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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 03, 1947, Image 1

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Quid· for Readers
Obituary JUM
Churchee Λ-7-» Radio B-1»
Comics B-11-ϊβ Real Estate -B-l-1·
Editorial A-$ Society, Clube—B-ll
Editorial Articles-Λ-7 Sports A-U
Lost and Pound A-3 Where to Go—B-19
An Associoted Press Newspoper
Weather Forecast
Sunny today, high near 70; scattered show·
ers In afternoon. Low tonight near SO.
Tomorrow cloudy and cool.
Temperatures today—High, 69, at 8:46 am.;
low, 52, at 6:36 ajn. Yesterday—High, 73,
at 11:36 am.; low. 57, at 11:59 p.m.
(Full Report on Ptn A-2.)
Phone NÀ. 5000.
800 Prisoners
In Leavenworth
Riot; 1 Killed
250 Are,Subdued
After Ail-Night Battle
Involving Race Issue
fty th· Associated Press
May 3.—Army authorities re
ported today they had subdued
250 of 800 prisoners who en
gaged in a night-long riot at the
Fort Leavenworth disciplinary
barracks after one prisoner was
killed and seven others were in
The 250, inmates of one of two
cell blocks involved, surrendered
after Col. Graeme Parks, disciplinary
barracks commandant, issued an
ultimatum over the loud speaker
system telling the men that the
Army was in full control, and unless
they gave up all air would be shut
off and the cell blocks would be
flooded with tear gas. No word had
been received from prisoners in cell
block 7, the other a fleeted.
The riot was reported to have been
the outgrowth of a recent order that
white and colored prisoners should
eat together in the same mess.
It was described as a race riot
within the prison.
Col. Parks told the men that white
and colored inmates, had been seg
regated at breakfast this morning
and that this practice would be
Tear Gas Barrage Continues.
It was not clear how Col. Parks
Intended to carry out his threat
to shut off the air from the cell
blocks as many of the windows had
been broken out.
However, the guards continued to
drop tear gas through trap doors
above the cells, while other gas
shells were lobbed through the win
dows. This cross Are apparently
piled the gas in faster than the
meager ventilation could clear it out.
More than 200 tear gas shells and
grenades had been hurled into the
cell· blocks before Col. Parks issued
the ultimatum.
After Col. Parks spoke the men in
cell block 6 sent a spokesman to
tell a guard at the doorway they
were reaay το surrender.
Men Stripped and Searched.
The men were ordered to come out
in groups of five. They were brought
Into the rotunda, stripped and
searched. They then were herded
into another cell block which had
been emptied and prepared for iso
lation of the rioting prisoners.
The rotunda was guarded by 100
troops armed wtih "billy clubs" and
tear gas. Firemen had two fire
hoses set up ready to turn high
pressure streams on the men if they
showed signs of giving further
There was no information on
whether there may have been more
than the eight casualties originally
Col. parks identified the dead In
mate as Dewey Osborne, a white
man, 30, Mountain City, Tenn., and
said he had been stamped to death.
May Be Other Dead.
Col. Parks Indicated there might
be other dead. "There is a possi
bility we might find bodies on the
Injured were a prisoner named
Woodberry, stabbed in the lung with
an ice pick (first name and home
town unavailable); Robert Leç
Freeman, 31, Chattanooga, Tenn.,
head injury and bruises; E. C.
Smith, 37, Baltimore (injuries un
available); Henry Turner, 27, Co
lumbus, Ga.. fractured arm and
numerous cuts; Paul H. Nelson, 25,
Kansas City, Kans., cuts and abra
sions on head; Peter C. Valenti, 25,
Inglewoo*!, N. J., abrasions on head
and other injury the extent un
known, and Staff Sergt. Robert L.
Lizer, 34, a guard, New Orleans.
Maj. Henry C. Triesler, jr., public
information officer, said the out
break was confined to cell blocks 7
and 8. He said the men had been
locked in their cells all day Friday
as punishment for the fracas at
breakfast. '
"We let them out to eat," he de
clared, "and the disturbance started
again." ^
Ahout 1.500 in Barracks.
He sait! 1,500 prisoners were in the
disciplinary barracks, with about
half participating in the not.
