas, ranking Democratic member, joined in draft ing a declaration to show that aid-: ing other nations to maintain their freedom and independence is in conformity with the principles of the U. N. Charter. Acting Secretary of State Ache son also has been endeavoring to emphasize in his testimony before the House Foreign Affairs Commit tee that the administration’s plan to extend $400,000,000 of aid to Greece and Turkey does not consti tute a weakening of U. N. The House committee hearings are in recess until Monday. Preamble to Bill. The Vandenburg-Connally pro nouncement is in the form of a pre amble to be offered to the bill before it is acted on. Its joint presenta tion by the two Senators, who took such an active part in setting up the United Nations organization, gave it added weight and empha sized its bipartisan nature. The plan, obviously intended to meet head-on charges in Congress and foreign capitals that this coun try is snubbing the international or ganization. was advanced even as the administration was reported weighing a plan for reaffirming its support in U. N. Senators Vandenberg and Con nally, both closely associated with development of American diplomatic policy, cited in their proposed pre amble evidence that the U. .N. Se curity Council itself has recognized “the seriousness of the unsettled conditions” on the Greek frontier. ; They call attention to recognition by the U. N. food and agriculture mission of “the necessity that Greece receive financial and economic as sistance,’ and to its recommenda tion that the Greeks "request such assistance” from the U. N. and from this country and Britain. Urgent Need Stressed. Stressing anew what President Truman and Mr. Acheson already have emphasized, the proposed pre amble points out that the U. N. “is not now in a position to furnish Greece and Turkey the financial and economic assistance which is immediately required.” “The furnishing of such assistance to Greece and Turkey by the United States,” it adds, “will contribute to the freedom and independence of all members of the United Nations in conformity with the principles and purposes of the charter.” There was evidence that this is! part of a twin move to ease the con cern of the smaller nations over the lone hand being pursued by this country in Greece and Turkey since' Britain declared her on financial straits would force her to cast off some Mediterranean commitments. Members of Congress reported the State Department has drafted for President Truman's approval a letter for United States Delegate Warren Austin to give Trygve Lie, U. N. Sec retary General, outlining this coun try's position and the need for ac tion now. Austin Here for Talks. White House Press Secretary Charles G. Ross told newsmen that no such letter has been prepared by Mr. Truman himself. However, it is known that Mr. Austin, disturbed over the effect of the independent American move on the U. N.’s mem bership, hustled to Washington two days ago for "consultations." Meanwhile, there were these other developments: 1. The House Foreign Affairs Com mittee suspended plans to call Un dersecretary of State Will Clayton Monday for a review of the pro gram’s economic aspects, and later Secretary of War Patterson and Secretary of the Navy Forrestal. 2. The State Department planned to release for publication tomorrow background documents given com mittee members on the Mediter ranean situation. Under committee pressure. Mr. Acheson agreed yes (See FOREIGN, Page~A-3.) U. S. Plane Carrying Crashes in East Africa By the Associated Press CAIRO, Mar. 22.—Advices reach ing here today said the Dakota (DC-3) plane of the American mili tary attache in Cairo crashed yes terday between Asmara, Eritrea, and Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with six persons aboard. The Royal Air Force at Khar toum said it was feared all aboard were killed. Neither Col. William K. McNown, the military attache, nor Maj. David j Harmon, his assistant, was aboard i the plane. The American Embassy in Cairo said that among those aboard the plane were Donald Sullivan of Bev erly Hills, Calif., petroleum attache in Cairo, and Daniel C. Dennett, jr., Newton, Mass., cultural relations ! attache of the American Legation at Beyrouth. Two members of the | united States Army Air Forces, one j member of the Air Transport Com : mand and a member of the United i states Army stationed in the Middle | East also were reported aboard. The plane, which flew freight to the American Legation at Addis Ababa, reportedly crashed an hour and a half out of Addis Ababa, en route to Asmara. Another plane has been dis patched .from Cairo to search for the wreckage. Officials Meet in Effort To Hold Firing to 1,800 In Labor Department Budget Slash May Force Dropping Up to 2,000, Half of Them Here Labor Department officials met today to plan over-all economy measures in the department in an attempt to avoid firing more than 1,800 of their employes. Hard hit by a. 37% per cent cut in its operating