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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 11, 1947, Image 1

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‘ Weather Forecast % \
Cloudy today, warmer and windy; showers > ■
late this afternoon; high to mid 70s To- M ^
morrow sunny and windy; coder to afternoon M ^B . . B^fc fm
Temperatures today-High, 76, at 1:10 p.m.; Ill | |/
low. 51. at 1:10 am. Yesterday—High. 83 W JU I I
3:52 am.;, low, 42. at 5:30 am. ^ B
~~ Lote New York MoTkVts. Poge A-lS. _V_^ J ,
95th YEAR. No. 57,596 Phone NA. 5000. WAS HD
. . . . ■ .—.. '' ■" ■' ■ 1 ■" — — '—- II Mil i I I
Bargaining Curb
Gels Approval
Of Labor Group
Jurisdictional Rows.
Secondary Boycotts
Also Forbidden
The House Labor Commit
tee today approved provisions
of its new labor bill to out
law industry-wide bargain
ing, jurisdictional disputes
and secondary boycotts. The
bill still is subject to final ap
proval by the committee to
morrow. The Senate Labor
Committee also met this
morning, but nothing conclu
sive was done on‘its labor bill.
By the Associated Press
Congress members pushing
tough labor bills signaled full!
steam ahead today as opponents
contended the result will be j
“chaos find confusion” for both
unions and industry.
Here is the picture on Capitol1
Hill: '■
The House Labor Committee, with
a ban on the closed shop and other
union restrictions already approved,
turned to section-by-section vc
on the rest of its bill. This includes
prohibition of industry-wide bar
gaining and still more curbs on
The Senate Labor group, split wide
apart on a slightly milder measure,
assembled to start voting on its |
Besides agreeing to outlaw the
closed shop, which requires workers
to be union members to get a job,
the House committee voted yester
day to forbid any strike which does
not have the secret ballot approval
of a majority of the employes in a
bargaining unit.
Other Proposals Approved.
Among other things, the commit
tee also voted to ban union intimi
dation and pressure against workers,
set up a list of unfair labor prac
tices for employes, outlaw involun
tary check-off collection of union
dues, and create a new labor
management relations board to re
place the National Labor Relations
The bill is slated to come before
the House next Tuesday. Chair
man Hartley said he expects it
to be approved ‘‘without any sub
stantial amendments."
But the measure is certain to
draw the fire of Democrats on the
Representative Madden, Demo
crat, of Indiana, a member of the
committee, told a reporter the bill
in its present form would "impede
reconversion and promote con
fusion and chaos in industry.” He
said it would "wipe out all the
gains labor has made in the last j
12 years” and set unions back “a j
quarter of a century.”
Commission Urged.
Representative Kelley, Democrat,
of Pennsylvania, another member
of the committee, called for crea
tion of a commission to make a
thorough study of labor relations.
"You can’t do *a job like this
in such a short time and have a
good bill,” Mr. Kelley said.
Mr. Hartley said "the paramount
concern of the whole bill is w-hat
is best in the public interest.” He
predicted that all Republican mem
bers of the committee will vote
for it.
Senator Thomas, Democrat, of
Utah, a member of the Senate com
mittee said in an interview the bill
before that group “can only lead to 1
confusion for both unions and in- I
One of the main provisions of the ;
Senate measure would authorize
court injunctions to stave off or
halt strikes imperiling public health
and safety. (The House measure
has a similar provision^.
"Let’s be frank about it,” Gen.
Thomas said. "If w-e are going to
withdraw the right to strike, for
that is what it amounts to. let’s do
it openly. When you start saying
you must not strike against this or
this or that, you might better throw
out the right to strike and be honest
about it.”
Senator Thomas and three of the
four other Democrats on the Senate
committee — Senators Pepper, of
Florida; Hill, of Alabama, and Mur
ray, of Montana—are flatly against
the bill, which Chairman Taft says
would give unions a degree of re
sponsibility equal to the power they
have acquired.” as well as "restore
(See LABOR, Page A-5.)
