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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 07, 1947, Image 4

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Banditry and Filching
Charged After Probe of
Union in Philadelphia
ly th* Associated trm
New laws to suppress ‘‘racket
eering" In labor unions were
urged today by a congressional
committee which accused lead
ers of a Philadelphia teamsters’
local of practicing “unprincipled
banditry” and “fUchipg” union
funds. *
The recommendations came from
a House Expenditures subcommittee
inquiring into the enforcement ol
present laws designed to bar racke
teering in the movement of inter
state commerce.
An Intermediate report called at
tention chiefly to the affairs ol
Local 939, International Teamsters
Union, AFL, Philadelphia. But it
said the nation's “economic liberty"
Itself is threatened by a lack of
legal safeguards against “corrupt"
labor practices.
Say* Record 11 mac*.
Tracing rthe operations of the
union since its establishment in
1941, the subcommittee declared
that “the record of the investiga
tion * * * is replete in its portrayal
of as definitely arrant and unprin
cipled banditry as any heretofore
shamefully recorded.
“That such lawlessness mas
queraded under the guise of union
activity only- serves to illustrate the
ease with which, in the present state
of Federal laws, persons of evil
intent may falsely pose as the bene
factors, protectors and exponents of
the cause Of labor, while simultane
ously using labor’s banner as a cloak
ta shield their own extortionate ob
. jectives.” s
Members Held Victimized.
The 37-page report said “the rec
ord convincingly established that
«iues-paying members of the local
itself were mercilessly victimized by
arbitrary and oppressive fines per
emptorily levied without charges,
hearing or trial and by the filching
of the income and the funds of the
local’s treasury.”
The subcommittee named Harry
"Turk” Daniels and Abe Goldberg—
alternatively president and secre
tary-treasurer of the local—as the
leaders of a union "Hierarchy”
which it said dominated the local’s
affairs and those of Philadelphia’s
Dock Street Market with the threat
of compliance “or else.’ ’
Compulsion Outlined.
The report claimed the union had
forced all persons regularly em
ployed in the loading, unloading,
sorting, grading, packing or selling
ef produce in Philadelphia—includ
ing employer merchants—to become
dues-paying members, subject to
fines, assessments and the rulings
of a "kangaroo court” from which
they have no appeal.
“Not so much as an ear of corn or
a single head of cabbage coming
into this domain could be moved
one inch except in the manner pre
scribed by -the hierarchy without
Incurring their displeasure and in
viting consequences of significant
effect.” the subcommittee said. •
It is asserted that Mr. Goldberg
and Mr. Daniels issued their "or
ders” with a “significant 'or else’.”
It gave its interpretation of what
that meant in these words:
"When directed to a huckster, ‘or
else’ meant anything from a vicious
street beating and mauling * * • to
the upsetting of his cart, the loss
Of his produce and the denial of his
right thereafier to make purchases
in the market.
Businesses Threatened.
"When directed to a merchant,
'or else’ meant his business would
be closed down. * * •”
The report declared at one point:
“It is absurd to contend that by
the process, of issuing them a char
ter the AFL licensed these persons
to steal and defraud. Yet the evi
dence is clear that is precisely what
transpired here.”
It said the subcommittee had
found “startling revelations” to
“warrant the conclusion that the
local’s funds had been filched and
its treasury systematically raided
at the will and fancy of those to
whom it was entrusted.”
Among the specific complaints
the committee made against the
union’s actions were these:
Moneys were regularly demanded
• * * as "initiation fees and dues”
which were not such at all but “in
fact were paid and received as
an 'unloading charge’.”
"Fines were mercilessly levied in a
promiscuous and high handed man
ner on members and non-members
Farmers Paid Fees.
A farmer attempting to bring his
own produce to market had to pay
a union initiation fee of $25 and
dues of $4 a month, the report said.
In Philadelphia, Attorney Edward
pavis, counsel for the union during
hearings by the congressional group,
told reporters:
“There will be no comment, until
we have a chance to study the re
port itself.”
