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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 10, 1947, Image 4

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Republican Women
Hear Appeal to Take
Interest in Politics
An appeal to the women of Amer
ica to become "more public-minded
' i and more politically conscious” was
t made today by Representative Mar
! garet Chase Smith of Maine.
, Mrs. Smith and Representative
Katharine St. George of New York
. addressed delegates to the National
Federation of Women's Republican
f Clubs’ conference at their final
I luncheon session at the Hotel Stat
f ler.
t “The Republican Party,” Mrs.
5 Smith said, “is missing a good bet
if it doesn’t encourage the women
to make greater utilization of their
voting power. It is losing a good bet
if it doesn’s select more women as
its standard bearers to show effec
| tively the women of America the
* Republican Party Intends to give
them greater representation and
* voice in our Government than the
", Democratic administration.”
The women of America, she con
tinued, “must wake up, not only to
their power, but to their public re
e 4 hi 1 i H P«
Appeals for Public Interest.
"I appeal to them to become more
public-minded, more politically con
scious—to concern and interest
. themselves in all vital matters re
gardless whether they are particu
larly feminine in character. After
all, these national matters concern
all of us, whether we are men or
Mrs. St. George told the women:
"We know that a majority of the
electorate voted the Republican
ticket last November, because they
wanted a swing to the right, and
the Republican Party represents the
J right always.
* “Therein lies its strength and
• those are the principals it should
t adhere to without compromises or
r! ■hilly-shallying.”
The two other Republican women
« members of Congress, Representa
1 tlves Edith Nourse Rogers of Mas
, sachusetts and Frances P. Bolton
; of Ohio, had been invited to speak
at the luncheon but were unable to
attend because of previous engage
; ments.
At morning sessions the about 100
delegates from 10 Atlantic Coast
States and the District of Columbia
discussed Senator Baldwin’s chal
- lenge to them last night that the
r Republican Party can win In 1948
m on the record it makes in Congress.
Good Program Urged.
* Some Republicans are "still trying
J to defeat the New Deal and the late
* President,” Senator Baldwin, Re
* publican, of Connecticut said at the
% organization’s dinner last night.
5 But, he continued, “for myself,
and a whole lot of us in Congress,
we find we are so busy trying to
help put in effect the good program
we have, that we have no time to
look back into the past.”
Instead, he said, “a vigorous Re
publican Party is looking forward
eagerly to a certain date in ’48.”
“If, in the next two years,” he
said, “we provide legislation that
actually gets houses built; if we
provide legislation that reduces
labor-management strife withdut
taking away from labor or manage
ment any of its fundamental rights
and privileges; if we strengthen
the United Nations to make more
certain a permanent peace; if we
reduce Government spending, cut
out unnecessary functions, reduce
personnel and so reduce taxes; if
we encourage production and so help
lower prices—if we do these things,
we need not worry about our future
or the future of our country to
(Continued From First Page.)
be allowed merchants who collect
the tax to offset partially collection
Mr. Press said that while oppon
ents of the sales tax charge it will
most heavily affect those least able
to pay, board studies Indicate a
family in the $1,500 to $2,000 in
come group would pay about $8.11
a year in sales tax if enacted along
the lines the board suggested.
He said the studies showed the
amount of tax and the percentage of
tax increased slightly as income
groups became higher.
"The $10,000 to $12,500 family, we
calculate, would pay $64.68 in sales
tax.” he declared.
Mrs. Gertrude Parks, president of
the Federation of Womens' Club,
said her organization had favored a
sales tax since 1938. She said her
group consisted of 6,60p members.
Mrs. Parks was supported by Mrs.
Leslie B. Wright, also representing
the federation.
Mrs. Wright said sales tax would
reach workers who might other
wise escape taxation.
_i. a • a n i_»_ _.a
wa mu uvuww Jiuuva acu.
Speaking for the Southeast Cit
izens’ Association, Vemis Absher in
dorsed a sales tax provided its yield
is devoted exclusively to improve the
public schools. He also supported a
hroader income tax, increase in the
levy against investment property
and called for a Federal payment
in direct proportion to services rend
ered by the District Government.
A. Julian Brylawski of the Motion
Picture Theater Owners of Metro
politan Washington, opposed a tax
on admissions to theaters but indi
cated a willingness to accept a con
siderable increase in theater license
fees paid the District.
