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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 05, 1947, Image 10

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Ψί* IBbeuing piaf
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASH1NOTON, D. C
Published by
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
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A—10 * MONDAY, May S. 1947
Making Teamwork Count
There is still much to be done,
for the bill itself has not been writ
ten. Yet the experience thus far
in working out a revenue-raising
measure for the District of Columbia
should convince anybody of the
merits of joint hearings. Repre
sentative Bates of Massachusetts
and Senator Cain of Washington, as
co-chairmen of what has become the
Joint Committee on District Reve
nues, have demonstrated the supe
rior advantages of one instead of
two sets of hearings; they are build
ing up a record that will contain a
vast amount of valuable informa
tion on District-Federal fiscal rela
tions; they, are saving a lot of work
by both houses of Congress later on
by eliminating, through joint pro
cedure, the possibility of major
differences. The people of the Dis
trict are apt to get a better tax pro
gram than if the House and Senate
were proceeding independently.
Why not extend the same prin
ciple this year in connection with
hearings on the District appropria
tion bill? Chairman Horan of the
House Subcommittee on District
Appropriations has suggested it.
Chairman Dworshak of tfte compar
able Senate committee has the mat
ter unden. consideration. Approval
of the House and Senate leadership
would be necessary in any event.
But this year would be a highly
appropriate time to make the
• UMa«t«W Λ«» 4·
Within three months Congress is
expected to adjourn for the year.
In that time Congress must perfect
not only a revenue-raising program
for the District, but an appropria
tion bill based on that program.
And it must do this while meeting
the demands of a national legislative
program that will crowd every hour
available. The time to be saved
through joint hearings on the ap
propriation bill is in itself a major
consideration; the teamwork be
tween House and Senate in shaping
the appropriation bill to the pattern
set by the revenue-raising legisla
tion should be another incentive.
And for the District of Columbia,
presenting its own unique problems
in municipal government, there are
distinct advantages in a joint con
sideration which tends to divorce
local measures from the policies
applying to national affairs.
Joint hearings on the appropria
tion bill this year would be another
step toward eventual establishment
in Congress of a Joint Committee on
District Affairs, a device that would
make for better congressional con
trol of the Federal City and which
would work to the mutual advantage
of Congress and the District.
A New German Mark?
Announcemçnt of a plan for Ger
man financial reform comes as an
Interesting contrast to the deadlock
of the Council of Foreign Ministers
on the larger issue of an over-all
German settlement. This plan is
the outcome of prolonged discus
sion by the financial section of the
Allied Control Council—the four
power body which is the liaison be
tween the occupational authorities
in their respective zones of the con
quered Reich.
If adopted, the plan .would mark
an Important first step in reordering
German finance. The nub of the
proposal would be a devaluation of
the present reichsmark by 90 per
cent and the substitution of a new
currency, to be known as the
Deutsche mark. This idea originated
with the American delegates. With
some modifications, it has now been
accepted by the entire financial sec
tion and passed on for approval by
the Council.
Germany is today in financial
chaos deeper even than the col
lapse after World War I which pre
cipitated total inflation and ended
only with the complete repudiation
of the imperial currency fend the
establishment of the reichsmark.
The aim today is to salvage at least
one-tenth of prewar values by an
exchange of ten reichsmarks for
one ,of the propcfced new currency.
Special provisions are proposed for
the penalizing of black-market prof
iteers and active Nazis, together with
leniency in hardship cases.
The vastness as well as the diffi
culties of this conversion problem
are revealed by citing the main steps
in the reichsmark's degradation to
virtual worthlessness. To begin with,
the Hitler regime financed the later
stages of the war by reckless resort
to the printing press. The upshot
was that, in May, 1945, right after
Germany's surrender, note circula
tion in Germany totalled sixty
five billion reichsmarks. Although
much of that uncovered total was
canceled by Allied freezing of bank
accounts and. stoppage of credit
payment^ the situation was further
complicated by the issuance of "war
marks" by the various occupational
authorities. The Russians were
especially lavish in their Issuance of
this script and have never reported
the total, which leaves an uncertain
factor in the conversion equation.
