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Lacy Shaw Foresees
'Oppressive' Laws in Montgomery County By J. B. Zotmon The all-Republican Montgomery County delegation to the General Assembly today was accused of sponsoring bills at the session just ended "which resulted In a series of schemes for new and oppressive count7 laws and the largest total oi bond issue authorizations ever passed for the county In a four-year term." The charge was made by Lacy Shaw, chairman of the Democratic State Central Committee for the county; "Since the Republican State Sen ator anjl the six Republican dele gates were elected by a number of thousand charter supporters," Mr. Shaw added, "the legislative record Just finished at Annapolis can be taken as an accurate preview of what a charter county council legis lature would-accomplish." A preliminary draft of a proposed charter for the county was made public Tuesday. The final draft will be submitted to the voters at the 1948 general election. «kfti rm « /Hi —s UIU vu V«»VM· To rapport his charge, Mr. Shaw cited the bill passed by the Legis lature to give the county commis sioners every tax power now held by the State. Under this bill, according to Mr. Bhaw, the county commissioners would have authority to levy a county income tax, county fran chise taxes, use taxes, taxes on utility bills and any other tax the State could constitutionally levy. In addition, Mr. Shaw pointed to another bill permitting the county commissioners to levy a tax not to exceed 5 per cent on all residential or commercial rentals, to be paid by the tenant. "As far as we have been able to find our," he asserted, "there is no such law any place in the United States. Remember, this one ex periment can cost the renter of a place to live or do business, and prooably of a farm, a county tax of 6 per cent on his or her annual rent." Turning to the bond issue ques tion, Mr. Shaw said the delegation passed $7,000,000 worth of new bonds for schools, roads and sewers. Sewer Tax Assailed. "These and other bond issues Introduced and passed by the Re publican delegation in the 1947 session not only represent the larg est total amount of bond authoriza tions ever enacted for Montgomery County but they bring in an entire ly new scheme of taxing every one everywhere to build local sewer systems to serve favored small com munities." · Mr. Shaw apparently referred to * bill authorizing the county com missioners to issue $500,000 in bonds for the construction of sewage systems. Mr. Shaw also said the "charter Republican-elected" delegation spon sored a bill for a bond issue to refund the approximately $1.900.000 worth of county bonds which will mature within the next few years. Such action, he contended, "is contrary to all of the previous long continued attacks of charter leaders. Republican leaders, civic federation leaders and fhe League of Women Voters. · As far as we have heard, they have all refrained from such attack when their recently chosen legislative representatives followed this course." ι raiier ι tuck uevice Demonstrated for ICC A device designed to increase the Mfety of tractor-trailer combina tion* was demonstrated today by John N. A pear to members of the Interstate Commerce Commission in front of the ICC building on Constitution avenue. The Invention is a modification of the "fifth wheel" by which the trail er is attached to the tractor. Con ventional attachments permit the trailer to sway laterally when the truck is "jacknifed" in parking ftnd * when making turns at, high speed. The new plate prevents this lateral ewar and eliminates the possibility of a load shift with the resulting danger of overturning. Mr. Apgar. a partner in Apgar Bros., truck fleet operators of Bound Brook, N. J., invented the new plate two years ago. It has been suc cessfully used on all of the conoern's trucks, he said. Weather Report District of Columbia.—Clearing and fool this afternoon, with hlgh eet temperature In the low 50s: clear and colder tonight, with lowest about 35 : tomorrow, sunny but con tinued cool. Virginia and Maryland.—Clearing this afternoon, clear and colder to night; tomorrow, sunny but con tinued cool. Wind velocity. 