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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 06, 1947, Image 1

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Heme Delivery
The Evening and Sunday Star is
delivered by carrier in the city and
suburbs at 90c per month when 4
Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5
Sundays.
Telephone NÂ. SMI.
Weather Forecast
Cloudy, windy and warm today, with
occasional showers. High in mid 70s.
Tomorrow, sunny and cooler.
Temperatures yesterday: High, 53, at
1:10 p.m.: low, 37, at 6:48 am.
(Full Report on Pue A-24.)
United States Weather Bureau Report.
An Associated Press Newspoper
WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION
TEN GENTS
Wathlntton
and Suburb»
WASHINGTON, D. C., APRIL 6, 1947 -132 PAGES,
U. S. Stand Against Aggression
Must Be Positive, Ahead of Time/
And Aid to Weak, Truman Say s
Hints Tax Cut Bill
Veto and Pledges
Balanced Budget
(Text of President's speech on
Page A-4).
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman last night
declared the United States must
"take a positive stand" against
aggression in all its forms and
act "ahead of time" to prevent
another world war.
In a Jefferson Day dinner ad
dress to fellow Democrats, the Pres
ident also said that the United
8tates must aid "those peoples
whose freedoms are endangered by
foreign pressures." He particularly
scored aggression "secretly by in
filtration" as well as openly by
armed force.
In addition, the President:
1. Branded- the Republican drive
to slash his 1948 budget as an "invi
tation to disaster."
2. Said the Government has work
ed its way "Into the black"
financially and will finish the 1947
fiscal year with a balanced budget
and a surplus.
3. Called for lower prices to
strengthen the economy, admonish
ing business against "going whole
hog for profits."
4^ Hinted at a tax cut bill veto
by warning against cutting taxes
now rather than making substantial
payment on the public debt, but
promised to support adjustment of
the "too heavy" tax burden "at a
proper time."
δ. Stressed that the United States
"must be strong"—both militarily
and economically—to meet its world
respcmsibllties.
Doesn't Mention Republicans.
Mr. Truman spoke to 2.000 Demo
crats who paid $200,000 to take part
in a Jefferson Day dinner at the
Mayflower Hotel. Similar gather
ings from coast to coast heard his
speech by radio.
Despite the political nature of
the affair which brought the Demo
crats together for the first time
since their November election defeat,
the President carefully steered awsy
from out-and-out politics in his 20
minute talk. He never mentioned
the Republicans by name. In his
only direct reference to the opposi
tion. he praised "members of both
parties who have worked side by
side" in support of this Nation's for
eign policy.
Other speakers who shared the
platform with the President were
not so reticent.
Asserting that "we have the man"
for 1948, House Minority Leader
Rayburn, the toastmaster, jibed at
the Republicans as a "do-nothing"
majority, and declared that "just
as long as the Republican Congress
doesn't do anything, it's better than
if they did something."
"The Democrats are coming
again,'' Mr. Rayburn said, "under j
the leadership we have now in the
White House. There's no one who ;
can match it—big or little."
Gael Sullivan, executive director
of the Democratic National Com- j
mittee. declared that "we answer,
tonight a new call to organize our
party for victory in 1948.'' The same
theme was stressed by Joe C. Carr,
president of the Young Democratic
Clubs of America.
Tribute Paid Roosevelt.
The speakers did not forget to pay
tribute to Franklin Delano Roosevelt, j
Mr. Carr looked to the day when
Democrats will "sit down to dinners"
honoring the 31st President.
There was no mistaking the po
litical implications in the President's!
discussion of the budget, He asserted
that his proposed $37,500,000 budget;
for 1947-48, which has come under
fire of both Senate and House ma
jorities, "marked the borderline be- !
yond which we could not reduce the j
activities of our Government with- .
out enterine the area of false
economy."
The Senate has voted to lop $4,
500.000,000 from this figure, and the
House, $6,000,000,000. Conferees now
are attempting to effect a compro
mise.
