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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 04, 1947, Image 1

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Quid· for Rtadtri
Pa(e. Pace.
Amusements —A-ll Obituary A-14
Comics _B-22-23 Radio Β-S3
Editorial _A-12 Society, Clube_---B-3
Edltorl Articles, A-13 Sports A-20-22
Legal Notices ...A-23 Where to Go B-6
Lost and Pound..A-3 Woman's Page..B· 16
An Associoted Press Newspaper
City Hone Delivery, Daily and Sunday m ΓΊΓΥΦΟ
«Λ- . Unnth When β Sundays. S1.00 Ο ν^ϋί-Λ Χ Ο
Weather Forecast
Cloudy this afternoon, high in upper 60s.
Cloudy tonight, low in upper 40s. Wanner
tomorrow; showers by night.
Temperatures today—High, 53, at 1:10 p.m.;
low, 37, at 6:40 am. Yesterday—High, 56, at
12:56 am.; low, 41, at 11:54 pjn.
(Full Report on Paie A-S.)
New York Markets Closed Today.
"WITH SUHDAY MORNING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 4, 1947—FORTY-EIGHT PAGES
Phone NA. 5000
Drowning Held
Probable Cause
Of Girl's Death
\.
Arlington Coroner
Says Body Was in
Water About 3 Days
(Pictures on Page B-l.)
Drowning was given today as
the probable cause of the death
of pretty, 25-year-old Wynona
Harvey, Philippine Embassy sec
retary whose body was found
sprawled face down in a shallow
stream in nearby Virginia yes
terday afternoon.
While police re-questioned the
girl's former fiance, and sought tc
trace a telephone call she made to
another man Jh New York before
she disappeared Sunday, Coroner W.
C. Welburn of Arlington County ex
pressed the opinion that death was
due to drowning.
Dr. Welburh said he believed the
girl was alive at the time her body
settled in the shallow water in
Rocky Run ander a bridge on
George Washington Memorial High
way, about midway between Rossyln
and Memorial Bridge. He added
the body "presumably" had been
there for about three days, although
there was "only a small amount of
water" in the lungs.
Further Evidence Awaited.
Dr. Welburn declared the opinion
of death from drowning was not
final, and he was awaiting further
evidence from a pathological exami
nation of the girl's stomach and
blood samples from a State lab
oratory at Richmond.
It was learned today that Wash
ington detectives were asked to trace
a telephone call which Miss Harvey
made to her friend in New York
shortly before she left her home in
the 1800 block of Belmont road N.W.,
presumably to visit a sister in near
by Virginia.
New Anile Found.
Checking on the girl's friends and
activities, police today questioned
the mother and two sisters of Miss
Harvey and left headquarters in
Arlington to run down a new angle
In the case which they refused to
discuss at the. time.
The one-timê flance, 23-year-old
Theodore Buck, a Pacific war
veteran, was " brought beck from
Charlottsville, Va., last-night. It
had been learned that Miss Harvey
had met him here last week end,
apparently while under a severe
emotional strain.
The veteran was questioned for
three hours last night and brought
from the jail to police headquarters
shortly before noon today for addi
tional questioning.
Consulted Minister.
Miss Harvey had been subject to
nightmares and distracting doubts
over the wisdom of having broken
off her engagement to Mr. Buck, a
mill worker, in favor of a New York
businessman, investigators learneu.
Miss Harvey's conflicting emotions
were disturbing enough to drive her
in the early morning hours Sunday
to seek the advice of Dr. Frederick
Brown Harris, pastor of Foundry
Methodist Church and former
chaplain of the'Senate.
ur. Harris says ne received me
agitated young woman at 1:30 a.m..
advised her to remain Arm in her
determination, and saw her next at
church a few hours later when she
told him everything was all right.
Young Buck was brought to
Arlington last, night by Capt. Hugh
C. Jones. Arlington detective chief,
and two Washington detectives.
