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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 21, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast GuiH«
Windy, cool today. Light rain this afternoon WU1UB TOr ncaUerS
and tonight, low about 40. Tomorrow, sunnv Page. Page,
and mild. Amusements ...A-15 Obituary.A-12
Temperatures today-High, 50, at 12:01 am.: FriwL.
iTs Js’pm6!^^^^^"^11’ “* Editorial Articles A-H Kri . A-lfi n
at 5.55 p.m low, 49. at 6.15 am. Finance _A-19 Where to Go „_M
_(Pul1 Heport on p»ae a-3.) Lost and Found-.A-3 j Womans Page...B-9
-.New York Markets, Page AJ9._ _ An Associated Press Newspo"^
9oth YEAR* *N O. 5^.606 PllOTlS NA. $000. City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday r /^'E1XTrnci
- 90e a Month. When 5 Sundays. $1.00 O V^ JlaJN _L to
PricesMustCome Down to Avoid
Recession, Truman Says in Talk
Before 1,000 Editors in New York
Business Moderation,
Labor Forbearance
Needed, He Asserts
(Text of Speech on Page A-4.)
By Joseph A. Fox
Stor Staff Correspondent
NEW YORK. April 21.—Presi
dent Trunian warned today that
“excessive wholesale prices” are
undermining the prosperity of
the Nation.
Addressing'more than 1,000 news
paper executives at the annua
luncheon of ' the Associated Pres:
at, the Waldorf Astoria Hotel, Mr
Truman asserted* that prices musi
be brought down if a recession i.«
to be averted and said there musl
1. "Moderation on the part ol
2. “Forbearance on the part ol
labor” plus greater productivity.
3. “All-out effort on the part ol
the farmer.”
4. “Wise guidance and action or
the part of the Government."
President Truman arrived by spe
cial train from Washington at 11:21
a.m. and was greeted at Pennsyl
vania Station by New York City and
Associated Press representatives.
15,000 Line Route.
The President entered his car and
rode through a light rain to the
Waldorf Astoria. He was accom
panied from the train by his per
sonal chief of staff . Admiral William
D. Leahy.
More than 2 000 specially assigned
police guarded the station and route
of the presidential party included
Mr. Truman's military and nava,
aides. Maj. Gen. Harry K. Vaughan
and Rear Admiral James H Foekett:
Presidential Assistant John R. Steel
man, and the President's physician.
Brig. Gen. Wallace H. Graham.
Accompanying the party to the
hotel were Acting Mayor Vincent R
Impellitteri. Deputy Mayor John J.
Bennett and Polire Commissioner
Arthur W. W'allander. Mayor Wil
1; __. rv'n,..,.** iM r>«li
Record Production is Cited.
Making the first presidential ap
pearance at the Associated Press
gathering since President Hoover
spoke to the organization in 1929,
Mr. Truman called on the American
press to bring home to the people
the necessity for prompt, preventive
steps" to ward off economic disaster.
And injecting a new note into his
Of ten-repeated demand for a check
on the price spiral, the President
asserted that only a prosperous
America can pursue its announced
policy of aiding ‘‘the free peoples of
the world in their efforts to main
tain iheir freedoms."
Mr. Truman, whose talk was car
ried by all radio networks, prefaced
his attack on prices by drawing a
picture of record Industrial pro
duction and a growth in the na
tional income to $176,000,000,000
which has raised individual pur
chasing power from $82.5 in 1929 to
$1,090 today—an increase of 32 per
Against this, however, he cited
such increases in retail prices as 23
per cent for house furnishings, 24
per cent for clothing and 31 per cent
for food.
Rent Alone is Stable.
‘Only rent, because it is under
rent, control, has remained practi
cally stable." he said.
Even more dangprous rh%n the
rise in retail prices is the sharp risp
in wholesale prices since 1945." he
continued. Here are examples:
"Textiles—up 39 per cent: farm
products—up 40 per cent; building
materials—up 51 per cent: food—
up 53 per cent.
