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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 04, 1947, Image 1

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Home Delivery
The Evening and Sunday 8tar Is
delivered by carrier in the city and
suburbs at 90c per month when 4
Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5
Telephone NA. MM.
Weather Forecast
Mostly cloudy with some sunshine In
afternoon, highest about 70. Tomorrow,
sunny and warmer.
Yesterday's temperature: High, 66, at
12:46 pjn.: low. 52, at 6:36 ajn.
United States Weather Bureau Report.
No. 2,196—No. 57,619
WASHINGTON, D. C., MAY 4, *1947—154 PAGES,
Russia Dissents
On Global Police
Plan; for U. N.
Long-Awaited Report
Reveals Reds Oppose
14 of 41 Principles
By the Associated Press
.—The first report from the Big
Five Military Staff Committee ol
the United Nations disclosed to
night that the Soviet Union op
posed more than a third of 41
general principles laid down foi
organization of a global police
The long-awaited summary, cov
ering 80 typewritten pages and
drafted after 15 months of secret
meetings of the admirals and gen
erals of the five nations, said the
Russians dissented on 14 of the
committee's articles.
France joined with Russia in
three instances. The United States,
Britain and China were agreed on
most points.
The report now goes to the parent
Security Council for full debate.
Far Apart On Many Issues.
The major issues where Russia
and the western powers still stood
far apart after long deliberations
Included these:
Operational bases—Russia says
there is nothing in the U. N. charter
requiring any country to make bases
available for a U. N. forcc. The
United States says it would be use
less to set up a force without guar
anteeing rights to bases.
Withdrawal — Russia demands
♦ Vinf ell fnv/ïftc nnn ffiWutn/J +Λ fV>n
U. Ν. be withdrawn "to their own
territories and territorial waters"
within 30 to 90 days after complet
ing a mission. The others say only
that the forces shall be pulled back
to "general locations" covered by
agreement as soon as possible after
an emergency. »
Contributions—the Soviet Union
insists that every member of the
Big Five make identical contribu
tions to the U. N. forces (same num
ber of troops, battleships, p\anes,
etc.) with the others maintaining
that because of varied strength in
the different services in the differ
ent nations that the contributions
should be comparable.
Agreed on Broad Terms.
With an eye cn the pending pro
posals for slashing down the world's
arms, the committees did agree that
no nation would be asked to in
crease its forces in order to create
a particular component for the
U. N.
The 25 ; principles on which the
committee was able to get unani
mous agreement were largely
copied out of the charter or stated
in broad, general terms. The com
mittee stressed that this was only
the first stage in its task of laying
down plans for a global force which
founders of the U. N. hoped would
give the agency the power to keep
The report did not dip into the
difficult question of the eventual
siee of the force.
"The moral weight and the po
tential power behind any decision to
employ the armed forces made avail
able to the Security Council by mem
ber nations of the United Nations in
enforcement action will be very
great, and this fact will directly in
fluence the size ο the armed forces
required," one paragraph said.
Veto Power Not Mentioned.
The report did not mention the
veto power held by the Big Five in
the Security Council, which would
enable any one of these nations to
block the use of the international
On the question of general loca
tion of armed forces, the Russians
insisted that all forces held in readi
ness for the U. N. should be gar
risoned within home territory, ex
cept for occupation troops in Axis
countries, ι ne unuea siaies saia
the forces could be based "at the
discretion of member nations in any
territories or waters to which they
have legal right or access."
Included in the report signed by
Lt. Gen. A. P. Vasiliev of Russia,
current committee chairman, were
chapters on purposes of the armed
forces, composition, over-all strength,
contributions, employment of forces,
degree of readiness, provisions for
assistance and facilities including
rights of passage, logistical support,
general location, and strategic direc
tion and command.
The committee was able to agree
fully on only the first two chapters,
setting forth that the forces would
be* used for the maintenance of in
ternational peace of security in
crises of a threat to peace, a breach
of peace, or an act of aggression.
International Army.
