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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 07, 1947, Image 1

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Waather Forecast
Clear acd cooler this afternoon and evening,
with lowest about 42. Tomorrow sunny, with
high about 58.
Temperatures today—High, 67, at 12:18 pjn.:
tow, 49, at 2:38 a.ra. Yesterday—High, 68,
at 4:18 p.m.; low, 51, at 3:52 ain.
(Full Report on Pan A-Ï.)
Closing Ν. Y. Markets—Sales, Page A-21.
95th YEAR. "No. 57,622 Phone NA. 5000.
Maintenance Union
Accepts C. & P. Raise;
Operators Still Out
Some Workers
Return Despite
Affiliate's Pickets
The 30-day dispute of the Dis
trict Federation of Telephone
Workers was settled early today
when the Chesapeake & Potomac
Telephone Co. agreed to $2 to
$4 weekly increases for 3,400 em
Although union policy opposed
crossing picket lines of the still
itriking Washington Telephone Traf
fic Union (operators), the company
reported that 358 workers returned
this morning and now more than
3,000 bargained-for employes of all
classifications are on the job.
Most of these are DFTW mem
bers who had trickled back to work
during the strike, leaving a minority
of the membership still idle, the
company said.
Working through the night after
the company tendered its wage of
fer—first since negotiations began
last January—the conferees an
nounced the settlement at 5 a.m.
"Die agreement was initialed by
Helery Robinson, DFTW president,
and C. H. Johnson, company au
ditor, preliminary to drawing up a
formal contract later in the day.
Loses on Maintenance of Dues.
The one-year agreement provides
for $4 a week raises for 80 per cent
of the workers, including mainte
nance, accounting and commercial
groups. The union also won some
concessions in differential Day and
holidays, but gave in to a company
demand replacing present mainte
nance of dues security for the vol
untary checkoff.
Originally, the union had asked a
$12 weekly wage increase, along
with the National Federation of
Telephone Workers' 10 national de
mands, and some 15 other local de
mands. Most of these items will be
ignored when the present contract
is rewritten with little alteration.
How soon all the DFTW members
return to work hinged on settlement
of the WTTU strike.
Meeting Scheduled Today.
A meeting for this group, which
began last night, recessed until 1:30
p».m. today at the Carlton Hotel.
Thus far the company has offered
no increase in wages and the union
has asked $6 a week, but a company
spokesman said one might be made
J, B. Morrison, C. & P. vice presi
dent and general manager, said the
wagi adjustments would cost the
company approximately $594,000 a
He said the increases would "re
sult in a substantial reduction in
the company's net earnings.
"The Washington company has
launched a record-breaking con
• -struction program and careful con
Biuciawuii uiusi ue given ΙΟ Uie
effect of this wage increase on our
earnings situation if we are to at
tract the necessary new capital
irom investors," he added.
The new agreement was an
nounced as the American Telephone
& Telegraph Co.'s long-lines divi
sion also appeared to be nearing a
settlement with the American Union
of Telephone Workers. With the
company offering $4.36 a week, or
10.9 cents per hour to the 20,000 jong
distance workers in 42 States, there j
Wvis strong indication of a compro
mise today.
When the long-lines negotiators
called a recess at midnight, the
union was still holding out for the
Three Killed, Six Missing
In British Mine Blast
By the Associated Press
BARNSLEY, England. May 7.—At
least three miners were killed today
and six others were missing and be
lieved dead in an explosion in
Barnsley's biggest coal mine.
Twenty-five injured men were
taken to hospitals.
First reports blamed a short cir
cuit in an electric line for the blast.
It was the first disaster in Britain
mines since the government took
over ownership last January 1.
Barnsley, a town of about 70.000,
Is in Southern Yorkshire, about 40
miles east of Manchester.
Nine miners were killed in the
same pit in February. 1942, attempt
ing to seal off an area which had
caught fire.
