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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 12, 1947, Image 1

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Labor Bill Gets
Final Approval
Of House Group
CIO Leaders Arrive
To Organize Fight
Against Curbs
•y the Astociated Pros
The House Labor Committee
formally approved today, 18 to 4,
a bill to clamp sharp restrictions
on strikes and labor .unions.
It took the committee only 8
minutes for the final vote. It had
approved the measure informally in
all details yesterday.
Chairman Hartley told reporters
there will be no “substantial
changes” on the House floor when
the bill comes up for debate Tuesday.
CIO Leaders to Map Fight.
The action came as CIO leaders
arrived in the Capital to organize
for a fight against legislation shap
ing up in Congress to impose a long
list of curbs on labdr unions.
Both House and Senate Commit
tees have included a flat ban on the
closed shop in their proposed labor
legislation. The Senate bill has not
yet been completed.
Mr. Hartley said the House mea
sure is so worded as to forbid any
industry-wide strike against em
ployers who compete with one an
other. This means, he explained,
that if John L. Lewis, for example,
decides his United Mine Workers
have no contract next July 1, there
can be no strike without running the
risk of penalties.
For Mr. Lewis to enforce his tradi
tional policy of “no contract, no
work,” Mr. Hartley said, would be a
collusive strike.
Might Face Damage Suits.
In case of such a strike, Mr. Hart
ley said, a union might suffer a
year’s suspension of its bargaining
Score on Provisions
Of Labor Measures
ty th» Associated Press
Here is the score on the
principal provisions of the two
labor bills before the Senate
and House Labor Committees.
Question marks indicate provi
sions not yet reached by the
Senate committee.
House Senate.
Ban industry
wide bargain
ing _- -. Some ?
Ban closed shop Yes Yes.
Permit union
shop . Yes Yes
Ban foremen
bargaining Yes Some
Ban jurisdic
tional strikes Yes ?
Change NLRB
setup _ Yes Yes
List “unfair”
practices for
unions - Yes Yes
Guarantee em
ployers free
speech _:_ Yes Qualified
rights and under the antitrust laws
damage suits could be brought
against the union.
All 15 committee Republicans and
three Southern Democrats were re
corded as voting for the new bill.
Four Democrats were against and
three Democrats did no ballot.
Rpniihlicans for the bill were:
Hartley Landis, of Indiana; Hoff
man, of Michigan; McCowen, of
Ohio; Sfhwabe, of Missouri: Mc
Connell, of Pennsylvania; Gwinn,
of New York; Buck, of New York;
Brehm, of Ohio; Smith, of Kansas;
Kersten, of Wisconsin; MacKinnon,
of Minnesota; Owens, of Illinois;
Kearns, of Pennsylvania, and Nixon,
of California.
Democrats for: Barden, of North
Carolina; Fisher, of Texas, and
Wood, of Georgia.
Democrats against; Lesinski, of
Michigan; Kelley, of Pennsylvania;
Madden,'of Indiana, and Kennedy,
of Massachusetts.
Doubts “Watering” of Bill.
Mr. Hartley said some changes are
possible on the House floor. But he
predicted that the bill “will not be
watered down.”
“You will find plenty in the rank
and file of unions for the bill,” Mr.
Hartley said, adding that it was not
written to please labor leaders.
The chairman said he now plans
to ask one full day for debating the
Measure Tuesday, open the bill to
amendments Wednesday, and seek
a vote on passage next Friday.
He said there is a possibility that
a member may offer an amendment
to forbid union organizations in any
plants producing atomic energy. He
said at least one committee member
favors this, because a strike in such
(See LABOR, Page A-2.)
Boat Sinks After Collision
With Steamer in Rainstorm
By th* Associated Press
NEWPORT NEWS. Va.. April 12.—
The Pennsylvania Railroad’s Nor
folk-Old Point-Cape Charles steam
er, Elisha Lee, and the Seminole, a
100-foot craft, collided in a heavy
* rainstorm about 9 a.m. today about
1 mile from Thimble Shoal light in
Chesapeake Bay and the Seminole
sank within a short time.
The crew .was reportedly taken off
the vessel before she went down
and transported to Old Point by
the Elisha Lee.