While police would not comment
on Mr. Buck's statements after
questioning him again today, a sister
here said the young veteran came to
Washington Saturday at Miss
Harvey's Invitation and returned to
Charlottesville by bus between 1:30
and 2 p.m. Sunday.
Mrs. G. H. Crickenberger of 2101
North Glebe road. Arlington, wife
of a White House policeman, was
visiting her mother in Charlottes
ville last week end. She said Miss
Harvey telephoned her brother Fri
day night and the two made an
engagement to meet in Washington
Saturday.
Mr. Buck le£ by bus about 1 p.m.
Saturday, Mrs. Crickenberger said,
and returned early the following
afternoon while she still was in
Charlottesville. "
Appears to Have Alibi.
Without going into details. Capt.
Jones, said the veteran appeared
to have an alibi covering his move
ments from Saturday afternoon un
til the time officers held him for
questioning.
Asked if police had any suspects
In mind, Capt. Jones replied, "There
could be plenty!"
Miss Harvey, who lived at 182"!
Belmont road N.W.. had been "an
employe of the Philippine Embassy
since November. A native of Gretna
Va., she was one of nine children
and was last seen when she left home
Sunday to visit a sister in nearby
Virginia.
A workman at 1:30 p.m. yester
day found the girl's body in shallow
(See HARVEY. Page A-5.)
Berkley and 10 Others
Flying totairo Meeting
An 11-men congressional group
headed by Senate Minority Leader
Berkley is flying today to Cairo to
attend the Interparliamentary Union.
Others in the delegation, which
left Washington National Airport at
9:15 o'clock last night In an Army
four-engine C-54 transport plane,
Included Senators Brewster, Repub
lican, of Maine: Ferguson. Repub
lican. of Michigan, and Hatch. Dem
ocrat. of New Mexico, and Repre
sentatives Short, Republican, of Mis
souri; Vorys. Republican, of Ohio;
Talle, Republican, of Iowa: Anton
Johnson, Republican, of Illinois;
Cooley. Democrat, of North Caro
lina; Kefauver. Democrat, of Ten
nessee, and Foage, Democrat, of
ty the A»totio>»d Pr»M
* Texas.
I
I - 9, ë ι* wummtmmmmmi
DEAD GIRL AND FRIEND—Miss Wynona Harvey is shown at
right. With her is Miss Kay Geiger, with whom Miss Harvey
shared an apartment at 2525 Ontario road N.W. until a few
months ago. The picture was taken in a night club here recently.
Selection of Grady
As Envoy to India
Revealed by Acheson
■ ν ;
State Department Official
Believed Truman Had
Sent Name to Senate
By Gornett D. Horner
Henry F. Grady, West Coast
shipping executive and former
Assistant Secretary of State, has
been selected by President Tru
man as the flrst American Am
bassador to India.
This was disclosed prematurely
today by Acting Secretary of State
Acheson, who was under the impres
sion that tfce formal nomination of
Mr. Grady had been sent to the
Senate by Mr. Truman.
The nomination presumably was
ready to go to the Senate, but could
j not be sent today because the Sen
ate was not in session.
Only yesterday President, Truman
1 told his news conference he had not
offered the job to Mr. Grady, and
said he could not answer questions
i at that time on who would get the
annolntment,.
Acheson Takes Chance.
Mr. Acheson was asked at his
news conference when an Ambas
sador to India would be named.
He said today—that the President
was sending the nomination to the
Senate.
A reporter asked Mr. Acheson
then if he could say who the nom
inee was. Mr. Acheson turned to
Lincoln White, State Department
press officer, and asked if he knew
if the nomination had been released.
! Mr. White told him he did not know.
Mr. Acheson then remarked he
would take a terrific chance and
told his news conference Mr. Grady
\ had been selected.
After the news conference had
broken up, State Department of
ficials discovered the nomination
was not being made formally today.
Lonjj Record of Service.
Mr. Grady, now president of the
American President Lines, a ship
ping concern with headquarters in
San Francisco, has a long record of
Government service.