Truman to Celebrate
Birthday Tomorrow
President Truman will be 63 to
morrow, the third birthday anni
versary he has passed in the White
His first birthday anniversary in
the White House in 1945 was sig
nalized by the collapse of Germany.
The President is making a hurried
trip to Missouri Sunday to spend
Mother's Day with his mother at
her home in Grandview. The 94
year-old Mrs. Martha Truman has
been bedridden since February when
she broke her right hip in a fall.
The President plans an early de
parture in his personal plane, and
will return to Washington around
dinner time Sunday night.
On Saturday night he will attend
the spring dinner of the Gridiron
Club at the Hotel Statler.
Some time in thr· next few weeks
the President will have a new plane
for his personal use. One of the
big' Douglas DC-6s now is being
outfitted to replace the "Sacred
Cow." which Mr. Truman inherited
from President Roosevelt.
It will have a cruising speed of
■bout 325 miles an hour, or 100 miles
better than the DC-4 he has been
using, and will be equipped with a
pressurized cabin for high-altitude
flying as well as all the latest navi
gational aids. De luxe travel ac
commodations will include sleeping
House Debate
Reveals V/ide
Greek Aid Rift
Supporters Fear
Amendments That
Imperil Purpose
A wide split in House Repub
lican ranks over the $400,000,000
Greek-Turkish aid bill was ap
parent today, as the sharpest
foreign policy debate in recent
years went on.
Although final passage of the bill
is expected, supporters of a firm
hand in dealing with Russia are
fearful of amendments that might
defeat the purpose of the measure,
which is to check communism in
the Mediterranean by giving prompt
support to Greece and Turkey.
No showdown vote is expected be
fore tomorrow, since the rules
adopted yesterday allow the mem
bers nine hours of general debate.
U. N. Amendments Pressed.
Opponents are concentrating on
an amendment to put the issue up
to the United Nations, and the vote
on that move may be the crucial
Speaker Martin predicted several
days ago the bill will pass by a sub
stantial majority, but there is such
a sharp difference of opinion on
the Republican side that GOP lead
ers are not attempting to make it
a party issue.
Here are the arguments for and
against the bill as they were un
folded during yesterday's turbulent
Against — Representative Brown,
tx-Urdnance Chief
Testifies That May
Put 'Pressure' on Him
Campbell Tells Court
Of Requests for Favors
For Garsson Firms
By Robert K. Walsh
The wartime Army chief of
ordnance testified in District
Court today that former Repre
sentative Andrew J. May put
"pressure" on him in urging fa
vors for Garsson munitions com
Under cross-examination at the
May-Garsson war fraud'conspiracy
trial, Levin H. Campbell, jr., re
tired lieutenant general who was
Chief of Ordnance during the war,
was asked by May's counsel, Warren
E. Magee:
"Would you consider that pressure
was being put upon you by Mr.
"That was my impression, "Mr.
Campbell replied.
First Direct Charge of Pressure.
It was the first time that any
witness has testified directly that
he believed May used pressure
methods on the War Department to
obtain benefits for Henry and Mur
ray Garsson. May is on trial with
the Garsson brothers and Joseph
F. Freeman, the Garssons' Washing
ton "front man," on charges of con
spiracy to defraud the United States.
Mav of- tViot fime λΙ*βΪι·μ«λ»»
of the House Military Affairs Com
Shortly before Mr. Campbell was
cross-examined, he identified a
transcribed telephone talk between
May and himself. This conversation
mentioned the name of Secretary of
War Patterson in connection with
testimony that May urged Mr.
Campbell to help a Garsson com
pany get an Ε award, in 1945.
In reply to a later question by
Mr. Magee, Mr. Campbell declared
that Secretary Patterson, who then
was Undersecretary of War never
talked to him about an Ε awajd for
any of the Garsson companies.
May, according to the transcribed
conversation with Mr. Campbell,
declared the Ε award was supposed
to have gone to Batavia Metal Pro
ducts, Inc., at that time, but had
been "stymied and dammed up
Can't Recall Recommendation.
