OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 25, 1947, Image 5

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1947-04-25/ed-1/seq-5/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for A-5

»
BaH Predicts Senate
Will Put More Curbs
On Unions in Bill
By th· Associated Press
Senator Ball, Republican, of
Minnesota, predicted today that
the Senate will write more re
strictions on unions into its gen
eral labor bill, and Senator
Aiken, Republican, of Vermont
said that would "assure" a presi
dential veto.
Senators Ball and Aiken, both
members of the Senate Labor Com
mittee, expressed their views in
separate interviews as the Senate
got set to resume debate on legis
lation to curb strikes and limit un
ion activities.
Senator Ball claimed a£ least 50
Senators will vote for four amend
ments which would add fresh checks
on labor organizations to the Senate
measure. That is two votes more
than needed to assure adoption.
Would Permit Injonctions.
These amendments, sponsored by
Senator Ball and other Senators,
would:
Authorize private employers to
pCUblUll 1U1 V.UU11 UIJUIIV/WIUIU ι/ν/
block jurisdictional strikes and sec
ondary boycotts.
(Jurisdictional strikes usually
stem from disputes between un
ions as to which should do given
work. A secondary boycott is an
effort by a union to hit at one
employer by forcing other em
ployers to stop dealing with him.)
Outlaw union-administered health
and welfare funds.
Forbid national unions to coerce
their locals into accepting contract
terms.
Make it an unfair labor practice,
•ubject to injunction, for unions to
coerce or interfere with workers in
the exercise of their collective bar
gaining rights.
The Hartley bill approved by a:
three-to-one majority in the House
last week has all of these provisions
and many other union curbs which
are not in the Senate measure.
Outlaw Closed Shop.
But both bills would outlaw the
closed shop, which permits the em
ployer to hire only union members;
authorize court injunctions to halt
or stave off "national paralysis"
strikes; free employers of any obli
gation to bargain collectively with
foremen; set up a new Federal
mediation service: and permit suits
against unions for breach of con
tract.
Senator Aiken told a reporter he
believes President Truman would
sign the Senate bill as drawn by
the Labor Committee. But he said
adoption of the amendments urged
by Senator Ball, Senator Taft, Re
publican, of Ohio, and some other
members of the committee "would
assure a veto."
The Vermont lawmaker said that
while he has not talked to Mr.
Truman on the matter, he feels the :
Chief Executive "would have a duty
to veto any bill which permitted a
private employer to seek and obtain
an injunction" against a strike or
boycott.
"We went all through that years
ago before the Norris-La Guardia
anti-injunction act when the abuses
tt-prα κη hart Cnncrrpss hari tn take
steps to eliminate them," Senator j
Aiken said. "We don't want to go
back to those days."
Urges Talk With Truman.
Senator Aiken said congressional
leaders should get together with Mr. i
Truman "right away" to find out
just what kind of labor legislation
he would be willing to approve. Sen- |
ator Aiken is opposed to postponing :
such a session until the House and
Senate bills go to a Conference
Committee for a settlement of dif- !
ierences. Senator Ball has said
that is the proper time to talk to
the President.
Mr. Truman told his news con-,
ference yesterday in response to a
question concerning the prospect for
a conference with GOP leaders on
the labor bill that Republican lead
ers have a perfect right to discuss
anything they please with him.
Senator Aiken said a meeting with j
Mr. Truman "should have been held
long ago." Hitting indirectly at
Senator Taft, who is chairman of
the Labor Committee and the Re
publican Policy Committee, and with
whom he is at odds on labor legis
lation, Senator Aiken said:
"If the leadership of this Con- j
gress insists on passing bills which;
cannot become law, and thereby ;
assures that there will be no labor
legislation for at least two years,
then the leaders will have a great
deal to answer for in the next elec
tion."
Minority Attacks Bill.
A Democratic minority of the
Labor Committee, composed of Sen
ators Thomas of Utah, Pepper of
Florida and Murray of Montana,
filed a minority report yesterday
opposing the bill as it now stands.
In addition they assailed:
1. Any restriction on industry
wide bargaining.
2. Ban on union - administered
welfare funds.
