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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 29, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny today; high about 70 this after·
noon. Tonight, cloudy; low about 48. Cloudy
tomorrow, but warmer.
Temperatures today—High, 67, at 1:10 pjn.;
low, 41, at 5:50 a.m. Yesterday—High, 00,
at 3:55 p.m.; low, 40, at 5:40 a.m.
(Full Report on' Pace A-2.)
Closing Ν. Y. Markets—Soles, Poge A-17."
95th YEAR. No. 57,614 Phone KA. 5000,
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, APRIL 29, 1947—THIRTY-FOUR PAGES.
An Associated Press Newspaper
City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday if firVTS
90c a Month. When 5 Sundays, #1.00 ** iO
Guide for
Page
After Dark A-ll
Amusements ...Λ-13
Comics B-14-15
Editorial A-8
Reade
Page
Lost and Found..A-3
Obituary A-l#
Radio . B-15
Society, Clubs....B-S
Sports A-14-15
Woman's Page..A-12
Palestine Probe
Proposal Placed
On U. N. Agenda
Britain Wins Initial
O.K. for Committee
Of Fact-Finders
fty the Associated Press
NEW YORK, April 29.—Britain
won initial approval for setting
up a Palestine fact-finding com
mittee today after declaring ehe
could not be expected to "expend
blood and treasure single
handed" to carry out United Na
tions recommendations on the
future of tfte Holy Land.
The 14-Nation Steriqj Commit
tee of the United Nation Assembly's
Palestine session agreed without a
formal vot* to place the British pro
posal on tue agenda.
Action was deferred until this
afternoon on the Arab proposal to
add an item calling for immediate
Palestine independence.
Mahmoud Hassan Pasha. Egyp
tian delegate representing the Arab
states, objected to inclusion of the '
British item on the agenda, but did
not challenge the announcement of
Assembly President Oswaldo Aranha
that the item was approved.
Cadogan Expresses Views.
orna in s siaLemem on iicr a™·
tune toward possible Assembly rec
ommendation was given by Sir Alex
ander Cadogan when India chal
lenged him to give assurance that
Britain would abide by United Na
tion decisions on Palestine.
The delegates recessed until 3 p.m.
'EST) after an hour and one-half
session highlighted by the British
Indian wrangle which was joined
by «everal other delegates including
Russia.
The exchange took place shortly.
after the Assembly's Steering Com
mittee met to decide whether the
extraordinary session should be
broadened to Include consideration
of Arab demands for immediate
Palestine Independence.
Egypt Demands Action.
Egypt then plunged into the con
troversy and demanded that the
committee act on the Arab demands
either before or along with Britain's
proposal for creation of the fact
finding committee to report back on
the Palestine question at the Sep
tember meeting of the Assembly.
Mr. Aranha ruled, however, that
the British proposal should be taken
up first.
Indian Delegate Asaf Ali. taking
the floor as the Steering Commit
tee began debating the Assembly's
agenda, challenged Cadogan to clar
ify Britains position before any ac
tion was taken.
The Indian demand was backed by
Andrei A. Gromyko of Russia ana
Hassan Pasha, despite a ruling by
Mr. Aranha holding that the issue
should not be brought up in the
committee but in the Assembly it
*»1f
Will Amplify British Poeltion.
Cadogan read a statement by
Lord Hall in the House of Lords
last week which said: "I shouldntj
imagine Britai/i carrying out a pol
icy which they thought wrong.";
Cadogan said he would amplify the
British poeition in the next day or
two in the Assembly.
Ali said, however, "that the ques
tion asked has not been answered
satisfactorily." He added: "It ap
pears, if Lord Hall's statement is
taken as Cadogan says, it does not !
mean that Britain will not accept
the United Nations decision, but
there seems a distinction. It would i
be a sheer waste of time to consider
the British proposal if they are j
not going to abide by the U. Ν
decision. We should know the j
British answer before we place the
item on the agenda."
Reply by Cadogan.
Cadogan finally gave this reply: ί
"Any recommendation or decision
taken by the Assembly may have to
be enforced. We can't see how we !
should be expected to carry out a
decision single-handed, how we1
would be expected to expend blood1
and treasure single-handed."
