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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 06, 1947, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy today; high near M this afternoon.
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Temperature· today—High, M, at IS:M p.m.;
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90th YEAH. Κ». 57,est Phon* MA. WOO
Taber Demands
Cleanup of U. S.
Cultural Setup
Opposes Funds to
Extend Program of
State Department
By Gamttt D. Horner
Chairman Taber of the House
Appropriations Committee said
today the State Department's
international information and
cultural affairs program would
have to be "cleaned up" before
he would approve providing any
money to continue it beyond
June 30.
He denounced as "camouflage" a
conference late yesterday at which
Secretary of State Marshall empha
sized to him and other key members
of Congress the importance of the
program to American foreign policy.
The conference was held soon
after Mr. Taber's committee reported
to the House its refusal to approve
a single penny of the $31,381,220
fund the State Department asked
for Its Office of International Infor
mation and Cultural Affairs to
finance "Voice of America" broad
casts and other OIC activities abroad
during the 1948 fiscal year.
Compromise Reported.
While State Department officials
were basing their hopes largely on
friends in the Senate restoring all
or most of the appropriations, the
Associated Press reported a com
promise that would provide $10,000,
000 for the foreign information pro
gram was in the wind in the House.
Mr. Taber said, "If they had a
cleanup I would be willing to con
sider their needs," but declared he
believed $10,000,000 would be "more
than they need.'*
Representative Stefan, Republican,
of Nebraska, chairman of the House,
subcommittee handling State De
partment appropriations, said he
was "in accord" with Gen. Marshall's
alms, but could not consider voting
for any money for the OIC program
until it was authorized by law.
legislation formally authorizing
thi): "Voice of America" broadcasts
and other OIC activities was passed
by the House last session, but died
In the Senate. The Foreign Affairs
Committee has promised early con
sideration of the bill again this year,
but there is considerable doubt about
Its chances of final enactment in
the rush of other business before
Hopes ruined on senate.
In the absence of authorizing leg
islation, the appropriation can be.
Mocked by a single objection In the
House. State Department officials,
who questioned whether specific
legislation is needed to authorize
the program, hope the Senate will
approve the OIÇ appropriation and
hold out for it in conference with
the House. A conference report
could not be blocked on the same
technicality as the original appro
priation bill in the House.
Mr. Stefan emphasized, however,
that he would be willing to "talk
business" about OIC appropriations
only if the program had "legal
Mr. Taber also listed authorizing
legislation as one of the conditions
for reconsidering the matter, but
his demands for a "cleanup" were
much more far reaching.
"The entire business setup," Mr.
Taber declared, "is atrocious, extrav
agant, and ridiculous.
"If they would get competent peo
ple to run the program instead of
a lot of chairbottomers, they would
get better results."
Evidence Of Communists.
He charged that a notice which
he said was found on a State De
partment bulletin board last month
"•'denouncing President Truman's
efforts to rid the Federal payroll of
Communists indicated there were a
large number of folks of that kind
up there."
Mr. Taber said he would want to
see evidence that the "whole State
Department is pulling in one direc
tion. and not in two." He cited what
he described as a broadcast "glori
fying Henry Wallace at the time
Gen. Marshall was trying his best
to work out a peace with Stalin and
Mr. Wallace was dothg his best to
prevent it," as an instance of what
hé termed pulling in opposite direc
The conference called by Gen.
Marshall at the State Department
yesterday was concerned particu
larly with the "Voice of America"
part of the OIC program, which
also includes operation of American
libraries and information offices
abroad to help spread the story of
America, as well as provisions for
exchange of students, showing of
(See BROADCASTS. Paee A-5.)
Rebels Lose Heavily
In Madagascar Clash
ly th· Associated Press
·'·.·. PARIS. May 6.—Reports of heavy
" rebel lasses during sharp week-end
- fighting between French and insur
" gent forces on the island of Mada
gascar reached here today a few
hours after the French cabinet had
■voted to send fresh troops to quell
the month-old revolt.
" * Dispatches said 150 Malagasy in
surgents had been killed and more
than 100 wounded during the lart
few days in widespread operations
on the 900-mile-long island in the
Indian Ocean ofl the southeast coast
of Africa. Few French casualties
were reported.
Fighting was said to have been
Intense alông the east coast of the
island and in the mountain range
south of Tananarive, the capital,
with both French and Sen&galese
paratroopers engaged in the action.
