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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 30, 1947, Image 1

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95th YEAR. No. 57,615 Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON,
ι
Weather Forecast;
Cloudy, warm today; high in 80s. Warm to
night and tomorrow, with a few showers.
Low tonight about 62.
Temperatures today—High, 81, at 1:10 P-m.;
low, 64, at 5:56 a.m. Yesterday—High,
at 4:05 pjn.; low, 41, at 5:50 a.m.
(Full Report on Pare A-S.)
Closing Ν. Y. Morkets—Soles, Poge Λ-23.
An Associated
City Home Dei very, Daily and Sunday β* /^ΤΓΧΓΠΡΟ!
90c a Month. When 5 Sundays, $1.00 ·* vjJûill A ÎD
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
D. C., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 30, 1947—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. ★★*★
Guide for
Page
Amusements A-H-17
Comics -B-18-19
Editorial A-12
Editorial Articles A-13
; Finance A-23
i Lost and Found-.A-3
Obituary
Radio
Society,
Americas' Unity
Is Key to Peace,
Aleman Says
Pan American Board
Hears Mexican Chief
After Arlington Visit
PICTURES ΟΓ ALEMAN'S tour to
day and the official greeting.
Page B-l
TEXTS OF ALEMAN and Truman
speeches. Page A-4
<Tcii of Speech on Page A-4.)
President Aleman of Mexico
declared today that the Amer
icas cannot afford to leave
"our peace at the mercy ol ag
gressors" because aggression
anywhere is a threat to peace
here.
The Mexican Chief Executive
spoke at a special meeting of the
Pan American Union Governing
Board held in his honor otf the sec
ond day of his three-day good
neighbor visit to Washington.
Welcomed by the ovation of some
700,000 on his arrival here yesterday
and honoriS at a state dinner last
night at the White House where he
spent the night, President Aleman
began his activities today by paying
homage to America's Unknown
Soldier.
He placed a wreath of gardenias,
red roses, Easter lilies and huckle
berry leaves at the Tomb of the Un
known Soldier in Arlington Cem
etery shortly after 10 a.m.
Stress Ideal of Liberty.
In his speech at the Pan American
Union later. President Aleman de
clared that one of the "more stable
characteristics" of the unity of the
American republics, is the "idea that
liberty is to be preserved througl:
the conjoint effort of our peoples."
"We have indeed formed an as
snr.inHon tr* liv*> ir» ncapo " v»*>
"and we do not wish to have ou:
peace at the mercy of aggressors
because we know that, sooner or
later any aggression, wherever
launched, imperils the peacc of the
Americas."
He added that, "an unchanging
desire" of the American peoples is
that "the independence of each na
tion, through the solidarity of all,
may be the monument of an en
during peace, born in liberty, conse
crated to justice and perfected
through democracy."
Colombian Weleomes Visitor.
President Aleman was welcomed]
to the meeting by Dr. Antonio Ro
, cha, Ambassador of Colombia and
chairman of the governing board
of the Pan American Union.
Dr. Rocha told President Ale- !
man that in his "able and calm
hands" Mexican policy is placed j
on its proper foundations—religious
faith, humanized understanding of
Justice, hard work."
"Your great people," he added,
"rightly trust in you, and all of us
trust in Mexico. You represent the
certain peace and prosperity of a
nation."
Meanwhile, Mexican Foreign Min
ister Jaime Torres Bodet, one of the
officiais visiting here with Mr. Ale
man, was to confer this afternoon
with Secretary of State Marshall
and Undersecretary Acheson.
The Mexican government is seek
ing a loan of about $175.000,000 frorr
the Export-Import Bank. It alsc
has applied for a $208,875,000 loan
from the World Bank for Recon
struction and Development.
The 43-year-old chief executive
left the White House this morning
v\j gu lv i/iic naui^i/UH tci cxxiuxi.v.
In a colorful setting there with |
approximately 1,000 looking on,
he placed the wreath at the foot
of the Tomb of the Unknown
Soldier.
