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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 26, 1947, Image 2

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Arabian Oil Probers
Study Truman Curb
On Roosevelt Data
iy Hi· Allociat*d PrMs
Republicans on the Senate War
Investigating Committee talked to
day of letting President Truman off
gently on his "Wheeler veto" mix
up, but blew up a new storm over
his restrictions on records of Pres
ident Rooeevelt.
Chairman Brewster called the
Republican - controlled committee
together to decide what the mem
bers want to do about:
1. A proposal to pass a compro
mise version of the vetoed resolu
tion to let former Senator Burton
K. Wheeler keep his private law
practice while serving as special
committee counseftin an oil investi
gation.
2. President Truman's decision
that the oil investigators may ob
tain from the Roosevelt Hyde Park
files only those documents they de
scribe in advance. t
Answer Sought to Objections.
The compromise resolution sug
gested by Senator Hatch, Democrat
of New Mexico is tailored to over
come a Justice Department objec
tion that the original might have
been interpreted as giving Mr.
Wheeler power to bring suit in be
half of the Government.
President Truman signed the vetc
message prepared by the Justice De
partment and stood by it at hii
Thursday news conference, although
several Senators declared he ap
proved an identical resolution foi
the Senate-House Pearl Harboi
Committee in December, 1945.
Senator Ferguson, Republican ol
Michigan, a committee member, still
wanted to ask Congress to override
the veto.
Brewster Favors New Bill.
But Senator Brewster, telling re
porters he assumed Senator Hatch
had White House clearance for the
compromise, expressed hope "the
White House will stand still long
enough for us to pass it."
On the issue of the Roosevelt
records, however, Senator Brewstei
let it be known there was likely to
be some strong talk behind the com
mittee's closed doors.
Mr. Truman said at his news con
ference he is authorizing the com
mittee to obtain the one document
it specifically asked for in its in
vestigation of Arabian oil sales. Mr
Truman held up one finger to em
phasize his point.
The committee had asked foi
much broader access to the files in
an April 2 letter to the President
Letter on Arab Oil Sought.
It asked specifically for a letter
James A. MofTett, then representing
the California-Arabian Oil Co.
wrote Mr. Roosevelt on April 16,
1941, offering the Navy cheap oil
from Arabia if a $6,000,000 advance
royalty payment could be made to
King Ibn Saud. Mr. Roosevelt said
the advance could not be made and
the deal fell through.
Mr. Moffett has charged before
the committee that oil companies
subsequently charged 'he Navy "ex
cessive" prices for oil from the
Arabian area.
The committee said in its letter
to Mr. Truman it could not describe
all of the documents surrounding
the proposed 1941 deal.
uiuup (laits utuau nuuiuinj.
It asked the President to Issue
authority "sufficiently flexible and
inclusive so that a representative
of the committee may examine
documents and records in the Hyde
Park library, together with a rep
resentative of the legal custodian
of the papers, for the purpose ol
identifying and obtaining copies ol
all documents and records relevant
to the committee's inquiry."
The committee letter said it
wasn't giving up any subpoena
powers, but thought that "in view
of your co-operative attitude, the
facts required by the committee can
be obtained expeditiously without
engaging in any controversy over
this issue."
Senator Brewster told reporters
that the apparent decision to make
only the Moffett letter available rep
resented an attitude "utterly at
variance'' with Mr. Truman's views
when he was a Senator and chair
man of the War Investigating Com
mittee himself.
"As chairman of this committee,"
Senator Brewster said, "Mr. Truman
always asserted the right of commit
tee counsel to examine public rec
ords, which seems like a pretty good
rule.
"If he is saying now that we must
specify in advance what documents
we want, that is utterly at variance
with the practice of the committee
under his administration."
China
'Continued Prom First Pagp.ι
the nearest Communists were 20
miles away.
During'the first 30 hours after
their capture by a small band of
Reds, the two officers were forced to
travel continuously as the Com
munist force retreated northward
before a government counter-offen
sive, they said
"On the second day," Maj. Rigg
declared, "Collins was unable to
continue because the toes of both
his feet were frozen (Collins suf
fered frozen feet while & prisoner
of G.ermany during the war" and we
told our captors we refused to con
tinue. The answer was a group of
soldiers with bayonets who prodded
us into carts."
The two officers finally were taken
to Harbin, 150 airline miles north
east of Changchun, making the last
lap by train.
Placed in Solitary Confinement.
They were separated immediately
and placed in solitary confinement
with armed guards at each door and
a heavy force surrounding the old
house which the Communists turned
into a temporary prison.
During their confinement, each
was fed two meals a day. Maj. Rigg
said this was "ample—but we could
have eaten more."
The questioning which the two
later learned constituted their "trial
as spies" was conducted before Red
Generals Huang Yo-feng and Li
Li-san. the latter the chief of the
Communist Foreign Affairs Depart
ment in Manchuria
Maj. Rigg said the Communists
played one American against the
other with frequent cross-question
ing and shouted charges of "liar!"