The military men, sitting as rep
resentatives of the chiefs of staff
of their respective countries, also
wrote in the charter provision that
Air Crash Kills Marine
Who Shot Down 21 Japs
By the Associated Press
CHICAGO, May 3—Capt. Donald
Aldrich, 29, daring Marine air ace
who shot down 21 Jap planes, was
killed today when his 'Navy Corsair
fighter plane overturned at a South
Side airport.
Capt. Aldrich, a Chicagoan, was
trapped in the Corsair's cockpit
when it rolled over after he at
tempted a landing on a small com
mercial field.
A spokesman at Glenview Naval
Air Station said the flier was en
route from Quantico, Va., to Glen
view. but apparently "got into
trouble" over Chicago and was
forced to land at the South Side
Capt. Aldrich was wounded twice
in air engagements with the Japs
and was a holder of the Navy Cross.
Before the war he served with the
Royal Canadian Air Force as an in
His wife Marjorie and a 27-month
old son Frederick reside in Chicago
Complete Index, Pg. A-2
Radio Programs, Pg. C-8
i I
il. S., Soviet Economy Can Exist
In Harmony, Stalin Told Stassen
Russia Wants to Co-operate/ Doesn't Seek
War With Us, American Was Assured
ly th· Associated Prtu
Prime Minister Stalin told Harold E. Stassen that the differ
ing economic systems of Russia and the United States can exist
in harmony together if there is a
will to co-operate.
He added that Russia "wants
to co-operate" and "does not
propose" to wage war .against
the United States.
Mr. Stalin also made the flat
declaration "that International
control and inspection" of
atomic energy "will be estab
lished In my view and it will be
of great importance." pse of
this great new force for war "will
be prohibited," he forecast.
Mr Rt.fisspn fnrmpr Minripsnta
Mr. su»sen. Governor and Republican presi- Mr. suu·.
dential aspirant, made public last night, with Mr. Stalin's consent, the
transcript of an 80-minute interview he nad with the Russian leader
in Moscow April 9. Foreign Minister Molotov was present. -
JL uiiurrii25 ίο α vt ntigvi i^/w w* v»»v
Stassen (after introduction)—
Generalissimo Stalin, on this Euro
pean trip I am particularly inter
ested in studying conditions of an
economic nature. In this regard, of
course, the relations of the U. S. A.
and the U. S. S. R. are very impor
tant. I realize that we have two
economic systems that are very dif
ferent. The U. S. S. R. with the
Communist Party and with it's
planned economy and socialized col
lective state, and the U. S. A. with
its free economy and regulated pri
vate capitalism, »re very different.
I would be interested to Know if you
think these two economic systems
can exist together in the same mod
ern world in harmony with each
Stalin—Of c rse they can. The
difference between them is not of
«asential importance so far as co
operation. The systems in Germany
and the United States are the same,
out war broke out between them.
Ihe U. S. and U. S. S. R. systems
are different, but we didn't wage
war against each other and the
U, S. and Russia Split
Over Jewish Role in
United Nations Debate
Final Vote Is Expected
To Back American Stand
For Committee Action *
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, May 3. — The
United States and Russia split
U. S. S. R. does not propose to. If
during tbe war they could co
operate, why can't they today in
peace? Given the wish to co-oper
ate, of coursé, but If there is no
desire to co-operate even with the
same economic systems, they may
fall out as was the case with Ger
Stassen—I believe, of course that
they can co-operate if they both
have the desiie to, but there have
been many statements about not
being able to co-operate. Some of
these were wade by the Generalis
simo himself before the war. But
is It possible, now that the Fascist
Axis has been defeated that the
situation has changed?
Stalin Doubts He Ever 8^id
Systems Cannot Co-operate.
Stalin—It's not possible that 1
said that the two economic systems
could not co-operate. Co-operation
ideas were expressed by Lenin. I
might have said that one system
was reluctant to co-bperate, but
that concerned only one side. But
as to the possibility of co-operation,
I adhere to Lenin who expressed
both the possibility and the desire
of co-operation. As to the desire of
the people to co-operate on the part
of the U. S. S. R. and the party, it is
possible—and the countries will ben
efit ony by this co-operation.
Stassen—That last part is clear.