The Seminole was understood to
have been transporting Navy sup
plies from the Norfolk Supply Depot.
Mona Lisa's Smile
Blamed by Art Thief
By iiw A»»ocict»d Pros*
PARIS, April 12.—French police
arrested a 28-year-old Frenchman
today who they said had confessed
the theft of a 16th Century copy of
Leonardo da Vinci’s famous "Mona
Lisa,” which hangs in the Louvre.
“That smile and those eyes made
me lose fay head,” police said the
man told them.
The painting, valued by its owner,
Paul Mulle^, at more than 3,000,000
francs (about (25,000) waa re
'Ruthless Imperialism' Policy
Begun by U. S., Wallace Says
Cost Will Cause Truman Flan to Fail,
He Tells Britons in New Address
By th* Associated Bros*
MANCHESTER, England, April
12.—Henry A. Wallace charged
today that the "United States
had embarked on a program of
“ruthless imperialism” and de
clared the.program must fail
because “Americans will never
pay the cost and they cannot
pay the cost.”
In an attack on President Tru
man's proposals for aid to Turkey
and Greece, delivered at a public
meeting in this Midlands industrial
center, Mr. Wallace said America’s
present program “if unchecked”
would stretch the “American em
pire” from China to the Near East
and from Pole to Pdle.
j "This position of ruthless imperil
ism is the position which all groups
blinded by hatred of Russia must
ultimately defend,” the former Vice
President and cabinet member de
clared, adding: “It may cost little
to divide the world, but to keep the
world divided is beyond the re
sources of any nation.”
Here on the first leg of a speaking
tour that will take him to Stoke-on
Wallace Declaration
Strengthens Support
For Greek Aid Bill
Senate Leaders Plan
To Press for Passage
After 3-Day Recess
Chairman Vandenberg of
the Senate Foreign Relations
Committee today joined in
denouncing Henry A. Wallace
for his speeches in Europe
against American foreign pol
icy. He accused Mr. Wallace
of going abroad “to organize
the world against his own
By J. A. O'Leary
Senate leaders will press for
passage of the $400,000,000
Greek-Turkish aid bill next week
amid indications that Henry A.
Wallace’s opposition to Presi
dent Truman’s foreign policy will
not weaken support for the bill.
On the contrary, Mr. Wallace's
London appeal to Great Britain not
to take sides between Russia and
the United States aroused Demo
cratic Senators to rally to the sup
port of the administration.
Senator Lucas, of Illinois, acting
Democratic floor leader, promptly
served notice that Mr. Wallace is
“speaking only for himself and in
no wise for the American Govern
ment.” The Lucas statement fol
lowed a sharper tongue-lashing
aimer! at. Mr Wallace hv Senator
Eastland, Democrat, of Mississippi.
Proves Tonic for Debate.
The Wallace foreign speaking tour
had the effect of spurring the Sen
ate to put more life in the foreign
policy debate. Heretofore, there had
been no fireworks in the discussion,
because of the overwhelming sup
port indicated for the bill in ad
When the Senate returns Tuesday
from a three-day recess, it is ex
: pected to get down to action on
amendments. Although opponents
have a dozen proposed restrictions
pending, they are not expected to
muster a majority for any basic
changes. The more important
amendments are designed to con
fine the assistance to civilian relief,
to exclude Turkey and to require
elimination of the King in Greece
as a condition to American aid. #
Vandenberg Prepares Speech.
Senator Vandenberg, Republican,
of Michigan, chairman of the For
■ eign Relations Committee, is ex
pected to devote the week end to
preparation of an important foreign
policy speech for delivery to a
gathering Monday of the representa
tives of the 21 American republics.
Although any speech at this time
by the leading Republican spokes
man on foreign affairs will interest
all countries, friends of the Senator
do not expect him to link Latin
American affairs with the European
| situation.
Shortly after news dispatches
• brought an account of Mr. Wallace’s
speech from London yesterday after
noon, Senator Lucas told reporters:
"I think it is most unfortunate
Mr. Wallace is taking the position
he is in a foreign country at this
crucial hour. I did not hesitate to
condemn Winston CThurchill when
he spoke at Fulton, Mo. I thought
he was out of step then, and I think
Mr. Wallace is out of step now.