expenses for the next fiscal year, Labor Department of ficials said they hoped that opera tional savings effected might make additional firings unnecessary. The department now has 6,711 employes. Top officials denied published re ports that 2.800 Labor Department employes will be fired. Figure Is Uncertain. “It’s hard to tell for certain, of course, but our guess is that between 1,503 and 1,800 of our employes will have to be fired,” a Labor Depart ment spokesman said today. He add ed that, in any event, the number shouldn’t be more than 2,000. About half of the workers to be dismissed are employed in Washington, it was said. The ultimate number of workers to be dismissed will depend to a great extent on the department’s annual leave financial liability. When an employe leaves the Gov ernment, he must be paid for all the leave he has coming to him. Thousands to Take Leaves. In an attempt to cut down on this potential liability, the depart ment will order several thousand of its employes to take their annual leaves next week. It was pointed out, however, that it doesn’t neces sarily follow that all of these em ployes are going to be fired. The department is just playing it safe in case it does become necessary to dismiss these workers, Labor offi cials said. Meanwhile, the department will begin next week to send out 15-day dismissal notices to hundreds of em ployes. The notices will be on a conditional basis, that they will be withdrawn if some of the appropria tion cuts are restored by Congress.! However, department officials don't; hold out much hope on that seore. Trial of Ex-Judge Johnson Due to Go to Jury Today By the Associated Press HARRISBURG, Pa„ Mar. 22.— Conspiracy charges against former Federal Judge Albert W. Johnson and five others go to a Federal Court jury today immediately after Judge James Alger Fee completes a four hour summation. Valentine Hammack, special As sistant United States Attorney Gen eral, and Charles J. Margiotti, chief defense attorney, finished their ad dresses to the jury yesterday. “Things smelled so bad in the Middle District Court of Pennsyl vania that they cried to high heav ens, and Judge Johnson was the rot ten head of corruption in this dis trict," Mr. Hammack asserted in his final address. Mr. Margiotti insisted if the jurors “follow the evidence and follow the law” they will return “a verdict of innocence.” He spoke for eight hours in defense of the 74-year-old jurist and his three sons—Miller A., Don ald M. and Capt. Albert W. John son. jr. Other defense counsel previously had urged the jury to free John Memolo and Jacob Greenes, both of Scranton, Pa., the other two de fendants. All have pleaded not guijty to charges of conspiracy to obstruct justice and defraud the United Stafes. President Declares April Cancer Control Month . President Truman today called for a united effort by the people of this country to stamp out cancer. He proclaimed April as Cancer Control Month and said that 17,000,000 per sons now living will die of this dis ease unless a cure is found. The presidential proclamation said that cancer, “one of mankind’s most insidious enemies, takes an annual toll of 177,000 American lives,” and that “medical science needs the co-operation of every in dividual and agency to further its fight” on the disease. A-Bomb Can Hit Any Place On Earth, Einstein Says By tSe Associated Press LONDON, Mar. 22.—Prof. Albert Einstein, in a recorded speech, told a London youth rally last night that every place on earth was vul nerable to atom bombs and urged world government as the "only way’’ to secure peace. “The apparent development of political relations since the end of World War II has brought us no nearer to international peace,” Prof. Einstein said in the speech, re corded at his home in. Princeton, N. J. "Real power is at present in the hands of a few'nations. The solu tion of the real problem is an agree ment on a grand scale between the United States and Russia.” C. Dorsey Warfield, Baltimore Publisher, Dies in 12-Story Fall News-Post Executive Formerly Was Employed By Three Papers Here By the Associated Press BALTIMORE, Mar. 22.—C. Dor sey Warfield, 49, publisher of the Baltimore News-Post, fell to his; death from a 12th-floor window in his apartment at the War rington Apartments on fashion able North Charles street early today, police said. Edward Fraser, switchboard oper ator at the apartment house, said Mrs. Warfield was asleep at the tiQie of the plunge and was not informed of her husband's death for more than an hour. He said the body was found by a porter. Lee Hope, on the lawn at the rear of the apartment house. It apparently struck a 3-foot iron railing along a concrete ramp. Mr. Warfield was a native of Bal timore. He was educated at City College of Baltimore, graduating in 1915. After two years in the Navy during World War I, he joined the business department of the Balti more Sun. He became, in succession, mechan ical superintendent and assistant business manager. From 1928 to 1932 he served as general manager of the Washington rimes, later becoming assistant pub lisher of the Washington Times Herald. In 1937 he was appointed associate publisher of the Washing ton News, leaving the same year to become publisher of the News-Post and the Sunday American. Mr. Warfield was a relative of the Duchess of Windsor, the former Wallis Warfield of Baltimore, his former associates here recalled to day. The Warfield family has been prominent in Maryland for genera tions. Mountbatten in New Delhi NEW DELHI, Mar. 22 UP).