Representative Hoffman, Repub
lican. of Michigan, chairman of the
subcommittee which drafted the
unanimous report, contended in a
supplemental finding that the ad
ministration in general and the
Justice Department in particular
have failed to enforce existing laws.
The most recent of these was
added to the statute books last year
when a law originally passed to
deal with gangster tactics was
amended to apply specifically to
labor unions. The act makes it an
offense to interfere with interstate
commerce by extortion, intimidation
or violence.
Subcommittee members who signed
the report with Hoffman are Rep
resentatives Busbey, Republican, of
Illinois; Snyder, Republican, of West
Virginia; Dorn, Democrat, of South
Carolina, and Hardy, Democrat, of
i Continued From First Page !
whose freedoms are endangered by
outside pressures."
Senator Johnson said he inter
prets the Truman doctrine to mean
shat "it will be our policy to take
©tie side or another in every civil
war that comes along.”
While Senator Johnson said he
believes his amendment will have
"substantial" support. Senator Con
nally. Democrat, of Texas, said
sponsors of the bill will fight against
i« acceptance.
Senator Connally is ranking mi
nority member of the Foreign Re
lations Committee.
Earlier Chairman Vandenberg of
the committee went on record, in
a talk with a reporter, as favoring
the establishment by the United
Nations of a policy by which a
imi .. .. - --
LEARNING TO SWIM—J. E. Coulter (extreme right), aquatic director at the YMCA, instructs
Ralph Whelan, 11, of 2118 P street N.W., on the fundamentals of swimming. Ralph is a mem
ber of the first class in The Star and YMCA sponsored learn-to-swim school which started today.
About 500 will take their lessons at the “Y,” with over 100 applicants referred to the Boys’ Club.
—Star Staff Photo.
“Big Five” nation could vote no
in the Security Council without au
tomatically exercising a veto.
Only Applicable to Greece, Turkey.
Senator Vandenberg said, in ef
fect, that is the positipn the United
States would take on extending its
aid to Greece and Turkey if Con
gress adopts his amendment to the
pending bill. It would not, however,
apply to any other question in the
Security Council.
The Senator’s amendment pro
vides that the U. N. can halt the
American action any time the in
ternational organization is pre
pared to take over the assistance
progran^ if two-thirds of the Gen
eral Assembly or 7 of the 11 Se
curity Council members favor such
Byrd Asks Survey of Assets.
Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Virginia
asserted that the ultimate cost of
supporting “free peoples” would
"certainly be immense.” He pro
posed that Bernard M. Baruch be
appointed by the President to make
a survey of total American assets
and balance them against expected
Senator Byrd said in a statement
yesterday that such an inventory
should “show how much we can in
crease our public debt without the
danger of Insolvency; how much we
can collect in taxes without de
stroying the profit motive; the ex
tent of our national resources and
what will happen when our present
inflated tax revenues decline.”
A balance sheet like this, Senator
Byrd said, "would do much to clear
the minds of millions of Americans
who are asking themselves the ques
tion; Where are we going and can
we pay our way?’ ”
The Virginia Senator said that
since July 1, 1945, the United States
"incident to this new global policy”
has embarked on a foreign assistance
program calling for a total outlay
of almost $16,000,000,000. He said
that for the next 15 months alone
this country’s foreign commitments
total $7,043,100,000, exclusive of the
Greece-Turkey funds.
(Continued From First Page.!
its position announced last autumn.
The Bell System units have refused
a wage offer, but have agreed to
extend present contracts, and in
most cases have offered arbitration
of the wage question alone on a
local level.
What reaction the strike will
bring from the President and Con
gress was of prime concern to union
and company alike.
The House Labor Committee has
ready for floor action—when mem
bers return from Easter recess on
Wednesday—a bill that would direct
Mr. Truman to seek Court injunc
tions when such a strike threatens
sharp curtailment of communica
The Senate Labor Committee
similarly was reported planning in
junctive weapons in its general la
bor bill.
Several States Escape.