Hassan Pasha then demanded
that the committee take up im- ;
mediately the Arab proposal for >
consideration of Palestine inde- 11
pendence.
"I believe that the Arab proposal
li more concrete than the British
proposal," he said. "I ask for con
sideration of our proposal at the
same time, if not before."
As the important session began.
Paris el Khoury. chief Syrian dele
gate, expressed confidence that the
committee would approve the Arab '
proposal to add this question to the
agenda.
The Arabs, however, were faced
with powerful opposition from the
United States, Britain and China,
who already had expressed the view 1
that the session should be confined 1
to the British proposal to create a
fact-finding committee which would
(See U. N„ Page À-6.)
Sailor, 18, Asphyxiated
In Mother's Apartment
James Walters, 18. a seaman sec- ι
ond class, on leave from a Florida ,
navaal station, was found uncon
scious today in his mother's gas
ftlled apartment at 114 Ninth street
S.E. and was pronounced dead after
resuscitation efforts failed, police (
reported. ι
Police said they found a note ad- '
dressed to the mother. Mrs. Violet 1
Walters, a waitress, who was at
work at the time. The note was
addressed to "Mom" and. according '
to police, said: "Sorry that I have I
to take this way out." |l
Ralph Brown, also of the Ninth ι
street address, said his daughter
Shirley, lfi. found Mr. Walters" body. .
After smelling gas ai she passed the <
apartment. Miss Brown picked the !
door lock with a coat hanger and '
found the sailor on the kitchen floor. 1
Mr. Brown related. He said all stove ι
gas jets were on.
The discovery was made at 9:20 1
aon., police said. Mr. Walters was 1
pronounced dead at 11:05 ajn. by ι
Dr. Η. H. Ganton of Casualty Hos- ;]
pital after a Are rescue «quad had
failed to revive him. M
! I
Truman Plane Speeds Àleman
To D.C. for Gala Welcome
Two fire truck extension ladders form an Inverted V to sup
port this welcome banner and Mexican flag at the east end of
the Memorial Bridge, under which President Aleman will pass on
the drive to the city from National Airport. —Star Staff Photo.
By Chris Mathisen
President Aleman of Mexico
was speeding toward Washing-]
ton today in President Truman's
personal plane, "The Sacred
Cow," as the Capital stood ready
to greet the distinguished visitor j
with music, flags and "vivas."
The "Sacred Cow" took off at 7:02,
this morning ι Washington time»,!
after the 43-yeai-old Mexican ex
ecutive received a 21-gun farewell
Aleman Plane Passes
Atlanta With Escort
Of 12 Super Forts
B-29s Meet 'Sacred Cow'
At New Orleans; Will
Fly Over Parade Here
By W. H. Shipper), Jr.
Th· Stor's Aviation Editor
ABOARD A B-29 IN PRESI
DENT ALEMAN'S ESCORT, April,
29.—A squadron of big Super!
Forts out of Texas met Mexican
President Miguel Aleman's plane
sver New Orleans shortly before!
noon today and passed Atlanta
it 1:17 p.m. on their nonstop
light to Washington.
iney win ny in iormation over
:he welcoming parade at the Capitai
ihis afternoon.
A dozen Β-29s of the 7th
Bomb Group took off from Port
Worth at 8 a.m. (Eastern standard
time) to pick up the" Sacred Cow
η which the visiting chief execu
tive is flying to Washington as a
;uest of President Truman.
A forecast for fair weather over
Washington indicated the big
bombers will be able to tighten
their formation and sweep the
parade route at an altitude of 1,500
feet after making two passes over
National Airport at 1.000 feet when
President Aleman alights from his
slane.
Weather permitting, the Strategic
Mr Command planes will circle
Washington apd vicinity for about
in hour before proceeding to'
\ndrews Field, in nearby Maryland.
The escort group will be met over
Richmond by a jet fighter squadron
)f P-80s from Andrews Field under
:ommand of Lt. Col. Howard F.
3ugo of Oklahoma.
The deputy commander of the j
3-29 formation is Maj. Charles T.:
vloreland of Post Oak. Tex., and
)ilot of our plane. The last time
his writer saw him he was flying
Ire raids on Japan out of the Mar
anas.