3. A ban on the check-off method
of collecting union dues by pay
roll deductions.
4. The obtaining of court injunc
tions by private companies to block
jurisdictional strikes and secondary
boycotts.
At the same time the American
r ruei auun 01 ijaoor, in an auacK on
labor union curbs pending in Con
gress, said the question of "indus
trial peace or industrial war" is up
to Congress.
"The American worker will never
bow" to the proposed power of
court injunctions to keep men at
work in public emergency strikes,
AFL Secretary - Treasurer George
Meany raid in a broadcast.
No Milk Price Cut
Is Expected Here
Washington5· consumers will miss
out again in seasonal price declines
in milk.
A 1-cent a quart drop goes into
effect in Baltimore May 1. making
the retail price 18 cents a quart.
Bruce B. Derrick, secretary-treas
urer of the Maryland and Virginia
Milk Producers' Association, said
here, however, that it would not
apply to Washington.
Asked about the possibility of a
decrease, Mr. Derrick said:
"Whenever you can bring down
feed costs—yes. Whenever you can
bring down labor costs—yes."
He said milk production costs
have increased 85 cents per 100
pounds since last fall.
The Maryland Co-operative Milk
Producers' Association, in announc
ing the Baltimore reduction, said
the price is seasonal.
I
WALLACE IN PARIS—Henry Wallace (center), as he talked with reporters on his arrival at the
Le Bourget Airport in Paris. He flew to the French capital from Copenhagen. Pierre Cot (left),
former Minister for Air in France, sponsored Mr. Wallace during his stay in Paris.
—AP Wirephoto.
3 Plans for Forming
Palestine Committee
Are Weighed in U. N.
By the Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, Ν. Y., April 25.
—Three alternate suggestions for
composition of the proposed Pales
tine fact - finding committee were
understood to be under considera
tion today by the five major powers
of the United Nations.
An authoritative source said the
suggestions were put forward in an
effort to get Big Five agreement on
a specific plan before the special
session of the U. N. Assembly takes
up the Holy Land problem next
Monday.
Alternatives Listed.
The Big Five are concerned with
these alternatives:
1. A small committee, probably
limited to 12 small "neutral" coun
tries. »
2. A small committee of about a
dozen members composed of the;
Big Five, an Arab state, possibly
some Jewish representative, and five
smaller neutral states.
3. A committee composed of all
members of the Security Council,;
the Economic and Social Council,!
and the Trusteeship Council. This
would total 26 members and would:
assure Big Five representation and
three Arab states.
Authoritative sources indicated:
one of the major powers had pro
DOsed the three ηΐηηκ hut. did nnt.
disclose which ones.
He also indicated that delegations (
other than the Big Five were being
approached with the suggestions in
an effort to obtain the widest atti
tude of the 55 member nations of
the world organization.
Jewish Participation Asked.
Meanwhile, the CIO and five other
organizations opposed the appoint
ment of either Great Britain or the
Arab states on any committee set up
by the U. N. Assembly to inquire
into the Palestine case.
The six organizations also called
for participation by the Jewish
Agency for Palestine in all delibera
tions of the special Assembly, with
out vote.
They requested President Truman
to direct the American delegation to
support these two propositions.
Those signing a memorandum to
Secretary General Trygve Lie and
the organizations were:
Philip Murray, president of the
CIO; Freda Kirchwey, president of
the Nation Associates: James G.
Patton. president of the Farmers ι
Educational and Co-operative Un-1
ion: Dr. Henry A. Atkinson, secre
tary cf the Church Peace Union: ;
Jo Davidson and Frank Kingdon.
co-chairmen of the Progressive
Citizens of America, and James E.
Greer, executive secretary of the
Council for Democracy.
Justice Unit Opposes
Steamship Airline Bill
A bill to permit steamship com
panies to enter the airline business
was opposed before the House Com
merce Committee yesterday by a
Justice Department spokesman on
the ground the legislation was con
trary to the policy of Congress and
the review courts.
Edward J. Hickey, jr.. special as
sistant to the Attorney General, said
his department objected to the
change because it would upset "long
established Congressional policy"
and transfer authority of the Civil
Aeronautics Board to the Maritime
Commission.