He gained valuable background
for his new assignment in 1942'when
he headed an American technical
mission to India to study ways of
promoting Indian war production.
Asaf All, India's first Ambassador
to this country, presented his
credentials to Mr. Truman about
j two months ago.
Twelve Die in Sinking
Of British Steamer
By th· Associated Press
ROY AN, France, April 4.—Twelve
men died today when the 1,777
ton British Steamer Willodale, out
of Cardiff, sank at the mouth of
I he Gironde River,
Ten other men were rescued.
Late Bulletin
Durant Sessions Here End
The eight-man Army court
trying Col. Jack W. Durant in
connection with the theft of
the Hesse crown jewels ended
its sessions in Washington
today after hearing several
witnesses and will convene
next in Frankfurt, Germany.
The court and Col. Durant
will leave here by plane next
Thursday.
George Says He Backs
Greek Aid Bill as
Means to Curb Reds
Not Merely Relief
Measure, He Says;
Easy Passage Seen
By J. A. O'Leary
Senator George, Democrat, o)
Georgia announced today hi;
support of the Greek-Turkish
aid bill is based deliberately or
the ground it is vital "to check
I Russian expansion now," anc
not merely as a relief measure
The Georgian added his influen
tial voice to the support of th<
$400,000.000 measure amid indica
tions it will have fairly easy sailing
in the Senate.
Witn floor debate due to start
the middle of next week, the bill if
likely to produce at least a week ο
comprehensive discussion of th(
world situation. The Senate Forelgr
Relations Committee approved tbl
measure, 13 to 0, yesterday.
Must Keep Strong.
Senator George declared that 'i
adopting this policy it follows "thai
we must keep strong." Then h<
added:
I "And we must also have the fait!
that a positive policy now assertec
by the United States will bring t<
our aid. and assistance other nation;
who also have a fear of Russlar
expansion."
One of the most significant sign!
of Senate approval was the an
nouncement by Senator Pepper
Democrat, of Florida, that he wil
support the bill, even if it is noi
further amended. Senator Peppei
joined JSenator Taylor, Democrat, ol
Idaho, in sponsoring a substitute
j which was beaten in committee yes·
; terday, to confine the program tc
! non-military aid to Greece alon<
j through the United Nations.
After asserting the bill should no!
j be regarded as a mere relief meas
I ure. Senator George pointed oui
that Russia already controls the
Balkan states to the west, is .defi
nitely in Manchuria, Korea anc
j parts of China. He said "her Ions
arm" also is reaching down U
India.
urecKs ν«π ι owna λι«πγ.
"Greece cannot , stand alone anc
if Greece should fall into the hand!
of Albania, Yugoslavia or Bulgaria
Turkey would be virtually sur
rounded," Senator George continued
"Turkey is the key to the Middl*
East. What Is of vital importance
the Mediterranean would fall ir
the Russian orbit and the poeitior
of whole Western Europe, includinj
Italy and France, woula be gravelj
endangered.''
A week ago it looked as thougi
the opposition was gaining head
way with the argument that this
country was bypassing and under
mining U. N. by taking aid directs
to Greece and Turkey.
Senator Vandenberg, Republican
of Michigan, foreign relations chair
ι man, came forward, however, with
his amendment under which thii
country agrees to discontinue direc
aid whenever U. N. acts to under
take it.
! This gives expression to Americai
j faith in U. N. without leavini
S Greece and Turkey unaided whili
U. N. is deciding what it wants to dp
I The bill will not go through thi
Senate, however, without a com
j prehensive foreign policy debate
; with Senator Johnson, Democrat
I of Colorado ready to carry on thi
ι See FOREIGN. Page A-4.)
U. S. Writers Inspect Pravda,
Gape at Luxurious Fittings
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
Stor Staff Correspondent
M06C0W, April Pravda, the
potînt news organ of the Commu
nist Party, is published in a plant
which resembles an American news
paper office about as much as a
church resembles a music hall.