• Sessifins of these 'trials' lasted
from six to nine l^ours each." he
added. Questioning \ias interspersed
with lectures by the ^presiding Judge
on the errors of American foreign
policy."
Communist leaders were bitter,
the officers said, and rejected any
«^cognition of the Americans' dip
fcmatic status as members of the
fcnbassy staff.
Maj. Rigg said he and Capt. Col
»s
:<■ -Mi: m*?.· ^-U^MN··········
ARMY OFFICERS FREED IN CHINA—Maj. Robert Rigg (left)
of Chicago ând Capt. John W. Collins (right) of Evanston, 111.,
who were released Thursday after 55 days' internment by Chi
nese Communists in Manchuria, pictured as they talked with
Augustus Sabin Chase, United States Consul at Mukden, China.
This picture was made prior to their capture March 1 near
Changchun. The officers were en route to Nanking yesterday
to tell the United States Embassy of their experiences.
—AP Wirephoto.
lins learned through a broadcast
heard over a guard's radio that they
had been convicted as spies. Then
he said, "we didn't know what was
going to happen."
The following day, April 9, Gen.
Li invited the two officers to lunch
and informed them that although
they had been convicted, they would
be liberated, in accordance with a
promise by the Red commander in
chief, Gen. Chu Teh.
"Li Li-san told us then 'we
planned originally to try you before
a Peoples' Court. The results in
that case would not have been so
j favorable.' "
(The usual verdict in Peoples'
Court cases involving support of
: the government is the death sen
| tence.)
Maj. Rigg said that during the
ilast few days of imprisonment, the
attitude of Communist leaders be
came friendlier. Both officers asked
and received permission to go sight
seeing and shopping in Harbin un
jder guard.
The officers said they were well
' supplied with pro-Communist books
mostly by American writers—dur
ing their solitary confinement.
During the "trial," both officers
isaid, they were informed they were
prisoners of war. When they ob
jected, saying they were accredited
i diplomatic representatives of the
; United States in China, the presid
ing officer asked them: "Which
would you rather be considered—
ί prisoners of war or international
! spies?"
Their treatment, except during
the trial period, was "decent," the
officers $aid. They had heated
rtJoma during the subzero weather.
, . A few days prior to their release,
Maj. Rigg said, they were informed
the Communist press wanted ic
ι photograph them in a "typical day.'
"The first item was the biggest
breakfast we had seen since cui
! capture," he said.
During the day. the Communists
forced the officers to submit to com
plete physical examinations, with
cameras recording every move
They were asked to sign release
statements, but refused until the
.communists furnished them prom
ised transcriptions of their trials.
Asked for his thoughts during im
prisonment, Capt. Collins replied:
j "After a couple of weeks, I began
I to wonder just how long this civil
I war could last."
Closed Shop
I ι Continued Prom First Page *
comply with the law by throwing
their jobs open to non-union work
; ers.
Should a strike result from the
latter reason, and the State law later
be held unconstitutional, the con
tractors might be sued for non-per
formance. If, on the other hand,
they refuse work to non-union ap
plicants, they can be sued for
damages under the new law.
While the law provides no criminal
penalties, it specifies that employers
or unions or a combination of both
who deqy the right to work because
of non-membership in a union are
acting in an "illegal combination or
ι conspiracy. '
This wording might permit crim
inal prosecution In addition to civil
action.
The new law does not upset exist
ing contracts, but applies to renew
als and new agreements.
An AFL spokesman here today
; described the law as "drastic and
! apparently unconstitutional." and
; predicted that a test case will be
made at the earliest poesible time.
Similar Test Cases.
A similar test case has been made
in Florida, and another is expected
in Delaware. The spokesman said
these cases are being pressed either
by the unions or attorney generals
in the various States to hasten
State Supreme Court rulings, which
likely will be reviewed by the
(United States Supreme Court.
An acute shortage oi both union
and nonunion labor in the build
ing trades has developed in the
Washington area, where the biggest
I private building boom in 18 years
I is under way.
In some cases, nonunion work
ers are getting more than the union
contract scale.
One contractor recently adver
tised for bricklayers at $22.50 a
day ior a five-day week, with time
and a half for Saturday On a
! number of jobs, it was said. "slow
downs" or artificial limits have
been placed on the amount of work
one man could turn out in a day.
Meanwhile, new anticloscd shop
legislation poses a difficult question
for the higher courts in that two
fundamental American rights ap
pear in conflict: The right of con
tract, and the right of every man
to work at his highest productive
skill.
Labor courts in Braail are award
i iiig wage increases from 30 per cent
up.
44 Are Reported Slain
In Indo-China Ambusli
By the Associated Press
PARIS, April 26.—French dis·
patches from Indo-China said todai
that 44 persons, including two min
isters of the Cochin-China govern
ment, were killed yesterday wher
Viet Namese forces ambushed £
convoy 40 miles south of Saigon.
The advices said the action, neai
j Mytho on the Mekong River, was
1 the most important attack by th<
Viet Namese since hostilities begar
; in Indo-China last December.