The statements I referred to are
those made by you at the 18th Com
munist Party Congress in 1930 and
the plenary session in 1937—state
ments about "capitalist encircle
ment'' and "monopoly." I assume
from your statement now that the
iefeat of Fascist Germany artd Ja
pan have now changed that situa
Stalin—There was not ft single
party congress or ptenary session of
the Central Committee of the Com
munist Pertv lit. whirfi Τ salrf nr
sharply late today over Jewish
representation in the United
Nations Palestine debate and the
issue was left undecided after a
four-hour wrangle in the Gen
eral Assembly.
Assembly President Oswaldo
Aranha insisted on a night session
to settle the question of how the
Jews should be heard on the Holy
Land issue, but Australian Delegate
W. R. Hodgson led a successful
small-nation revolt for adjourn-;
ment until Monday.
When the delegates finally quit,1
the situation was this:
The United States was pressing
for approval of the . Assembly's
Steering Committee report recom
mending that the 55-nation Politi
cal Committee decide on all re
quests for a hearing.
Long Debate in Prospect.
Russia backed a Polish resolution
which would allow the official Jew
ish agency to be represented at
plenary meetings of the special ses
sion. This resolution, already re
jected by the Steering Committee,
was revived by Poland at the open
ing of today's second session..
Both sides had considerable sup
port, but it appeared almost certain
that the American proposal would
be approved when the final vote is
The questions still faced a long
debate, however, since eight speak
ers had asked to be heard and
others might possibly request the
floor at the next meeting.
Warren R. Austin, American dele
gate, led the opposition to the Polish
resolution, declaring that to invite
the Jews to participate in the A&r
(See U. N„ Page À-6.)
11 Killed in Air Crash
At Costa Rican Field
By the Associated Pre»
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, May 3.—
Eleven persons were killed today
when a TACA Lockheed passenger
plane caught fire after taking off
from Nicoya, Costa Rica, and
crashed 3 miles from the airport.
The nine passengers were not
identified immediately, while the
crew members were identified .only
as Pilot March and Copilot Aued.
could have said that co-operation
The conference between Gen
eralissimo Stalin and Harold
E. Stassen was held at the
Kremlin in Moscow from 11
p.m. to 12:30 a.m. April 9, 1947.
Present were Foreign Minister
Molotov, Messrs. Pavlov (in
terpreter), Jay Cooke (Phila
delphia Republican leader, war
veteran, - and associate of Mr.
Stassen on his joilrney), and
Robert Matteson (St. Paul war
veteran and research assistant
on Mr. Stassen's staff) The
transcript was prepared from
Mr. Matteson's notes in Englisa
of the entire conference and
was reviewed with interpreta
tion of Mr. Pavlov's transcript
in Russian, copy of which was
obtained upon request. Per
mission to release publicly was
requested and "obtained from
Generalissimo Stalin at the
conclusion of the conference.
between the two systems was im
possible. I did say that there ex
isted capitalist encirclement and
danger of attack on the U. S. S. R. If
one party does not wish to co-oper
ate then that means that there ex
ists a threat of attack. And actual
ly Germany, not wishing to co-op
erate with tt^e U. S. S. R., attacked
the U. S. S. R. Could the U. S. S. R.
have co-operated with Germany?
Yes, the U. S. S. R. could have co
operated with Germany, but the
Germans did not wish to co-operate.
Otherwise the U. S. S. R. could have !
co-operated with Germany as with
any other country. As you see, this
concerns the sphere of desire and
not the possibility of co-operating.
It is necessary to make a distinction
between the possibility of co-opera
tion always exists, but there is not
always present the wish to co-oper
ate. If one party does not wish to
co-operate then the result will be
conflict, war.
Stassen—It must be mutual.
Two Disagree on Differences
In U. Si and Nazi Economics.
Stalin—Yes. I want to bear tes
timony to the fact that Russia wants
to co-operate.
Stassen—I wish to point out with
(Continued on Page A-6, Col. 3)
British Workman Bares Tunnel
Used by King to Visit Nell Gwyn
(y the Associated Press
LONDON, May 3.—A workman
loosening some stones at the Wind
sor Guildhall poked his pneumatic
drill into a secret the gossips didn't
know about in 1675.