An awed group of American and
British correspondents here were
taken last night on a conducted
tour oi this journalistic dream
world, where every reporter has his
own office and there Is no such
thing as a city editor.
From the moment we entered
the brilliantly lighted hotel-like
lobby and checked our coats we
knew we were in unfamiliar terri
tory. Sometimes thereafter we felt
as if we were in a swank office
building. Sometimes it was clear
A
ι that wf were seeing a sort of glori
fied Government Printing Office.
Most of th« time It was like beta)
on an ocean liner of luxury type
Long narrow carpeted hallway:
with luxurious ofBces opening of
of them on upper decks—and en
gine room, where a score of Englisi
presses turn out 600,000 copies ο
the paper each hour, churning awaj
below.
We were told that Pravda. whicl
takes no advertisements but has ι
circulation of 2.500,000 in nine cities
pays for Itself.
In the comfortable office of th<
foreign editor, large enough tp ac
commodate 16 of us easily, a corre
spondent named Boris Isakov tolt
as something about what it is likt
to write for this personal voice oi
Big 4 Meeting
Canceled After
Aides Bog Down
Special Committee
Fails to Agree on
Ministers' Agenda
' BULLETIN
MOSCOW <&).—'The Council
of Foreign Ministers meeting
scheduled for tonight was
canceled today when a special
committee working on an
agenda for German political
principles bogged down and
failed to reach an agreement.
By John M. Hightower
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent
MOSCOW, April 4.—The Coun
cil of Foreign Ministers, thor
oughly entangled in disagree
ment, tackled the question of
what form the future govern
ment of Germany shall take
amid mounting evidence today
that the Big Four was losing,
rather than gaining, ground in
the current deliberations.
Already diplomats are beginning
to argue whether the Moscow con
ference should be written off as a
failure.
Gen. Lucius D. Clay's statement in
Berlin yesterday that "all hope has
been given up of reaching a settle
ment on reparations at this confer
ence" was viewed by most Moscow
observers as a correct estimate of
the situation, but some authorities
argued that the final evaluation
could not be made until the last ses
sion is held.
The line taken by these latter is
that the meeting has been useful in
pointing up and dramatizing the
conflicts between the Russians and
the Western powers, while at the
same time providing a rock-bottom
foundation for future negotiation.
Soviet Reply on China Waits.
Meanwhile, official ^sources said
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov. !
'despite his insistent demand for
j American and British reports on ι
China, had thus far failed to fur-1
! nish a Soviet statement in an ex- :
change of information.
April 1 was the agreed deadline
for the exchange of information on 1
; China demanded by Mr. Molotov.
j Secretary of State Marshall sent
Mr. Molotov a statement last Μςο- i
day, a few hours before the dead
I line.
There has been no explanation of
: Mr. Molotov'a failure to give tr.e
1 Soviet sidé.
Meanwhile, η. specinc committee
trying to plan an agenda for to- ;
night's meeting of the Council of
Foreign Ministers on German po- ;
litical principles was repoi ted
bogged down in disagreement. The
members were hopeful, however, |
! of finishing this work by the sched- ;
• uled time of the Council's meeting !
; at β p.m. (10 aan. EST), two hours
later than usual.
Action on Germany Blocked.
The strangling deadlock on the
reparations issue, which Gen. Clay
said could not be settled at this
conference, blocks any actjon on
the economic future of Germany, j
which in turn seems to stymie de- ;
cisive action on the beaten nation's !
political future and other peace
treaty problems.
Gen. Marshall onered a compro
mise on the reparations issue yes- i
terday, but there was no indication
of Russian acceptance.
Last night's meeting brought the
worst round of backtracking to date,
when the ministers failed to main
tain agreements even on points
of democratization and population
>; transfers on which their representa
tives. meeting earlier as a commit
tee, had already reached accord.
Divergence Emphasized.
The discussions, moreover, em
phasized the divergence of views
held by Gen. Marshall and Mr.
Molotov on the proper procedure of
' the conference at this stage.