He said'the tear gas was having
little effect on the men. They have
smashed all the windows and doors
in the block and the gas is dissi
pating "about as fast as we fire it In."
χ ne men tti c jciuiig aim cucci -
lng," he declared.
Maj. Triesler said none of the 50
guards standing by were armed ex
cept for cluhs. "We are handling
this thing as carefully as possible,"
he added.
He said Col. Parks only recently
took over the duties as commanding
officer of the barracks and said the
riot did not In any way hinge on
the colonel's treatment of the men.
The Army appealed to the Kansas
City police for more tear gas shells
early today after firing those avail
able on the post. Three loads al
ready have been sent up from Kan
sas City, officers said.
The barracks are located in the
heart of the Port Leavenworth mili
tary reservation and contain men
convicted by military court of se
rious crimes.
Maj. Triesler said the beleaguered
men had fashioned clubs from a
wooden stairway which joined the
upper and lower tier. Te said water
and light to the block had been
shut off.
Court Deliberating
On Faté of Schacht
ty th· Asieciatad Ργμι
STUTTGART, Germany, May 3 —
The denazification case against
HJalmar Schacht, Hitler's former
economics minister, was submitted
to a German court today after five
hours of pleading by SChacht and
his lawyer for acquittai.
The court will announce Its ver
dict next Friday.
The prosecution had asked an
eight-year prison sentence for
Schacht's alleged eld to the Nazi
* .
Record Crowd of125,000to See
14 Start Kentucky Derby Today
Confusion Reigns as Fans Attempt to Pick
Winner From Field Lacking Strong Favorite
By Hugh Fullerton, Jr.
AttociaUd Prcit Staff Wrtl»f
LOUISVILLE, Ky!, May 3.—The
Derby madness that strikes this
town on the first Saturday in
May each year was somewhat
more insane than ever today as
some 125,000 , race-mad people
attempted to pick the winner
among 14 3-year-old colts.
The main reason for the extra
ordinary confusion attending the
73d and biggest of all Kentucky
Derbies was the fact that there
wasn't an outstanding favorite
among the 14 horses that are due
to parade to the post at 4:45 (C.S.T.)
today for this edition of Col. Matt
Winn's guessing game.
The weather continued as a prime
factor for speculation although the
forecast called for fair and warmer
today after a half week of rain that
turned the Churchill Downs racing
strip into a soupy mess as it has so
often in the past.
Then there were a couple of
horses that probably wouldn't have
been mentioned at all if it wasn't
for the "off track" factor. A series
of preliminary races failed to pro
duce anything but arguments as
to which of a half dozen leading
contenders might hit the jackpot.
On top of that, you even have to
consider the trainers and jockeys.
The one certainty today was that
the largest crowd in all Derby his
tory would jam the rambling wooden
stands at Churchill Downs to capa
city and a little more.·
The official estimate was that
about 125,000 spectators would be
present and the unofficial sources
of information, from the track's
i (Continued on Page A-ll, Column 3)
Italian Labor Strikes
Briefly in Protest
Over Sicily Ambush
Workers Quit Throughout
Country to Demonstrate
Against Killing of Eight
By the Associated Press
ROME, May 3. Workers
throughout Italy held a brief
general strike and mass meet
ings today in protest against the
May Day ambushing and ma
chine gunning of a workers' and
peasants' parade in Sicily.
Prom 10,000 to 15,000 person?,
some waving crepe-draped national
and Red flags, shouted "Enough,
enough!' as Rome speakers declared
that there must "be an end to the
spilling ci workers' blood."
Some persons carried placards de
manding "death to the Sicilliar
The speakers said workers were
gathered in pi blir squares through
out Italy to protest against "the
killing cf our brothers and si3ters
in Sicily.' The responsibility for the
shooting lay with the "Monarchists,
Qualunquists (rightists) and great
land owners," they asserted.
Rome Papers Suspend.
All workers except those in pub
lic services and utilities were called
out in Rome's half-day strike by
tne powerful General Labor Con
federation. The walkout caused
Rome afternoon newspapers tt sus
pend publication.
A half-day strike of government
employes and another mass meet
ing were called for Monday.