Mr. Hickey argued that "competi
tion is supressed when competing
forms of transportation are brought
under common control," and that the
shippirfe interests also are protected
under this concept.
Earlier, United States Ambassador
to Brazil William Pauley expressed
opposition to a bill to consolidate
our overseas airlines into one
"chosen Instrument" or American
flag line.
The Ambassador advocated free
enterprise and competition and de
clared the proposed monopoly would
injure our prestige abroad and im
pair the efficiency of our overseas
service.
The committee today was hearing
members of Congress who have in
troduced bills now before the group.
Whitehurst Named to Head
D.C.Long-RangeComniittee
Highway Director H. C. White
hurst yesterday was elected chair
man of a special Commissioners'
committee ironing out conflicting
plans for long-range development
of the District's highway and tran
sit systems.
The election took place at an or
ganization meeting in Capt. White
hurst's office at the District Build
ing. He had served as pro-tem
chairman of the group since its for
mation April 15.
Capt. Whitehurst said he would
j call another meeting "in about a
month," when members will be ex
pected to begin drafting a single
plan acceptable to all.
Other members of the committee
are George Keneipp. director of ve
hicles and traffic; H. S. Fairbanks,
deputy commissioner of the Public
Roads Administration, and John
Nolen, jr., director of planning for
the National Capital Parte and
Planning Commission.
I.
Palestine Jewish Resistance
Necessary, Wallace Declares
iy tht Associated Press
PARIS, April 25.—Henry A. Wal
lace declared today that a Jewish
resistance movement in Palestine
had been necessary to "arouse the
conscience of the world."
Expressing faith that Britain
would solve the Holy Land problem
and hope that it would "carry out
the original Balfour Declaration,"
the former American Vice Presi
dent told a news conference that
"there can never" be peace in the
world until justice has been done
the Jewish people."
"1 sympathize with the British and
I deplore terrorism," Mr. Wallace
said. "I have never believed in
force of arms or force of money.
But we do have to recognize facts.
"I think it has been necessary for
the Jews to conduct what amounts
to a resistance movement of their
own to arouse the conscience of the
world.
"I hope that the acts of terrorism
win now cease and that the British
people will carry out the original
Balfour Declaration."
The Baliour Declaration of No
vember 2, 1917, put the British gov
•rnment on record as favoring the
;stabllshment in Palestine of a
national home for the Jewish people.
Mr. Wallace, rushing through a
last busy day before flying tonight
;o the United States, where he will
nake a speaking tour next month,
lashed from the news conference to
ι luncheon engagement with Leon
Blum, former premier, and a group
>f Mr. Blum's Socialist Party mem
sers.
Mr. Wallace disclosed that his
American tour would include a min
mum of 15 speeches. He said he
vould present there the same views
ie has expressed in Western Europe.
"I am certain I shall find among
;he warm-hearted people of the
United States the same kind of re
sponse I have found among the
peace-loving peoples of Western
Europe," he said.
The tour will begin April 30 with
i Nation-wide broadcast. Tentative
dates for the remainder of the
tour were:
May 2, Chicago: May 12, Holly
wood Bowl; May 14, San Francisco,
and the University of California at
Berkeley: May 16, Portland, Oreg.;
May 19, Seattle: May 21. Salt Lake
I City; May 22, Denver; May 24,
Jamestown. N. Dak.; May 26, Min
neapolis; May 28, Cleveland; May
20 (or 30), epen air rally in Detroit's
Cadillac Square; June 9, Atlanta;
June 12, Boston, and June 13,
Providence, R. ί.
Use of Hollywood Bowl
Is Refused to Wallace
HOLLYWOOD, April 25 (JP).—A
speaking engagement in May for
former Vice President Henry A.
Wallace was tossed right out of the
Hollywood Bowl today.
Directors of the Bowl Association,
operating the county-owned 20,000
seat amphitheater as a nonprofit
organization with a 99-year lea*,
disclosed they had turned down a
request by the Progressive Citizens
of America for use of the bowl for
that purpose.