"Excessive wholesale prices are
translated inevitably into higher
retail prices. With higher and higher
retail prices, families can buy less
and less. Thus, excesive wholesale
prices are hitting at the foundation
of our prosperity, for we can be
prosperous only when business ac
tivity is at its maximum."
The President also repeated ear
lier warnings that failure of busi
ness to bring down prices would be
(See TRUMAN, Page A-4.1
Phone Pickets Battle
Police in Detroit
(Picture and Washington Telephone
Story on Page A -3.1
By the Associated Press
Ut' I IWU i . II Hi. - ¥ UUCHUl
flared on the picket line of the
strike-bound main plant of the
Michigan Bell Telephone Co. today
and two persons were injured and
22 were arrested, including two
union officials.
Police and strikers clashed when,
police said, pickets attempted to
block off the business office entrance
and keep out non-striking employes
reporting for work.
Police Inspector Ezra Johnson
ordered the arrest of Walter Schaar.
president of the Federation of Tele
phone Employes of Michigan. Ind..
and J. Bernard Hawkins, strike di
rector, charging they attempted to
argue with him during the melee.
Police wielded nightsticks and strik
ers lashed out with fists during the
short-lived brawl.
Non-striking employes were met
with outbursts of catcalls from the
pickets as they attempted to enter
the building. Police cleared the
disputed entrance way in the quick
tcuffle and formed protective lines.
The 22 arrested were booked at a
{tectnct police station on charges
5. investigation of inciting a riot.
1Jlt.er the>' were released to
' ^nsens. attorney for the
•ort tn Tons- Rnd ordered to re
tort to Recorders Court for ar
.*ugnmem Tuesday.
The union's secretarv. Helen Ber
the, Dickp,s offered no
& i b’u sdded
we are just tired of rops escorting
Xabs through our picket lines^ 8
Secret Talks
^At Moscow Fail
To End Snarl
By the Associated Press
MOSCOW, April 21. — After
nearly two hours in semi-secret
session, the Council of Foreign
Ministers adjourned tonighJ with
only a curt announcement that
1 they had discussed the Austrian
Asked if Anst&ac would be brought
up again on ttaBfrenda. an official
spokesman saioit was probably
but he declined to elaborate.
It was apparent, however, that
the meeting had failed to reach
any definite agreement on major
issues. A high official source said
there still was a faint chance some
agreement might be made on the
Austrian treaty.
It was the second semi-secret
session of this conference.
The action wras taken on sug
gestion by Secretary of state Mar
shall. It followed a declaration
by Russia's V. M. Molotov renewing
his opposition to including in the
Austrian treaty a clause guaran
teeing Austria's integrity.
When it became apparent the
Soviets still were unyielding on
even semi-important issues, Gen.
Marshall said he saw no use in re
peating discussions already made
and suggested proceeding as a semi
secret committee. All advisers were
'See MOSCOW, Page A-5.i
Anderson Proposes
Farm Plan With Goal
Of 420 Million Acres
Price Floors Included
In Program Outlined
To House Committee
By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr.
Secretary of Agriculture An
derson today proposed to Con
gress a long-range agricultural
program of “organized, sus
tained, realistic abundance” with
at least 420.000,000 acres in cul
tivation to meet that goal.
Tiie secretary presented, for the
first time, the broad outline of the
Administration's farm program for
the years ahead to the House Ag
ricultural Committee which opened
I hearings on developing postwar ag
ricultural policy.
Chairman Hope asserted at t.h“
outset that the hearings were being
I held now. when farmers are enjoy
ing prosperity, on the theory that
"the best time to fix the roof is when
the sun is shining.’’
Mr. Anderson asserted, “The pol
icy I am proposing is one that is
vastly difficult to put into effect. No
country has ever done it. I think
no country has ever seriously at
tempted it as national policy; per
haps that is why it has never been
Says 1'. S. Can Lead.
The United States, he declared,
can lead "toward a democratic world
of abundance or we can lead toward
a regimented world of scarcity."
Laying aside surplus control 'meas
niu uv/»cuuncm uunu|c
the 1930s, Mr. Anderson asserted
that it evidently would be impos
sible to limit, total production over
a period of years without resorting
to complete dictatorship or impov
erishment of producers and the
land.' The only choice then, he
added, “is to create a pattern of
production through which to use
our resources wisely.”