"I regret Mr. Wallace has seen fit
; to go into England and France and
make the statements he has at this
time, when this serious question of
Greek and Turkish aid is Deiore tne
Senate. He is making no contribu
! tion to world peace by attacking our
foreign policy in a foreign land.
"What we need is unity behind
our bipartisan foreign policy, not
disunity. It should be clearly uni
derstood in this country and
throughout the world that he is
(See FOREIGN, Page A-2.)
Eortina, Favorite, Wins
Cheltenham Steeplechase
By the Associated Press
CHELTENHAM, England. April
12.—Fortina, 8 to 1 English favorite,
won the 3li-mile Cheltenham Gold
Cup steeplechase today from a field
of 12 runners.
Happy Home, an Irish challenger;
j who started as the favorite, finished j
second by 10 lengths. Prince Black
thorn was third by another 5 lengths.
Fabrano, a French entry, was fourth.
A record attendance watched the
race which ranks second among
jumping races to the Grand National.
Usually held in mid-March, the Gold
Cup was postponed until today be
cause of England’s severe winter.
Fortina is owned by Lord Grim
Trent tonight and to Liverpool to
morrow, Mr. Wallace said the
United States was controlled “by
men who believe that in a world in
which capitalism and communism
live side by side there is little hope
for peace.”
“They believe,” he said, "that the
United Nations is doomed to insig
nificance. They believe that com
munism threatens the world and
must be stopped by American ma
terial and arms.”
But, Mr. Wallace said, “we cannot
buy off world communism any more
than we can suppress the idea of
communism by force of arms. No
free people will be bought—no un
free people will stay bought.”
Mr. Wallace said the loans to
Greece and Tin-key—“the first down
payments in a plan without shape
or end”—were proposed “in the
name of the struggle of freedom
against totalitarianism.”
“On what grounds the name of
freedom was ihvoked, I do not
know,” he said. “Freedom for an
unrepresentative Greek government,
led by collaborationist generals, to
rSee WALLACE, Page A-2.)
'Unreasonable' Rules
For U. S. Inspection of
Mines Hit by Owners
Coal Production Slowed
By Concentrating First on
Worst Shafts, They Say
By the Associated Press
The National Coal Association
protested today that soft coal
production, although back to 59
per cent of normal, is being
slowed by “arbitrary and unreas
onable” Government rules for
inspecting closed mines.
John D. Battle, the association’s
executive secretary, said the shafts
which "can qualify for quick opera
tion” should be inspected first.
Instead, he declared in a state
ment, Secretary of the Interior Krug
has directed that Federal inspectors
concentrate on 518 mines closed
by the Government as possibly
168 Pass Inspection.
The Bureau of Mines reported that
38 of these were removed from the
hazardous list yesterday, bringing
the total which have passed inspec
tion to 168.
Field reports to the Coal Mines
Administration, which runs the 2,500
diggings seized by the Government
last May, showed 1,860 mines operat
ed yesterday against 1,692 on Thurs
The number of men at wora was
estimated at 185,648, up from 155,723,
and production at 1,393,996 tons, or
59 per cent of normal.
The administration said 1,760 of
the mines for which it required
cflfofv rprHfiraf.inn Viavp hppn an
thorized to reopen, but that only 902
were operating yesterday.
Most Closed Mines Under UMW.
It added that most of the 858
still closed are manned by mem
bers of the United Mine Workers,
whose “safety stoppage” this week
followed a six-day memorial walk
out for 111 men killed in a mine
blast at Centralia, 111.
John L. Lewis'has advised UMW
members to go back to work as fast
as mines are certified safe by Fed
eral inspectors.
But the mines administration has
authorized all mines not on its
original hazardous list of 518 to
resume operations as soon as the
operating manager says they are
not dangerous—provided the local
Mine Safety Committee makes no
The prospects of widespread un
employment in coal-dependent in
dustries as a result of the safety
shutdown in soft coal pits appeared
checked in general. This develop
ment resulted from steady gains in
bituminous production as more
miners returned to work.
Steel Output to Be Restored.