Workers in Milan left their jobs
for half an hour, after which a rally
of labor delegations was held in
Castello square.
Eight persons were killed and 33
wounded among 400 in the May
Day parade, machine gunned at
Piana .della Glnestra near Palermo
Thursday mornine bv mounted sun
men on a hill 300 yards away. Two
of the dead were women. The
Socialist newspaper Avanti said
another was a 10-year-old boy.
Hostility Heightened.
The crime, blamed by one political
leader on the Black Hand (Mafia),
heightened right-left hostility in
Italy, led to rightist-leftist fist fights
In the Constituent Assembly and
brought open talk <jf a cabinet crisis.
The labor confederation's strike
resolution said Sicily's "Latifondisti"
—great landowners—were respon
sible for the massacre. It said they
were trying to "suffocate the work
ers' organization in blood."
A two-hour general strike was
staged in Rome yesterday—con
veniently called for 1 to 3 p.m„ when
most business houses closed for
lunch—and scores of deputies strug
gled for 10 minutes on the Assembly
floor in flstcuffs touched off by an
argument over responsibility for the
Sicilian Communist Leader Giro
lamo Licausi, generally called the
architect of the Communjst-Socialist
triumph in the Island's Assembly
election April 20 and 21, charged
that monarchists and Qualunquists
(rightists) had provoked, and the
~ (See ITALY, Page A-3.)
7-Man Walkout Curtails
New York News Edition
By tH· Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 3.—The four
star final edition of the Daily News
was curtailed today, a representa
tive of the publication said, when
seven sterotypers left their jobs.
An official of the newspaper said
that the men, .who cast the plates
ior press runs, held a chapel meet
ing during the night and at its con
clusion announced they were leaving
their jobs. The official said the
walkout was in violation of a con
tract with Sterotyping Union No. 1,
AFL. The cause was not given.
Thè newspeper spokesman said
the walkout cut off the usual 125,000
run of the Manhattan edition. The
Brooklyn edition was printed in the
Brooklyn plant and Manhattan
newsdealers were given extra copies
Jews Reported Irked
By U. S. Position on
U. N. Representation
Assembly Meets to Act
On Committee Proposal
For Palestine Hearings
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 3.—The Jew
ish Agency was reported today
! to be bitterly disappointed at the
! position taken by the United
States on Jewish representation
in the United Nations debate on
Palestine, but planned to èarry
on its fight for a hearing.
Disclosure of the agency's posi
tion came as the General Assembly
was convened to act on a Steering
Committee recommendation that all
requests for hearings be referred to
the 55-nation Political Committee.
The Assembly expected to plunge
into the question immediately after
hearing President Miguel Aleman
of Mexico.
Position of Agency.
The position of the Jewish Agency
was said to be:
1. It would reject anything less
than appearance before a 55-nation
body. ^
2. It would not choose to appear
should other Jewish groups also be
3. It was opposed to hearing the
Arab Higher Committee on the con
tention that the Arab viewpoint has
been and will be presented in full
by the five Arab member states.
While the agency refused public
comment, it was understood that
officials were especially disturbed by
several reported shifts in the Amer
ican position in recent days.
The Steering Committee vote,
coming last night after another
torrid session, was 11 to 0, with Rus
sian, Poland and Czechoslovakia ab
Agree to Hear Jewish Views.
The Soviet Union and her two
I partners sought to invite the Jewish
Agency to appear before the As
sembly, but won no support.
Russia, the United States and
Britain were agreed that Jewish
views should be heard but split on
how this should be done.
Should the assembly uphold the
Steering Committee's recommenda
tion, the question of a hearing
would be tossed to the Political
Committee which expects to be
gin debate Monday on the sole
item on the agenda—the setting up
and instructing of a commission of
inquiry on Palestine. This commis
sion would report back to the reg
ular September meeting of the As
sembly, at which time delegates
would attempt to reach a decision
on the delicate Holy Land man
The American resolution which
the Steering Committee adopted
recommended that any communica
tions asking for a voice should be
referred to the Political Committee
for decision. Under such a proce
dure that committee might invite a
group to appear and make a state
i (See Ù.N., Page~A-3j
British Navy Operates
Tower Bridge in Strike
By th· Associated Press
LONDON, May 3.—The Royal Navy
began operating the draw-bridge
spans of London's picturesque Tower
Bridge today while the regular crew,
city employes, remained on strike.