He said the House committee’s
study will have an important bear
ing on the livelihood of 26.000,000
American farm people, on the fu
ture health and well-being of all
1 See AGRICULTURE. Page A-5.)
B. & 0. Loan Inquiry
Postponed for Week
By the Associated Press
The Senate Banking Committee
mday postponed for a week the
scheduled resumption of its inquiry
into the $80,000,000 RFC loan to
the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad.
Committee aides said witnesses
who had been expected to testify
tomorrow will be unable to appear
until April 29.
Chairman Tobey of the commit
tee has contended at previous hear
ings that extension of the maturity
date of the loan to 1965 was
"clearly illegal." Charles B Hen
derson. retiring chairman of the
i RFC board, has disputed this.
lAFL Invites CIO
To Merger Talk
Here Thursday
New Moves for Peace
Traced to Pressure of
Labor Legislation
forecast with pay settlement.
Page /*-3
By th* Associated Press
The American Federation of
Labor Executive Council today
invited the Congress of Indus
trial Organizations' Peace Com
mittee to confer here Thursday
on merger of the two big labor
| organizations.
AFL President William Green an
nounced the invitation after a meet
ing of the council to discuss general
j problems, including the prospect that
Congress will enact sharp restrict
j ions on labor union activities.
Mr Green said a telegram was
sent to CIO President Philip Mur
ray suggesting the meeting.
The groups have made frequent
gestures toward union, but no real
progress in that direction.
The council's decision to bring up
the matter again at this time ap
peared to be traceable to the crisis
building up for labor unions in the
form of legislation in Congress.
The CIO has insisted that before
organic unity” can be discussed,
both organizations—with a total of
more than 13,500.000 members—
must co-operate in fighting restric
tive national and State legislation.
Up to now, in the exchange of
communications between the two
groups, the AFL has contended that
effective co-operation in that field
can only be achieved by actual
merger of the two groups.
Five-Man Committee*.
I Each organization has a com
mittee of five empowered to discuss
a merger.
The AFL committee is composed
of Mr. Green, John L. Lewis of the
Miners, William L. Hutcheson of
l he Carpenters. Daniel J. Tobin of
the Teamsters and George Meany.
secretary-treasurer of the AFL.
The CIO committee includes Mr.
Murray. Walter P. Reuther of the
Auto Workers, Emil Rieve of the
• Textile Workers, Jacob Potofsk.v of
the Amalgamated Clothing Work
ers and Albert J. Fitzgerald of the
United Electrical Workers.
The AFL council is scheduled to
meet here for about two weeks.
Thus the Federation's policy
making group will be on hand for
most, if not all, of the Senate's
debate on a committee - softened
labor bill which some members have
pledged to try to toughen up on the
Debate on the measure is sched
uled to begin Wednesday.
Privately some members of the
AFL Executive Council voiced confi
dence that President Truman would
veto the legislation if it follows the
design of the Hartley bill which
went through the House last week
by a majority of nearly 3 to 1.
AFL Might Alter Policy.
Underneath this confident air.
however, was the statement of
Mr. Meany last week that if the
Republicans persist in adopting a
policy toward organized labor simi
lar to the Hartley bill, the 66-year
old federation may abandon its tra
ditional non-partisan policy in the
1948 elections.
Many politicians regarded this as
a threat to join forces with the
CIO's Political Action Committee,
which uo to now has received little
co-operation from the AFL.
The council includes such Re
publican stalwarts as Mr. Lewis and
(See LABOR. Page A-6.)
Freak New England Storm
Brings 9 Inches of Snow
By Associated Press
BOSTON. April 21.—Up to 9 inches
of snow fell in some sections of
Southern New England today as a
freak spring storm cut a narrow
path through the region, and pre
dictions were that temperatures
w-ould fall below freezing tonight.
A mixture of rain, sleet and snow
brought miserable weather to South
ern New Hampshire. Eastern
Massachusetts and the Berkshire-.