"Henry Garsson was here the oth
er day and said the Ε award would
greatly improve the morale of his
workers," May told Mr. Campbell
in the telephone conversation. "I
believe it would and I'd like to see
them get it."
Mr. Campbell testified he did not
recall having recommended an Ε
award for Batavia. He said, how
ever, that In the talk with May. he
assured the defendant that he would
immediately "look Into it."
Mr. Campbell, who took the stand
yesterday afternoon, was one of sev
eral high-ranking Army officers
called by the Government to testi
fy concerning alleged pressure put
(See GARSSON, Page A-4.)
Suspensions and revocations of
I driving permits because of traffic
violations reached an all-time high
; last month, the Board of Revocation
iand Restoration of the Department
of Vehicles and Traffic reported
J today.
There were 995 suspensions last
! month, compared with only 908
: suspensions for the first four months
Of 1946.
Speeding still leads as a cause of
suspension, with a total of 288 for
the month. Of this number, nine
actions were revocation of driving
licenses, while the others drew sus
pensions of from 30 to 90 days.
Accident· were next on the list
Assembly Called
To Make Bid to
Palestine Arabs
Extraordinary Session
To Give Equal Status
With Jewish Agency
■y the Auociotcd Ρem#
—The United Nations Assembly
was called into extraordinary
plenary session today to for
mally offer the Arab Higher
Committee of Palestine a hear
ing before the 55-nation Politi
cal Committee with the same
status as the Jewish Agency.
The plenary meeting was set for
2 p.m, (EST) in a committee room
here rather than in the Assembly
hall at Flushing Meadow, where all
previous plenary sessions have been
The decision was made on a de
mand from India that the Arab
group be recorded the same treat
ment as the Jewish agency, which
was invited to appear before the
Political Committee by the Asem
bly DroDer.
Stands on Boycott.
The Arab Higher Committee
earlier indicated it would stand on
its decision to boycott the debate
until it was handed the formal in
vitation by the Assembly itself.
The Political Committee vote call
ing the plenary session was 28 to 5.
Assembly President Oswaldo Aran
ha of Brazil called a Steering Com
mittee meeting to formally approve
the unusual Assembly session.
The Arab position became known
off the floor as the Political Commit
tee began consideration of an Amer
ican proposal that the U. N. establish
a small neutral inquiry commission
without Big Five representation.
Soviet circles disclosed that Rus
sia would fight for the inclusion of
the Big Five on any such body.
Bias in Committee Feared.
Warren R. Austin, chief American
delegate, told the Political Commit
tee that the special interests in
volved among the great powers were
a strong reason for not putting them
on the commission.
"We could hardly recognize that a
body containing the Big Five would
be free of bias," he declared.
"What we seek is a sound deci
sion as nearly perfect as our human
frailities will permit," Mr. Austin
said. "We aim at an impartial, in
dependent and Just solution."
Sir Alexander Cadogan, Britain,
immediately supported the Ameri
can plan, noting that the inquiry
commission would be hearing wit
liesses irum an siaes ana ιοτ mai
reason 'all interested parties ehould
be excluded from serving." He added
that if such countries were seated
they would be alternating between
"the witness stand and the Jury
Cites Big S Responsibility.
Dr. Jose Arce, Argentina, speak
ing in support of bis proposal for
an 11-nation commission Including
the Big Five, said the major powers
"have a responsibility they should
not avoid.'V
Dr. Arce said he had no doubt
that countries assigned to the com
mission would show neutrality, but
added that he did not believe "too
much in neutrality in the political
forces which are in play."
Meanwhile, a subcommittee of
Colombia. Poland, Iran, Sweden and
Britain began to sift applications
for hearings from organizations
other than the Jewish Agency and
the Arab Higher Committee. The
subcommittee will advise the Po
litical Committee whether the ap
plicants represent a "coasiderable
(See U. N.. Page A-6.)
William E. Warne Named
Assistant Interior Head
President Truman today nomin
ated William E. Warne, assistant
commission of reclamation, to be
Assistant Secertary of the Interior,
succeeding Warner W. Gardner, who
is resigning June 30.