The bridge had been open. Its
spans pointing skyward, since Mon
day night. It crosses the Thames in
a heavily-traveled area and the
walkout caused traffic tieupe.
The goverrynent palled in the navy
after failing to settle the strike.
Crewmen walked off with 1,000 other
city employes in protest against the
i promotion of a city-employed private
Some 3,800 dock workers at Glas
gow, on strike six weeks, were voting
today on whether to accept a com
promise settlement. They quit be
j cause 500 fellow workers were de
'clared "redundant" and dismissed.
Churchill May Play Role in Film
On Nazis' Bid for Atomic Bomb
NEW YORK, May 3 (NANA).—
Winston Churchill is to star in a
Norwegian war movie, according to
the conservative Oslo newspaper,
According to the Norwegian news
paper. the 73-year-old ex-premier
! is to play himself in a film to be
called, "Why the Germans Did Not
Get Their Atomic Bomb." Scenes
now are being shot in Norway, Eng
land and Prance.
The screen play deals with the
blasting of the Norwegian heavy
water plant at Rjukan on February
28. 1943, by a party of Norse com
mandoes who were landed on the
coast of Norway to spike secret
German development of an atomic
bomb for which heavy water was
» *
Mr. Churchill, Aftenposten says,
has consented to re-enact in the
new film his trans-Atlantic tele
phone conversation with President
Roosevelt announcing the success of
the Commanr.o operation. This
dramatic highlight ends the movie,
which is being n:ade in three langu
French—under the direction of Vibe
Mueller of Norway ana Jean Pre
ville of Prance
The picture is based on a novel
by the Prench writer, Jean Marin,
and is being filmed by Hero-Film
of Norway in collaboration with
the Prench studio. Trident Films.
It will have its premiere at Rjukan
and will be shewn next day .at the
Paris Opera House in a gala per
formance to be attended by the
President of France.
Molofov Given
U.S. Terms for
Korea Talks
Conference Boycott
Seen if Reds Reject
Full Representation
■>' th· Associated Press
Secretary of State Marshall
advised Russia today the United
States will insist that all Korean
political elements be consulted
in the formation of a new gov
Unless Russia specifically agrees,
he hinted in a letter to Foreign Min
ister Molotov, this country may boy
cott a scheduled May 20 meeting of
a joint United States-Russian com
mission at Seoul.
The commission, charged with set
ting up a provisional government for
Korea, has been idle since last May
8, when members failed to agree on
just what political "democracy"
Korea since has been split along
the 38th parallel of latitude into
tight American and Russian occu
pation zones.
TJ. S. Stand Is Firm.
In his new letter to Mr. Molotov
Gen. Marshall noted, "to avoid any
future misunderstanding," that the
United States holds firmly to its
contention that no representatives
of Korean democratic parties and
social organizations should be
barred from consultation by the
commission because of any expressed
opinions concerning their country's
future government.
Russia insisted last year on ex
cluding all parties critical of the
four-power Moscow agreement in
1945 by which Korea was to be run
for not more than five years under
a trusteeship. The effect of the
Russian move was to bar virtually
all but the pro-Communist parties.
Replying to a letter from Mr.
Molotov dated April 20, Gen. Mar
shall emphasized that the United
States favors "establishment of a
self-governing sovereign Korea, in
dependent of foreign control and
eligible for membership in the
United Nations."
Free Elections Stressed.
Mr. Molotov had said Russia
favors setting up "Democratic au
thority agencies" throughout Korea.
Gen. Marshall in his reply said he
interpr«ed this to mean "local, pro
vincial and national government
agencies chosen, as you state, by
means of free elections on the baste
of a general &nd equal electoral
He asked for confirmation of his
understanding before directing Lt.
Gen. John R. Hodge, the American
occupation commander, "to make
preparations for opening the ses
sions" of the joint commission.
His reply went also to China and
Britain, other signers of the 1M5
treaty on Korea.
Text ef Letter.