12 miles per hour; direction, northeast. Hirer Rrtwrt. (From United Sum Engineers.) Potomac River cloudy «t Harper· ferry ând »ll*htly muddy at Great Falls: Bhen •ndogh clear at Harpers Ferrr. Temperatnre and Humidity. (Readings at Washington National Airport.) ' Temperature. Humidity. Yesterday— Degrees. Percent. Noon i. SB 4 pm. 61 5 Γ η* 5« Midnight 55 Tocar— Îa m. 45 :30 p.m. 4S 87 SO 0Ϊ or 91 84 Record Temeerarores This Year. Highest. *3. on January 30. Lowest. 7. on February 6. Tide Table*. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) Today. High 6:26 a m Lctr 12:40 a m. Hirh 6:52 p.ra Low 1:07 p.m. The #nn led Moen. Tomorrow 7:17 a.m. 1 :CP a m 7 :40 p .m 1:56 p.m Sets «33 «:34 5:10 ι m turned or. Rises. Sun. today .V4Î» ffcin. tomorrow 5:48 Moon. today. 4:33 ρ m Automobile lithts must b« one-half hour aft»r sunset. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation in inches ln the Capital (current month to dite): Month. 1947. Ave. January 3.18 3. Si Τ rebrusry 1.27 Ά.Ι March 1.02 3 7 April 0.87 3 2 May 3.7 June — 4.1 July 4 7 Auiust 4.0 September 3.2 October 2.8 Kovember 2.3 December — 3.3 Weather ln Varloon Hich. Lot. Albuaueraue 73 S3 Miami Atlanta AU'tic City Biamarck_ _ Boston Buffalo Chictro Cincinnati Detroit ... El Faso Galveston HarrUbur* Indianapolis Kansas City Lps A η teles Wtutrille 40 Wilwuuiee 41 New Orleans 40 New vork 31 Norfolk |T Okla. City 33 Cmeha ... Phoenix Pittaburth f'tltnrt. Me. Louis Lake City in Antonio Francisco __ __>attle 42 Tampa White Girl in Colored School To Fight Transfer by Board Miss Karla Rosel Galarza is shown sewing one of the gowns she designed and made while at the Margaret Murray Washing ton Vocational High School for colored students. —Star Staff Photo. A 22-year-old white girl who was ordered by the Board of Education to withdraw from the Margaret J Murray Washington Vocational ; School for colored students, said Ιο ί day she was determined to fight the ι ruling. Miss Karla Rosel Oalarza and her father. Dr. Ernesto Galarza, former educational adviser to the Pan American Union, this morning sent an answer to the board declaring "we decline to accept as final and valid the action of the board." At her home at 2403 Observatory place N.W., last night, Miss Galarza explained why she enrolled at the school in February. She said she was interested in dress and costume designing and that, from the information she has. the course is not available in any other Washington public school. As she talked she fingered the texture of a dress she designed and maae unaer instructions 01 iicr , teacher at Washington Vocational School, Miss Cordelia Wharton. "Let me tell you about Miss Whar ton,'* she said. "She has studied in Paris and in New York. I have much admiration for her because of her educational background. It means everything. That's why I want to remain at Washington." "You can't get this course any where else," her father put in. "Yes, we are going to contest this case legally." According to Dr. Garnet C. Wil kinson, assistant superintendent of District schools, he was notified by a "citizen" that Miss Gelarza was attending the school. After conferences with school officials. Miss Galarza stated her position and her parents backed her up. But, late yesterday the Board of Education ordered her to trans fer to the Burdick Vocational High School where, they said, the same type of course is available. Colored members of the board voted with white members to oust Miss Galarza from the colored school. But, as they explained, they Two Labor Groups Oppose Communications Merger ly th· Aiiociotad Ργ·ιι Two labor organizations have ex pressed opposition to a proposal for merger of the United States com panies engaged in international communication services, the State Department said yesterday. The American Communications Association ι CIO ι spoke against any such move before an inter-depart mental group studying the question. The CIO union took the position that such a merger "would be op posed to the interest of the public" and would not offer sufficient guar antees for protection of employees. The All-America Cables Employes Association 'independent) also spoke out against any merger on the ground that such steps would benefit the companies involved but would not help the workers. The Government group which heard the testimony is the Telecommunications Co-ordinating Committee made up of representa tives of the State. War. Navy, Treas ury, and Commerce Departments snd the Federal Communications Longress in Brier ly the Associated Press Senate: Resumes debate