The United States Steel Corp.
announced today that blast furnaces
curtailed at a loss of 7,000 pig iron
tons daily because of the mine shut
down would be restored fully by
The Nation's biggest steel pro
ducer had shut down the equivalent
of eight blast furnaces in the Pitts
burgh district.
A corporation spokesman said
eight of its captive mines now are
(See COAL, Page A-2.)
Smallpox Case Reported
In Upstate New York
By the Associated Press
ALBANY, N. Y.. April 12.—The
first smallpox illness reported in
Upstate New York In several years
has been linked with a recent fatal
case in New York City, where four
others have been detected.
The State Health Department said
last night a child at a convalescent
hospital at MiUbrook, about 75 miles
north of New York City, had con
tracted the disease.
Since then, 51,768 persons have
been vaccinated at public clinics in
the city.
Twelve Die for War Crimes
BRUSSELS, April 12 (^.—Twelve
former SS guards at the concentra
tion camp of Breendonck were exe
cuted by firing squads today in
Malines, Antwerp and Namur. All
had been -condemned to death last
May 5.
Russia Insists
On Reparations
As Prime Issue
Vishinsky Says Reds
Must Have Payments
From Current Output
By th« Associated Press
MOSCOW, April 12.—A. Y.
Vishinsky, Soviet Deputy For
eign Minister, made it clear to
day that in his opinion Russia
never would accept a German
settlement without reparations
payments to the Soviet Union
from current production and on
a large scale.
Mr. Vishinsky, right-hand man of
Soviet Foreign Minister Molotov,
said acceptance by the United States
of the principle of current remra
tions was the thing “we have been
fighting for” in the Council of For
eign Ministers.
Mr. Vishinsky told a news con
ference—the first held by a Soviet
official since the foreign ministers
convened—that this lack of agree
ment on the approach to repara
tions was the foremast difficulty be
tween the western powers and the
Soviet Union.
Welcomes Marshall Suggestion.
The Soviet deputy made this
cil resumed its discussion of cur
rent political problems and proce
dures for writing the German treaty,
after deadlocking last night on the
question of Germany’s western fron
tier with France.
“A treaty without reparations,”
Mr. Vishinsky said, "is the same
thing as a man without a heart.”
He said he welcomed Secretary of
State Marshall’s recent suggestion
that if capital plants earmarked for
capital reparations were left in Ger
many, some ' current reparations
might be agreed to. He added, how
ever, that he could not state what
Gen. Marshall actually had in mind.
Here Mr. Vishinsky evidently was
referring to the amount of such
Mr. Vishinsky’s news conference
drew many British, American,
French and Russian correspondents
and produced one sharp exchange
between Mr. Vishinsky and a British
W. N. Ewer of the London Daily
Herald objected to Mr. Vishinsky’s
statement that Britain and the
United States were taking current
reparations from their occupation
zones in the form of coal and otlfer
Wants Coverage for Damage.
Asked what he thought was the
fundamental difficulty between the
Soviet Union and the western
powers in the basic issues of the
German problem, Mr. Vishinsky
said that “there are many reasons.”
“First,” he said, “there is no agree
ment as to the attitude of the dele
gations in regard to tne reparations
I problem. The attitude of the Soviet
Union is that we want reparations
from Germany to cover the damage
she inflicted.”
In addition, he said, there were
other reasons, but he did not list
them. Thus he emphasized that
reparations was the predominant
issue in the Soviet view.
Mr. Vishinsky also disclosed that
the Soviet Union was depending on
current production reparations in
carrying out five-year-plans for re
habilitation of war-ravaged areas.
“It is only possible to carry out
the restoration of the Soviet Union’s
internal welfare with peacetime
goods from production," he said.
“People who look at our country
with eyes not closed by an iron
curtain can see this for themselves.”
Acknowledges Reparations.
For the first time, a Soviet official
acknowledged that the Russians
were taking large-scale current
production reparations from the
eastern zone of Germany. Blaming
the western powers for a repara
tions breakdown on Germany-wide
basis, Mr. Vishinsky said that “in
the Soviet zone we have fulfilled our
reparations quota rather well.”