"You. my fellow citizens, are
properly cautious oi false economy
in your daily lives." Mr. Truman
said. "If the foundation of your
house needs repair, or if the roof
leaks, you know yon are wasting
money, not saving it, by falling to
make that repair.
"So with the Government. If we |
(See TRUMAN. Page A-4.)
Reynolds' Plane Poised
For Round-the-World Hop
By th· Auocioted Prut
NEW YORK, April 5.—Weather
further delayed the takeoff today
of the converted A-26 Douglas
bnmber in which Milton Reynolds.
Chicago pen manufacturer hopes
to establish an unofficial round
the-world flight record of 55 hours.
Mr. Reynolds said visibility was
expected to clear sufficiently for,
a takeoff between midnight and
1:30 a.m. tomorrow.
The plane, being readied at;
Roosevelt Field, first would go to
Newark airport to take on gas, he,
said, and then would hop off im- '
mediately with William CXfom, 27, of
Roslyn, Ν. Y., piloting the plane.
T. C. Sallee of Roosevelt Field will
be flight engineer and Mr. Reynolds,
an experienced pilot, will be navi- ;
gator.
The unofficial round-the-world
mark of 91 hours was set by !
Howard Hughes in 1938. The Rey
nolds route via Paris. Cairo. Cal
cutta, Shanghai, Tokyo and An
chorage, Alaska, will be 6.000 miles
longer because the Soviet Union
refused permission to fly oyer its
territory. Frederick Lamb. Mr Rev-;
nolds' trip director explained. There!
la no official record. '
Wallace Is Absent, but Pepper
Attends Jefferson Day Dinner
Former Secretary of Commerce, Leaving
For Europe Tomorrow, Gives Ticket Away
I Henry A. Wallace, who was
ousted as Secretary of Commerce
by President Truman last year
in a foreign policy controversy,
did not attend the Jefferson Day
dinner at which the President
spoke last night
John Redding, Democratic Na
tional Committee publicity director,
said Mr. Wallace had one of the
$100 reservations but gave his
ticket to Leslie Douglas, his son
in-law. Mr. Wallace's views were
criticized recently by Gale Sullivan,
executive director of the committee.
Sam O'Neal, retiring publicity di
rector for the committee, said Mr.
Douglas explained that Mr. Wallace
was leaving Monday for Europe and
could not attend the dinner because
he felt he could not spare the time
from his preparations for that trip.
Senator Pepper, Democrat, of
Florida, who was named by Mr.
Sullivan along with Mr. Wallace
as one of those whose support would
not be asked by the national com
mittee in 1948, was present.
Senator Pepper sat at a table
immediately In front of the rostrum.
I where the President sat with Mrs.
; Truman and their daughter, Mar
: garet.
! Senator Pepper told a reporter
he was surprised that Mr. Wallace
did not attend the dinner.
"I had lunch with him and
naturally supposed that he would
be here tonight," the Senator said.
"Incidentally," Senator Pepper
added, "I have been served the same
food that everybody elso here has,
and I feel that I am just as good a
Democrat as any one else."
Elliott Roosevelt, son of the late
President, sat at a table in front of
Mr. Truman with his wife, Paye
Emerso. They had arrived with
Senator Pepper.
George E. Allen, a presidential
intimate and former RFC director,
sat at an adjoining table with
several of the White House staff.
Albert Chow, San Francisco Chi-!
nese Democratic leader, came to the '
President's table at one point to!
shake his hand.
Democrats from far and wide ]
crowded into Washington for the
dinner. Mr. Redding said they j
showed "en air of confident de- i
termina tlop." I
Moscow Conference
Makes Slight Gains
On Regime for Reich
Seven Administrative
Agencies Agreed On
Under Allied Control
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
Star Staff Correspondent
MOSCOW, April 5.—The Coun
cil of Foreign Ministers, catch
ing the Easter spirit, actually
reached some minor agreements
this afternoon.
The ministers compromised some
of their views on the provisional
German government and central
administrative agencies which,
they hope, will eventually ta.te over
the direction of the daily aiTairs
of an economically unified Ger
many.