J. P. Hayes of the National Sym
phony Orchestra, also objected to
the amusement levy because he said
It would cut down attendance.
Jerome Kaufman of the National
Association of Tobacco Distributors,
told the committee the net result of
a cigarette tax would not justify the
time, effort or money spent or the
nuisance It would cause. He pointed
out that Maryland and Virginia do
not have such a tax.
Backed by Two Others.
He was supported by Nat Goldberg,
attorney, representing cigarette re
Police Probe Ordered in Arrest
Of Hacker Speeding to Hospital
A “thorough” investigation has
been ordered by Inspector Walter
H. Thomas, acting superintendent
of police, in the case of Traffic Po
liceman A. K. Bowen, who was rep
rimanded yesterday in Municipal
Corn lor failing to escort a taxicab
carrying an expectant mother to
a hospital. Instead, the officer ar
rested the cab driver for speeding.
Inspector Thomas assigned In
spector Arthur E. Miller, head of
the traffic division, to make the in
vestigation. If found at fault,
Thomas said, Pvt. Bowen will face
"necessary disciplinary action.” »
Judge Thomas Dewey Quinn
criticized Pvt. Bowen in Municipal
Court yesterday after hearing testi
mony that the cab driver, George R.
Holt, 48, of 4800 block of Davis
avenue SB., had responded to an
emergency ciall that the woman was
about to have a child.
Mr. Holt testified he picked up
Yoeman 1/c James Burt and Mrs.
Burt at their home in ,the first
block of Galveston place S.W. at
about 7 a.m. on April 1 and that
he was traveling at 48 miles an
hour to the Bethesda Naval Hos
pital when Pvt. Bowen arrested him
tailers, and Aaron Goldman, presi
dent and general manager of a cig
arette vending machine company.
If such a tax is enacted, Mr.
Goldman’ said, vending machines
should be placed in the same license
category as retailers under the bill
and the proposed license fee reduced
from $5 to $1.
Ford E. Young, representing the
ice cream section of the Merchants
and Manufacturers’ Association,
urged that ice cream and ice cream
drinks be considered milk or food
rather than confectionery under the
proposed sales tax. The bill as now
drawn excepts food, but not confec
tionery. i
Objections to the sales tax were
voiced at the hearing yesterday
afternoon by spokesmen for the
District American Legion, the
Merchants and Manufacturers’ As
sociation, which went on record
against a levy on coal and fuel
oil; the Washington Industrial
Union Council (CIO); the Na
tional Association of Colored
Women, the League of Women
Shoppers, the Mac Arthur Boulevard
Citizens’ Association, the North
Randle Community Citizens’ Asso
ciation, and the District Women's
Anti-Sales Tax Committee.
Rufus N. Lusk of the Washington
Taxpayers’ Association indorsed
the sales tax as the only practical
method of “collecting from all who
should pay taxes, such as those who
live outside the District and earn
their living in Washington and the
millions of visitors who flock here
i*verv vear."
The plan came in for an in
direct line of attack from na
tional and local candy and confec
tionery manufacturers. Philip Gott
of Chicago, president of the Na
tional Confectioners Association;
Harold O. Smith, manager of the
association’s Washington office; C.
E. Steidell, vice president of the
Fannie May Candy Co. here; C. M.
McMillan, executive secretary of the
National Candy Wholesalers’ Asso
ciation, and Gordon Peyton, attor
hey for the Chocolate Candy Manu
facturers’ Association, comprised
this group.
Displaying charts and boxes of
candy to illustrate nutritional
values,, the industry spokesmen de
clared their products should be
exempt from the proposed sales tax
as food would be. They asserted
that candy and confectionary prod
ucts are not luxuries. '
Civic Leaders Heard.
Yesterday’s all-day hearing gave
about 30 individual citizens and pri
vate business representatives an
opportunity to tell their views on
specific tax proposed. Most of the
witnesses at the morning session
leveled their fire against the one
cent increase in the gasoline tax.
William H. Payne, vice chairman
of the Legislative Conftnittee of the
District American Legion, led the
afternoon witnesses with an attack
on the sales tax.
“A sales tax Is a last-resort tax
and Is usually proposed when
revenues are critical or when ambi
tious office holders feel the people
are not organized to oppose it,” he
said. "The little people will pay
approximately 1 per cent of their
income on a 2 per cent retail sales
tax, even where food and medicine
are exempt. Findings of our com
mittee disclose that persons of the
highest income will pay one-third
of 1 per cent of their income.”