Pickets were parading from coast
to coast as the carefully prepared
walkout began. Some States—such
as Virginia, New Jersey and Indiana
—escaped local interruption when,
special laws forestalled the strike.
The New England States, Nevada,
Northern California and parts of
Montana, Illinois, Wisconsin and
other States also escaped because
the NFTW is not entrenched there.
But with emergency long distance
calls alone accepted, almost every
community was affected, business
and private conversations cut to a
bare minimum.
Throughout the night Labor De
partment lights burned as Mr.
Schwellenbach directed unsuccess
ful attempts at a strike postpone
ment. He and top department con
ciliators pounded away at the idea
of arbitration, but nowhere would
either side yield in its previous posi
Schwellenbach Persistent
After the secretary's suggestion of
a 48-hour delay had been turned
down, the NFTW’s Policy Commit
tee retired at 1 p.m. Even then the
Labor Department did not give up.
At 4:30 am. Mr. Schwellenbach
began his final dramatic effort, ask
ing the union to rout members of
the Policy Committee out of their
Wearily, those members who could
be found assembled in the Labor
me secretary Kept inem waning
there while he used the telephone.
To whom he was speaking was not
divulged, but it is believed he was
seeking some concession from C. F.
Craig, vice president in charge of
A. T. & T. personnel.
Mr. Craig was on hand last year
when a last-minute settlement
blocked a strike. But this time it
was not so easv.
When Mr. Schellenbach complete ,
| his talk it was five minutes b' -»re j
j the zero hour. Sleepily, tb com- j
I mittee members filed out and Mr. |
! Beirne announced the strike was on ;
Earlier Mr. Schwellenbach had
sought a peace instrument in sepa
rate talks with Mr. Craig and Mr.
Beirne, while Assistant Secretary
John Gibson and Conciliation Chief
Edgar L. Wfuren sought to break
the stubborn resistance in the two
union-company meetings here.
Renewed arbitration offers were
made by the Southwestern group,
which represents five States and 34,
000 union workers. But the union
continued to hold out for arbitra
tion of all points in dispute.
(Continued From First Page !
the Pittsburgh area is 310,000 tons.
All 16 Pittsburgh district mines of
the United States Steel Corp., lead
ing steel producer, were closed,
prompting a curtailment of about 20
per cent iii blast furnace operations.
A Navy spokesman said that in
the Pittsburgh area “40 or 50 Fed
eral inspectors are working 17 to 18
hours a day” to pass on mine safety.
The Pennsylvania Railroad fur
loughed 1,500 train crrwmen on its
Pittsburgh division and said addi
tional furloughs were expected. The
division’s movement of coal cars
dropped from 26,000 a week to an
anticipated 4,000.
During the six-day mourning pe
riod called for the Centralia disaster
many UMW leaders urged the min
ers not to return to mines until they
were certified as safe.
Steel Cuts Back Again.
The first efTect of the prolonged
mine work stoppage on coal-depend
ent industried was reported in
Pittsburgh, where the United States
Steel Corp. said additional curtail
ments equivalent to 2% blast fur
naces had been ordered. United
States Steel had ordered cutbacks
equivalent to 5t4 blast furnaces dur
ing last week’s "mourning period."
Curtailments now are equivalent
to eight blast furnaces at a loss of
7,000 tons of pig iron daily in the
Pittsburgh district, a steel spokes
man said. United States Steel in
cludes Youngstown and Lorain, 40
blast furnaces, some of which are
down at all times for repairs.
Industrial sources were loath to
comment on what the effects of a
prolonged work stoppage would be.
Plants, generally, got through the
nouming period with little disrup
tion because of adequate stockpiles.
But a continued tieup of bituminous
production would be a different
The troubled situation in the coal
Helds sprang from determination of
John L. Lewis, UMW president, not
to send his men into mines he
branded unsafe. He demanded all
but 2 of the 2,531 soft coal mines be
closed until federally inspected.
Secretary Krug refused.
That exchange largely halted the
orderly process by which the 518
nines the Government called unsafe
were being certified as safe by joint
agreement of operators and union
safety committees. Union district
leaders took the position that only
Federal inspectors could pronounce
the pits safe.
