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Conferees Begin Work
On Portal Pay Bills; Velo Is Predicted ly th· AugciaUd Pr«i ; House and Senate conferees, cpnfronted by what one member (jescribed as "substantial differ ences" in legislation agaiiyst portal pay, today tackled the msIc of reaching a compromise. .Once that is accomplished; it rt fialns to be seen whether President Truman will sign or veto the bill. Hiere have been predictions of a «to. The No. 1 aim of the bills passed both houses is to erase liability for $6,000,000,000 m back pay claims against industry. These resulted îmm a Supreme Court ruling that wages could be sought for nonpro ductive activities controlled by the j employer, such as portal-to-portal talking time. The conference committees or ganized yesterday, naming Senator Donnell, Republican, of Missouri as chairman. Members said "there ap jÂars to be every disposition to get (5>wn to business." Blow at Ware-Hour Law Feared. ^Opponents charged during de bate that the House and Senate bills went beyond their original pur pose of upsetting the Nation-wide «tack of portal claims. Some Sen ators expressed fear the bill in their chamber would strike a blow at , the wage-hour law. Supporters pooh-poohed this contention and called the claims a threat to the N&tion's economy. Senator Lucas, Democrat, of Illi nois said he believed President Tru man would veto the bill passed by the Senate, and Senator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida chimed in with the hope that Mr. Truman would : dô so. One man in dally contact with ( tlie President gave as his personal opinion today that no bill acceptable ttf Mr. Truman is likely to come fijom Congress. :Two Major Differences in Bills. _TTiere are two major differences , lii the House and Senate versions. .'The first deals with future claims. Oie House bill outlaws them all, on the same basis as pending suits. The Senate bill wipes out future pay claims for portal activities be fore and after the regular work day, defined as the worker's "period of principal activity," î>ut it leaves back-wage claims foi" portal activi ties during the worK day to court settlement or collective bargaining. ! The other important difference is on statute of limitation provisions. The House bill fixes » one-year time limit after the work was done for the filing of any qualified claims. The Senate measure fixes a two year limit. Seek to Avoid New Court Test. Meanwhile, countel for employes cf the Mount Clemens (Mich.) Pot tery Co., whose portal suit resulted in the Supreme Court ruling, moved yesterday to avoid another immed diate test in the high court and thus force Congress and Mr. Truman to art. After the tribunal handed down its Cteciston./.the case wail returned to Federal JMstrlct Judge Frank A. Picard of Detroit to determine how much the pottery workers should re ceive. Judge Picard dismissed the suit on the ground that the work time involved was inconsequential. The employes appealed to the Cin cinnati coijft, Attorney General Clfttk then asked the Supreme Court for an immediate renew of the ac tion. Edward Lamb, attorney for the employes, yesterday filed a motion to dismiss the appeal. A representa tive of the workers said this would head ofT another Supreme Court ruline right away. Ruhr (Continued From First Page.) one-day walkout, the miners would return to work and production grad ually would begin to climb back to normal. Because of the Easter holidays, however, full-scale resumption of work was not expected before next week. U. S. and Britain Probe Food Crisis in Ruhr BERLIN, April 3. — C4>> — British and American Government officials are conducting an over-all Investi gation Into the Ruhr food crisis which British sources charged yes terday was due mainly to the failure of German farmers to meet delivery quotas and to maladministration by German food officials. , Disturbance by Youths In Frankfurt Quelled FRANKFURT. Germany, April 3 V). —American military and Ger- j man police last night quelled a dis turbance on Frankfurt's Bahnhof Platz Involving 200 homeless Ger man youths. The disturbance re- , ml ted, officials said, from a baseless rumor that an- American civilian had stabbed a German girl. Firearms (Continued Prom First Page.) carrying a weapon yesterday unless the person had the weapon on him When searched. Mr. O'Hara expressed confidence that the Hebert bill would plug the loophole in the law which made it possible for criminals and would-be criminals to carry revolvers and pis tole without fear of