on nomination of David E. LUienthal as chairman of Atomic Energy Commission. Vote on motion to send nomination back to committee scheduled at 5 p.m. Armed Services Committee hears testimony by Gen. Norstad on Army Navy unification. Foreign Relations Committee con tinues closed-door discussion of pro posed aid to Greece and Turkey. Labor Committee resumes discus sion of genera! labor bill. Appropriations subcommittee hears Admiral J. F. Farley on proposed $36,000,000 cut in Coast Guard funds. House: Labor subcommittee hears John L. Lewis on Centralia (111.) mine dis aster. Foreign Affairs Committee resumes Hearing on proposed loan to Greece ind Turkey. Senate and House conferees try to Iron out differences in antiportal pay bills. ; voted against their own principles George E. C. Hayes put it this i way: "We as a board are obligated tc determine whether children ar< white or colored. I realize it is the law but I am voting against ! personal feelings." Mrs. Velma G. Williams addec ;this: "Because of the existing law. I arr voting favorably. However, I regrel deeply that in this democracy o1 ours there has to be separation Ir education." In the statement mailed to th< board today. Dr. Galarza said h< realized the action of the board wa; mandatory under the law. He ex plained, however, the authority ol the board comes from Congress which in turn gets its power iron the Constitution. "And nowhere in the Constitutior is there a power delegated to Con gress to set up separate schools,' he said. i Mies Galarza said that on April 14 When school reconvenes after th« spring holidays, "I will ignore the order and return to the Washingtor Vocational School." "I expect by that time we will have seen what legal redress we have," hei father added. Miss. Galarza is not restricting hei talents to costume design, although her ambitions lie in that field. She is accomplished at interior decorat ing, water-color painting and i.· studying sketching several nights s week at American University. Shi speaks Spanish and has studied ir Lima, Peru, where she lived for a time. Miss Galarza was born in Sacra mento, Calif. Her parents came tc Washington from New York in 1936 She went to Macfarland Junior High School and then to Washington-Lei High School in Arlington County Va. The family then moved tc Sacramento and Miss Galarza wa.< graduated from a high school there in 1939. They returned here last fall New Ambassadors Named For Colombia, Honduras President Truman today con tinued his shake up of the diplo matic corps, nominating Normar Beaulac, now Ambassador to Para guay, to be Ambassador to Colom bia and Paul C. Daniels, counseloi at Rio de Janeiro; to be Ambassa dor to Honduras. Mr. Beaulac will succeed John Wiley, who recently went to Portu gal as Ambassador, while Mr Daniels replaces John D. Erwin. This was the third set of change: announced this week. Current Budget Estimates Revised With Balance Seer ly th· A»eciot*d Prm The administration is revising it* budget estimates for the current fiscal year, Secretary of the Treas ury Snyder said yesterday. « The new figures will be given out by President Truman when they are ready, Mr. Snyder told a news conference. The last official estimate, given out by the President early in Jan uary. was that there would be a deficit—meaning an excess of spend ing over receipts—of about $2,300. 000.000 when the fiscal year ends June 30. Government analysts now expect that instead of any deficit, the budget will be balanced for the first time in 17 years. In addition, some have said privately there'll be a sur plus of receipts over spending amout ing to perhaps about $1,000,000,000 Mr. Snyder refused to "guess' the amount of the prospective surplus. However, in response to a question as to whether it might run as high as $4,000,000,000. he made it plain he considers that estimate far too high. 1 Businessmen Push Fight for Repeal of Maryland Sales Tax Nearby Maryland businessmen to day were mapping plans to carry their fight for repeal of the 2 per cent sales tax to the rest of the State, regardless of whether the District gets a similar tax. , Gov. Lane has signed an act to impose a Maryland levy July 1 and Congress now is considering a simi lar measure for the District. * Businessmen from Bethesda and Silver Spring met with the Prince Georges Independent Trade Asso ciation at Hyattsville last night and