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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 25, 1947, Image 1

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Woather Forecast
Cloudy, cooler today, high in lower «Os. To
night, rain, low around 50. Tomorrow, clear
and wanner In afternoon.
Temperatures today—High, 69, at 12:01 ajn.;
low. 53, at 7:10 a.m. ïesterday—High, SI,
at 4:54 p.m.; low, 47, at f:45 a.m.
95th
Lqte New York Markets. Poge A-23.
YEAR.
Quid· for Roadort
Page.
Amusements —A+lt
Comics B-2Z-23
Editorial -A-18
Edifiai Articles, A-13
finance A-23
Lost and Found A-J
Page.
Obituary ' A-14
Radio ._a
Society, Clubs-..B-3
Sports ......A-tt-ll
Where to Go-B-24
Woman's Page.-Α-Ιβ
An Associated Press Newspaper
No. 57,610 Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 25, 1947 -FORTY-EIGHT PAGES. ***
City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday
90c a Month. When 8 Sundays, $1.00
5 CENTS
Marshall Plane
Is Due Here at
Noon Tomorrow
Secretary Takes Off
From Berlin on Way
Home Via Iceland
•y the Auociatad Pr«u
BERLIN, April 25.—Secretary
of State Marshall, reiterating his
disappointment in the meager
results of the Moscow confer
ence, took off by plane today foi
Iceland andt Washington at 3:25
p.m. (8:25 a.m. EST).
His pilot changed his intended
route from the Paris-Azores route to
the North Atlantic on hearing re
ports of good weather on that circle.
TV* a nlnno e»Vil/»U «"■Ο'1 4·*·~ 1
at Berlin, only will refuel at Iceland.
Gen. Marshall is expected to reach
Washington at noon tomorrow.
While here, the Secretary talked
with Gen. Lucius D. Clay, American
Military Governor, about the Mos
cow Conference and the effects of
the decisions on the occupation of
Germany.
Gen. Marshall spoke to reporters
when he landed at Templehof
Airdrome.
"I had hoped very much we
could get an agreement on the Aus
trian treaty," he said. "I would not
attempt to guess when that can
now be achieved."
He added, however, that the four
foreign ministers — from Britain,
France, Russia and the United
Ambassador Smith
Returning in May
For 2-Week Visit
By the Associated Press
"* MOSCOW, April 25.—The
United States Embassy said to
day that Ambassador Walter
Bedell Smith is planning to go
to the United States for a two
week visit early in May.
An Embassy official denied,
however, reports that Gen.
Smith was returning to Wash
ington to become Assistant Sec
retary of State.
States—would meet briefly in Sep
tember during the United Nations
AssMnbly sessions in New York and
hola their next formal conference
at London in November.
Big 3 Session Not Discussed.
Gen. Marshall said a possible
meeting of the Big Three—Presi
rînnf Triimew IfI
and Prime Minister Attlee—had not;
been diseussed during his stay in
Moscow.
The Secretary is planning a for
mal radio report to the American
people soon alter that.
He said "there was no possibility
of a German treaty at Moscow be
cause of the vast number of con
siderations."
"But I had hoped," he continued,
"to get more agreement on funda
mental issues, which would permit
more work to be done between now
and the next conference."
Clarification is Achievement.
Apparently still fresh after the
first leg of his long flight to Wash
ington, the Secretary indicated that
the mere clarification of the issues
blocking Allred unity in Germany
had been an achievement.
"We brought them into the light,"
he commented.
He refused 'comment on whether
Western Germany would become
more unified i'rt the next few months,
but declared:
"I do not think the difference of
opinion between Russia and the
Western Allies was increased at
Moscow. It was clarified. We came
to a clear understanding of what
were the disagreements."
Gen. Marshall was met at the air
field by Gen. Lucius D. Clay, the
American Military Governor of Ger
many, and talked with him during
the short stopover while his C-54
waa being checked and refueled.
Notes French Attitnde.
He indicated satisfaction with the
attitude of thé French delegation
at'Moscow.
"The feeling was that, the situa
tion with the French ha.* improved," ,
Gen. Marshall commented.
He refused to hazard a guess as
to how long it would take to settle
the key German issues, which in
clude reparations.