Since they have yet to agree on
how to unify Germany economi
cally. their prpgtess was only theo
retical. It provided holiday relief,
anyway, from the customary frus
trating grind of this stalemated
conference.
Anjry Words Exchanged.
All was not sweetness and light:
in the day's discussion, however.
Angry words, some of the angriest ;
of the conference, were exchanged
in the session of the Co-ordinat
ing Committee. They had to doj
witn a touchy subject—the prob-j
lpm of whether Germanv should
havp a state police system such
as she had under Hitler and Rus
sia has under Stalin.
But for the first time, the Big
Pour found themselves harmoniously
aligned behind the idea of central
German administrative agencies
operating under supervision and
direction of the Allied Control j
Council. The agencies would deal
economically in the fields of finance, ;
industry, transport, communication, j
foreign trade, fopd and agriculture.1
Unity was developed when the
United States. Britain and Russia ac-1
cepted the first two points of French
Foreign Minister Bidault's proposal
on the establishment of the agencies. ;
Strangely, only final French ap
proval now remains in doubt. The
Big Three rejected the second half
of the French proposal, and Mr.
Bidault announced that France con
siders her program for the agencies
as one integrated whole which
means something else when its parts
are taken separately.
Advisory Council Plahned.
The last part of the French oro
posal called for the setting up of
German executive commissions to
work with the agencies in each of
the specified ecohomic departments.
It registered France's reservation
that the plan wouldn't affect the
Saar or prejudice the future settle
ment of the problem of the Ruhr
and Rhineland.
Today's meeting also developed an
agreement that within three months
of the establishment or the central
administrative agencies a second
step toward German self-govern
ment should be taken with the set.
(See NOYES, Page A-4.) *
Few Miners Expected
To Return to Work
Tomorrow Morning
District Leaders Order
Men to Stay Out Until
Safety Is Certified
By the Associated Près»
PITTSBURGH, April 5.—Strong
indications that a large portion
of the Nation's 400,000 soft coal
miners will remain idle after
Sunday midnight were seen to
night in orders issued by some
United Aline Workers district
leaders backing up UMW Presi
dent John L. Lewis.
After Mr. Lewie asked Interior
Secretary Krug to close all but two
of the country's more than 2,000
bituminous mines—and Mr. Krug
refused — scattered UMW district
officials began directing locals to
stop certifying mines as safe until
Federal inspectors approve them.
West Virginia and Pennsylvania,
the Nation's first and second coal
producing States with 100,000 miners
each, were among the first to feel
the effects. Two of three West Vlr- j
ginia district offices sent out "stop !
certification" orders and at least two j
Pennsylvania district heads took !
similar action.
600 to Stay Out In Utah.
Some 600 Utah miners will con
tinue their holiday at least through j
Wednesday wnen investigation 01
four mines ordered shut down as
unsafe will be completed, Federal
inspectors reported today.
Earlier, Houston Martin of Rock
Springs, Wyo., president of the Utah
Wyoming district of the United
Mine Workers (AFL), said the union
would not permit the men to return
to the pits until Federal inspectors
approve them.
For the most part, the remainder
of the 4,000 UMW miners in the
State appeared to be ready to return |
to work Monday.
Without a doubt, a general soft
coal shutdown would hit coal-re
la ted industries, particularly steel,;
very hard. Industrial leaders gen
erally refused comment, but they
pointed out coal stock piles were
normal. "Normal" was not further'
explained.
In the Pittsburgh district, U. S.
Steel was forced to curtail opera
tions this week because of a lack
of coke. The coke-producing bee
hive ovens are manned by UMW
members.
Certifications are Slow.
Few persons cared to hazard a i
guess on how many mines would!
reopen Monday, following end of;
(See MINERS, Page A-6.)
Vacationist Blown Up
NORWICH, Norfolk. England, April
5 —George Johnson, vacationing
at the seaside, was blown up by a
land mine today. He left his com
panion, Winifred Fox, to find a
way up a cliff from the beach. She
heard an explosion, and when she
reached the spot found only his
shoes.