Finn Cabinet Resigns
Over Economic Crisis
By the Associated Press
HELSINKI, Finland, April 11.—
The government of Premier Mauno
Pakkala resigned today in what was
described here as a purely domestic
political crisis engendered by Fin
land's postwar economic problems.
Mr. Pekkala became Premier
March 24, 1946, succeeding Juho K.
Paasikivi, who resigned to assume
the presidency. The Pekkala govern
ment was a coalition of the three
largest political parties, with the
Communist-dominated Peoples’
Democratic Union holding six
cabinet posts, the Social Democrats
and Agrarians, five each, and the
Swedish Peoples’ Party, one.
The government and the Premier
were believed to have enjoyed the
full confidence of the Soviet Union.
The crisis arose from almost two:
months of dissension over an eco
nomic stabilization program, culmi
nating last week in demands from
the Peoples’ Democratic Union for
abandonment of controls over wages i
plus a sharpening of price control.
Authoritative sources expressed i
fear that the crisis might cause!
misunderstanding abroad, and em
phasized that the resignation had
no connection with the forthcoming
ratification of the Finnish peace
Wallace Trying to Get Britain
To Desert U. S., Eastland Says
Senator Assails Former Vice President
In Speech Favoring Greek-Turkish Aid
LONDON VP). —Henry A.
Wallace said tonight that
Britain could save the world
from war by refusing to take
sides between the United
States and Russia. “If you
show the way, all progressive
peoples can speak out before
it is too late for the prin
ciples of a strong United Na
tions and world progress," he
told a meeting sponsored by
the New Statesman and
By J. A. O'Leary
In a scathing attack on Henry
A. Wallace for his current speak
ing tour abroad, Senator East
land, Democrat, of Mississippi
today accused the former Vice
President of trying to “induce
Great Britain to desert the
United States."
Taking the floor in the Senate to
support the Greek-Turkish aid bill
as a means of checking communism,
Senator Eastland declared:
“No American citizens has the
moral right to conspire with foreign
peoples in ordter to undermine and
to weaken the hand of his country.”
The Eastland speech came a few
days after Mr. Wallace’s arrival in
England for a speaking tour.
Senator Eastland sa.id Mr. Wallace
is doing “a grave disservice” to the
American people. He added that the
people of England and France do not
realize that the former Vice Presi
dent “does not enjoy the confidence
of the great majority of American
The Senator closed his reference
to Mr. Wallace with these words:
“To use an old proverb, if his
activities are not inspired by the
devil, they serve him equally as
Senator Eastland began by ob
serving that,this country has thrived
on political differences among its
citizens, which he called an ear
mark of the “stability of our sys
“Any American citizen, be he
proud or humble, great or small, is
privileged to criticise, vociferously
if he will, any policy of the Amer
ican Government,” Senator East
land continued. “But I want to
bring to the attention of the Senate
and the country that I do not be
lieve our history records an instance
of a man who has been honored by
the people of the Nation to the ex
tent that the former Vice President
of the United States has been hon
ored, who has flown to a foreign
(see ruKtiuiN, page a-dj
Poland Asked to Recall
Aide in Reich Who Hit
At U. S. in Speeches
'Aggressive' Remarks Are
Charged to Liaison Chief
At Army Headquarters
By the Associated Press
FRANKFURT, April 11.—The
United States Army today asked
Polish authorities for the “im
mediate recall” of the chief of
the Polish liaison section at
tached to United States Army
headquarters for “aggressively
anti-United States speeches.”
The request was sent by Lt. Gen.
Clarence R. M. Huebner, European
command chief of staff, to the chief
of the Polish military mission, Al
lied Control Authority, Berlin.
The text of Gen. Huebner’s let
ter was as follows:
"I regret that circumstances
prompt me to request the immedi
ate recall of Col. Taaeusz Podwy
socki, chief of the Polish liaison
section accredited to this head
Attacked U. S. Three Times.
“My attention has been drawn
to the fact that three times in the
course of an evening. Col. Podwy
socki, in the presence of a num
ber of Allied officers, made aggres
sively anti-United States speeches.
