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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 10, 1947, Image 2

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New Strike-Curb Bill
Reaches Voting Stage
In House Committee
A stiff new bill to put the
brakes on strikes and unions
reached the voting stage in the
House Labor Committee today.
Traces of opposition to it still
smoldered among some Republican
members. Several Democrats, get
ting their first look at the terms,
were ready to swing on it with all
their power.
The bill, with a couple of changes,
got the approval yesterday of Re
publican leaders and the policy
shaping Republican Steering Com
One change would provide a
period of mediation and arbitration
for settling strikes, such as the
telephone row, which the bill de
fines as affecting the national
health, welfare and safety. The
other W'ould remove a proposed ban
on the union shop if both man
agement and labor want one.
W'ould Ban Closed Shop.
The bill still would forbid the
closed shop, under which an em
ployer may hire only union mem
bers. Under the union shop non
union men may be hired, but they
must Join the union soon after going
AM tie A MA«t«l/v11
Representative Landis. Republic
an, of Indiana, next in rank to the
chairman on the Labor Committee,
told a reporter:
“It still would take away many
things unions consider fundamental.
Industry-wide collective bargaining,
for Instance.
“I hope the committee puts in
some kind of language so that I can
go along with the bill.”
« He said, too. the check-off method,
by which an employer collects dues
for a union by taking them out of
the workers’ pay, ought to be “auto
/natic,” or at least left to collective,
bargaining. The bill allows the
check-off only if individual em
ployes authorize it in writing.
Sees Solid GOP Backing.
Chairman Hartley stood by a pre
diction that all 15 committee Re
publicans will vote solidly to bring
the bill before the House, although
some might attach “reservations"
and support additional changes on
the floor.
He called the committee to an aft
ernoon session to vote on the meas
ure section by section.
Mr. Hartley said in a formal
statement that the proposed “labor
management peace act” of 1947 does
three things:
‘Tirst, it takes the subject of la
bor relations out of the area of
politics and false premises and
places it firmly on the principles
implicit in the Constitution of the
United States.
“Second, it defines the rights of
the public, the employe, the union
and the employer to the end that
industrial disputes may diminish
in number and decrease in destruc
Public Interest Paramount.
“Third. It sets up machinery to
insure that the new national policy,
which recognizes that the public in
terest is paramount, shall be hon
estly and efficiently administered."
A strike affecting the national
interest would be handled by giving
the Attorney General the right to
ask for a court order to stave off
or stop the tieup.
The ihjuncition would be good for
75 to 90 days. During that time,
mediation and arbitration would be
tried. If that failed the union still
could strike, but the Government
could also get another injunction
and try again.
Mr. Hartley's statement said the
bill would replace the present Na
tional Labor Relations Board with’
a new one which would not act as
“prosecutor, judge and jury." Its
only duty would be to decide labor!
A new. independent administrator
of the labor relations law would
Investigate cases, present them to
the board and take decisions into
court for enforcement, if necessary.
Mr. Hartley said the new board
would be prevented from repeating
what he called mistakes of the old
“We attempt to do away with!
practices of certain unions that the
board has condoned and even en
couraged, notwithstanding that the
practices were against the interests
of tljp public and even against the
Interests of members of unions and
of workers generally," he said.
"Among these are strikes to com
pel employers to deprive employes
of their rights under the act, il
legal boycotts, violence, mass picket
ing, industry-wide bargaining, strikes
against public health and safety
and dictatorial control of workers
by unscrupulous union leaders.”
The bill, he said, assures workers
freedom >n organizing and bargain
ing by provisions to make unions
more democratic.
Across the Capitol, indications
were that a milder bill before the
Senate Labor Committee probably
will be toned down even more when
the members start voting on It to
•As It stands, the preliminary’
Senate draft outlaws the closed
shop, authorizes temporary injunc
tions to block serious strikes, pro- i
hiblts secondary boycotts and juris
dictional strikes, and makes numer
ous Wagner Act changes designed
to "restore justice in relations be-j
tween employers and employes." !