Questioning of New Yorker Fails
Τ ο Pierce Harvey Death Mystery
v<uesnorung οι vyyuoxia narvey e
New York friend yesterday failed
to produce new evidence in the mys
terious death of the Philippine Em
bassy secretary, police revealed last
night as they indicated the investi
gation was stalled until the cause of
death is finally determined.
After three days of talldnf to the,
25-year-old girl's twa. wiown men
friends and her relatives ancr room
mates, police investigators were still
uncertain whether the girl waf
murdered, died by accident or com
mitted suicide.
Dr. H. S. Breyfogle, Virginia's
chief medical examiner, expects to
have a report ready Tuesday based
on an analysis of the girl's stomach
contents and body tissues.
Some detectives privately pre
dicted the final report will reveal In-1
Uicaiions Ui pULSUII. XMCOC Ui»ODU
gators tended toward the view the
girl died by her own hand, but they
were at κ loss to explain why she
would choose lonely Rocky Run in
nearby Arlington County as the
scene of her death.
Capt. Hugh C. Jones, Arlington
detective chief, went to New York
in hope that Andrew Gilchrist, 48
year-old New York friend of the;
dead girl, would shed some light :
on the girl's death but drew a blank
there, too.
After more than two hours of
questioning, the dapper export com
pany executive emerged smiling
from the Irvington-on-Hudson po
lice headquarters where he went
voluntarily to talk with Capt. Jones.
The detective chief told reporters
(See HARVEY, Page A-12.)
Lewis Rebuffed
On Proposal to
Keep Mines Shut
Government Heading
To New Showdown
With UMW Chief
<Texts of Lewis and Collisson
letters on Page Α·6.)
By James Y. Newton
The Government last night
headed into another showdown
battle with John L. Lewis, flatly
rejecting a "request" of the min
ers' chief that all but two of the
2,531 soft coal mines in Govern
ment possession be closed for
safety reasons.
Mr. Lewis's action posed the pos
sibility of another shutdown of the
mines when his six-day "memorial"
work stoppage for miners killed in
the Centralia (111.) disaster ends at
midnight tonight.
He asserted in a letter to the In
terior Department's Coal Mines Ad
ministration, operator of the Gov
eruillciiL-ocxi&cu jpiwsj υιιαυ uiujr ι<wu
of the mines are safe and "officially
requested" the remaining 2,529 be
closed until re-examined and certi
fied as safe by Federal inspectors.
Rejection of the Lewis suggestion
involved what one official described
as "a high administration policy de
cision." It was indicated that
President Truman was consulted
and it was known that Attorney
General Clark gave his advice to
Secretary of Interior Krug before
the decision was made to turndown
the belligerent miners' boss.
Five-hour Conference.
Mr. Krug held » five-hour con
ference with high officials in his
office after the letter containing
the Lewis shutdown request was
received about 1 p.m. John F. Son
nett, first assistant Attorney Gen
eral, and an assistant, attended the
conference, along with Navy Capt.
Ν. H. CoUiseon, coal mines admin
istrator, and other officials.
Mr. Sonnett led the successful
prosecution of Mr. Lewis and the
United Mine Workers for contempt
of oourt, resulting from last fall's
coal strike, and it was said the
Government was determined to do
battle again should the miners,
remain away from work en mass
this Week. Mr. Lewis and his union,
it was pointed out, still are under
court injunction against a strike.
Mr. Lewis' letter requesting the
mine shutdown was directed to
Capt. Collisson. The letter carry
ing the Government's answer bore
the naval captain's signature, al
though it was drafted carefully
by Mr. Krug and the other con
ferees. Mr. Lewis and Mr. Krug
bave had no direct exchange,
verbal or written, since Mr. Lewis
was taken to court in President
rruman's "finish fight" with him
last November.
No Answer from Lewi*.
There was no immediate answer
from Mr. Lewis to the rejection
of his closure suggestion. This left
up in the air the matter of how
many of the 400,000 miners will
show up for work tomorrow. How
ever, it was pointed out that in
the past the miners have stayed
out with r.o direct word from union
headquarters.
