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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 03, 1947, Image 2

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Public Apathy Blamed
By La Roe for Delay in
Crime Curbs Here
Public apathy is delaying legisla
tion which would do much to curb
Washington's mounting record of
crime, Wilbur La Roe, former mem
ber of the Parole Board, told the
Corrections Division, Council of So
cial Agencies, yesterday.
Mr. La Roe spoke at a luncheon
meeting at the Willard Hotel at
which he was honored by the divi
sion for outstanding work In ad
ministering criminal justice and
preventing crime. A scroll was pre
sented to Mr. La Roe by Leo A.
Rover, former United States attor
ney here and a member of the Board
of Indeterminate Sentence and
Another speaker at the meeting
was Senator McGrath, Democrat,
of Rhode Island, who called for a
wide social program of housing,
health and cleanliness to prevent
Calls City "Unsafe."
"I am frankly disturbed about the
erime situation in Washington," Mr.
La Roe said. "There is no excuse
for the number of robberies and
burglaries that we have in this city.
I do not want to exaggerate and
say that it is an unsafe city to live
in, but I do know that many of our
citizens are deeply concerned.
"If your house was not broken
into during the past year, some
house near you was. The time has
come for all good citizens to be
worried about this matter and to
ascertain who is responsible for
this condition."
Joseph C. Grew, former Ambas
sador to Japan, whp presided, told
the meeting the automobile, partic
ularly in the hands of a drunken
driver, is a more powerful weapon
than a revolver. He declared
drunken drivers are not receiving
the sentences they should for pub
lie safety. <
LTfes "Social Program.
Senator McGrath called for "a '
social program the like of which the
world has never seen." He said it
should embrace worthwhile homes,
as well a* teach cleanliness and
health. He told his audience the
Government must do its utmost to
combat juvenile delinquency.
The Senator, a former Solicitor
General and Governor of Rhode
Island, said "nothing will solve the
Juvenile delinquency problem but I
individual treatment of the indi
vidftal case."
Mr. McGrath likened the juvenile
delinquency problem to getting the |
individual rotten apple out of the!
barrel. He said It is up to social
agencies to And out where the seeds
of unlawfulness are. Social agencies
should make provision for confiden
tial talks with parents, he declared,
to aid In solving Juvenile delin
Mr. Rover, in presenting the scroll,
termed Mr. LaRoe a lawyer who
has "the respect of the bench, the
bar and his cliente."
Rebellion in Asuncion^
Beaten, Morinigo Says
ly tht Aiteciolcd Pr*t«
ASUNCION, Paraguay, May 3.—
President Higinio Morinigo declared
In a communique yesterday that the
revolt in Asuncion had been p©
down by "valorous reservists and
republican volunteers" after threè
days of "murder, arson, rape and
He declared Pebreristas of Col.;
Rafael Franco's party and Liberals !
were "equally responsible for the
crimes committed by Communist
leaders" who joined the marine re
volt last Sunday.
President Morinigo's communique
did not mention the 1st Cavalry Di- j
vision of 10,000 men garrisoned at
Campo Grande which is entrusted j
with the defense of the capital. ■
Private reports reaching Buenos
Aires, Argentina, said there was still :
some street fighting in Asuncion
and that some members of the |
cavalry division were joining the
Brazilian dispatches from the
Paraguayan border also reported
continuing guerrilla activity in the
auburbs of Asuncion, and said a
transport ship loaded with men and
munitions had left the capital to
Join rebels in the southern part of
the country where the revolt was
said to be spreading from the north.
Dennis Held in $3,000 Bail;
Josephson's Set at $5,000 ;
ly the Ansciotcd Prw·
NEW YORK, May 3—Despite a
plea of the United States Attorney;
for higher amounts. Federal Judge j
William Bondy yesterday held Leon
Josepheon, former Trenton <N. J.) j
attorney, in *5,000 bail and Eugene
Dennis, general secretary of the
Communist Party, in $3.000 bail for
their appearance to answer indict
Joeephson, an admitted Com- j
munlst, faces two indictments, one
In Washington, charging contempt
of the House, and the other filed ι
here charging refusal to be sworn
and to testify before a subcommit-j
tee of the House Committee on Un
American Activities.