going to jail. Until Congress passes this bill po lice will not be able to get a convic tion in a concealed weapons case unless they had a warrant for the person's arrest, actually saw him committing a crime or arrested him on some other charge. Mr. O'Hara said he believed the bQl in its present form provides more protection for the good cit izens and better enforcement than the uniform firearms act, which is a model code adopted by some States. He said he felt the bill is aimed at the problem here and is bi the best interest of public wel fare. Demands for passage of such a measure arose after two recent ft«:w - 1 ORDERED HOME — Admiral Constantine Rodionov, Soviet Ambassador to Greece, has been called home for consul tations, a Soviet Embassy spokesman at Athens an nounced yesterday. —AP Wirephoto. itreet shootings, in which Frank C. telly was killed and a policeman, Raymond D. Padgett, was wounded :rltically. No Action on Bribery Bill. The subcommittee, at its execu Jve session today, considered, but lid not take action on several bills ο curb bribery in Distritt athletic :ontests. The Juvenile Court bill, which vas introduced by Representative ■lebert, Democrat, of Louisiana, fives the Juvenile Court Judge au hority to waive Jurisdiction in the :ases of children charged with an )ffense which If committed by an idult would be punishable by death >r life imprisonment. At present this discretionary X)wer applies only in cases of juve liles over 16. Juvenile Court Judge fay Bentley testified before the :ommittee that she had on objection to the bill so long as it was discre tionary. The grand larceny bill, also in troduced by Mr. Hebert after a study of changes to be made In the penal ' system, would keep out of District • Court many cases Involving small ■ amounts of money, is was explained. Mr. OUara said the rooming ; house bill was requested by the Com 5 missioners to give them broader powers in licensing rooming houses. • The bill would empower the Com ; missioners. among other filings, to 5 fix a schedule of license fees in ' amounts that would be commen surate to the cost to the District of ; inspections, supervision or regulation ' of the rooming houses. Greece ; (Continued From First Page.) to keep his eyes ahead and preserve the royal demeanor. s A single rank of Ave Athens police ■ men headed the procession. I Behind them & military band I paced the procession with muffled ■ drum rolls and a funeral dirge. A ι platoon of royal Evzone guards in > red velvet itockihg caps, blue black jackets And many pleated knee i length skirts held out by petticoats I marches behind the ban«J. Another . platoon of kilted troops flanked ' the coffin. Archbishop Damaskinoe, who was i regent during George's last exile, : gave the Orthodox Church's highest blessing to the march. He was ■ attended by 10 priests In ceremonial 1 brown and yellow brocaded robes. I At the end of tbe procession, six ■ palac* ears carried Queen Frederika, other members of the royal family ; and ladies in waiting. ι The warning from the SAM of ■ continued war in the divided nation [ unless the change of Kings meant a ; change in internal politics was con sidered ominous, because It came laerea ominous, œcause » came rom the political-military org an zation of the chief opposition ilement. The statement was elicited from SAM authorities by newsmen after engthy efforts to get the organlza ion to define its attitude toward Sing Paul. King Paul, In a statement to the 3reek people Tuesday night, de :lared that he had been "called on »day to continue" the task begun ay his brother, King George, and idded: "Our eternal fatherland is calling is today to a struggle of existence tor her independence and her liber lies. United we shall bring this struggle to an end." The EAM spokesthan, who refused a permit use of his name, said in his itatement today: "The personal change in the ihrone will play no role at all. The juestion is whether there is going \o take place any real change in ;he political situation in Greece. \s long as the internal situation s guided by anomalous motives, ;he change in the throne will not ;ffect the development of the sit lation in any way." Spring Offensive Discussed. The new King was reported last night to be going over the final de tails of an κΐΐ-out spring offensive against the mountain guerrillas, an offensive approved by his brother before be died. Athens morning newspapers all said the Greek army started oper ations early yesterday against guer rillas in the regions of Mount Olympus and Mount