Senator Morse. Republican, of ■
Oregon and four of the five Demo
crats on the 13-man committee are
expected to line up against the bill
on the ground it goes too far. They
are confident that Senator Aiken.
Republican, of Vermont will join
them, and they are counting also
on help from Senator Ives, Repub
lican. of New York.
Senator Morse, a former member
of the War Labor Board, told a re
porter "every employer in Afneri- j
ca" should oppose the bill “because ;
it will create bitter feeling between!
himself and his workers."
He said the measure "has in it;
all the mtflor defects of an omnibus j
bill." What is needed. Senator;
Morse declared, is separate legis
lation dealing with individual is-;
sues, "such as amending the Wag
ner Act to hold unions responsible !
for unfair labor acts and responsible
for breach of their contracts.”
Margaret Truman Goes
Home for Wedding Role !
By ih* As*octciT*« Sr«»
INDEPENDENCE. Mo.. April 10 — 11
Margaret Truman, daughter of the ,
President, arrived by train last 1
night from Washington.
Miss Truman will be maid of!
honor Saturday afternoon st the
weddir.; of Miss Man- Shaw of In- j
dependence and William Coleman,
Greece Is Poor I
By Ravages of I
By Constantine Brown
Star Fenian Affairs Analyst
ATHENS (By mail ).—Greece re
sembles in many ways the swath
of destruction left by a tornado.
Everything appears disorganized and
broken, except the spirit of the
Greece received her independence
in 1830 and the anniversary is cele
brated in Athens with more military
display than is customary on the
Fourth of July in the United States.
This year the streets of Athens
'were lined with a mass of people
■watching the small army garrison
parade. Some armored ears and
j antiquated tanks led a column of
several thousand Infantrymen who
! paraded before the late King
| George II.
The crowd applauded and lustily
cheered this relatively unimportant
disolay of force, and sang warlike
songs which my interpreter told me
ended with the refrain "On to the
fight, our brave soldiers." This
seemed quite incongruous to for
eigners who knew that the bulk of
the Greek forces concentrated on
; the Epirus and Macedonian borders
were fighting for their lives to pre
vent a foreign invasion.
Greece is a poor country and lacks
just about everything, in varying
degrees. She has had few years of
peace since 1912. when the First
Balkan War broke out. After the
Second Balkan War she entered
World War I on the side of the
Greece attempted to expend far
beyond her meager means after 1919
when she tried to establish herself
Foreign '
(Continued From First Page.)
full-time debate on this major for
eign policy move, with every indica
tion the bill will receive overwhelm
ing approval sometime next week.
The opposition will offer a series
of amendments, designed to elimi
nate the limited military assistance
to the Greek and Turkish armies,
but thus far the opponents them
selves have not reflected much opti
mism over their chances of suc
Of the total in the bill *300,000.
000 is earmarked for Greece, the bal
ance for Turkey. In Greece about
half the money will go for bolster
ing the civilian economy. The re
mainder will be used in both coun
tries chiefly for supplies and equip
ment for the armed forces.
Assurances Cited.
The State Department has given
Congress assurances, however, there
is no intention of sending troops.
Only small Army and Navy missions
will be sent to supervise distribu
tion. Supporters of the bill also
insist that helping the existing gov
ernments of Greece and Turkey to
survive will do more to preserve
peace than if they collapse.
While the Senate proceeded with
debate, the House Foreign Affairs
Committee ended public hearings
and began closed-door deliberations.
It will have the bill ready for House
action by the time it passes the
Senator Connally* speech was in
contrast to the earlier discussion
of the bill by Government witnesses
who spoke only of “outside pres
sure” on Turkey and said the armed
bands in Northern Greece are being
aided by “neighboring countries.”
“There may be those who will
ask,” said Senator Connally, ‘by
what countries are the safety and
independence of Greece threatened
and the Integrity and sovereignty
of Turkey endangered'?
Domination Charged.