Mr. Vishinsky said the Russians
began taking current reparations
“when the others powers did.”
Charges that the United States
and Britain have been taking cur
rent reparations have been denied in
the Foreign Ministers’ Council. Mr.
(See MOSCOW, Page A^27)
Bobby Riggs Loses $260,
$1,723 in Gems in Robbery
Tennis Champion Bobby Riggs
won his match from Frank Kovacs
last night at Uline Arena, but later
lost part of his fee when a thief
ransacked his apartment in the
Wardman Park Hotel early today.
His wife, Catherine, reported to
police that in addition to $260 in
cash, the thief got a dozen pieces of
jewelry which she valued at $1,723.
Included in the jewelry was a gold
bracelet, valued at $250. strung with
13 miniature gold tennis balls, each
engraved with the name “Bobby
Riggs” and representing the 13 na
tional championships Mr. Riggs won
as an amateur, she said. .
There were four other bracelets,
one set with a gold medal won by
her husband at Wimbledon, Eng
land, matches. Three rings, three
sets of earrings and a necklace were
included in the loot, she reported to
She and Mr. Riggs had left the
apartment shortly after midnight to
visit friends and returned about
3 am. to find the rooms "badly torn
up” and the money and jewelry
missing, she said.
D. C. Police Remove Overcoats,
Confirming Spring's Arrival
Policemen today were ordered to
remove their overcoats, thereby offi
cially agreeing with the Weather
Bureau that warm weather is here
to stay—for some months at least.
Inspector Milton D. Smith, assist
ant superintendent of police and
chief property cleric, issued the order
which said ‘ beginning at once, over
coats will not be worn during the
8 a.m. to 4 pm. shift.”
At a later date, when summer
really is upon Washington, Inspector
Smtih will order the blue blouses to
come off, leaving the policemen in
their shirt sleeves—and other neces
sary articles of clothing.
m __
linn/ ^^fthfgi.niuiroiftH
50 Refrigerator Cars
Lost in $300,000 Fire
Near Alexandria
Two Large Sheds Lost
In Fruit Growers'
Express Yards
(Picture on Page A-3.)
A "spectacular $300,000 fire In
the Fruit Growers’ Express yards,
just off Duke street extended,
near Alexandria, destroyed at
least 50 railroad refrigerator cars
and two large frame sheds this
The sheds were used as a repair
shop for the refrigerator cars and a
warehouse where paint, lumber,
cork, celotex and various refrigera
tion supplies were kept.
Alexandria police said the fire
was believed to have started in the
paint shop.
The 60-foot high frame sheds gave
off flames that attracted hundreds
to the scene and caused police to
block off traffic on Duke street
Cars Outside Set on Fire.
Employes said the repair shed
always contained between 50 and
100 refrigerator cars. All in the
shed were destroyed, they said.
Many cars outside also caught fire.
J. H. Nagel, shop superintendent,
said damage was about $300,000.
Mr. Nagel was treated at the
scene for neck burns suffered, he
said, when he rushed into the flam
ing repair shop to see if any materi
als could be salvaged.
I r lamco wcic wiuim iv icci v/x tm.
block-long building housing the
main Alexandria office of the com
pany, Noble Smith, chief of the
company’s fire battalion, said. He
said his men poured water into the
side and roof of the building near
est the fire.
An hour-and-a-half after it was
discovered, the fire was reported
under control though still burning.
The tin roofs of the sheds col
lapsed early in the blaze, adding to
the spftrks which caught nearby
railroad cars.
Scores of pieces of fire apparatus
responded to several alarms that
were sounded, some coming from
Fairfax County and nearby Army
and Navy installations.
Oil Drums Burst Into Flames.
Flames at one time came within
50 yards of a warehouse where
acetylene tanks are stored, firemen
j said Gasoline and oil drums in the
i repair yards near the sheds added
! to the danger. Some of the oil
' drums burst, catching fire. Firemen
i saved others by pouring water on
Firemen reported the wind was
blowing so as to carry the flames
away from several nearby dwellings.
Railroad traffic on tracks near the
blaze was not stopped—all roads
; maintaining regular schedules.
Two children were treated at Alex
1 andria Hospital for injuries indi
rectly due to the fire.