The drill suddenly left his hands,
land he found that he had penetrated
into a large hole. Investigation es
tablished that he had struck a por
tion of a tunnel which led off in
the direction of one of Windsor's
historic houses, and quite rightly
historians took over the "inquiry.
The historians were just about
agreed today that they were dealing
with another "Nell Gwyn tunnel."
! Nell Gwyn used to live in the historic
house, and the workmen with his
drill apparently had uncovered one
; of the subterranean passages used
by King Charles II to make secret
calls on the glamorous lady.
The discovery at Windsor was as
; sociated immediately with the other
subterranean passage, recently ι
I found in the Chelsea region, which!
enabled the king to call on Nell ί
without the neighbors knowing
about it.
One end of the Chelsea tunnel is
under Sanford Manor House, now
an office and shop of the Fulham
Gas Works, where Nell Gwyn once
lived. The other end is some feet
under the turf of the horticultural
ground of the Royal hospital, a spot
in which King Charles found a my
sterious interest.
Nell Gwyn, illiterate actress who
was called a child of the London1
streets, charmed a nation, a gener
ation and the king with her sim-;
pie talents. So compelling was her
fascination that'the phrase "Sweet
Nell" to this day warms the heart
of an Englishman in a special way.
The historians describe her as the
most popular of the king's many
mistresses, and say it's to her credit
that she didn't try to dominate
prime ministers and bishops but
that she did induce the king to cre
ate a foundation for today's Chelsea
514 Surrender,
Ending Rioting
At Army Prison
One Killed, 11 Hurt,
In Racial Fighting
Àt Ft. Leavenworth
ly Associated Press
May 3.—The Army late today
quelled a race riot in the Fort
Leavenworth Disciplinary Bar
racks in which one prisoner was
killed and five guards and six
prisoners were injured. The riot
ended with capitulation of 514
white prisoners who had defied
a surrender ultimatum through
out the afternoon.
Earlier, 213 Negro prisoners in
cell block 7 surrendered after a
night and morning of rioting and
disorder that forced the Army to
send to Kansas City for additional
suDplies of tear gas.
The task of clearing the white
prisoners' cell block No. 6 was
completed at 6:20 p.m. No bodies
were found and only two of the
prisoners required hospitalization—
one a prisoner who previously had
malaria, and another who was suf
fering from an old injury. Both con
ditions had been aggravated by the
tear gas.
The rioting grew out of resent
ment of white prisoners at having
to eat in the same mess hall with
Negroes. The discontent smolder
ing, an Army official said, since
1942, flared into disorder 48 hours
ago. This broke into an open riot
last night after three Negro prison
ers attacked a white man in the
shower room. χ
Γ»ιι QUisl· d»jk. r\ j
Maj. Henry C. iSfésler, public re
lations officer at Fort Leavenworth,
said the prisoners had damaged ex
tensively cell block 6 and the white
men would be detained overnight in
another block.
Sinks and toilets were torn out
and broken and water was several
inches deep over the floor.
Major Triesler said the men in
volved in the riot ate their first
meal since last night and left the
mess hall at 8:30 p.m. without dis
order. They were under close guard.
The usual seating arrangement
was in effect, with whites and Neg
roes eating in the same room but at
separate tables and with separate
waiters. The menu consisted of
spaghetti and meatballs, spinach,
cottage cheese and peach salad.
The major said work would be
resumed at the prison tomorrow by
some prisoners whose records were
good, and that a full work schedule
would be resumed Monday. Barring
unforeseen developments, he said,
the barracks would be back to nor
mal by Tueeday.
Commandant Opens Inquiry,
of the barracks, who assumed his
post only last Thursday, was con
ducting an investigation tonight in
an effort to segregate the riot ring
leader?. Plans for court-martial
proceedings will await completion of
the investigation, hp said.
Brig. Gen. Harry Twaddle of the
staff of the commanding general of
the 5th Army was en route to Leav
enworth from Chicago to "look over
the situation" and represent 5th
Army headquarters.
Hundreds of tear gas shells were
lobbed into cell blocks 6 and 7
through the night before the Negro
prisoners heeded an ultimatum by
Col. Parks, this morning, to surren
der or be drenched in an intensified
gas barrage.