Pieria, north of Larisa, and of Mount Paikan near the Yugoslav border. They re ported these operations developing favorably for the government. The liberal newspaper Vima said guerrillas had slain three priests and 27 other civilians in widespread at tacks in Thrace and Macedonia in the last 24 hours. The Ministry of Public Order said that a Populist member of Parlia- ' ment, Euthymios Dedoussis, was killed yesterday while leading a mo bile gendarmerie contingent against a band of 800 guerrillas. Dedoussis, a former regular army officer who had resigned to run for Parliament in 1946, was killed in a sharp battle northeast of Patras in which 24 guerrillas were killed and 15 wdunded, press dispatches said. Liiienrnai (Continued Prom First Page.) j lations Committee and foreign pol icy adviser to the administration. Senator Vandenberg voted for Mr. i Lilienthal in the Atomic Energy 1 Committee. Hie vote was part ο f the 8-to-l majority for the former chairman of the Tennessee Valley : Authority. Only Senator Bricker ; voted "no" in that committee. ι Senator Vandenberg estimated that his address wfculd take no more than half an hour. But his attitude was considered extremely signifi cant in view of the anti-Lilienthal stand of Majority Leader White, Majority Whip Wherry and Repub lican Policy Committee Chairman Taft. Meanwhile, Senator Hawkee, Re publican, of New Jersey announced that he would vote for the Bricker resolution and, failing adoption of that, in favor of rejecting the nominee. A "This emergency system or pres suring legislation into existence causes us to do things today which we regret tomorrow," Senator Hawkes said. Was "Overpropagandised." He contended that he had been "overpropagandized in favor of Mr. Lilienthal." Last night's session—as in the case of all night sessions—found nerves on edge and exaggerated the divergence between Senators' con victions. As two Republican Senators, Wherry and Morse of Oregon, emerged from the chamber they en gaged in a heated discussion and turned abruptly apart. Senator Morse, an advocate of Mr. Lilienthal's confirmation, has asked 20 minutes today to uphold his can didate. Senators Wherry and Hick enlooper, Republican, of Iowa were allowed to divide the time equally between Mr. Lilienthal's supporters and opponents. Foreign (Continued From First Page.) furnished by the United Nations makes the continuance of such as sistance unnecessary or undesirable; "(3) If the President finds that any purposes of the act have been substantially accomplished by the action of any other inter-govern mental organizations or finds that the purposes of the act are incapa ble of satisfactory accomplishment." Director· Must Be Confirmed. As finally appproved, the bill also contains these provisions, voted yes terday: Senate confirmation of the pro· gram's directors. A stipulation that none of the funds could be used to pay old Greek and Turkish loans from other coun tries. A preamble offered by Senators Vandenberg and Connally, Democrat, of Texas, saying that the United States action "will contribute to the freedom and Independence of all members of the United Nations in conformity with the principles and purposes' of the U. N. Charter. Poll Backs Truman Policy. Meanwhile, the Associated Press reported a survey shows a bipartisan majority of the House Foreign Af fairs Committee supporting the President's foreign policy program in Eastern Europe. vt utc «ν i«i ivgiowivu themselves in favor of the program in general terms. Five asked to* be listed at this time as either unde cided or noncommittal. The others were reported out of town. Hie House committee planned to hear today from representatives of the Ameilcan Friends Committee and the Methodist Federation of Social Service, and Samuel· Guy In man, guest professor at Ohio Wes leyan University. The committee's hearings will con tinue next week, with a formal vote on the measure unlikely before April 14, when its full membership will be back on hand. 47,000 Cars in Norway Norway estimates that 47,000 cars, 3,700 taxlcabs, 33,300 trucks. 2,750 buses and 11,500 motorcycles are nahr operating in that country^ QUALITY IS LITTLE THINGS Quality in the maintenance ond repair of a fine automobile is a matter of painstaking attention to a lot of little things that are tremendously important. Thousands of Washington motorists 1125 15Λ 1. l\or*« hove come to rely upon Moyflower Motors' experienced mechanic» for quality of unsurpassed excellence In the matter of automotive care. ' · » '.