William Wadell, 15,. of 1500 Roth
, street, Fairfax County, was treated
elmVtf Knrnc r»r» hie hanrlc Thp
hospital said the boy picked 'up a
1 bucket containing hot tar at the
scene of the blaze.
Barbara Spinks, 13, of 500 North
Payne street, Alexandria, suffered a
bruised knee when an automobile
in which she was riding came to
a sudden stop in heavy traffic, the
1 hospital said.
Lumber Burns,
i First alarm ot tne fire was
j sounded by L. D. Morris, a company
I storekeeper, shortly after 9 am. He
'said the first fire company arrived
' within five minutes.
Mr. Nash said 200,000 feet of lum
ber was among the material de
stroyed by the fire. He said the
company, which furnishes railroad
refrigerator cars for the shipment of
1 fruit, would rebuild the repair and
storage sheds immediately. The fa
cilities here are the second largest
operated by the company.
Britons Advance Clocks
Second Hour Tomorrow
By the Associated Press
LONDON, April 12.—Britons will
! turn clocks ahead another hour to
. morrow to place the nation on
; I double summer time—two hours
ahead of standard Greenwich mean
■ time, or seven hours ahead of East
■ em standard time.
t The change, to begin at 2 am.
i will continue until August 10, when
- Britain will revert to summer time,
which became effective last month.
Throng on Hand for Opening
Of Cherry Blossom Festival
500,000 Expected to Attend Pageant Today
And Tomorrow, With Skies Fair, Buds at Best
(Picture on Page A-12.)
Fair weather was assured today
as the biggest crowd of spring
visitors since prewar years
packed Washington for a revival
of the Capital’s annual Cherry
BlosSom Festival.
Not since the days of ample trans
portation and hotel facilities has
Washington seen such an outpour
ing of visitors.
They have been arriving all week
by rail, highway and air line, and
at least half a million were expected
to see the famous blossom display
this season.
With warm, sunny weather in
prospect, a huge throng was ex
pected at the Tidal Basin when the
first of two programs opens early
this afternoon.
The blossoms under today’s warm
sun were in what experts consider
the most beautiful phase of their
development, when the breaking
buds spread a delicate pink veH
through the trees. A few more warm
days will bring out the blossoms in
lush profusion.
Italian Police Seize
Luciano Aboard Ship
In Genoa Harbor
Former Vice Czar to Be
Sent to Sicily for Probe
Of Trip to Cuba
By the Associate! Pr«s
GENOA, Italy, April 12.—Gen
oese police went aboard the
Turkish steamer Bakir in Genoa
harbor today and took custody
of Charles (Lucky) Luciano,
one-time New York vice czar, re
deported to Italy from Cuba.
Ten policemen boarded the vessel
and brought Luciano ashore in a
motor launch.
Police Chief Califfl Filippo said
Luciano was taken into custody in
the harbor, rather than waiting
until the Bakir docked, because no
publicity was desired.
Persons aboard the Bakir said
Luciano apparently had not expect
ed to be jailed on his arrival.
The vessel^ purser said Luciano
was the sole first-class passenger, 13
others crossing tourist class.
He said Luciano, who paid his own
passage of $300, had complete free
dom aboard the ship.
Dr. Adolfo Colombo, Genoa's
assistant chief of police, said earlier
that Luciano would be confined here
until arrangements couia oe maae
to transfer him to Palermo, Sicily,
for investigation of his return to
the Western Hemisphere last year.
Luciano, a native of Sicily, was
sentenced in New York in 1936 to
serve 30 to 50 years in Sing Sing on
charges of compulsory prostitution.
After serving nine and a half years
he was paroled and deported.
After spending seven months in
Italy he bobbed up unexpectedly, last
October, in Havana. On February 21,
the United States Bureau of Nar
cotics notified the Cuban govern
ment that it would ship no more
narcotics to Cuba because Luciano's
presence there might lead to "diver
sion of the drugs.”
Cuban secret police arrested
Luciano next day and Interior
Minister Alfredo Pequeno instituted
deportation proceedings. President
Ramon Grau San Martin signed the
deportation order on Pebruary 27
and on March 20, after a series of
legal proceedings which found the
interior minister refusing five times
to produce Luciano for a hearing as
direeted by the courts, Luciano was
departed aboard the Bakir.