“This expressed attitude is, of
course, unbecoming an Allied offi
cer, particularly when in the posi
tion occupied by Col. Podwysocki.
and cannot be tolerated by this
“I consider it most unfortunate
to have to communicate with you
on a subject of such disagreeable
nature. However, I feel confident
that you will understand the cir
cumstances which make this action
Molotov Blocks Effort
By France for Saar's
Immediate Transfer
Repeats Insistance That
He Wants Time to Think
Over Bidault Proposal
By the Associated Press
MOSCOW, April 11.—Soviet
Foreign Minister Molotov to
night blocked insistent attempts
by France to get immediate ap
proval by the Council of Foreign
Ministers of an economic mer
ger of the Saar with France.
Secretary of State Marshall and
British Foreign Secretary Bevin had
agreed to the creation at once of
a commission to work out details
of such a merger. Mr. Molotov,
however, under constant verbal
pounding by French Foreign Min
ister Bidault, repeated his insist
ence that the Soviet Union wanted
time to think over the proposal.
U. S. Proposes Bids
To 50 Nations for
German Peace Talk
By th# Associated Press
MOSCOW. April 11. — The
United States proposed today
that more than 50 nations par
ticipate in the German peace
The plan was presented be
fore the deputies for Germany
of the Council of Foreign Min
isters. However, the deputies of
Britain, Russia and France did
not immediately accept it.
American Ambassador Robert
Murphy asked the deputies to
approve the following as mem
bers of the peace conference:
The Big Four, the neighbors
of Germany and all states at
war with Germany. The latter
group would include the Latin
American countries.
Mr. Molotov also told the Four
L.01. Antnony urexei rsiuuie, cmei
of the American Army’s Allied con
tact section, which has close rela
tions with foreign missions attached
to Army headquarters, said the re
quest for recall was the first such
incident he remembered in his long
career as an American emissary.
Huebner May Elaborate.
Col. Biddle said he could give no
details of the “anti-United States”
remarks attributed to Col. Podwy
socki. He said he did not know
whether the speeches were made at
informal or formal gatherings in
It was expected, however, that
Gen. Huebner would elaborate on
the case at a routine press confer
ence later today.
Col. Podwysocki headed a Polish
liaison section of five officers and
several enlisted men.
The mission handled all matters
pertaining to Polish nations in the
American zone of Germany. Eleven
additional Polish personnel are en
gaged in the repatriation of Polish
displaced persons, of which there
are almost 200,000 in the zone.
The Polish mission disclosed that
Col. Podwysocki already had left
Frankfurt. He departed about 10
days ago for Poland, a member of
the mission said.
Knowledge of Speeches Denied.
Polish officials, however, denied
any knowledge of anti-American
speeches by Col. Podwysocki. Maj.
Jan Klemczak, his aide, said the
American request was an “utter sur
Maj. Klemczak said the chief rep
resentative's departure for Warsaw
was for the purpose of a routine re
port that he had planned to return
to Frankfurt toward the end of
April. Col. Podwysocki has been at
tached to American headquarters
since September 24, 1946.
A high American source said anti
American statements by Col. Pod
wysocki were made at an informal
gathering of Allied officers, adding
that Gen. Huebner s demand for the
representative’s recall was "signifi
power council that the Soviet
Union opposed the French proposal
for an independent Ruhr. He said
such a step would amount to dis
memberment of Germany and cre
ate hostilities within the country.
Cites Roosevelt at Yalta.
This led to an argument bringing
out additional more or less secret
details of the Teheran and Yalta
Mr. Molotov declared that at Yal
ta President Roosevelt had put
forth an idea for a five-part dis
memberment of Germany. In 1944,
he said, Winston Churchill iand An
thony Eden at Moscow had talked
about a three-way split of Ger
At Yalta, Mr. Molotov said, the
question was again discussed briefly
and a commission was set up to
study it in London but it never
made any progress.
Mr. Bevin had said the Potsdam
conference put an end to dismem
berment talk by agreeing on a
unified Germany, but Mr. Molotov
declared such talk was knocked out
by Prime Minister Stalin in a vic
tory day speech May 8, 1945, prior
to the Potsdam gatherings.