· - , . : ,. ' . - ' Λ 'Phony Propaganda' On Customs Slash Assailed by Bridges By Harold B. Rogers Chairman Bridges of the Senate Appropriations Committee today îondemned what he called the 'phony" propaganda of the Customs Sureau in attempting to get the 3enate to restore a $3,500,000 appro priation cut «made by the House in she Treasury Department appropri ation biU. "This is one of the most disgrace ful episodes In congressional his tory," the New Hampshire Senator declared. He delivered his caustic criticism it the Customs Bureau and its em ployes after calling to the witness itand Harry J. Anslinger, United States commissioner of narcotics. Senator Bridges asked Mr. An ilinger If he agreed with charges >eing made throughout the country hat dismissal of the border patrol md port patrol officials would be an nvitation for wide-open smuggling >f drugs. ι mm mar 1 mm. m »» iiv» Λ. WV 1UUVU iSUMlUVW· He read from newspapers and etters telling of this threat, and uriced Mr. Anslinger: "Will the iountry go completely to hell?" "That's pretty strong," Mr. An jlinger answered. The narcotics chief told the com mittee that he was "not too much ilarmed if the customs forces could be properly deployed to meet the threat." Senator Bridges said he„ had re ceived 5,600 letters and telegrams :omplaining about the reduction in ;he patrols as a result of the House appropriation cut. He said he had replied to about i.QOO of these, but that roughly 5 per cent of his own letters of re sponse had come back marked by ;he Post Office Department as "un known." Letter Read Into Record. "TTiis shows how phony the whole thing was," Senator Bridges said. 'When a division of Government participates in such a phony, it dis gusts you, it disgusts me and dis credits every one connected with it." Senator Knowland, Republican, of California read into the record a letter / an official of the National Customs Service Association sent to customs employes urging a cam paign of letters and telegrams, espe cially to Senators to ask for resto ration of the money cut by the kJ.U uuv^· After Mr. Anslinger's appearance, Admiral J. F. Farley testified that l $36,000,000 House slash in Coast Guard funds for the next fiscal year may lead to ship losses which would far exceed that saving by Congress. "I am not being an alarmist when I prophesy that failure of crucial aids to navigation and other facilities can be anticipated," the Coast Guard commandant said. Calls Charges "Unfair." Admiral Farley said the "prop erty value represented in one large vessel of cur merchant marine if a \ victim of disaster can in a large' measure offset the saving" while the I "value of lives incrplved would, of course, be incalculable." He described as "unfair" impli cations that the Coast Guard had "deliberately attempted to ag grandize itself either at the ex pense of other agencies of the Gov ernment or the public itself." In making the $36,000,000k.slash, the House Appropriation? Commit tee saw the guard had '^grandiose designs" when it ft sited $232,000,000 to operate for the 12 months be tHr\ ni r\ir .Tiilv 1 This was reduced to J133,000,000 In President Truman's budget rec ommendations and whittled to $97, 000,000 by the House committee with the comment that the "Coast Guard is overstaffed with high-ranking officers" and attempting to operate as a "blue water" agency instead of along domestic coasts. Traffic (Continued Prom First Page.) direct contribution to the record," Mr. Keneipp added. The traffic director explained that each city In the national con test was Judged not only on its death and injury record but also on accident analyses, enforcement, engineering, organization, school safety and public education. He announced that Commissioner John Russell Young, Traffic Inspec tor Arthur E. Miller and he reoeived the following telegram from R. O. Bennett, secretary of the contest: "Happy to inform you that your city has been named winner of the grand award in the 1946 National! Traffic Safety Con tart. Sincère con gratulations. Details will follow." The contest covered all States and 1,355 cities. Connecticut was the State winner Df the grand award. It had a mile age death rate of 4.9 deaths for every 100,000,000 vehicle miles. Hat Is about half the national rate, the Safety Council said. Winners for 1945 were Iowa in the State classification and Wichita, Kans., in the cities division. Besides the grand awards, divis ional first place awards, were given to several states and cities accord ing to geographical and population groups. The Council also made sév irai special awards for