Mr. Lewis has accused Mr. Krug
of "criminal negligence'' In con
nection with the death of 111 min
ers at Centralia, because of "lax
lt.v" in pnfnrrinc the Federal Mine
Safety Code, provided for in the
Krug-Lewis agreement under which
the Government has operated the
mines since last May.
A possibility was that the miners
would work mines as directed and
thus try to throw full responsi
bility for any ensuing accidents on
the Government.
Unable to Agree.
In his answer to Mr. Lewis, Capt.
Collision stated:
"I have carefully considered your
request and am unable to agree
that I should follow the arbitrary ■
procedure of closing down th$ en-j
tire soft coal industry when the
Krug-Lewis agreement itself pro
vides a means by which the union
may guard against working in un
safe mines."
He pointed ο (ft that the Krug
Lewis agreement provides for the;
"prompt cloeing" of any mine the
individual union mine safety com
mittee- considers "too dangerous to
operate."
Capt. Collisson then quoted an
exchange between Mr. Lewis and
Representative Nixon, Republican,
of California, during Mr. Lewis'
testimony on mine safety before a
House committee Thursday.
Mr. Nixon had asked the union
boss what mines would reopen at
the end of the "memorial" period,
and when the answer was not clear
to him, commented :
"'That is an indication that as
far as you are concerned that there
are only two mines to which the:
men are going back?'
"Mr. Lewis: 'No. no. Again the
rule of reason enters into it.'"
Win Use Hole of Reason.'
Referring to Secretary Krug'e
order closing 518 mines as danger-;
ous, Capt. Collisson wrote he "ac
cordingly" weald "use 'the rule of
reason'" in reopening the mines
tomorrow.
He then explained that mines to
(See COAL, Page Α-β.)
- r r
Who Said That White House Egg-Rolling Has Bteen Abandoned?
Easter Crowds Watch Weather;
Thousands at Dawn Services
Rain Is Forecast From 10 to 3 O'Clock;
Traffic to and From City ts Heavy
Crowds of Easter visitors con
tinued to stream into Washing
ton today with an anxious eye
on the Weather Bureau's predic
tion of light showers this morn
ing and afternoon.
Thousands of church-goers arose
early to attend one of the 13 sunrise
services here, and others will pack
churches throughout the city later
in the day to mark the date of
the Savior's resurrection.
Rain Is due by 10 o'clock this
morning, but is expected to end by
3 this afternoon. Otherwise, the
weather should swell Connecticut
avenue promenades of Easter finery
arid visita to landmarks of the city.
Temperatures, the weathermen said,
will hover around the 70s all day.
The thermometer is expected to
drop sharply tonight. But skies
should clear, according to the fore
cast, with the promise of clear
weather for picnics and egg-rolling
in parks and recreation areas to
morrow.
Clarence A. Arata, of the Greater
National Capital Committee, held
to his estimate of 150,000 weekend
visitors to the city. The Influx falls
below the 1939 peak of nearly 200,
000, but still equals most of the big
prewar years, he added.
Of the busiest week-end spots
in town Is the Board of Trade's
housing and information bureau In
the lobby of The Star Building. With
hotels jammed to capacity, about
85 visitor? were placed yesterday at
tourist campe, the bureau reported.
More fruitful was the informa
tion desk, whieh handed out dogens
(âee eXsTeII, Page A-ll.)
House Groups Study
U. S. Worker Practice
Of Piling Up Leave
Some Members Express
Criticism of Lump-Sum
' Payments on Dismissal
By Joseph Young
The various subcommittees of
the House Appropriations Com
mittee are delving quietly into
the terminal and sick leave
benefits of Government workers,
it was learned last night.
While there is no officiai inves
tigation of Federal employes' leave!
privileges, the chiefs of Govern
ment departments are being ques
tioned closely on the subject as they
appear before the subcommittees
on their 1948 appropriation requests.
Some committee members have
expressed criticism of the terminal
leave lump sum payments made to
Pederal employes who' leave the
Government. These outgoing work
ers are paid for all the annual leave
privileges they have not used.