The two officials—Truong Vinh
Kpanh, education minister, and
iDiap Quang Dong, undersecretary
j of state—were killed when a road
jmine blew up their automobile,
i Mortar shells then smashed into the
:onvoy which was escorting them.
Viet Namese forces, which have
rebelled against the French colonial
i government, consider Cochin-Chi
! nese officials puppets of the French.
Other dispatches announced the
arrival at Saigon of Paul Coste
Floret, French war minister. The
secret Viet Namese radio said an
official envoy of Ho Chi Minh's Viet
Nam government had arrived at
Saigon to attempt to open peace
I talks with the French high com
missioner, Emile Bollaert.
Telephone
(Contlnuéd Prom First Page.)
threshed out in collective bargain
ing.
A. B. Haneke, company vice presi
dent, said the agreement was "beinj
hailed as the peace formula" foi
terminating the national strike
Conciliator Lucien F. Rye agreed il
I "may set a national pattern."
Union Quit Federation.
J. Β Morrison, vice president anc
general manager of the Chesapeaki
& Potomac Telephone Co. here
cited the agreement as an indica
tion "to unions here that we car
settle our disputes around the bar
gaining table."
But Joseph A. Beirne, NFTW
president, said the Maryland unioi
had voted six weeks ago to drop ou
of the national federation April 30
and tendered its resignation afte:
signing yesterday's agreement. Thi
other NFTW affiliates, includinj
three others in Maryland, have re
fused to arbitrate locally, he said.
The Maryland union member:
will return to work at 6 a.m. Monday
but more than 4,000 operators anc
other workers are continuing theii
part in the stoppage.
■ Woman Picket Arrested.
Police Pvt. Vincent Antonelli last
night arrested Mrs. Mary Ellen
Hurley, 42, of 419 H street S.W., anc
charged her with disorderly conduct
on the picket line in front of the
telephone office at 723 Thirteenth
street N.W. She was released on $i
collateral for appearance in courl
Wednesday.
Pvt. Antonelli said Mrs. Hurle>
was arrested on a similar charge
Wednesday, but gave her address as
1620 Β street N.E. She is scheduled
first charge.
In San Francisco a clash betweer
poilce and strikers yesterday broughl
the arrest of 14 men and 13 womer
charged with "refusing to move on'
when asked to break up a demon
stration In the business district.
Tack Warns Phone Workers.
In Virginia. Gov Tuck warnec
telephone workers they might "fine
themselves out of employment for a
long time" If they refused to work
for the State during a strike sched
uled for May 17. His statemenl
was an answer to union advice tc
workers that their right to strike
was "sacred."
Henry Mayer, chief counsel foi
NFTW, told Nashville (Tenn.)
strikers he had asked Attornej
General Clark for an Investigation
of A. T. & T. by the Antitrust
Division.
The strikers' defense fund was
strengthened here by a $10,000 check
from the AFL Teamsters and a
promise by President Daniel L,
Tobin to repeat the contribution
every two weeks as long as the
strike lasts:
Annoyed by what he called monop
olizing of the sidewalks by picketing
telephone strikers. Representative
HofTman, Republican, of Michigan
yesterday introduced a bill that
would drastically curb District
picketing methods. *
Mr. Hoffman's bill would cut
pickets to one for each 25 workers
involved, confine picketing to the
outside fifth of the sidewalk, and
prevent obstruction of building en
trances. Penalties would be Jail
sentences up to 30 days and fines
up to (500 or both, and would
deprive any violator of rights under
the National Labor Relations Act
lor six months.
Newburyporf System
Spreads as Buyers
Resist High Prices
•y »h· Associated Pr·»»
More communities adopted the
"Newburyport plan" for a flat 10
per cent retail price cut today.
Some businessmen, however, ques
tioned the soundness of the current
drive for lower prices.
Newburyport, Mass., announced an
indefinite extension of the original
10-day limit on its 10 per cent
across-the-board retail price slash.
New communities joining the plan
included: Multnomah, Oreg.; Old
Town, Me.; Mechanicville. Ν. Y.;
Chester, pa., and Virginia, Minn.
Many merchants in Culver City,
Calif., and Liberty, Mo., joined the
price cut plan, and some merchants
in and around Memphis, Tenn., and
Bloomfield, N. J., will meet Monday
to consider joining.
President's Town Holds Out.
Merchants to President Truman's
home town of Independence, Mo.,
however, almost unanimously re
jected a 10 per cent price cut to
fight inflation. His old friend, Mayor
Roger T. Sermon, a veteran grocery
operator, said he didn't see how the
plan could succeed in Independence.
"Independence groceries operate
on a 17 to 20 per cent markup. The
average cost is 14 to 15 per cent.
There is no way for them to start
an overall 10 per cent reduction."
Commodity prices throughout
Ohio skidded today and merchandis
ing experts credited the reduction to
buyer resistance—both on part of
the consumer and retailer—reaching
the manufacturer and wholesaler.