On April 19 Marcel de Coppet,
French high commissioner in Mada
gascar. told the French National As
sembly that up to that date 100 Eu
ropeans had been killed in the
— revolution.
Disruption of French communica
tions lines appeared to be the pres
ent objective of the natives, who are
seeking independence for the island.
Κ ess·!ring Sentenced to Die
By Shooting tor Massacres
Νβιί Marshal Guilty
Of Wartim· Crimti
Against Italians
ty Ifc· hl»i
VENICE. May «.—A British
military court today sentenced
field Marshal Albert Kesselring,
former supreme Oerman com
mander in Italy, to death by
shooting after convicting him of
war crimes against the Italian
Keaselriag's counsel. Dr. Hans
Laternser, had refused to ask for
clemency after the verdict was an
nounced, saying:
"He expressly asked me not to
address the court any further."
The attorney said later, however,
that he himself would "appeal per
sonally against the sentence."
After announcing the verdict, the
five-man court deliberated 40 min
utes to reach the sentence. When
Kesselring heard the words, trans
lated by the interpreter, he sat
down abruptly in his chair. Then
he was led from the courtroom by
British military police.
C. L. Stirling, the judge advocate,
announced that both the convic
tion and the sentence were sub
ject to review by "the appropriate
military authority"—in this case,
Lt. Gen. Sir John Harding, com
mander of British Central Medi
terranean forces.
Kesselring was convicted on two
counts, one of them accusing him
of responsibility for the Ardeatine
Caves massacre in which 335 Ital
ians died in reprisal for the kill
ing of 32 German police troops.
The second count charged him
with inciting his troops to excesses
in fighting partisans.
He was the third German ofl&cer
(See KESSELRING, Page A-5.)
Attempt to Sidetrack
Greek Aid Program
Is Blocked in House
Committee's Procedure
On Measure Upheld by
Vote of 168 to 22
Chairman Eaton of the
House foreign Affairs Com
mittee réad to the House today
a letter from Secretary of
State Marshall saying that
passage of the Greek-Turkish
aid program is a "matter of
greatest urgency." Gen. Mar
shall said his views on the
legislation had been made
"more positive" by the Moscow
Foreign Ministers' conference.
By the Associated Press
The House today blocked a
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tration's $400,000,000 Greek- !
Turkish aid program, and voted !
to press the issue to a showdown !
The decision came on a standing
vote of 168 to 22, by which the
House accepted its Rules Commit
tee's recommendations fixing nine
hours for debate and procedure
leaving the measure wide open for
amendments from the floor.
The vote fajjed to offer an indi
cation of the comparative strength
of those for and against the bill. A
number who have gone on record
against the bill voted to permit its
consideration now.
The Greek-Turkish program came
in for a lambasting in a series of
speeches before even the vote on the
question of adopting the rule.
Mr. Bender termed it a policy that
"can lead only to bankruptcy'' for
the United States.
"Disgraceful Proposition."
Representative Owens, Republi
can, of Illinois said that it would
"leave some one on the short end
of the receiving line—and in my
opinion, it is Uncle Sam, commonly
known as Santa Claus."
Remihltrnn Rir.h Bpnnhllfnn ηf
Pennsylvania declared that support
for the Turkish "dictatorship" is
"the most disgraceful proposition
that Congress has ever been asked
to rubber stamp."
Representative Buffett, Republican,
of Nebraska said it would "enable
Stalin to sit on his front porch and
watch the United States bleed to
death." »
Representative Mathews, Repub
lican, of New Jersey inquired, "Why
not start to combat Communism at
Eaton Urges Approval.
Representative Smith, Republican,
of Ohio contended that It will prove
"a further drain upon our resources"
and will drive away what little hope
remains to avert totalitarianism."
The task of trying to pilot the
measure to passage fell on Chair
man Eaton of the Foreign Affairs
Committee. In a prepared speech
j (See FOREIGN, Page A-6.)
Prompt Ratification j
Of Four Balkan Pacts
Urged by President
Vital to Foreign Policy,
Truman Says in Note
Read to Senate Group
By th· Associated Pr«tt
President Truman declared to
day that the early ratification of
four pending Balkan peace
treaties Is "vital to our foreign
Secretary of State Marshall read
a note to the Senate Foreign Rela
tions Committee, in which Mr. Tru
man said he concurs wholeheartedly
with Gen. Marshall and former Sec
retary James F. Byrnes in urging
speedy ratification of treaties with
Italy, Bulgaria, Hungary and Ro
"It is vital to our foreign policy
that these treaties be promptly rat
ified," Mr. Truman's note said.