Mr. Warne, 41, a Californian, has
been in the Interior Department
since 1935, when he was appointed
an editorial assistant. He was
loaned to the War Production Board
during the war.
Before entering Government serv
ice. Mr. Warne was a member of
the Associated Press stall here. Pre
viously, he worked for the AP in
Los Angeles and San Diego, and on
California newspapers in San Fran
cisco, Oakland, Brawley and Cal
Minister Quits Pulpit
For Yacht Rigger's Job
By the Associated Press
MARBLEHEAD, Mass., May 7.—
The resignation of the Rev. John
W. Eager, 32-year-old pastor of the
Marblehead Unitarian Church, to
accept a job as a rigger in a yacht
yard, was disclosed today.
John S. Whipple, chairman of the
Church Committee, said the resig
nation of the clergyman, a former
! Army Chaplain Corps captain, had
! been accepted.
Mr. Eager's letter said, "I do not
possess the physical energy to make
out of my ministry what is expected
ί if I must devote by life to it."
995 Driver Permit Suspensions
Hit New Peak Here in April
with 167, of which two were revoca
tions. The previlege of driving in
the District'was suspended to 320
out-of-town motorists, mostly from
Maryland and Virginia.
Permits of three persons were
revoked by the board because they
were of unsound mind, while 18
persons were suspended because of
fraud in obtaining their licenses.
They will not be permitted to drive
in the District as long as they are
on the list.
The increasing number of suspen
sions and revocations is due to the
activity of the Traffic Bureau of
the police department, the board
Coopération?" '
Navy Observatory Site
For Hospital Center
Praised on All Sides
Tydings Ready to Offer
Measure Authorizing
District Use of Area
By Harold B. Rogers
Greeted with enthusiasm on
all sides, the agreement to locate
Washington's proposed new hos
pital center on ground now oc
cupied by the Naval Observatory
and the Industrial Home School
for Boys today spurred officials
to work out many necessary
Congressional appropriations will
be needed, and some new legislation
may be required to authorize use
of the site.
Senator Tydings, Democrat, of
Maryland, author of the Hospital
Center Act of the last Congress,
said he would be glad to introduce
a site bill, if needed. * He praised
the location.
Co-operation Pledged.
Officials of the Navy. District
government and the three hospitals
joining in the center pledged co
nn#*rot,inn t.n t.hp nlan
Undersecretary of the Navy John
L. Sullivan heartily approved.
The new center will be located
on a tract of about 20 acres facing
Wisconsin avenue at Calvert street
N.W. This is part of the 72-acre
observatory grounds which stretch
from Massachusetts avenue to Wis
consin avenue N.W. The three in
stitutions to go into the center are
Emergency, Garfleld and Episcopal
Location of the proposed hospital
center on the observatory grounds
turned interest to the shifting of
two institutions—the observatory it
self, and the District's Industrial
Home School for boys and girls—
from their present sites
New Location Needed.
The delicate instruments of the
observatory need a new location
away from the smoke and heat of
the city, Undersecretary Sullivan
said. Experts have begun to look
for a new location, but it will be a
long time before the present ob
servatory can be replaced by a new
one elsewhere, he said.
The dilapidated Industrial Home
School, now occupying some observa
tory land and some ground owned
by the District along Wisconsin
avenue, long has been slated for
demolition, District Commissioner
Guy Mason said. The boys and
girls now housed there are to be
moved, when posible, to a new home
to be built at Jolly Acres, near
Laurel, Md. » -
The Commissioner expressed the
hope that the hospital project might
speed the shift of the Industrial
Home School.
An appropriation of $18,000 al
ready is available to the District
envernmunf tn nlar» α mrtrfern
Soviet Weather Experts
To Be Admitted to U. S.
The United States has agreed to
let five Russian meteorologists study
weather conditions in this country
but the Soviet government has not
yet answered a request for a recip
rocal arrangement, it was disclosed
at the State Department today.