Most of the escorting airmen in·
oday's show have impressive com-:
>at records. Maj. Moreland flew 20
aids on Japan and prior to that
lew B-17s with the 8th Air Force
η Europe.
Biff le Host at Luncheon
For Duke of Windsor
ly tWe Associated Press
Leslie L. Biflle, staff director of
he Senate Democratic Policy Com
nittee. arranged a luncheon in his
Capitol suite today in honor of the
Duke of Windsor. |
Invitations included Secretary of
he Treasury Snyder. Arthur Gard
îer, assistant to Mr. Snyder; Sen- '
itors Barkley, Democrat., of Ken
ucky: Maybank. Democrat, of South
Carolina; Hatch. Democrat, of New
Mexico: Lucas. Democrat, of Illi- :
lois; Tydings, Democrat, of Mary
and. and McMahon. Democrat, of
Connecticut ; Joseph Da vies, former 1
Embassador to Moscow, and Steve
Carly, former White House press !
ecretary.
Silent Neighbors Stand Outside
To Mourn at McLean Funeral
By Miriom Ottenberg
Mrs. Evalyn Walsh McLean's
îeighbors stood in a silent row
tcross the street from Friendship
oday and mourned the passing of a
wonderful woman."
That's what they called her as
hey waited in the sunshine for the
lower-draped casket to be carried
ο the waiting hearse. Again and
igain, they used the some two words.
Inside the house, the Rev. Edmund
f. Walsh, S. J., vice president of
Georgetown University, was reading
he funeral service for Mrs. McLean,
tho died Saturday of pneumoia.
rhe famed Washington hostess,
>wner of the Hope diamond, lay be
ore an improvised altar in the great
i*ll. The altar had beçn erected
►eneath a picture of the Madonna
md Child, one of Mrs. McLean's
avorite painting».
The services were private, with
mly the family and close friends at
I
; tending, but in a sense, there was a
I service outside, too.
"I felt as if I knew her." one of
the neighbors said. "She was so
good to the neighborhood. She had
a wonderful pool and all the boys in
ι the neighborhood could come to
I use it."
A white-haired woman standing
\ nearby nodded.
"I knew a lame boy from Walter
; Reed who went to her parties. You
know, every Friday and Saturday
night she would have the boys here'
from the hospitals. The boy I know j
had such a good time."
Another woman who said she lived
just up the street from the new
Friendship at Wisconsin avenue and
R street recalled how Mrs. McLean
would start patrolling the streets at
the first sound of the air-raid siren
"At first, my son-in-law, who was
also a warden, didn't know her," the
(Set McLEAN, Page A-4.) ι
i
salute at the Mexico City Airport.
Another plane, carrying Mexican
newsmen and correspondents, left
the airport several hours earlier in
order to be in Washington before
arrival of the official party.
Party Includes Aleman's Son.
The president's party includes
his 14-year-old son, Miguel, two
members of his cabinet—Secretary
of the Treasury Ramon Beteta and
Foreign Secretary Jaime Torres
Bodet: United States Ambassador
Walter Thurston, and five aides.
During his stay in this country.
President Aleman is expected to
.seek aid for his government's vast
irrigation, industrial and power de
velopment program.
In a farewell message, he remind
ed the Mexican people to watch the
newspapers to learn "the ideas that
induce me to make this visit to
the United States."
President Truman will leave the
White House at 3:30 p.m. to go to
the airport to greet his distinguished
guest, whose arrival is set officially
for 4 p.m. At the airport Mr. Tru
man will be joined by members of
his cabinet.
The Β-29s accompanying the
"Sacred Cow" are not to land; but
are to be joined by a group of P-80
Shooting Stars in an aerial review
over the route of the presidential
motorcade before returning to Fort
U/nrth
Greeting to Be Televised.
The greeting scene will be caught
by television cameras," and the re
marks of the two presidents will be
broadcast. The welcoming cere
monies will take place in front of
the Air Transport Command ter
minal building and will be open to
the public, subject to Secret Service
restrictions.
Military honors will be accocded
by the Army Band and the 504th
Parachute Infantry Regiment, a
unit of the 82d Airborne Division.
The two Presidents will inspect the
regiment together before leaving
the terminal.