Lester s. Scott, representing the
Merchants and Manufacturers Asso
ciation, told the joint subcommittee
a sales tax on coal and fuel oil
would be “unsound in principle and
difficult to administer.” If such a
tax were applied to that kind of
fuel, it should be applied to elec
trical energy here, he added.
Edward L. Merzereau of the North
Randle Community Citizens’ Asso
ciation, opposed- a sales tax and
an increased gasoline tax but advo
cated a graduated income tax with
rates ranging between 14 of 1
per cent on incomes below $1,500
and 5 per cent on incomes over
Shoppers Stand Given.
Mrs. Frances Litchenburg of the
League of Women Shoppers and
the MacArthur Boulevard Citiiens’
Association, opposed the sales tax
‘‘under any conditions.”
Mrs. Geraldine Rhodes, speaking
for the National Association of Col
ored Women, protested against the
sales tax as unfair, especially to
large families.
Mrs. Gertrude Evans, executive
secretary of the Washington In
dustrial Union Council (CIO), said
a sales tax should not be levied
at a time of rising prices. She
added that .the income tax should
not only be collected on a broader
base but that rates should be raised
to as high a 5 per cent on incomes
over $10,000.
The District property tax should
be increased to provide another
$5,000,000 and the Federal payment
on the dual highway fringing Bon
ing Field.
Mr. Halt said be explained the
circumstances but that Pvt. Bowen
insisted he drive the cab to num
ber 11 precinct. This caused a 10
minute delay, the driver told the
court, before Mrs. Burt could be
placed in another cab and taken {
to the hospital.
Mr. Burt reported his wife was
placed in the hospital delivery room
immediately on arrival and that a
9-pound son Michael was born
about noon.
When Pvt. Bowen admitted he
did not inquire into the nature of
the emergency, Defense Counsel Al
fred M. Schwarts declared, “This
was a case of misguided zeal,” and
pointed out the cab driver stood to
lose his license and livelihood by
the policeman’s intervention.
Addressing Pvt. Bowen, Judge
Quinn declared he was “duty bound’’
to inquire into the emergency.
“Good judgment and good police
work would have indicated the ne
cessity for escort duty. Instead the
officer diverted and obstructed the
emergency and abused his discre
tion,” the judge stated.
to the District should be at least
$0,000,000 more, she said.
William A. Shelton, appearing as
an individual taxpaper, said a sales
tax would discriminate against citi
zens and the community as. a
whole, would require large collec
tion expenses, present a difficult en
forcement problem, and go contrary
to the tax principle of ability to pay.
■ •
(Continued From First Page.)
»■■■' — • .— - - -. —
Sonnett, who represented the Gov
ernment, said officials desired fur
ther time to decide whether the
safety work stoppage, now under
way in the coal fields, was in viola
tion of the pending no-strike in
junction and of the recent Supreme
Court mandate to Mr. Lewis not to
violate the injunction.
Justice Goldsborough said the call
ing of the period of mourning and
the subsequent safety stoppage “are
facts the court cannot Ignore, al
though the court does not question
the sincerity of the miners’ grief.”
He described as “evidence the
court is unable to shut its eyes to—
that this situation has been taken
advantage of to call in whole or in
part a strike April 1, 1947.”
Without mentioning Mr. Lewis by
name Justice Goldsborough said he
goes as far as he “dares” in dis
obeying orders of the court. The
justice said a determination of
whether Mr. Lewis and the mine
workers were acting in good faith
toward the Supreme Court mandate
could not be made in two weeks.
Must Return Mines by July 30.
It was pointed out by Mr. Son
nett that under present law the
Government must return the soft
coal mines It seized last May by
July 30. The injunction against a
strike automatically would expire
at that time.
"It seems to me that it is In the
interests of the defendants them
selves,” Justice Goldsborough g$id
in suggesting the case be continued
Until July, ‘‘to show that between
now and June 30 they intend to
carry out the Supreme Court man
date in good faith. The court feels
it is the proper thing to do to con
tinue this case until 10 o’clock on
the morning of July 1 and then de
cide whether the mandate had been
obeyed and decide on the return of
the $2,800,000. As a matter of fact,
the Supreme Court has the right
to change its mind and decide to
put in force the entire fine.”