Officials said Russia made her
request in February and official
visas for the five Russians to come
to this country were issued early in
At the time the visas were issued,
it was said, this government asked
Moscow to agree to permit five
American meteorologists to go to
Russia. This request for reciprocity
has not yet been answered, officials
Harvard Reports Comet
Visible by Field Glass
By the Associated Prm
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., May 7.—A
new comet so bright it may be seen
with ordinary field glasses when it
swings closest to the earth on May
20 was reported today by the Har
vard College Observatory.
Known as the "Comet Rondanima
Bester." it was discovered early this
year by M. J. Bester of the Harvard
station in Bloemfontein, South Af
rica, and a Czechoslovakian astron
Harvard astronomers said the
comet was in the eastern sky near
the sun and would be brightest just
before sunrise May 20, when it drops
to within 90,000,000 miles of the
earth—about half-way to the ran.
Eisenhower Op,
On Armed Servi
Tells House Commi
Single Civilian Chiei
By J. A. O'Leary
A single civilian head' for all
of the armed forces was defend
ed by Gen. Eisenhower, Army
Chief of Staff, today as he took
issue before a House committee
with earlier testimony of Ad
miarl Ernest J. King, former
Chief of Naval Operations.
Gen. Eisenhower was asked by
Representative Wilson, Democrat of
Texas, at a House Expenditures
Committee hearing to compare the
pending unification bill, calling for
a Secretary of National Defense,
with the testimony of Admiral King,
who urged a Senate committee yes
terday to substitute a national se
curity council to direct the various
"There is no comparison," Gen.
'Brazen Propaganda'
On Shortage of Funds
Laid to Post Office
Senator Bridges Says
Officials Circulate Word
Services Must Be Cut
By the Associated Press
Senator Bridges, Republican,
of New Hampshire charged the
Post Office Department today
with a "clear-cut case of brazen
propaganda" by apparently cir
culating word that mail service
must be cut because Congress
has failed to provide necessary
Asserting that he wanted to "nip
the report in the bud," the chairman
of the Senate Appropriations Com
mittee told newsmen:
"The truth is that the Post Office
Department is living way beyond its
means, and if there is any blame to
be made for having insufficient
funds it does net rest on Congress,
but on the Bureau of the Budget and
the department itself."
Senator Bridges said that "appar
ently word has gone out from the
Post Office Department to post
masters all over the country in
structing them that it is necessary
(See POST OFFICE, Page A-6.)
Sunshine Due Tomorrow
After Today's Showers
Washingtonians will have to wait
at least another day for sunny May
skies, the Weather Bureau said with
a forecast today of increasing
cloudiness, scattered showers and
low temperatures.
After rising today to about 65
degrees, the temperature will drop
tonight to about 42, with cool winds
the forecast said. Tomorrow, how
ever, is expected to be sunny and
cool. Lowest today was 49 degrees
at 2:38 a.m.
Nationalist Planes
Battle Chinese Reds
By the Associated Press
NANKING. May 7.—Nationalist
warplanes went into action today
in an effort to halt the Communist
advance on Taiyuan as pro-govern
ment reports placed one Red spear
head only nine miles southwest of
the besieged Shansi capital.
In Nanking, Minister of National
Defense Pai Chung-hsi summoned
a military conference to review the
Shansi situation and to devise some
means of averting the loss of Tai
Meanwhile, plans were taade for
dropping food and amunition to
the defenders of the city, the fall of
which would be a serious blow to
Nationalist prestige.
Nationalist reinforcements con
tinued to cross the Yellow River
from Shensi into Shansi province,
but they faced hard marches and
Communist opposition before they
could be of help in retrieving the
grave position of Gov. Yen Hsi
shan's armies.
Chinese reports said more than
8,000 Communist troops were killed
in a Red pocket 15 miles southeast
of the Nationalists' newly recaptured
rail town of Taian in Shantung
province, but neutral observers con
sidered the claim extravagant.