Hard Hit by Dismissals.
This was brought into sharp focus
recently as Government agencies
which were hard hiV by personnel
reductions-in-force found that they
did not have enough money to pay
terminal leave to all of the dis
missed employes.
Although no suggestion has been
iicaiu Ci in U avvi UVU RUiluui »VV> ' —
privileges be taken away from dis
missed employes, there appears to
be a definite feeling that Federal
agencies should be careful In the
future not to allow workers to pile
up unused annual leave.
Government workers are granted
26 days annual leave each year, but
many employes prefer to accumulate,
their vacation time and take a longer
vacation at a later date. Federal
officials point out, however, that
much accrued annual leave resulted
from the war period, when agencies
asked their workers to forgo vaca
tions to aid the war effort. During
this period Congress allowed Federal
workers to accumulate as much as
90 days annual leave. With the re
turn to a peacetime basis, the max
imum accrued annaul leave allowed
is 60 days.
Officials Called Careless.
An influential member of the House
Appropriations Committee said he
thought that Federal department
heads were "careless about getting
their employes to use up their an
nual leaves once the war ended."
"Government officials knew that
some day they would have to start
ordering mass dismissal of all their
war service employes, but they failed
to order these workers to use up
their annual leaves," he said. "As
a result it Is coating the Govern
ment a lot more money."
Regarding the 15 days sick leave
granted Federal workers annually,
several House members feel that
some Government employe· take
unfair advantage of this benefit.
However, Chairman Taber of the
House Appropriations Committee
said there was no official check M
the situation being conducted by
his group, although he added that
"It's probably coming up from time
to time as the subcommittees con
sider the appropriation requests."
Another member of the Appro
priations Committee said be ap
(See LEAVE, Page AT)
Federation of Citizens
To Study BudgetNeeds
Of District Agencies
5-Man Group Appointed;
Members Urge School
Courses on Driving
A study of all departments of
the District government to de
termine their budget needs was
ordered last night by the Fed
eration of Citizens' Associations.
The survey was recommended by
President Clifford H. Newell, who
immediately appointed a five-man
committee to carry out the work.
"In view of the tax and appropri
ation studies on Capitol Hill," Mr.
Newell declared, "I think we would
be derelict in our duty if we didn't
look into bureaus of the District
government to see how money is
being spent.' '
The study, which Mr. Newell said
has "complete sanction" of the
Commissioners, will be made avail
able to the Federation's Fiscal Rela
tions Committee for its testimony
before the House and Senate Dis
trict Committees. Particular at
tention, he said, will be given the
Department of Public Welfare and
the Health Department, "both of
which claim they do the same
things."
Members of the committee in
clude J. B. Dickman, jr., of the
North Cleveland Park Citizens' As
sociation; Milo H. Brinkley, George
town; C. D. Wagner, Benning; John
N. Weber, North Bandle, and E. L,
Springer, Forest Hills.
The Federation also urged that
driving courses be started in all high
schools for students who want tc
take them, adopting a resolution
of the Burroughs Citizens' Associa
tion.
The resolution asked for class
room instruction ta driving tech
nique until cars can be obtained
R urged quick purchase of dual
control cars, and asked a change
in traffic regulations to permit lssu
(See FEDERATION, Page A-2.)
Τelephone Points at Issue
Unions and Company Give Their .Views
On Principal Demands Made by Workers
The Impending telephone strike
results from the, breakdown in con
tract negotiations between Bell Sys
tem member telephone companies
and constituent unions of the Na
tional Federation of Telephone
Workers.
In Washington, the stalemate in
volves the Chesapeake and Potomac
Telephone Co., the District Federa
tion of Telephone Workers (com
mercial and plant employes and the
Telephone Traffic Union (oper
ators).
Theoretically, negotiations have
been on a local bads, but the out
come here, as elsewhere, is linked to
"pattern" conferences in progress at
the Labor Department. These talks
concern contracts covering workers
ta the Long Lines Department of the
^American Telephone and Telegraph
Co. and in the Southwestern Bell
Telephone Co.