termed the tax "directly opposed" to the wishes of the people and the Legislature. Committee Appointed. A committee was appointed to select an interim Executive Commit tee to incorporate a permanent State-wide organization on a non profit basis. "Our only chance is a referen dum," Mayor Harry A. L. Barker of Riverdale declared. Walter K. Bachrach, chairman of the Maryland Anti-Sales Tax Asso ciation, said he had employed a lawyer to study possibility of a ref erendum and whether the measure could be declared unconstitutional. Legislature leaders said at Annapolis last week that revenue measures are exempt from the Maryland law per mitting referenda. William H. Prescott of the Be thesda Chamber of Commerce told the meeting the sales tax measure was forced through the Legislature by "terrific political pressure." Tax Called TJnsonnd. The group adopted a resolution terming the tax "unsound, uneco nomical" and asserted it would re sult in "drastic decreases in volume of business" and cause "sharp de clines" in commercial property values. The temporary committee, with Robert I. Black as chairman, in cludes Mr. Prescott, Montgomery County; A. P. Wheeler, Cecil County; H. L. Mills, Washington County; Harold Mars, Carroll County; Nor man C. Mason, Somerset County, and Alfred Truitt, Wicomico County. Two Blind Veferans to Get Executed Slayer's Eyes By th· Associated Pr»s$ COLUMBUS, Ohio, April 3.— Corneas transplanted from the eyes of Russell Eugene Koons, executed! last nieht In the Ohio Penitentiary's j electric chair for the hatchet slay-j ing of his mother, were to be used today et New York to restore sight to two blind war veterans. The frail 23-year-old Springfield (Ohio) Navy veteran bequeathed the corneas to the eye bank for sight restoration while waiting out his final hours in death row. He said the sight of blinded veterans' while he was on Guadalcanal in spired his gift. Immediately after two 2.200-volt electric charges exacted the death penalty, surgeons lifted the corneas from Kcons' eyes, sealed them in a -special container and dispatched them to New York by plane. A three-judge court at Springfield1 j convicted Koons for the hatchet ? ; slaying of his widowed mother. Mrs. Margaret Koons, 48, in January,1 1946. Navy Captain Convicted In Pearl Harbor Case Sy the Associated Press PEARL HARBOR, April S.—A Navy court-martial yesterday con victed Capt. John S. Kangeter, U. S. N. R„ Charleston, S. C.. of three charges involving irregularities in wartime merchandising for a Pearl Harbor civilian housing area. ι The conviction is subject to re view. The maximum sentence is dismissal from the service and five ! years' Imprisonment. Capt. Kangeter. in charge of Navy stores in Civilian Housing Area No. j 3 during the war, was convicted of culpable inefficiency, countenancing fraud and violation of lawful regu lations of the Secretary of the Navy. He was acquitted of a fourth count, perjury. * Bowie Entries By the Associated Press FOR FRIDAY. Cloudy end Muddy. First Post at 2 P.M.. EST. FIRST RACE—Purse. $a,500: claiming; 4-year-olds and upward; 0 furlongs. xAlimony Kid 108 New Book _ 113 xTimotl 108 Anup 11.1 Imperious Fox _ 110 Conilass 108 Ralnls ... Ill La Osuna 108 Electric 113 Over Gold 113 xRlver Bank __ 111 xEddleBoGee _ 109 Ady Marine lOfl SECOND RACE—Purse, $2,800; maidens. ' 3-year-olds; β furlongs. xSun Volo 108 A'arosa 113 Pompeys 8ong 1)8 Algopeg 113 Ethel Morse 113 xSincon 113 • xAIIQulc-t 108 xCarib Song 108; xRoyal Sarada 113 Olory Be 113| xCoolamay 108 Big Dub lis! Happy Hoodlum 118 QufBe 113 Pass Dun 118 Redlaal 113 THIRD RACE—Purse. $3.000: allow ances: 2-year-olds: 4 furlongs. Undercut. . 118 c Little Bobby. 110 Cathie Jean 115' a Brown Fox 116 aT'rning Point 11" c Semba Step 110 Saecy -118 Little Knlck lis Top Foot _ lift Mr Toison .. 110 Mary Ann 115 Castle Mark... 110 a Hirh Oround Stable entry. c Bobanet Stable entry. FOURTH RACE—Purse. $2.500; claim-! in*: 4-year-olds and upward. 6 furlongs1 jxWild Agent 108 xTopper . ... 112 I Focoso 110 Desi Jojan 113 Anijios . 110 In Defense 113 xAngel Cholly 108 Ettbr Twig ... lOfl I Indian Sun 113 Ibernian 111 Whoealdlt 108 xPay 10S | :<Dark Mischief 111 FIFTH RACF—Purse. S2.500: claiming; 1-year-olds and upward: 6 furlongs. ; Gay Venture 113 Urnins Riot 10R Silver Whisk _ 108 Alrfdate l"3i xArdent Miss 1"4 xBattlr Star 11Ï xMiss Tipper 103 Qahs Choice 11 fi ι Golden Babe 108 Aremp Singer log xMiss Sunlea )01 Alter Height 116 J Iptolate . 