Of American Food
Sent to Germany
Reich Farmers Hold
Produce, Gen. Clay
Says in Report
•r the Attoctatod Pratt
BERLIN, May 7.—The United
States has shipped 1350,000
metric tons of food into Ger
man since V-E day to help
support German ration scales,
the monthly report of Gen.
Lucius D. Clay said today. Thé
report added that German farm
ers continued reluctant to meet
their food delivery quotas £nd
that "continued large imports
of food will be necessary."
In February, the last month which
the military governor's report cov
ered, 270,000 tons of food were im-j
ported for the British and Ameri
can zones at a cost of approxi
mately $33,000,000—or roughly $1
per nonfarm consumer in the com
bined area.
"Failure to meet delivery quotas <
reflects continued serious relue-'
r tance on the part of farmers to
deliver their products through legal;
channels for currency with which!
they can buy relatively few of the;
goods needed on farms," the report i
said. Instead, many prefer to sell1
their produce on the black market
(See FOOD, Page A-4.) j
Hope Dashed for Cut
In Prices of Milk
For Consumers Here
Spokesman for Producers
Says Slash Depends on
Feed Cost Reduction
By Malcolm Lamborne, Jr.
A spokesman for the Maryland |
and Virginia Milk Producers' As
sociation, suppliers of milk to
Washington, today declared the
association cannot reduce whole
sale milk prices "without putting
a lot of people out of business."
Bruce B. Derrick, secreCary-treas
urer of the producer group, em
phatically declared there can be
no reduction "whatever, until our
feed costs go down."
"And I dont see any material
drop in feed costs before the 1948
harvests," Mr. Derrick added. He
based this prediction on indications
the Government would continue to
purchMe gram for foreign shipment.
He thus dashed any hopes of a
price cut for consumers here.
It was Mr. Derrick's first state
ment since one distributor here,
Highland Parnur Dairy, announced
a 1-cent-a-quart reduction last
week. This gave rise to speculation
that other distributors would follow
««It and fnrt>* nrnrinrprs to cut
Dairy operators here have insisted
they * cannot reduce retail prices
without an equivalent cut in thei
price they pay farmers for milk.
Mr. Derrick disclosed that member
producers now are supplying all the
requirements of Washington for
fluid milk, ice cream mix, cream and
cpttage cheese, a result of high pro
He said that for 58 months Wash
ington has had to "import" milk
from outside the milkshed.
Mr. Derrick insisted, that current
high production would not last more
than six weeks and that at the
end of that time, Washington will
be back on a "deficit" basis.
The producer spokesman Insisted
there was "no such thing as a sur
plus here." He had reference to a
statement last week from the head
of a large milk by-produces plant
in Alexandria that plant facilities
were being taxed to the limit because
of a surplus.
Meanwhile, the Agriculture De
partment predicted that farm in
come during the first five months
of this year will be 20i per cent
greater than in the same period
last year.
It forecast the total income at
$9,000,000,000 compared with about
(See PRICES, Page A-4.) Γ
Daughter of U. S. Attache
Born in Nanking Army Car
By th· Associated Pr«>
NANKING, May 7.—Mrs. Virginia
Collins gave birth to her first baby
—a daughter—today in an Army
staff car traveling in the darkness
over Nanking's rutted streets.
The car stopped long enough for
the new mother to spank the baby
to make it cry, and then continued
to the hospital, where waiting
physicians said both were "doing
Mrs. Collins, the former Virginia
Mowry of Evanston, 111., is the wife
of Capt. John W. (Collins, assistant
military attache, who recently was
released after being held captive by
Chinese Communists in Manchuria
for 55 days.
I Their home is in Gallion. Ala.
Doses King
ces Unification
ttee He Favors
; to Council
Eisenhower answered promptly.
The man who led Allied forces in
Europe in World War II said com
mittees have their proper place in
working out co-ordinated policies,
"but when it comes to day-to-day
decisions a single administrator is
so far superior there is no compari
Gen. Eisenhower also assured the
committee he has no intention of
trying to put the Marine Corps "in
the dog house" if the unification
plan goes through.