American officials, commenting on
Mr. Molotov’s account of what had
(See MOSCOW, Page A-4.)
By Harold B. Rogers
Gangs of thugs have threatened
to seize criminals from the custody of
United States Marshals in Judiciary
Square, a House subcommittee was
told today while considering a bill
to prepare plans for the proposed
new Federal courthouse here.
The danger still exists, according
to Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws of
District Court and W. Bruce Mat
thews, United States marshal.
This testimony was laid before the
Public Buildings subcommittee of
the House Public Works Committee
which concluded hearings on the
bill early this afternoon.
The matter of gangsters threat
ening to kidnap prisoners was
brought up by Mr. Matthews. He
was describing what he called "the
inhumanity” necessarily inflicted on
prisoners because of the congested
quarters at court. He said “we han
dle some very serious criminals who
are a hazard to our men.”
Describing the practice of escort
ing prisoners from one court builo
ing to another, he said that when
1 1
cant ill view u 1 me inti tnat ruu*
wj socki represented the Polish For
eign Office and the Polish War
“It raises the question whether
the officer was representing the pol
icy of the Polish government,” the
informant said.
Tieup of 15 Streetcars
Holts Station Traffic
Union Station traffic was held up
19 minutes this morning when about
L5 Capital Transit streetcars were
tied up in front of the station.
The tieup, caused by the plow of
i Bureau of Engraving car sticking
an a switch, was confined to west
sound traffic. The plow is a bar
seneath the car which picks up the
current from the third rail.
U. S. Asks Soviet
To Help Restore
Korea Freedom
America to Go Ahead
With Measures in Own
Zone, Marshall Says
By the Associated Press
MOSCOW, April 11.—Secretary
of State Marshall called on
Russia today to co-operate with
Jhe United States in restoring
the independence of Korea as
soon as possible and warned
that, in the meantime, America
intends to go ahead with inde
pendence measures in her own
Gen. Marshall made public a let
ter to Soviet Foreign Minister Molo
tov which outlined two steps in
which he asked Russian co-operation
in Korea. These were:
1. That the Soviet Union and the
United States agree to reconvene
their joint commission in Korea “on
the basis of respect for the demo
cratic right fo freedom of opinion”
with the purpose of evolving and
solving measures for Korean inde
O TViot a fta^A Ko fivarl Hnrino
summer of 1947 for a review by the
Washington and Moscow govern
ments of the commission’s work.
United States to Take Own Steps.
Gen. Marshall then told Mr. Molo
“In the meantime, the United
States, mindful of its obligations
under the Moscow agreement, sees
no alternative to taking, without
further delay, such steps in its
zone as will advance the purposes
of that agreement.”
The Moscow agreement to which
Gen. Marshall referred was reached
at the conference here in December,
1945, and provided for the establish
ment of a joint American-Russian
commission to work out plans for
instituting a provisional Korean
government as the first step toward
Korean independence.
The commission broke down com
pletely in May, 1946, when Soviet
and American members failed to
agree on what constituted “demo
cratic” parties and social organiza
tions which should be heard on
Korean political issues.
The text of Gen. Marshall's let
ter, dated April 8 and dispatched
to Mr. Molotov the following day,
was made public by the American
Secretary’s office here. It was the
second time the Far Eastern situa
tion had been brought into the
background of the Foreign Ministers
Tried to Revive Commission.
Previously Mr. Molotov had forced
an exchange of information with
Gen. Marshall on the situation in
Gen. Marshall said the American
commander in Korea had tried sev
eral times to get the commission' to
function again, but that the Soviet
commander had always insisted on
a formula “which would result in
eliminating the majority of repre
sentative Korean leaders from the
The 16 months since the Moscow
agreement have produced no prog
ress, Gen. Marshall said, adding
that the United States is anxious to
get to work again on Korean politi
cal measures “without delay.”
Gen Marshall’s proposal to Mr.