Meanwhile, Secretary Krug called
on the governors of 15-coal mining
States to “correct dangerous con
ditions” in 162 mines out of the
government’s reach because they
are not Federally managed.
Haiards Are Emphasized.
Referring to his own action in
operating under government seizure,
Secretary Krug wrote that he had
taken steps, where he had the
authority, “to correct outstanding
dangerous conditions.” The workings
are to remain closed until certified
He told the governors that the
Centralia disaster "emphasizes the
hazards of coal mining' and the need
of greater efforts to prevent mine
The Government, he pointed out,
has no authority to direct collection
of unsafe conditions in mines not
under Federal management. He
offered the governors any assis
tance his department can give.
Appended to the letter was a list
of the 162 mines, by States, and
explosion hazards in them reported
by Bureau of Mines inspectors.
The list showed 77 mines in Illi
nois, 19 in Ohio, 16 in Pennsylvania,
16 in West Virginia, 8 in Kentucky,
S in Indiana, 4 in Alabama, 4 in
Oklahoma, 3 in Virginia, 2 each in
Colorado, Tennessee and Montana,
and 1 each in Utah, Washington
and Wyoming.
In general, the manes are non
union workings or are manned by
members of the Progressive Miners
Union and were not affected by last I
year’s United Mine Workers strike.!
Pacifists on hfth Avenue
Snarl Up Easter Parade
ly th« Auocictvd Pr*u
NEW YORK, April 7.—Placard -
bearing demonstrators snarled traf
fic yesterday * 4 downtown Fifth
avenue interaction—at the peak of
New York record Easter parade.
Poller arrested 10 Of the demon
strate i on disorderly conduct
cl” ges and said they were mem
bra of the War Resisters League
and the New York Fellowship of
Reconciliation, both described as
pacifist groups.
Some of the placards read ‘Food
Not Guns” and “Would Jesus Send
the Navy to the Dardanelles?”
Handbills distributed by the
demonstrators attacked President
Truman’s proposal for aid to Greece
and Turkey, denounced Communism
and asked if the United States
would gamble on an atomic war
“to protect oil interests and the
capitalist system in the Near East.”
Senators Hear Plea
To Salvage Division
Of Labor Standards
By Joseph Young
Fighting for its life, the Labor
Department’s Division of Labor
Standards appealed to the Senate
today to authorize its continuance
as "an agency which works to pre
vent costly industrial strife, job ac
cidents and the spread of child
William L. Connolly, director of
the division, appealed to a Senate
Appropriations Subcommittee to re
verse the House’s action in elimi
nating the bureau, as the commit
tee opened hearings on the Labor
Department's 1948 appropriations
The division, which acts as a
clearing house with the various
States in the field of labor legisla
tion and education, prevention of
child employment and the promo
tion of industrial safety, was pro
vided no money by the House for
the 1948 fiscal year. Instead, the
House approved $217,000 for alloca
tion to other bureaus within the
Labor Department to carry out some
of the division’s functions.
The other $625,000 requested by
the division for its .other activities
was not granted by the House.
"Economy in the Long Run.”
Asserting that the division was an
essential part of ttie department,
Mr. Connolly declared:
“I hope you will give serious con
sideration a& to whether it is not
economy in the long run, to continue
an agency which works to prevent
costly job- accidents, prevent costly
industrial strife, prevent the spread
of child labor and prevent the de
velopment of irritation and head
aches that can be resolved by Fed
eral State co-operation.”
Mr. Connolly said if the division
Is eliminated the Labor Depart
ment’s “intimate contact with the
States will be lost. • • • It would
seem the part of both wisdom and
sound economy to have a small divi
sion in a department to which States
can bring their gripes and their
problems. You know everybody will
agree to co-operate in broad general
principles. But co-operation is only
achieved by resolving specific prob
lems from day to day.”
Tyson Testifies.