Gen. Marshall proposed at the
outset that the Council should wash
j its hands of democratization, popu
; lation transfers and denazification
Î simply by approving points agreed
ι on by its committee and passing
ί (See MOSCOW, Page A-4.) j
Molotov Criticizes
lU. S. Aid to Greece
,
lr th· Associated Pr««
MOSCOW. April 4.—Foreign Min
ister Molotov. in the first official
Soviet comment on President Tru
i man's proposed aid to Greece, went
: on record todav in an interview with
ί ; Johannes Steel with the declaratiort
he doubted the plan would "restore
. democracy" there. m
The best way to restore democ
! racy< to Greece would be to do away
J with foreign intervention, Mr. Molo
! tov commented.
The implication that Greece was
no democracy at present was an as
sumption advanced by Mr. Steel.
American writer and radio com
meiîtator, who put the question to
Mr. Molotov in this way: "Do you
believe that President Truman's pro
posed American policy on Greece
wiir restore democracy to Greece?"
Mr. Molotov's declaration on
Greece and other questions came in
! a series of 10 questions and answers
! i put to him in writing by Mr. Steel.
! ; who arrived in Moscow early in the
! conference of foreign ministers.
'I Mr. Molotov stated a compromise
was possible between Russia's pro
posal for a unified Germany and the
i United States plan for a Federal
i Germany, if the questions could be
'decided by a German plebiscite.
Mr. Molotov said he saw a danger
that American proposals for the
1 political organization of Germany
would lead to Germany's dismem
; berment.
The Soviet Minister also said it
was his opinion that the results of
such a development would give
"German militarists and revanch
ists (revengers)" an opportunity to
take the affaira of Germany into
their evil hands.
*
YOU STARTED
SOMETHING, JOHN.
MAYBE WE ά*Ν
. FINISH IT
YheseMINE5
WILL REMAIN
CLOSED
UNTILTHEY
ARE SAFE
Showers Forecast for Easter;
Good Friday Services Held
Temperature Will Be Mild; Thousand*
Of Visitors Expected for Holidays
Good Friday services in Cath
olic and Protestant churches
throughout the city today
marked the beginning of the
Easter week end—a week end
which may be marred by showers.
Thousands of visitors were stream
ing into Washington and the holi
days began for more than 80,000
public school children who did not
have to attend classes this morning.
Parochial school» already had
adjourned for their Easter vacation.
In its forecast the Weather Bureau
predicted that the rain will start
tomorrow evening after a day of
considerable cloudiness. The tem
perature tomorrow and Sunday,
however, will be mild, climbing into
the high 50s. The temperature will
rise today to around 60 degrees and
tonight it will drop to 46.
Thousands of worshipers entered
Washington cnurcnes between noon
and 3 o'clock this afternoon to pray
and meditate on the lesson of the
Savior's crucifixion. Business firms,
Government agencies and District
departments made arrangements to
permit workers to take time off to
attend the services.
Many members of Congress closed
their offices during the three hours
so their staffs could attend. Neither
House was in session.
Catholic churches held their tra
ditional "Stations of the Cross"
services during the day and Pro
testant churches took Christ's "Sev
en Last Words" as the theme of
their Good Friday services.
Cecil B. De Milles motion picture.
"King of Kings," Was scheduled to
be shown at 2 p.m., 5 p.m. and 8
pjn. at the First Congregational
Church, Tenth and G streets N.W.
fSee EASTER, Page A-3.)
Reed Blames Sullivan
For Airmail Deficit
Through 5-Cenl Rate
Backed Lines' Desire
For Poundage at Any
Letter Cost, He Asserts
By Joseph Young
Senator Reed, Republican, of
Kansas today accused Gael Sul
livan, executive director of the
Democratic National Committee,
of having carried out "an in
tensive propaganda campaign
on behalf of the Nation's air
liiies" to lower the airmail letter
rate.