Dennis faces a Washington in-,
dictment charging contempt of the
House. ' ι
United States Attorney John F. ,
X. McQohey asked #10.000 bail for1
each defendant, telling the court 1
that "a Communist stands for con
tempt of all that we aim to do artd ;
be in this country." Counsel for1
Josepheon replied that the average '
ball fixed in Washington for sim- ,
liar offenses was $500 and said his {
client and Dennis had promised At- ; '
torney General Clark they would,
appear in Washington Monday to
Two Die as Private Plane)
Crashes Near Utica
■y rtv· AuociotwJ P'··»
UTICA, Ν. y., May 3.—Two men
were killed last night In the crash
of a private airplane which wit
nesses said broke up in the air.
Investigators identified the vic
tims as Henrv C. Petermann. 22, of
Huntington, N. Y„ and William S.
Kline, 31. of Chicago Heights, 111.
The bodies were found imbedded in
îha ground hundreds of feet frorf
the wrecked plane.
James W. Caldwell, aircraft com
municator at Utica Airport, said he
lost track of the plane while trying
to signal it down and did not know
where it was from or where it wa«
going. The flyers had reported that
they had about 30 minutea' fuel nip·
p& Caldwell
CRIME PREVENTION AWARD—Attorney Wilbur La Roe, jr.
(left), shown yesterday receiving a scroll in token of his out
standing work in administering criminal justice and preventing
crime. The scroll was given by the Corrections Division, Council
of Social Agencies. Mr. La Roe is accepting the award from
Leo A. Rover (second from right), former United States attorney
and member of the Board of Indeterminate Sentence and Parole.
Looking on are Joseph C. Grew, former Ambassador to Japan
(second from left), and Senator McGrath, Democrat, of Rhode
Island (right). —Star Staff Photo.
Reds Out to Turn
Of Fmnce Into Political Chao* 1
By Constontine Brown
Star Foreign Affelr» Analyif
The French cabinet crisis presages
an era of political strife in Prance,
the consequences of which are un
The real reason for the break
between the scholarly Premier, Paul
Ramadier, and the Communists,
who control 75 per cent of Prance's
labor and have their tentacles into
all phases of Prance's life, is that
the latter believe the time has come
to create political chaos out of
economic chaos.
Political forecasters in Paris have
predicted this situation for a year.
The Communists in the government
—their leader is Vice Premier Mau
rice Thorez—have given sufficient
indication that they will no longer
support the coalition government,
The chief criticism of the Com
munists has been the government
colonial policy. Since open rebellion
broke out in Indo-China, new out
bursts have occurred in other French
colonies. The Madagascar rebellion,
according to the French government,
was Instigated by Madagascar's
representatives in the National
Assembly. These men were arrested
in spite of their parliamentary
Arrests Illegal, Reds Protest.
This show of strength by the Paris
government caused a major contro
versy in the French cabinet. The
Communists protested that the ar
rests were illegal, although the gov
ernment produced ample proof that
the native parliamentarians had
urged overt acts against the republic.
Reports from Algeria and Tunisia
showed that an open ' rebellion
against the government was being
planned bv Communiste in both ter
ritories. Mr. Ramadier, after being
prodded by non-Communist mem
bers of his cabinet, decided to
strengthen the military forces, IWs
the Communists opposed on the pre
text that Prance could not be an
imperialist power.
In order to avoid public resent
ment against a Communist policy
which might end with the loss, of
France's bread basket, Mr. Thorez
and his associates decided to make
in issue of a pay raise for the work
ers, an issue which is always popu
lar with a large section of the
French public.
It is highly improbable that any
French political figure will be able
;o form a durable cabinet—assum
ng that Mr. Ramadier is defeated
η the vote of confidence or resigns,
rhe dilemma in which the French
Ind themselves is that a govern
nent without the Communists can
îot survive, even as long as that of
Kr. Ramadier, since nobody can ig
îore the strong Communist parlia
nentary group which will fight any
idministratlon from which it is ex
Reds Can Call Strikes.
Besides carrying on opposition in
he Assembly, the Communists are
in a position to call partial or gen
;ral strikes anytime they want to
lo so. Moreover, they have a pri
vate military force estimated at be
;ween 40,000 and 50,000 men, all well
quipped and trained for insurrec
ions within the country and under
he command of Jacques Marty, the
ormer naval officer who led the
919 mutiny of the French fleet In
he Black Sea.