"These critical questions n»ust be
reconciled," Gen. Marshall said.
"The question is: How long can:
■uuicpç ctiuuic wiiijc wc me Strug
gling with these problems."
Marshall Declares Time
May Reveal Accomplishment
MOSCOW. April 25 iiPK—"I am
sorry that we did not make more
progress." Secretary of State Mar
shall said this morning just before
boarding his four-engine plane for
home, "but I imagine that as we
<See MARSHALL^ Page A-4.)
Chinese Dollar Plunges;
Total Collapse Predicted
•y th· Associated Press
SHANGHAI. April 25.—Many busi
nessmen predicted today, as prices
pushed to new highs, that the
Chinese dollar would spiral into
worthlessness..
The black market rate for foreign
exchange reportedly rose to 23,000
Chinese dollars to $1 United States,!
compared with the official rate of
12,000 to $1.
Business 'circles attributed the
weakness partly to what they termed
"printing press" money issued by the
government. They saw the 35,000
mark the one at which the Chinese
currency would become worthless.
With prices rising again. Shanghai
labor unions renewed demands for
revival of the monthly cost-of-living
index, on which wages formerly were
based. Wages now are frozen at j
January levels.
Rice was selling today at about
250,000 Chinese dollars a picul (133
poundsi. compared with the official
ceiling of 170.000. Beef and other
foods cost from 50 to 100 per cent,
more than they jdid two weeks &fo.
I
/ i
U. Ν. Committee Gives Up Hope
Of Full Accord on World Police
Military Staff Group Resumes Sessions
To Complete First Report by April 30
By th· Associated Press
NEW YORK, April 25.—The
Military Staff Committee of the
United Nations was reported to
day to have abandoned hopes of
reaching unanimous agreement
on several basic factors for a
global police force.
Resuming its secret sessions, the
committee turned to lesser principles
in a drive to complete its first report
by April 30.·
A source familiar with the work
of the committee said there would
be no formal vote but that all the
dissenting views—mostly Russian
would be shown in the body of the
; summary going to the parent Se
curity Council.
Major points of difference includ
j ed those covering availability of
bases for the international force, the
type of contributions by the Big
Five powers, and plans for with
drawal of troops after the end of
an emergency.
To meet a Security Council dead
line the committee must give its
report to that 11-nation body by
^ ...t i*r«J J -
U. S. Diplomats Fear
Reaction at Home to
Moscow Talk Failure
Conference Is Regarded
As Only First Stage of
Attempt at Settlement
By Newbold Noyes, Jr.
Stor Stoff Correspondent
MOSCOW, April 25.—American
diplomats here are worried about
public reaction^ to this fourth,
longest and least productive ses
sion. of the Big Four Council of
Foreign Ministers, which today
is consigned to history. They
are afraid it will be interpreted
back home as proof of the final
break between east and west.
They do not think it is. They see
It rather as the first stage of an
aJl-oA attempt to reach a general
European settlement with Russia by
getting at the heart of the problem.
They compare it to the Council's
first meeting on the satellite treaties
in London in the autumn of 1945.
That session, too, was a failure.
But after another year, on the
fourth try, those satellite treaties
were written.
What has happened? Why were
the Big Four so completely unable
MU1C ΙΛj icaul anjr ôuuotaii util j
agreement? There are two points,
which must be borne in mind if one ι
is to answer these questions. The !
first is general; the second more
specific.
The first is that Russia has been
pretty much accustomed to having
her own way at these conferences
This time she found herself faced
with a new attitude on our part—
a new firm line of policy at the
conference table. No longer did we
approach issues from the point of
view that they had to be settled
whatever the cost to us; ■ that the
producing of some kind of "agree
ment" between the Big Pour was
more important than the issues
themselves.
The western powers hewed from
the very beginning this time to a
line which amounted to insisting on
a genuine resolving of the issues
dividing us. There would be no
more glossed up compromises for us,
no more Potsdam, no more Yaltas.
There would be real settlement at
the core, or none at all.