The witness told the committee
“you won’t get the States coming
to discuss and resolve their prob
lems frankly unless they can come
to an agency which has won their
William S. Tyson, the depart
ment’s solicitor, asked that the
$500,000 House slash in the solicitor's
funds be restored,
Mr. Tyson told the committee that
his division, which does the legal
and enforcement work of the de
partment, would have to "curtail or
eliminate altogether" many of the
functions it is now performing.
Regarding the wage and hour and
the child labor laws, Mr. Tyson said:
“It is clear that instead of being
able to achieve proper enforcement
we would, even with our best efforts,
be able to do only an ineffective
Estimate Cut $755,000.
The solicitor’s original request for
$1,251,000 was cut by the House to
$755,000. The office asked the Sen
ate to restore this amount plus
$8,000 for traveling expenses.
Mr. Tyson said his division already
has a backlog of cases which is
“gradually growing larger because
we do not have sufficient attorneys
to keep up with the work.” If the
House cuts are allowed to stand, he
said, his division would be forced
to reduce its staff from 223 em
ployes to 154. This would mean a
cut of 35 in the field (10 attorneys
and 16 stenographers) and 34 in the
Washington office (24 attorneys and
10 stenographers).
In addition, the division would be
forced to close seven of its 13 re
gional offices, Mr. Tyson declared.
The Labor Department’s total budget
estimate of $103,578,700 was cut by
the House by $13,714,500, or around
13 per cent below budget estimates.
Bessie Beatty, 61, Dies;
Former Editor of McCall's
By th« Associated Press
NYACK, N. Y., April 7—Bessie
Beatty, 61, radio comipentator and
former newspaperwoman and editor
of McCall’s Magazine, died yester
day at the home of friends.
The wife of Actor William Sauter,
she had conducted a daily morning
radio program in New York since
1940. Previously she had written
for the Los Angeles Herald, San
Francisco Bulletin, Good House
keeping and Hearst’s International
Magazine, Century Magazine, Chris
tian Science Monitor and New York
Poet. She lived in New York.
She was a writer for Metro-Gold- i
wyn-Mayer and in 1932 was co
author of the Broadway play, ’•Jam
boree." She served as editor of
McCalls from 1918 to 1921.
Queensland Island, Australia, is
seeking buyers for 30 torn of
mother-of-pearl shell.
Girt Rules Adoption
Is Illegal Without
Consent of Father
The United States Court of Ap
peals ruled today that the consent
of an acknowledged fatter was
necessary in order that his illegiti
mate child be adopted by foster
The court also held that District
Court must ascertain whether the
father has consented where the
parent is available.
In its ruling, the appellate court
affirmed the District Court decision
which refused to allow adoption
after ascertaining that the father
had objected.
Child Born in 1044.
The child in question was born in
1944. Subsequently, the father mar
ried the mother. Under law, names
in adoption cases are not made
The father was in naval service in
the Pacific when the mother signed
a consent to the adoption, It was
said. Later, the mother sought to
withdraw consent and vigorously
opposed the adoption.
In an early hearing the District
Court had allowed the adoption, but
the Appellate Court remanded the
case to District Court for a further
hearing. After the second hearing,
the District Court refused to allow
the adoption. It was this refusal
that the Court of Appeals today af
Consent Necessary.
The Appellate Court decision,
written by Justice E. Barrett Pretty
man, declared:
“The statute in this jurisdiction
Is clear beyond any possibility of
doubt, that if the natural father of
a child bom out of wedlock ‘has
both acknowledged the adoptee and
contributed voluntarily to its sup
port’ his consent is necessary to an
adoption, unless certain conditions
are shown which do not appear and
which the court did not find in the
present case.”
The father in the present casejiad
contributed to the child’s support.
The court ruled that a father to
have a right to a child must ac
knowledge parenthood.
Chief Justice D. Lawrence Groner
and Justice Bennett Champ Clark
heard the case with Justice Pretty
i ■ i i n*ii
Aiconoi diii
(Continued From First Page.l
of alcoholics through medical and
scientific treatment. The clinic is
to have a classification and diagnos
tic center. It would be headed by a
"qualified medical man” and have
other employes.