“It is well known that Albania,
Yugoslavia and Bulgaria are com
pletely under the domination and
control of Soviet Russia. They have
embraced, either willingly or under
the threat of overwhelming armed
forces, the doctrines and ideologies
of Soviet Russia. They are the ob
sequious sycophants of Soviet Rus
sia and her doctrine of infiltration
and military and political pressure
looking to the subjugation of its
victims. The world needs but to
look about at the unfortunate situa
tion of Poland, of Czechoslovakia,
with a great and glorious history
and of Romania, to know how the
Russian system has engulfed these
unfortunate lands and broken the
spirit of their people.
“Even now in Moscow, Soviet
Russia is delaying and blocking
action on a peace treaty for Ger
many. She has an ambition to
establish a dominant influence in
Germany and to bring a large part
of the territory of Germany within
the Soviet system. We want to see
Germany re-established, but she
must be stripped of her military
power. * * *”
ai uui§ awuvut
Senator Connally warned that, if
"Greece and Turkey should fall
under the sway of Soviet Russia,"
Italy and then France would be
the next objectives.
The Texan said the United States
wants Russia to have her own gov
ernment “within her own borders,
but no farther." Russia has a right
to select her own system of govern
ment. he continued, “but she has
no right by political pressure, by
the threat of armed force, to sap
the strength of independent and
sovereign peoples and to so enervate
them and. strip them of their
strength as to be able to bring
them under her dominion."
After listing the total of Amer
ican lend-lease to Russia to pre
serve her security, the Senator in
quired: "Why does she now oppose
our extending similar aid to Greece
for the same purpose?"
Senator connally said that since
World War II ended this country
has indulged the hope that in peace
Russia “might be our allv as well
as in war." Then he listed the steps,
’•eferred to earlier. Russia should
take to indicate a desire for contin
ued friendly relations.
urges ttenswnw.
"In all candor and frankness, one
of the motives that prompts me to;
support this measure is resistance:
to the aggressive expansionist doc-!
trines of Soviet Russia.” the Texas
Senator went on. "Free and inde-j
pendent nations must not be de
stroyed. Her conquest of these keys,
to the Mediterranean, to the Middle)
Bast and to the F’ar East in her mad
narch toward world dominion must
je arrested. Aggression feeds upon
>ach success. It is urged on to
>ther conquests, to greater domln-j
on. to a more sweeping extermina-l
ton of governments and systems
mtii an outraged world resists and
jvercomes and drive* back its bar
>aric system. • • •
"It is my view that the United;
States must be frank with Russia
<nd that we must demand frank
ness of the Soviets. There is no
ienial that one of the cardinal pur
poses of this bill is to enable Oreac*
Nation, Hard Hit
sequent Wars
as the foremost East Mediterranean
power by conquering a large slice
of Anatolia, Including the port of
Izmir, in Turkey. She was defeated,
however, by the Turks.
In World War II Greece again be
came a belligerent on the Allied side
when she was attacked unsuccess
fully by Italy and then conquered
by the Germans. Thus, during the
last 35 years Greece has had less
than 20 years of peace in which to
repair the damage inflicted on her
by these military campaigns.
The German invasion was harsher
than any other experience in her
history, and the little wealth the
country had stored up through the
industry of her people vanished.
There never has been great pros
perity in this arid country. Greece
lacks coal and the other essentials
of an industrial state. The only!
fertile fields are in the north, in the1
Salonika area, which provides a
portion of the food consumed by
3reece's 7,000,000 inhabitants. Olives,
raisins, tobacco and the coastwise
merchant marine are the only prod
ucts and services from which Greece
could gain enough foreign exchange
with which to pay for imports of
food and manufactured goods. Many
of her olive groves have been de
stroyed by war and it will take
years to . restore them to prewar
Macedonia, where a portion of
Greece’s crops and tobacco are pro
duced is a war zone. Throughout
the country the ELAS guerrilla
bands are disrupting communica
tions. so that it is difficult to move
food and other products from the
farms to the cities.
and Turkey to resist the encroach
ments of Soviet Russia and her
satellite states. Russia is not un
aware of this purpose. We should
make that purpose clear. We should
demand of Russia that she abandon
the methods by which she subju
gated the satellite states. We should
make it plain that as a nation and
a people we shall resist this effort
to destroy the independence or in
tegrity of free peoples.”