Throughout the Nation, union
demands are uniform on wages,
union shop, vacations, pensions,
due· checkoff and certain clauses
affecting working conditions. Other
demands have been added by local
unions in various cities.
! These are the contentions of
union and management on principal
issues in the dispute here:
Wage*—
The unions: A basic increase of
$12 per week is justified by the
increased cost of living since the
last general wage boost and by
individual inequities which exist
between telephone workers and
workers in other industries.
The company: An extensive study
of wages paid for comparable
work in other busniesses here re
veals no justification for a wage
increase at this time. Further,
the company feels, as a utility
subject to rate regulation, it must
consider effect on the public in
increased rate· which would be
(See ISSUES, Page A=3.)
Greek Aid Approval
To Sidetrack Tax Cut,
Senator Johnson Says
Foreign Relations Group
Asks Earliest Possible
Action on Program
By J. A. O'Leory
Passage of the Greek-Turkish
aid bill will shove Income tax re
duction plans "into the back
ground," Senator Johnson, Dem
ocrat, of Colorado predicted last
night.
The Coloradoean based his pre
diction on his belief that the $400,
000,000 project may lead to much
larger obligations if Russia takes
notice of American financial assist
ance to the Turkish army. He is a
member of the Finance Committee,
which soon will consider the $3,800,
000,000 House-approveçl tax cut bill.
Earlier yesterday, the Senate For
eign Relations Committee made
public its formal report, urging
"earliest possible action on the
Greek-Turkish assistance program.
It warned that "delayed action
might prove more ineffectual than
no action at all."
Seeks Several Amendments.
The: committee report agreed with
the State Department view that
helping Greece and Turkey to re
tain their independence will be a
step to preserve world peace.
Senator Johnson, a leading op
ponent of the bill in its present form,
sees in it the danger of war. He
will lead a flght in the Senate this
week for several amendments.
Calling attention to the proximity
of Turkey to Russia, Senator John
son said he believes Russia "has got
to take notice of this" program. He
added: "
"So, quite naturally, it puts tax
reduction clear in the background.
We've got no business considering
a tax cut with this threat of war."
The bipartisan backing which
brought the Greek-Turkish bill out
of committee by a 13-to-0 vote is
expected to guide it through the
Senate without material change.
Opponents indicate privately they
do not have much hope of putting
through any major amendments.
Debate Scheduled Wednesday.
The foreign policy debate is
likely to start Wednesday and con
tinue for a week or 10 days, with
Chairman Vandenberg in charge of
the measure.
In answering a Senate question
naire recently, the State Depart
ment expressed the opinion that
"the Soviet Union would not be
entitled to interpret the proposed
assistance as an unfriendly and
overt a,ct on our part, Justifying
retaliatory measures on the part
of the Soviet Union. The assistance
proposed is not directed aganist
any legitimate interests of the
Soviet Union."
The Senate committee report yes
terday explained that, of the $400.
000,000 total in the bill, $300,000,000
is for Greece and the remainder
for Turkey.
Half of the allotment to Greece
will go to equip its armed forces to
cope with guerilla bands within its
borders. The other half will be for
(See FOREIGN, Page A-6.)
11th Hour Talks
Seek to Avert
Phone Walkout
Schwellenbach Still
Hopeful; Union Chief
Sees No Chance
With Labor Department trou
ble shooters tolling fur into the
night, Secretary Schwellenbach
said last night he still had hopes
of settling the telephone indus
try dispute before the Nation
wide strike set for β ajn. tomor
row.
But this optimism was not re
flected by Joseph A. Beirne, presi
dent of the National Federation of
Telephone Workers, who saw little
hope for averting a walkout of
325,000 union members from coast
to coast.
Terming negotiations "a farce,"
Mr. Beirne said he had refused
a Government suggestion that h·
outline terms the union would b·
willing to arbitrate with the Ameri
can Telephone & Telegraph Co.
on an industry basis.