Manchester, N. H, reported 9
inches of snow, Concord. N. H , 6
and Pittsfield in Western Massachu
setts 5. Sleet was falling in Boston
There was no damage to crops.
Ehrenburg Assails Greek Aid
In Reply to David Lawrence
By Eddy Gilmore
Aisociated Press Staff Correspondent
MOSCOW, April 21.—Russian Ilya
Ehrenburg. publicist, today char
acterized President Truman's plan
to aid Greece and Turkey as a
salary to a butcher, an award to
a jail keeper and a tip to the gen
The article in the magazine Cul
ture and Life was handled as an
open letter to David Lawrence,
editor of the United States News of
Washington, who previously had
penned an often letter to Mr. Ehren
burg concerning the Russian's
lengthy, critical utterance about the
State Department's "Voice of Amer
ica” broadcast to Russia.
"You are not thinking about bread
for starving Greeks but about oil
for well fed Americans." Mr. Ehren
burg told Mr. Lawrence.
♦ Perhaps you think we should be
touched by your aid to Turkey. We
know you recently refused to give
food to Yugoslavia, which fought
against our common foes. Nazi Ger
many and Fascist Italy. Instead you
hasten to aid Turkey, which, during
the war years, supplied Germany as
it could.
“I know you cannot do anything
base without uttering at. the same
time at least 100 noble words.”
i Mr. Lawrence, in his open let
ter to Mr. Ehrenburg. asked for
patience, honesty and under
standing between Russia and the
United States. Of the Greek
Turkish aid program, he had this
to say:
(“Let us confess that we have
made mistakes and that we. for
instance, may misunderstand
even now what you are doing in
the Balkans, in Greece and Tur
key. in Korea. Let us concede
^See EHRENBURG, Page A-6 ■
Princess Elizabeth, 21 Today,
Asks Youth Aid for Empire
Heiress to Throne Solemnly Dedicates Life
To British Commonwealth in Broadcast
»y the Associated Press
CAPETOWN, April 21.—Prin
cess Elizabeth, 21 years old to
day, solemnly dedicated her life
to the service of the British
commonwealth and called on
its youth to lift the heavy bur
dens of empire from the should
ers of its elders.
In a 10-minute broadcast, to an
audience vaster than any ever before
reached by an heir to the British
throne, she spoke particularly to the
youth cf the far-flung empire.
"I declare before you all," she said,
'that my whole life, whether it be
long or short, shflll be devoted to
your service and the service of our
great imperial family to which we
all belong. But I shall not have the
strength to carry out this resolution
alone, unless you join in it with m'>,
i as i now invite you to ao. 1 Know
that your support wall be unfailingly
The Princess' address climaxed a
day which began with a 21-gun
salute in her honor. While gifts and
congratulatory messages poured in
gay crowds, enjoying a public holi
day, serenaded the attractive heires;
presumptive to the throne of het
father, George VI.
Elizabeth, broadcasting to the
commonwealth from a small room
adjoining the Queen's study in Gov
ernment House, begged the youth of
the empire to be undaunted by the
hardships of the war left behind and
the tasks of the peace yet to come.
‘‘Although there are none of my
father's subjects, from the eldest
to the youngest, whom I do not
wish to greet," she said. I am
(See ELIZABETH, Page A-67) ~
Frederik IX Assumes
Dead Father's Throne
As Danes' 38th King
Two World Wars Spanned
By 35-Year Reign of
76-Year-Old Christian X
By th* Associated Press
King Frederik IX, 48-year-old
lover of music, seafaring and
speed, took Denmark’s throne
today as successor to his father,
Christian X, whose death at 76
last night ended a reign of 25
years through two world wars.
Knud Kristensen, Premier of this
constitutional monarchy, proclaimed
him King—the 38th of his line—this
afternoon from the balcony of
Parliament meeting place. Chris
tianborsg Castle—thus formalizing
his automatic succession to rulership
when Christian died.
Queen at Bedside.
Death came to Christian at 11:04
p.m. <5:04 p.m., EST> in his cur
tained. three-w'indowed bedroom
of Amalienborg Castle in the cen
ter of Copenhagen.