This iS not to say that Secretary
of State Marshall came here to force
a "showdown'1 between ourselves!
and the Russians—to precipitate a ί
situation in which one side or the,
other had to back down. Peace is!
not made that way. But it is to say
that he came here to find a formula
by which basic interests could be
reconciled, and would accept no for
mula which violated our hasir in. I
terests.
The change of atmosphere was ;
more than Russia could take. It
remains to be seen whether she will [
ever accept the idea that she muet1
get along with us on our terms as ι
much as we with her on her terms.
At anv rate, she couldn't accept
this idea or get used to it here.
Truman Statement Unfortunate.
The second point has to do with
America's new Truman doctrine,
enunciated just as the conference
got under way. There is no deny
ing, from the strict point of view of
success in Moscow, that the timing
of the President's speech and the
subsequent debate back home was!
unfortunate.
It must have seemed painfully
clear to the men in the Kremlin that
any sign of appeasement on their
part would have been interpreted
in the United States as the flrst
fruit of our realistic new policy.
"We got tough and Russia backed
down. Let's have more of the same." j
(See NÔYEST Page A-6.)—
I The committee resumed its dis
i eussions in the wake of an extraordi
] nary Soviet statement denying a
newspaper report.
The Russian statement said:
"The New York Times and some
other newspapers of April 24 pub
lished reports as if the Soviet rep
resentatives on the United Nations
(Military Staff Committee wants to
have the reports of this committee
kept secret even after they are sub
mitted to the Security Council.
"Such reports published in some
of. the newspapers regarding the
position of the Soviet representa
: tives are false ones. The Soviet
I representatives on the Military Staff
Committee did not make any pro
posals of such character and did
not even discuss this question with
anybody."
The Soviet statement followed an
official announcement, from the
American delegation denying a sim
: ilarly published report that the
United States had joined with the
Soviet Union in calling for sup
pression of the report. The Amer
ican statement said the United
(See MILITARY, Page A-4.)
Kennan, Soviet Expert,
To Head Policy Board
Marshall Is Forming
Unit Will Help Fix
Long-Range Aims of
State Department
By Gornett D. Horner
George F. Kennan, veteran
career diplomat and known as
one of the top American experts '
on Russia, has been picked to
head a high - level planning
board being set up by Secretary
of State Marshall to help formu
late long-range foreign policy, it
was learned today.
Gen. Marshall is expected to se
lect other members of the board and
get it operating soon after his re
turn from Moscow tomorrow.
U».I- 11 it* ». - X
sist Gen. Marshall in laying down
long range policy objectives on a
more comprehensive basis than ever
undertaken before ior guidance in
day to day action. A major objec
tive is to insure consistency of all
routine policy decisions with the
Nation's long range interests.
It is understood that the board
yill be made up of about six men
Who will be freed from all responsi
bility for routine operations in the
Sttte Department in order to devote
thfclr" full time to the job.
Mr. Kenn&n now fit serving as
deputy commandant for foreign af
fairs of the National War College
here, which was reorganized last
fall for Joint study Of American
defense problems by Army, Navy
and foreign service officere.
He expects to continue his activi
ties at the War College on a pert
time basis until the end of the
scholastic year In June.
A veteran of 21 years' experi
ence in the foreign service, Mr.
Kennan has had three tours of duty
at the American Embassy in Mos- ■
cow. He accompanied Ambassador
William C. Bullitt to Moscow in
1933 to re-establish this Govern
ment's Embassy there after recog
nition of the Soviet government.
He was transferred to Vienna in ι
1935, then went back to Moscow
after a few months. After further,
service in Berlin and other Euro
pean capitals he was made Coun-j
selor of the Embassy at Moscow in
1944. I
Balkan Supercouncil
Myth, Dimitrov Says
By the Associated Press
SOFIA, April 25.—Georgi Dimi
trov, Bulgaria's Communist Premier,
last night denied the existence of a
"superadministration of the Bal
kans" headed by himself.
An Associated Press dispatch
from Athens on April 16 quoted
confidential Allied reports as saving
such an administration "decides
territorial questions, supervises mili
tary operations across the Greek
border and directs political thought
in Romania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia
and Albania."