"A buyer's market has started to
knock the price structure back into
balance," said Fred Lazarus, jr.,
president of Federated Department
! Stores. Inc.
Declaring both consumer and re
tailer had been resisting high prices,
he sa id the manufacturer soon would
"find hin^elf in a buyer's market,
too." and added:
"He'll pwt pressure on the pro
ducer of raw materials. Then the
cure—you'll have a balanced price
economy."
In Cleveland, another department
store spokesman said:
"there is some evidence that some
manufacturers are beginning to turn
out merchandise that can be sold
in familiar price categories—those
in effect when ΟΡΑ control was
j killed."
Won't Buy Fall Items Now.
Other Cleveland retailers said
they were refusing to buy some late
summer and fall items at this time.
The Glanz Style Shop, a Cleveland
store!4nstituted a 10 per cent across
j the board price cut.
Triangle Food Stores—which op
erates 115 groceries in the Ohio,
West Virginia and Kentucky area—
ι announced price cuts averaging 10
'per cent
Some shirt manufacturers, ac
cording to Murray Rabbino, counsel
for the Shirt Institute, Inc., feel
jthat "agitation" for lower prices
may be misleading the public into
expecting "drastically" lower prices.
Price changes announced by man
ufacturers included:
Wesson Co. in New Orleans—2
ceafc a pound reduction in shorten
; ing and thref cents a pint on salad
toil.
Olidden Co. in Cleveland—Three
i cents a pound cut in Durkee's Mar
! garine, reflecting recent declines in
1 vegetable oils and milk.
Lumber Firm Cuts Prices.
L. W. Foster Sportswear, Inc., in
Philadelphia—Fall line prices to be
"leveled to the 1944 and 1945 av
ι V* «BVC.
Dierks Lumber & Coal Co., in
De Queen, Ark.—A general reduc
tion In prices for pine lumber,and
hardwood οf $5 to $10 per thousand
board feet.
Suppliers to the mail order and
retail store chain company of Mont
gomery Ward have begun to reduce
prices, its president, Wilbur Norton,
told stockholders. The trend started
in textiles, he said, and is spreading
to home furnishings and durable
{goods. He added that Increases
were still coming through in some
lines, particularly those requiring
! steel.
Price reductions in the United
States, which last week had the
' coffee growers of Santos, Brazil, in
: ι turmoil, brought repercussions this
; week in Manila, where a govern
, ment spokesman said "copra specu
• lators" were in "near-panic" over
ι price cuts by American soap manu
; facturers and a slump in the price
of copra, used in the manufacture
of soap.
Labor
'Continued From First Page.)
day and will probably last all week
and longer.
Senator Taft, joined by Senator
Ball, Republican, of Minnesota and
others of both parties, wants to:
Prohibit unions from interfering
with workers' rights to self-organi
zation; tone down the practice of
industry-wide bargaining; enable
private employers to get injunc
tions to block jurisdictional (inter
union) strikes, and prohibit union
controlled welfare funds.
oui nans closed s nop.
The bill as it stands does not
contain thoee provisions. It does
contain & ban on closed shop con
tracts; elimination of bargaining
rights of foremen; creation of an
independent mediation service; in
junctions to stop strikes endanger
i ing the national health and welfare;
a ban on jurisdictional strikes and
other practices.
I Speakers against the Taft-Ball
amendments are expected to include
Senators Ives, Republican, of New
York; Morse, Republican, of Oregon;
Ellender, Aiken, Republican, of Ver
mont, and Hatch, Democrat, of New
; Mexico.
Here is the general stand of those
Senators:
(1) They wint some labor bill to
become law; (2) ' they believe the
present bill, approved by the Senate
Ukbor Committee, is reasonable;
i (3) they think that if it is tough
ened during debate, the final bill
passed by Congress will be ao re
! strictive that the chances of a
presidential veto will be increased
and there will be no new labor law
' at all.
; The House has already approved
a far-reaching bill which must even
tually be compromised with the
Senate version.
Meantime, a third group in the
Senate, opposing both the ρ::«ηΙ
bill ana the amendments, 1 1 its
plans today. This was the small
I band centering around ε iators
j Thomas, Democrat, of Utah; Tapper,
Democrat, of Florida, and Hurray,
Democrat, of Montana. Tî'ae were
indications that they may offer a
substitute for the whole measure.
Peru is preparing to inaugurate
measures to curb inflation.
Thomas Cites Inability
Of Congress to Obtain
Foreign Affairs Data
Congressmen too often must de
pend on newspaper columnists and
radio commentators for information
on foreign affairs, Senator Thomas,
j Democrat, of Utah told members
!of the American Society of Inter
national Law today.
He said he once had asked the
State Department how a< certain
columnist had obtained information
which hte Senate did not have, and
was informed there had been "a
leak in the Foreign Office in India."
Senator Thomas said he was in
ι favor of the creation of a Civilian
' Committee to advise the President
I and Congress what effect any given
foreign policy could be expected to
produce. The suggestion that such
a committee be appointed was made
Thursday by Charles Cheney Hyde,
president of the society.