The text of Gen. Marshall's letter
to Mr. Molotov follows:
"Dear'Mr. Molotov:
"I have considered your letter of
April 19, 1947, in which you accept
our proposal to reconvene the U. S.
iU. S. S. R. joint commission and
suggest, that the commission re
sume its work on May 20 of this
year. I have also noted your state
ment that resumption of the com
1 mission's work shall be On the basis
of an exact éxecution of the Mos
cow agreement on Korea.'
"In order to avoid any future mis
understanding with respect to the
phrase 'exact execution' I wish to
make clear my interpretation of the
phrase. In my letter to you of April
8 I stated that the joint commission
should be charged with expediting
'its work under the terms of the
Moscow agreement' on a basis of
respect for the democratic right of
freedom of opinion.'
"In making this statement I had
and have in mind the well-known
position of the government of the
United States that Korean repre
I sentatives of democratic parties and
social organizations shall not be ex
cluded from consultations with the
commission on the formation of a
provisional Korean government be
cause of opinions they might hold or
may have expressed in the past con
cerning the future government of
their country, provided they are
prepared to co-operate with the
Three Points Mentioned.
"You mentioned three points
which the Soviet government be
lieves to be of primary importance
in its policy toward Korea. Your
statement concerning the impor
tance of establishing a provisional
Democratic Korean government on
the basis of wide-scale participation
of Korean democratic parties and
social organizations has from the
beginning boen accepted by the
United, States Government as basid
to ttf policy of assisting in the
establishment of a self-governing
sovereign Korea, independent cf
(See KOREAN, Page A-3.)
300 Rice Shops Looted
By Hangchow Rioters
Sy th· Associated Prtsi
SHANGHAI, May 3.-r-The Shang
hai Evening Poet said today that
more than 300 rice shops in Hang
chow, capital of Chekiank province,
had been wrecked and looted in day
long rioting over the soaring price
of China's staple diet.
Late reports said martial law had
been declared in the city, located
in the heart of China's rice-pro
ducing area. The city government
wai reported to have dumped a
large consignment of rice on the
market in an effort to force down
More than 2.000 bags of hoarded
rice were looted by rioters who
smashed furniture in rice shops and
broke windows in two branch police
stations, the newspaper said.
In Shanghai, city » authorities
threatened to ration rice to halt
skyrocketing prices which reached
a high of 320,000 Chinese dollars
IS26.6T U. S.) a picul (133%
pound* >. The official price is 300.000
Chinas· dollars (116.67) ft picul
. H
Just One Big, Happy Family
Republican Sponsors
Sought for Federal
Workers' Pay Bill
Employes' Unions Open
Campaign to Win Relief
From Rising Living Cosf
By Josepti Young
Republican sponsorship of a
Federal pay raise bill was sought
today by Government employes'
unions as they began a drive de
signed to win Federal workers
some relief from rising living
costs. - ;
Within the past few days five
House Democrat* have introduced
bills to give Federal workers a $500
yearly increase in salaries. These
bills were introduced largély through
the efforts of the CÎO Uhited Pub
lic Workers of America, which has
campaigned since the start of this
session of Congress for a Federal
pay raise.
It has been learned that the AFL
Government Employes' Council,
which represents 150,000 Federal
workers in the various AFL postal
and craft unidns, and the American
Federation of Government Employés,
has decided to join with UPWA in
asking for wage increases. They
are seeking Republican sponsorship
to improve the chances of such
Events Change Stand.
Until now the AFL unions have
not asked for a pay bill during this
session of Congress, feeling that
chances for passage were almost
hopeless. Instead the unions con
centrated on securing passage of the
Langer-Chavez bill, which provides
ι for widespread liberalization of the
I civil service retirement system.
Events of the past few weeks,
however, have changed the AFL
groups' stand. Although observers
still concede that it is very improb
able that this economy minded
Congress would vote a pay raise bill,
the recent wage increases granted
in the auto, steel and other private
industries have encouraged Federal
union officials somewhat. The pos
tal unions, which exert consider
able political influence in Congress,
are determined now to press for a
wage boost.
They join with the AFGE which
has also decided to enter the pay
raise campaign. AFGE officials, to
gether with the postal representa
tives, are reported to be agreed on
asking for a temDorarv bonus of
$480 annually until the cost of liv
ing: comes down to somewhere near
prewar levels.