Mr. Dimitrov, Communist hero of
the Berlin Reichstag fire trial of
1933 and former secretary general
of the Communist International,
said reports of such an administra
tion were "fantastic and obviously ·
ill-intended."
"Not only Is there no 'Balkan su
oeradministrative council,' " said Mr.
Dimitrov's statement, "but there are
no relations whatever between Bul
garia and the nations mentioned in
the story apart from the officially
established relations maintained be
fore the eyes of the whole world."
Chinese Reds Tried, Too Hard,
To Convert 2 Seized Americans
By th· Associated Press
PEIPING, April 26.—An elated
wife and an excited 8-year-old
daughter greeted one of two Amer
ican Army officers returning today
from 55 days' internment by Chi
nese Communists in Manchuria.
Maj. Robert Rigg of Chicago kissed
his pretty wife a moment after his
plane landed at Peiping's west air
field, and said with a gfin:
"Well. I see you've got a few
gray hairs."
Daughter Jeannie danced with ex
citement.
' Daddy! Daddy!" she cried. "Did
you have to eat Chinese choif all
the time?"
Maj. Rigg and Capt. John W. Col
lins of Ε vans ton, ni., en route from
Changchun. Manchuria, to Nanking
to tell the United States Embassy of
-heir experiences, were clean-shaven
t i
and looked fit and healthy. Of the
Communists who held them from
March 1 to April 24, Capt. Collins
remarked :
"They tried to convert us, but
they should have stopped after the
first seven days. We might have j
been convinced then. We were1
treated Ο. K. and didn't suffer a bit." ί
Asked if the Reds ambushed them
when they were first captured, Capt.
Collins replied:
"Well, you know there are Indi
viduals. But I'd rather not talk
untU I clear with the Embassy."
TTte two assistant military at
taches met Li Li-san, Communist
foreign affairs chief in Manchuria,
but failed to see Gen. Un Piao, com
mander in chief of Red Armies in
Manchuria. They said they had
since heard unconfirmed report· of ι
hie death. J
4
Bomb Blast Kills
Five in Tel Aviv
Police Building
Six Persons Injured;
City Is Surrounded
In Troops' Search
BULLETIN
JERUSALEM An offl- ,
cial British announcement to- *
day listed five as dead, three
missing and six hurt in the
bombing of a police billet at
Tel Aviv.
By th· Associated Press
JERUSALEM, April 25.—Bombs
blasted a police billet in a suburb
of the all-Jewish city of Tel Avtv
today, leaving at least tWb per
sons dead and seven missing.
British troops of the 1st Infan
try Division, alerted against a
"blood for blood" reign of violence
threatened by the Jewish under
ground unit, Irgun Zvai Leumi, sur
rounded Tel Aviv as rescue workers
dug in the debris of the billet at
Sarona. „
All traffic was halted immediately
between Tel Aviv and adjacent
jana.
In Jerusalem, all Incoming and
outgoing traffic was stopped by
heavily guarded roadblocks as the
British checked οή an anonymous
telephone call—believed a diversion
ary hoax—that three British offi
cers had been kidnaped.
May Dissolve Agency.
Rumors persisted throughout the
uneasy city that the British were
considering dissolution of the Jewish
Agency on the ground that it had
failed to curb Jewish extremists and
thus had forfeited the right to speak
for ftie Holy Land's Jewry.
The troops ringing Tel Aviv sug
gested the possibility of a drastic
military crackdown on the Jewish
city, in view of the recent· warning
to Mayor Israel Rokeach that such
action would follow renewed vio
lence.
The explosives which wrecked
the orderly room and telephone ex
change of the Sarona billet were
planted in a mail truck driven by a
man in a police uniform, British au
thorities said. The driver disap
peared. The blast came about 90
minutes after the van was driven
through the gate and perked next
to the orderly room.
Mine Taken From Bridge.
Later, officials announced police
had discovered that a bridge on the
outskirts of Jerusalem had been
mined, but that the mine was re
moved without damage. The same
bridge was blasted twice in previous
outbreaks, once with the loss of
three British Army men and two
Arabs.
The Sarona billet, home of many
British officials and headquarters of
the Palestine Mobile Forces, was at
tacked last month, but the attackers
were driven off at the time, after
laying down a gunfire barrage.