The Negro prisoners were removed
and housed in an unused cell block
until their own cells had been
cleaned and repaired. They were
returned to them at double time late
in the afternoon.
The white prisoners ignored the
Îai. «4v -Ij
army laid siege to their wing of the
wheel-shaped building, cutting off
water and withholding food until
they capitulated.
Army officials speculated that the
men held out in the gas by placing
damp cloths over their faces to serve
as crude gas masks.
Tc!d To Discard Clothing.
When the break finally came at
4:15 this afternoon, Col. W. A.
Drownes, supervisor of prisoners, in
structed the men over a loudspeaker j
system to leave the block in groups
of five, discard their clothing and
report to a tier on a lower floor.
' Bring out your injured first," he
instructed, "and if any of you do
not want to leave, stand back and
let the others.do so."
About 50 were removed in the first
half hour.
Col. Drownes said some known
ringleaders had been segregated and
would be dealt with separately.
He told tfte men they had lost
all privileges, including possession of
pipes and combs, until they had
proved they were on "good behavior"
A statement by Lt. Gen. Leonard
T. Gerow. commandant of Port
(See RIOT, Page A-7.)
Franco's Kin Says Hitler
Sought Gibraltar Attack
ty th· Auociatad Press
MADRID, May 3.—Ramon Ser
rano Suner, brother-in-law of Gen
eralissimo Franco, asserts in a book
to be published within a few weeks
that Adolf Hitler once demanded
that Spain cecu. the Canary Islands
to Geimany and join the Axis in an
attack on Gibraltar. '
Suner. former foreign minister
and Falange chief, was ranked as
the No. 2 man in the Franco regime
until his fall from favor in 1942.
, The book, entitled "Between Her-1
daye and Oibraltar," tells of a meet
ing between Suner and Hitler as
Berchestesgaden, at which Suner
said he told Hitler that Spain would
be more of a liability than an asset
to the Germans as ajrar-tirae ally.
Persons who have read prooîs of
the book said that Suner, for unex
plained reasons, passes lightly over
a meeting which he and Franco had
with Hitler at Hendaye after the
fall of France. ι
The Commissioners Attend α Class in Nature Study
Army Officers and Gis Marched
In Red Parade, Τhomas Charges
Head of House Committee Asks Penalties
For Treasonable' Act in New York
Sullivan Intimates
President Will Veto
Labor and Tax Bills
Party Official Criticizes
Republican Measures
In Speech at Boston
By Gould Lincoln
Gael Sullivan, executive di
rector οί the Democratic Na
tional Committee, last night
gave what appears to be definite
evidence that President Truman
will veto the Republican labor
bill and tax reduction bill when
those measures reach the White
Mr. Sullivan, commenting on the
pending labor legislation in a speech
it Boston, said:
"The problem of making ourselves
domestically strong cannot har
monize with a Republican program
to break the back of labor."
Regarding the Republican tax
bill, Mr. Sullivan said':'
"No Arm fiscal policy can stand
on a reckless project of cutting, by
30 per cent, the taxes of those best
able to ply and leaving those léast
able to pay, to shoulder the great
burden of taxes."
Appears Sure of Veto.
The man who was picked by Mr.
Truman for his job as executive
director of the Democratic National
Committee obviously was making a
1948 campaign speech.
If the President should sign the
labor bill or the tax bill or both,
Chairman Thomas of the
House Un-American Activities
Committee charged yesterday
that 80 officers and 1,500 en
listed members of the armed
forces marched under the ban
ner of the Communist Party in
a New York May Day parade.
The New Jersey Republican called
on armed forces chiefs to court mar
tial officers on active duty and re
voke commissions of reserve officers
on inactive duty for "engaging in
this treasonable demonstration."
Mr. Thomas revealed that com
mittee investigators took "close-up
motion pictures and still shot·" of
the parade, which he offered to turn
over to the heads of the services for
further investigation.
Committee officials said the pic
tures were taken from close enough
range to identify the marchers by
their faces.
In reply to the Thomas letter, Sec
retary of War Patterson notified
the committee chairman: '
"I am advised by the command
ing general, First Army, at Gover
nor's Island, that his investigation
so far reveals that none of those
who participated in the parade in
Army uniform are members of the
Army or its civilian components at
the present time. His investigation
is continuing and I will advise you
later as to the final result.