Sharply criticizing the present
Post Office Department airmail
deficit as resulting from the new 5
cent raté, Senator Reed placed the
blame on the airlines and Mr. Sul
livan. Senator Reed, acting chair
man of a Senate Appropriations
subcommittee holding hearings on
the Treasury-Post Office 1948 appro
priation bills, charged that Mr. Sul
livan favored the airlines last year
when he was second assistant Post
master General.
"The airlines wanted reduced air
mail rates because it meant more
volume for them and consequently
more revenue," the Kansan de
clared. "They didn't care about any
deficit resulting from the decreased
rates as long as they got increased
poundage.
OCllttiUX accu uiauc mo winuiciivo
as Post Office Department officials
appeared before the committee to
ask the Senate to restore $3,269,200
of the appropriations request cut
by the House.
Under questioning by committee
members, postal officials acknowl
edged that airmail activities have
been operating at a deficit since Oc
tober, when the 8-cent airmail rate
was lowered to 5 cents. In contrast,
the department's airmail activities
showed a $99.000,000 profit at the 8
cent rate during a four-year period
ending last October, the committee
was told.
Senator Reed was joined by Sena
tors McKellar. Democrat, of Ten
nessee, and Hàyden, Democrat, of
Arizona in demanding that the 5
cent airmail rate be increased to
possibly 7 cents.
Postal officials artced that the 5
cent rate be given "additional time
prove itself." asserting that air
e strikes and plane crashes had
combined to decrease the volume of
airmail.
U. S. Jobs Drop 15,073
In Month, 839 in District
Federal employment decreased by
15,073 persons during February,
leaving a total of 2,286,202 employes
on the Government payroll, accord
ing to the Civil Service Commission.
The number of Government em
ployes in Washington decreased by
839 during the month. There now
are 219,368 Federal workers here.
As usual, the biggest reductions
occurred in the War and Navy De
partments, the two agencies dis
missing a total of 8,737 employee.
The Veterans' Administration added
1.279 employes to its staff and the
Poet Office Department 1,224.
J
Lilienthal Opponents
Concede fight Is Lost
Against Confirmation
Test Vote of 52 to 38
In Senate Generally
Accepted as Decisive
ly th· AsiocIoImI Pr»««
Senate foes of David E. Lilien
thal conceded defeat today in
their long effort to block his
confirmation as chairman of the
Atomic Energy Commission.
A 52-to-38 test vote yesterday was
generally accepted as decisive. The
14-vote margin killed a motion by
Senator Bricker, Republican, of
Ohio to send all the atomic nomina
tions back to committee for an FBI
check.
X lie OCliai/c 10 an uaott.»
recess and the final vote cannot
come until next week. But the fight
was gone out of most of the anti
Lllienthal ferres.
Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio,
who charged that Mr. Lilienthal was
too "soft" toward Communism and
Soviet Russia, said he saw no reason
why the final tally should be much
different from yesterday's vote. He
claimed the outcome was just about
what he thought it would be.
Rest Is Anticlimax.
"The rest of it is anticlimax—just
a routine matter," said Senator
Wherry of Nebraska, the Republican
whip, who took an active part in
the fight to block the nomination.
Eighteen Republcians teamed with
34 Democrats to beat Senator Brick
er's motion. Thirty-one Republic
ans and seven Democrats votjed
for it.
Chairman Hickenlooper of the
Atomic Energy Committee, which
recommended Mr. Lilienthal's con
firmation, looks for a greater margin
on the final vote. Like many other
members, he viewed yesterday's test
as the opposition's biggerit show of
strength. _
Senator Bricker accepted defeat
of his motion with good humor.
"Oh, it's all right," he told a re
porter. "We still vote by ma jorities,
you know."
Senator McKellar, Democrat, ol
(See LILIENTHAL,"Page A-4.)
WAA's Big Advertising Balloon
Becomes an Aerial Derelict
The barrage balloon which has
been flying over the War Assets Ad
ministration's surplus property sales j
center In Southwest Washington
broke from its moorings this morn
ing and disappeared into the clouds
over the city.