108 SIXTH RACE—Purse. VI.500: claim in»:: »-yiar-olds and upward: 6 furlongs. xMy Willow 10" Tear Drop 1061 Set Abe .. 114 Miss Neddie 111 . xBill G. 111 Gxlt ]OP I Page II 11« xNora Belle 106 Victim _ 1 in aHonour Stud't 122 Hlpnomenes 122 Rolllno 114 , aTumble Boy _ lie Rush Bay 31.H Evelyn Rolla r 108 Oofie 117 aMrs. V. D. end R. C. Waple entry. SEVENTH RACE — Pursf, *4.000: the Blenheim; allowances; 4-year-olds and up ward: 1Λ milts. Spanish Uhi 114 xGalamllk . t»o ; I Colleto - 120 Mlsllng Ls?r 103] ; Ingomar 108 xBesu Wynn 113 ;jouating Match . 118 Colinova 106 EIGHTH RACE—Purse. S2.500: claim i ing: 4-year-olds and upward: 1Λ mller Biff Jack 120 a G. C. Hamilton 130; V Day 115 Romance Boy . 120 xSlr Jerome 115 xChielam 115 ixCiffelne 115 sHopewell 315 ;aOn the Wane lift Lady Leaop» 110 xBlacx Flame >15 Irish Echo 115 a Seay and Elliott entry. χ Five pouna» apprentice allowance claimed. Lls'ed In orier oi poc* positions. FHA Approved Homes For 81s Only $500 Down · $66 Mo. In Lovely Radiant Valley Call for, Particulars REALTORS Sal·* Office—Lamtow, UN ion 1239 M4. t TRUMAN GREETS NEW GROUP'S OFFICERS—President Truman Is shown yesterday as he re ceived officers of the Military Government Association, an organization with the avowed purpose of helping the United States attain the objectives for which World War II was fought. (Left to right, standing) John H. Hilldrlng, Assistant Secretary of State and president of the associa tion; Richard H. Wilmer, second vice president; Charles M. Spoflord, first vice president; Milton W. Bufflington, treasurer, and Senator Cain, Republican, of Washington, third vice president. —Harris-Ewing Photo. Turkey Is on Way to Becoming Real Republic Despite Slowness By Constantine Brown Star Foreign Affairs Analyst ISTANBUL, Turkey (By Mail).— There is a good deal of criticism ol the present Turkish regime among some of the younger elements in the principal cities, such as Istanbul and Izmir. They describe the govern ment as dictatorial and bent on per petuating itself in power, The slow-moving East frequently gets on the nerves of Westerners who live there too long. ' Small dis comforts become magnified into great hardships. An English friend expressed indignation about the "backward Turks" because he had broken his monocle and could not buy a new one in Turkey. The young people with college or university degrèes are impatient with the present regime because it has been too slow in introducing free elections in the American sense of the word. Consequently, the bud ding opposition party, which hopes to take over the reins of govern ment, is not growing as rapidly as they think it should. It is true that Turkey, judged by American standards, does not have a democratic form of government. Although the opposition party has gained a number of seats in the National Assembly, there is no ques tion that many elections has'e been rigged by methods not unlike those used by American political machines. Turkey, hawejçr, became a repub lic only in 1924, when the revolution Nearby Communities For Daylight Time If District Adopts Κ Nearby communities In Maryland and Virginia are all set to switch over to daylight saving time on April 27 if the District decides to advance Its clocks and watches on that Sunday morning. Yesterday Gov. Lane of Maryland signed into latf bills authorizing the commissioners of Montgomery. Prince Georges and Anne Arundel Counties to proclaim the daylight time if they so desire. ' At the srme time Gov. Tuck, at a press conference In Richmond, reiterated his belief that the hour ahead time is "foolish" but conceded the right of individuals or commun ities to set their watches "for tomor row or the middle of next week if they see fit." Brooke Johns and "William A. Carson, chairmen, respectively, of the Montgomery and Prince Georges Boards of County Commissioners, promised today that they would automatically take advantage of the Legislature's authorization should the District adopt daylight time. Mr. Carson said there was no very widespread opposition to the idea in Prince Georges. In Montgomery, however, primarily a dairy farming county, there has been much vocal protest over the possible change. In Alexandria and Arlington, of ficials said they also would follow the District, even though a 1946 statute of the Virginia Legislature sets Eastern standard as the official time for the Old Dominion. Meanwhile, the House is scheduled to take action < on April 14 on the Senate approved McGrath Ml auhorizing the District Commis sioners to proclaim daylight saving. Ν — * woman rarany ara d De a On Her Front Doorstep By th· Associattd Pr*»s PHILADELPHIA, April 3.