Mr. Hyde made it clear hoth then
and today that the committee would
not help the Government form a
foreign policy, but merely advise
what results could be expected from
pursuing any type of foreign policy.
Germany Discussed.
Charles Fairman, professor of po
litical science at Sanford University,
told the society that any German
peace treaty would necessarily
"festen on Germany continuing ob
ligations." He said democratic de
velopment of any country "inured
to totalitarian rule" would be slow.
Discussing legal aspects of the
occupation of enemy territory. Dr.
Fairman said the Allied military
courts are not subject to judicial
review by United States courts, in
his opinon.
τηβ 4ist annual meeting, held in
the Carlton Hotel, ended with the
election of officers :
Hyde Is Re-elected.
Charles Cheney Hyde, Hamilton
Pish professor emeritus of Interna
tional law at Columbia University,
was re-elected president. Secretary
of State Marshall was named hon
orary president.
Elected to the eight-man execu
tive council were two Washington
attorneys: Edmund Dumbauld, of
the Department of Justice and Dur
ward V. Sandifer, legislative counsel
for the State Department. Charles
Evans Hughes and Cordell Hull
were among the honorary vice presi
dents chosen.
Philip C. Jessup, professor of in
ternational law at Columbia Uni
versity yesterday talked about
methods of teaching international
law in law schools.
On United Nations Committee.
Meanwhile, the State Department
announced that President Truman
had appointed Mr. Jessup to a
United Nations Committee that will
study methods to encourage the
development. of international law
and its eventual codification. The
committee meets May 12 at Lake
Success.
Mr. Jessup served as assistant sec
retary general at the UNRRA and
Bretton Woods conferences. He for
merly held several positions in the
State Department.
Alger Hiss, president of the Car
negie Endowment for International
Peace, discussed the development of
international law through interna
tional organizations at last night's
meeting.
The United Nations and interna
tional law was the subject of a talk
by Sir Carl Berendsen, Minister of
New Zealand to the United States.
υ. y Wheat stockpile
At 10-Year Low
The Nation's stockpile of wheat
has dropped to the lowest in 10 years.
On April 1, stocks in all positions
totaled 309,644,000 bushels, thè Agri
culture Department reported yes
terday.
This*is 7 per cent less than a year
ago and the lowest since 1937.
The department report noted that
exports and milling of wheat "have
continued at very high levels."
Meanwhile, the International
Emergency Pood Council disclosed
that European countries have asked
for about 25,000,000 bushels more
grain for May and June than has
been allocated them.
A spokesman said France alone is
seeking 10,000,000 additional bushels
of wheat. Other countries asking
ifor supplemental allocations include
Poland, Finland, Sweden, Norway,
Switzerland and the occupied zones
of Germany and Austria,
The spokesman said that Argen
tina offered about the only hope for
these areas.
Prices
ι Continued From First Page.>
and Prince Georges County are con
sidering taking group action against
high prices.
James P. Pitch of the George
town Trade Guild explained the
proposed Georgetown plan this way:
Merchants will be asked to re
duce all prices 10 per cent. In addi
tion, merchants will refund another
2 per cent to customers who buy
more than $100 worth of goods dur
ing May. All merchants participat
ing in the program will carry a big
"G" in their windows.
Number to Be Announced.
Mr. Fitch said members were busy
last night rounding up supporters
and distributing circulars explain
ing the novel plan. He expects to
have an announcement later today
on the number of merchants ready
to Join in the program.
Albert and Peter WalcofT, brothers
who operate the Princess Market at
85 H street N.W., announced they
were giving the Newburyport plan
a try in their grocery store begin
ning Monday. This would be one
of the first food stores to take such
action here.
They said everything would be re
duced 10 per cent, including meat,
bread and milk.
"We feel It will work and already j
have the co-operation of one whole- !
saler," Peter Walcoff said yesterday.1
They plan to allow a 10 per cent ;
markdown when each customer's !
bill is totaled at the checkout !
counter.
A 10 per cent reduction on all!
merchandise in the Public Shoe
Store, Arlington, was announced yes- !
terday by Samuel Friedman, owner, j
who said it was in compliance with :
President Truman's request to keep
pares down.
Some authorities In the retail
business here were inclined to doubt
the success of a communitywide
price reduction for Washington.
One expert pointed out the plan
has a better chance of success In
smaller communities than Wash
ington.
The Merchants and Manufac
turers' Association raised the ques
tion yesterday whether merchants
would go along on a flat reduction
of prices because of antitrust laws.
ι „ fgii , 5 ψΜΜ§ά }'- ■! ' \ ' R3 ?
Judge Jones1 Salary as Chief
Of War Foods Hit at Hearing
ly the AuocKatxf Pr*u
A Senate committee debated yes
terday whether Marvin Jones was
"ethical" in receiving his $12,500
salary as a judge of the Court ci
Claflms while serving without pay
as war food administrator.
The issue was raised in a Judi
ciary Subcommittee hearing on
nomination of Judge Jones to be
chief justice of the Court of Claims.