If Mr. Ramadier leaves the pre
niership it is expected that he will
>e succeeded temporarily by his for
îign minister, Georges Bidault, who
ndicated while he was still in Mos
cow for the recent conference that
îe would be willing to form a stop
tap cabinet.
Former Premier Leon Blum Is re
garded as another likely successor.
The 75-year-old elder statesman
has been considering the situation
and approached certain politicians,
such as Paul Reynaud, wartime Pre
mier, to co-operate in formation of
another government.
Reynaud Ont to Bar Reds.
Mr. Reynaud, who is anxious to
stage a political comeback, agreed,
on condition -that Communists were
not included in the. administration,
Which should be composed of the
representatives of all the other par
ties. This Mr. Blum is said to have
refused, on the grounds that the
Communists, who polled 25 per cent
of the votes in the last election and
are the largest single bloc in the
Assembly, cannot be Ignored.
Mr. Reynaud's stand is that no
government can hope to work con
structively In-France so long as the
Communists in the cabinet are in a
position to dictate to the majority
through their ability to call a gen
eral strike whenever a major issue
arises. '
Mr. Bidault is said to be prepared
to organise a cabinet including the
Communists. His relations with
that group, and especially with Mr.
Thorez, are still in the honeymoon
stage. It would be easy for him to
find any number of office-hungry
politicians to join in a new govern
ment. But it is most improbable
that, as things stand in France at
the present time, any government
can live longer than a few months.
Gen. Charles de Gaulle's chances
of playing a role in French politics
are considered by all French politi
cal observers to be nonexistent.
The strength of his newly formed
party Is negligible and his popu
larity in the country has decHfttéd
since he became another contender
for power.
Stepfather Faces Trial·
In Beating of Child, 5
A man accused of beating his 5- 1
year-old stepdaughter with a leath- !
er strap will be tried May 23 by a |
Municipal Court jury on a charge <
of cruelty to children.
He Is Willie James Young, 33,
colored, of the 2400 block of Phil- ,
lips court N.W. Judge Ellen Κ. ι
Raedy set $300 bond. 1
Police reported the alleged beat
ings took place on April 24 and 25 '
while the child's mother was at
work. The child, Erma J. Daniels, 1
now undergoing hospital treatment 1
for back bruises, was unable to ap
pear at the arraignment yesterday.
Woman's Cries Make
Bedroom Intruders Flee
An intruder early this morning
gained entrance into the bedroom
of a 35-year-old woman, but fled
when the woman screamed, police
Miss Ruby Lee Fields, a lodger
at 208 Ε street N.W., said she was
awakened by a colorèd youth
crawling through the unlocked win
dow of her first-floor bedroom.
Disregarding his warning not to
scream, Miss Fields shouted for
help, she told police. The youth
then struck her on the mouth and
fled through the window·.
Miss Fields, an employe of the
Liggett's Drugstore, Thirteenth and
F streets N.W., was taken to Cas
ualty Hospital and treated for a
cut lip. She described the youth
as being about 15 years (rid, dark
skinned, and wearing dark pants
and a sweater.
Japanese Happily Mob Hironito ;
In Welcomina New Constitution i
By the Associated trtu
TOKYO, May 3.—Japanese wel
:omed their new "no war" constitu
ion today by happily mobbing Em- j
>eror Hirohito in imperial plaza j
vhile their band played the famed i
American military march "Stars and
Stripes Forever."
Without uttering a word, the Em
>eror who becomes a mere "symbol
>f state" under the MacArthur-ap
jroved constitution was the star at
traction for 5,000 Japanese at the
institutional rally.
The little Emperor arrived at 11 .
i.m. in a chill rain. He walked sol
•mnly and Jerkily to the front of
;he platform. He wore a brown,
jattered hat, a tan overcoat, and
:arried an old-fashioned black um
He stood there a moment Em
peror and subjects faced each other
in mutual silent embarassment.
Then Hirohito started to lift his hat,
tbought better of It, and put it back
on his head.
That brought a roar from the
:rowd. The Emperor smiled, removed
his hat like an awkward suitor and
bowed slightly.