The Sarona blast came as British
authorities attempted to run down
the report of the kidnaping of three
British soldiers in the heart of Jeru
caitvt» ι/j jiicniucio UA 1/1IC UCW1SX1
underground.
Businessman Held Briefly.
This report followed the an
nouncement that a British business
man had been kidnaped during the
night from a fashionable Tel Aviv
Beach hotel, but had been released
unharmed when his abductors dis
covered he was a Jew.
The entire center of Jerusalem
* round Zion Square was cordoned
DÎT as British troops checked the
reported kidnaping.
In recent days, Irgun Zvai Leumi
tias threatened reprisals at 10-to-l
for the deaths of four Jews hanged
ay the British last week and of two
Dthers who committed suicide while
iwaiting execution this week. The
Jews had been condemned for tak
ing part in raids or carrying arms.
Cornice Falls Eight Stories
Γο Pennsylvania Avenue
A three-foot section of cornice
:rashed eight floors to the sidewalk
rrom the northeast eaves of Coast
3uard headquarters at Thirteenth
itreet and Pennsylvania avenue
M.W., early today. No one was in
jured.
Approximately 100 pounds of sand,
gravel and mortar, police said, were
jprayed over a nearby stack of news
papers when the chunk of cornice
sroke as it hit the sidewalk. The
Da per s belonged to Fred McCarthy,
newspaper vendor, of 233 Second
street N.W. Mr. McCarthy was it>
ι nearby restaurant.
The corner was roped oft from
pedestrian travel by building guards.
The spot beneath the eaves from
which the cornice fell could' scarcely
χ seen looxing irom the~street to
-he top of the eight-story building,
rhe structure was built in 1916, and
s owned by the Government.
Dispute Over Steward
Closes Plymouth Plant
By the Associated Press
DETROIT, April 25.—A dispute
over disciplinary action against a
shop steward closed the Plymouth
plant of Chrysler Corp. today.
A company announcement said j
3.800 first-shift workers were sent;
home after 158 employes of the!
sheet ■ metal department left their |
fobs in protest against a three-day
loyoff given a shop steward.
The Plymouth workers are mem
bers of Local 158, CIO United Au
tomobile Workers. There was no im
mediate union comment.
Late Bulletin
Weirton Raises Wages
WEIRTON, W. V». UP).—The
Weirton Steel Co. and its in
dependent union today an
nounced an increase in the
basic minimum wage rate from
$1 to fl.lltt per hour and an
increase of 1144 cents hourly
for all hourly, piecework and
tonnage employes whose wages
are abort the present mini
mum.
4
IS THIS A
MISTAKE,
&URT?
Ellender to Offer Bipartisan Bill
Τ ο Revise U. S. Election Laws
Sky Would Be Made Limit on Spending
*«ln Presidential Campaigns Under Measure
By the Associated Press
A bipartisan bill redrafting al
laws regulating Federal elections
and making the sky the limit 01i
spending in presidential cam
paigns will be introduced Mon
day by Senator Ellender, Demo
crat, of Louisiana.
Senator Ellender said today the
measure will have the backing of
both Republicans and Democrats
on the 1946 Senate Campaign Ex
penditures Committee which he
headed.
It is designed, he added, to wrap
into a single package changes advo
cated by members of both parties as
a result of experiences with the
Hatch Clean Politic· and Corrupt
Practices Acts.
Senator Ellender told a reporter
the bill, which would replace both
Air Research Firm
•r
Loses Tax-Exempt
Classification Here
House Group Also Will
Probe Disputed Bidding
On Wor Contracts
The tax-exempt status of
Aerodynamic Research Corp., a
District corporation which de
scribed itself as "nonprofit" has
been canceled as a result of
investigations by the Bureau of
Internal Revenue, the bureau
announced today.
The announcement came as the
House Merchant Marine and
Fisheries Committee disclosed it was
investigating reports that a group
>f subsidiary companies had been
ible to underbid rival firms during
the war years because the parent
company, Aerodynamic, was listed !
as a tax-exempt "non-profit" or-1
janization.