He told the committee that James
P. Byrnes as war mobilization di
rector offered him a Federal judge's
pay "or more, if I wanted it" as
food administrator.
"I said no," Judge Jones added, "I
would continue to draw my same
salary since it all came out of the
same till anyway."
Senator Ferguson, Republican, of
Michigan read from a 1943 act of
Congress a provision for a $10,000
salary for war food administrator.
Judge Jones said it was his under
standing that no head of the war
agency ever accepted this salary
but continued, instead, to draw his
former pay.
Attorney General Clark told the
committee that "we could not make
a better appointment for chief jus
tice (of the Claims Court) than
Judge Jones."
The nomination was opposed by
former Circuit Judge William Clark
of Princeton, N. J. Judge Clark also
a?ked the committee to review "the
discrimination practiced by the De
partment of Justice against me, a
Federal judge who tried to serve hi3
country." He left the bench to serve
: as a "lieutenant colonel in the Army
and has not been reinstated. He
; has a suit pending before the Claims
[ Court for $9,375 in back pay for the
nine-month period after his Army
| discharge.
ι Attorney General Clark told Sen
jators the two cases differed in that
the resignation of Judge Clark was
offered and accepted", while Jones
never resigned his judgeship. The
I Attorney General also said the for
mer Judge accepted his Army pay
while Jones did not accept pay as
war food administrator.
Rails Insist War Rate 1
On Freight Was Low, i
Oppose U. 5. Refunds
ly th· Associated Prut
Justice Department plans to seek
refunds on wartime export freight
charges from 964 railroads brought
a reply today from the carriers'
association that the rates were "not
only reasonable but were extremely
low."
President William T. Parley of the
Association of American Railroads
stated that in most cases the
charges were less than those made
to other shippers for the same
service.
The Justice Department expects
to lay its complaint Monday before
the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion, which Mr. Parley termed "the
proper tribunal."
Attorney General Clark an
nounced yesterday the Government
will contend that the railroads
charged it more than private ship
pers for overseas freight held at
interior points during seaport con
gestion.
"Paid Lower Rates."
Mr. Faricy's statement declared :
"The fact is that in no case did
the Government pay higher rates
than commercial shippers and in
most cases the Government paid
lower rates put into effect as a
special concession by the rialroads,
as permitted by the Interstate Com
merce Act.
"In no casé did the Government
pay charges higher than the legal
charges. The only question is one of
the reasonableness of the rates and
we are glad that this question is to
come before the proper tribunal for
decision. It will clearly appear that
the rates which were charged to the
Government were not only reason
able but were extremely low and in
most cases were less than those
charged to any other shipper for the
same service."
When overseas freight is held at
oort fcr lack of ship space, a special
low export storage rate applies.
The Attorney General asserted in
his announcement yesterday that
private shippers got this special rate
applied to their freight held at
interior points, but that the railroads
refused to do the same for the
Government.
Land Grants Involved.
This refusal. Mr. Clark said, was
based on the claim by the railroads
that if the low rate had been applied
to military and naval freight it
would have been subject to still
further "land grant" reduction.
Until late last year, the Govern
ment received a special discount on
all railroad business as a return for
grants of land made to the carriers
in the early days of rail develop
ment.
The ICC will be asked to look into
the storage rates charged the Gov
ernment between June, 1941, and
October, 1946, and order any refunds
that may be indicated.
Samuel B. Davenport, 32,
Succumbs at Walter Reed
Samuel B. Davenport, 32, died
yesterday at Walter Reed General
Hospital after an illness of seven
months.
Mr. Davenport was born in Pitt
County, N. C., and had lived in
Hanovçr, Pa., and Baltimore. He
enlisted in the Army in April, 1945
and went overseas about six months
later. He served in France and Ger- j
many with the 28th Medical Labora
tory of the Eighth Army. He later
was moved to Japan where he was
attached to the 3rd Medical Labora
tory. He was discharged April 12,
1946, and suffered a heart ailment
soon afterward.
Mr. Davenport is survived by his
widow, Mrs. Helen D. Davenport,
and a son. Dale Gerard, 6 of
Hanover. Other survivors are his
parents, Mr. and Mrs. John A.
Davenport; two brothers, Leighton
Davenport and Leroy Davenport; a
step-brother. Claud Padgett; and a
sister, Mrs. Hazel Whitaker, all resi
dents of North Carolina.
Funeral services, to be held in
Hanover, will be conducted by the
Rev. Howard E. Sheely, pastor of
the Trinity Reformed Church, of
which Mr Davenport was a mem
ber. Details of the service and burial
have not yet been arranged.
Heads Annapolis Police
ANNAPOLIS, April 26 The
Anne Arundel County board of com
missioners announced the appoint
ment of Z. Gardner Jones, Annap
olis businessman, as police commis
sioner succeeding Walter Larrixnore
who recently was named to the
county Board of Election supervis-i
ors.
Holdup
• Continued Prom First Page.>
Mr. Furneyhough notified police j
at No. 9 precinct and they immedi
ately broadcast an alarm to all po
lice to be on the lookout.