This gesture from the man before
whom all Japanese once bowed
brought another roar from the
Premier Shigeru Yoshida stepped
to the microphone and proposed
three "banal" (literally, "10,000
years"). Th* thousands raiMd both
lands skyward and shouted as they
ilways did In the past. ,
A retainer stepped up beside the \
Cmperor. a reminder that it was time j
o go. Hirohito turned and walked ,
oward the rear of the platform. A -
ihout came from the right. The
:rowd took up the shout and the
Smperor stood at the exit, hat in
land, like an actor making his exit. '
Then he walked a few yards to his
naroon car. Students and old people
(like broke through the police ropes
uid surrounded the car, shouting |
'banzai.* That broke up the rally. 1
The sedan moved through the
sowdlng Japanese, entered a near
ly palace gate, and stopped for a
nomeât on an Inner bridge In full
riew of the crowd for a final ova- :
:ion. Then Hirohito was gone. 1
All this time a Japanese brass 1
land blared away with "Stars and ι
Stripes Forever."
For more than an hour before J
Hirohito arrived, the Japanese
stood in the square, presenting a
solid front of umbrellas to the rain ι
is speakers talked of Japan's "new
tra" of democratic freedom.
They saved their most applause, ;
However, foi- aged parliamentarian
Yukio Ozaki, who told them they ι
bad a long way to go to realize ;
democracy, and declared: ;
"You think you are frqe but you :
ire not. You are under control of ι
the American Army. This ' is not
PMM, and political parties, if they ]
grant to fight, should wait for the
International Accord
Is Only Way to Peace;
Aleman Tells U. N.
ly th· Awocioted Pros
NEW YORK, May 3.—President
Aleman of Mexico told the United
Nations Assembly in extraordinary
session today that international co
operation was the only way to pre
vent mankind from falling into an
other conflict which would wipe out
the present form of civilization.
Talcing the rostrum after -Assem
bly President Oswaldo Aranha of
Brazil welcomed iilm as one of the
greatest contributors to peace in our
generation, Mr. Aleman said:
"Only thsi co-operation can suc
ceed in overcoming the difficulties
that have arisen at the close of the
war and must, finally, convert into
a state of peace—a true peace—the
uncertain period in which we have
been laboring for several months."
He was given a tremendous ova
tion as he began to speak.
Mr. Aleman drove to the Assembly
Hall at Flushing Meadow over rain
swept streets to appear before the
55 delegates as one of the highlights
of his New York visit.
Peace Is Determination of Spirit.
"Nothing indeed would be more
disturbing than to acquiesce, either
by convenience or fatigue, in a mere
fiction of peace," Aleman said "be,
cause peace is not an equilibrium
of conveniences but rather a firm
determination of the spirit.
"And In drder that such deter
mination may, at all times, vitalize
the action of the United Nations, it
is indispensable for this organiza
tion never to defraud the hope of
free men everywhere."
Mr. Aleman then appealed for an
early conclusion of the peace treaties,
declaring that "Mexico fervently
wishes that the efforts of the great
As he spoke at Columbia Uni
versity. —ÂPWirephôto.*·
jowers may soob achieve the longed
tor results."
Proud to Be Member of U. N.
He said Mexico was proud to be a
?art of the U. N. and concluded by
"Mexico, which has always con
iemned aggression and the breaking
)f international treaties, shall place
ts best at the services of world
>rotherhood, the absence of which
iventually extinguishes all material
In praising Mr. Aleman, Mr.
Vranha called Mexico an example
if the American way of life and
aid she was "building up a great
atherland based on social Justice."
Last night Mr. Aleman told a
linner of the Pan American Society
hat Mexico welcomes 'American
:apital "willing to observe its laws
md be satisfied with a fair profit."
Recalls Words of Roosevelt.
Mr. Aleman; the first Mexican
'resident to visit New York, said:
American capital that really means
ο share in the life of Mexico, that
s willing to observe its laws and be
atisfied with a fair profit, without
elfish greed or the illusion of be
aming a law unto itself, shall be
welcome to Mexico and will derive
.11 the advantages that American
itizens who are co-operating with
is in the economic development of
ny country are actually enjoying."
The visiting President, who spoke
α Spanish, recalled with approval
he words of thé late President
toosevelt at Monterrey, Mexico, in
943: "We know that the days of
he exploitation of the resources and
he people of one country for the
«nent οι any group in anotner
ountry are definitely over."
Before the dinner last night, the
Mexican president had a crowded
lay, Including a traditional New
fork welcome with a broadway au
omobile parade, award of honorary
itizenship in New York and an
îonorary degree from Columbia
Jniversity. Police estimated that
lespite the dull, rainy weather,
,500,000 persons lined the flag
Iraped streets of the financial dis
xict and that another 1,000,000
patched the parade In other parts of
he city.