President C. E. Toberman of the
noou^iauviit oaiu, j.iic uucf
tors decided the bowl should not be
used as a springboard for ideologies
foreign to the majority thought at
this time."
Mr. Wallace's recent speeches in
Europe stirred up a controversy at
home and a Bowl Association state
ment said "the reaction of a large
portion of public opinion to the re
cent speeches of Henry Wallace in
dicates that his appearance in the
bowl would undoubtedly produce
discussion of a highly controversial
nature."
Dedicated to "Culture."
It added that the directors did
not wish to have the bowl used "as
a forum for the dissemination of
propaganda or a sounding board for
controversial issues," stating also
that the bowl "is dedicated to the
cultural interests of the community."
Robert W. Kenny, Southern Cali
fornia chairman of PCA, formerly
the Hollywood Independent Citizens
Committee of the Arts, Sciences and
Professions, had this to say:
"If that's the case the bowl people
certainly must have a different pol
icy than they did when they let
Charles A. Lindbergh speak in be
half of America First."
He said the bowl is "a semipublic
institution and there are plenty of
people in the Los Angeles area who
would like to hear Wallace."
The Wallace meeting, he added,
"will go on, bowl or no bowl, even
if we have to hold it in a telephone
booth."
Ferguson Asks Congress to Pass
Wheeler Bill Vetoed by Τruman
President Truman's veto of legisla
tion that would permit former Sen
ator Burton K. Wheeler, Democrat,
of Montana to serve as special
counsel for the Senate War In
vestigating Committee while retain
ing his private law practice, con
tinued today to bedevil the White
House.
Senator Ferguson, Republican, of
Michigan said he would demand
that Congress pass the joint resolu
tion over the veto—a move requiring
a two-thirds majbrity In both houses,
and one, Incidentally, that might
cause a bit of embarrassment In
White House circles, if successful.
President Truman, in the face of
a statement by Press Secretary
Charles G Ross that the veto was a
"mistake" which would be "rectified,"
stood by his guns under news con
ference Questioning late yesterday.
He indicated his full agreement with
an opinion by Attorney General
Clark that the veto, prepared by his
department, was proper.
The President, using the veto for
the first time in the new session of j
Congress, had held in a message to
Congress Wednesday, -that the lan
guage of the resolution was too
broad. Bolstered by the Clark opin
ion, Mr. Truman said he would sign
a measure with the objectionable
language removed. Otherwise, noth
ing.
ine veio message saia mai ι. ne
legislation, as drafted, might be in
terpreted to permit committee coun
sel to institute civil or criminal
proceedings on behalf of the United
States—a prerogative reserved to
the Justice Department.
Mr. Truman told Congress this
'Tie-In' Rentals Barred
On New Priority Housing
Morris S. Verner, director of com
pliance for the National Housing
Expediter's office, today warned
builders who started rental units
before December 24 with Govern
ment priorities that they will not be
permitted to offer to rent dwellings
on condition that prospective ten
ants purchase an investment inter
est in the property.
. Mr. Verner explained that the
Government priority carried with it
a ceiling price. An additional re
quirement in the way of financial
investment would be in violation of
the ceiling price, he said.
The compliance chief advised ten
ants required to participate in such
"tie-in" arrangements to file com
plaints with the area housing ex
pediter's office in the Social Security
Building.
Flour on Wound Saves
Life of Shark Victim
By the Associated Press
SIDNEY, Australia.—A bag of
flour is credited with saving a
maimed pearl diver from bleeding
to death near Thursday Island.
! ι
language was "novel." The Clark
qplnion demurred on this point, say
ing that similar language had ap
peared in previous resolutions, but
insisted that the phrasing had no
place in the legislation anyway.
Senator Ferguson told reporters that
Mr. Truman signed a bill contain
ing the same language to authorize
hiring of special counsel by the
Senate-House Pearl Harbor inves
tigating group in December, 1945,
when the Democrats were in the
congressional majority.
"I think that our lawyers ought
to be free to act just as they were,"
said the Michigan Senator, who Is
a member of the War Investigating
Committee.
Mr. Ross had no further com
ment.