Returns to Blair House.
An American Army bugler then
sounded taps and President Aleman
and his party went to the Blair
House, where he will remain as the
guest of this Government through
tomorrow for undisclosed con
ferences.
Riding in the car with President
Aleman to Arlington Cemetery
were Mexican Ambassador Don
Antonio las Monteros, Lt. Gen. Mat
thew B. Ridgeway, American mili
tary aide to the visiting President,
and Rear Admiral James C. Jones, |
naval aide. xj
A 21-gun salute greeted the party
at the entrance to the cemetery
grounds.
President Aleman left his car at
the entrance and walked through
the amphitheater with his party to
come to attention at the top of the
steps facing the Tomb of the Un
known Soldier as a portion of the
United States Army Band played
the Mexican National Anthem.
A color guard carried forward the
Mcxican flag as President Aleman.
flanked by his American military
aides, walked to within a few paces
of the tomb.
After the band played "The Star
Spangled Banner." Sergt. Charles F
Vsêë~ALlMAN. Page Α~-4.ι
Truman Will Sign
District Daylight
Time Bill Today
President Truman is expected to
Bign today the District daylight
saving bill.
The measure reached the White
House yesterday where attaches said
the President had no chance to
sign it.
White House action today will
pave the way for a public hearing
at the District Building next week.
jBased on the testimony of metro
politan area residents, the Commis
sioners will decide whether clocks
here will be reset this summer.
The city heads, while loath to set
a hearing date before the President
signs the bill, have said they will
hear testimony one week from date
of signature.
The bill, sponsored by Senator Mc
Grath, Democrat, of Rhode Island,
permits the Commissioners to order
daylight time if the people of the
District and nearby Maryland and
Virginia want it.
Col. Durant Gets 15-Year Term
At Hard Labor in Jewel Theft
Ordered Dismissed
From Army for His
Part in Hesse Case
By the Associated Press
FRANKFURT, Germany, April
30.—Col. Jack W. Durant was
sentenced today to 15 years at
hard labor and dismissal from
the United States Army for par
ticipation in the bizarre theft
of $1,500,000 of Hesse royal jew
els from Kronberg Castle.
After deliberating for two days
the American military court of
eight colonels convicted the 37-year
old former Interior Department at
torney on eight counts. These in
cluded theft, smuggling jewels into
the United States without payment
of customs and signing another offi
cer's name without authority in an
attempt to hasten a discharge from
the Army.
The slim, dark featured Durant,
who stood erect and motionless,
blanched when sentence was pro
nounced in a courtroom filled mostly
with American women and teen age
girls.
The crowd had craned to see the
glittering array of precious stones
spread out before the court martial
as evidence.
Specifically, the court found Du
rant guilty of stealing only $10,000
worth of the jewel collection, which
the army prosecution valued at $1,
500,000.
Durant's wife, former WAC Capt. :
COL. JACK W. DURANT.
Kathleen Β. Nash, a former country
club manager at Phoenix, Ariz., was
sentenced to five years at hard labor
last September 27 for her part in
the embezzlement. She had been
manager of the castle, the estate of
the Countess ef Hesse—a descend
ant of Queen Victoria of England.
The United States Army had re
(See DURANT, Page A-6J
Arabs Stalled in Fight
For U. N. Action Now
On Palestine Freedoir
Committee Debate Show:
Jroposal Cannot Win
Majority Vote
By th· Associated Press
NEW YORK, April 30.—The
Arab states apparently lost the,
first round today in their fight;
for immediate consideration of:
Palestine independence by the1
special Assembly of the United;
Nations.
After 10 members of the 14-nation
Steering Committee had spoken, the
lineup showed five definitely against
the Arab proposal to send this ques- j
tion on to the full 55-nation As
sembly for â decision.
When the committee recessed for
lunch Britain, the United States,
Canada, Eduador and Sweden had
definitely opposed the Arab plan.1
India's position was not entirely j
clear. Poland said she would !
abstain.