In. an attempt to improve the
chances of such legislation, AFL
leaders are seeking to have some
prominent Republican members in
troduce the bill. They are con
centrating on several Republican
members of the House Civil Service
Promotion Control.
Meanwhile, the House has adopt
ed legislation controlling future <job
promotions in the Government in
passing % $102,455,000 deficiency
The promotion curtailment pro
(See PAY BILL, Page A-3.)
' Papen Taken to Labor Camp
Germany, May 3 (ΛΡ).—Franz von
Papen, serving an eight-year sen
tence for Nazism, was removed ffom
a hospital here today and taken to
a labor camp for Nazis at Regens
burg. German medical officials
ruled he was not ill enough to
require hospital attention.
I Pacific Voyage Ends
For Texas City Blast
Victim's Fiancee
Sy th· Auociotad Press
A voyage during which her
happiness was shattered by the
Texas City disaster ended here
yesterday for 27-year-old
Heather Yeldham of Australia.
She was to lywe been met
here by her fiance, William Al
bert Screws of Texas City, an
employe of the Monsanto chem
ical plant and former Army
I sergeant. Two days out of Syd
ney, aboard the Marine Phoe
nix, she learned of the explo
sion. Twe daya later, she was
told Mr. Screws had been killed
in the blast.
Miss Yeldham will go to Tex
as City to visit her fiance's
mother. After that, she has no
Late News
Plane Crashes, Pilot Escapes
A single-engine plane, appar
ently a service craft, crashed*
shortly after noon today near
the Washington - Baltimore
boulevard on the Washington
side of College Park, Md. Wit
nesses said the pilot escaped
before the plane bnrned. Maj.
Claude H. Marshall, a Reserve
Army officer, told The Star the
plane crashed in the yard of
his home at 6800 Piheway
drive, College Heights, Md. He
said the pilot "walked away"
from the crash.
Fate of Teachers' Pay
Bill in Dqibf as City
Heads Oppose Raise
ν *
Statement Scoring Plan
For Single Salary Scale
Assailed by McCarran
What will happen to the
teachers' pay bill, still awaiting
action by Congress, was a matter
of speculation today following
the Commissioners' blunt oppo
sition to a raise in pay for Dis
trict teachers.
The action of the city heads, an
nounced in a statement sent late
yesterday to the Senate-House
committee considering the bill, is a
complete reversal ox the position
taken earlier at a public hearing
by Commissioner CKiy Mason.
At that time Mr. Mason told the
Joint committee that, although the
Commissioners had not studied the
measure in. detail, they favored a
bill along the general lines of that
proposed by the Board of Educa
tion. The Commissioners did ask,
however, that the cost of the bill
not be made up by cutting the
budget requests of other city de
The bill would give the teachers
a $250 increase on top of the $450
increase they are receiving on a
temporary basis this year. It would
also establish a single salary stand
ard of equal pay for equal training
and experience. The measure would
thus boost the minimum pay to
$2,500 a year.
Criticised by McCarran.
Senator McCarran, Democrat, of
Nevada, former chairman of the
Senate District Committee, criti
cized the Commissioners' statement
as "uninformed" and "one of the
best arguments for home rule in
the District that has been advanced
in a long, long time.''
Both School Supt. Hobart M.
Corning and Mrs. Henry Qrattan
Doyle, president of the Board of
Education, expressed surprise and
disappointment at the reaction of
Cool Week End in Store,
Some Showers Tonight
Spring overcoats may be in style
this week end, with scattered show
ers and continued cool weather
The Weather Bureau predicted
sunshine this afternoon, but the
skies are expected to be cloudy by
night with light, intermittent show
ers this evening. Tomorrow will be
overcast and rather cool, the Weath
er Bureau said.
Two Offers on Wages
Give Hint of Break
In Phone Strike
Illinois Union Workers
Still Must Vote on
Settlement at $4
The first tentative wage set
tlement between a Bell System
company and an affiliate of the
National Federation of Tele
phone Workers hinted a break
in the telephone strike today.