Mr. Schwellenbach played an
active part m negotiations yester
day, conferring separately with Mr.,
Beirne and C. P. Craig, A. T. & T,·'
vice president, while Conciliation"
ocrvice V^UUIUIISOIUJICA S tuuuuvrev*
two bargaining meetings here and
a score more through the Nation.
Reports Some Progress.
The secretary sounded the first
note of encouragement since Labor
Department intervention by report
ing "some progress on local issues
has been made in some local
negotiations today."
"Anything can happen between
now and Monday morning," he
added. "I am asking All phone em
ployes to remain calm and to keep
working until they learn the results
of these eleventh hour discussions.
"We hope as the deadline ap
proaches, the realization of what
the strike will mean to the workers,
to the companies and to the public,
will lead both sides to open their
minds and to take a more reason,
able attitude than they have so far*
More than 7,000 Chesapeake β»
Potomac Telephone Co. and West
ern Electric Co. workers in the Dis
trict and nearby Maryland are
poised to quit their posts at the zero
hour.
Would Be Biggest of Kind.
Like workmen in most States they
will be backing up demands for $13
more in weekly wages, a union shop
and other considerations. It is the
biggest communications strike ever
planned in this country.
Mr. SchwellenbaCh's request for
workers to remain on the job until
tomorrow evidently was occasioned
by a union official's prediction that
New York employes would "Jump
the gun" on the strike hour.
As John Gibson, Assistant Secre
tary of Labor, and Conciliation
Chief Edgar L. Warren directed
discussions into the night, it ap
peared the negotiators were doomed
to spend Easter at the Labor De
partment.
jDciuiiu tue Bume mix eau βμλλι
the possibility of Government seiz
ure under a provision of the Fed
eral Communications Act. Official·
remained silent as to whether Pres
ident Truman intended to invoke
this statute, but Secretary Sch*fel
lenbach already has said that seizure
was objectionable where there was
a chance for settlement.
Police Committee Meeting.
Mr. Beirne shuttled back and ,
forth yesterday between the Labor
Department and the Statler Hotel,
where the NFTW's 49-member
policy committee is meeting. The
committee will have the final say
in accepting any condition that wfll
head off a strike.
Emerging from the Schwellenbach
conference, Mr. Beirne said he told
the secretary the policy committee
would entertain any "concrete pro
posal" by the Government for ·
settlement, including arbitration.
The Labor Department's sug
gestion of arbitration on an in
dustry basis suggested to him that
negotiations on a local level had
broken down. Mr. Beirne added.
Week's Delay is Rejected.
Mr. Beirne rejected a suggestion
by three leaders of religious group·
that the disputants extend negotia
tions a week beyond the strike
deadline. and then submit any (
points left unsettled to industry- j
wide arbitration.
"The reason we cannot at thic
♦ i' m A AmK^nXfi η nt aaIt *■ #4 «1 a ir Km
cause we have put through three
montns of negotiation and an ad
ditional week would be meaningless
in our view because we could not
honestly expect an attempt to sin
cerely bargain," Mr. Beirne said.
In thus decreasing possibility of
a strike postponement, Mr. Beirne
said the clergymen's proposal to
consider industry-wide arbitration
was the first public interest ex
pressed with regard to the method
that should be employed In settling
the dispute expeditiously.
Company Reports Stalemate.
The leaders of the religious faiths
who issued a joint statement are
Rabbi Aaron Opher, Synagogue
Council of America; the Rev. Cam
eron Hall. Federal Council of the
Churches of Christ in America, and
the Rev. Raymond A. McOowan,
National Catholic Welfare Confer
ence.
A company representative for on·
of the two groups bargaining là
Washington reported a stalemate in
negotiations.
George C. Gephart of St. Louis,
vice president In charge of personnel
for the Southwestern Bell Telephone
Co., said the union made no answer
to a company offer to arbitrate the
entire question of wages. Mr. Gep
hart indicated the company had
made its best offer and that the
next move was up to the union.
No progress reports came out of
separate conferences being held for
company and union delegates from
(See TELEPHONE. Pag· A-3.)
Radio Programs, Pg. C-8
Complete Index, Pg. A-2

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