excellent traffic safety conditions for five years or more. Cities which won first place In their population groups were Mem phis and San Diego, Calif., tied in the 200.000-300,000 group; Omaha In the 100,000-200,000 classification; Hamtramck, Mich., in the 50,000 100,000 group; Rochester, Minn., to the 25,000-50^000 group; and Logan, Utah, and Albert Lea, Minn., to the 10,000-25,000 group. Other States Winners. The State winners, besides Con necticut, were Minnesota in the Midwest and Washington to the Par West.' Special awards went to Milwaukee tor the lowest traffic death rate in its population group for six years, Beaver Dam, Wis., eight years with jut a traffic fatality; Stillwater, Dkla., and Richmond Heights, Mo., seven years without a traffic death, ind Coshocton, Ohio, five years without a traffic fatality. Oak Ridge, Tenn., site of the Jtomic bomb plant, also received special recognition for "outstanding îxcellence in traffic safety." The contest judges cited 153 cities with populations between 5,000 and [00,000 which went through 1946 without a traffic death. Telephone (Continued From First Page.) dicated they will be in readiness to make it as tight as possible. Co-ordinating their membership and resources, six unions have Dpened strike headquarters at 711 Thirteenth street N.W. Plans al ready have been completed for picketing all offices, exchanges and garages of the Chesapeake & Po ;omac Co. and District facilities of the Western Electric Co. Their combined membership ex ceeds 7,000, with the Washington Telephone Traffic Union's 3,000 op erators and the District Federation Df Telephone Workers* maintenance, commercial and accounting em ployes representing more than 6,000 3f the total. ' Maintenance Men to Join Strike. Three hundred installation men of the. Association of Communication Equipment Workers and 180 supply and repairmen of the National As sociation of Telephone Equipment Workers are scheduled to join the strike, affecting Western Electric uo. operations. u In addition there will be the π Maryland suburban telephone work ers and long lines operators belong- c ing to the American Union of Tele- b phone Workers. Because of a State law aimed at public utility strikes, J about 600 members of District unions · working in Virginia will continue to work. Mrs. Mary E. Gannon, president of the District operators' union, called a meeting of shop stewards at the Hotel Statler today to outline strike strategy. Like Helery Robinson, president of the DFTW, Mrs. Gannon said she deplored the strike, but thought it inevitable now. Mr. Robinson's un ion has completed its strike, plans. Neither he nor Mrs; Gannon -saw ι the possibility.,.of another negotla- 1 tions meeting with the telephone ι company before Monday. ' Company Prepares for Strike. As the local unions began pre narine for the strike, the teleDhone ? company also outlined procedure For keeping as much of the system operating as possible. A spokesman said cots and food provisions would be moved Into tele phone exchanges to be used by su pervisory employes who would work iround-the-clock to furnish emer jency service. Since dial telephones will continue to operate until impaired by me chanical difficulties, the manage ment personnel will concentrate on long distance and manually op erated service. About 5 per cent of the area's service Is manual, or mondial. * Exchanges serving manually op erated telephones are Locust-Spruce, Ivy-Jackson, Capitol Heights, Lud low and Falls Church. Although conciliation meetings have been going on between com pany and union units in 30 cities, the Labor Department apparently Is resting its hopes for a settlement right here. In addition to the long lines union meeting, the Southwestern Bell Tel /BRENNER PHOTO ÇO. $1% Gifts for Camera Fans M CAMERAS New * Dn4 From S3.95 to MM. Guaranteed Kodaks. Zeis», Argus, Lelcas, Contai, etc. Tradt lea accepted. MOVIE CAMERAS I and IS mm Prom 19.95 to $650, Inclusive. Keystone, Revere, Bolex, Cine master. Also many bargains In stock. MOVIE PROJECTORS S and It mm Silent Severe, Excel, etc. SOUND: Ν » t c o, Holmes, Ampro, Movie Mite. Ask for free demonstration. ENLARGERS Fer Camera Pant riMh Ouna. Irom K.*S. Exposure Meter*. from >14.83. Tripods, «Π ai**·. 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Folders Je FïmphlrU w New CaaMfU Λ Equtpmemt. Brenner^ Photo Co. 933 PA.AVE.N.W. 2?";.