Majority Vote Impossible.
No member except Egypt, herself
an Arab state, indorsed the Arab
demand without qualifications. Sev
eral others had stated off the floor
that they would either vote against
the proposal or abstain. This meant
that it would be impossible for the
Arab item to get a majority vote fti
committee.
Only Russia, Czechoslovakia and
Egypt advocated a full debate on
the Palestine question at this extra
ordinary session.
The Arab states have made it !
■lean however, that they intend to:
.akeahe fight to the Assembly floor. !
A majority of the committee ;
members either formally or infor
mally indicated they wanted the
session restricted to consideration
of Britain's proposal for the estab- :
lishment of a fact-finding commit
tee to report back at the regular
Assembly meeting in September.
Czechoslovakia joined Poland and;
India in pressing for action to give!
the Jews a voice in the U. N. Pales- |
tine discussions. India opened the '
(See U. N., Page A-6.) I
Bulletins
McLean Estate Divided
The bulk of the late Evalyn
Walsh McLean estate, includ
ing: the famous Hope diamond,
will be d'vided equally among
seven grandchildren, it was
announced today. The home.
Friendship, will go to her son
in-law, the former Senator
Reynolds of North Carolina for
use during his lifetime.
Baltimore Fire Out
BALTIMORE, April 30 (Spe
cial).—A spectacular fire
which broke out in the Belfort
Corp. downtown furniture
factory this afternoon and
enveloped Univers'ty Hospital,
a block and a half away, in a
thick cloud of smoke was ex
tinguished within an hour
after six alarms had been
turned in. The fire was be
lieved to have started from an
explosion in the factory's
paint room.
Billion Waste Charged
In Army and Navy
"upply Duplication
Secret Army Report Cites
Peril of Throwing Away
Materiel in Next War
By Robert S. Allen
Copyright, 1947, North American Newspaper
Alliance, Inc.
A suppressed War Department
report revealing that duplication
of services and lack of co-ordi
nation by the Army and Navy
needlessly wasted hundreds of
millions of dollars in war sup
plies procurement, has been ob
tained by the Senate Armed
Forces Committee.
Prepared in January by Lt. Gen.
Leroy Lutes, Army ρ oGurement di
rector, the document was pigeon
holed on White House orders. Last
week, the Senate committee demand
ed the report after sharp Navy and
Marine Corps attacks on the pend
ing armed services unification bill.
In his report, Gen. Lutes states
that "duplication and lack of co
ordination in supply activities of
the Army and Navy during the years
1942 through 1945" cost the United
States an estimated $1,150,000,000.
This sum does not include gasoline,
oil and lubricant purchases.
Tit'ed "Unified Logistics Support of
the United States Armed Services,"
Gen. Lutes' report is meticulously
objective and impartial. It holds «ο
brief for either the Army or Navy.
It is a critical analysis of both serv
ices in the interest of combining
procurement systems to increase ef
ficiency and economy.
Warns of Next War's Demands.
"We are certain," Gen. Lutes de
clares. "that the materiel demands
of any future war will not be less
than those of the last. It may be
come. then, a simple matter of sur
vivial. Whether we use our re
sources efficiently or not may very
well be the determining factor be
tween victory and defeat."
Gen. Lutes cites a number of in
stances of wasteful duplication that
ran into hundreds of millions of
dollars.^
Among those are: $201,000,000 if
medical facilities and personnel had
been consolidated, $80,730,000 in
duplicating port installations, $22,
500,000 in overlapping staging area
operations, $17,700,000 in Pacific
storage facilities, $30,000,000 in com
munication costs, $2,000,000 per depot
on numerous adjacentdepots in the
United States and abroad, $62,000,
" ι See PROCUREMENT, Page A-6.>
Ton of Japanese Opium
Dumped at Hong Kong
By the Associated Press
HONG KONG, April 30.—More
than 2.000 pounds of opium seized
from the Japanese after the libera
tion of this colony were dumped
outside Hong Kong Harbor today
by officials of the Imports and Ex
ports Department. It was one of
the largest narcotic destruction jobs
undertaken here in the last 10
years.