Their motorcade will enter Wash
ington by the Memorial Bridge. At |
the Lincoln Memorial end, it will
pass under an inverted "V" formed
ay fire department extension-ladder
trucks, from which a large Mexican
flag and a welcoming banner will
be hung. The Army Air Forces Band
will be stationed at this point.
Crowd of 250,000 Expected.
A crowd expected to reach 250,000
persons will honor President Aleman
is he rides with President Truman
in an open automobile down Con
stitution avenue to Sixth street N.W.
md back on Pennsylvania avenue
to the District Building.
Trie motorcade will reach the re- !
:eption stand there at about 4:45
j'clock. The two presidents will not
eave their car, but President Aleman
will respond briefly when presented
-he key to the city and a scroll by
Commissioner John Russell Young.
Engineer Commissioner Gordon R.
Sfoung will offer an additional
greeting in Spanish, and Commis
sioner Guy Mason will join in the
welcome.
The program at the District
Building is to begin at 4:45 o'clock,
tt will include a band"* concert, in
roduction of prominent personages
present and songs and dances ap
propriate to the occasion. The
science there is to be kept in
formed of happenings at the air
x>rt and approach of the motor
:ade by means of a public address
;ystem.
High school cadets and Boy and
3irl Scouts will be released from
liasses early in order to take their;
>oeitions. Government employes
irill be released at 4 o'clock if their
egular hours of work extend be
'ond that time.
Eighteen bands, supplied by
ichools and patriotic and fraternal
>rganizations, will provide music
(long the route, and 10,000 Mer ·
can flags will be distributed to j
ι See ALEMAN. Page A-6.)
Deficiency Bill
Raises Threat of
U. S. Demotions
House Committee
Protests 'Constant
Upgrading' of Jobs
By Joseph Young
The House Appropriations
Committee today struck a seri
ous blow at the Government's
promotion system and raised the
possibility that thousands of
Federal employes might have to;
be demoted.
In reporting out the second de
ficiency bill, the committee expressed
its dissatisfaction with "the con- :
stant upgrading of positions in the
Federal service."
It placed a curb on future promo
tions by requiring that any agency ;
making future promotions must ab-1
sorb the total cost accruing from
these advancements out of their
current appropriations.
The provision forbids agencies to
upgrade employes from one classi
fication to another if such a promo
tion will mean that the agency would
have io come before Congress with a
deficiency request. ί
Dismissals May Result.
No deficiency appropriation rçill
henceforth be made for this pur
pose, the committee said.
Federal officials said the proviso,
if upheld by the Senate, would dras
tically curtail the number of grade
promotions and probably would re
sult in many demotions.
They added that a number of
dismissals were likely to result from
(He new provision. 1
The officials explained that Gov
ernment departments are obliged in
many instances to reclassify jobs
upward, with the attendant higher
salaries, in order to attract and
retain high-caliber personnel.
Some Furloughs Avoided.
If agencies are forced to absorb
all promotions out of current ap
propriation funds, some of them
may find it necessary to downgrade
some of its less valuable employes,
it was said.
Other bureaus may even find it
necessary to dismiss employes in
order to upgrade others, the offi
cials added.
The committee today voted
enough funds to make it unneces
sary for several agencies to fur
lough some of their employes until
June 30: The agencies had re
quested the money for salary pur
poses to make up the additional
costs brought about by last year's
14 per cent Federal pay raise.
Out Of a total of $102,000,000 asked
for salary purposes, the committee;
allowed all but $7,000,000 of this re
quest. Federal officials said the
amount would be adequate to see
them through June 30. ι
A»ic ucperLinenis involved were
Interior, Justice, State, War and the
Civil Service Commission. Federal
Communications Commission, Fed
eral Power Commission, National
Archivée. National Labor Relations
Board, Tariff Commission, FederaJ
Works Agency, Library of Congress
and the Office bf Government Re
ports.
Other Federal departments previ
ously had been given enough money
to avoid pavless helidays.
$4,195,137 for U. N.
In restricting Government promo
tions, the committee said that in the
past, "it has been the practice of
Government departments either to
submit such items as efficiency esti
mates or, if current funds were suf
ficient to meet the costs for the re
mainder or the year in which ef
fective, to include the costs in the 1
next regular budget, purely as an
adjustment in the base of an ap-j
propriation, and as an accomplished
fact."
