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Roundtable Discusses ;
U. S. Newspaper Role ' In Broadcast Series h; ] By th# Associated Press NEW YORK, May 3—The role of the newspaper In shaping the, ι political, economic and social struc tures of the United States was de-i scribed as "enormous" today in the first of a series of short-wave round table discussions to be beamed to foreign nations over the State De partment's international broadcast ing facilities. Participante in the opening broad- j cast were Turner Catledge, assistant managing editor of the New York: Times, and Floyd Taylor, director of Columbia University's American1 Press Institute. Mr. Catledge said the American ι press "is playing an enormous role: today in shaping our views concern- j lng the things that are heppening1 In the world," and added: "In a free society, and particularly In connection with the operation of a democratic government, free and full lnfurmatkm to the public is ab solutely, indispensable." To Correct Distortions. The fipriAs rtealincr with nmaraHnns end problems of the Nation's news-· paper industry, will be broadcast on four consecutive week ends to Latin America, Europe and the Far East. A spokesman said the broadcasts were "designed to answer many questions of persons overseas, and to correct distortions about the Anyr lcan newspaper industry." Asked by Ben Wilbur, discussion chairman, whether advertisers in fluenced the publication of news, Mr. Taylor replied that he had worked on metropolitan newspapers for 25 years and never had encoun tered an example of it. Mr. Catledge agreed with Mr. : Taylor, adding that "as a matter of ; fact, it is so much to the contrary now, that an advertiser knows bet ter than to even try it." Elaborating on the newspaper's role in a democracy, the Times executive said no substitute existed "for information freely gathered, freely written and freely presented by private facilities." L&f Behind Public Seen. "I would like to emphasize that latter," Mr. Cattledge said, "par ticularly in these days when we seem to have some conflct between private and Government enter prise." The principal "justified" complain gainst the press in general. Mr. 'aylor said, was that m recent ears it tended to be a "trifle" more onservative than the public. The series will be translated for e-broadcast in many of the 25 mguages transmitted over the Voice of the United States of imerica," the State Department aid. The opening discussion, dealing ;enerally with large da;ly news papers, was broadcast to the Carib jean area, Latin America and the Par East tonight. It will be trans mitted to Europe tomorrow. 'Sight Saving Month' Designated as May The D. C. Society for the Preven tion of Blindness has designated the month of May as "sight saving, month" for the Washington area, Mrs. Allen L. Vories, president of the society has announced. A series of radio programs, lec tures, and distribution of free litera ture on the subject of eye care have been arranged by the society, the announcement said. eg *ββ* x f-xsim * Russian Girl on Way Hare To Wed M'Arthur Nephew Elena Gouchkovsky, 26, a White Russian, has arrived in San Fran cisco en route tq, Washington where j she said she will marry Bowman' MacArthur, nephew of Gen. Douglas MacArthur, the Associated Press reported. Mr. MacArthur was not available for comment. He is employed in the Reconstruction Finance Corp. end makes his home here with his mother, Mrs. Arthur MacArthur. He served in the Army during the war and was stationed in China for two years. He was divorced from Mrs. Beatrice MacArthur in Janu ary. They have a 16-year-old daughter. Miss Gouchkovsky arrived on, the West Coast aboard the S. S. General j M. C. Meigs. How to Color Flowers A florist's trick, to obtain unusual colors of flowers, is to place the blooms in colored water and let ! the liquid seep up into the flower I itself. Special Displays Open Religious Book Week • Special displays in the Library of Congress and other libraries, book! stores and universities throughout, Washington will mark Religious ι Book Week, opening today. The observance, designed to stim ulate reading of books of spiritual value, recalls the burning of books May 10,1933, by the National SociaJ-j ist party in Germany. It is pro moted by the National Conference of Christians and Jews. The library of Congress wfl dis play a group of rare manuscripts! which concern the freedom of wor ship in the United States. One is a copy of one of the earliest state | acts on religious freedom, contained ! In a copy of Bacon's "Laws of Mary land Province" printed In 1765. 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