An Internal Revenue Bureau
spokesman said its investigation
had resulted in two tax liens, one
against the parent company and
the other against Air-Track Manu
facturing Corp. in nearby College
Park, Md. Both liens total more
.han $2,000,000 each but cover the*
same transaction, the bureau official
said.
Notices of Tax Liens.
The House committee's investiga
tion got under way as the after
math of these two Government ac
tions:
1. The Bureau of Internal Rev- :
?nue filed notices of tax liens
totalling more than $2,000,000 in
District Court against Aerodynamic
Efcftearch Corp. with offices in the
Tower Building here. The action
was based on non-payment of in
come and excess profits taxes from
1941 to 1945.
2. Thé Maritime Commission,
ιαΐ/tU TTJWI t>4âC OiC-U}/ UX t WU ήΙΙΐμΛ i
In a Philadelphia drydock, has taken '
up the question of an Aerodynamics
shipbuilding subsidiary with the
Justice Department and the Gen-1
sral Accounting office.
$2,615,937 Lien Filed.
In anothefr development, the con
nection between Air-Track Manu-,
facturing Corp. and Aerodynamics
was formally recognized by the Bu-;
reau of Internal Revenue today
when George Hoflerbert, collector of
Internal revenue for the Baltimore
district, filed a $2,615,927.82 tax lien
against Air-Track, "transferee of
Aerodynamic Research Corp." The
lien was filed in District Court.
J. R. Richardson, personnel di
rector of Air-Track, told The Star
today the firm had been assured
Aerodynamics Research Corp. would
assume tax obligations of Air-Track
when it acquired control.
"They told us to keep on working
—that they would take care of the
taxes," Mr. Richardson said.
Chairman Bradley of the Mer
chant Marine Committee said he
had been told by Vice Admiral Wil
liam Smith. U. S. N., retired, chair
man of the Maritime Commission,
that Frank Coetello whom he re
ferred to as the "slot machine man,"
owned Aerodynamics Research
(See AERODYNAMICS, Page A-6.)
I
jf these laws, will (aï, tighten exist
ng provisions calling for reports of
vmpaign contrbiutions apd expend
itures, but (b), relax those limiting
expenditures and restricting dona
tions by Individuals.
The bill will cover only elections
for President, Vice President, Sen
ator and Representative.
Although not yet finished, Senator
Ellender said the bill, among other
things, will:
1. Remove the Hatch Act limita
tion of $3,000,000 which a political
committee can receive or spend in |
any one, calendar year. Political or- ;
ganizations have called this pro-1
vision ambiguous, and only last
Tuesday James S. Kemper, treas
urer of the Republican* National
Committee, called for Its repeal. '
2. Repeal of the Hatch Act pro
(See POLITICS, Page A-6.) |
Nine Are Convicted
In Fredericksburg
Bank Fraud Trial
Jury in Federal Court
Reaches Verdict After
Deliberating 3 Days
By the Associated Press
RICHMOND, Va., April 25.—A
jury in Federal District Court to
dav rnnvirtpH all nine
ants of aiding and abetting in
the misapplication of funds of ;
the Farmers & Merchants State'
Bank of Fredericksburg. .
The jury reported its verdict at
12:40 p.m. after three days' delib
erations and, with the exception of
Joseph E. Profflt, president of the
Floyd County Bank and member of
the Virginia House of Delegates,1
found convictions on all counts.
Profflt was found innocent on one i
of two counts and guilty on the1
other.
j
Immediately after the verdict was
read and assented to by Foreman
Purnell Price, Attorney Stuart
Campbell called for a poll of the ;
jury.
The defendants and number of
counts on which they were convicted ;
were Hugh N. Rakes, Leesburg, Va., i
dairy operator, 12; his wife, Lillian
Conner Rakes, 10; Joseph A. Sowers, !
cashier of the Floyd County Bank, '
4; Paul Karsten. jr., former vice
president of the defunct Fredericks
burg Bank, 17; Kyle M. Weeks, Prof
fit's law partner and associate,
counsel for the Floyd Bank. 12; !
Clarence L. Robey, president of thei
Purcellville National Bank, 2; Dele
gate Profflt, 1; D. E. Nelson, Roanoke
real estate broker, 2, and Harry L. ;
Lamson, Washington loan broker, 2.