Representative Bender, Republic
an. of Ohio had used that term in
asking the general if he had any
disposition to curtail the Marines.
"Most certainly not," said the
Chief of Staff. "I believe in them
Gen. Eisenhower explained that
(See UNIFICATION, Page A-6.)
2 House Groups Act
On 'Pro-Communist'
Talk at Western High
House District Unit Asks
Corning for Report; Mundt
Also Promises Probe
Mrs. Shura Lewis' talk on
"Life in Russia" at Western High
School yesterday reverberated
today on Capitol Hill with an
nouncements of a two-day in
quiry and a scoring of the lecture
on the House floor. The devel
opments were:
Representative Mundt. Repub
lican, of South Dakota announced
that the House Un-American Ac
tivities Committee, of which he is
acting chairman, will go into the
incident at its next full meeting.
Chairman Dirksen of the House
District Committee began a for
mal inquiry, taking steps to obtain
a report from Dr. Hobart M. Corn
ing, superintendent of schools, cov
ering the occurrence.
Rankin Approves Walkout.
Representative Rankin, Democrat,
of Mississippi, member of the Uii
American Activities Committee, took
the House floor to commend the
students at Western for their dem
onstration and denounce the lecture.
Mr. Dirksen directed the District
Committee staff to send a letter at
once to Dr. Hobert M. Corning, su
perintendent of schools, calling on
him to submit "a full statement"
covering the events at Western.
Meanwhile, Dr. Corning said he
"probably'' would make a statement
at the Board of Education meeting
(See WESTERN HIGH, Page A-4.)
Recorded in Sydney
By th· Associated Press
1 SYDNEY, Australia, May 7.—The
seismograph at the Riverview Ob
servatory here today recorded a
severe earthquake shock which Fa
ther D. D. O'Cennell, director of the
observatory, said occurred about
2,000 miles north of Sydney.
It was the third shock recorded
in the Southwest Pacific in the last
three days. The quake first regis
tered in the laboratory instruments
at 6:36 ajn. local time (3:36 pjh.
EST yesterday) and continued for
four hours. Father O'Connell said.
Whistling Shooting Stars Heard
On Radio, Engineers Told
By Thomas k. Henry
Science Editor of Th· Star
Whistling shooting stars plunging
to fiery doom in the ocean of the
earth's atmosphere were reported
before the Institute of Radio Engi
neers meeting here today.
The "whistles," differing greatly
in pitch and intensity, are the
characteristic radio sounds when
; radio waves are reflected either
from the speeding bits of rock and
iron themselves or from the path*
of electrified atfnosphere which they
leave in their Wakes.
By means of these whistles and
other characteristic sounds, O. G.
Villard, L. Α.- Manning, W. E. Evans
and R. A. Helljwell of Leland Stan
ford University* said It to possible
to sit beside a radio receiver and
count hundreds of these celestial
visitor* which are reduced to dust
long before they become visible to
the naked eye.
Actually, according to a report by
[Edward W. Allen, jr., of the Fed
eral Communications Commission,
few radio waves are reflected by
the meteors themselves. Literally
thousands of these hit the outer
edges of the atmosphere every day,
but the majority are very small.
Only when there are meteor show
ers two or three times a year when
the earth passes through the path
of some broken up comet, does the
effect become sufficient to attract
general attention.
But each lump irom outer space
is moving at tremendous speed, it
was explained, and as soon as it
strikes even the very thin air 100
miles above the earth it becomes
(Ôee itKNkY, Page A-*.) i
Daylight Time
Hearing Closes;
Fast Action Due
Board of Trade Urges
Adoption as Majority
Expresses Approval
(Pictures on Page B-l.) ;
By Henry A. Mustin
The District Commissioners* ·
hearing on daylight saving time
for Washington was completed
at 12:45 p.m. today and the
Commissioners announced they
would hold a meeting at 4 p.m.