The balloon, which is 36 feet long
and 16 feet wide, was last seen about
6,000 feet above the· Northwest sec
tion by aa Army plane coming into
Boiling Field. The derelict was
headed north.
WAA employes said the balloon
"just took off" at 11:05 ajn. It was
moored in the rear of the customer
service center at Third and Jef
ferson drive S W. by a nylon rope.
The Civil Aeronautics Authority
sent out warnings to all commer
cial airports by teletype and to all;
aircraft by radio ft soon as notice
of the escape was reeelved from
the WAA.
"It is definitely % menace to air
i
:raft," a spokesman tor tne caa
laid.
The balloon, filled with helium,
yill go up several miles until the
nside pressure is greater than the
sutside pressure, the WAA said,
rhen, a safety valve will blow and
:he balloon will settle gradually to
ht earth.
The Weather Bureau said that
uwund 6,000 feet the wind was blow
ing toward the northeast at 10 miles
?er hour and assumed that was the
iirection the balloon would take
when it reached .that altitude.
Incidentally, the Customer Service
Center reports it has sold 25 of the
balloons at $104 each (deflated)
since the runaway balloon was flown
ibove the center. Most buyers were
used automobile dealers who planned
to use them over their lots to attract
customers—in much the same man
ner as WAA ww doing.
I
House Members Open
kDrive to Put Teeth
In Mine Safety Laws
Length of UMW Memorial
Walkout Is Uncertain;
Return of Fine Supported
KRUG SAYS INSPECTION at Cen
tralia showed no "imminent" dan
ger. Page A-4
By James Y. Newton
A drive was well underway in
Congress today to put "enforce
ment teeth" in the Federal coal
! mines inspection law, at the
jsame time it remained uncer
tain how many of John L. Lewis'
soft coal miners would return to
work Monday when their six
day "memorial" stoppage is over.
Numerous members of the House
urged new Federal safety legisla
tion after Mr. Lewis' six hours of
testimony before a House Labor
subcommittee yesterday in which
he referred to the mines as "under-,
ground slaughter houses" and de
manded greater protection for the
miners.
Support was evident, too. for the
Lewis proposal that the Govern
ment return the $710,000 contempt
of court fines on him and his United
Mine Workers, plus the $35,000 In
court bond-handling fees, to be used
for support of widows and orphans
Of miners killed in the Centralia
(111.I disaster last week and the
Straight Creek (Ky.) explosion of
December, 1945.
uns λο oacmn; on rvi u j.
But there was ho apparent sup
port for Mr. Lewis' demand that
Congress pass a resolution calling
I on President Truman to remove from
office Secretary of Interior Krug.
ι who was the target of most of the
Lewis oratory in his long appear
| ance before the committee. Mr.
I Lewis found new ways of expressing
i earlier charges that Mr. Krug. boss
I of the soft coal mines under Gov
ernment seizure, was responsible for
the Centralia disaster.
Mr. Krug ordered 518 mines to re
main closed until "unsafe" condi
tions could be corrected. Mr. Lewis,
repeating the charge that only two
of about 2,600 mines now in Federal
possession were found clear of safe
ty violation, left the question of
how many mines his men would
boycott at the end of the memorial
period very much up in the air.
He indicated that more than two
mines would be worked. Efforts of
committee members ^to pin him
I (See COAL, Page A-4.»
Reich Russians Equal Total
Of 3 Allies, McNarney Say s
§y the Associated Press
Gen. Joseph T. McNarney, former
i chief of American forces in Europe,
i said today Russian · occupation
; forces in Germany are now about
! equal to the total of American,
j British and French troops there.
He estimated the British-Ameri
i can-French troops at about 400,000
to 450,000 men and said the Russian
I force has been reduced to about the
same size In recent months',
Gen. McNarney expressed his
views in answer to questions at a
news conference held on his arrival
here today from Germany. .
Clark Upholds
Truman'sRighf
To Seize Phones
Wartime Emergency
Power Held Applicable
In Event of Strike ·
Attorney General Clark said
today that President Truman
has power to seize the Nation'»
telephone lines in event of a
strike, now scheduled for Mon
day.