Truman Cancels Conference
President Truman probably will
dispense with his customary news
conference this week. Press Secre
tary Charles G. Ross said today.
'Ghost Plane' Mystifies Britain
In Midnight Sweeps Over Coast
By tb· Associated Press
LONDON. April 30. — Recurring
reports oi a midnight "ghost plane"
swooping out of the £ast at tre
mendous speed gave the British
press a sensational aviation mystery
today, but the Royal Air Force,
while admitting the whole thing was
"slightly mysterious." refused to get
excited.
Eyewitness accounts said the
mystery craft, first spotted by radar
early in January, zooms over the
East Anglia coast — as though it
came from the continent—and dis
appears inland at a speed of 400
miles an hour or more.
What is even odder is that the
plane has never been seen making
the return journey from England
to the continent. RAF night fight
ers have tried regularly to intercept
the "ghost plane" but so far have
been unsuccessful.

"Radar has plotted some strange
things in its time, from children's
kites and raindrops to formations
of geese, but it surely never plotted
a stranger thing than this," said
the Yorkshire Post, adding":
"Is it a diamond or drug smug
gler? Is it conveying a secret agent
from one foreign power to another?
* * * The only reason we have
not yet heard—perhaps because of
Mr. Bevin's return from Moscow—
! is that the aircraft's wings have
been seen to be covered with snow."
All the Air Ministry would say
for sure is that the plane was travel
ing at 30,000 feet when radar
spotted it in January. "Our night
fighters always try to intercept un
known craft," a spokesman added.
This particular unknown craft is
down in the official records as
X362, "X" being the RAP symbol
far & plane that hasn't been iden
tified but may be at any time.
\ *
$200,000,000
Foreign Aid Bill
Voted in House
Margin Is 333 to 66;
Curbs Put on Funds
For Soviet Satellites
By J. A. O'Leary
The administration's forèign
policy suffered its first setback
in this Congress today when the
House passed a foreign relief bill
after slashing $150,000,000 off the
sum asked by President Truman
and clamping tight conditions
on aid going to countries under
Russian domination.
The final vote was 333 to 66.
The measure now goes to the Sen
ate, where the Foreign Relations
Committee already has approved
the full $350.000,000 figure.
House passage came only after a
number of strings were tied to the
fund. After voting, 225 to 165. to
cut $150,000,000 off the total, the
lawmakers decided by a roll call of
324 to 75 to write in an amendment
to require any Communist-dom
inated country to accept strict Amer
ican supervision of any aid it re
ceives.
The $350,000.000 fund was recom
mended by President Truman to
feed and give medical supplies to
needy peoples for the remainder of
this vear after UNRRA is mm
pletely liquidated.
Cut Sponsored by Jonkman.
Although this civilian relief is
separate from the question of halt
ing communism in the Mediterra
nean by sending $400,000,000 of direct
aid to Greece and Turkey, it has
been argued that feeding hungry
war Victims in other parts of Europe
also will discourage communism.
The $150,000,000 cut was sponsored
by Representative Jonkman, Re
publican, of Michigan. On the roll
call, the parties divided as follows:
For the cut—Republicans, 190, and
Democrats, 35.
Against the cut—128 Democrats,
36 Republicans and 1 American
Labor ite.
The amendment designed to in
sure proper handling of the relief
supplies was sponsored by Repre
sentatives Colmer, Democrat, of
Mississippi and Mundt, Republican,
of South Dakota.
The House decided yesterday, over
the Objections of the State Depart
ment, to name definitely the coun
tries which will be eligible for the
aid—if they meet a variety of other
conditions in the measure. They are:,
Italy, Greece, Hungary, Austria. Po
land and China.