The Senate committee, which
was headed by President Truman
when he was in the Senate, plans
to have Senator Wheeler direct its
inquiry into charges that the Navy
paid too high a price for oil ob
tained in Arabia.
Mr. Truman said the employment
of Mr. Wheeler did not enter into
the veto, adding that he always has
been very fond of the former Sen
ator, with whom he served for 10
ueorc
Mr. Truman was questioned about
reports that the committee would
ask for correspondence in the. flies
of the late President Roosevelt,
bearing on the issue. He said he
had informed the committee it
could have whatever papers were
required. He had received a re
quest for only one document, he
added.
Rixon, a "skin-diver" (one who dives
without helmet or diving dress) was
seized by the leg by a large shark.
He jammed his thumbs in the shark'!
eyes and forced it to let go. Then
he struggled to the dinghy and was
hauled aboard.
In the absence of anything that
would make satisfactory ligature
it seemed that he might bleed tc
death. He yelled for a bag of flour
The maimed leg was thrust in and
the dough that formed staunched
the blood effectively until the luggei
reached Thursday Island, where doc
tors closed the wound.
BRAKES
RELINED 4 WHEELS COMPLETE
AND FREE ADJUSTMENTS
BUICK Special
PONTIAC
OLDSMOBILE
PACKARD-110
*12«
intirM TnUx Hack!···
GENERAL BRAKE SERVICE
903 Ν St. N.W. ' Ml. 9S03
ft
Scientists Urge Ban
For Generation on
Atom Development
By lh* Associated Prw
CHICAGO, April 25.—Two engi
neers who helped construct the
Oak Ridge atomic bomb plant to
day proposed a world-wide ban for
an entire generation on the de
velopment of industrial atomic
power to avoid the "risk" of atomic
warfare.
The benefits of industrial atomic
power are "not worth the risk,"
they contended.
The suggestion was advanced in
the Bulletin of the Atomic Scien
tists by Cuthbert Daniel, a chem
ical engineer, and Arthur M. Squires,
a physical chemist.
They contended no pressing need
existed for industrial atomic power'
and that the huge facilities required
for producing such power could be
converted into bomb making.
Fissionable Material Ample.
Ί'Κο anfftnaave matntatnaH IKot
the problem of international con
trol of atomic matters would be
greatly simplified if atomic pro
duction were limited to the amount
of materials needed only for sci
entific uses. They estimated suffi
cient fissionable material already
was on hand in the United States
to meet the world's scientific needs
for years to come and proposed that
this be distributed to research sta
tions throughout the world.
"It seems to us that large scale
atomic power would not be developed
in any country for many genera
tion if it were riot for the direct
or indirect support of the military
in every major country," they said.
"Development cost is high, pros
pects of early economic benefits are
negligible, and long-range economic
importance is problematical. '
Poles Apart on Issue.
They said the United States and
the Soviet Union were "poles apart"
on the issue of international inspec
tion of atomic energy plants and
that there was "the deep conviction
on each side that the other is trying
to outmaneuver, surround and even
tually overpower it." They added:
"Usually compromise is reached by
each side's giving up part of its po
sition. In this case we propose that
both sides give up the same thing
* * * whereby the principal tool of
military power is removed from the
hands of both sides, by agreement,
without loss of the foreseeable bene
fits of nuclear science to either side."
100,000 Back at Detroit Jobs
After Rally Against Labor Bills
•y th· A uoc ίαIW Pnu
DETROIT, April 25.—About 100,
000 Detroit area workers returned to
their jobs today, confident they had
drawn Nation-wide attention to
their militant opposition to pend
ing labor legislation.
At the call of the CIO United
Auto Workers yesterday, unionists
left their Jobs in Detroit's huge auto
plants, closing three major factories
and staged a two-pronged protest
march from the east and west sides
of the city, converging in downtown
Cadillac Square.
Placard-bearing workers jammed
the three-block area to overflowing.
Richard T. Leonard, UAW-CIO
vice president and rally chairman,
termed the Hartley and Taft labor
bills as a "terrible danger."
Following Mr. Leonard to the mic
rophone, R. J. Thomas, another
UAW-CIO vice president, told the
throng the pending labor legisla
tion was "designed deliberately not
to cure, but to kill the patient."