Hereafter, the committee said, if1
such items appear as an increase '
in the cost of the budget, "they !
must be presented before they can
become effective and must be justi
fied as aD increase over prior
appropriations."
In another action, the committee
approved $40,000 for dredging at the
Washington National,Airport. j
The funds voted by the committee
in the deficiency bill totaled $95,
478,658. The measure includes $4,
195,347 for the United States par
ticipation in the United Nations,
$500,000 for Indian health services,
and $60,382.000 for the Post Office
Department.
Army to Demote 640
Colonels on July 1
• y th· Asiooat*d Pr««
The Army today ordered 640 col
onels demoted to lieutenant colonel,
effective July 1. ' !
The wholesale reduction in rank,
applied to both air and ground offi
cers, but not including the Medical
or Chaplain Corps, is designed to
lower the number of colonels during1
the fiscal year 1948 to 5,628.
Of the total to be demoted, 588
will be Regular Army and 52 non
Regular Army. Forty-three will be;
air officers. The War Department m
announcement said that "non-Regu
lar officers who decline to accept 1
demotion will be relieved from ac
tive duty immediately without pre
judice." The proportion of reduc
tion is based on the ratio of )
Regular to non-Regular Army col- ι
onels.
A general exception to the demo- ■
Hon order will be made in cases of !
officers who previously were reduced
in the general reduction last year.
In the case of Medical and Chap
lain Corps colonels, the department
said theee branches will have fewer
colonel* than authorized on the
basis of the July 1 strength require
ments. The department said that 11
while there is no actual surplus of]1
Air Corps colonels, the War Depart- ]
ment feels that It. is more In keep
ing with realignment policy to re
duce a number of Air Corps offl- 1
cers." j ι
The names of the colonels af
fected will not be ready for publi
cation until about the middle of
June.
U. J. Chamber Tola
By Truman Price Cut
Is 'Pressing Task'
Reductions at All Levels
Wherever Possible and
Greater Output Urged
CAUTION DELAYS price-cut plans
in District area. Page B-l
By Vincent Dwyer
President Truman today rein
forced his drive to lower the cost
of living by telling the Nation's
leading businessmen their
"pressing task" ia to reduce
prices "wherever possible at all
levels while steadily increasing
production."
The President's message was con
tained in a letter to delegates to the
35ih annual meeting of the United
States Chamber of Commerce which
is being held at chamber head
quarters here. It was read to the
delegates this morning by Presi
dential Assistant John R. Steelman.
The chamber's policy committee
Will Introduce a resolution to the
delegates for their action later to
day as a result of the letter, a
spokesman said. He indicated the
resolution would suggest chamber
members go on record ai supporting
lower prices "wherever possible.'
Would Eliminate Waste.
"By careful planning," the Presi
dent's letter said, "by elimination
of wasteful methods and practices,
by expanding facilities where need
ed. and'by increasing productivity,
businessmen can greatly help in dis
pelling .the inflationary cloud now
hanging over us.
"The United States has long been
known for i£s success in the mass
production of goods at low prices
by well-paid workingmen and wom
en who themselves make up the
greater portion of the market for
the goods they produce. On this
firm foundation we must and will
move forward to an ever freer and
expanding system of private enter
prise."
Three speakers at today's lunch
eon meeting at the Hotel Statler said
the principles on which the Ameri
can economic system is based have
not been taught widely enough either
it home or abroad.
Dr. Henry C. Link said people have
Decome "more and more conscious"
sf the faults of free enterprise and
the American system generally and
'less and less conscious of its
raerits."
"Socialism—including the so-called
Christian Socialism—cannot even
jet started until it steals the proper
y and freedom of its citizens,'' he
said. ^
Educational System Criticized.
He described the American educa
ional system as "the most elaborate
îlan ever conceived for obscuring
ind even denying the elementary
acts of life." Educators, however,
ire not to blame, he said, but "we
mrselves. because while we have
'.upported education with our dollars
ve have neglected to guide it with
Mir nrinrinl^c "
Leonard W. Trester, director of
jublic policy. General Outdoor Ad
vertising Co., Inc., Omaha, Nebr.
