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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 01, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Warm, humid today; high in mid 80s.
Showers or thunderstorms in late afternoon, i
Sunny, windy, cooler tomorrow.
Temperatures today—High, 80, at 12:54 p.m.:
low, 65, at 12:01 a.m. Yesterday—High, 83,
at 3:20 p.m.; low, 64, at 5:56 a.m.
(Pull Report on Pase A-2.)
Closing Ν. Y. Morkets—Soles, Page A-29,
95th YEAR. No. 57,616 Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1947
e for Readers
Page
After Dark A-21
Amusements A-26-27
Comics C-10-11
Editorial A-16
Edifiai Articles, A-17
Finance _A-29
Page
Lost and Found.-A-S
Obituary A-24
Radio C-U
Society, Clubs—-B-3
Sports --C-1-3
Woman's Page.-B-14
An Associoted Press Newspoper
8ΕΛ ENTY-TW Ο PAGES. ★★★ S0cT»HMoηUl·"'1 Whe ηSunday00 5 CENTS
ι
Aleman Tells Congress of Need
For Continued Economic Accord;
U.S. Increases Credits to Mexico
.
Standing Tribute
Given President
To Climax Visit
( Text of President Aleman's Speech
on Page A-4.)
President Aleman of Mexico
today told Congress his country
and the United States "have an
example to set for the world" in
friendly co-operation.
Climaxing his three-day visit to
Washington with a speech to a joint
session of the Senate and House
in the House ch^nber, President
Aleman said the "friendly spon
taneity" of his reception demon
strates how "our nations have over
come the obstacles of the past."
For the future, he called for
"performance in the economic and
cultural fields" to help carry out
the good-neighbor policy, which
he described as "the truest expres
sion of the will for peace in this
hemisphere."
Receives Standing Ovation.
The 43-year-old Mexican Presi
dent entered the House chamber
by the center door promptly at
12:30 p.m. He received a standing
ovation of several minutes' dura
tion as he walked down the aisle
and mounted the dais just below
Speaker Martin.
Dressed in a double-breasted suit
of oxford gray, he remained stand
ing while the Speaker welcomed
him "to this historic forum to de
liver an address to the American
people."
"Our two countries were united in
fighting against the mighty totali
tarian forces which threatened de
struction of all freedoms of the
world," Mr. Martin declared. "We
must remain united to work for
rescuing the world from the chaos,
confusion and misery which is the
aftermath of the war. Never be
fore was unity and friendship be
tween the nations of the Americas
more necessary than in this crucial
hour."
Spoke in Spanish.
President Aleman spoke in his
native Spanish. English transla
tions of his speech were distributed
to members of Congress and diplo
mats attending the session before
he began speaking.
President Aleman was the first
Latin American chief executive ever
to address a joint session of Con
gress and the first foreigner since
British Prime Minister Attlee on No
vember 13, 1945.
President Aleman warned indi
rectly against any possible tend
ency In the United States to
return to an imperialistic role
in Latin -American affairs, -de
claring nothing shall hinder the
"unity of our peoples" so long as
this unity is sustained by the re
solve to reach "a just goal—the
goal of lining with honor and pro
gressing without impairment of our
independence."
Touches on Issue With Russia.
President Aleman touched at one
point in his address on one of the
controversial issues between this
country and Russia in connection
with the stalemated efforts to work
out, German and Austrian peace
settlement.—the issue of partici
pation in the peace conference by
small nations.
.nil \JL l4o CH.V.CJJLCU «Il CVJUill IC"
sponslbiljty in the struggle," Pres
ident Aieman declared. "There
fore. we could not now understand
a peace for which we were not
equally responsible." This Gov
ernment has urged, over Russian
opposition, that all countries at
war with Germany have a part in
making the peace treaty.
The 300.000,000 people living as
good neighbors in this hemisphere,
he declared, "are concerned, not
only with assistance to ward off
foreign aggression, but also with
common efforts to overcome the
dangers of poverty and despair in
the difficult years of the peace."