The Russians propose to remedy this
and other adverse factoid by an "ex
traordinary capital levy."
Vital though «ome program of
financial reform is to German eco
nomic recovery and stability, it ap
pears unlikely that this proposal will·
be put into effect immediately. Like
everything else in the German prob
lem, it is tied into other issues which
as yet remain unsettled. However,
the mere announcement of what
looks like a feasible plan for currency
conversion is a hopeful portent.
Stalin on Co-operàtion
If words were everything, the
world could derive a great deal of en
couragement from the text of the
Stalin-Stassen interview. But words
are not everything. They must be
measured by the actions that sup
port them or contradict them. The
Premier-Generalissimo of Russia has
made many heartening remarks in
the past, but his government, in its
postwar dealings with other powers,
has seldom conducted it$elf in keep
ing with what he has said. At best,
therefore, his recent exchange of
views with Mr. Stassen, though^pos
sibly presaging a change for the bet
ter in Soviet policy, must be read
with fingers crossed.
Taken at face value, of course,
some of Mr. Stalin's points invite a
feeling of real optimism. The deep
differences between the political and
economic systems of his country and
ours, he holds, do not mean that we
cannot work harmoniously together
in the same world. Deploring the
name-calling now going on between
us, he says that genuine Soviet
American collaboration can be had
if the wish for it truly exists on both
sides. As for his side, he bears "tes
timony to the fact that Russia wants
to co-operate," and to support his
point he expresses the hope that such
co-operation will yet be forthcoming
on one of the most crucial issues of
our time—what he calls the "very
great matter" of harnessing the
atom for peace with international
inspection and control. In his judg
ment, "Things are leading up to it."
Encouraging as all this may sound,
however, the hard fact is that
events up to now have run largely
r.mint,pr t.n Promior ί
mony. To cite but a few instances,
the Soviet Union has held aloof from
the World Bank, from the current
trade conference at Geneva, and
from other projects for international
economic reconstruction. Similarly,
with the exception of satellite Po
land, it has been alone among the
powers in blocking progress toward
atomic control, and much the same
may be said of its position—as report
ed yesterday—regarding a United
Nations police force. Above all,
wholly apart from the record ap
plying to such places as' Korea,
Greece and Turkey, there is the rec
ord of the recent Moscow Confer
ence. Stated simply, it is the record
of one member of the Big Four
frustrating the effort of the three
other members to get on with the
peace-making and put Europe back
on its feet. Mr. Stalin himself has
acknowledged that the continent is
in "very bad shape"; yet Mr. Molo
tov, his Foreign Minister, seems to
have done his best to keep it that
way—a fact feeding the suspicion
that Russia's aim is to spread its
dominance by promoting chaos.
Conceivably, this suspicion may be
unjustified. But Soviet actions for
months past—both in front of and
behind the "iron curtain" which
Generalissimo Stalin insists on
maintaining—do not add up to a pic
ture of Russia wanting to co-oper
ate. On the contrary, they add up
to a picture of Russia playing a lone
wolf role in a temper of self-elected
isolation. Until all this begins to
change, statements like those made
by Mr. Stalin to Mr. Stassen must
accordingly be subject to a doubting
Thomas attitude. Meanwhile, we
can only hope—and there is still rea
son enough to hope—that the fine
words this time will be followed by
concrete deeds of the same spirit.
Radar For Airliners
One of the reasons given for the
continued delay in equipping com
mercial airliners with radar is the
fact that wartime radar installations
on military planes were so heavy and
bulky as to make them impracticable
for civil aviation. To meet this ob
jection, Howard Hughes, principal
stockholder of Trans-World Airlines,
has developed a simplified radar in
strument that promises to be the an
swer to a ι fog-bound aviator's
prayers.
In a demonstration at Los Angeles
for newsmen, Mr. Hiighes > showed
how his sixteen-pound electronic
"eye" would flash an amber-light
warning to a pilot when his plane
comes within two thousand feet of
a mountain peak, building or other
obstruction. When the plane ap
proaches within five hundred feet of
such an object, a red light will flash
and a horn will sound. Mr. Hughes
demonstrated the device aboard a
TWA Censtellation, which he
threaded among ranges of the Topa
topa Mountains, popularly known to
airline pilots as a plane "graveyard."