Ticker tape floated down and there
vere cries of "Viva Aleman" as the
iare-headed Mexican President rode
η President Truman's automobile
rith the city's officiai greeter, Orover
Vhalen, at his side.
First Foreign Chief to Visit V. N.
Today's visit by Mr. Aleman to the
ipeclal session of the United Nation
3eneral Assembly was listed by
Jnited Natioif officials as the first
ime a visiting chief of state has
nade a formal appearance daring
t United Nations meeting.
With a governmental loan sched
lled to follow Mr. Aleman's visit
ο Washington, he made a strong
>id before 1,600 persons at the din
îer last night for participation of
ndividual American capital in the
»onomic development of Mexico,
Aylng that Americans living and
Forking there have found "ample
oom for their initiative."
Streaaes U. 8.-Mexican Beads.
He added that American investors
>r those associated with Mexican
nvestors are developing their en
erprises "without hinderance and
ielding considerable profits."
The President defended the ad op
ion since 1910 of laws regarded in
;ome United States quarters as ex
>ropriation of American property.
Je said Mexico waa forced to these
steps to safeguard it* resources and
ο save its manpower from ex·
-.'Tor this," he said, "we have been
And ^trpirotfd. it
was saia mac our aims involved a
nationalism that excludes all for
eigners from sharing In the develop
ment of the republic. Nothing, how
ever, could be less exact. · * ·
The Mexican President received
the Pan American Society's gold in
signia for his efforts in behalf of
inter-American friendship and co
In the afternoon ceremony at Co
lumbia University where Mr. Ale
man received an honorary degree of
doctor of laws, he paid his respects
to universities as guardians of free
dom of thought which, he said, is
"in the vanguard of the democratic
Like the United States, he said,
Mexico is building its democracy
upon "the immovable principles of
freedom and Justice."
Philip C. Jessup of the university
in conferring the degree, lauded Mr.
Aleman as "one who throughout his
life acquired personal familiarity
with the problem of the worker
and who has striven ardently and
successfully for the adoption of pro
gressive social legislation."
Mr. Aleman will remain in New
York until Monday morning.
Anti-Labor Curb Fight
Aim of CIO, AFL as
Unity Talks Adjourn
By James Y. Newton
Labor leaders still were hopefu:
today of a joint AFL-CIO flght
against restrictive union laws de
spite 'postponement of further
on merger of the organizations.
They also- were pleased that 1(
top officials of the labor groups met
here for two days without,the old
show of bitterness and in unanimous
agreement, that "organic units
should be established within the
American labor movement."
Next meeting of the peace con
ferees, it was add, will be held in
late June or July. A conference
might be called after Congress
Anally passes on the new labor bill
and before President Truman aits
upon it.
Talks End Yesterday.
First unity talks of the oommit
tees for the AFL and CIO ended
yesterday afternoon. Each side ad
vanced plans for merger which were
not accepted.
CIO President Philip Murray
called a meeting of his nine vice
presidents for May 15 and of the
CIO's 51-member Executive Board
for May 16 to hear reports on the
unity meetings and to plan; details
of co-operation with the AFL In the
campaign against restrictive leg
The rejected AFL peace plan would
hive welcomed all the CIO's national
unions into membership in the older
organization on the same basis as
John L- Lewis led back his United
Mine Workers last year.
The miners returned with the un
derstanding that any jurisdictional
disputes would -be settled by the
AFL's Executive Council as they
CIO Counter Position.
The CIO wanted to take the- con
solidation in four gradual steps, as
1. A joint campaign against the
labor legislation, featured by a joint
Nation-wide radio program and
AFL-CIO appeals to President Tru
man and Republican and Demo
cratic leaders.
2. A "no-raiding" agreement and
inter-union machinery for arbitrat
ing such jurisdictional disputes as
do occur.
3. Acceptance of the principles of
"industrial organization" in any
discussion of organic unity; agree
ment that autonomous rights of all
existing international unions should
be "fully respected"; and provision
for "effective labor political action
machinery for advancing the legis
lative objectives of organized labor,
between elections and at election
A. Meetings of committees of both
AFL and CIO "operating in the
same field" to explore the possibility
of joint action in carrying out the
othçr three steps.