—Ad miral Viscount Mountbatten arrived here today to take over as the last Viceroy of India—the rich subconti nent which Prime Minister Attlee has promised to turn over to an independent Indian government by June, 1948. G. 0. P. Certain It Can Override Veto Alter Decisive Portal Vote 18 Democrats Help Pass Measure in Senate, 64-24; Now Goes to Conference By the Associated Press On the strength of decisive House and Senate victories for legislation killing portal pay suits. Republicans spoke con dently today of overriding a veto by President Truman if neces sary. The Senate vote for a measure to outlaw virtually all pending and future portal claims was 64 to 24, j It now goes to the House, which' passed a similar bill three weeks ago, 435 to 56. Next week, House and Senate con ferees will iron out the differences. Ratification is a foregone conclu sion. Then the bill will go to the White House. With a two-thirds vote needed to override a veto, Republican Con gressional leaders could point to the j fact that they mustered the required strength—and more— in both the House and Senate. IS Democrats Help Bill. lit the Senate yesterday, 18 Dem ocrats joined with 46 Republicans in approving the portal bill voiding pending claims for nearly $6,000,000, 000. The Democrats lost, 53 to 35,j an earlier attempt to substitute a milder bill for the GOP-sponsored measure finally adopted. They pro-i posed to exempt future back-wage claims from the general ban. Democrats who opposed final,^pas sage contended the bill would Wreck the Wage-Hour Act, which fixes minimum wages and maximum hours. “I earnestly hope." Senator Pep per, Democrat, of Florida told a reporter, “that President Truman will veto this bill, with an explana tory message that he is willing to outlaw frivolous and unjust portal claims, but is unwilling to partici pate in striking a mortal blow at the ^age-hour law.” Assailing the measure in the Sen ate, Senator Lucas of Illinois, the Democratic whip, predicted flatly that Mr. Truman will veto it. But Senator Wiley, Republican, of Wisconsin, chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee which ap proved the bill, told his colleagues: "The country has asked for this bill.” All Pending Suits Banned. This is what it does: 1. Outlaws all pending portal suits, except those covered by wage contracts or industry custom. 2. Bars future hack-wage claims on the same basis in the case of portal activities before and after the regular workday. Pay for such activities during the workday—rest and instruction periods, for exam ple—is left to court settlement or collective bargaining. y 3. Prohibits filing of suits by unions, out permits claims by an employe or group of employes on behalf of other workers. 4. Fixes a two-year time limit, after the work was done, for the filing of qualified suits. 5. Relieves employers of liability when they relied in “good faith” on rulings by the wage-hour adminis (See PORTAL, Page A^SU City Needs New Law Two Pistol Carriers Sentenced After Arrest on Other Charges Two men faced 90-day jail terms today for carrying pistols, but police needed the excuse of another offense to arrest them. That is the twist in the firearms law which the Police Department and United States Attorney George Morris Fay hope to get straightened out through a bill now pending, which would enable police to arrest persons carrying deadly weapons “on probable cause.-’ One of the two men sentenced yesterday for carrying a deadly weapon was arrested March 7, soon after he went into a restaurant and demanded the days store receipts, according to police. When the counter girl refused to turn over the money, police testified, the man pulled out a pistol, threatened to kill her and ran out of the store. | He was arrested on suspicion of committing a felony and the pistol was found on him. The case went before Judge Armond W. Scott on a charge of carrying a deadly weapon. The defendant, Fred D. Allen. 22, colored, of the 1600 block of Fifteenth street N.W., pleaded guilty. In sentencing him. Judge Scott commented: “There has been too much promiscuous gun-toting, too much shooting going on here lately. Had you been in New York, you would have gotten a penitentiary sen tence on this charge.’’ Judge Scott was referring to the kiling of Frank C. Kelly and the critical wounding of Policeman Ray mond D. Padgett within the last 10 days. The two cases have spurred (See FIREARMS, Page A-4.) I Conferees Fail To Reach Accord On Budget Cut House Group Rejects Compromise Plan for 514-Billion Slash BULLETIN House and Senate conferees failed to agree today on a com promise cut of $5,250,000,000 in President Truman’s $37,500, 000,000 budget. They adjourned without fixing a time to re sume negotiations. This figure was suggested by the Senate and turned down by the House. (Tax Table on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press Senate and House Republican leaders were reported to have agreed today to pledge a $5, 250,000,000 cut in President Tru man’s budget, a $2,000,000,000 debt reduction and a “substan tial” cut in taxes. The proposals were said by legis lators to have been laid today before conferees attempting to adjust Sen ate-House differences over how deep a slash should be made in the Presi dent’s $37,500,000,000 budget for the year beginning July 1. The $5,250,000,000 would be a com promise between the $4,500,000,000 cut voted by the Senate and $6. 000.000,000 slash approved by the House. Congress is required to approve a ceiling on governmental expendi tures under the Congressional Re organization Act passed last session. Neither House had incorporated the tax cutting pledge into the original resolution, but House Re publicans held out for a statement calling for a "substantial’’ slash in agreeing to the compromise figure of a $2,000,000,000 reduction in the $260,000,000,000 national debt. Tax Cut Vote Thursday. The $3,840,000,000 tax-slashing bill, already approved by the House Ways and Means Committee, will be placed before the House next Wednesday under a procedure requiring mem bers to vote this cut or none. No amendments from the floor will be allowed and the showdown vote will come Thursday. Speaker Martin sftid the bill "definitely will pass.” Democratic leaders quickly took a “no-cut-at-all” stand, backing up President Truman's contention that any Treasury surpluses this year should be used for payments on the national debt. Tile legislation, approved, 16 to 9, by the House Ways and Means Com mittee yesterday, would lower by 30 per cent the taxes of more than 20.000. 000 "little men” and give a 20 per cent cut to most of the other 26.000. 000 income taxpayers. Rebates Proposed. The cuts would be retroactive to January 1. Wage and salary with holding rates would drop June 1 and rebates would be given on over-pay njents since the first of the year. Majority Leader Halleck predicted that when the House vote comes "we will pick up more Democratic votes than we lose Republican votes. We will be so near unanimous on our side that it won’t make any differ ence.” The Republicans have a 245-to-188 majority in the House. Speaker Martin issued a rallying call for Republicans in a formal statement last night, saying: “The Republicans have clearly recognized for a long time the dan gers of excessive taxation ar.d the absolute necessity for tax cuts. We promised the Nation lower taxes— and we shall keep faith with the American people. ’ “These tax cuts are entirely prac ticable while at th^ same time pay ments art! made on the debt." Representative EngeJ, Republican, of Michigan, who has termed the measure “a rich man's bill.” an nounced he still intends to oppose it during the House debate. Declares “Little Man” Neg ected. Another Republican dissenter was Representative Keating of New York. He said the bill gives too large a cut for high incomes and not enough for the “little man.” He told newsmen he will propose at a meeting of House Republicans on Monday that the measure be revised ! to shift more relief to the lower brackets and less to incomes above $50,000. Former Speaker Rayburn, now House minority leader, called on Democrats to make a united stand 'against the bill. He said present world conditions make it impossible | i See TAXES, Page A-4.) ’ 20 Injured as Flyer Is Derailed in Carolina By the Associated Press CAMDEN. S. C.. Mar. 22.—The Seaboard Airline Railway’s Miami to-New York Sun Queen was de railed at Cassatt near here early today, injuring about 20 persons. < Only two of the injured required hospitalization, however, and the others continued on their way after first aid treatment. J. H. Johnson of Raleigh, N. C., the engineer, was brought to Cam den Hospital, suffering injuries of the head, arms, and hands. The name of the other hospitalized vic tim was not immediately available. Seaboard employes said the train ran through an open switch at Cas satt, 14 miles northeast of here, about 3:30 a.m. Three Diesel engine units and seven cars jumped the track which was torn up for a distance of several hundred feet. Among those treated were C. L. Sherrill, 30, of 921 Third street N.W., Washington, third cook; J. E. Fergu son, 59. also a cook, of 9 P street NT:.. Washington; C, H. Smith, 62; West Palm Beach, dining car stew ard; Rhudehn Spenser, Bethlehem, Pa.; Mamie Harrison, New York; Lucille Green, Damascus, Ga.; Clara Gardner, Hartford, Conn.; Levi Ber ridge, 19, USN, Clifton Heights, Pa., and Wallace Underwood, Philadel phia.