Military radar equipment for
planes weighed approximately
seven hundred pounds, was extreme
ly large and required specially
trained crew members to operate it.
The new instrument is not only light
I but relatively cheap and requires no
special operator. Demands for such
a fog and night-penetratihg device
have been increasing as a result of
the series of air disasters last win
ter—some of which possibly could
have been averted had the pilots
befn forewarned by radar of theii^
imminent approach to mountains or
other obstacles. If the Hughes
equipment proves to be practicable
for regular airline use. the- number
of accidents caused by blind flying
should be materially reduced.
Virginia in Spring
Dr.- Katharine Lee Bates, in her
poem in praise of America the
Beautiful had reference, of course,
to the whole Nation, but it is patent
from even a casual reading of the
first stanza that she was well ac
quainted with Virginia. The words
"purple mountain majesties above
the fruited plain" apply to the Old?
Dominion perfectly. In spring as
well as autumn the country between
the Potomac and* the Roanoke is
glorious to grateful human eyes.
The Apple Blossom Festival at Win
chester annually calls attention to
the burgeoning orchards of Fred
erick County, but it also serves to
"educate" throngs of visitors con
cerning the natural charm of the
whole State.
This year particularly the vernal
season in Virginia has been, mar
velous to behold. Perhaps profes
sional meteorologists, skilled as they
are in the mysteries of weather, can
tell why the hills and the valleys
from the Iron Gate to the sea are
so rich just now. Winter let go" its '
icy hold rather later than usual in
1ΛΑΠ T4- *««« V- i
that every bush seems crowded with
leaves and blooms luxuriant beyond
adequate description. The dogwood
in the Shenandoah runs in tidal
waves; the Judas trees follow every
stream with garlands of mixed pink
and purple; the violets of all three
shades, daisies, bluets, dandelions,
false rue anemone and scores of
other ground flowers make a carpet
excelling the most costly Orientals.
Up the face of the Rainbow Rocks
near Clifton Forge climbs a tapestry
of shrubs and vines incredibly col
orful and fragrant.
Over the all-inclusive picture last
night long lines of people from
Washington and the North, return
ing from pilgrimage into the Vir
ginia paradise, sped through ancient
hills alternately drenched by rain
and by the light of the moon at its
extreme diameter. The experience
was one to remember. So it must
have been as far back as 1585, when
Ralph Lane wrote to Richard Hak
liiyt, concerning the colony named
for Elizabeth: "No realm in Chris
tendom were comparable to it."
It seems less remarkable that in- j
ternational affairs still are in turmoil
when we remember how hard it still
is to buy a good white shirt at a
reasonable price.
Most οί us, too old to be supported
by parents and too young to be
supported by a Government old-age
pension, are up against what might
be called the '* 'tween age" problem.
This and That
By Charles E. Tracewell.
It was a rainy morning when the blue
Jays started their nest.
They selected a site out on the end
of a long cut bough, where new sprouts
were forming.
This made a neat position, but put the
nest right out m the open, as if it were
on the prow of a ship.
The tree was a locust.
The bough once had curved over the
driveway, but a thunderstorm broke off
the end.
This left half, the end coming Just
above the middle of the drive, about 5
feet from the front of the house, and
some 30 feet from the sidewalk.
# * * * '
When the mother jay started the nest,
the rain was just beginning to fall.
And what do you suppose she brought
as the very first bit of building material?
A long strip of tissue!
When she came flying in, with this
long streamer flying behind her, she
made an odd appearance.
The wetness did not worry her at all.
She crammed the paper down with
her bill, and worked it around with her
feet and tail until she had wadded It
into a ball.
This was the base of her structure.
* * * ♦
Old Man Jay performed no useful
work, as far as could be seen.
He contented himself with perching
a few feet above the busy mother bird.
There he would bend his knees, from
tune to time, and let out a characteristic
squawk. .
What bold, eager birds these axe!