The Supreme Cotut, in cutting
the $3,500,000 fine to $700,000, had
ordered the $2,800,000 refund pro
viding Mr. Lewis canceled a notice
terminating the* BMW contract
with the Government. Mr. Lewis
has done that.
Two Pickets Convicted
Of Intimidating Workers
By th» Auociottd Pros
PULASKI, Va„ April 10.—Two
pickets charged with violations of
a 104$ Virginia labor law prohibit
ing the.intlmidation of worker/were
convicted in Pulaski County Trial
Justice Court yesterday and defense
counsel immediately appealed the
court’s decision.
Commonwealth’s Attorney Alton
I. Crowell of Pulaski County indi
cated that a test case of the new
law was being considered.
Fines of $15 and $40 were imposed
by Acting Trial Justice Marvin
Graham on Paris Collins, 21, of near
Pulaski, and Archie Wyatt Nester,
25, of Max Meadows, respectively,
who were arrested Monday at the
RCA Victor Corp. plant here.
John M. Goldsmith, defense coun
sel, appealed both convictions to
the Pulaski County .Circuit Court
and the two men were continued on
bond. He had argued the act was
Collins and Nester were arrested
by State police on charges of in
timidating workers at the plant
where pickets have been stationed
since the discharge of 153 workers
last Thursday.
France Will Launch
North Africa Reforms
If th* Axeclatad trmu
PARIS, April 10.—The French
government yesterday acknowledged
that its overseas problems have
spread to North Africa.
Edouard Depreux, Minister of the
Interior, announced that he was
making a journey to Algeria soon
to institute “deep-seated reforms”—
and that he would be backed up by
the bayonets of additional troops
which will be shifted from Ger
Engaged since last December IS
in trying to put down a Viet Nam
rebellion in Indo-China and occu
pied for the last week with a revolt
in Madagascar, the cabinet opened
the lid on the independence cauld
ron simmering for years in North
Africa by announcing that Mr. De
preux would be sent to the African
The cabinet spent most of its
meeting yesterday discussing colo
nial and territorial affairs, it was
Mr. Depreux told the cabinet a
redistribution of French military
forces, including a sizable shift of
troops from Germany to North
Africa, had “been in the works for
some time” and would now be car
ried out.
6 Nursery Pupils Hurt
In Auto-Truck Crash
Six children and the driver of an
automobile taking them to a nursery
school were injured this morning
when a dump truck struck the side
of their car at Fourteenth street and
North Carolina avenue N.E., police
The children were treated at
Children’s Hospital for cuts and
bruises. They were listed by the
hospital as:
Betty Lou Scudder, 5, of 9104 G
street, Dillon Park, Md.; Ronald
Schaeffer, 3, of 401 Thirty-fourth
street N.E.; Edwin Worsham, 4, of
3504 Clay street N.E.; Jackie Kraller,
4, of 219 Oakwood street SE.; George
Vencelov, 2, of 208 Thirty-third
street N.E., and Mary Adams, 3, of
2809 Erie street NE.
Lewis M. Reynolds, 14, of 7141
Temple road, near Clinton, Md., was
driving the automobile in which the
children were riding. He was treated
for head cuts at the scene of the
Melvin Austen, 34, colored, of 2323
Virvinla avenue N.W. was driving
the truck, police said. They charged
him with failure to yield the right
of way.
Mr. Reynolds, pqlice reported, was
driving the children to the nursery
at the Temple road address when
the accident happened. He had just
picked them up at their homes.
Apartment Renters Fight
20% Increase at Hearing
More than a dozen tenants of
apartment buildings at 2504 and
2520 Tenth street NJE. appeared at
a rent control hearing yesterday to
object to a landlord’s petition for
a 20 per cent increase.
The properties,'Which hare a total
of 98 apartments, are owned by
E. M. Willis & Sons.
A number of tenants said they
would not object to a smaller rent
One tenant, Howard H. Harris,
who has lived at 2504 Tenth street
for the last eight years, said he be
lieved the landlord was entitled to
a "50 per cent increase.”
Others told Examiner James O.
Tyson the property was not ade
quately maintained.
Rents in the, two buildings range
from $32.50 to $58.50 a month.
Catholic Veterans to Meet
Plans for a District department
convention of the Catholic War Vet
erans to be held here May 4 and 5
will be made at a meeting of post
commanders at 8:15 o’clock tonight
at the Knights of Columbus Hall,
Tenth and K streets N.W. Archie
E. Brand, department commander,
will preside.