9 Missing as British Ship
| Strikes Mine and Sinks
ly th» Associated Prm
AMSTERDAM, April 12.—Nine
persons were missing and feargd
dead after the 824-ton British
freighter Viceroy struck a mine in
the Western Scheldt between Ant
werp and Vlisslngen early today and
sank immediately.
Pour injured crew members ar
rived at Vlissingen aboard, the Swed
ish steamer Longa /
United States park police were
prepared to accommodate larger
crowds today and tomorrow than
the record of 350,000 who visited the
displays before the war interrupted
the festival.
Only a relatively few parking
spaces will be available in the im
mediate Tidal Basin area and police
advise spectators to park cars or
buses somewhere north of Consti
tution or east of Fourteenth street
and walk the rest of the way.
The forecast is for mostly sunny
this afternoon with a high of about
70. Tomorrow should be mostly
clear and cooler with the tempera
tures in the 60s. The April shower
which swept Washington last night
only freshened the outdoor scene for
the festivities:
Park police based their estimates
of record crowds on preliminary re
ports on early arrivals and the fact
that rhe weather forecast for the
week end in Washington was gen
erally fair for several days in ad
A concert by the Army Band, led
by Capt. Hugh J. Curry, was to be
(See Festival, Page a-2.)
UPWA Asks Truman
To Rescind His Order
For Loyalty Probe
CIO Affiliate Head Sees
Threat to Basic Civil
Rights of Americans
By Joseph Young
The CIO United Public Work
ers of America has asked Presi
dent Truman to rescind his
loyalty investigation executive
order, it was learned today.
Expressing the union’s outright
opposition to the order establishing
loyalty investigations of all Federal
employes and all Government job
applicants, Abram Flaxer, UPWA
president, wrote to Mr. Truman this
week asking that the order be
Previously the union had taken
no announced stand on the order,
although there had been reports it
was critical of various provisions of
the directive. Mr. Flaxer's letter,
however, asked that the entire order
be revoked.
Mr. Flaxer said the executive or
der "contains a greater threat to the
basic civil rights of the American
people than anything since the Alien
and Sedition Acts of 1798.’’
Deny Red Affiliations.
UPWA frequently has been under
lire for alleged left-wing and Com
munist leanings, and some observ
ers feel the executive order will hit
thn iininn KorH TTninn loo Hare Hanv
Communist affiliations, denouncing
their critics as “red-baiters.”
In his letter to President Truman,
Mr. Flaxer said the union was in
complete agreement with the pur
pose of the order “that the security
of the Government be maintained.
We join completely with you in the
belief that spies, saboteurs, traitors,
advocates of revolution against the
constitutional form of our Govern
ment, agents of foreign govern
ments, or persons who disclose con
fidential Government information
should be removed at once from the
Government service.”
Mr. Flaxer said, however, sufficient
(See LOYALTY, Page A-2.)
Premier Urges Japan
To Accept Democracy
By tha Associated Press
TOKYO, April 12.—Premier Shi
geru Yoshida said hi a campaign
speech in Southern Japan that the
nation owed the United States
$200,000,000 and “whether we like
it or not, the degree of dependency
on America will increase,” Tokyo
newspapers reported today.
“Our country cannot get away
from depending on foreign coun
tries for food and industrial recov
ery,” he said at Takamatsu in the
course of his campaign for a seat
in the Diet.
The Premier added that the
Japanese must realize their itofret
accept democracy sincerely and’
“unite as one to battle tha crisis ”
Hope for Phone
Peace Is Pinned
On Government
Long-Lines Talks
Collapse as Union
Ignores Ultimatum
Deadlocked tighter than ever
after a collapse in major nego
tiations, company and union of
ficials looked to Government to
day for a solution to the six
day-old telephone strike.
Refusing an American Telephone
& Telegraph Co. offer that would
settle one dispute without affecting
a score of others, union leaders inti
mated thiy were digging in for a
long fight.