Mr. Furneyhough. incidentally,
said he was going to purchase the
auto for which he had the $1,630
from s No. 1 precinct policeman and j
was on his way there when he was j
robbed.
Mr. Furneyhough, who has worked ·,
for a wholesale produce dealer, said !
he believed "Charley" waa a "cheap
huckster." He described him as
about 38 years old, five feet, eleven ,
inches, 150 pounds, of slender build
and sportily dressed. He said he
believed "Charley" lived in Arling-j
ton, Va.
Stock Market Uneven
In Quiet Dealings
At Week's Close
By Victor Eubank
Associated Press Financial Writer
NEW YORK, April 26.—A little
short covering and timid buying
here and there by professionals kept
the stock market pretty well bal
anced today although many leaders
slipped and dealings were among
the slowest of the year.
The ticker tape dozed from the
start and generally small fractional
variations either way left the direc
tion somewhat cloudy near the close.
Transfers dwindled to around 300,
000 shares for the two hours.
Schenley was an active and rela
tively strong spot;. Publicker and
American Woolen also were favored.
In the plus common most of the
time were United States Steel,
Chrysler. Goodrich, Montgomery
Ward, Sears Roebuck, American
Telephone, North American, Inter
national Paper, Pacific Western Oil,
Kennecott, Dow Chemical and Air
Reduction.
Occasional stumblers included
American Home Products, Procter
& Gamble, Santa Pe, Norfolk &
Western, Chesapeake & Ohio, Great
Northern Railway, Goodyear, Gen
eral Motors, Bethlehem, American
Can, Deere, General Electric and
Union Carbide.
There was moderate bidding on
the basis of earnings and dividends
but wage - price situations, tax
doubts, business skepticism and for
eign affairs remained as confusing
elements for speculative and invest
ment contingents. Accounts were
trimmed pending more light on the
overall picture.
Bonds were uneven. *
Board of Trade
(Continued Prom First Page.)
American and the Chevy Chase
Savings Banks.
He became president of the Second
National 11 years ago. He served
as president of the D. C. Bankers'
Association in 1942 and 1943.
During the war, Mr. Reilly served
for more than a year as chairman
of the District War Finance Com
mittee, directing the third, fourth
and fifth war loan campaign here.
The drives during that time brought
in a total of $437,368,000 in bond
sales.
Taught in University.
Mr. Reilly, former professor of
finance and crédite at Columbus
University and credits and nego
tiable instruments at Southeastern
University, also holds membership
on the Executive Committee of the
Washington Clearing House Associ
ation, the Association of Reserve
City Bankers, and the Advisory
JOHN A. RE1LLY.
Committee of the Reconstruction
Finance Corp.'s loan agency at
Richmond.
He also is president of the Na
tional Catholic Community Service,
and treasurer of the Georgetown
University Alumni Association, the
Columbia Country Club .and the
Republican Senatorial Campaign
Committee. In 1943, he served as
president of the Cosmopolitan Club.
Mr. Howat, who moved up from
second vice president, will preside
over Executive Committee meetings
of the group. A past Traffic Com
mittee chairman of the organiza
tion, he headed a special committee
last year to study expansion pro
posals for the boards' activities.
Mr. Siddons, also a native Wash
ingtonian, is a former professor of
banking at National University and
was president of the District of Co
lumbia Bankers' Association in 1934.
Fleming, President 1934-5
Mr. Fleming, re-elected treasurer
of the board, served as its president
from 1934 to 1935. He is chairman
of the Board of Trustees of George
Washington University.
Mr. Owen, assistant treasurer last
year, is a member of the advisory
board and director of the American
Security & Trust Co., the Fidelity
Mortgage Si Investment Co. and the
Washington Title Sc Insurance Co.
Mr. Colladay, re-elected general
counsel, served as the board's presi
dent from 1923 to 1924, and again
for t.'ie 1937-1938 term.
Mr. Cassidy is president of the
Merrick Boys' Camp and a member
of Catholic Charities, the Washing·
ton Building Congress. Kiwanis Club,
Knights of Columbus and the Co
lumbia Country Club.
The election meeting was held at
the board's conference room at The
Star Building.
Diamonds are eighty-five times
as hard as the nearest competitive
gem. 1
Brig Prisoners Say
They Were Forced
To Fight Each Other
By ft· AiMciBlid fm·
ANNAPOLIS, April 26. » Two
sailors testified yesterday that when
they were confined to the Naval
Academy enlisted men's brig they
were struck and forced to fight be
tween themselves by a pair ol fellow
prisoners.
They gave this testimony at the
general court-martial of Marine
Pfc. Joseph Charles O'Cleary, 18, of
Buffalo, one of five marines and »
sailor accused by the Navy of abus
ing prisoners in the brig.
Seaman 1/c Alexander Leon of
New ,York. one of the two men
whose complaints to an academy
medical officer first brought the al
leged brutalities to light, said he
had been forced to fight "eight or -
ten" other prisoners until he fell ex
hausted.