Looting alike, one scarcely to be told
from the other, either in size or colora
tion, the jays are good parents.
No species guards the young any bet
ter, unless it be the mocker.
Even one of those bold fellows can
scarce outdo a blue jay when it comes
to guarding both mother and babies.
* * * *
The mother bird next flew away to
secure some fine twigs.
These she brought in one at a time,
and carefully placed in the 'chosen
place, above the paper, the sticks poking
out.
Just why the paper, it was hard to
see, unless simply as a base for the
superstructure.
Perhaps she simply noticed it, and
the whiteness appealed to her. Mother
birds have their own peculiar likes and
dislikes.'
The nest took her the bettor part of
three days to build.
* * * *
The rain hadn't been very hard, after
all, and the sun came out when she
began to lay.
She laid one egg a day. for four days.
Usually the number varies from three
to six. They are a pale dull olive, spot
ted or blotched with darker olive.
It is now or never, for this year's jay
children, for the jays often have but
one brood a year (but sometimes two).
The mother is now brooding. She will
take about 16 days.
Her position will not be so prominent
in a little while, when the sprouts
around the nest leaf out.
But robins and others have spotted
her on her jutting prow of a site.
Every now and then her mate must
chase one of them away.
Squirrels, too, will offer to molest her.
This is all a part of nature, and
causes the mother jay no particular
perturbation, as far as can be seen; so
human watchers should not be too con
cerned about it.
The probabilities are that at least one
of ~ the jay babies will fall out of the
nest. Young jays are always doing
that
It will be a comparatively easy matter
to put him back, for the nest can be
reached with a stepladder,'
Letters to The Star
Mr. Ickes Answers Complaint
From Ambassador Sacasa
To the Editor of The Star:
In & letter published in Hie Star of
April 25, Dr. Guillermo Sevilla Sacasa,
Ambassador of Nicaragua In Washing
ton, takes me to task for certain refer
ences which I made to the recent tftca
rauguan election In my column of April
21.
In it, the Ambassador tells me that
I have been "ill-informed" and "mis-led
by some interested party." I might point
out that Dr. Sevilla Sacasa, himself, as
Somoza's envoy to the United States and
as a close relative by marriage, by no
stretch of the imagination can be con
sidered a disinterested party in any mat
ter pertaining to the Somoea regime.
The Ambassador chides me for saying
that Government Party adherents voted
first in El Viejo and "then were hurried
to Managua, the capital, where they
voted again." He says that these two
communities are "separated by a dis
tance of many kilometers · · * and
that there is neither a highway nor air
service connecting them." He does ad
mit, however, that there is a railroad be-'
tween these two points. Actually, a voter
could have been at the polls in El Viejo
from 7 am. on, when they opened, leave
El Viejo by train by 8:30 am. and be In
Managua, about 80 miles distant, by 1:30
pm. in time to vote again. These are
the departure and arrival times and the
distance that appear on the timetables
of the Pacific Railroad of Nicaraugua.
The Ambassador adds that all voters
were duly Identified at the polls. By
whom? According to American corre
spondents who covered the elections, the
opposition was permitted to have
watchers, but the watchers were denied
the right to challenge registrants, pro
test irregularities or take part in the
election proceedings. In short, all of the
identifying of voters was in the hands of
government partisans.
It Is true, as the Ambassador points
out, that the opposition won In Managua.
I did not say that it had not. But one
of the reasons for this opposition victory
in the capital may have been the pres
ence of American newspapermen and
other neutral observers.
Two Libéral Parties.
The Ambassador Insists that the
Liberal Party has enjoyed a majority In
Nicaraugua, "so that no one can be
surprised at the defeat of Dr. Aguado,
who was supported by the Conserva
tive Party." I might ask to what Liberal
Party he refers, because there are two in
Nicaraugua—the rump Liberal Nation
alist Party which supports Gen. Somoza,
and the Liberal Independent Party
which was denied the right to appear
on the ballot after it had collected more
than 25,000 signatures on a petition to
be recognized as a political party? And
this Is not a figure to be sniffed at, in a
country where fewer than 150,000 went
to the polls.