The appearance on Capitol Hill
was the first event on a crowded
afternoon and evening schedule for
the wind up of the first visit to
Washington by a President of this
Nation's closest southern neighbor
country. -
To Leave for New York.
President Aieman. who was wel
comed by one of the most tremen
dous ovations ever given a foreign
dignitary on his arrival here Tues
day afternoon, will leave at mid
night by train for New York. Presi
dent Truman will accompany him to
Union Station.
Immediately after his speech to
Congress, the Mexican President
drove to the Navy Yard and boarded
President Truman's yacht Williams
burg for a luncheon in his honor,
with Secretary of State Marshall
as host. *
President Aleman's schedule called
for a visit at 3 p.m. to Mount Ver
non, where he was to lay a wreath
(See ALEMAN, Page A-4.)
Impeachments hive Peron
Control of Supreme Court
By the Associated Press
BUENOS AIRES. May 1.—Ar
gentine President Juan Peron. al
ready in control of the government's
legislative and executive branches
by election, found himself today
empowered to take over the Su
preme Court, too, as the result of
Senate approval yesterday of im
peachment of three of the court's
five judges.
For the first time in Argentina's
history the President was enabled
to name a majority of the court at
one time, thus clearing the way for
complete judicial approval of his
labor and other legislation.
The old court frequently had
blocked actions of revolutionary
government* which preceded Presi
dent Peron s election. This was one
basis for the impeachments.
A
Military Display Toned Down
In Soviet May Day Observance
Stalin Watches Relatively Small Parade of
Armed Forces From Atop Lenin's Tomb
By Eddy Gilmore
Associated Press Foreign Correspondent
MOSCOW, May 1.—Flanked by
leaders of the Soviet government
and the Communist Party, Prime
Minister Stalin watched Russia's
traditional May Day display of
military and civilian power today
from atop the tomb of Nikolai
Lenin in Red Square.
Foreign ambassadors and min
isters. with their air, navy and mili
tary attaches, stood on either side of
the tomb, obviously out to see Mr.
Stalin and whatever the Soviet
armed forces might be showing in
the way of new military equipment.
Reviewing officer of the parade
was long-mustached Marshal Se
meon Budyenny, who rose to his
present position from the rank of
cavalry sergeant.
In a speech before the parade be
gan, Marshal Budyenny declared
the Soviet people were moving to
ward new successes in achieving
1 Communism, equal rights oi the
i people and "honest collaboration
between nations."
He concluded with the cry: "Hur
rah for Comrade Stalin."
A hot bright sun beat down from
a bright blue sky as massed bands
.played the Soviet national anthem
I and the Kremlin guns boomed the
decreed 20 solvoes.
Then the parade started, with
cadets from Frunze Military Acad
emy, led by heroes of the Soviet
Union, leading the way. Following
them came long lines of medal
laden heroes from the battles of
Berlin, Budapest, Stalingrad, Lenin
grad, Vienna.
The military part of the parade
was relatively small this year and
ended at 11:15 a.m., to be followed
" (See MAY DAY, page A-5.)
4 Killed, 40 Injured
As Steel Sheets Rip
Side of Pennsy Train
Cargo on Freight Car
Shifts, Striking Coach
On Passing Flyer
By the Associated Prest
HUNTINGDON, Pa., May 1.—
Sheets of steel protruding from
a moving freight train early to
day ripped a hole in the side of
the Pennsylvania Railroad's
flyer, the American and wrecked
another freight, killing four per
sons and injuring 40 others.
The freak crash occurred 5 miles
west of here at 4:47 a.m. (Eastern
standard time) as two 16-foot long
sheets of steel, laden lengthwise
aboard an open gondola of a west
bound freight, shifted suddenly so
that their ends stuck out over ad
joining tracks on either side.