—A 26 year-old mother was slain, appar ently with a screw driver, at the front doorstep of her North Phil adelphia home early today. Fdward G. Gundaker was looking out a window of his apartment across the street and said he saw a man hack Mrs. Clara Matthews on the head and drag her into an alley. He telephoned the police. A blood-stained, six-inch screw driver was found at the entrance of the alleyway. The victim's husband Howard, 30-year-old orchestra play er and singer, said his wife carried it. in her purse to open their front door when they forgot their key. Police Sergt. John McLaughlin said no one was in sight when he and George Woodruff reached the scene about four minutes after Mr. Oundak^r's call. KODAK FILM 25 Developed *nd Printed. Any SI» β or 9 Exp. Ron : ' CINE KODAKS ! I KODAK SUPPLIES | Only 2 Store» β! I 12Hi N.W. t09 7* H.W. 4 In less than a quarter of a cen tury the new Turkish republic has, done away with a feudal system which tied the nation to the past. ; There are, of course, still many ■ abuses under the new regime. Graft |and favoritism were not eliminated : from Turkey with abolition of the 'sultanate. But Turkey is on the 1 way to becoming a real democracy. Suitor Who Lost Is Fined in Fake Calls to Police In affairs of the heart, Henry L. Launtage, 28, a cab driver of the 4600 j block of Langdrum lane, Bethesda, doesn't know when to quit. Judge Walter Casey yesterday in ι Municipal Court fined Launtage $25 on a charge of sending in false re ports to police. When Launtage's former girl friend married some one else, the spurned suitor began phoning police with assorted reports of shootings, stabbings and women screaming at the happily married couple's home in the 1700 block of Lanier place N.W., police said. Yesterday Launtage hurried to what he thought was a tryst with the girl. He was met instead by Pvt. Spencer Rulison of the tenth precinct. In court, Launtage said he couldn't stand the thought of the girl being with some one else. "I thought I ought to cause them some trouble," he commented as sentence was passed. 2,090 Dead in Month Of Indian Disorders By tht Associated Press CALCUTTA, April 3.—Dispatches from Lahore said today the official casualty tally showed 2,090 persons killed and 1,100 Injured in disturb ances which began among Hindus, ! Sikhs and Moslems of the Punjab March 4 after resignation of the 'province's coalition ministry. Home Secretary A. A. MacDonald, giving these statistics, was quoted as saying figures still were being collected from two northwestern districts which were among the most seriously affected. Calcutta and Howrah to the west across the Hooghly River were quiet today, and Bengal Province appar ently was returning to normal after a week of Hindu-Moslem^ disorders. Maj. Callahan Renting Comfortably at. Home Maj. Harvey G. Callahan, super intendent of police, today was rest ing comfortably at his home fol lowing his return from Sibley Hos pital yesterday. He will be con fined to bed for some time, it is expecter'. Maj. t Uahan. who was admitted to Sibley Hospital March 3. under ; went two abdominal operations «in a month. Ιηε '-ll Storm DOORS and STORM SCREENS % for year-round comfort Free Eetimat«· Immediate Delivery , WEATHER-VANE I WINDOW SALES COMPANY 100 Se. Utile St. OW. 7170 Arlington, Va. i Hilldring Sees Truman On New Organization John H. Hilldring, Assistant Sec retary of State and president of the newly organized Military Govern ment Association, called at the White House yesterday to discuss with President Truman the organi zation which, he said, could consti tute a "head of steam" behind a proper United States foreign policy. A statement distributed to news papermen added that Mr. Hilldring, who formerly was a major general in charge,of the War Department's Civil Affairs Division, thinks "Wash ington bureaucrats would have in the association a source of intelligent criticism." Mr. Hilldrlng was accompanied to the White House by three vice pres idents of the organization—Charles M. Spofford, New