It should also be noted that Dr. Agua
do was the joint candidate of the Lib
eral Independent a.nd Conservative Par
ties, and not just the candidate of the
Conservatives.
The Ambassador makes light of the
cards distributed to voters who had sup
ported the government candidate. Those
cards bore the inscription "I voted for
Dr. Arguello," and were to be shown to
employers on the following day. I
think that a New York Times dis
patch on that point is of interest. It
reads, in part, "The most damning evi
dence of the Government Party's tactics
was the distribution of orange cards to
every man who voted for Dr. Arguello
(the government candidate.) The cards
bore the candidate's picture and the
words, Ί voted for Arguello.' Obviously,
they could constitute a political receipt
of prize value for jobholders and favor
seekers."
I agree that the election was held on
the day provided by the Constitution
of Nicaragua, but I am not willing to
grant that Gen. Somoza had served
only six years—the term specified in
the Constitution. Actually, the general
had served ten years in all, from his
seizure of power by force in 1936 to the
election of 1947. And, since the Am
bassador seems so anxious to stress the
legality of the election, I should like
to ask why returns were not published
for seven dayl after the election, when
the laws of Nicaragua require their
publication within 24 hours of the clos
ing of the polls. '
I do not deny that Dr. Arguello may
be, in every respect, the estimable gentle
man that the Ambassador holds him out
to be. But Gen. Somoza himself publicly
boasted that he had hand-picked his
candidate, and he told an audience sev
eral days before the election that
"Whether you like it or not, Dr. Arguello
will be the next President of Nicaragua."
The Ambassador rejoices that while
Gen. Somoza was absent from the
country, no strikes or political upris
ings took place there. That was to be
expected, ©en. Somoza did not take
his National Guard with him, and he
has admitted that the National Guard
is his main support.
HAROLD L. ICKES.
Action Defended in Action
To the Editor of The Star:
In The Star recently there appeared
a report that people were shy of the
word "action" In the name of the
Women's Action Committe for Lasting
Peace because a CIO political committee
has the same term in its designation. It
tthe term) was referred to as "extremely
radical, not to say subversive."
Of all foolish and ignorant notions,
this seems to take the cake! In the
name of the dictionary and common
sense, the word "action" means "doing"
or "effecting." Aware of the general
tendency of members to get lazy or com
placent about a cause, the Women's
Action Committee for Lasting Peace has
the wise idea of putting accomplishment
by "doing" in front of its members.
Why want peace if we are not going to
be active ithe verb for "action") in help
ing'bring it about?
Instead of finding fault with a strong,
vital word and mixing it up with those
who have an equal right to any
word in the English language, why
not study Its meaning as applied to the
cause? One might Just as well say the
wqrd "united," used for many question
able organizations, is confounding the
United States or the United Nations.
In this land of liberal education, it is
high time that people refrained from
making a wrong out of a right (or vice
versa) or a double meaning where a
single one is put forth. Such action
looks much like Nazi propaganda for
upsetting everything and everybody.
The Women's Action Committee for
Luting Peace has the right idea, as
voiced at their recent banquet at the
Mayflower when Oen. Eisenhower and
Mrs. Roosevelt were the main speakers.
viz: inas witnout eacn ana au accepting
their personal responsibility for that
which can bring peace and doing some
thing about It, there will be no Jaetlnj
peace. ι
Now, find fault with this action, 11
you can ! M. LINDSAY-OLIVER.
Praise for Mr. Horan
To the Editor of The Star:
What this Nation needs is a few more
i men like Congressman Walt Horan of
I Wenatchee, Wash.—men who are sin
| cerely interested in protecting and
I safeguarding the welfare of its citizens
as well as protecting public tax funds
(a public service frequently omitted).
As a former resident of the State of
Washington, I want to express grati
tude to that State for sending to our Na
tion's Capital a public official capable of
more than mere lip service and demon
strating public responsibility to both his
home State and the Natkm.
Η. E. FRIEDMAN.
New Life Table
To the Editor ol The Star:
In Sunday edition of The Star (April
27) there was an item headed "Life
Policy Table Reset—Insurance Basis
Will Undergo Change," by George
Tucker.