Into one of these obstructions
plunged the New York-to-St. Louis
sleeper-coach passenger train, also
westbound on the parallel tracks,
ends of the inch-thick steel bit into
the fourth passenger car, tearing a
tremendous hole in its side. The
engine, mail car and another coach
also were damaged.
Four Tracks Tied Up.
Moments later another freight
moving east smashed into the steel
protruding from the other side,
sending the engine and tender
crashing from the tracks and tem
porarily tying up all four main
tracks of the Pennsylvania line.
The dead and injured in the third
fatal collision on the Pennsylvania's
Middle Pennsylvania division in
three months all were riding the
passenger train. Casualties were
rushed to Huntingdon Hospital and
to the Altoona Hospital 30 miles to
the east. Many of the casualties
were military service personnel.
The railroad listed these dead:
Joseph Selnick, jr., 18, soldier,
Pleasant Gap, Pa.
Sergt. Robert E. Deavers, Trinway,
Ohio.
Herbert Bertram Huetsch, Colum
bia, 111.
An unidentified woman.
The dead woman, apparently
about 35 years old, was believed to
be the mother of an unidentified
baby among the injured taken to
Blair Hospital. The baby, wearing
only diaper and shirt and swathed
in a towel, was not seriously injured.
(A casualty list announced by
the Pennsylvania Railroad listed
these persons from the Washing
ton area:
< Michael M. Prencipe, 234 Ran
dolph place N.E., lacerations of
left hand and bruised arm.
(Mrs. Doreen Harlow,-3 Fort
drive, Alexandria, bruised elbow
and cut wrist, and her son Joey,
facial cuts.
(Sergt Oftver Kreider, Fort
Myer, head and face injuries.)
The collison occurred at Bover
Ridge where the Pennsylvania Rail
road line winds through the rolling
hills of Central Pennsylvania along
the Juniata River.
G. 0. P. to Employ'Fact-Finder'
To Keep House Posted on Issues
B> the Associated Press
House Republicans have decided j
to set up the job of "co-ordinator >;
oi information" to keep ail members
posted, on lawmaking matters.
The fact-finding job to be filled
by an appointee of Speaker Martin,
will pay up to $12,000 a year and
carry perhaps $38.000 more for office
help and other expenses. It will
come into being as soon as the
House passes a resolution creating
i it—possibly this week. Neither
Senate nor White House approval
is required.
Since the resolution originated
in high Republican circles and was
sped through the House Administra
tion Committee in short order, its
passage is considered a foregone
j conclusion.
Democrats on the committee said
they are not top keen about the
idea but will not oppose it.
The information co-ordinator. Re-;
publican leaders insisted without
permitting use of their names, "will j
not be a publicist or a propaganda
k
agent for Congress, but will per
form a real and necessary service."
"We haven't been able to get the
desired results from the legislative
reference service, which we reorgan
ized last year," one of them de
clared. "So we have decided to pick
our own man and give him an ade
quate staff."
The reference service, a branch ol
the Library of Congress, was ex
panded under terms of the 194(
Congressional Reorganization Act.
With the approval of Speakei
Martin, the new co-ordinator wil
select assistants to help him. He
may be limited to total outlay foi
salaries and operation of $50,000 ι
year.
His duties, as outlined in the legis
lation introduced by Representative
Reed, Republican, of New York, wil
be to "assemble, analyze, co-ordinate
and make available in digests, com
pilations, and otherwise, data, witi
respect to legislation, for the use ol
the committees and members of the
House, without partisan bias ir
selection or presentation."
ι i
New Formula Allots
D. C. $12,177,445
In Government Funds
Horan Plan Is Based on
Federally Owned Lands
Yielding No Taxes
COMMISSIONERS preparing writ
ten opposition to teacher pay bill
Page B-l
A new formula for fixing the
annual Federal payment to the
District, based on the amount ol
Federally owned land withdrawn
from real estate taxation here,
was under consideration by
congressional leaders of Dis
trict affairs today.