When he did tumble to the floor,
Leon said O'Leary picked him up,
struck him in the stomach and flung
him against a wall.
One of the opponents in the
fights. Seaman 1/c John W. Curley,
jr., of Pittsburgh, told the court that
when he struck Leon lightly, Sea
man 1/c Jeunes Edwards Childs, col
ored, of Camilla, Ga., ordered him to
punch harder
Before he resumed the scrap, Cur
ley said Childs also struck him.
Childs was the first of the six to
appear before a general court-mar
tial. (The record of his trial now is
before Rear Admiral James L. Hol
loway, jr., academy superintendent,
who convened the court.
Rites Set Monday
For Miss Ellison
Funeral services for Miss Margaret
Ellison, 27. Washington-born War
Department worker, who died March
28 in Montreux,
Switzerland, of a
cerebral hemor
rhage, will be
held at 11 a.m.
Monday at Ar
lington Ceme
*ery.
Miss Ellison
was the daugh
ter of the late
Dr. Everett M.
Ellison, promi
nent Washing
ton physician
who died In 1939.
Her mother was
Alberta Huntt Mi" Ε|»·βη·
Ellison, who died in 1926.
She attended Central High School
in Washington and graduated from
American University in 1943. She
worked in Washington with the Brit
ish Air Commission and the War
Shipping Administration, doing per
sonnel work until she enlisted in the
WAVES in September, 1944.
After discharge, Miss Ellison went
abroad with the War Department
personnel and training division of
the European Air Materiel Com
mand Headquarters and was sta
tioned at Erlangen, Germany. At
the time of her death, she was on
vacation.
She was a member of Alpha Phi
Sororit# at American University, the
Foundry Methodist Church and the
Young Republican Club. Her Wash
ington residence was at the Embassy
Apartments, 1613 Harvard street
;N.W.
Miss Ellison is survived by her
■ stepmother, Mrs. Fanny May Huff
Ellison of the Embassy Apartments,
and two sisters, Mrs. Albert F. Gris
ard, Fairlington, Va., and Mrs. Wil
liam Dwyer, at present in Shanghai,
China, with her husband, who is
connected with the State Depart
ment.
Funeral services will be conducted
by the Rev. Dr. Frederick Brown
Harris, pastor of the Foundry Meth
odist Church.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Sunny and
rather windy, with temperature ris
ing to near 65 this afternoon. Clear
tonight, with lowest in upper 40s in
the city and near 40 in the suburbs.
Tomorrow, sunny and warmer with
highest in the 70s.
Virginia and Maryland — Clear
with little change in temperature
tonight; some frost likely in the
mountains. Tomorrow, fair and
warmer.
Wind velocity, 18 miles per hour;
! direction, northwest.
Blver Report.
Lowest, 7, on February #.
Tide Table·.
(Fu/nished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.) _
High ..
Low
Hlih
Low
1 12:37 a.m.
1:'M a m.
- - . .. 13:50 p.m.
7:14 p.m. β:20 p.m.
13:5!) ρ m.
The Son and Moon.
Λ. .· r.»».|ww>iWM 114 induce ill IU«
Capita (current month to date»:
Montn. J 94? Average. Record. _
January 3 ii
February "Ι":" 1.27
March 1,02
2.03
June ~ZZZZ~"
July ....
Auguit
September
October
November ~
December
3.55
3.37
3.75
3.27
3.70
4.13
4.71
4.01
3.24
2.84
2.37
3.32
7.83
«.84
8.84
0.13
ΙΟ.ββ
10.114
11.OR
14.41
17.45
8.81
7.18
7.5β
Temperature· In Various Cltitf.
'37
'84
•01
'8®
•8»
•|W>
'45
•28
•34
•37
'77
•01
Albuquerque"?/* ^40
Atlanta M
Atlantic CitT 55
Bismarck
Boston
Buffalo „
Chicago
Cincinnati
Detroit ...
El Paso __
Galveston .
HarrUburg 49
Indianapolis 47
Kaaias City «3
ΙΛ3 Angeles «H
Louisville 54
64
54
49
51
50
50
flfl
81
High. Low.
Miami .. 80
Milwaukee 5fl
New Orleans 84
New York.. 53
Norfolk _ 58
Okla. City-. 54
Omaha 88
Phoenix 85
Pittsburgh.. 48
Portland 5β
St. Louis . 57
8. L. City
San Antonio
San Fran co
Seattle
Tampa
85
85
HD
87
38
64
42
Ί»
43
43
a
p
li
48

08
House Member Finds
His Manuscript Is
For Another Speech
•y »he Associated Pr»se
Representative Granger. Dem
ocrat, of Utah strode to the
microphone, pulled a manu
script from his pocket—and a ;
look of horror spread speedily
over his face.
There was a moment of em
barrassed silence before his col
leagues in the House learned
what the trouble was.
"Wrong speech," said Mr.
Granger sheepishly.
He then ad libbed for 5 min
utes. «
k

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