The President wrote that the
agreements were results of-months
of work, adding that "nothing has
occurred to render their efforts un
wise or unsound."
Says Inaction Would Be Blow.
Arguing that the United States
should maintain a consistent policy
on such matters, Mr. Truman said,
"It would be a great misfortune and
a blow to this country in world af
fairs" if the treaties are not ratified.
Gen. Marshall told the committee
mjc vvuiiu wuiuu woe αιι vmuiuciiv^
in our proposals and our leadership"
If the Senate falls to ratify the Ital
ian treaty speedily.
The Secretary said he believes the
world situation will "distintegrate*
if the United States now takes a
"backward step" away from ap
proval of the four treaties.
Gen. Marshall said he based his
beliefs on his experience at the Mos
cow Conference of Foreign Minis
Opponents' Arguments Disputed.
He declared there is no logic in
the argument of Italian treaty op
ponents that ratification of the
agreement with that former enemy
would be inconsistent with Presi
dent Truman's announced policy of
bolstering Greece and Turkey
against threats of communism.
Opponents have contended that
the demilitarization of Italy pro
vided in the treaty will leave the
country open to the same sort of
Communist infiltration that Mr.
Truman is attempting to prevent in
Greece and Turkey.
"I see no logic in the argument
with regard to the military force,"
Gen. Marshall said, continuing:
"If we fail to ratify these treaties,
the whole world situation resolves
upon us. The world would lose all
confidence in our proposals and our
leadership if we failed to go through
No Back Tracking, Marshal Says.
Gen. Marshall said it would be
"a very grave error to start to back
track at this point." He added
that opponents seem to presume
that the United States alone can
<See TREATIES, Page A-6.)
Τruman Urges U. S. to Organize
To Combat Further Fire Loss
(Text of Truman's Speech on
Page Α·8.)
President Truman today called
on the Nation to organize against
the menace of fife.
Addressing the opening session of
the National Conference on Pire
Prevention at the Departmental
Auditorium, the President cited the
recent disaster at Texas City as a
case in point, and declared that
unless the present fire rate can be
reduced, the loss for 1947 will be in
excess of $750,000,000.
The three-day conference, called
by the White House January 3,
brought together State and local
officials concerned with fire preven
tion, and representatives of private
organizations. Maj. Gen. Philip B.
, Fleming, Federal Worts Administra
tion, is general chairman.
Mr. Truman said the Federal
Government will do all it can to help
solve the problem "within the frame
work of existing agencies" but he
stressed that "the impetus must
come from the States and from
every community and every individ
ual in the land."
He went on:
"These fires which make the
headlines are only a small frac
tion of the total. Thousands oi
lives are lost annually and tens ol
thousands of people are injured ir
the many less spectacular firet
which occur hour after hour, daj
after day, throughout the year."
A contributing factor, Mr. Tru
man said, "is our legacy of old
construction. Also, we have a com
plexity of building laws fend codes
in some communities, and too few
Egypt Threatens
To Walk Out ο»
Debate in U.N.
Demands Equality for
Palestine Arabs With
Jews Before Assembly
•y tfc· Alloc iat»d Pre*»
6.—Egypt told the United Na
tions today that she would with
draw from the current Palestine j
debates unless the General As
sembly placed the Arab Higher;
Committee for Palestine on the!
same footing as the Jewish ;
This Egyptian announcement camei
in the midst of these rapid develop
1. The Arab Higher Committee j
charged the Assembly with discrim- j
ination and announced withdrawal j
of its request for a hearing in the
Holy Land debate.
2. Lester B. Pearson of Canada,
chairman of the Assembly's 55-na
Mon Political Committee, suggested
that he cable the Arab committee
explaining that there had been a
misunderstanding and asking the
Arab group to reinstate its request.
3. Soviet circles said Russia was
determined to challenge a British
American plan which would exclude
the five big powers from the pro
posed U. N. fact-finding committee
on Palestine.
4—It appeared likely that the Po
litical Committee would invite the
Arab Higher Committee to present
its views to the U. N. despite the
withdrawal of its request.