Eleven Treated in Hospitals
After Delaware Blast
By the Associated Press
NEW CASTLE, Del., May 3.—
Eleven persons were recuperating
in nearby Wilmington hospitals to
day from injuries suffered in a blast
that wrecked the Deemer Steel
Casting CO. plant yesterday. . n ^
The blast rocked an area of seVf
eral blocks. Company President
Newlin P. Booth said a gas accu
mulàtion in a converter apparatus
was believed to have caused the ex
plosion. There was no fire.
Mrs. Ada Bennett, who lives near
the plant, said the explosion shook
her house like an earthquake.
(left) of Evanston, 111., and Maj. Robert W, Rigg of Chicago,
American assistant military attaches, lit their first cigars on
arrival in Peiping following their release after being held pris
oners by Chinese Communists for 55 days. Ma}. Rlgg's cigar was
sent him by his wife and delivered by a çescue party.
—AP WLrephoto.
July 1 Deadline Set
For Indictment of All
Nazi War Criminals
Byth· Associated Press
NUERNBERG, Germany, May 3.
—Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor today
set July 1 as the target date to
complete drafting all indictments
against German war criminals.
The chief American prosecutor
said he is gearing his organization
to a schedule that provides for the
"bulk'* of the trials to be completed
by November and all of them to be
concluded possibly by next Feb
There may be 18 trials altogether
constituting the entire "subsequent
proceedings," following the Inter
national Military Tribune.
Four Trials Underway.
Four are under way now. A ver
dict in the case against 23 SS doc
tors still is a month away. By
midsummer, prosecutors anticipate
winding up also the trial of Oswald
Pohl and the SS business organiza
tion and the case against 17 magis
trates who conducted the Nazi Min
istry of Justice.
The trial of Friedrich Flick and
his associates in the iron and steel
business, charged with supporting
Hitler's warm aims, is barely under
ι vjrny one "suDsequent" case has
been concluded. Field Marshall
, Erhard Milch, builder of the Luft
waffe, was convicted of war crimes
and sentenced to life imprisonment.
The indictment of 23 leaders of
I. G. Farbenindustrie, accused of
waging aggressive war in their lab
oratories, has been handed down
and trial starts next month.
Military Leaders Next.
A group of top military men is
next on the list to be. prosecuted.
They will be tried for individual
responsibility, rather than as mem
bers of the German general, staff.
The Internâtîonàl Military Tribunal
ruled the general staff was not a
criminal organization as such.
Gen. Taylor intimated that the
indictment of the military leaders
may be completed this week. At
torneys also are working on the
indictment of the Krupp steel, trust
and several of the Nazi ministries
such as Goebbels' propaganda out
fit, the Foreign Office, and the agri
culture branch, which distributed
slave labor.
High Wind Menaces
Liner Queen Mary
By th· Associated Press
SOUTHAMPTON, .England, May
3.—The wind and seven tugs fotight
a battle today over the 81,235-ton
liner Queen Mary.
The wind caught the great ship
broadside while the tugs were pull
ing her out of a graving dock. For
more than an hour, while the tugs
strained to prevent it, the wind
threatened to bash her against a
quayside wall.
The fight ended when the wind
veered slightly, enabling the tugs
to swing the ship into a safe posi
The Queen Mary is being recon
verted for Atlantic passenger service
after her wartime career as a troop
G. W. CROWNS MAY QUEEN—Marme Winterfleld, 1905 Kalo
rama road N.W., was crowned George Washington University
May Queen by Fremont Jewell, president-elect of the Student
Council, last night in Lisner Auditorium, Lynn Matteeon of
Strong Hall is attending the queen. The queen and her attend
ants were selected by a group of veterans at Walter Reed
—Star Stag Photo.
Clay Declares Goal
Of U. S. Is to Root
Democracy in Reich
■y th· Associated Press
BERLIN, May 3.—The program of
the American Military Government
is "directed toward the establish
ment of a democracy in the German
government and the German people
with a view to the eventual peaceful
participation by Germany in inter·
national relations," Gen. Lucius D.
Clay said today in a directive on the
objectives and principles of military
The directive by the American
commander in Europe is a revision
of previous military government
policy statements to include signifi
cant changes which have occurred
during the past year.
Democracy cannot be imposed b£
a foreign power but must be rooted
in the convictions of the people
themselves and must be learned by
experience and practice, the direc
tive continued.
May Be Aided by Advice.