A decision on setting clocks
ahead is regarded possible after
the meeting.
The Washington Board of Trade
summed up the case for daylight
saving time and asked the Com
missioners to order clocks set ahead
because of a "clearly indicated"
majority opinion in favor of the
P. Y„ K. Howatt, first vice presi
dent of the Trade Board, voiced the
plea shortly before noon as the tide
of votes at the District building
hearing mounted ever more over
whelmingly in favor of daylight
Only 7 of 50 organizations and
Individuals out of a total of 81
scheduled to testify at the hearing
had come out against the plan by
the noon hour. In addition, write
in votes had swelled the total in
favor to 125 organizations· and 6.275
individuals, while 22 organisations
ind 1,303 individuals were recorded
σ -«-< ν »»»ν V|#VW«*il
Howatt Cites Reasons for Use.
The McGrath bill, signed last
week by President Truman, em
powers the Commissioners to in
voke daylight-saving time here if
they are convinced by the hearing
a majority of residents of the Dis
trict and neighboring Maryland and
Virginia communities want it.
Inviting attention to two local
newspaper polls showing that a
majority of Washingtonians favor
daylight saving, Mr. Howatt de
clared the city should adopt it "at
the earliest practical date" for these
reasons :
1. Daylight-saving time will per
mit an extra hour for recreation,
gardening and other healthful,,
body-building activities.
2. It will eliminate confusion for
travelers stemming from the fart
that most large cities of the Nation
already are operating on daylight
saving time.
3. It will eliminate the loss of
an hour from each business day *
now suffered by many commercial
and financial enterprises here.
4. It will eliminate "dislocation·*
in the fields of radio and other news
All Other Areas in Line.
"Practically all urban areas and
some entire States north of Wash
ington to Maine and west to Chi
cago are operating on daylight sav
ing time," Mr. Howatt told a cheer
ing crowd of nearly 300.
"This is the area with which we
in Washington maintain the closest
ties and it is therefore readily ap
parent that there are countless ac
tivities in Washington which are
Russians Oversubscribe
20-Billion-Ruble Loan
By th· Associated Pr«i
MOSCOW, May 7.—The govern
ment announced today that a new
20,000,000,000 ruble state loan had
been oversubscribed by nearly 300,
000,000 rubles and that subscriptions
were continuing to pour in.
The loan, floated to finance the
government's flve-year plan of re
habilitation and development, was
first announced last Sunday. A loan
of the same size floated last year
was reported over-subscribed in «
There is no free exchange of Rus
sian money, but at the official rate
of 5.3 rubles to the dollar the loans
would amount, to $3,771,500,000 each.
At the rate of 12 to the dollar, at
which diplomats buy rubles—gen
erally considered more realistic—
the figure would be $1,666,666,666.
The new bonds will mature in 20
years and have the usual lottery
feature, with prizes as high as 50,
000 rubles.
Reds Score U. S. Pacts
With Scandinavians
By th· Associated Press
MOSCOW. May 7.—Soviet news
papers today attacked American and
British economic agreements with
Scandinavian countries and charged
that the economic merger of British
and American zones in Germany was
benefitting industrial magnates and
Junker landlords.
Izvestia, the government organ,
naming Denmark, Sweden and Nor
way specifically, said Russia's agree
ments with these countries were
based on mutual respect for the
economies involved, but that such r~
was not the case in the British and /
American agreements.
Izvestia repeated its charge that
a recent American note to Sweden
on her trade policies was an "out
spoken and unjustified interference"
in Swedish affairs.
(The State Department an
nounced March 25 it had pro
tested to Sweden that her new
import restrictions discriminated
against American products and
violated her reciprocal trade
agreement with the United
Commentator Constantin Holt·
man, writing in the trade union
newspaper Trud, charged that under
the protection oi the British-Amer
ican economic merger in Germany,
Industrial magnates and Junker
landlords were "prospering." He
added that the plan oi unification
of Communists and Social Demo
crate was causing worry in the west
ern zones. ^ J

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