Additional Amendments.
This was left unchanged today
along with these additional amend
ments:
Creation of the post of foreign
relief administrator to supervise the
program, rather than leaving it un
der the State Department.
A requirement that at least 90 per
cent of the relief suppliés be bought
in the United States.
A provision earmarking up to $15,
000,000 of the fund for the United
Nations children's emergency fund.
A condition forcing countries get
ting the aid to set up a Separate
fund into which proceeds from the
sale of American supplies would be
poured. This fund of local currency,
in turn, would be earmarked for
strictly relief purchases.
A ban against sending relief to
countries paying reparations from
current productions.
Dennis and Josephson
Indicted for Contempt;
Eugene Dennis, secretary of the
Communist Party in the United)
States, and Leon Josephson, New
York lawyer, today were indicted by
the District grand jury on charges
of contempt through their failure to
answer subpoenas to appear before
the House Committee on Un-Amer
ican Activities.
Each was named in a separate in
dictment or a single count in the
indictments returned before Chief
Justice Bolitha J. Laws.
Dennis is charged with contempt
through default by failing to appear
before the committee on April 9,
while Josephson's failure to appear
occurred on February 6.
The alleged offenses are misdea
meanors end carry possible maxi
mum penalties of a year in jail and
a $1,000 fine.
The House committee, at the time
the two were summoned to testify,
was investigating the activities of
the Communist Party and its mem
bers in this country.
An Explanation and
Appeal to Advertisers
There is a tremendous demand for newsprint paper and
a consequent world shortage in supply.
The Star is fortunate in having a permanent source of
supply and is receiving a normal increase in tonnage. Its
constantly increasing circulation and the space required for
complete presentation of the day's news, however, make it
impossible to meet the full demands, or even the legitimate
needs, of all its advertisers.
Under present conditions, all advertising in The Star is
necessarily allocated; all advertisers are requested to limit
themselves to their allotted space and, whenever possible, to
reduce their use of space under the allotments.
Classified advertising, a great service to the general
public, continues to increase, although printed in The Star in
the least possible space.
As the demands for space have exceeded estimates for
the first four months of the year, a serious encroachment
has been made on The Star's reserve Inventory of paper,
which cannot continue.
The understanding co-operation of all advertisers is
earnestly requested .in meeting this condition in a manner
that will be most lair to all concerned.
A
OH. WE'LL AGREE
_ WHEN WE'RE TIRED
OF ARGUING.
D. C. Milk Surplus May Force
More Dairies to Cut Prices
By-Products Plant Overtaxed by Supply;
High's Reduces Retail Figure One Cent
By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr. _
A reported milk surplus here
is overtaking the facilities of the
Washington area's largest milk
by-products plant and may force
additional dairies to cut prices,
it was learned today.
C. Y. Stephens, president of
Comico Products Corp., Alexandria,
reported that the plant was "swim
ming in milk," .which he said was
being diverted there bjr Washington
dairies. The plant makes condensed
milk and ice . cream mix.
Mr. Stephens said the plant has
handled as many as 22,000 gallons of
surplus milk within an 18-hour
period.
This development followed an an
nouncement of High's Ice Cream
1 Stores that it was cutting the price
! of its milk 1 cent a quart beginning
tomorrow because of a surplus.
Several dairymen here admit pri
. vately that High's action might open
the way for price cuts by other
retailers.
Nearlx all say. hoWever, that their
next step hinges on whether the
Maryland and Virginia Milk Pro
ducers' Association will back down
from its firm stand that producer
prices cannot go down so long as
feed and labor costs remain high.
Bruce B. Derrick, secretary
treasurer and spokesman of the as
sociation, -was unavailable for com
ment.
Ail official of the High's compafty,
which klso operates a large egg
(See PRICES, Page A-6.»