5—Assembly President Oswaldo
Aranha cabled the Jewish Agency
Executive in Jerusalem asking it to
name witnesses to appear before
the committee. /
Arabs Declared Left Out.
Egyptian Delegate Mahmoud Has
san Pasha, leading the Arab fight,
said the resolution adopted by the
Assembly in New York yesterday
had placed the Arab Higher Com
mittee in a secondary position
Hassan Pasha said the resolution
had specifically instructed the Po
litical Committee to hear the views
of the Jewish Agency, but had left
the decision to the committee as to
whether it would hear other or
ganizations, including the Arab
Hassan Pasha was supported by
Dr. Fadhil Jamaly, Iraq, who sug
gested the best way out was for the
Political Committee to recommend
that the Assembly reopen the ques
tion and take a vote on the Arab
The question was left unsettled
when the committee recessed until
2 p.m. (EST).
Pearson Reads Telegram.
The Political Committee was ready
to act on me Arao committee's re
quest when Chairman Pearson of
Canada read a telegram announcing
the withdrawal.
The new controversy flared up as
Soviet circles said Russia was de
termined to challenge a British
American plan which would exclude
the Ave big powers from the pro
posed U. N. fact-finding committee
on Palestine.
Russia was reported ready to
counter the American-British plan
with one of her own which would
provide for a committee including
the Big Five and about five smaller
nations chosen on a geographic
basis. The Russians would not say
whether they would advocate in
clusion of an Arab state on the
Leaders Disappointed.
Jewish Agency leaders were re
ported disappointed over the limited
committee witness role voted to them
by the Assembly in New York yester
day, but now were hoping for the
fullest possible representation in the
committee hearings.
The Agency was unofficially rep
resented at the outset of the Polit
ical Committee deliberations by itsf
press spokesman-observer.
Before taking up the proposal for
an inquiry committee the Political
Committee had to wind up the con
troversial issue as to what other or
ganizations besides the Jewish
Agency should be heard.
Argentine Delegate Dr. Jose Arce
circulated a resolution before the
morning session proposing that the
committee accept the Assembly's
recommendation that the Jewish
Agency be heard and that the Arabs
of Palestine be represented. Dr.
• Arce's resolution did not mentkW*
' the Arab Higher Committee spe
I cifically.
Neutral Body Favored.
The United States plan for the
committee of inquiry, backed by
Britain called for a small neutral
body composed of countries with no
Palestine connections.
Authoritative sources said a sug
gestion would be made that the in
quiry committee be composed of
Czechoslovakia, Canada, the Nether
lands, Peru, Uruguay, Iran and
The United States was understood
to hold the view that a small com
mittee composed of states not di
rectly concerned in the Palestine
issue would more likely be able to
reach a conclusion favorable to
world opinion than if the five major
powers were represented on it.
Both the United States and Britain
wanted to get down to the business
of establishing an inquiry group im
! A.T.& T. Raises Offer
American Telephone & Tele
graph Co. officials made a new
; wage offer, their highest to
date, to their long lines union
members shortly before recess
ing for two hours this after
noon. Conciliators would not
reveal the exact terms, but
said it "was above all previous
offers." Union officials were
expected to give an answer late
this afternoon.
(Earlier story on Page A-5.)
It's Going to Be the Most Exciting Thing Since Ben Hur
Western High Students Protest
'Pro-Russian' Talk,4Walk Out
Short Demonstration Ends as Principal
Tears Down Signs Placed on School Grounds
(Picture on Page A-3.)
Four Western High School stu
dents, who walked out of an as
sembly this morning because
they thought the speaker was
too "pro-Russian," started a
demonstration which was ended
quickly when the principal
dashed out on the school grounds
and tore down a number of signs
placed by the students.
The principal, Nathaniel A. Dan
Dwsky, said there was no disturbance
in the assembly room and he , was
unaware the four had walked out
until boys and girls began gathering
on the school grounds and adjoin
ing streets
The four students are Virginia
Lanham, 17, of 4522 Lowell street
N. W.; Virginia Marackle, 17, of 3700
Huntington street N.W.;Ruthe Pi
go tt, 18, of 2126 Ν street N.W·, and
Dick Smith, 18, of 2205 Russell road,
Mr. Danowsky said the four drew
signs bearin the inscription^ "Down
with. Russia," which he confiscated.