"I appreciate your offer of co
operation and 1 assure you that any
information that you have which
War Crimes Charged
To 24 Top Officials
Of farben Combine
Accused of Designing
Cartels to Weaken U. S.
As Arsenal of Democracy
By the Associated Press
NUERNBERG, Germany, May
3.—A 20,000-word war crimes in
dictment charging 24 members
of the giant I. G. Farban com
bine with making cartel ar
rangements "carefully designed
to weaken the United States as
an arsenal of democracy" was
filed today with the American
military tribunal.
Brig. Gen. Telford Taylor, chief
counsel, presentèd the indictment
setting out the successive steps *the
world's largest chemical company
took to prepare Germany for war,
and its role in waging war.
It accused the 24 men of sponsor
ing Hitler's war aims, and of using
slave labor, nuss murder and plun
dering of private properties to carry
them out. Among tne officials in
dicted were. Carl Krauch, chairman
of the Farben Supervisory Board of
Directors; Hermann Schmitz, chair
man of the Managing Board of
Directors, and Georg Von Schnitzler,
chief of all foreign and domestic
sales divisions.
Power to Pass Death Sentences.
The penalties upon conviction
will be up to the discretion of the
tribunal, which is emDowered to nass
Move to Lower Prices
By Wholesalers Wins
Truman Indorsement
More Area Towns Joining
In Plan; U. S. Chamber
Committee Hits Drive
By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr.
President Truman last night
indorsed a move within the Na
tional Association of Whole
salers to drive down prices all
along the line from producer to
in other price developments here
1. The Progressive Business Men's
Committee of Hyattsville sent the
President a telegram stating mer
chants there "are 100 per cent in
support of your effort to lower prices
and consider it a great privilege to
be among the very first to put into
effect a 10 per cent discount plan."
2. A group of Bethesda merchants
disclosed a plan to trim retail prices
10 per cent along lines of the New
buryport (Mass.) plan.
3. The Retail Merchants Division
of the Silver Spring Board of Trade
announced a special committee will
meet this week to study possible
alternatives to the Newburyport
plan, which was rejected by the
group last week.
4. Indirect criticism of the Presi
dent's "moral suasion" drive against
high prices came from the Economic
Policy Committee of the United
States Chamber of Commerce, which
charged it may lead to a recession,
and contended that business alone
cannot bring prices down.
White House Reveals Letters.
Mr. Truman's latest comment on
the "price problem" came in an ex
change of letters with Joseph Ko
lodny, president of the National As
(See PRICES, Page A-4.)
aiier mis κιηα οι criticism Dy one;
οί his chief political lieutenants the |
Republicans would be in position to j
laugh the Democrats out of court.'
It appears incredible, therefore, '
that Mr. Sullivan should so criticize
these two bills unless he was quite j
sure that Mr. Truman would veto
Mr. Sullivan has made a number
of moves in the past which failed
to harmonize with the attitude of
the President, however. A few weeks
ago he wrote to Republican National
Chairman Carroll Reece suggesting
that Mr. Reece join with him in
a statement putting the national
organizations of both the major
political parties officially on record
in support of the Truman foreign
policy, especially toward Greece and
Turkey. This proposal was de
nounced by Republican leaders, who
(See LINCOLN, Page A^j
Civiliin Band Attacks
Bolivian Army Arsenal
By th· Associated Pros
LA PAZ* Bolivia, May 3.—An
armed band of, civilians attacked an
army arsenal "here today and were
repelled after two members of the
group were wounded. Nine of the
attackers were arrested.
A police communique described
the attackers as "a group of drunk
ards" who shouted slogans of the
nationalist revolutionary movement,
a political party.
the death sentence.'
"In this case we come to the very
heart of the guilt for the unspeak
able crimes which the Third Reich
committed against civilization in
this last and most terrible of wars,"
Gen. Taylor said in filing the in
"In a very real sense these de
fendants,and others like them—not
the half-mad Nazi fanatics and the
street-fighting thugs—are the prin
cipal war criminals.