Recalls Hitler and Due*.
After telling his colleagues that
“in these troubled days, the United
States must maintain its defenses
and its armed services, ’ Senator
Connally closed by suggesting that
Russia keep in mind what happened
to Hitler and Mussolini when they
embarked on conquest. He said:
“Let Russia reflect that Musso
lini had a dream to build an empire
on the ruins of conquered lands
Mussolini's empire was shattered
and broken and Mussolini, its
master and author, was interred
amidst its ruins.
"Let Russia reflect that Hitler,
with tremendous resources and a
superb army, sought to dominate
the world with the sword. He drove
his military minions into the heart
of Russia itself. But Hitler’s far
flung campaigns ended in disaster
and Hitler, the author, perished in
the storm that wrecked and de
stroyed them.
“Let not Russia blind her eyes to
recent history, nor close them to
the lessons of the past. World do
minion by a single power will not
be achieved as long as free men
know how to resist tyranny, whether
threatened by arms or by pressure,
infiltration or absorption. Russia
should know that world einpne is
dead. It must remain dead.”
Leo Stock, 17, of Gonzaga
Advances in Oratory Test
Leo Stock, 17-year-old Gonzaga
High School senior who lives at
1201 Vamum street N.E., is home
today, victorious in the quarter
finals of the
American Le
gion’s national
oratorical con
test in Philadel
phia yesterday.
Semifinals of
the contest will
be held in
Speaking on
"The Constitu
tion in a Chang -
i n g World,"
young Stock
bested William
Sample, repre- !*• **»«*•
senting Pennsylvania, and Herbert
Morris, representing Delaware. Yes
terday's contest “was held at Girls’
High School In Philadelphia. The
same subject won a *75 prise for
Leo in the first round of the compe
tition held in Washington.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Increasing
cloudiness, with highest temperature
near 65 degrees this afternoon.
Mostly cloudy tonight, with lowest
near 52 degrees. Tomorrow cloudy
and mild, with occasional rain and
becoming rather windy.
Virginia and Maryland—Mostly
cloudy and warmer, with occasional
rain In west portion tonight; to
morrow cloudy and mild, with oc
casional rain and becoming rather
Wind velocity, 6 miles per hour;
direction, south and southeast.
lint Icon.
(From Unites States engineers.)
Potomac Riser cloudy at Harpers Ferry
tnd slightly muddy at Great Falls: 6hen
sndoah clear at Harpers Ferry.
Tempers tare and Humidity.
(Readings at Washington National Airport.)
Temperature. Humidity
Yesterday— Degrees. Per cent.
Noon _ 56 66
4 p.m. _ 60 47
8 p.m. _ 57 46
Midnight_ 49 72
8 a.m. _ 47 72
10 a.m._ 54 42
Beeord Temperatwres This Tesr.
Highest. 86. on April 6.
Lowest. 7. on February 8.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow
Hith _11:09 a.m. 11:51a.m.
Low _ 5:3* a.m. 8:21 a.m
Hlth __. 11:38 p m.
Low _ 8:22 pm. 7:10 p.m.
The Swa and Mean.
Rises. Set*.
Sun. today _ 5:39 8:40
Sun. tomorrow_ 6:37 6:41
Moon, today. ,11:69p.m. 8:83a.m.
Automobile liiht* must be turned on;
one-half hour after sunset.
Monthly precipitation In inches In the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1947. Ave. Record
848 7™'&
» i:8 tt!
• X
JopUmberllllll ZZZ J 4
KvSsber 'ZZZZZZ ZZZ 3.1 *.1§
in YaASi C&2 M
Htfh. Low. Hlkh. LOW.
Albueuereue 71 40 Miami 81 78.