Representative Horan, Republican
of Washington, who introduced the
new proposal for establishing the
Federal share in District expenses,
estimated It would yield approxi
mately $12,177,445.
Although no similar bill has yet
been Introduced in the Senate, it
is expected the Horan formula will
figure in the joint committee dis
cussions on raising money for the
city. Mr. Horan, chairman of the
District Subcommittee of the House
Appropriations Committee, already
hats submitted it informally tc
Senator Cain for study.
Formula Proposed Earlier.
Thp new formula hill will thus
join the Overton-O'Mahoney- He^
bert bill, outlining another land
based formula for fixing the Fed
eral payment, now already before
the Joint group. This latter formula
would yield an estimated $11,666,
000. The present Federal payment
is an $8,000,000 lump sum.
Representative Horan pointed tc
the majestic scale on which the Dis
trict must be developed as a capital
But the Federal Government, i(
added, "has charged all but a
small fraction of the expenses tc
the residents of the District."
The Federal Government, by ex
pansion and in other ways, haj
caused an increase in District ex
penses "not commensurate with thi
expense of any other municipality.'
To determine exactly the Federa
share is impracticable. It continued
but a general formula can be fail
(See HORAN, Page A-5T)
Rail Nationalization Bill
Progresses in Commons
By the Associated Prtss
LONDON. May 1.—The House ol
Commons, in an uproar after iti
stormiest session In years, concluded
the "report stage" of a bill to na
tionalize railways early today aft-ei
the government shut off debate amid
angry cries of "dictator."
Joyous labor singing of "Red Flag'
and "Auld Lang Syne," Conservativt
shouts of "shame," "fascism" anc
"parliamentary farce," and forced
marches to the division lobbies—foi
votes on amendments—kept the as
sembly in a furor for hours.
Pact to Stabilize
Peso With Dollar
Also Is Planned
By Joseph A. Fox
The United States is prepar
ing to make new credits to Mex
ί ico to assist in developing that
country and the two nations
will sign a new agreement to
stabilize the rate of exchange
between the peso and the dollar,
it was announced today in a joint
statement by President Truman
and President Aleman.
The statement did not indicate
the size or proposed use of the
credit other than to explain thai
the money will go for "projects which
are designed to make the greatest
and earliest contribution to the
economy of Mexico."
It was added that other important
forms of economic co-operation are
under consideration.
Text of Statement.
The text of the statement follows :
"During the conversations that
have taken place in Washington as
a continuation of those begun in
Mexico in March of this year, the
Presidents of the United Mexican
States and of the United States of
America have had an opportunity
to ratify in the friendliest spirit
their common purpose to further
develop, for the reciprocal benefit
of their peoples, the cordial relations
existing between the two republics.
"Recognizing that one of the most
important and practical methods of
strengthening the policy of solidar
i+.v nf ¥xtrr\ «ofïnne îe 11 »λ «4 <~»ι ι Kf
jedly a program of co-operation to
solve the complex economic prob
lems of the present postwar period,
iboth chiefs of state have agreed
i that their respective administrations
must exert all efforts to raise the
standards of living in their coun
tries by increasing productivity and.
'consequently, the purchasing power
■of their peoples.
Other Steps tînder Study.
"To this end the Presidents of
j the United Mexican States and o{
the United States of America are
pleased to announce that they con
cur in the desirability of signing
a new agreement to stabilize the
rate of exchange between the peso
; and the dollar.
"In addition, the Export-Import
Bank of Washington is prepared to
approve additional credits to Mexico
to Assist in financing a number of
projects laid before it by the Mex
ican government—projects which
are designed to make the greatest
and earliest contribution to the
economy of Mexico.
"bther important aspects of· the
program of economic co-operation
between the two republics are un
der study.
"In issuing this statement both
chiefs of state express their satis
faction with the great cordiality at
tained in the relations of the peo
ples they represent, and both, in
spired by the ideals of good neigh
borliness and by mutual and full
understanding of their problems, re
affirm their decision to strengthen
the bonds of the inter-American
community."
warm uay forecast Here,
With Rain in Afternoon
Today will be mostly sunny, warm
and humid, with more rain late,this
afternoon and tonight, the Weather
Bureau forcast this morning.