Chicago Raps Newsom
For 3 in Fifth Inning
To Lead Nats, 5 to 0
Kennedy Doubles Twice;
Lewis and Travis Also
Collect Two-Baggers
LINEUP:
WASHINGTON CHICAGO
Grace If Baker 3b
Lewis rf Appling ss
Spence cf Phil If y cf
Vernon lb Kennedy rf
Travis Hb Wright If
Priddy 2b Kolloway lb
Christman is Michaels 2b
Evans c Dickey c
Nev.'son ρ Rlstney ρ
Umpires—Messrs. Borer, Rommell, Hur
ley and Passarella.
By Burton Hawkins
Stor Staff Correspondent
CHICAGO, April 30.—The Chi
cago White Sox jumped on Bobo
Newsom in the fifth inning here
today, for three runs before he
was yanked, to lead the Nats,
5 to 0.
Bob Kennedy started the Chicago
attack in the first inning with a
double, scoring Appling, and Dickey
drove in another tally in the fourth.
After Appling and Philley collected
singles in the fifth, Kennedy
smashed out another double, send
ing both home, and Wright singled,
scoring Kennedy.
Haefner replaced Newsom in the
fifth.
FIRST INNING.
WASHINGTON—Grace grounded
to Kolloway. Michaels threw out
Lewis. Spence singled to left. Vernon
flied deep to Philley.
CHICAGO—Baker singled to cen
ter. Appling forced Baker, Christ -
man to Priddy. Appling took sec
ond as Newsom tossed out Philley.
Kennedy doubled to center, scoring
( See^ÂSEB ALLTp a geA - 4. )
Senate Defeats Move
To Split Labor Bilf,
By 59-to-35 Vote
Morse's Plan Rejected;
Supported by Barkley
After White Kouse Call
BULLETIN
By roll-call vote of 59 to 35,
the Senate today rejected a
move to recommit the omnibus
labor bill with instructions
that it be divided into four
separaté measures.
By the Associated Press
Senate Minority Leader Bark
ley announced after a White
House call today he will support
a proposal to break up the Sen
ate's catch-all labor bill into
four separate measures.
The Senate has agreed to vote by
i p.m. on the move by Senator
Morse, Republican, of Oregon to
sçnd the measure back to committee
for that purpose. Senator Taft, Re
publican, of Ohio predicted rejec
tion.
Senator Barkley told reporters
after talking with President Truman
that the President felt he could not
commit himself on labor legisla
tion until it reaches his desk.
'He naturally hopes Congress car
enact legislation he can approve,
the Kentucky lawmaker said.
Senator Barkley described the
Senate bill as "infinitely preferable"
to the tougher House bill. The lat
ter, Senator Barkley said, is "worse"
than the Case labor bill which Mr.
Truman vetoed last year.
Senator Barkley said the Demo
cratic Senate Policy Committee dis
cussed the Morse motion yesterday
and had suggested that he talk with
Mr. Truman to determine what the
Chief Executive thought of it.
Senator Morse, "who previously
(See LABOR, Pag? A-6j
Blowout Ends 75-M.P.H. Chase,
Six Shots Fail to Halt Auto
Twelve police cars and motor
cycles joined in a wild 75-mile-an
hour chase oi a speeding automobile
through Northwest Washington
early today which ended on Georgia
avenue just across the District line
in Montgomery County after six
shots were fired.
The occupant of the fleeing auto
mobile was listed as James Davis,
30. colored, 700 block of Girard street
N.W., gas station attendant, and
was taken to the sixth precinct
where he was being held for investi
gation.
The chase began at 4:30 a.m.
when a police car occupied by
Policemen Paul B. Kelly and John
A. Livingstone spotted a 1941 Buick
sedan speeding north on Ninth
street near M street N.W. The
police car pullel alongside and or
dered the driver to stop but at
Ninth and U streets N.W. he pulled
away at top speed, the policemen
said.
The policemen called the radio
dispatcher and asked for help and
the other cars began joining the
chase as the Buick headed in the
direction of Soldiers' Home.