Atlanta 7* 59 Milwaukee.. 48 88
Atlantic City 60 39 New Orleans 84 69,
Bismarck... 49 84 New York 4* 89
Boston.45 Norfolk 83 46
Buffalo -.1-47 : a City 69 64
:| I
’.i; " •" . i» ' ■ ‘ ,? ■' —
C. & P. Engineer Due
To Testify at Rate
Hearing in Baltimore
•y Aitoc'ottd frtt
BALTIMORE, April 10.—C. O.
BriddeH. engineer for the Chesa
peake & Potomac Telephone Co.
of Baltimore City, was expected to
testify today when hearings are
resumed on the company’s request
for a permanent rate increase.
Recipient of a $3,500,000 tempo
rary increase two months ago. the
utility is seeking a further boost
of *1.800.000.
Urging the commission to refuse
to hear Mr. Briddell’s testimony,
Philip H. Dorsey, jr„ people’s coun
sel, contended yesterday that the
engineer would introduce the sub
ject of “reproduction costs.”
Evidence Challenged.
Mr. Dorsey said the company
planned to show costs “45 per cent”
above the original costs of plants
and property. He asked the com
mission to bar that, type of evidence.
Clarence W. Miles, company at
torney, replied that Mr. Briddell’s
testimony would relate to "current
costs.” He added, however, that
“the present-day cost is very much
in excess of the original cost.”
Charles B. Bosley, chairman,
ruled the commission would pass
on the testimony when it was in
iu vm uvvu •
Harry C. Gretz, assistant con
troller of the American Telephone
A Telegraph Co., explained the re
lationship of the parent organiza
tion to the 22 individual operating
firms yesterday.
A. T. 4s T. Services Listed.
Mr. Gretz listed as services pro
vided by A. T. A T. research carried
on by the Bell Telephone labora
tories, "advice and assistance” in
general engineering, plant, traffic,
commercial, accounting, patent, le
gal, administrative and personnel
matters and "aid and assistance” in
He said A. T. A T. spent more
than (40,000,000 and used more than
(170,000,000 of its capital last year
in performing these services.
Of this total, Mr. Gretz estimated
the Maryland company got (518,786,
adding that the local firm paid in
return (650,000, which included its
share of the return on capital.
Missing D. C. Man s Body
Found in Virginia River !
Virginia police recovered the body
of a missing Washington man from
the North Anna River, about 500
yards from No. 1 highway near
Doswell, Va., yesterday.
The body was identified as that
of Joseph 1>. Armstrong, 43, of 4071
Minnesota avenue N.E., an employe
of the Colonial Fuel Oil Co. here.
A company truck which Mr. Arm
strong was using to go to Richmond
was found wrecked Sunday on the
North Anna River Bridge.
After discovery of the truck the
body of a woman. Mrs. Sallie Emma
Hall, of Washington, tavern em
ploye, was recovered from the river.
Mr. Armstrong’s wife, Mrs. Cath
erine Armstrong, told police her
husband left here Saturday night to
go to Richmond where they lived
until last fall, to get some personal
Windsors Slated to Visit
Baltimore on April 24
ly Associated Press
BALTIMORE, April 10.—The
Duke and Duchess of Windsor are
due here April 24 for a four-day;
round of social events, including;
the Maryland Hunt Cup. two dinner
parties and the Hunt Cup hall..
Their host and hostess, Mr. and
Mrs. W. Wallace Lanahan, said
county police already have arranged
to post a detail at their Long Cran
don estate and for two plainclothes
men to accompany the party to the
Hunt Cup.
The former British King and his
Baltimore wife, who stayed at Long
Crandon on a previous visit, will
leave April 28 for New York, where
they are scheduled to sail for France
May 8.
k. ■
f Continued Prom First Page.)
in Poland—the death of Miko
lajczyk’s party. It was already in
political agony. Yesterday’s state
ments were a coujl de grace—done
by those very noble people who have
so ostentatiously supported Mr.
Mikolajczyk. It couldn't have been
better timed."
Gen. Grosz refused to comment
on Gen. Marshall’s specific proposal
that some of the area in question
be turned over to Poland.