He had been ill 15 days—since
suffering a heart attack Easter
Sunday, and was unconscious almost
eight hours. A doctor—one of the
King’s four—reported death was
due to heart failure. While bed
fast, Christian had developed lung
trouble and gangrene.
With the King when he died were
Queen Alexandrine. Crown Prince
Frederik. regent since April 8: Fred
erik's wife, Ingrid, and Christian's
other son. Prince Knud. 46. A court
source reported the King's last w'ords
to them were:
“Mv task on this earth is over. I
have peace with my God and with
myself. I am so tired. * • *”
5.000 Subjects Outside.
Outside waited some 5.000 of the
King's subjects. To them the word
was passed. “His majesty died 10
minutes ago." Men took off their
hats. Women bowed, some with
tears in their eyes. This city's two
main newspapers, publication sus
pended because of a strike, broadcast
the news by loudspeaker.
Christian was known to 4.000,000
subjects in this tiny country ol
i See KING, Page A-6.t
J. C. Nugent, 69, Veteran
Of Stage, Dies at Lambs
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. April 21.—J. C. Nu
gent, 69. veteran vaudeville trouper
and actor and playwright, died at
the Lambs Club today. He was the
father of Actor Elliott Nugent.
Mr. Nugent's last appearance on
Broadway was in 1944 when he
wrote and starred in “That Old Dev
il,” a comedy dealing with a retired
A native of Niles. Ohio. Mr. Nu
gent acted in vaudeville in sketches
of his own composition and also
sketches by others. Notable among
them were “The Dumb-Bell,” “The
Rising Son,” "The Trouper,” and
"God Loves Us."
He had collaborated in writing
plays with his son. Elliott, a star of
both the stage and screen and
author of plays and motion picture
Daylight Saving Bill
Is Returned to House
For Last-Ditch Battle
Committee Tally 14 to 5;
Floor Fight Due Monday;
Home Rule Study Voted
By Don S. Warren
In a repeat performance, made
necessary by the opposition, the
House District Committee todaj
; approved Washington's local op
tion daylight saving bill.
By a rollcall vote of 14 to 5, the
committee sent the measure back
! to the House where a last-ditch fight
for its enactment is scheduled for
next Monday.
At the same time, the committee
■sanctioned a request from Chairman
Auchincloss of the Home Rule Sub
committee for formal authority and
a $15,000 expense account for a full
| fledged study of District government
j re-organization and home rule.
The Auchincloss resolution now
will go to the Committee on House
Administration for the allocation of
funds to hire legal and other help.
Fowler to Be Employed.
Representative Auchincloss. Re
publican, of New Jersey, announced
plans to employ Henry H. Fowler
Washington lawyer, to head the sub
committee staff on t'ne re-organiza
tion Issues.
Mr. Fowler is a partner in the law
firm of Fowler & Symington.
The Senate, by a vote of 56 to 17
approved the McGrath local optior
daylight time bill on March 24
House Committee Chairman Dirk
sen asked the group today to aci
on this measure instead of his owr
lr»r*al rv r\ f i nrt Kill tn n v/** i rl a nr nne.
! sible delay due to technicalities o:
parliamentary procedure. This wa.<
The House was to have acted Iasi
| Monday on the Dirksen bill, but h<
i did not call it up because opponent;
of daylight saving served notice or
him that they would make a poim
of order against the bill. The poini
was there had been no quorum o]
the District Committee actualh
present when the measure was re
1 ported.
Today's meeting was scheduled tr
cure this technical defect. At thf
beginning of today’s meeting, how
Rain and Cold Will End
Tomorrow, Bureau Says
Raincoat weather is expected tr
1 play only a one-dav stand here
i the Weather Bureau said today, ir
forecasting sunny and mild weathei
by tomorrow afternoon.
The temperature was expected t<
remain in the 40s today with oc
casional rain to add to the gloom
Tomorrow, cloudy skies in the morn
ing will give way to sunshine and s
high of 60 degrees, the forecastei
The mercury rose to a high of 81
degrees yesterday, sending thou
sands of picnickers and strollers t<
the Zoo and parks.