Molotov appeared intended to give
impetus to American policy at the
eastern extremity of the Soviet dip
lomatic front, even as the Council
of Foreign Ministers was concerned
actively with the western extremity,
in Germany, and President Tru
man’s Greek - Turkish policy was
activating the central sectors.
Moscow Broadcasts Plea
Of Kuomintang 'Democrats'
LONDON, April 11.—UP)—The
Moscow radio broadcast today what
it said was an appeal by “a demo
+ nc/MIM in 11 intnnn''
urging the Council of Foreign Min
isters to investigate “American self
seeking policy in China."
The broadcast did not identify
the “democratic group” further, did
not mention any names of the
“group” and did not indicate
whether the statement had been or
would be presented formally to the
four foreign ministers now meeting
in Moscow. (Recent dispatches from
China have given no clue as to the
identity of the so-called “democratic
The Kuomintang is the National
People’s, or government party in
China. It includes several factions.
The statetnent, as broadcast by
the Moscow radio, charged that the
United States was trying to make
China an American colony during
the stress of civil war.
The Chinese people firmly- be
lieve,” the broadcast said, “that the
(See KOREA, Page A-5.)
{Gang Threats to Free Prisoners
Cited in Plea for Courthouse
Michael J. Quinn, notorious bank
robber, was on trial here in' 1945,
he was escorted Jn shackles across
the open courtyard.
“We had information from Phila
delphia,” Mr. Matthews told the
committee, "that they (gangsters)
would try to take him away from
Quinn was one of five criminals
who later escaped from District
Jail in November, 1945. He was
awaiting sentence after conviction
for participation in the $24,000 hold
up of two messengers of the National
j Bank of Washington in March, 1945.
i Quinn was captured by the FBI in
j Chicago in February, 1946, and sub
i sequently sentenced to from 8 to 25
Justice Laws then interjected tes
timony about the escape of two
convicted murderers from the jail
here, warning “there is always dan
ger of them hatching up a scheme
to escape.” He was referring to
Earl McFarland and Joseph Medley,
(Sea COURTHOUSE, Page A-4.)
Henderson Defends
RFC Part in B. & 0.
Bankruptcy Action
Retiring Chairman
Denies Acquiescing
In 'Fraudulent' Step
By the Associated Press
Charles B. Henderson, retir
ing chairman of the Reconstruc
tion Finance Corp., denied under
oath today that the RFC ac
quiesced in what a witness has
termed a “fraudulent bankrupt
cy” action of the Baltimore Si
Ohio Railroad in 1944.
Mr. Henderson appeared before
the Senate Banking Committee,
which heard Cassius Clay, former
general solicitor for the B. & O.,
swear yesterday that Jesse Jones,
former Federal loan chief, approved
what Mr. Clay called the “fraudu
lent bankruptcy” three years ago.
Senator Robertson, Democrat, of
Virginia asked Mr. Henderson:
. “There has bean a charge of ac
quiescence in a fraudulent bank
ruptcy action. Is that true?”
‘‘It is not true,” Mr. Henderson
Bureau Chief Backs Inspector
For'Approving' Centralia Mine
Upholds Judgment
Despite Hazards
Found Before Blast
By the Associated Press
Dr. R. R. Sayers, Bureau of
Mines director, today upheld an
inspector who permitted a Cen
tralia (111.) mine to continue
operation although it was found
to be “very hazardous” five days
before a disastrous explosion.
Dr. Sayers said in a statement
prepared for a Senate Public Lands
subcommittee, investigating the
blast which killed 111 men March
25, that Inspector Frank Perz “ex.
ercised reasonable judgment.”
He feaid the Bureau inspected the
Centralia Coal Co.’s No. 5 mine eight
times between 1942 and 1947. The
last inspections, made by Mr. Perz,
were conducted from November 4,*
to 6, 1946 and March 17 to 20 this
year. He added:
“The final report contained 52
major and minor recommendations
Lewis, Miners Face
April 24 Deadline
For Return to Work
By James Y. Newton
Federal officials warned today
that further court action will be
sought against John L. Lewis
and the United Mine Workers
if a “substantial” number of
miners are still off the job
April 24.