>aid Americans do not know "ex
ictly what their own economic sys
;em stands for, what its basic prin
ciples are or in what important ways
t differs from other systems."
Arthur M. Hill, chairman of the!
Sxecutive Committee of the Grey
lound Cotp., Charleston, W. Va.,)
iaid living standards could rise in'
ι free economy, but were static or
downward" under collectivism.
"Why not meet our ideological
:ompetitors by the same means we
we in advertising our products?"
îe asked. That means, he con
inued, is to persuade and prove
ialue, "not use propaganda un- ;
ounded on fact because we real
ze that It won't work in the long
Tin."
The more than 2,000 delegates also
vere preoccupied today with two
luestions that are bothering many
'See U. S. CHAMBER, Page A-4.)
Clear, Warm Weather
Takes Over for Today
Washington's cool spell is just
bout over, the Weather Bureau said
oday, as sunny and warm weather, j
pith the temperature rising to the
fOs by this afternoon, was pre- !
licted. Tomorrow will be lncreas
ngly cloudy and warmer, the bu- :
eau said.
Low temperatures ranging from j
IS to 30 degrees with frost and;
snow flurries were reported from
Western Maryland last night. 1
I
Marshall's Stand
OnEuropeBacked
By Vandenberg
( Story and Text of Marshall Soeech
on Page A.-2.)
By the Associated Press
Senator Vandenberg, Republican
of Michigan declared today that th<
United States "cannot wait too long'
for a final European peace pro
gram if it finds agreement is "be
yond reasonable reach."
The chairman of the Senate For
eign Relations Committee said in s
statement he agrees with Secretary
of State Marshall's declaration ir
his radio report to the Nation lasi
night that this country cannot "sur
render basic principles in payment
for compromise and expediency."
"Secretary Marshall has honesth
! faced realities," Senator Vandenberj
i declared. "Peace lags because tht
Soviets insist upon demands which
America and her other Allies cannol
accept. It is worth a supreme efforl
to seek agreement during the com
ing %nonths."
Supporting Gen. Marshall's stanc
for basic principles, the Michigar
Senator continued:
"He also is right in frankly
'stating that we and the world can
not indefinitely permit disintegratint
forces to threaten sound results. Wt
must still strive for a united pro
gram.
"But if it is beyond reasonabli
reach we cannot wait too long foi
a peace program which at least
unites those who can agree."
Trans-Canada Airliner
Carrying 15 Missing
Near Vancouver Field
BULLETIN
VANCOUVER, British Co
lumbia (Λ*>,—A large oil-slick,
a quarter of a mile southwest
of Steveston, British Columbia,
at the mouth of the Fraser
River in the Straits of Georgia,
has been spotted by searchers
for the missing Trans-Canada
Airlines plane which vanished
last night with 15 persons
aboard.
By th· Associated Press
VANCOUVER, British Colum
bia, April 29.—A Trans-Canada
Air Lines plane with 15 persons
aboard disappeared today on a
flight from Lethbridge, Alberta
to Vancouver.
There were no clues as to its
whereabouts, although the plane—
a C-56 transport—checked in b\
radio only three minutes before it
was scheduled to land here last
night at 11:16 p.m. (PST.)
At that time, the Northwestern
Air Command said, the plane re
ported it was on the west leg of the
Vancouver radio range and was pre
paring to come in from 7,000 feet
altitude for a landing. The plane
has not been heard from since
There were no Americans aboard.
Eleven planes took off from Van
couver and Nanaimo Airports at
daybreak to search for the twin-en
gined Lodestar. Four of them were
RCAF craft.
The transport, piloted by a Capt.
Pike of Toronto, left Ijfcthbridge at
9:27 p.m. on the'flight of approxi
mately 475 miles over some of the
roughest terrain in North America.
When t'ne craft failed to land
after its preliminary report, North
west radio range stations were
(See PLANE, Page A-6.>
District Move to End
Day Care of Children
Scored at Hearing
Can't Conceive of Big City
Without Such Centers,
Senator McGrath Says
By Don S. Worren
A finding by the District Com
missioners that the child day
care centers no longer are need
ed. now that the wàr is over,
today provoked a sharp clash at
a hearing before the Cooper
subcommittee of the Senate
District Committee.