More than 60,000 persons lookec
at the cherry blossoms around th<
Tidal Basin. Park police rqportec
j 23.600 visited the Lincoln Memorial
more than 28.000 saw the ball gams
at Griffith Stadium and 14.500 wen!
to the Jefferson Memorial. Rod
Creek Park attracted more than 5.
)00 visitors,
U Billion Fund Slash
For Army and Navy
Urged by Bridges
Senator Says Greek Aid
Is No Reason to Use
Full Budget Estimate
Chairman Bridges of the Sen
ate Appropriations Committee
today advocated a $1,500,000,000
cut in Army-Navy spending de
j spite contentions that the serv
ices must be kept at full strength
; to back the Greek-Turkish and
other possible foreign aid pro
Senator Bridges said he sees no
1 reason why President Truman's pro
gram of flocking Communist threats
to the Mediterranean nations makes
it necessary to spend the full *11,
200.000,000 which the President
asked for the Army and Navy dur
ing the year beginning July 1.
, "I think if we work judiciously we
i we can cut $1,000,000,000 off the
| Army requests and $500,000,000 off
| the Navy without impairing their
efficiency,” the New Hampshire
Senator said.
However. Senator Gurney, Re
publican. of South Dakota, a mem
ber of the appropriations commit
j tee. has served notice he will oppose
! any sizeable reduction in the armed
! services budget while world condi
tions remain so unsettled as to re
quire this country to go to the aid
| of foreign governments.
Resumes Greek Aid Debate Today.
tne senate resumes aeoate on tne
$400,000,000 Greek - Turkish assist
ance bill today in preparation for a
final vote on the measure at 4 p.m.
Two week - end developments
cleared away some of the contro
versy surrounding the measure but
left indications that approximately
a score of Senators will oppose the
program in tomorrow's expected
favorable vote.
These developments centered on
two statements by Chairman Van
denberg of the Senate Foreign Re
lations Committee. The Senator
said yesterday he will accept an
amendment to the bill specifying
that the measure does not commit
the Government to support private
American oil agreements in the
[ Middle East. On Saturday Senator
! Vandenberg made it known that he
will oppose shipment of final Lend
Lease goods to Russia until the Rus
sians settle their $11,000,000,000
war-time account.
To Save in Administrative Field.
Senator Bridges, who supports
the Greek-Turkish measure, said he
thinks the increased expenditures
involved can be more than offset
by reductions in the military budget.
He emphasized, however, that he
plans savings in administrative and
; other fields, rather than cuts in
'See FOREIGN, Page A-5.t
Bataan Horror Victims Ask Bills
For Compensation From Japs
survivors Testiry
At Hearing of
Senate Committee
By George Kennedy
A reminder of the horrors of
the recent past was given a con
gressional committee today when
survivors of the Bataan death
march testified in favor of bills
which would collect some com
pensation from the Japanese
nation for the victims of its mili
tary brutality to prisoners and
military internees.
Comments from members of the!
, House Interstate and Foreign Com-1
merce Committee under Chairman |
Hinshaw, as they questioned wit
nesses, indicated they were de-!
termined to do something about it. i
First of the survivors to testify
was Cel. Alfred C. Oliver, jr., U. S.:
i A. (retired), 1220 Florida avenue^
N.W.. the senior chaplain of the
force that surrendered on Bataan
Peninsula in April. 1942.
Col. Oliver smiled grimly at times
as he told his story. A big, strong
man of plus 60, with a crew haircut,
his chin rested on a leather support
that bulged his jowls. A blow with
the butt of a Japanese soldier's
rifle broke his neck.
He said he was one of three ©fB-i
* cers who went to the ^Japanese j
Chaplain on Bataan, as he
testified, today on Japanese
—Stqr Staff Photo.
commandant of Camp O'Donnell,
the first prison camp to receive the
(See BATAAN, Page A-5.)
Interior Fund Is Cut
47% by House Group;
15,000 Face Release
1,500 in Offices Here
May Be Dismissed;
Figure 'Conservative'
By Joseph Young
Interior Department officials
said today that the 47 per cent
cut in their 1948 appropriations
request will mean the dismissal
of between 10,000 and 15,000 of
their 44.000 employes.