That is the date the UMW motion
for return of $2,800,000 in contempt
fines is to come up before Justice
T. Alan Goldsborough in District
Court following the two-week con
tinuance of the case yesterday.
That sum is the difference between
the contempt penalty Justice Golds
borough originally assessed the
union and the $700,000 the Supreme
Court decided upon, provided Mr.
Lewis withdrew all plans for a
strike and complied with the Pis
(See SAYERS, Page A-4.) 1
1 (See COAL, Page A-5.)
Woman Dies in Plunge
From Sevenlh Floor
Of Hotel on E Street
Agriculture Clerk
Leaves Purse Beside
Window Near Room
A woman identified by police
as Miss Charlotta Lynagh, 46. an
employe of the Agriculture De
partment, plunged to death this
morning from a seventh-floor
window of the Bellevue Hotel, 15
E street N.W.
Her body laaded in an alley west
of the hotel. Above, on the sill of
the seventh-floor hall window, just
outside the door of Miss Lynagh’s
room, was found a black leather
Hotel employes and guests said
Miss Lynagh earlier had come down
stairs into the lobby, then had re
turned upstairs shortly before she
fell to her death. They said she
was pleasant, reserved and had made
few friends within the hotel in ap
proximately two years she had lived
She was smartly clothed in a yel
low suit. No note was discovered,
it was said.
She was pronounced dead at 8:55
o’clock by Dr. Elma Carr, the hotel
Police said her fall was witnessed
by Georgia Garner, 20, colored, a
hotel chambermaid.
Miss Paris F. Keener, who lives
in the room adjoining Miss Lyaagh’s,
said, according to police, that Miss
Lynagh had been despondent over
her job, felt she was not being
given the tyDe of work for which
Navy Demands Funds
To Prevent Crippling
Of Intelligence Work
Jobs of 260 Skilled
Employes Threatened,
Senate Hearing Told
By Don S. Warren
High-ranking naval officers
told the Senate Deficiency Sub
committee today it would be
necessary to resort to payless
furloughs and accelerated dis
charges of civilian employes
unless Congress grants an addi
tional $1,796,000 over funds al
lowed by the House.
Rear Admiral H. G. Hop wood
director of Budget and Reports, sub
mitted a statement saying that in
the case of Communication Intelli
gence it would be necessary to dis
charge 260 employes by May 19.
For this service, the Navy is ask
ing that $116,800 be made available.
This item and all others in the total
requests are proposed transfers of
funds from other appropriations al
ready made.
Many Hare Special Skills.
Communication Intelligence em
ployes, Admiral Hopwood’s state
ment said, are not ordinary em
ployes, since many have special
skills, such as foreign languages,
electronics and higher mathematics.
Referring to the impending neces
sity of the early discharge of 260 of
these employes, he said, “discharg
ing them would cripple this activity
to a point of ineffectiveness.
“Ey effective communication in
tollioonr>a tit a non Uom In nrfimnn*
W. W. Sullivan, chief of the RFC’s
railroad division, made the same
The committee is conducting an
investigation of RFC affairs prelim
inary to a decision on extending the
lending agency’s life after June 30.
Alternate as Witnesses.
Senator Robertson also asked if
any charge made yesterday by Rob
ert D. L’Heureux, committee coun
sel, is true. Mr. L’Heureux pre
sented what he called “the prima
facie case” against RFC.
“It is not,” Mr. Sullivan said.
Mr. Handerson and Mr. Sullivan
alternated as witnesses, seated side
by side. Mr. Sullivan primarily was
under questioning at the time. Mr.
Henderson made no reply to Senator
Robertson’s second question, which
appeared to be directed to Mr. Sulli
van alone.
Mr. L’Heureux had linked Mr.
Henderson, John D. Goodloe, the
new RFC chairman, and several
others with Jesse Jones as members
of what he called the “Jones group”
which, he contended, gained “effec
tive control” of the B. & O.
Senator Flanders, Republican, of
Vermont advocated a wait-and-see
policy in the committee’s investiga
tion concerning an $80,000,000 RFC
loan to the B. & O.