The school orincipal identified the
speaker as Mrs. Shura Lewis, 33,
who was born and rearedin Russia
and had just completed a lecture
tour of colleges and universities
around the country. He san Mrs.
Lewis spoke for about 35 minutes,
describing the educational system in
Russia and, toward the end of her
talk, "digressed into some political
aspects," which he said he had asked
her not to do,
However, he said, there was noth
ing actually wrong with thé speech,
althoughhe considered that by im
plication it did say that the Russian
system was superior to the American
system ok school* and living.
About tW Western students milled
around while the principal wax tak
ing away the signs, bat there was no
disturbance, and most of the stu
dents and teachers were not aware
of what was going on.
Mr. Danowsky said no disciplinary
action is planned because he ex
pected the students to let «s men
and women rather than as boys
and girls. .
Misé Marackle, one of the four
Witness Asserts May
Asked Army to Give
Garssons Big Contract
Former Ordnance Aide
Tells of Being Called to
Representative's Office
By Robert K. Walsh
Former Representative-Andrew
J. May urged the Army Ordnance
Department in March, 1943, to
give a "nice big contract" to
Garsson munitions companies, a
former colonel in the office of
the chief of ordnance testified
in District Court this afternoon.
The witness, Henry B. Sheets, now
a buffalo banker, also told how May
sent Henry M. Garsson to see him
about getting another shell contract
to replace one which the War De
partment had cut back on Batavia
Metal Products, Inc., and Erie
Basin Metal Products, Inc., Illinois
affiliates of the Garsson chain.
Mr. Sheets testified also that May
called him to the House Office
Building a few days, later and told
him that he "didn't see why the
Garssons couldn't, get a contract."
May at that time was chairman of
the House Military Affairs Com
May is on trial with Henry and
Murray Garsson and Joseph F.
Freeman, Washington agent for the
Çarssons, on indictments of con
spiracy to defraud the United States.
The flAvarnmont. rlriovoums fViot ΊΜαν '
took money from the Garssons in
return for wartime favors he ob
tained for them.
Protest Is Recalled.
Before Mr. Sheets took the stand
Col. Otto M. Jack, who has been
stationed since 1942 in the office of
the chief of ordnance, told Justice
Henry A. Schweinhaut and the jury
how May telephoned him on May
14, 1945, to protest against a cut
back from 25,000 to 10,000 shells in
a War Department contract with
the Batavia Co.
"I think they ought to have as
many as 16,000 anyway, and I don't
think it's fair to cut them back,"
May told Col. Jack, according to a
telephone conversation transcrip
tion read to the jury.
Col. Jack said he told May that
the cutback order had been made
by Brig. Gen. Roeswell E. Hardy,
then assistant chief of ordnance,
and that the decision was final.'
Tells of Garsson Visit.
Mr. Sheets, who in March, 1943,
was chief of the Districts Adminis
tration Division in the Office of the
Chief of Ordnance, testified that
Henry Garsson came to see him
March 25, 1943, and said he had
been sent over by May.
Garsson complained, according to
•Mr. Sheets, that a large contract
with the two Illinois companies had
been cut beck and that he "hadnt
got any satisfaction" in his efforts
to convince Ordnance Department
officials in Chicago to give his com·
■ parses another contract.
Mr. Sheets said he told Garsson
(See GAR8SOH, Page Α-β.)
t .
Senate Votes Transfer
Of Juveniles to District
Court in Capital Cases
Action on Hebert Bill
To Control Firearms
Here Delayed by Cooper
The 8enate today passed and
sent to the White House for sig
nature one of the Hebert bills
designed to strengthen crime
control in the National Capital.
The measure authorizes the judge
of Juvenile Court to transfer to Dis
trict Court cases of Juveniles· ac
cused of capital offenses.
Action by the Senate on another
of the crime control bills, however,
was delayed at the request of Sen
ator Cooper, Republican, of Ken
tucky, member of the Senate Dis
trait Committee. This bill would
permit arrest and search of persons
police have reason to believe are un
lawfully carrying concealed weapons.
These and other measures were
reached by the Senate in a call of
the consent calendar.
Airport roucing Approvefl.