The nine" prominent defendants j
were ordered to stand after the jury j
foreman answered in the affirmative !
to the routine question, "Have you
reached your verdict?"
D.C. Woman Wills Eyes to Blind;
Spent Last Years Aidinq GIs
By Wallace Ε. Clayton
Because she felt she hadn't done
enough for her fellow men, Mrs.
Goodin Prender Osthaus, a former
teacher, willed her eyes to some
sightless person before she died at
Doctors Hospital Wednesday evening.
Although she had planned such
disposition of her eyes for some
time, Mrs. Osthaus' family said she
did not sign the papers until Satur
day, leaving her eyes to the New
York Eye Bank for Sight Restora
tion.
Immediately after her death, the
operation was performed by a res
ident physician at the Episcopal
Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. Her
eyes were flown to New York yes
terday morning.
Officials at the Episcopal Hospital,
which is the Washington affiliate of
the New York Eye Bank, said the
donation was one of the few made
in the District since the eye reserve
was established.
Mrs. Osthaus devoted the lMt
I
years of her Hie to helping service
' men stationed here.
A former teacher of English and
1 stenography at Eastern High School,
she volunteered to instruct patients
at Walter Reed Hospital, and spent
part of each day in the wards there.
Her family also said that Mrs.
Osthau5, still feeling she "wasn't
doing enough for the boys," used to
take stenographic notes of letters
patients were unable to write and
spent most of each evening pre
paring those messages for mailing.
Late in the evening. Mrs. Osthaus
went on duty at Union Station,
where she served as a volunteer
travel director. One of her proudest
possessions was a letter from the
late President Franklin D. Roose
velt commending her work. ·
Mrs. Osthaus, a native of Wash
ington. was a graduate of the old
Business High School, and attended
George Washington University.
After her schooling, she served for
(See EYEB, Page A-4.)
I
Truman and Cabinet
Discuss Phone Strike,
But Without Acting
Presidential Intervention
Appears Unlikely; Union
And Company Confer
BULLETIN
A bill restricting picketing
in the District and, among oth
er provisions, limiting pickets
to one for each 25 workers in
volved, was introduced in the
House today by Representative
Hoffman, Republican, of Mich
igan. He said the picket line
in front of the telephone com
pany "tends to monopolize" the
sidewalk and impedes traffic.
President Truman and his
cabinet discussed the telephone'
strike today as Government
conciliators started new meet
ings intended to end the 19-day
walkout.
The strike was brought up during
the cabinet's 35-minute session with j
hhe Prfisidpnt hut. fVipre was η η in. !
iication that the White House was
planning to intervene.
Secretary of Interior Krug said
Businessmen Stop
Telephone Strike by
Encircling Pickets
ly th# Associated frm
EASTON. Md., April 25.—The
telephone strike here apparently
was broken today when between
30 and 35 businessmen sur
rounded two pickets of the
Maryland Federation of Tele
phone Workers and demanded
that they leave.
The pickets left, and at least
five nonstriking operators im
mediately went back to their
switchboards and restored
service here for the first time
Since the Nation-wide strike
began April 7.
Some of the men in the crowd
volunteered to contact more op
erators at their homes and
bring them to work.
Chief of Police Walter B.
Wood said there was no dis
order.
:he only new thing In the picture [
was that "they are starting all over
igain."
Two More Meetings Slated.
He referred to a meeting of the
American Telephone & Telegraph j
Co.'s long-lines division and the
American Union of Telephone Work
ers that opened in the Labor De
partment this afternoon. Originally :
scheduled for this morning, It was
delayed to permit a private huddl* :
af union representatives.
Two other meetings are due to get ·
under way tomorrow. In one, the
Southwestern Bell Telephone Co.
will renew bargaining talks with the
Southwestern Telephone Workers^
Union—a phase involving about
35,000 of the 340,000 workers striking
across the Nation.