Closed by the exodus of workers to
Topping and Miss Judge
Get Marriage License
ly th· Associated Pros
MIAMI, Fla., April 25.—Arline
Judge, film actress four times mar
ried and divorced, and Henry J.
(Bob) Topping of New York, made
application for a marriage license
here late yesterday.
Under Florida's five-day wait
period, the license will be Issued
Monday. Miss Judge gave her age
as 35 and Mr. Topping as 33.
Mr. Topping is a brother of Dan
Topping to whom Miss Judge was
married in 1937 and later divorced.
Her most recent divorce was from
Vincent Morgan Ryan, New York
and Chicago radio and advertising
executive. Her other husbands were
Movie Director Wesley Ruggles and
RAF Capt. James R. Addams.
Miss Judge said she and Mr. Top
I HOUSE ΡΑΙΝΤίΙ
2MUTH&
I Serving the Painter Sine· IMS f
attend the rally were the Chrysta
Corp., Ford Motor Co., Hudsor
Motor Co. and KaiSer-Frazier Corp.
while General Motors Corp. reported
heavy absenteeism as operation!
were continued.
Earlier Ford and Chrysler, without
mentioning the rally, had . postée
notices that they expected all em
ployes to be on the job from 2 to '
pjn., the hours of the rally. The
workers, however, defied the direc
tives..
Michigan Bell Telephone Co.
closed its headquarters offices at
1 pjm. at the request of police, who
were withdrawn for duty at the
union rally.
The five-hour walkout came de
spite a warning by George Romney,
managing director of the Automo
bile Manufacturers' Association, that
it was in direct violation of all
company-union contracts. He said
the shutdown will cost industry mil
lions of dollars and the workers
from a half to a full day's pay.
ping would be married at the home
of a friend at Miami Beach by a
justice of the peace either next
Tuesday or Wednesday.
Jap Vote Is Heavy
-- TOKYO, April 25 UP).—A record
turnout vu indicated as Japanese
voters chose 466 members of the
House of Representatives today
from among 1,573 candidates.
^isK^iÎicuiÎiiÎicicuiÎiiÎflÎJiÎiiÎic.iÎiiÎiiÎitÎjis caracul"
Owner* of hme freeur· er rt
frlctrstor* with stance conpart
rnent fer fr»£en food».
."•r Hcltlb of oar aracr-nilu
lialllr · product.
Call Warfield 3064
Itmfs Biverdale Poultry
YES...I
SPECIALIZE
IN THE SALE OF
BUSINESSES AND
BUSINESS PROPERTIES
ÎHARRY I. FRIEDMAN
L LlceBitd φ Bended · Broker i
WOODWARD BLDG.
RE. 1166
^ etfMunf
hmrs
SPECIAL THIS WEEK!
GERANIUMS
Beautiful, hothouse
grown, all red, in
4" pots—each
ER SHOPS
—to any tection of the city/
CALL
RA. 5480
—for ordert and loeationt
Sure! We're
NUTS1
to sell these
*20 sports jackets at
14.95
Next month, you'll see exactly the
jame patterns, the same materials—right hack up
at $20. Then why the come-down, in price? Just
this: these broad-shouldered beauties were made
for the sunshine-resort crowd. And they were
gobbled up at $20. We'll have more of them soon
(again at $20) — May is the big month for sports
jackets. But we want to sell these in April! So if
λ
you want to pay $20 — wait! But right now, you
can real tue gun ana save plenty, you can nave jmg J
your pure-wool sportster at just 14.95 — in your , MM «Γ
favorite color, your correct size (36-44). All fully ψf
rayon lined for easy comfortable long wear, feetter k., Vyf {
hustle—this sensational price will move'em out fast. I /
Îd
• Every jacket 100% virgin wool
• Cameltone, grey, brown, blue
• Checks, plaids, solid shades
• Rayon lined. All sizes 36 to 44
1335 F ST. ΝΛΥ.
Listen to Holly Wright and thte Latest News
WRC—7 A.M. Monday, Wednesday and Friday
r
Chorge Account of
Budge» Service
at no extra cost

xml | txt