These things are beyond discus
sion for Poland, he said, adding
that investigation of the dispute by
the commission such as Gen. Mar
shall proposed yesterday was “un
Question of Defending Area.
A correspondent asked whether
Poland would defend the territory
with force of arms if necessary.
"Defend it, sir?” Gen. Grosz said.
“Your question Implies that some
body would try to take it away from
us forcibly. Who do you have in
The correspondent said he had no
specific aggressor In mind. ^Gen.
Grosz then said he assumed the
question would only apply to Ger
man attempt to get territory back,
and that if Germany attacked Po
land would certainly defend herself.
Asked what Poland's attitude
would be if the Council were to
agree part of the disputed territory
should be returned to Germany,
Gen. Grosz said: “We are realistic.
We are not trained in abstract dis
He added, however, that Poland
recognized the right of a peace con
ference to fix the boundary line.
Atom Commission Set
For Long-Range Plans
After Lilienthal Wins
Ky rtM Amdatad Prw (
The Atomic Energy Commis
sion came out of its storm cellar
today and plunged immediately
into long-range planning for
peaceful and military develop
ment of nuclear power.
The blasts which roared about the
commission during 11 weeks of
argument on Capitol Hill subsided
last night when the Senate voted,
50 to 31, to confirm David E. Lilien
thal in the chairman's fob he has
held since January 1. Later four
fellow commissioners and General
Manager Carroll Wilson were con
firmed without the formality of roll
President Truman today expressed
gratification over approval of his
nominations, and said he was sorry
it took the Senate so long to act.
Mr. Lilienthal’s aides said com
mission operations had been “seri
ously” handicapped by uncertainty
over the legal status of the com
mission's membership.
They added that as the Senate
argument droned on over charges
that Mr. Lilienthal was "soft" In
his attitude toward Communism
the work of the agency suffered
This, they said, wag reflected par
ticularly in efforts to hire personnel
and complete long-term industrial
Mr. Lilienthal made an oblique
reference to the commission’s diffi
culties in a terse victory statement
in which he said ‘‘the important
thing now is to get on with this Job.”
“This job” entails the outright
ownership for the Government of all
atomic plants and materials in this
country as well as sweeping author
ity over research and development
work in all fields. .
The $14,000 post of director of en
gineering is among the more im
portant job vacancies still be to
Controversy May Flare Again.
Also the commission wants to re
vise the present short-term nature
of most of its contracts with indus
trial firms and universities for oper
ation of the chain of big atomic re
search plants now in use or being
But while all six of President
Truman's atomic nominations were
approved, there are indications that
the controversy may flare up again
in the next few weeks. Senator Me
Kellar, Democrat, of Tennessee, who
opened the fight against Mr. Lilien
thal, has indicated he will demand
seaching scrutiny of the commis
sion's funds.
The President’s budget message to
Congress earlier this year recom
mended an outlay of $500,000,000 for
the commission, of which half would
be an actual appropriation and the
remainder an authorization for the
Am ammmU 4A.m1F Am AOCfi _
000. 000 in additional contracts.
Appropriation Still Unwritten.
The appropriation bill haa not yet
been written in Congress, however.
When the commission took over
the military's bomb developing and
manufacturing agency on January
1, the estimated value of atomic
properties owned by the Government
was $1,400,000,000. The number of
workers totaled about 43,000. This
organization, however, is being ex
panded as new research plants go
into operation.
While one phase of commission
effort deals with harnessing atoms
to power production for industry,
another continues the research from
which today’s program originated—
the military use of atomic energy.
This falls into two central cate
gories :
(A) Further improvement of the
already devastating power of the
atomic bomb, together with possible
uses of radioactive poison materials
created as a by-product of industrial
atomic pile plants, and (B) use of
atomic power to propel ships, air
planes and vehicles.
Power Application Is Difficult.
Scientist* and high-ranking offi
cials have predicted freely that
bombs vastly more powerful than
those exploded against the Japanese
or in the Bikini experiments should
be expected. But experts caution
that design difficulties will require
some time before atomic power
plants can be put into naval surface
ships or submarines and that the
date at which airplanes can be
flown by such power is too far in the
future to be estimated.