I wish to advise that this article Is
not wholly true, as the Equitable Life
Insurance Co. of Iowa went over on this
basis, using the Commissioners' Stand
ard Ordinary Table of Mortality, begin
ning March 1, 1946.
In the body ofi the article It state·—
I ne new pattern applies oniy 10 policies
issued on or after January 1, 1948," and
.urther states that as a result oi amend
ments to State laws, It would go Into
effect in about 40 States on January 1,
meaning January 1, 1948.
Out of 494 companies, our company
ranked 33d as of January 1, 1946, and
operates in 28 States, including Njew
York, Massachusetts and Connecticut,
and we belong to the Life Presidents'
Association, which makes this article
very misleading as it leads people to
believe that all life insurance companies
are going over on the new basis as of
January 1, 1948, when there is one com
pany in tune with the times and has
given its people the break they so justly
deserve.
JOSEPH E. RICE, General Agent.
Tough Situation, Indeed
Te the Editor of The Star:
Re: J. Kanost letter, "For G Is Only."
Just where does he get the idea that OI·
or ex-GIs are getting all the gravy?
It happens that I am one of the many
G Is who returned from overseas to find
all the jobs in my trade taken by non
veterans. So I went back Into the serv
ice and for over a year I've tried to
find a place here to move my family
into without any success.
But believe me, my nooveteran friend,
if I were footloose like you, I'd get out
of Washington like a rocket taking off.
I've been separated from my wife
and family for five years. It'· getting
difficult to remember what they looked
111». Λ GI AND/OR EX-GX
; '
Rebuilding a City
Urban Redevelopment Experiment Here,
Appropriation of Authorized Funds
By Rudolph Kaufftnann II
Three-fourths of a large block in Southeast Washington had been
thoroughly rotted out because of the existence—on the interior of the
square~-of the section's largest, most insanitary and most dangerous
alley community, Navy place (shown above). The National Capital
Housing Authority acquired the site, removed the street and alley slums
and erected a modern, low-rent housing property to accommodate 217
families. Today the only visible sign of the former slum is the name
of Navy place on a lamp post on Seventh street, shown in the lower
picture. It is this type of urban reconstruction which will be possible
under the District's new law, discussed in the accompanying article.
But the new law does everything to encourage such redevelopment by
private enterprise rather thdn by any public housing agency.
—Photos by National Capital Housing Authority.
A few weeks ago The Star printed
three articles in this space to show
why modern cities are made up more
and more oi deteriorated neighborhoods;
how people are trying to get away from
congestion, crowding, noise and traffic
hazards. Such conditions cause blight
and blight makes cities less and less able
to support themselves.
A program to counteract this trend
is about to start in Washington. It^ls
the Capital's new long-range land re
development program, made possible by
an act of Congress last summer.
This program awaits congressional ac
tion on two requests lor Federal funds.
One of these Is for $95,000 to give
the National Capital Park and Planning
Commission necessary manpower to
draft an up-to-date master plan of
Washington, something the city has
needed for more than a decade. Hear
ings on this request have been held
by the Independent Offices Subcommit;
tee of the House Appropriations Com
mittee. The committee's decision is
not yet known.
The other is for some of the $20,000,
000 revolving fund authorized by the
act to finance the work of the city'·
new Redevelopment Land Agency.
Once armed with funds, the agency
can start rebuilding the city's blighted
areas according to blueprints worked
out by the planning commission—a
process likely to take many years but
that promises much benefit.
Tfiis master planning—rebuilding pro
gram is a good deal more than "slum
clearance."
How Plan Will Work.
Here's how it is expected to work:
The preventive of future "blight" is
the master plan. It will attempt to
show what is needed to prevent the
spread of blight to the part of Wash
ington not now affected. The master
plan will Include the location of Gov
ernment buildings, for this determines
where people are going to work, where
they are going to Ιίγε and how they
are going to get from home to work
and back.
where the people work ana live de
termines the location of highways, park
ing facilities, utilities, schools, stores,
industry, railroads, parks, playgrounds.
So these considerations will also be
Included in the master plan, along with
review of the zoning plan as well as
changes in the component parts of the
city, like highways.