Passed and sent to the White
House are bills to provide for po
licing of National Airport and to or
der the removal of the stone piers
in West Executive avenue, near the
White House, said to be traffic
TTie airport bill gives police pow
ers to guards at the airport and
authorizes the Civil Aeronautics Au
thority to make use of members of
the Park Police force when neces
The Senate passed and sent to
the House for consideration the
Buck bill to pern^t merging of
small trust funds for investment
purposes, and a measure to permit
temporary use of District traffic reg
ulations in the Capitol Grounds.
Chairman Buck of the Senate
District Committee announced this
(See D. C. BILLS, Page A-S.)
Irate Georgetown Group Hits
D. C. Heads on Smoke Control
An angry group of Georgetown
citizens today accused the Com
missioners of breaking their promise
with respect to controlling flying
ashes from the city incinerator at
Thirty-flrat and Κ streets N.W, and
threatened to seek removal of re
sponsible District officials unless a
"cure" is found for the situation.
Stanton Kolb, president of the
Georgetown Citizens' Association
and leader of the group, climaxed
a series of arguments by offering tc
"take off my shoes and fight thii
thing out like a mountain boy."
Mr. Kolb rejected a suggestion
from Brig, Gen. Gordon R. Young
Engineer Commissioner, that the
Georgetown residents hire their owr
engineer to furnish a solution tc
the ash problem.
Recalling that District officials ir
IMS had promised erection at »
Georgetown incinerator that would
not cause discomfort to residents oi
the area, Mr. Kolb declared:
"Your offer forces me to concludt
that you admit your promise ha<
been broken when you ask us U
hire our own smoke detective."
Gen. Young thereupon withdrew
the suggestion. He said later th(
only foreseeable means of cutting
down the volume of ash and othei
outpourings from the lncineratoi
stacks was a system of "watei
dampers," and said he would pre»
for Inclusion in the next Distrie
budget estimates of.· $60,000 iten
for such dampers.
Earlier, City Refuse Superinten
dent William A. Xanten told tlx
meeting in the office of Commis
sioner Guy Maaon continued effort!
have been made to control the ast
without avail. He said the city hat
(See SMOKE, Page A-S.)
Commissioners Ready
For Daylight Saving
Hearing Tomorrow
Session Due at 10 A.M.
In Board Room of
District Building
The Commissioners today made
final preparations for the public
hearing at 10 a.m. tomorrow in
the board room of the District
Building at which District citi
zens and those of neighboring
Maryland and Virginia counties
will decide for themselves
whether they want daylight
saving time this summer,
A printed form was prepared for
use by representatives oi nearly 100
organizations who have applied for
permission to speak.
The form provides space for each
individual to oheck in favor of or
oppttped to "fast time" and to give
his name, address and organiza
Priorities Assigned.
The city heads also prepared a
list of organizations, assigning each
priority in the order of their testi
mony. «ccoramg ιο uie nsi, Alex
andria frill be .beard first, followed
by Arlington County, Fairfax Coun
ty, Montgomery County and Prince
Georges County, in that order. Dis
trict spokesmen will follow.
Meantime, citizens continued to
bombard the District Building with
written indications of preference.
Late additions to the list continued
to build up the strong majority in
favor of daylight saving time.
If a majority favors daylight time,
the Commissioners have indicated
they would order clocks set ahead
one hour next Sunday, to remain
their through thé last Sunday in
Local .Option BIO.
The way for Metropolitan Area
residents to decide whether they
wént daylight saving time was
cleared April 30 when President
Truman signed the local option Mc
Grath bill. It gives the Commls
sloners power to order clocks set
ahead if, after a hearing, they
judge it advisable.
Congressional hearings on the
bill, passed by the House, 218 to 145,
and unanimously by the Senate, In
dicated a favorable majority.
Among indications of a majority
sentiihent in favor of daylight sav
ing were two newspaper polls. In
addition, commercial, civic and
recreation spokesmen have record
ed themselves in favor of the
Greeks Charge Albanians
Ambushed Border Patrol
ty fh« Associated Pr«ss
ATHENS, May β.—The Ministry
of War charged today that Albanian
soldiers ambushed and fired on a
Greek patrol in Greek territory. It
said the attack was unsuccessful
and that the Albanians withdrew
after a brief skirmish.
The ministry did not specify the
Dispatches from Northern Greece
reported that a military court at
Lamia condemned 10 persons—in
cluding a woman—to death and sen
tenced 16 others to nfe Imprison
ment for aiding antigovernment
guerrilla forces.