“Let’s wait and hear both sides,”
Senator Flanders suggested. “We
heard only one side yesterday.”
MaybaAk Backs Jones.
Senator Maybank, Democrat, of
South Carolina, who like Senator
Flanders is a member of the Bank
ing Committee, declared Mr. Clay
gave Mr. Jones “a clean bill of
health” in his testimony.
Mr. Clay testified that he believes
Mr. Jones was trying to help the
B. & O. when he approved reor
ganization of the road under the
Bankruptcy Act. He said he does
not think Mr. Jones had any per
sonal interest.
When committee members asked
who stood to gain by the bankruptcy
action, Mr. Clay said, “primarily,
tho mannirement.”
■the plans, intentions and weapon:
; of other nations. This vital work i:
1 divided between Army and Navy. It
• directly affects national security.
| “Its maintenance becomes more
and more important as. the strength
of the Army and Navy declines ir
As Navy officials appeared befort
the committee, headed by Senatoi
Bridges, several said ^he alternative
to the requested transfer of fundi
would be to put civilian employe:
on payless furloughs.
Brooks Sees “Tragic Story.”
Senator Brooks, Republican, o:
Illinois referred to these prediction:
as “a tragic atory” and asked whj
needs could not have been antici
Admiral pod said the Navj
Department ;ht to antici
pate needs, 77 per cent
of the total_it asked of the
House Was attributable principally
to pay increases granted subsequent
to the enactment of the ISMV
^Th?House approved
of Navy funds totalling «78-lM-°^’
but disallowed *11,433,00*'The
Navy now Is asking ‘J^.m dis
about 16 per cent of the sum u
allowed by the House. .. t
Dr. Mordecai Johnson, pr«id*£
of Howard University urf^,th*
Senate subcommittee to grant a
£2*000 greater deficiency appro
bation than was include! in the
House bill. He based this on a
tremendously greater Howard Uni
versity enrollment than had been
she was suited, and that she had
not reported for work for the past
three days.
She was a clerk-stenographer in
the shipping and storage branch,
Production and Marketing Admin
istration, Agriculture Department.
Her home was East Orange, N. J.,
according to police.
Miss Lynaugh had been employed
by the Agriculture Department since
October, 1945. Previously she had
worked in Farm Security Adminis
tration, 1936 to 19%, and with Navy
Department. 19% to 1943.
Oklahoma City Tied Up
By Transportation Strike
ly the Associated Press
OKLAHOMA CITY, April 11.—Bus
and streetcar service in Oklahoma
City was stopped today when motor
men and bus drivers refused to cross
picket lines set up by the Brother
hood of Railroad Trainmen.
Col. M. D. Mills, general manager
of the Oklahoma Railway Co., said
the pickets, striking drivers of the
Oklahoma Transportation Co., ar
rived In front of the car barns at
3:45 am
He said bus and streetcar drivers.
| reporting to take out the early morn
ing runs, refused to cross the picket
The Oklahoma Railway Co. em
ployes are members of the Amalga
mated Association of Motor Coach
and Streetcar Operators of America
The railroad’s 1944 reorganization
plan, approved by the courts under
the bankruptcy laws, included exten
sion to 1965 of an $80,000,000 RPC
loan. Mr. Clay contended that when
Mr. Jones assented to the bank
ruptcy action, the RPC was left
“holding the bag on a frozen loan.”
Late News
Woman, 69, Executed
SAN QUENTIN, Calif. (ffL—
Mrs. Louise Peete Judson, 69,
was executed in San Quentin
Prison’s gas chamber today
for the murder of a bene
factress to whom die had been
paroled after serving 18 years
of a life sentence for
slaying. Her
eight years to
her release
the sentence
(Earlier »tory
Joint Meeting
With A. I. &T.