The bill authorizes appropriation
of $100,000 for the fiscal year 1948
and “thereafter such additional
sums as may be necessary to carry
out the purposes of this act.” The
persons to be treated are those
“found to be alcoholics by the courts
of the District of Columbia.”
Several other District bills were
approved by the committee and will ]
be reported to the House for action
next District day.
Unanimous approval was accorded ,
the measure to direct removal of •
stone piers on West Executive ave
nue between the White House
grounds anti the State Department. ,
Other BHis Approved.
Also approved by the committee
were bills which would:
Permit Juvenile Court to waive
jurisdiction over cases of children 1
charged with capital offenses. 1
(Enlarge the jurisdiction of Mu
nicipal Court by raising the mone
tary limit from $50 to $200. On this
bill, however, the committee raised
the permissive fine from $200 to $500
and eliminated one section, which ,
would have applied to bogus checks
and false pretenses. This left the ■
present provision of law in effect
on these two charges.
Broaden the licensing powers of
the District ‘ Commissioners in re
gard to buildings, requiring a license
for each business or each building
under their jurisdiction.
Assure seniority rights to members
of the Police and Fire Departments
lost because of service in the armed
Vivisection Measure Tabled.
The committee tabled a bill which
would have prevented vivisection on
living animals.
Passed over by the committee for
future consideration was a measure
to provide a $480 yearly allowance
for each of three police inspectors
for the use of their private auto
mobiles on public business.
Chairman Dirksen also announced
that when the committee holds
hearings on a date yet to be fixed
about complaints against the Dupont
Circle underpass, testimony will be
heard from both the District Com
missioners and business interests in
the vicinity who have registered
Brig. Gen. Gordon R. Young, En
gineer Commissioner, has been In
vited to submit data to justify the
increased labor and material costs,
Mr. Dirksen said. The job originally
was estimated to cost about $2,750,
000, he said, but now Is expected to
run as high as about $3,800,000.
Dr. Daniel W. Giles
Funeral Rites Wednesday
Funeral services for Dr. Daniel
W. Giles, 51, a Washington dentist
since 1924, who died unexpectedly
Friday in Gallinger Hospital, will be
held at 1 p.m. Wednesday.
The Rev. James O. West, rector
of Calvarv Episcopal Church,
Eleventh and G streets N.E., will
officiate at the services at the Rhines
funeral home. Burial will be in Ar
lington National Cemetery.
Dr. Giles, a native of Amelia
County, Va., had lived in Washing
ton since 1905. After serving with
the Army in France during World
War I, he entered Howard Univer
sity and was graduated from the
School of Dentistry there in 1924.
He was a member of Chi Delta Mu,
a dental fraternity, and belonged to
the Howard University Alumni As
sociation and Calvary Episcopal
Church. He lived at 1200 Linden
street Ni.
Surviving are his mother, Mrs.
Hattie B. Giles of the Linden street
address; Mrs. Marion Campbell,
1891 Alabama avenue SB., and three
brothers, Lewis W. Giles, 4428 Hunt
place N.E.; Robert W. Giles, 863
Twenty-first street N.E.. and Ed
ward W. Gile$, New York City.
Dr. DeSchweinitz to Speak
Dr. Karl DeSchweinitz of the
American Council of Education, will
lecture on the process of translating
law into benefits and services at 8
pjm. Thursday at Howard University
library. Dr. DeSchweinitz is director
at the Committee on Education and
Social Security of the council.
■ ..........mm u ——■ —
I ! i
lylMAwcM Ptm*
Hen is a, brief outline a? the
telephone strike situation. State
by State:
NEW YORK—Picket lines were
formed around at least five upstate
New York Telephone Co. buildings
as upstate members of the NPTW
and the Empire State Telephone
Union (independent) joined the
strike. The strike was 100 per cent
effective in the New York City long
lines department.
pHIO—Union employes in Cleve
land touched off the walkout.