^! RE.2434 tphone do. covering four States and Employing >5,000 anion members, will move to the Washington stage to morrow with the Southwestern Tel ephone Workers' Union. From the two conferences the Conciliation Service hopes to fash ion an agreement which may apply* to the entire industry. The NPTW's 48-member Policy Committee, which is empowered to call off the strike or amend the 10 main demands made on the tele phone industry nationally, will re convene tills afternoon after a day's recess. The committee will remain in Washington at least until Mon day to expedite any change In policy that might come from the Labor De partment conferences. In New York, Mr. Payne reported negotiations for 50,000 Western Union employes to be hopelessly deadlocked. He said the unions were asking an increase of 35 cents an hour, but that the company not only had denied any increase but was threatening to do away with existing double time pay for Sun days and time and one-half for Sat urdays. Mr. Payne said the company also was refusing to bargain on hours and working conditions, but insisted on relegating the unions to a posi tion of having to fight for its de mands through grievance commit tees. , Legislature Asks Ouster Of Delaware Police Head ty th· Aitocntwl Pr«u DOVER, Del., April S.—Gov. Walter W. Bacon signed a Senate House approved resolution asking for the ouster of Col. Paul W. Havi land as Delaware State police com missioner at 11 o'clock last night. Any action to discharge Col. Havi land will have to be taken by the State Highway Department, of which he is an employe.' The Governor was called in by a Joint session of the Legislature and his signing of the resolution ended day-long action on the matter. The Legislative session continued into the early hours today. The ouster was requested after Col. Haviland said two State police barracks which had been closed could not be reopened with full force and equipment under present con ditions. The barracks had. been opened during the war ana were closed following the end of hostil ities. The Legislature is on record approving their full-scale operation. Body of Slain Man Mutilated With Drill By th· Associated Press ST. JOSEPH, Mo., April 3.—Police iald today an electric drill evidently was used to mutilate the body of John Frank, 58, janitor, found slain η the basement of Christ Episcopal Dhurch yesterday. Police officers said Mr. Prank ap parently had been working at a car penter bench when he was «truck ay his assailant with a hammer. Pdlice Chief J. Croy Keller said sne person had been arrested in con nection with the case. Mr. Prank was not robbed and ;hurch officials said nothing in the ouildlng had been disturbed. Japs' Former Premier To Run Fish Market * - - γ» ,· « - <·>* By th· Associated Prots - TOKYO, April 3.—Prince^ Naru hiko ' Hifâshi-Kuni,* fohner com mander of the Japanese Army in China, commander of Japanese homeland defenses during the War and Premier of all Japan following the surrender, obtained a license yesterday to run a fish market In downtown-Tokyo. .. >···-·· - F. W. Β. Coleman Dies; First Envoy to Baltics By th· Associated trti BRONX VILLE, Ν. Y., April t.— Frederick W, Β. Coleman, 72, re tired lawyer and diplomat and first Minister to the former Baltic repub lics of Latvia, Estonia and Lithu ania, died yesterday. Farm Institute Scheduled BLACKSBURG, Va., April 3 <JP).— The Institute of Rural Affairs, sus pended since 1941, will be resumed at Virginia Tech this summer, when 600 persons are expected for the institute's 14th session July 29 August 2, L. P. Dietrick, director of the Agricultural Extension Service, announced yesterday. GARAGE FOR RENT 30,000 SQ. FT. Statable For AUTO SALES and REPAIRS PHONE Dl. 2434 1012 5th St. N.W. William Ζ. Foster Is Denied Writer's Pass In Germany NEW YORK, April a.—The War Department has refused to permit William Z. Foster, American Com munist Party chairman now on a European tour, to enter the United States zone of Germany as a cor respondent for the Daily Worker, officials of the Communist - Party newspaper said last night. In Washington, a War Depart ment spokesman said that under its "present policy" it could not approve Mr. Poster's application. All correspondents in former enemy countries must be accredited by the department. Alan Max, Daily Worker man aging editor, said its Washington office, when it asked the depart ment why the application was de nied, merely was informed the ap plication had been processed and permission was "not granted." Mr. Max said the newspaper had not decided whether to take further ftçtion. Eviryikiay lor Tear PET FOODS—TOYS TROPICAL FISH SCHMID'S, Inc. WMk. 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