The temperature is expected to
reach the middle 80s by this after
noon.
Yesterday the temperature climbed
to 83 degrees by 3:20 p.m. The heat
was broken shortly after 8 p.m. when
a downpour of rain, accompanied
by an electrical storm, struck the
city. The Weather Bureau recorded
.45 inches of rain.
Tomorrow will be sunny, windy, a
little cooler and less humid, the
bureau said. No rail) is in sight for
tomorrow.
Damage to a telephone cable by
last· night's electrical storm resulted
in interruption of service to about
200 subscribers on the Falls Church
and Daleview exchanges in Fairfax
County, the Chesapeake and Po
tomac Telephone Co. reported
Service was expected to be com
pletely restored today.
Late News
Bulletins
Grace Homers in First
ST. LOUIS.—Joe Grace, first
man at bat for Washington to
day, got his first home run of
the season to give the Nats a
l-to-0 lead over St. Louis in
I the first inning.
'■ Record-Changing Admitted
Robert P. O'Connor, a Gars
; son employe, testified in Dis
trict Court today that he
1 changed company records at
th* direction of Defendant
Henry M. Garsson and other
company officials while Senate
investigators were looking
into its operations, to indicate
the company had acquired
$10,850 worth of lumber the
Government contends was
i never received. He testified in
the trial of former Represent
j ative May of Kentucky and
Garsson combine officials,
i (Earlier Story on Page A-2.)
Τruman Asks Congress to Shift
USES Control, Continue WAA
Says Approval Will Retain Improvements
Under War Powers Act on Its Expiration
President Truman today asked
Congress to approve two gov
ernmental reorganization plans.
They include provision for per
manent transfer of the United
States Employment Service from
the Federal Security Agency to
the Labor Department and for
continuing the War Assets Ad
ministration as an independent
agency on expiration of the War
Powers Act.
The President said congressional
approval "will preserve wartime im
provements made by executive or-!
ders issued under the First War
Powers Act."
Under the Reorganization Act of
1945, the plens will become effective
after 60 days unless, in the mean
time, Congress has passed a con
current resolution rejecting them.
The plans submitted today also:
1. Transfer to th· Attorney Gen
eral the functions vested by law in
the alien property custodian.
2. Eliminate the requirement for
presidential approval of agricul
tural marketing orders issued by the
Secretary of Agriculture.
3. Continue the transfer of the
functions of the Office of Contract
Settlement to the Treasury Depart
ment and thus prevent re-establlsh
ment of such an office upon termi
nation of title 1 of the First War
Powers Act.
4. Continue the performance by
the Internal Revenue Bureau of
certain functions of tax and penalty
determinations under the National
Prohibition Act.
5. Transfer to the Secretary of
Agriculture the functions of eight
research buqeaus and agencies now
consolidated into the Agriculture
Research Administration.
6. Transfer permanently from the
(See WAR POWERS, Page A-5.)
Bill for $500 Pay Boost
For Federal Workers
Introduced in House
Celler Measure Would
Give Flat Increase to
Offset Living Cost Rise
A Federal pay bill giving Gov
ernment workers a $500 annual
wage increase to offset rising
living costs was introduced
today by Representative Celler,
Democrat, of New York.
Several other members, including
Representative Holifield. Democrat,
of California, have indicated that
they also will introduce bills along
the same line.
Mr. Celler's office said the bill will
provide for a flat $500 wage increase
for all Government workers.
Informed of Mr. Celler's measure,
Chairman Rees of the House Civii
Service Committee said his group
"will give the legislation our con
sideration in due time."
The Celler bill is the first Federal
pay raise measure to be introduced
during this session of Congress.
Earlier attempts by Federal employe
groups to secure introduction of a
wage bill had met with failure.