Although four sets of negotiations
here still are deadlocked, there were
these two developments overnight:
In Chicago, leaders of three
NFTW-afBliated unions accepted an
offer of a $4 weekly Increase from
the Illinois Bell company, subject
to ratification by 16,000 members.
It was the first deviation of the
NFTW from its demand for a Na
tion-wide boost of Κ a week.
In Washington, the American
Telephone and Telegraph Co. made
Its first money offer to its 20,000
long lines employes, but It was re
jected by the union.
The offer was for Increases of
12, S3 or $4 weekly, depending partly
on geographical location.
Negotiations Contlnne.
After the rejection. Government
conciliators kept company and
union negotiators in session until
early this morning and were cheer
ful about developments expected
il.< J 1 » - - » « ·
τ» nuit Μ·β νττν uivbu again UU9 Hil/Ci "
The Chicago offer, if accepted by
the members, will be the first money
agreement reached in the 27-day-old
strike between a subsidiary of A.
T. & T. and a NFTW union.
Leaders of two of the unions last
tilght predicted the settlement
would be ratified by the members.
Mrs. Anne Benscoter, president of
the third union, the Illinois Traffic
Union, has been in Washington at
tending meetings of the. national
Policy Committee. She returned to
Chicago last night, after asserting
that she would advise her members
to reject the offer and hold out for a
$6 increase.
The Chicago offer is across the
board—a $4 increase to all workers,
regardless or their present salary.
The long-lines offer in Washington
was not across the board.
New York Situation Confused.
Importance of the Washington
sessions with A. T. St T. and the long
lines men, however, arises from the
fact that the union is one of the
strongest of the NFTW affiliates, and
last year its negotiations led the way
for the national settlement.
The long lines men have been the
most outspoken in ^insisting that
A. T. & T. meet the rest of industry
In giving raises of 15 cent* an hour—
or (β a week. The long lines men
constitute about 5 per cent of the
total Bell System employes.
Meanwhile, New York City's strike
situation got more confused as two
of four independent unions rejected
an offer of $4 weekly and the other
two voted to accept the offer and
got back to work Monday.
Yesterday 4,800 members of the
Commercial and Accounting Unions
in New York voted to accept the
new offer and go back to work
despite picket lines. At the same
time, 11,000 maintenance workers
and operators in Brooklyn and Long
Island rejected the $4 settlement
and remained in strike.
Offer Made on Coa«t.
In San Francisco, the Pacific Bell
Co. also made an offer ranging from
$2 to $4 to workers in four metro
politan centers. It was promptly re
jected by the union and termed
"despicable" and "proof that the
British Face Reich Food Crisis
In Slash of Ration Next Week
•y th· Associated Fr·»
HAMBURG, Germany, May 3.—
The British^ occupation zone of Ger
many may face its biggest food crisis
next week, when the daily ration
is expected to drop to 700 calories
in Hamburg and many other sections
of the zone.
During the past week, many zone
residents have received oriiy 900
calories of food daily under a ration
supposed to total 1,510.
No potatoes have been issued in
Hamburg for a week, and there was
no prospects of any being available
for next week. Aft#r waiting for
hours In line for bread, many were
turned away empty-handed. A Brit
ish official said today that the Brit
ish zone needed immediately 180,000
tons of imported wheat.
Maj. Gen. W. H. A. Bishop, deputy
chief of staff, has announced that
It was "thought" Washington would
be able to allocate 700,000 tons of
grain to Germany in April and May,
with an additional 450,000 tons a
month for June, July and August.
But the combined American and
British zones are already behind in
expected imports. The British acme
expected 234,000 tons in April, but
so far only 180,000 tons have been
An official ban was placed today
on all food information to the press
unless it had received Joint British·
ImKmii approval in Berlin. ~
■; L· . ''
Foreign Aid Bill
Placed at Top of
Senate Calendar
Income Tax Slash
And Rent Control
Are High on List
By J. A. O'Leery
Senate Republican leaders to
day listed civilian relief for liber·
a ted areas as the next order of
business, while the House pre
pared to tackle next week legis
lation providing $400,000,000 in
direct aid to Greece and Turkey.