"And what is more important,
these defendants will, if their guilt
is unexposed and unpunished, be an
immeasureably greater threat to the
future peace of the world than
would Hitler if he were alive today."
Controlled 500 Companies.
Gen. Taylor is currently prosecut
ing Friedrich Flick, head of the
giant German steel combine, and
four other officials of that concern
on war crimes charges. Officials of
the Krupp munitions firm, the Her
mann Goering Werke and the Dres
dener Bank will be similarly
Gen. Taylor has set July 1 as the
target date for completing the
drafting of all indictments against
German war criminals. He said he
hoped to complete the "bulk" of the
trials by November and all of them
possibly by next February.
At the height of its power the
Farben combine controlled 400 firms
in Germany and more than 500
throughout the world.
The indictment charged that Far
ben leaders used the cartels to carry
on propaganda, espionage and fifth
column activities outside Germany,
and to weaken the efforts of the
United States to aid Nazi-opposed
democracies in the days before Pearl
Harbor. /
"Through cartel arrangements,
Farben retarded the production
^ (See FARBEN, Page A-4.)
Camera Fans Are Enthusiastic
Over Star SnaDshot Contest
Camera fans of the Washington
area have responded with enthusi
asm to the announcement of the
Amateur Snapshot Contest in last
Sunday's editions of The Star. The
competition gives them an oppor
tunity to share in local and na
tional awards totaling more than
Within the first four days after
announcement of the contest, 10
times as many photos were sent in
to the Contest Editor as were en
tered for a similar period in 1943,
the last year the competition was
held. It was suspended during the
war because of the shortage of sup
Favorite subjects so far are babies
and scenery.
The first of the weekly prize-win
ning selections will be published is
The Sunday Star Pictorial Maga
zine on June 1. The winner will re
ceive $5, and 13 will be paid for each
picture of special merit published.
These selections will be published
each week until August 31.
At the close of the contest in
September, $3$ will be awarded to
the winners in each of the four
classes: (1) Babies and Children;
(3) Young People and Adults; (3)
Scenesh and StOl-life; (4) Animal
These four winner» will be entered
in a national contest, along with
the other newspaper winners
throughout the Unjjted States and
Canada, to compete for $10,000 in
cash prizes.
The grand prize winner will re
ceive ,$1,000, plus one of the four
class prizes of $500, or a total of
$1,500. Besides the three other top
class prizes of $500 each, the second ,
prize winners will receive $350 each,
and third prize winners $100 each, ι
Special merit awards of $50 each will
go to 70 entries and honorable men
tion awards of $25 each to 84.
Any photos taken since January 1, ,
1947, may be entered iff the contest, «
which Is open to amateurs. There is |
no limit on the number of pictures
a person may submit. Nor is there ι
my rule about the type of camera <
used. A picture taken with a little
box camera may be a winner just as s
quickly as one produced with an ex- ι
pensive arr^y of lights, filters and ι
lenses. \
"Appeal and general interest," ι
rather than mere technical excel
lence, will be the basis of judgment. \
Entries may be mailed immedi- 1
utely to the Amateur snapshot Con- χ
test Editor of The Star. The final i
leadline for getting pictures in is
loon August 1β. s ι
Contest Rules on Page A-20
Jet Pilot Takes
Derby by Head
In Photo Finish
Phalanx Comes From
Last to Run Second;
100,000 See Race
By Froncis E. Stonn
Star Staff Cormpondtnt
LOUISVILLE, May 3—The 111
racing luck of Mrs. Elizabeth
(Arden) Graham broke today,
and in a thrilling photo finish
her Jet Pilot, by Blenheim Π out
of Black Wave, won the 73d run
ning of the Kentucky Derby be
fore one of the great throngs Jn
American sporting history.
An estimated 100,000 persons
watched the Main Chance runner,
ridden by 23-year-old Eric Guerin,
beat the favored Phalanx and Fault
less by a thin, but clear margin In
the mile and a quarter test over a
slow track. So closely bunched were
the three tired colts that a blanket
would have covered them.