However, Mr. Celler and some of
I his colleagues decided to back a
: Federal pay measure following the
] recent cost of living wage raises
granted workers in the auto, steel
.and other industries.
i Federal employes' unions realize
I that the chances of getting a pay
increase from the present economy
minded Congress is rather slim, but
J union leaders feel that the recent
wage increases won by workers in
private industry will aid somewhat
the chances of Federal workers to
win similar pay adjustments.
Leading the fight for cost of living
pay increases are the CIO United
Public Workers and the various AFL
postal employe groups. The CIO
union has been waging its fight
since the beginning of this session
of Congress, while the postal groups
have only recently started their pay
drive.
Government employes have been
given two pay raises during the last
two years totaling 32 per cent, but
these fall considerably below the
wage gains won by private industry
employes since 1941. In asking for
further wage increases, Federal em
ploye groups point out that the cost
of living has gone up an estimated
71 per cent since 1941.
Cyanide Stolen in Japan;
Police Fear Sale as Flour
By tho Associated Press
TOKYO, May 1.—Police warned
I Tokyo citizens today not to buy
i black market flour, saccharin, bak
| ing powder or baked products until
; they trace about 80 pounds of stolen
cyanide—enough to kill most of the
i city's population.
The cyanide was stolen from an
industrial machinery company at
'Urawa. north of here. Police fear
Uhe thieves might mistake the cy
' anide for flour or saccharin and try
' to sell it on the black market.
One family of four already has
: been wiped out from eating a gruel
prepared from black market flour
which contained nearly 20 per eent
lead cyanide.
I
Interior Orders 3,000
On Annual Leave to
Prepare for Fund Cut
«
Action Precedes Possible
Dismissal of 15,000 if
Senate Upholds Slash
By Joseph Young
Approximately 3,000 Interior
Department employes today were
ordered on annual leave, pre
paratory to dismissal of an esti
mated 10,000 to 15,000 employes
by July 1 if the House-approved
45 per cent slash in the depart
ment's new budget finally be
comes law.
Thousands of other Interior em
ployes also will be given annual
leaves soon in order that the de
partment will not have to pay them
cash for unused vacation leaves
when they are dismissed.
The Senate has yet to act on the
department's appropriations request,
but Interior officials are taking no
chances and are ordering the fur
loughs "to be on the safe side if
the Senate upholds the House."
in addition, the department plans
to dismiss about. 1,000 of Its war
service employes this week. These
dismissals have nothing to do with
the House's action, but are necessary
to bring the department under the
personnel ceiling set up for it by
the last Congress.
Meanwhile, a joint Senate-House
committee has agreed on details of
a supplementary appropriations bill
ί in tims to indicate only a few days
I delay in mailing out any Social
; Security checks' scheduled for the
first of the month.
The $2,830,000 measure provides
deficiency funds for a score of
agencies in the fiscal year ending
June 30. Included in the total is
$135.000,000 for grants to States
under the Social Security program
for aid to the aged, children and
blind. Social Security officials have
; said that they could not make the
igrants until the bill Is signed.
$114,000for Brown School Plan
Approved by Commissioners
The District Commissioners today
approved the revised estimates for
remodeling Ε. V. Brown School as
a library-recreation center, thereby
clearing the way for Congressional
action on the long-awaited project.
District Budget Officer Walter L.
Fowler said the Commissioners had
instructed him to send to the Budget
Bureau an estLnate of approximate
ly $60,000 to cover costs of altera
tions and $54,000 for staffing and
operation of the combined center
during its first year of operation.
Mr. Fowler explained that the
budget request will go to Congress
as a supplemental appropriation in
the 1940 budget. Under this ar
rangement, funds would not be
available to start the renovation
work until after July 1, he said.