If a highway is allowed to cu:
through the heart of a residential
neighborhood, the neighborhood be
comes noisy and unsafe and its resi
dents want to move away. If busi
ness is located too close to homes, the
same thing is apt to happen. If there
is no place to park where parking is
needed, this, too, contributes to making
a blighted neighborhood.
All the many plans now in the works—
the District's highway plans, the Board
of Education's school plans, the Na
tional Park Service's park plans, the
Public Buildings Administration's Fed
eral building plans, and so on—will be
drawn on heavily to make the new
master plan.
Much of this plan has already been
completed by the planning commission;
but it exists piecemeal like the sections
of a jigsaw puzzle. This time, it is
to be fitted together and published so
every one can take a good look.
The act insists that the commission
make this plan before the cure of rede
velopment is applied. That makes the
master plan fundamental. When the
master plan is finished, detailed plans
to rebuild the parts of the city already
affected by blight will be made.
Public Hearings Scheduled.
Whole neighborhoods will be planned
at one time. Each plan frill be sent
to the District Commissioners for ap
proval, after a public hearing. Then
the new land agency will be given the
plan to put into effect.
The agency will acquire the blighted
land with money appropriated for the
$20,000,000 revolving fund. Then it will
lease or sell the land to private rede
velopment companies, or, in case these
aren't interested, to the National Capital
Housing Authority.
Redevelopers must reconstruct the
neighborhoods according to the ap
proved plan.
The result will be new neighborhoods
that *re likely to be a revelation to many
persons familiar with present day Wash
ington.
There are likely to be fewer streets.
Those that remain will not be the
kind that attract through traffic. Many
are likely to be mere cul-de-sacs, to
serve the needs of local property owners
only.
Enough land will be reserved in each
for new schools, much larger play
grounds, neighborhood parks and other
public facilities. Each is likely to be
served by a carefully zoned shopping
center.
The houses and apartments won't be
fancy. But they will be much less
crowded together. There will be decent
plumbing, enough air and sunlight to
make people satisfied with living In them.
These neighborhoods can be taxed
properly; can contribute to the support
of the community, as healthy tissue con
;ributes to the strength of the body.
If they can be cured in this way; if the
master plan can prevent other neighbor
hoods from following in their footsteps,
not onty the $95,000 waiting for a green
light, but also the $20,000,000 to come,
will continue to pay dividends to the
community for years to come.
Atom's Use in Peace
World Control Would Permit
Development for Good
By Dorothy Thompson
A survey of any one day's papers shows
the depth of the International crisis—and
indicates, too, where the remedy lies.
The international crisis Is spiritual,
political and economic.
It is spiritual because the whole world
Is ridden by a guilt complex; by the blood
of millions of the ^world's guiltless-—the
youth; by the continuance of the very
crimes which they died to purge from
the world—slavery, terrorism, national
egotism; by abysmal suffering' every
where outside the Americas.
It is political because of widespread
consciousness that the political forms at
the last century ara Inadéquat· to the
government of an anarchical world; thai
the United Nations structure lads the
foundations essential to that degree of
governance necessary to prevent war;
because of general disillusionment with
all politloel ideologies as they are pres
ently expressed In practice.
Most contemporary thinkers would put
the international economic crisis first.
If we put it third, It is because of our
conviction that the Bible Is truer than
Karl Marx as a Judge of priorities—
when it says that those who seek first
the Kingdom of God have all the other
things added unto them.
Atomic Power Co«U San World.
If the leaders of the great powers in
the United Nations really knew that
war has to stop, and forever; if they
understood with white-hot clarity that
the stopping of war is Impossible in a
world of divided, war-making powers;
if they realized that indiscriminate mass
murder, involving the disintegration of
the very forces of the planet, Is the ful
fillment of the apocalyptic vision of the
end of the world—then they would be
so overcome with awe that every Ideol
ogy would fade Into insignificance before
the fact that they hold responsibility
for the continued existence of organic
life itself.
With war out of the world forever,
the force that should drive it out would
save it—namely, atomic energy.