Leaving the White House after
& Cabinet meeting Mr. Clark told
reporters the power lay in a war
emergency clause of the Communi
cations Act. He pointed out the
clause could be invoked until six
months after formal termination at
the war.
The Attorney Général said Mr.
Truman had not asked for his opin
ion and that the question had hot
been discussed at the Cabinet
meeting.
Mr. Clark said he had studied
the act after reading about the
matter of seizure authority in news
papers. He added he had given his
opinion to Secretary of Labor
Schwellenbach today.
BWixuirj π if pes iur raci.
At that time, he said, Mr. Schwel
lenbach still was expressing hope
the walkout could be averted and y
told Mr. Clark he was planning to
meet with management and union
officials tomorrow.
Meanwhile, there was no hint of a
break in deadlocked negotiations
between labor and management rep
resentatives meeting with Federal
conciliators at the Labor Depart
ment.
As the two conferences in progress
there recessed for luncheon, a de
partment spokesman said there was
110 indication of progress.
The American Telephone Workers'
Union, representing 20,000 long-dis
tance operators and employes in 43
States, was meeting the long lines
department of the American Tele·
phone & Telegraph Co. in one con
ference.
Other Transferred Here.
The other involved the South
western Bell Telephone Co., a key
unit in the Bell system, and the.
Southwestern Telephone Workers'
Union.
The latter series of talks resumed
here today after being transferred
from St. Louis.
Throughout the Nation, the Na
tional Federation of Telephone
Workers, bargaining agent for
287,000 strike-pledged workers be
longing to numerous constituent
unions, was standing Arm, as were
Bell system member companies.
Whether the President will seize
the industry if such powers are
available is something he will an
swer when conditions warrant, he
told reporters yesterday. t
Unions to Obey Law.
John J. Moran, chairman of tele
phone workers' federation Policy
Committee, said however, the unions
would recognize Government au
thority in event of seizure, although
he knew of no authority for such
action.
"If they seize, and theres' a law
against striking, well obey the law,"
he said.
In discussing the possibility of
seizure, Mr. Schwellenbach disclosed
he has not given up on settling the
dispute. Remarking that "they al
ways wait until the last 24 hours
before they start talking seriously,"
Mr. Schwellenbach said day and
night talks would continue.
""(See TELEPHONE, Page A-5.)
South Koreans Will Get
Greater Role in Control
By the Associated Press
SEOUL, April 4.—Maj. Gen.
Archer L. Lerch announced today
that Koreans soon will be given a
much greater role In operation of
their government in American-oc
cupied South Korea.
Future American control, the
military governor explained, will b«
exercised "only to avert govern
mental disaster and not for the
purpose of imposing American idea*
or methods in matters relatively
unimportant."
Outlinnig future American mili
tary government policy, Gen. Lerch
said that with few exceptions Amer
ican personnel will withdraw from
operational activity and will be or
ganized within each province and
within each department as an in
spection group to make recom
mendations and correct faults.
Sunday Reading . . .
At one stage of President
Truman's tenure, the line on
his popularity chart tilted al
most vertically—and it wasn't
pointing up. Paradoxically, he
has fared much better since
the Republicans walloped the
Democrats at the polls last
November. Writing in Sun
day's Editorial Section, Jo
seph A. Fox, The Star's White
House correspondent, analyzes
the ups and downs of the
President's first two years.
A comeback of another sort
is being staged by John L.
Lewis, with the Centralia mine
; disaster serving as a step
! ping stone. James Y. Newton
studies the strategy of the
United Mine Workers' boss in
another Editorial Section ar
ticle.
The 24-page Pictorial Mag
azine joins the Easter parade
with a color cover of a Rem
brandt painting. Special cov
erage is given such topics as
farming and gardening, books,
society, music, sports, amuse
ments and art, rounding out
the usual thorough and ac
curate news content of
fcunhag fciar
ι

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