The commissioner's approval is
the latest step in a campaign which
has been going on since last Novem
ber to transfer the old school at
Connecticut avenue and McKinley
street into a center, housing a
branch library, that will provide
supervised recreation for the thou·
sands of young people living in
Chevy Chase. Backed by The Star,
the residents of Chevy Chase, with
officials of the library and recrea
tion boards, conducted an intensive
campaign. Lack of recreation
throughout the area as well as the
inadequacy of the present Chevy
Chase branch library were cited as
argumente.
The Commissioners approved the
idea in February, but difficulties
since have arisen over the cost of
alteration.
Mr. Fowler explained that of the
fund requested for operation. 116,000
would be allotted to the Library
and $38,000 to the recreation cen
ter. The Library estimate is in
addition to the budget request for
operation of the present branch.
About 70 per cent of the $60,000
for alteration would be spent to
develop the recreation center and
30 per cent to remodel the new
quarters for the branch library.
Recreation Supt. Milo F. Chris
tiansen explained that the project
(See Ε. V. BROWΚ Page A-5.)
»
Admirai «uienicoetter nas just re
turned from a tour of duty &s naval
attache at Paris.
Gen. Vandenberg has headed the
central Intelligence group since last
June.
It Is part of the Central Intelli
gence Authority organized in Janu
ary, 1946, to co-ordinate the Gov
ernment's foreign intelligence.
Student Art Exhibit
Opens at 8 P.M. in
Commerce Lobby
The Evening Star Student
Calendar Art Exhibit will be
formally opened in the audi
torium and lobby of the De
partment of Comjnerce Build
ing at 8 o'clock tonight, at
which time the names of the
six winners will be announced.
The Central High School
Band will play, the chorus
from Browne Junior High
School will sing, and the
awards will be made prior to
the official opening of the dis··
play of more than 500 pictures.
I
Prosecutions Started
To End Dual Payments
To Student Veterans
Investigations Show 269
Here Get Jobless Pay
And Subsistence Checks
By George Btveridge
A "considerable number" of
District student veterans who
collect subsistence allowances
from the Government also are
drawing unemployment pay
ments illegally each week, C. A.
Wharton, director of the District
Unemployment Compensation
Board, charged today.
A preliminary check during the
last few months of "52-20 Club'!
members, he said, found 269 stu
dents who are getting monthly sub
sistence checks. During the period
an average of about 4.500 veterans
have been on the unemployment
rolls here.
Money for the jobless claims if
furnished by the Veterans' Admin
istration under the GI Bill of Rights
but issued by the Unemployment
Board. The veterans' agency is
sues subsistence payments.
On basis of the check. Mr. Whar
ton said his office now Is investigat
ing every claimant.
Main Fight Due Later Today.
This was touched on briefly this
nyrning by Arab leaders, but the
main fight was slated for later in
the day when the Assembly résumée
debate after its lunch recess.
Also awaiting action was a grow
ing controversy over Jewish de
mands for representation in the
Palestine debates here. This ques
tion will be taken up by the 14
nation Steering Committee after
the agenda debate is finished.
Syria led the fight for inclusion
of the Palestine independence ques
l tion on the agenda.
The fight was taken to the 55
nation membership by white-haired
Paris el Khoury, Syrian delegate,
who had joined the representativea
of four other Arab countries in their
losing two-day battle before the
I Steering Committee.
The committee rejected the Arab
I demands late last night by a vote
ί of 8 to 1.
Two-Thirds Majority Needed.
I El Khoury told the Assembly that
I Syria could not acquiesce in the
committee's ruling and urged that
; the member nations vote to include
! the Arab proposal on their work
sheet for the present extraordinary
Palestine session. A two-thirds ma
I jority was needed to approve "the
! proposal.
I The battle was renewed in the
: midst of these developments:
1. The Political Action Committee
i for Palestine in a telegram to Presi
I dent Truman protested United
' States opposition to proposals ask
j ing the Assembly's Steering Com
mittee to act immediately for Jew
ish participation in debate here,
j 2. The Political Action Committee
Warned by Mail.