The officials said about 1.500 em
ployes in Washington would prob
ably get the ax, with the rest of the
dismissals coming in various field
The 10.000 to 15.000 dismissal esti
mate was destribed by top Interior
officials as "conservative." Hardest
hit will he employes in the Reclama
tion Bureau, Indian Office, Bureau
of Land Management and the Bu
reau of Mines.
Interior employes in Washington
number 4,225. In addition there are
about 1,000 transferred employes in
Chicago who are due to return here
when space conditions permit. If
>•*»»- vwipiw,) VO til V, 11IV.1UU1.V1,
it will mean that the departmental
force here will lose about 2.000
Here is a preliminary Interior
estimate of how some of their
Washington employes will fare if
the House Appropriations Commit
tee bill is allowed to stand:
Approximately 33 per cent of the
employes in the Office of the Secre
tary and the Bureau of Reclamation
will lose their jobs.
This percentage also will hold
true in the Bureau of Land Manage
ment and the Bureau of Mines, it
was said. The Oil and Gas Divi
sion here, which only has 41 work
ers, will be wiped out except for one
or two employes. Another small
bureau here, the Division of Geogra
phy, which employes 60 workers,
also will be wiped out.
The 33 pier cent personnel cut in
the major Interior bureaus here will
hold true generally in its field offices
throughout the country, it was said.
However, the personnel cuts aren't
expected to be quite as high in the
Fish and Wild Life Service and the
Geological Survey.
Thousands to Get Annual Leaves.
The department started mapping
plans today to send thousands of its
employes on annual leaves. This
will be done to avoid having to pay
these workers in cash for unused
annual leaves. The mass annual
leaves are expected to start almost
Interior officials are pinning their
hop)es on the Senate to restore at
least part of the cut made by the
House Appropriations Committee.
They do not exp>ect the House to re
buff the committee since a Western
bloc reportedly opposed to drastic
cuts is only a small numerical mi
nority in Congress of the total
House membership.
They feel, however, that the
chances of more liberal Senate ac
, tion are more promising since the
senate Appropriations Subcommit
tee that will hold hearings on In
terior's 1948 appropriations request
; is composed largely of Westerners.
It is the Western areas that will suf
fer most heavily in the curtailment
of reclamation and other programs
Simplified Ratings Urged.
One of the highlights of the House
committee's hearings on the Inte
rior Department bill was the ad
vocacy of a simplified Federal effi
ciency ratings system by Dr. R. R.
Sayers, director of the Bureau of
Terming the present system a
"morale breaker." Dr. Sayers said,
"We need only two grades, either
satisfactory or unsatisfactory.”
The present system, which has
been sharply criticized by many
Government workers, grades Federal
employes as unsatisfactory, fair,
good, very good and excellent.
Dr. Sayers said his proposal would
eliminate a lot of work and many
reactions that are damaging to the
morale of the organization.
Two Killed in Bombay Riots
BOMBAY, April 21 (/P).—A dusk
to-dawn curfew was imposed on
trouble centers in Bombay today
after a new outbreak of Hindu
Moslem rioting yesterday in which
two persons were killed and 20 in
jured. Officials said the curfew
would remain in effect for seven
i days.
Half of Slash Taken
From Appropriation
For Reclamation
By th\p Associated Press
An unprecedented 47 per cent
budget cut was recommended for
the Interior Department today
by the House Appropriations
Slashing vigorously in its prom
ised meat ax drive to chop $6,000.
000.000 from President Truman's
$37,500,000,000 Federal budget for
1948, the committee sent to the
House floor a $156,538,513 bill to op
erate the Interior Department for
the 12 months starting July 1.
Tills is $138,881,907 below the
President’s budget estimates. $101.
362,173 under current appropria
tions, but $26,860,053 above the
department’s last prewar fund in
With a single exception—the Fine
Arts Commission -which received
the full $12,000 it requested, every’
one of the department's far-flung
activities felt the committee's ax.