Scout Car 132, occupied by Police
men J. G. Myers and P. M. Zazanls,
Truman's Price Policy
May Cut Employment,
U. S. Chamber Fears
; ■ :
Head of Economic Unit
Warns of Consumer
Withdrawal From Market
By Vincent Dwyer
President Truman's request
for lower prices may cause un
employment, the head of the
I Economic Committee of the
United States Chamber of Com
Imerce said today.
William S. Street, Seattle depart
ment store executive, said a "sound
! price adjustment" was being worked
iout before the President made his
plea. Consumers, he said, had in
! dicated their dissatisfaction with
prices and many retailers had "be
igun to reflect the consumer atti
j tude."
He warned the businessmen they
must now "carefully appraise"
whether the President's plea "will
produce a withdrawal from the mar
ket of purchasing power and per
haps result in wholesale cancella- :
tions of commitments both by busi- !
ness and the consumer."
Not Hopeful of General Cuts.
The chamber yesterday adopted a
resolution approving price reduc
tions "where and when business
coste permit."
Mr. Street said he was "not hope- !
fui" that price cuts would be made
generally "unless at the same time
there is a commitment on'the part
of labor that they will hold the '
line during the period such price
cut'ing will require before stability
is achieved."
Mr. Street spoke at one of six
luncheons held for · chamber dele-1
gates here attending the 35th an
nual meeting which began Monday
and ends tomorrow night.
The delegates unanimously
adopted resolutions today calling
for lower business and individual
taxes and deep cuts in Government
expenditures.
Favor Corporate Cut.
They voted for a reduction in the
corporate tax rate to 25 per cent.
The present is 38 per cent. ·
For individuals,, the chamber
favored maintaining the present
withholding principal, current pay
ment and present exemptions, but
! "with a substantial reduction of
< See CHAMBER, Page A-6j
Liquor Buying at Peak,
Tops 8 Billion for '46
By the Associated Press
Americans spent the unprece
dented sum of $8,700,000.000 on
whisky, beer and wine in 1946, the
Commerce Department reported
today. That was $n average of $89
for each person over 18 years old.
The total was $920,000,000 more
than the previous record, set in
1945. Federal, State and local gov
ernments got 40 per cent of the 1946
total, or about $3·,500,000,000, in
taxes. The Federal Government
alone received $2,700,000,000.
ι fell ip behind the fleeing automo
bile feci managed to pull alongside;
near the main gate of Soldiers'
Home. They were forced to drop
ι behind as the speeder tried to crash
ithem into the fence around the
home, they said.
Pvt. Myers said he shot three j
times, hitting the rear of the carl
with. each shot.
The fugitive car headed out
Georgia avenue toward Montgom
ery County and again at Georgia
avenue and Upshur street N.W.
tried to force the scout car ofT the
road. Pvt. Myers fired three more
times, again hitting the rear body
of the car, he said.
As the fleeing car crossed the
District line, the driver found the
i avenue blocked by two Montgom
ery County police cruisers which
had been directed into place by
radio. He attempted to make a
U-turn but the rear wheels of thd
Buick hit the curb and the tires
blew out, the pursuers said.
Within seconds the auto was sur
I rounded by seven Washington police
cars, three motorcycle policemen
and two Montgomery County cruis
, ers. The chase covered about 12
j miles.
*
43,000 Strikers
Return to Work
In Bell System
Raises Ranging From
$3 to $4 Granted in
NewYork, Philadelphia
Settlement of strikes involv
ing Bell System companies in
New York City and Pennsylvania
augured well today for a break
in the 24-day national telephone
stoppage.
In Philadelphia, Government con
ciliators announced that 8,000
maintenance employes were return
ing to work with weekly raises of (3
and $4. The New York agreement,
sending 37.000 employes back to
their jobs, provided for a $4 across
the-board Increase.
As four meetings involving key
American Telephone & Telegraph
Co. subsidiaries and unions con
tinued in Washington today, con
ciliators were encouraged by the
best wage offer yet made by a Bell
company.