GEORGIA —A union spokesman
said pickets sufficient "to maintain
tn orderly and effective strike while
observing the law” were planned in
Seorgia, which recently enacted a
law. banning mass picketing. The
Atlanta Police Department said it
tiad police posted at all company
jloyed operators were crossing picket
ines in Philadelphia. A Bell spokes
nan said service within the city and
State was normal, but calls outside
he State were being delayed.
he Kansas City area left their job
ind picketing began shortly before
$ a.m.
OKLAHOMA — Pickets took up
posts before 143 Southwestern Bell
Telephone Co. exchanges at 6 am.,
when more than 5,000 union work
ers went on strike.
distance service workers went on
strike. Other services were not ex
pected to be affected.
NEBRASKA — Northwestern Bell
Telephone Co. workers left their
fobs and established picket lines.
md SOUTH DAKOTA—Nearly 8,
300 members of the Northwestern
Union of Telephone workers went
m strike. Management personnel
Kras trying to provide service to ap
proximately 100 towns isolated by
i snowstorm in Western Minnesota
uid Eastern North Dakota.
Wiovv/nauv — auc *
Guild of Wisconsin said all the
State’s Bell system plants struck at
5 a.m. A spokesman for the Wis
consin Telephone Co. advised the
public there was "no possible as
surance emergency calls would be
LOUISIANA—About 3,000 workers
went on strike in New Orleans.
Picket lines formed before all tele
phone exchanges in the city.
IOWA — Hie Northwestern Bell
relephone Co. said approximately
100 management personnel would
try to do the work of approximately
5,000 union workers on strike in the
INDIANA —Long distance lines
were operating in the State with
iperators on the Job, under the
3tate’s new public utility arbitra
,k>n law.
ILLINOIS—Local service in Chi
cago and about 10 large downstate
cities having dial phones were un
ified ed. Local service was on an
emergency basis only in more than
i dozen other large cities having
nanual service. The Illinois Bell
relephone Co. reported 924,904 dial
chones and 1,193,230 manual tele
phones in, the State.
MICHIGAN—A union spokesman
ermed the strike 100 per cent el
ective. Long distance service and
;he use of some 300,000 manual
phones in the State were greatly
: urtailed.
DELAWARE — Workers were on
Idty and there was no picketing.
CALIFORNIA—Approximately 10,
>00 workers were involved in South
ern California and the union said
lome 10,000 women operators had
igreed to respect picket lines>
Pickets appeared before company
luildings in San Francisco.
WASHINGTON —Picket lines
[armed before 38 telephone com
seny buildings in Seattle.
MAINE—The four crewmen of the
A. T. & T. Co.’s overseas long-wave
receiving station struck the plant.
A supervisor said he believed the
absence of the workers would pre
clude normal operations, although
an attempt would be made to con
tinue normally.
CONNECTICUT—Service was gen
erally normal except in Greenwich
served by "the New York Telephone
Co., whose employes are on strike.
The rest of the State is served by a
company whose employes are mem
bers of an Independent union.
ARKANSAS —2,500 employes on
strike. The largest cities, Little
Rock and Part Smith, with dial
systems, were not affected. Super
visory personnel were attempting to
handle manually operated systems.
TEXAS—Union spokesmen esti
mated 18,000 phone workers were
out. Dial phones are in all the
principal cities and local calls were
not immediately affected.
ALABAMA—Approximately 3,000
telephone workers were out In the
State, including 1,200 in Birming
ham. Dial phones functioned in all
major cities.
mately 7,000 employes of the Moun
tain States Telephone and Tele
graph Co. struck. Pickets were
posted about headquarters of the
firm in Denver.
TENNESSEE—An estimated 2,500
workers left their jobs in Central
KENTUCKY—In Louisville, 2,150
out of 3,000 employes sthick.
* ‘ " ----
Clay Says Recovery
Is Now Up to Germans
By th» Asio<iat*d PrMl
FRANKFURT, Germany, April 7.
—Expressing satisfaction at what
has been accomplished in the Amer
ican occupation zone in Germans*
since the end of the war, Gen.
Lucius D. Clay declared yesterday
that responsibility tor recovery and
rehabilitation now rests largely on
the Germans themselves.