More pronounced than ever was
the basic issue in the Nation-wide
stalemate—a demand by the Na
tional Federation of Telephone
Workers for industry-wide bargain
ing and the firm stand of the Bell
System for unlt-by-unit negotia
Schwellenbach Answer Awaited.
Both sides awaited an answer
from Secretary of Labor Schwellen
bach to a union suggestion that he
arrange a meeting between top of
ficials of the A. T. & T. and union
to explore the entire situation with
newsmen looking on.
There was more behind the scenes
talk of seizure under provisions of
the Federal Communications Act,
but administration leaders are cool
to this measure as long as there is
chance of settlement.
Union officials have said they
would attempt to take their “com
plete story’’ to President Truman in
the event A. T.,& T. turns down the
request for a face-to-face top-level
Negotiations between the long
lines division of the AT&T and
the American Union of Telephone
Workers collapsed when the NFTW’s
Virginia Operators
Charge Compulsion
Ey the Associated Press
RICHMOND, Va., April 12.—
The Virginia Federation of
Telephone Workers put a for
mal May 17 strike notice before
Gov. Tuck today and operators
at the main office of the Chesa
peake & Potomac Telephone Co.
greeted calls with this preamble:
“Due to an unjust State law, I
am compelled to handle your
An operator said in response
to questioning that it was a di
rection from the union and
went into effect at 10:05 a.m.
(Earlier Story on Page A-2.)
Policy Committee disregarded a
company ultimatum to sign a tenta
tive agreement by last midnight.
Against Union Policy.
Drawn up through long hours of
Conciliation Service-directed meet
ings this week, the agreement would
have sent six of the NFTW's na
tional bargaining issues to arbi
tration and settled 81 other local
Sent to the union committee
Thursday, the agreement was tabled
because it did not conform with the
NFTW policy against local arbitra
tion. The contract would have ap
plied to 20,000 workers in 42 States,
DUt it involved only one affiliate of
the NFTW
When the midnight deadline
passed without union action, George
S. Dring, assistant vice president of
A. T. & T„ said, "I suppose we will
have to start all over again.” The
agreement had been characterized
I tVia .nmnanv'e ‘‘final nffsr "
The Policy Committee had an op
portunity to act on the proposal
after Mr. Dring revealed the com
pany’s ultimatum at 6 pan. The
committee was called into special
session at 10 pm. to ratify a con
tract drawn up by a small affiliate
of plant craft workers in Sherman
and Denton. Tex.
It was a case of 49 committeemen
meeting to sanction a contract af
fecting only 43 workmen. The
workers’ old contract would have
expired tonight and they have not
been on strike. They signed an
agreement for 15 cents more an
hour, haif the figure asked in the
NFTW’s national demand for $12
more a week. The Texas company
involved is not a member of the
Bell System.
As 1,800 plant and maintenance
men of the New York Telephone Co.
started back to work in upper New
York today, company spokesmen
hailed it as the "first break” in the
strike involving 300,000 workers. But
union spokesmen here said the union
involved was not affiliated with
NFTW. The union .agreed to arbi
trate a $12 week wage demand.
In the Washington area, where
(See TELEPHONE, Pag'eA^l)
Marquette Is Blanketed
By Six Inches of Snow
Sy lh» Associated Press
CHICAGO, April 12.—Unseason
ably cold weather covered the entire
Midwest today.
Marquette, Mich., had 6 inches of
snow last night and today, and it
was still snowing this morning.
Snow fell in the northern suburbs
of Chicago,.and flurries were re
ported in Wisconsin and Northern
Duluth and Bemldji, Minn., each
had low readings of 15 degrees, and
the cold air swept across the Ohio
River, bringing temperatures down
to 42 at Louisville, Ky.; 40 at Evans
ville, Ind., and 30 at Bowling Green,
The Weather Bureau said the
snow would end tonight in Michigan,
Wisconsin and Northem Illinois, but
that the weather would remain fair
and celd tomorrow, with rising
temperatures Monday.
Envoy Sees Wilhelmina
THE HAGUE, April 12 (/P).-The
new United States Ambassador to
the Netherlands, rferman Baruch,
handed his credentials to Queen
Wilhelmina today during an audi
ence at the Royal Palace.

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