The German people and govern
ment may be aided in this, however,
by informed and tactful advice and
guidance, it added.
It is the view of the United States
Government that the German people
throughout Germany, under proper
safeguards, should now be given
primary responsibility for running
their own affairs in order that they
may learn and practice democracy.
The directive emphasized that al
though Germany is a defeated Na
tion it is not intended to destroy
or enslave the German people but
to occupy Germany for the purpose
of realizing certain Important Al
lied objectives.
The principal objective of the
United States, Gen. Clay said, "was
to assure that Germany never again
will threaten her neighbors or the
peace of the world."
Demilitarisation Nearly Over.
In implementing this principle ob
jective, Gen. Clay's directive said it
was American policy to place special
emphasis on the more constructive
program of democratization because
militaristic and other totalitarian
threats would finally be eliminated
only if the German people learn to
think, believe and act in terms of
democracy, peace, and the rights of
Another step in this direction,
demilitarization, is substantially
complete in the American zone, the
directive said.
It outlined the essential steps, as
elimination of German militarism,
Nazism and all the other anti
democratic forces in Germany; com
plete disarmament and demilitariza
tion and the elimination or control
of all German Industry that could
be used primarily for military pro
Potato Pest Controlled
The golden nematode, almost mi
croscopic soil pest which now infests
65 to 75 per cent of England's potato
fields, thus far is confined in Amer
ica to an important potato-growing
area on Long Island.
Weather Report
District of Columbia — Mostly
sunny, with temperature rising to
near 70 degrees, followed by con
siderable cloudiness and a few scat
tered showers late this afternoon
and early tonight. Lowest tempera
ture tonight near 50 degrees. To
morrow, considerable cloudiness and
continued cool.
Virginia and Maryland—Consider
able cloudiness, with little change in
temperature tonight and Sunday.
Brief rain, ending in west portion by
early tonight and in east portion
late tonight.
Wind velocity, 8 miles per hour;
direction, north northwest.
Elver tiHrt.
(Prom U. β. engineers).
Potomac River cloudy at Harper* Ferry
and muddy at Great Fall»; Shenandoah
cloudy at Harpers Perry.
TaMperatori and HamMlty.
(Reading* at Waahlne ton National Airport.)
Temperature. Humidity.
4 P.m.
β p.m.
8 a.m.
10 a.m.
Beeerd Temperature!
Highest, 80. on April β
Lowest, 7. on February
Tide Table*
(Furnished by United State*
Geodetic Survey.)
Fer Cent.
High ..... eJSVm.
£& ::::::::::: l:?fe
Low 1:36 p.m.
The lis and Hns.
Sun. today 1 6:07
Sun, tomorrow 6:06
Moon, today 6:38 p.m.
Automobile light· most "
one-half hour
Coast and
7:36 a.m.
1:48 ajn.
8:00 p.m.
2:23 p.m.
~ ltehta
■ after ι
4:81 p.m.
turned on
Monthly prefeuaupn'"' inches in the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1047 Average. Record.
w!£ÏÏLZ H5 7-·?3 '-?7
ffiSr..::::::: If
"April 5.·-"
3ep tember
October ..
tosMfstsm hi Tarieas Cities
High Low,
Albueuerque 88 58 Miami
«fccity 8 η Me.
Bismarck. _ 76 64 New Tort
fcr. I? if fe*
tSfniû Z It il 7-1
ywBBSBwaBag^pg^^ wmmt W^· ' ^
War Agency Officials
To Testify Next Week
At Hay-Garsson Trial
ly Robert K. Welsh
War Department authorities, pos
sibly . Including- Secretary of War
Patterson, an expected to testify
in Dlstnct Court early next week
at the trial of former Reprventa
tive Andrew J. May and three offi
cials of the Garsson munitions com·
Government prosecutors indicated
today that soon after court recon
venes Monday morning they will
focus attention pryincipally on
"Washington evidence." They de
clined to say whether witnesses will
include Gen. Dwight D. Elsenhower,
Army Chief of Staff.
May sent Gen. Eisenhower a letter
in April, 1945, regarding court-mar
tial proceedings in Europe against
the son of Murray Garsson, accord
ing to the testimony last summer
before the Senate War Investigat
ing Committee.
The Garsson brothers, Henry M.
and Murray, and their Washington
wartime ^gent, Joseph F. Freeman,
are accused with May of conspiracy
to defraud the United States. Spe
cifically, the Government charge·
that the 71-year-old former chair
man of the House Military Affairs
Committee received more than $50.