Vernon E. West, corporation coun
sel, cited the impending deficit in
District finances as one reason why
the centers should not be continued
after June 30. If they are. he said,
other activities must be reduced un
less Congress provides expanded
I revenues.
Senator Cfcpper, Republican, of
I Kansas urged passage of a bill to
j continue the centers for another
year, saying he found the program
had been generally indorsed.
"I am always interested in the
welfare of children everywhere," he
said.
McGrath Urges Center·.
Senator McGrath. Democrat, of
Rhode Island, co-author of the bill
with Senator Capper, said he sin
cerely believed in the "necessity and
social desirability" of the centers.
He added he could not conceive of a
city of a million population not hav
ing a program of this kind.
The Commissioners were taken
sharply to task by Senator McGrath
for not personally attending the
hearing.
; When Mr. West explained that
the Commissioners had other hear
ings today and that one of them
had an engagement to participate
in the welcome of President Aleman
of Mexico, Senator McGrath re
torted :
"I should think the welfare of
some 400 children of working moth
ers would be of more importance to
the Commissioners than partici
pating in the welcoming ceremo
nies.''
Demands "Alternatives."
; He asked Mr. West to serve notice
on the Commissioners he would ex
pect them to outline what their
"alternatives" were if they opposed
continuation of the centers.
Mr. West was asked his opinion,
but the corporation counsel begged
to be excused, since he was there
( See DAY~CARE, Page A-6.)
Five Hurt, One Seriously,
In Auto-Trolley Crash
One person was injured seriously
and four others received minor in
juries in an accident involving a
streetcar and an automobile at
Wisconsin avenue and Newark street
N.W. this morning.
The injured, all occupants of the
auto, were taken to Emergency Hos
pital. Most seriously injured was
Nicholas P. Hawthorne, 48. whose
address was not immediately known.
Others injured were Ralph Michel,
54, of 1361 Meridian place N.W.:
Missie Hitt, 30, of 1361 Irving street
N.W.; Albert A. Doz, 60. of 2000 H
street N.W., and Russell L./Nails, 43,
of 1303 Taylor street N.W.
Police said the automobile was
driven by Mr. Nails and the street
car by Ralph E. Woodward. 33, of
near Bethesda. Md.
Judge Upbraids Phone Striker,
Freed of Hurlina Nails in Street
TELEPHONE PEACE talks re
sumed in Washington today.
Page A-5
The head erf the telephone union
at the Wisconsin exchange, Be
thesda, was given a tongue-lashing
in Bethesda Police Court today by
Trial Magistrate Warren Browning
as he found her not guilty on
charges of throwing nails on a pub
lic highway.
At the same time hearings for
two other striking phone workers,
charged with disorderly conduct,
were continued until May 20.
Mrs. Gertrude E. Pierce, 4906 St.
Elmo street, Bethesda, was accused
of putting tacks and nails in the
middle of Walsh street next to the
telephone building the evening of
April 33.
After Mrs. Pierce'· testimony that
she threw matches, but not nails,)
Into the street "in order to heckle
some people," Judge Browning de
clared :
"You did try to make them think
you were throwing tacks. You sit
here and snicker and sriy they
weren't tacks.
"If you have the type of mental
ity which gives you pleasure from1
this sort of thing I suppose you have
enjoyed all the trouble you havej
caused the court, the police and'
the witnesses."
Walter E. Strother, Cabin John,;
had sworn out the warrant against;
Mrs. Pierce. He and other witnesses !
testified that Mrs. Pierce had
thrown "something" on the street!
as they were about te drive away :
from the telephone exchange.
Mrs. Pierce charged that Mf.
(See STRIKERS, Page A·*)
I
I *
'Daylight Saving
Hearing Is Slated
ByD.C. Heads
Sessions Are Planned
Week After 'Certain'
Signing of Bill
Assured of President Truman'e
prompt approval of legislation
authc*izing them to give Wash
ington daylight saving time, the
j District Commissioners today
decided tentatively to open a
public hearing on the matter
one week after the measure is
signed.