In connection with the military
aspects of atomic energy, a series
of semiofficial documents purport
ing to set forth War and Navy De
partment thoughts on the subject
have been compiled by the Library
of Congress legislative reference
service for use of congressional com
Two of these made available to
reporters yesterday disclosed that
(1) the War Department believes
“for a number of years, perhaps as
many as eight to 15. only the United
States will possess atomic bombs
in significant quantities.” and (3)
a Navy belief that long-range
rockets with atomic warheads are
not to be expected for another 35
Those confirmed by the Senate
Disabled Freighter Given
Tow South of Midway
By th* Auociatod fftu
HONOLULU, April 10.—The de
stroyer tender Piedmont took the
disabled freighter, Stephen F. Aus
tin, in tow last night 350 miles
south of Midway, the Hawaiian
Sea Frontier reported yesterday.
The freighter, whch lost a pro
peller Sunday night, win be towed
to Honolulu. Chartered to Lykes
Bros., New Orleans, she is en route
from Hong Kong to New Orleans.
i.. - 1 —-*--- ;
Theosophical Lecture
Covina, California
Timi: Saturday, April 12, 8:30 p.m.
Plmet: HOTEL RALEIGH, English Room
M2 Jackcon At*.. Washington 12. D. C.
The public is also invited to attend ear weekly Theosophieel Round
Table discussions held Thursday, 9:39 p.m, Purler 199, Hotel Raleigh
| For forth#* information. phone SLiga 2117, Mi*# Kitoeh*. Ser’r
- : • *> . ;;
Greek Army Trying
To Surround 3,000
Leftist Guerrillas
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ATHENS, April 10. — Greek
military sources said today that
government forces were faying
to surround some 3,000 Leftist
guerrillas in a campaign fought
more than a mile above sea level
in the Pindus Mountains be
tween Thessaly and Epirus;
These sources, In Athens and
Lariso, reported that the govern
ment troops were getting supplies
ind support from airplanes In an
offensive begun at dawn yesterday
irith the announced aim of breaking
the bade of guerrilla resistance. The
planes hit the insurgents first with
propaganda leaflets, and then with
bombs and maebinegun fin.
Army officers said Loyalist troops
were attacking the Pindus guerrillas
from south, east and west and had
made contact with them before
Nevroupolis, 15 miles west of Kar
ditsa, Thessaly, and before Agrafe.
They reported Nevroupolis a prime
Heavy Damage Claimed.
The 2d and 3d Army Corps were
engaged in the offensive, in an area
upward of 150 miles northwest of
Athens. Their commander, Lt. Gen.
Demetrlos Yadsis, said in Larisa:
"Divisional commanders have
been telling me that the air force
is causing heavy damage to the
Army Informants said that be- *
tween 18 and 20 battalions were
being used in the Pindus Mountain
operations. A newspaper reported
that over 200 aircraft of .all types
were in action yesterday:
Later at its headquarters in Volos,
the 1st Army, engaged on another
front, issued a communique saying:
“Our troops reached all their ob
jectives foreseen by plan yesterday.
Resistance put up was very weak
and broken up everyhere.”
The Soviet Embassy announced
that Ambassador Constantine Rodio
nov, summoned home for consulta
tions following King George’s death
April 1, left for Moscow by air at
7:30 a.m. today.
Two Embassy secretaries accom
panied him. Eleven junior officials
departed yesterday. A skeleton staff
Strabolgi Doubts U. S.
Will Send Army to Greece :
LONDON, April 10 (IP).—Lori
Strabolgi, chairman of the Leagui
for Democracy in Greece, said at $
league meeting last night that the
general Greek situation is “peril
ous,” "hut predicted that, despite
American interest, the United
States will never send troops to the
Mediterranean trouble spot.
Lord Strabolgi deplored American
intervention in Greek affairs.