“When the difficulties of the sit
uation are considered, we have
more reason to be surprised at what
has been possible than at what we
have not yet been able to do,” the
commander of American forces in
Europe said in an Army Week state
Gen. Clay conceded that “we have
yet to fulfill our mission of achiev
ing a durable peace,” but added:
“We have reached that stage of
our occupation in Germany when
the responsibility for recovery and
rehabilitation rests largely upon the
shoulders of the Germans.
“The German people in our oc
cupied areas are now ruling them
selves bv government which 'they
have elected. * • * From a period
of rigid military control we have
emerged through a transition of
close supervisory government to one
of Inspecting and reporting on the
progress that the Germans are mak
Nearby Fires Sweep
200 Acres, Destroy
3 Garages and House
Fire companies in nearby Mary
land and Virginia were kept busy
yesterday fighting bush fires that
burned more than 300 acres, de
stroyed an unoccupied house and
three garages and damaged a second
The house destroyed was near
Branchville, Md., where companies
from College Park, Berwyn Heights.
Branchville, Hyattsville and River
dale Heights worked more than two
hours before bringing the bush
flames under control.
A fire in the Beltsville area de
stroyed three of a row of four ga
rages at the Delhaven Tourist Court
on the Washington-Baltimore bou
levard, the Prince Georges County
Fire Board reported.
At one time there were as many
as IS calls for five engines on the
switchboard of Prince Georges
County Fire Board, the dispatcher
said. Many times he said he had
to radio to firemen before they re
turned from one fire to go to an
A *1C aOOXOWUltC Vi aiA iUC wili
panies was Tequired to bring a fire
near Bright Seat, Md., under control.
A woods Are near Penn Daw, south
of Alexandria, damaged a two-story
brick and wood house, firemen re
ported. Fire equipment from Alex
andria. Mount Vernon, Fort Belvoir,
Penn-Daw and Franconia responded.
This fire burned more than 75 acres
of heavily wooded areas near the
Hybla Valley Airport.
Another large bush fire near Great
Falls was brought under control by
use of back Ares, according to the
Herndon (Va.) Fire Department.
It took eight hours to bring these
flames under control, firemen said.
No homes were damaged, however.
Firemen in both Maryland and
Virginia expressed the belief that
most of the fires were started by
carelessly tossed cigarettes.
Dionne Brother Weds,
Quints Are Bridesmaids
By tho Associated Press
CALLANDER. Ont., April 7.—The
Dionne quintuplets were bridesmaids
today for Miss Jeanette Guindon at
her wedding to their eldest brother
Ernest, 20.
The Rev. Rene Lamoureux read
the marriage service in the chapel of
the Dionne home. The 12-year-old
quintuplets and their sisters sang
“Ave Maria.”
Ernest Dionne assists his father,
Oliva Dionne, in operating a farm.
Miss Guindon was a teacher.
how to Save Ttfatey
Financing Your New Car .
At Wariiiogton Loan, whether or not yon are a depcaitor, yott
may finance up to two-thirds of the price of year new car pins |
{fee premium on the required insurance, at the low race of;
*3 p#r *10022 ptf ywr
Suppose your new car is to coat. _ • ■ > $1500.00
You pay one-third . . . ■ • « • • 500.00
Balance on purchase price r * ■ • » $1000.00 j
Reouired insurance premram • • • . 80XX>ii«eM«t
Amount to be financed $1080X)0 ?
Finance charge 52.40
Total amount of note . «.«••• $1112.40 \
Payable in 12 monthly payments of . . $92.70
Payments can be spread orer 15 month*, if you prefee.
How to Apply for a Loan
t. Apply now at either of our conveniently located offices and t.
be ready when your new car becomes available.
2. Call National 3440, ask the auto loan officer to tnafl to ym
an application for an auto loan. |
3. Tell your dealer you want to finance your car through Tbt
Washington Loan and Trust Company. §
Why Not Finance at This Bank and Saoc Monoyl j |
i » i i

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