In the other, the Western Electric
(See TELEPHONE, Page À-4j j
Effort to Boost
Interior Funds
Fails in House ·
Hydro-Electric Power
Marketing Division
Is Voted Down
BULLETIN
The first Democratic effort to
increase Interior Department
funds failed in the House
this afternoon. Representative
Gore, Democrat, of Tennessee
moved to add $164,417 to re
store a hydroelectric power
marketing division in Secre
tary Krug's office. The amend
ment-lost on a voice vote.
By J. A. O'Leory
House Republicans may offer
to ease up on spme of the cuts in
the $156,538,000 Interior bill to
save the measure from being
sent back to the Appropriations
Committee for complete revision,
«V nwu «<tV>4VUVVU WVUUJ «
In their drive to trim President
Truman's budget all along the line,
the GOP leaders slashed Interior
Department funds by 47 per cent in
the Appropriations Committee.
As the measure approached the
final vote in the House this after
noon, however, the Republicans ran
into a determined Democratic effort
to recommit.
Reclamation Concernions Likely.
The concessions likely to be made
by those in charge of the bill will
be in Western irrigation and recla
mation projects to keep Republicans
from that section from being lured
into supporting recommittal of the
bill.
Although the House met an hour
earlier than usual, at 11 a.m., gen
eral debate was slowing down the
reading of the bill. Republican
leaders said they were confident of
preventing recommittal.
Meanwhile, Walter S. Hallanan,
chairmai\of the National Petroleum
Council, declared yje House Ap
propriations group has "permitted
some one to attempt to smear the
petroleum industry."
Mr. Hallanan said thp committee
report on Interior Department ap
propriations misconstrued the in
dustry's "sincere effort to provide
the Government with industry data
and information necessary to the
welfare and security of the Nation."
He added:
"In the committee's recent re
port dealing with the oil and gas
iivision of the Interior Department,
the situation is so grossly distorted
as to make it appear that the statis
tics and studies which the oil and
?as division is requesting through
the National Petroleum Council
are solely a service to the oil and
?as industry.
Statement Called Indefensable.
"The committee report further
states that the division's service to
ndustry is to provide information
which the industry cannot get with
out violating the anti-trust laws.
"This is a wholly untrue and in
iefensable statement which would
indicate that the committee has
seen grossly -imposed upon in the
representations made to it."
Fighting with their backs to the
wall, House Republican leaders got
the encouraging news from the Sen
ite side that an appropriations
subcommittee had gone even deeper
than the House in reducing the
total of the Labor-Federal security
supply bill.
Although the Senate group, head
»d by Senator Knowland, Repub
lican, of California, was more lib
eral than the House in providing
;he Labor Department with operat
ing expenses, the restorations were
more than offset by a $14,345,600
cut in grants to the States for run
ning public employment offices.
Less Than House Total.
The result is the $1,676,198,080
Labor-Federal security bill will go
sefore the full Senate Appropria
tions Committee next week carry
ing $8,388,700 less than the House
allowed. This is significant for two
reasons: (1) it is the first 1948 sup
ply bill to be revised by a Senate
subcommittee; (2) frequently in the
past the House has initiated econo
my drives only to have the totals
aoosted in the Senate.
A charge that the administration
ias a backlog of $24.000,000.000 in
jast appropriations it could use
ι gainst the Republicans in next
•ear's national election was made
Yesterday by Representative Jones.
lenublfren nf riVlin rfnriritf the
(See APPROPRIATIONS. Pg. A-6.)
Sunday Reading . ..
Marco Polo might have
stayed home and puttered
around the yard if forced to
hurdle the formidable formal
ities that confront the modern
traveler. Since nobody likes
to slow up free-spending tour
ists, the world's governments
are trying hard to smooth
their way. In Sunday's Edi
torial Section, Garnett D.
Horner reveals the progress
being made toward simplify
ing global travel.
But if warm «eather means
for some to get out and go, it
also inspires many to rub the
rust off the hoe and cultiva
tor. For those so inclined, the.
Farm and Garden Section
offers some dividend-paying
tips; and for those who just
like to look, the Pictorial Mag
azine starts with a sunny color
cover of spring flowers and
makes a camera tour of the
Capital at play and at work.
These features, plus pages
and columns on books, amuse
ments, society, sports, music,
art and other special topics,
round out the usual thorough
and accurate news content of
Œljf £unàag &tar
ι

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