“All history proves,” he said, “that
an attempt by outsiders to force a
particular form of government on
another country is bound to end in
"The American government is be
ginning to Intervene. But, make no
mistake—the American Congress
will not permit one American sol
dier to go to Greece. American dol
lars and missions, yes. But no
Bolivian miners got a 58 per cent
wage increase after threatening
strikes. <, •
SMILE OF VICTORY—David E. Lllienthal and his wife were in
high spirits attending a De Pauw University alumni dinner last
night shortly after the Senate confirmed the former Tennessee
Valley Authority chief as chairman of the Atomic Energy Com
mission. _-AP Photo.
besides Mr. Lilienthal and Mr. Wil-.
son are Commissioners Robert F.
Baeher, 41-year-old physicist; W. W.
Waymack, 58. former editor of the
Des Moines Register and Tribune;
Sumner T. Pike. 55, former member
of the Securities and Exchange
Commission, and L. L. Strauss, 50, a
retired rear admiral.
Mr. Lillenthal’s salary Is *17,500
a year, the other commissioners’
*15,000 each and Mr. Wilson’s *15,500.
Roll Call Vote.
Here is the vote by which the
Senate confirmed Mr. Lilienthal:
tear* i®18
RP TfTTlB tfiwm
Democrat*. *
McClelland stewart
The following pair* were announced:
BARKLEY. Democrat, for, and FERGU
SON. Republican, against._HATCH, Demo
crat, for, and BREWSTER, Republican,
against. ELLENDER. Democrat, for. and
REVERCOMB, Republican, against. RUS
SELL, Democrat, for. and McCARRAN,
emocrat, against. MAGNUSON, Demo
crat, for, and MCCARTHY. Republican,
against. TYDING8. Democrat, for. and
OVERTON. Democrat, against. WAGNER,
Democrat, for. and REED, Republican,
Jones Becomes Aide
To Post's Publisher
Philip L. Graham, publisher of
the Washington Post, last nl|ht an
nounced the appointment of Alex
ander P. Jones, managing editor
of the Post since 1938, to the poet
of assistant to the publisher, effec
tive May 1.
James Russell Wiggins will be
come managing editor. Mr. Wig
gins for the last year has been as
sistant to the publisher of the New
York Times. Mr. Wiggins served
as Washington correspondent of the
St. Paul Pioneer Press and Dispatch
from 1933 to 1938, as managing edi
tor of that paper from 1938-44 and
editor from 1948 to the spring of
Wayne Coy. who has been execu
tive vice president and general man
ager of the Po6t-owned radio sta
tion WINX and assistant to the
publisher, will devote his full time
to WINX and WINX-FM, a fre
quency modulation station.
Eugene Meyer, owner, with Mrs.
Meyer of the Post, will become chair
man of a newly created Executive
Board. In addition to Mr. Meyer,
the Executive Board will be com
posed of Mr. Graham, Mr. Jones and
Charles CX Boysen, business man
seer of the Post.
Harry Byrd to Speak
FREDERICK. Md., April 10 UP).—
President Harry Byrd of the Uni
versity of Maryland will speak at
a charter-night dinner meeting of
the Frederick Civitan Club April 17.
Irving A. Abb is president of the
new organisation, sponsored by the
Bethesda Club.
The Indian Army has adopted
physical training, including boxing,
swimming and games.
Club Sofa
Club Chair
Formerly fi
■Mpl m
For Executive Offices
Recreation Room or Den
Check the prices listed here, then come In ond
see the splendid values on all our handsome
pieces of fine leather furniture.
Other Sofas, Club Chairs, Reception Chairs,
Formerly NOW
Modem . 3-Seat Safe*_$176.00 $150.00 f
Modem Club CJioir_ 90.00 75.00
Modern Occasional Chairs
in Beautiful Maroon, Groan
and Antique Top - Grain
Leather_ 92.00 69.50 \
Revolving Executive Office
Chairs __ 85.00 58.00
Recaption Executive Office
Chairs_*_ 65.00 45.00 \
Also Reduction On
• Steel Storage Cabinets • Posture Chairs
• Kneehole Desks, Office Desks • Steel Files
! Immediate
$270.00 j

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