At the same time, he is sending'
with every check a strongly worded
warning that veterans face prose
cution for fraudulently accepting
both payments. Titled, "Are You
Committing Fraud?" the warning
reads:
"We have documentary evidence
that a number of veterans in the
District have applied for and are
receiving readjustment allowance.?
also called on Poland, India, Czech
oslovakia and Ecuador to withdraw
in protest from the Assembly unless
Jews are given a voice. Those four
countries yesterday urged immedi
ate action for admitting Jewish
representatives to the floor.
Jewish Agency Dissatisfied.
3. The official Jewish Agency for
Palestine, through a spokesman,
also expressed dissatisfaction with
the United States' nosition.
land subsistence allowances at the
same time. This is fraud. Some
of you are committting it unknow
! ingly. Many of you are committing
jit deliberately. Whatever the rea-|
son, you are violating the law and
defrauding the United States Gov
' ernment."
The notice warned that every ;
; check is processed by the General
Accounting Office, and that the Un
employment Board is notified of any ;
duplications. The board also is no
tified by Veterans' Administration
of all subsistence checks issued.
Immediate Reports Advised.
"You cannot escape detection,"
Mr. Wharton's notice continued, "as
I am now in the process of checking
every one of these allowance no
tices against the claims in this of
fice.
"I urgently request all of you wljo
i are receiving both * * * to report to
me now. The longer you delay, the j
! more severe will be the punishment
when the investigation of your case I
lis completed."
! Mr. Wharton said >his office now i
I is attempting to collect the over-1
! payments on the 269 cases that have 1
been uncovered.
If veterans refuse to pay, and
investigation shows they "knowing
ly" applied for both benefits, their
cases will be forwarded to the vet- i
erans' agency. There, Mr. Wharton
: said, officials will determine wheth
er the veterans should be prose- i
cuted.
When a veteran applies for job
less pay he is asked whether he
draws subsistence payments. The
only other check is from the sub
sistence lists sent from Veterans'
(See VETERANS, Page^V-5J
The spokesman indicated the
agency differed sharply with the re
ported American position that Jew
ish representation would not be
necessary if the Assembly's agenda
was confined to creation of a fact
finding committee.
The Jewish attack on the Amer
ican position grew out of last night's
debate in which Herschel V. John
son, American representative, urged
that a decision on Jewish represen
tation be postponed until after the
Assembly had determined whether
the Arab proposal would be included
in the agenda.
Pepper Demands Voice
For Jewish Agency in U. N.
Citing reports that the United
States delegation opposed Jewish
participation with a voteless voice
in the special United Nations Gen
eral Assembly debate at this time.
Senator Pepper, Democrat, of
Florida yesterday told the Senate
that "fundamental justice and fair
play require" that the Jewish Agency
(See U. N., Page A-5.)
Intelligence Group Headed
By Admiral Hillenkoetter
President Truman today relieved
Lt. Gen. Hoyt S. Vanienberg as di
rector of United States intelligence
and replaced him with Rear Admiral
Roscoe H. Hillenkoetter. Gen. Van
denberg is returning "to Important
duties in the Army Air Force? at the
request of Gen. Eisenhower," White
House Press Secretary Charles G.
Ross said.
Admiral Hillenkoetter has iust re
U. Ν. Overrides
Arab Appeal for
Free Palestine
British Proposal to
Fact-Finding Group
Placed on Agenda
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 1.—The
United Nations' Assembly today
overrode Arab protests and
agreed without a record vote to
consider creation of a committee
of inquiry on Palestine.
Arab representatives had taken
the floor one after another to oppose
the British fact-finding proposal,
but no opposing voice was raised
when Assembly President Oswaldo
Aranha of Brazil announced that he
considered the proposal approved
for inclusion on the work sheet of
the extraordinary Palestine session.
Approval of the British proposal
still left the Assembly the task of
settling the even more controversial
question raised by Arab demands
for consideration of Palestine inde
oendence.

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