If Congress follows the commit
tee’s recommendation, the Division
of Power and the Division of Geog
raphy will be abolished, the Oil
and Gas Division will be cut down
to “hot oil" act enforcement activ
ities. and thousands of Interior De
Dartment emnoves will be looking
for jobs.
Reclamation Bureau Bard Hit.
And such multimillion dollar agen
cies as the Reclamation Bureau, -
the Bonneville lOreg.i Power Ad
ministration. the Bureau of Indian
Affairs, the Geological Survey, the
Bureau of Mines, the Fish and Wild
life Service and the National Park
Service, will be required to get along
on sharply-trimmed budgets.
The committee approved $3,750.
000 for road work in Alaska—a cut
of $603.000—after hearing Army of
ficials stress the importance of high
ways to support military bases in
the northern territory.
Well over half of the entire re
duction in the bill was applied w
the Reclamation Burean. A battle
to restore some of the funds will
be fought out on the House floor
when the measure comes up for de
bate beginning Thursday.
The bureau asked for $145,952,200.
The committee gave It $62,717,600. a
cut of $83,234,600. However, with
money left over as a result of a
1947 presidential freeze order on
construction, the bureau will have
$141,085,367 available to it next year,
the committee said.
Reductions “Not Arbitrary."
Here’s a thumbnail summary of
what the committee recommended
for other departmental activities:
Secretary’s office, $3,424,000, a re
duction of $2,862,500; Booneville
Power Administration, $6,907,800, a
$13,.Tiro,200 cut; Southwestern Power
Administration, $1,371,000, a slash of
$2,554,000; Bureau of Land Manage
ment. $3,618,500, down $1,388,300;
Indian Affairs Bureau. $33,122,133,
a reduction of $11.387,387; Geologi
cal Survey, $9,113,230, a cut of $8,
991.670; Bureau of Mines, $10,983,875,
reduced $4,250,845 from the budget
estimate: National Park Sendee,
$10,304,655. down $4,250,845; Fish
and Wildlife Service, $5,960,320. a
$4,377,980 slash: government of the
territories, $9,002,400, reduced by
The committee acted on the
recommendation of a subcommittee
headed by Representative Jones,
Republican, of Ohio, which con
ducted long hearings. In printed
form, the testimony filled three
volumes totalling approximately 4,
000 pages and weighing more than
10 pounds.
“We gave the department's esti
mates most thorough consideration,"
Mr. Jones told reporters. “None of
the reductions was arbitrary; all are
within reason. No essential activity
will be crippled.”
Construction Referred.
The cuts recommended, Mr. Jones’
committee said in its formal report,
represent “only a beginning in re
ducing appropriations to a sound
“The recommended reductions in
this bill do not mean that your
committee is unsympathetic to or
is unaware of the economic values
of irrigation, reclamation, and the
sound usp nf hvHrrw»1oc*f
(See INTERIOR, Page A-47>
Gem Custodian's Evidence
Attacked at Durant Trial
By th# Associated Press
FRANKFURT, April 21.—The trial
of Col. Jack W. Durant, of Chicago
in the $1,500,000 Kronberg jewel
theft, reopened today with defense
counsel attempting to show' incon
sistencies In the previous testimony
of Prince Wolfgang von Hesse,'cus
todian of the gems.
Durant's counsel called as a wit
ness Lt. Col. John A. Dwinell, a
Brooklyn lawyer who headed the
defense of the defandant's wife, for
mer WAC Capt. Kathleen Nash Du
rant, who received a five-year sen
tence for her part in the thefts.
Col. Dwinell asserted that Prince
Wolfgang once told him he could not
identify any of the pieces in the gem
collection, although he had been
entrusted with its care before it was
stolen from Kronberg Castle.
Stocks Rise Up to $3
On Steel Pay Accord
By the Associated Pres*
NEW YORK, April 21—Stock
leaders pushed ahead as much as $3
a share today in the first market
session since the steel wage settle
ment, although profit-taking re
duced some of the gains.
Several pivotal industrials and
rails opened late on transfers of
large blocks. The fast pace of early
dealings soon slowed.
The market declined last week to
its lowest level since October 29,

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