000 from the Garssons, principally
through the Cumberland Lumber
Co. of Kentucky, for wartime favor·
he got far them.
May denies he kept any money or
that he acted Improperly as a mem
ber of Congress.
Evidence Developed.
Washington evidence indicating
frequent personal association be
tween May and officials of the $78,·
000,000 Garsson munitions combine
was developed late yesterday before
Justice Henry A. Schwelnhaut and
the Jury.
Miss Billie May Hagans, Lexing
ton, Ky., an employe of the House
Military Affairs Committee office
from February, 1M2, to April, 1M3,
told of visits two or three times a
week by Murray Garsson and Free
man to confer behind closed doors
with May at the House Office Build
in cross-examination, however,
she testified, that so far as she could
see there was no difference between
those conferences and the meetings
May had with numerous other visi
tors during the war.
Most of the testimony this week
dealt with operations of the Cum
berland Lumber Co. .and purchase
orders or Invoices for lumber. Ac
cording to several witnesses, no
lumber was ever delivered by Cum
berland on purported orders from
Erie Basin Metal Products, Inc., and
Batavia Metal Products, Inc., Illinois
members of 16 interlocking concerns
in the Garsson chain.
Typewriters in Evidence.
Testimony reached A climax in
this part of the Government's case
yesterday. An FBI expert declared
that typewriters Aown by the Gov
ernment to have been in the pos
session of the Illinois companies
since October, 1844, were used to pre
pare Invoices supposedly submitted
by the Kentucky concern for lumber
Prank M. Miller of the FBI labo
ratory here, wâs on the stand from
early Thursday afternoon until yes
terday noon. Ηβ compared enlarged
photograph* of typewriting from
the disputed sales records and sam
ples taken by FBI agents last Febru
ary and March from two typewriters
at the Illinois company offices.
Mr. Miller declared he was con
vinced, after scientific examination
and due allowance for possible me
chanical deterioration from 1944 to
1947, that the typewriting In each
instance was done on the same
The FBI agent was a key Gov
ernment witness in the prosecution's
effort to prove the Garssons faked
these and other records as à means
of concealing alleged payments per
sonally to May.
Tells of Incorporation.
Another witness yesterday was
Milton E. Hartley, Wilmington (Del.)
representative of a concern that
handled the incorporation of the
Cumberland Lumber Co. He testi
fied May paid the original incor
poration charges and subsequent
fees which at one time were 10
months In arrears. He said May
was listed as Kentucky process
agent for the company.
Albert Fowler of Cambridge, Wis,
a Batavia company expediter In
1944 and 1945, testified he tried un
successfully to get lumber from
Cumberland for his company. He
said his letters were returned "un
delivered" and that he could not
Λ Ϊ - 1-1—« —· .. . . -
•«it* w wtvynviio uUUlMCi U9bCU 4UX
the Kentucky lumber concern.
Government prosecutors indicated
they had nearly completed presen
tation of evidence on the Cumber
land phase of the case. It vas un
derstood that several Washington
witnesses, including high War De
partment ofljciak and present or
former officers of, the Chemical
Warfare Service, are scheduled to
be called next.
The Government's case, it was
Indicated, will deal more directly,
from now on, wirh many of the
55 alleged "overt acts" cited In the
four-count indictment.
Fred Vinson, Jr., Named
W. and L. Student Head
•y the A»ociat*d Pr«n
LEXINGTON, Va., May Ï.—Jted
M. Vinson, jr., oldest son of the
Chief Justice of the United States,
yesterday was elected president ef
the Washington and Lee Univer
tity student body for the 1M7-48
Young Vinson was the only un
oppossed candidate In the university
balloting to choose all major student
officers. He is * member of Beta
rheta Pi, acting captain and third
baseman of the W. As L. baseball
team, and was outstanding on the
Generals' basketball team the past
% Star Calendar Art
Exhibit Open Sunday
The Evening Star Student
Calendar Art Exhibit in the
lobby of the» Department of
Commerce Building will be
open today until § p.m. and
tomorrow from S a.m. until β
ρ .m. The exhibition will eon·
tinue through May 14.
Nearly 500 picture* are on
The art is the work of senior
and Junior , high school stu
dents in Washington and
«nearly Maryland and Virginia.
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