The world economic crisis and the na
tional economic competitions driving to
ward war are primarily due to fuel.
Nature has not equally distributed coal
ànd oil. Forty-eight million Italians lack
both; the German Ruhr is a bone of
contention because it has coal; the Mid
dle East is of importance tp everybody
because it contains the world's greatest
oil reserves.
Need for Fuel Is Grave.
Great Britain's crisis is a fuel crisis.
An exhausted people there were told
only this week that they must abandon
modern forms of home heating—gas and
electricity. The results of a lack of fuel
in Berlin last winter have not even been
described, for not only did people free»
but water pipes burst, toilets could not
be used, the most primitive sanitation
was revived.
Yet there exists a source of fuel energy
which is inexhaustible, recreating Itself,
and capable therefore of removing
misery, want and a prime cause of war
itself. This universal source is, ironically,
imprisoned in a vicious circle. Its de
velopment is halted by fear of war. Pea*
of war prevents the abolition of a cause
of war. War threatens all civilizations—
democratic, Fascist, Communist—and
none of them has so far been bold
enough to draw the obvious deduction*
break the circle and liberate mankind.
International control of atomic energy
puts the cart before the horse. It will
never be possible as long as separate
states possess warmaking powers. The
abolition of warmaking powers, with
proper policing against ail armies—of
any kind—would remove every argument
for secrecy. And It would win the ap
plause of every ordinary person on this
planet. What then Is holding It back?
Where are you, gentlemen, who hold
all life in your hands?
(Released by the Bell Syndicate. lot.)
Oil for the Lamps
Prom the New Orleans Timej-Picayun·.
The production from large oil proper
ties belonging to Mr. and Mrs. H. H.
Cullen of Houston, Tex., has been as
signed to a foundation for the aid of
educational, medical and charitable In
stitutions. Mr. Cullen has estimated the
probable total yield at anywhere from
30,000,000 to 80,000,000 barrels; and
though its evaluation in cash, through
future market fluctuations, is an Idle
enterprise, it can readily be seen that
enormous sums will be available for
philanthropic purposes.
This is by no means the first hand
some Cullen benefaction; but it marks
the enrollment of the Cullen name high
on the list of the nation's greatest givers,
and adoption of a time-proved plan Off
nontrnllpd inritHrms anrl /<nn<ttnu>Hv»
philanthropy. It Is particularly appro·
prlate the endowment should be in
terms of oil. For It means that this
irreplaceable treasure of the subsoil,
consumed from day to day sometimes In
most wasteful fashion, will at least flow
back Into the care, repair and Improve
ment of those human resources which
constitute the hope and the power of
any nation.
Mr. Cullen's philosophy is simple. He
and Mrs. Cullen did not need these
riches. Their four children and 10
grandchildren, already provided for, do .
not need them. Why not, as he put it,
enjoy during their remaining lifetime
the evolution of the good and fruitful
things such wealth can create or Initi
ate? Mr. Cullen was pleased to call this
an act of selfishness, and we will not
quarrel with that viewpoint. Someone
else has termed it a high expression of
"Intelligent capitalism."
But lest this be considered purely an
example of what the rich can do with
riches, let It be noted that Mr. Cullen's
record for giving, in proportion to or
even in excess of his ability, goes back
far past his millionaire days, to a period
when subsisting was a constant struggle.
A remark he made several years ago to
Bishop A. Frank Smith is worth repeat
ing because of its universal application:
"A man who doesn't give when he has a
little never gives when he has a lot."
Time Is α Beast
Time fleet to fatt; the urgent moment»
press
With hard expectancy against the
mind.
Geared to the clock, our heartt to
breathiessnest
Can grasp but tplintered seconds end
can find
No peace in these; the earth spins on
instead
Nor curbs itt stride that mankind may
survey
The path behind him, or the one ahead.
So paced, the hours aggregate to day
So goaded, days pile up into the years
And these dissolve and crumble at the
touch
While memory eyes the record as it peer»
Into the pût and charges off so much
For att his mattery, man must be
ashamed
Time i» m beast that he hat never tamed.
t LUCILLE ft. JACKS<ft?.

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