The victory by Mrs. Graham's
mud-running chestnut ta the slow
time of 2:06.4 was worth a net of
$92,160 and atoned for the cosmetic
queen's bitter disappointment of
last year, when she saddled the
favored entry of Lord Boswell,
Knockdown and Perfect Bahram,
and failed to finish in the money.
Phalanx 2-1 Favorite.
Thirteen starters went to the post
today, with Phalanx the choice of
the bettor; at odds of 2 to 1. Jet
Pilot was 5 to 1 and Faultless was
6 to 1. The Pilot, who ran and won
his first race a year ago on Derby
Day here, paid $12.60 to win.
The new Derby champion is one
οι ine survivors οι ine cmcago lire
which wiped out many of Mrs. Gra
ham's horses during Derby week in
Guerin, a tall jockey from Marin
gouin, La., who was riding in his
first Derby, handled the Maine
Chance racer perfectly, breaking
on top from the outside post posi
tion and saving ground throughout
the entire grueling run. At the
head of the stretch it looked as if
Phalanx or Faultless would over
haul Jet Pilot, but Mrs. Graham'·
colt doggedly stuck it out.
Phalanx was off to a bad start.
At the end of a quarter of a mile
the Virginia-bred favorite, Jointly
owned by C V. (Sonny) Whitney
and Abraham S. Hewitt, vu last
and at the mid of a half mile ha
was 11·th.
Phalanx Makes Up Ground.
Eddie Arcaro, the crack rider who
was shooting for his fourth victory
in the Kentucky classic, shook up
Phalanx with three quarters of a
mile to go and the brown Pilate
Jacola colt responded by gaining
steadily, although he was taken out
at jhe head of the stretch.
Faultless, running for the first
time on an "off" track, obviously did
not enjoy the slow strip as much
as Jet Pilot, but the Calumet Farm
color-bearer had no excuse?. Doug
Doason rated him in sixth place for
half a mile and asked for more
speed in the stretch. Faultless re
sponds), but couldn't quite make
't and was u'pped for second place
by the same margin as Jet Pilot'»
over Phalanx—a head.
On Trust, the "plumber's horse",
from California, was fourth, fol
lowed by Cosmic Bomb, the early
winter book favorite. Star Reward
was sixth.
The huge crowd, which wagered
a record $1,253,042 on the Derby and
$3,636.403 for the day, had to wait
several anxious minutes after the
field flashed under the wire for the
decision. The red "photo" sign
(Continued on~Page B-TTCol. 3.)
Martial Law Follows
China Rice Shop Riots
By the Associated Pre»
SHANGHAI, May 3.—Accounts of
a violent series of rice riots today in
Hangchow, coupled with astronomi
cal rises in the cost of China's staple
diet, overshadowed news of see saw
operations in the interminable civil
ιτ»ι · *
The- Shanghai Evening Post said
more than 300 rice shops were looted
in Hangchow, 113 miles southwest
of Shanghai in the heart of the rice
producing area.
Later reports said martial law had
been proclaimed in the city and the
ïovernment was frantically dump
ing large quantities of rice on the
spen market in an attempt to de·
press prices.
Shanghai rice sellers feared sim
ilar disturbances and cut the black
market price slightly to 2,400 dollars
ι pound or 20 United States cent»
it the official exchange rate.
Qn the civil war fronts, seml
jfflcial government reports said two
Nationalist forces were converging
jn Communist held Taian from
joints 36 mites southeast and 3β
niles northwest.
The official Central News Agency
.aid anether government army cap
aired Sulteh, last important Com
nunlst stronghold In Northern
3hensi Province.
i Killed at Maneuvers
If Jewish Underground
•y the Associated Press
JERUSALEM, May 3.—Three Jew§
irere killed and four others wound
d today during military maneuvers
ly members of Haganah, Jewish
inderground resistance organiza
ion, in an isolated area northeast
if Haifa.
Official Jewish sources did not
tate how the casualties occurred,
iut it was reported without conflr
nation that "a bomb on which they
fere experimenting exploded pre
The bodies of the three victims
re re returned to Jerusalem tonight
or burial. One of those killed was
understood to be the son of a prom
inent Jewish politician.
Minor incidents of violence by
lembers of the Jewish underground
fere -reported tonight in Tel Ανίτ
nd Jerusalem*—

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