One official involved in the Phil
adelphia settlement said it might
set a pattern for- a national settle
ment, but here Carlton W. Werkau,
strike leader for the National Fed
eration of Telephone Workers, in
sisted "he 39 member unions were
sticking by their demand for $6
a week.
Rejected as Yardstick Here.
Prank J. Fitzsimmons, president
of the Western Electric Employes
Association, which was reported
making progress in negotiations
here, said, "There will be no settle
ment under $6 as far as we are con
cerned. Telephone" workers can't
live on $3 and $4 increases wheri the
rest of the country is getting $6."
C. & P. officials here also rejected
the settlements as a yardstick for
ending the District strike.
"Our rates are regulated in the
District of Columbia and our wages
have always been established by
local comparison ' with wages paid
by other businesses in this com
munity," said J. B. Morrison, vice
president and general manager of
the company.
Mr. Morrison said 165 additional
employes returned today, bringing
to 1,125 the number of plant em
ployes now on the job.
Conciliator Ε. T. Bell, who saw the
28th meeting between the Chesa
peake & Potomac Telephone Co. and
the District Federation of Telephone
Workers end in failure last night,
said he would call the disputants
together again if conditions war
ranted.
Since none of the Eastern unions
was affiliated with the NFTW they
were able to close agreements with
out approval of the national organi
zation's Policy Committee.
First Asked $12 a Week.
While four independent unions
were involved in the New York set
tlement, five others embracing 19,000
workers and affiliated with. NFTW
remained on strike. A president of
Dne of the striking locals said she
expected the independent worker»
to respect their picket lines.
The Federation of Telephone
Workers of Pennsylvania, like the
NFTW, had demanded $12 a week
increase originally aiid, like the na
tional federation, had trimmed that
figure in half before striking last
Friday.
Signed after nearly 17 consecutive
hours of deliberation, the Philadel
phia settlement provided for in
creases of $3 weekly for worker·
earning less than $51 weekly and $4
for those making $51 or more.
Both union and Pennsylvania
Bell Telephone Co. officials said
they regarded the settlement as
"strictly a Pennsylvania matter." In
addition to the pay increase, the
union was granted a 10 per cent
night differential for work between
5 p.m. and 8 a.m. and an extra day
off if a holiday comes whén a
worker is on vacation.
Henry Mayer, counsel for some
NFTW unions, said of the New York
settlement: "It was below the na
tionwide pattern and the fight for
(See TELEPHONE, Page A-6.)
Briton Fined $39,200
For Spending Abroad
By the Associated Press
HENLEY - IN - ARDEN, England,
April 30.—Sir Edmund Crane, well
to-do motorcycle manufacturer, waa
fined $39,200 today for spending too
much English money in a non
English currency area.
The fine was the biggest yet im
posed in a series of cases under
taken by Britain to conserve her
currency.
Sir Edmund pleaded guilty to
giving checks for $10,000 to Jacque
Safra of Alexandria, Egypt, at
Cannes, Prance, for the hire of a
yacht; $8,000 to Mr. Safra in Cannes
"as a consideration for the receipt
by him for payment outside the
sterling area." and $1,600 to Cannes'
Carlton Hotel proprietor.
British currency regulations per
mit Britons to spend $300 a year
outside the sterling area for holi
days and $40 a day for business
trips. Sir Edmund said he used
the money while on trips made pri
marily for business. The prosecu
tion said he hired the yacht "prob
ably for valid and good reason."
Sir Edfnund's attorney said he In
curred the expenses while trying to
assist the British export drive.
Notice to Subscribers
Some subscribers to the home
edition of The Star will receive
their copies of The Star late
tomorrow due to ceremonies at
the Monument grounds in
connection with the "Prayer
Day for World Peace." Many
of the students who will attend
the ceremony are Star carrier
boys and will not be able to
deliver their papers until after
the services.

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