York; Richard H. Wilmer of Washington, D. C., and Senator Cain, Republican, of Washington. The Hilldrlng statement described the association as "having the avowed purpose to help this country attain the objective for which World War II was fought." Mr. Hilldrlng said he felt none of the objectives had been wholly ob tained and that "if the country exerts the leadership expected from It the subject of military govern ment must have a large place in the military establishment." He is hopeful of bringing into the organization both civilians and mili tary who served In the military gov ernment forces. Income Tax Increase Effective in 1948 Gels Gov. Lane's Approval •y th· Atsociatcd Pr«i ANNAPOLIS, April 8. — Revised taxation laws were on Maryland's statute boob today as part of an effort to bolster State revenues and meet increased governmental costs. Yesterday, Gov. Lane signed a 1947 legislative act to Increase State taxes on earned Income from 3 to 2% to 4 per cent for corporations. The new rates, however, will not become effective until 1948, to be paid in 1949. Revenue Put at $6,835,000. The increases were an important part of the chief executive's pro gram to obtain money to pay the higher costs of government and to allow distribution of a larger she ι οί revenues to the State's political subdivisions, as recommended by the Sherbow Commission. The changes are expected to pro duce $64135,000 annually. Another act signed permits Prince Georges, Montgomery and Anne Arundel County commissioners to establish daylight saving time in their counties. Bills permitting other counties to order the fast time also were passed by the Assembly, but were not ready for Gov. Lane's signature. utner Acts signea dt ume. Other acte signed by Gov. Lane Included: H. B. 373—Allowing the State Roads Commission to set up reason able speed limits on certain streets and highways. H. B. 389—Imposing a $1 license fee for separate coin-operated' speakers on music bofces. S. B. 117—Revising workmen'· compensation law to permit em ployes to include in their average weekly wages sums paid under any veterans' benefit laws. 8. B. 266—Increasing the Stand ard Salary Board powers to change ι pay rates of State employes. Legislative Council Expanded. S. B. 228—Requiring State em ployers to Inform the controller of ! employes' earnings as well as to give an account to employes. S. B. 501—Raising the membership of the Legislative Council to 20. H. B. 325—Permitting deputy bank commissioner's pay to be set In the budget. H. B. 326—Permitting salaries of Attorney General's Office employes I to be set in the budget. Chilean Aide Is Guest I ANNAPOLIS. April 3 (/P).—Comdr. Luis Recart of Valparaiso, Chilean Attache in Washington, was guest ' of honor at a Naval Academy Span lish Club dinner last night. j*AWNlNGS*, ORDER NOW : For immediate or Spring Delivery Mode to fit your own Individual requirement*. Finest materials. Large selection of colçrs. 1 CITY AWNING CO. RA. 5100 It's ι mart to give him a Dobbs bat to eaey, too! Just arrange with jm to give him a gift certificate a little brown derby tucked away in a handaome, miniature hat box. Μ·Η ■G55j On Easter he will tip his replica of the famous original to your good judgment . . . and brag to everyone hoir i smart you are... When he exchangee the certificate for a Dobbs -jdlHi he'll have a fine hat of hi* <fwrt selection. led by Kemal Ataturk was recog nized by the world powers. The new republic started from scratch ana has accomplished won ders iir a short time. The country i had been despotically ruled for cen turies by the sultans. This form of monarchy was suppressed and the old Turkish law was replaced by the progressive Swiss code. The old Turkish alphabet, which was so difficult that 98 per cent of j the population could not learn It, was replaced by Latin. As a result 30 per cent of the population can j read and write today. j Education, which in the past had been left largely in the hands of a fanatical clergy, was entrusted to young energetic people who are will ing to teach lir remote villages. Government expenditures now are controlled by the National Assembly.I instead of being left in the hands of a trusted appointee of the emperor, whose main concern was to provide his master with sufficient funds to meet all his fancies and to fill the pockets of the court camarilla, in cluding himself.