The Senate Republican Policy
Committee, headed by Senator Taft
of Ohio, announced the following
tentative program for the remainder
of the session:
1. Finish the labor control bill
early next week and send it to con
ference with the House.
2. Take up the foreign civilian
relief bill, which the House cut from
$350,000,000 to $200,000,000.
3. Individual income tax reduc
tion, with the effective date as the
chief controversy—that is, whether
it should start July 1 or be retroac
tive to January 1.
4. Rent control, extension of
which passed the House two days
Three Secondary Bills.
The committee then grouped three
secondary bills, to be taken up after
rent control. They are:
The Bulwinkle bill to permit rail
roads to confer on rate changes sub
ject to Government control; th·
scientific foundation bill, to co
ordinate research by various Fed
eral agencies, and the bill potting
the Speaker of the House in line of
succession to the presidency when
there is no Vice President.
Senator Taft pointed out that
the 12 annual appropriation bills for
the year starting July 1 will have to
be worked in between these other
major questions, as they are re
ported from committee.
The policy group also decided to
ftllnf lime fnr ο ρΗλμ λπ tVte
treaties with Italy and several other
countries at this session.
The new Congressional Reorgani
zation Act calls for adjournment
July 31, and Senator Taft said he
had Intention of moving to extend
that date.
Others Still in Committee.
He said the tentative program
does not mean all other matters not
listed ·!« sidetracked for this year.
Asked about unification of the
armed services, for example, he said
it is not yet out of committee as are
all of these bills except tax re
Sénator Taft expressed belief the
Senate will restore the administra
tion's original request for $350,000,*
000 for civilian relief abroad.
House approval of the Greek
Turkish aid bill by a "substantial
majority" was predicted, mean
while, by Speaker Martin, despite
the close call the measure had get
ting out of the Rules Committee
yesterday, β to 5.
Informed sources do not believe
that vote reflects the lineup of the
House as a whole on aid to Greece
and Turkey to check the spread of
Paused Senate 67 to 23.
The measure went through the
Senate 67 to 23, and was ap
proved by the House Foreign Af
fairs Committee by a substantial
majority. The only function of the
Rules Committee was to determine
how long the House should debate
the issue, and whether it should
be open to floor amendments.
The rules group allowed nine hour·
of general debate, starting Monday,
and granted an "open rule," which
means amendments from hte floor
will be in order. Under these condi
tions the debate probably will take
three or four days. There was
rather general belief today that the
opposition happened to have a
higher -ratio of membership on the
Rules Committee than they have in
the House itself.
The Senate Finance Committee
finished hearings yesterday on the
House-approved (3,800,000,000 cut in
personal income taxes, ana pro Da my
will be ready to report 1U version
to the Senate next week.
Committee Vote Reported.
Unofficially reported as voting to
send the Greece-Turkey aid bill
from the Rules Committee to
the floor were Chairman Allen
and Representatives Wads worth.
Republican, of New York; Har
ness, Republican, of Indiana;
Cox, Democrat, of Georgia; Clark,
Democrat, of North Carolina, and
Smith, Democrat, of Virginia.
Against: Representatives Brown, Re- (
publican, of Ohio; Rizley, Repub
lican, of Oklahoma; Chenoweth, Re
publican, of Colorado; Rich, Repub
(See FOREIGN, Page A-3.)
Station Ticket Seller
Is Held in Shortage
A Union Station ticket seller to
day was4 arraigned on a Federal
charge of failing to make complete
and correct entries In ticket records
of the Washington Terminal Co.
involving sales discrepancies which
an FBI agent testified might
amount to $5,000.
The man, listed by the FBI as
George Wasil Pappoch, 39, of the
1600 block of Potomac avenue 8.E.,
was placed under >2,000 bond by
United States Commissioner Need
ham C. Turnage.
The hearing was continued until
; next Tuesday on Pappach's request
: to obtain council.
Employed as a ticket seller at the
terminal since June. 1943, Pappach
was arrested at his home last night
by FBI agents who reported they
found $854 in cash on the premises.
Investigators added the man ad
mitted that "perhaps $300 or $400
of this money belongs to the rail
An agent testifying at today'·
hearing said that "about $5,000" had
been reported missing by the ter
minal in a check on sales record
discrepancies January* Ml
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