Bolling Field to'Exhibit
Ney Arms Tomorrow
A war equipment exhibit of both
the Air Force* and Army Ground
Forces will be open to the pub
lic at ap Army week open house
from 1 p.m. to 5:30 pm. tomorrow
at Bolling Field.
New Infantry weapons on display
will include recoilless rifles and 75,
105 and 157 mm. guns. New-type
amphibious vehicles also will be
Visitors will be able to hear con
versations between the control tower
and pilots as planes take off and
land from the Add, through a radio
hookup connected with the loud
speaker system. Planes on display
will include B-29 Superfortresses
and P-80 Jet-propelled Shooting
Former Victim Sees Bandit,
But Can't Prevent Holdup
A “stuttering bandit,” who escaped
after robbing a store at pistol point
last night was recognised before
the robbery by a man whose store
he had robbed twice.
Harold ,Roach, proprietor of a
frozen custard store at 2842 Ala*
bama avenue S.E., had just left his
car to enter another custard store
operated by his friend, Robert De
Moreland, at sue Nichols avenue
8JE. As he approached he recog
nized a man standing in front of
the store as the bandit who last
month had ordered him to turn over
the money in his cash drawer. It
was the same man, he reported, who
also had held up his store last
Mr. Roach ran to his car and
started for No. 11 precinct. On
the way he was picked up for speed
ing by Motorcycle Policeman Clin
ton E. Humphries who joined in
the mission and returned to the
store with Mr. Roach. They were
in time to see the bandit run out
Mr. De Moreland fired one shot
at him. Two more were fired by
the policeman as the bandit entered
a taxicab a short distance away.
Both Mr. Roach and the policefnan
chased the cab east on Alabama
avenue but lost sight of it.
Mr. De Moreland reported that
the bandit got $110 from his store.
He said the man stuttered as he
held a small pistol and ordered him
to turn over all the bills in the
cash drawer.
48-Hoar Service ea
OWens 5000
At Nationally Advertised Prices
1435 H St. N.W. “Vr; 701 H St. N.E.
* 4
E*t. 1919
PHONE CH. 3141
Prompt Sorvico
_ 0. L 8 ROM WELL
■ lit Uth 9U
Who Travel
Will appreciate the fine line
of Bertram quality crafted luq
920 14H> St. Eg. Eye owd Km
Household Goods of Every
Upright Piano, Suit Oates, Handbags, Trunks,‘China,
Glassware, Bric-a-Brac, Books, Lamps, Domestic Rugs, etc.
At Public Auction
At Sloan’s
715 13rti St.
April 12th
«» 10 A.M..
at 12
45 Oriental lift m room and »catt*r «iiM
From th« btau ot Loo 8. How* and other*
Wow co View
Arm Cadi ft O. ahmo * <& Jg. AyU^
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Estate Sale
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fORiflMnOtl /TOW, OmWT M9tCtCI CM RPiBCfS MMMfi»
Al WoschUr’s Rallorltt
Second Floor, 906-7-9 E Street N.W.
(KBiriMC, Me, MR)
■ I _ _ _ V ' . A :
April 14, 16, Is, 17
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CAN WIN 1948’s '
by Senator Robert A, Taft
| What does one of the nation’s leading Presi
I dential possibilities have to say to his own
I . party? Does he think the G.O.P. can adopt a
do-nothing policy and still breeze through to
victory in .’48 ? Not by a long shot! In his article
in the May Pageant' he says:—
"A political party can succeed only if it
stands behind itspnoptples and displays cour
age, energy and ability in translating those
principles into legislative and' executive ac
His views on labor, taxes,tariffs and foreign |||3
policy make fascinating reding for Republi- H
can and Democrat alike! **?§
by Senator Robert A. Taft Wm
Read the Terrifying Experiences
of Six Beautifol Girls Who
Parachuted Behind Nazi Lines
nave nappenea . osr or maaam, is ami
by Sergei Malakhov
And here are fust a few
of the other Articles and
Want a few chuckles? READ The Trench Still Can Lem*.
Want to test your skill at posies? READ Pageant Play
ground. Want to see where 'movietaad’s stats are boro?
READ Showcase Tor Hollywood (With photogmphs of
Broadway’s top glamour gals.) Warn solid reading enjoy*
meat? READ Pagzant for May*

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