Asked by Union
Appeal to Truman
Is Threatened if
Company Refuses
Promising a quick reply to
the telephone union’s request
for a top-level meeting, Secre
tary Schwellenbach said this
afternoon he expected to talk
with Union President Beirne
during the day and make an
immediate decision there
A union suggestion for an
immediate meeting between
American Telephone & Tele
graph. Co, officials and strike
leaders was sent to Secretary of
Labor Schwellenbach today in &
bid for a quick settlement of the
five-day Nation-wide work stop
Devised by the National Federa
tion of Telephone Workers’ Policy
Committee, the proposal was backed
up with a threat to “carry our com
plete story to President Truman"
if A. T. & T. rejects the plan.
In asking for a first meeting with
the parent firm of Bell System com
panies, the union also proposed
that newsmen be allowed to report
the event.
The memorandum was the Policy
Committee’s answer to efforts to
settle the long-lines phase of the
strike through an agreement drawn
up with the help of Labor Depart
ment conciliators.
Proposal .Tentatively Rejected.
The committee tentatively turned
down the proposal, based on local
arbitration of the union’s national
demands, on the grounds it did not
conform with union policy.
Not only did the committee blast
this first, enncrete move toward a
settlement, but it displayed new
fighting spirit in recommending that
12,000 New Jersey strikers hold fast
despite a State law penalizing them
for refusal to work.
Three women leaders of the opera
tors’ union were arrested in Newark
today in a test of the new emergency
law which figured to drag through
the courts. They, pleaded not guilty
when arraigned and were released in
$500 bond for hearing Monday,
the three gave themselves up as
“willing guinea pigs.” The anti
utility strike law provides for fines
from $250 to $500 and 30-day jail
sentences for individual violations
and a possible $10,000 daily fine
against a union or utility violator.
Joseph A. Beime, NFTW presi
dent, said he would await Secretary
Schwellenbach’s reaction to the
joint meeting proposal before fur
ther action is taken. The Policy
Committee scheduled another meet
ing for 11 a.m. today.
Possible Union Request.
It was believed President Truman
would be asked either to appoint a
fact-finding board to investigate the
strike or to seize the telephone in
dustry in the event the A. T. Si T.
refuses to meet with the union.
In asking for the meeting, the
union was making its strongest ef
fort to raise negotiations to a
national bargaining level, one of
the foremost considerations in
NFTW strategy.
The memorandum sent to Secre
tary Schwellenbach said in part:
“The telephone industry is a pub
lic utility. Its rates are set by
the Government. The people of
the United States are interested in
the dispute which exists and it is
deemed necessary by the NFTW that
the public be apprised of the true
state of affairs in the telephone dis- .
P "In the interest of public welfare, a
it is deemed desirable by NFTWl
that the real parties to the dispute®
namely the Bell System and a few®
independent company management®
together with NFTW be brougt®
together, for the first time, to di®
cuss the overall problem.
“In the event A. T. Si T. officia®
refuse this proposal an effort sha^f
be made by NFTW representative®
with authority to carry our com®
plete story to President Truman.’®
I Hopes for Quick Peace Dim. 1
Hopes for a quick strike settle®
ment dimmed when Mr. Beirn®
characterized the long-lines propos®
as opposed to union policy. B®
the door was left open for furth®
consideration of this agreeme®
when the union leader declared tl®
the committee still was studying
17-page document.
There had been hope the eontrk
drawn up for 20,000 members of fte
(See TELEPHONE, Page A-5T~
I Sunday Reading . . .
A welter of charges and
i countercharges on the
ards of coal mining has kept
the public reeling for weeks.
Statistics show the Nations
mines are safer by far than in
1910, when 2,220 men perished
in bituminous pits. But th
record is still not clean James
v Newton, writing in sun
Hav’c Editorial Section, Pre~
in t5 an interesting collection
rtftrtfSi this vexing prob
'"SVeece’s P^
the scene in another Editorial
Section article by Constantine
Brown, The Star's foreign af
! fairs analyst, now in Athens.
; other timely topics of inter
national and domestic flavor
round out this section.
The colorful 24-page Pic
torial Magazine, along with
special coverage on books, so
ciety, art, music, sports,
amusements and gardening,
supplement the usual thor
ough and accurate news con
tent of
$4* $uttdag 9tar
*'■ ' •<*

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