The bill had not reached the
White House this morning, but Press
Secretary Charles G. Ross said Mr.
Truman would approve it as soon as
it reached his desk.
In announcing their hearing plans,
the Commissioners said they wer·
based on the assumption the Presi
dent would sign the local option
bill.
The measure was passed by the
House yesterday by a vote of 218 to
45 and won unanimous approval
in the Senate less than an hour
javci .
To Test Sentiment of Whole Area.
The fenly change made in the
measure as it received final action
on Capitol Hill was approval of a
House amendment requiring the
Commissioners to give a hearing to
the views of residents of neighbor
ing counties of Maryland and Vir
ginia, as well as the people of the
District.
This amendment, by Representa
tive Wadsworth, Republican, of New
York was promptly accepted by
Chairman Dirksen of the House Dis
trict Committee, and a short time
later was accepted without debate
on the Senate side.
Mr. Dirksen, Republican, of Il
linois piloted the bill through the
House yesterday over what had ap
peared to be insurmountable op
position from members of the House
[farm bloc. He received staunch
support from both Republicans and
Democrats, from urban and rural
districts.
No Objection in Senate.
It was done over heated opposition
from some farm bloc members, but
on the final roll call the vote was
218 to 145. This was a sharp reversal
of the recent House action in knock
ing down the original, mandatory
daylight saving measure by a vote of
210 to 124.
The amended measure was sent to
the Senate with surprising speed.
Received there, Chairman Buck of
the Senate District Committee and
Senator McGrath, Democrat, of
Rhode Island, the latter the author,
made a quick study of the Wads
worth amendment. They found it
quite satisfactory.
\X7i4-U4~ - " **
- .... »·· *>wvM aiiici. HIC X1UUÎSC
had acted, Senator McGrath took
the Senate floor and called up the
House-amended bill. It went sailing
through without debate and without
a single objection. Capitol Hill
officials said the enrolled bill would
be on the désk of President Truman
sometime this morning.
Senator McGrath, who fathered
the first daylight saving bill as well
as the revised measure finally
adopted, said "I'm delighted to have
had a personal part in this. But I
am more pleased for the people of
the District."
O'Hara Leads Opposition.
Pinal House passage was won by
a bi-partisan vote. Republicans num
bering 130 joined with 87 Democrats
and one American-Laborite to pile
up 218 favorable votes. The opposi
tion was divided between 78 Repub
licans and 67 Democrats, for a total
of 145.
More than a score of House mem
bers participated in its sharp debate.
Leader of the opposition was Repre
sentative O'Hara, Republican, of
Minnesota a friendly member of
j (See DAYLIGHT SAVING7PgTÂ^6)
Senate Group Votes
Foreign Relief Funds
BULLETIN
The House voted tentatively
to slash a proposed $350,000,
000 foreign relief fund to
$200,000,000 The action, first
major test on the measure,
came on a teller's tally of 156
to 138. It will be subject to a
roll-call vote later.
Β γ th· Associated Ργ·»8
The Senate Foreign Relatione
Committee today unanimously ap
proved legislation authorizing <350.·
000,000 relief for five European areas
and China.
Chairman Vandenberg announced
the committee had refused to speci
fy in the measure where relief funds
will be spent, but would include in
a formal report a State Department
statement on this question.
He said the statement will indicate
that relief yill be provided for Italy
(including also Trieste), Hungary,
Austria, Poland, Greece and China.
The Senate group acted as the
House resumed debate of the relief
measure.
The House expected to settle in
quick test votes whether the relief
bill will be curbed or cut. but Chair·
man Eaton of the Foreign Affaire
Committee expressed belief there
was more vocal than voting opposi
tion.
British,/ U. S. Vessels
Collide Near Antwerp
By th« Associated Prtss
FLUSHING, Holland. April 28 —
The British freighter Merganser col
lided late last night with the 7.606
ton American steamer Norwallc Vic
tory in the Schelde River near Ant
werp, the Dutch Coest Guard said
today.
The 2,024-ton British ship was
beached with the help of other ves
sel* off the village of Doel. near
Antwerp, after first messaging:
"Ship sinking; crew safe." The
Norwalk Victory returned to Ant*
»erp.
»

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