Hospital Center
It B« Mil on
Obsenralorv Site
Navy to Share Land
On Wisconsin Avenu·
For 35 Million Project
By Harold I. Rogers
Washington'· new hocpital
center, authorized by Congress,
will be constructed on part of
the Naval Observatory grounds
between Massachusetts and Wis
consin avenues N.W., it was
learned today.
■ The Navy Department has of
ficially agreed to share its 72-acre
site so that the new center may b·
constructed there.
The part of the site selected for
the center is understood to be on
rolling land, about 30 to 25 acres
facing Wisconsin avenue.
The Navy itself, it was learned,
hopes eventually to move its entire
Observatory to a place in the coun
try, near the city, however. Bujk
no decision has been reached on
tion of finances were revealed.
35 Million Fund Authorised.
Legislation for the giant hospital
center, approved by the last Con
gress, authorized an appropriation
of $35,000,000 for the entire project.
The original units in the new center
are Emergency, Garfield and Epis
copal Hospitals.
An estimate for $2,750,000 to buy
land and draw plans for the center
is pending before the House Ap
propriations Committee in the bud
get for next fiscal year submitted
for the Public Buildings Adminis
tration of the Federal Works
Hearings have been completed on
the supply bill for the independent
offices of the Government, but it
has not been reported to the House.
The Naval observatory site was
selected by officials of the Public
Buildings Administration and a
committee representing the three
hospitals participating.
Ended Long Campaign.
The legislation enacted by the
last session of Congress was the re
sult of a long campaign ctfhducted
by several hospitals here to provide
modern and adequate facilitiea to
replace old structures which were
criticized severely.
The legislation originally had been
drafted to prôvide not only a big
hospital center for the three partici
pating hospitals, but also to enable
other institution» to renovate and
modernize their plants on their old
In the House, however, opponents
of the bill succeeded in striking
from the measure the provision for
hospitals outside the center. The
$35,000,000 authorization, however,
originally intended for both the
center and other hospitals, remained
in the bill which became law.
Outside Projects Abandoned.
A recent move designed to resur
rect the project for aid to hospitals
outside the center was understood
today to have been abandoned at
least temporarily by Its proponents.
This decision was reached, it was
learned, as a result of conferences
between the hospitals and legisla
tive leaders.
The Hospital Center Act set up
financial arrangements between the
hospital corporations participating
and the Government. The Federal
Works Agency, through its Public
Buildings Administration, will han
dle preparation of plans and speci
fications in co-operation with the
hospitals and will supervise con
Old Plants to Be Sold.
The act provided that the value
of the Emergency, Garfield and
Episcopal plants shall be turned
over to the Government. This may
be done either by transfer of the
properties to the Federal Works
Agency direct, or by the hospitals
themselves selling their plants and
turning over the cash to the Gov
ernment. If they sell their property
themselves, it must be at a price to
be determined by the Federal Work·
No specific estimate has been
placed on the actual cost of the
center buildings themselves. This
will depend largely, It was indicated,
on the financial arrangements made
with the Navy about the new site.
The 20 or 25 acre site is believed
by hospital planners to be adequate
for the huge center. It will be
large enough to erect a structure
which will more than double the
combined capacity of all the three
Would Provide 1,506 Beds.
The three participating institu
tions now have beds totaling about
750. The center, thus, would replace
those 750 and provide about 750 In
!»UVUViVU( A VA » UVMH VI awuv X (t»W
The need for the new hospital
center long had been stressed by
the institutions themselves. But
added support was given them by a
health and hospital survey con·
ducted by three out-oi-city, inde
pendent experts for the Metropol
itan Health Council, a unit of th·
Council of Social Agencies.
These experts scored the anti
quated, overcrowded and insanitary
hospitals of the city as a "disgrace
to the Nation." They called for a
tremendous new hospital building
program as a solution to the city's
Milch Appeals to Clay
And Supreme Court
ly th· Associated Press
NEURNBERG, Germany, May β.—
Nazi Field Marshal Erhard Milch )
appealed today to the United States
Supreme Court and to Gen. Lucius
1 D. Clay, American commander in
Germany, against his life sentence
1 for war crimes.
The appeals were submitted
through American war crimes prose
cution channels by Defense Attorney
Friedrich Bergold. Milch was con
victed of recruiting slave labor for
the air force's industrial plante and
; knowingly permitting mistreatment >
of foreign workers.

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