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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 08, 1947, Image 14

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IRfot Wtrnxut Sbn®
W.»h Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHIN0TON, D. C
Published by
Tb· Evening Star Newspaper Company.
FRANK ·. NOYES, President.
Β. M. McKELWAY, Editor.
MAIN OFFICE) Uth St and Pennsylvania Ave.
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printed in this newspaper, as well as all AP
news dispatches.
A—14 « THURSDAY, May », 1947
Western's 'Red Scare'
The uproar which has followed the
delivery of a "pro-Communist" talk
at Western High School is sympto
matic of the troubled period through
which the country is passing.
The incident itself, while unfor
tunate find regrettable, was not very
Important. Mrs. Shura Lewis, Rus
sian-born wife of a former State
Department employe, had been in
vited to address the Western student
body. Her talk was supposed to deal
with her life in Russia, and she had
been cautioned not to wander off
Into politics or ideologies. Near the
end of her talk, however, Mrs. Lewis
drew some superficial and objec
tionable comparisons between life
In the United States and in Russia.
Exception was taken to this and
four students left the auditorium.
They prepared placards inviting Mrs.
Lewis to go back to Russia. A flurry
of excitement followed, but by yes
terday student life was back to
normal. The youngsters had had
their say and, ordinarily, that would
have been the end of the matter.
But the older generation was yet
to be heard from, and listening to
some of them, one might easily con
clude that the Communists had
taken over Western High School,
lock, stock and barrel. Overnight
a relatively inconsequential incident
became a "terrible state of affairs,"
an example of "the danger of Com
munist propaganda in our school
system," and "a glimpse of the
treacherous and insidious methods
by which the Communists are
attempting to poison the minds of
our children."
All of this is a little silly, especially
when one considers that Mrs. Lewis'
remarks, whatever their motivation,
fell on unreceptive ground. Most
certainly, if she had any such pur
pose, she did not succeed in victimiz
ing the students of Western.
There is danger, however, that the
school's principal, Nathan A. Danow
sky, may become a victim of overly
excited adults. He made a mistake
in inviting Mrs. Lewis to speak at
the school. But it was an innocent
mistake—the sort of error into which
any one might fall, and it should
carry little weight in the balance
against his many years of highly
creditable service in the District's
public schools. Still, there are omi
nous undertones to some of the
comments being made, and there is
some danger of an attempt to make
him the victim of a witch hunt. If
anything of this sort should develop,
every decent, sensible resident of the
community should join in stamping
it out.
Voice of the DPs
It has been two years, trying years
for all of us, since Hitler's legions
laid down their arms. But these
years have been harder, incompa
rably harder, for the 850,000 men,
women and children whom we call
the displaced persons.
Most of us do not like to think too
much about the DPs. For when we
do think about them our consciences
are troubled by the realization that
these miserable people, two years
after the end of the war, are still
sitting in the detention camps of
Germany, Austria and Italy. Yet if
we do not think about them, and if
we do not do something for them,
the chances are that two years hence
they will still be sitting there—just
as miserable and Just as hopeless as
they are today.
Who are these people? About one
fourtti of them are Jews, the first
victims of Hitlerism. The «story of
their persecution has been told
time and again. Of the others
little is heard. But they are also
there—driven from their homes in
Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland,
Hungary, Romania and other states
by the oppression of dictatorship
whether of the right or of the left.
Children make up about one-third
of the whole. More than half of
them are skilled artisans and pro
fessionals, while about 90,000 are
agricultural workers.
What can be done for them? Re
publican Representative Stratton of
Illinois, a war veteran, has intro
duced a bill to admit 400,000 of them
to the United States at the rate of
100,000 in each of the next four
years. This is less than half of the
immigrants who would have come
to the United States during the past
seven years had it not been for the
war. The bill is carefully drawn to
keep out undesirables and to see that
those admitted would not become ;
public charges after arrival. The j
hope is that such a worthy example
set by the United States would per
suade other countries to lower their
own barriers so that all might even
tually And some place to live.
Of course, If we want to do it, we
•an keep on trying not to think
%
about the DPs. We can try to forget
that they exist, for they cannot
reach us directly with appeals for
help. But the fact remains that
we can do for them the things pro
vided in the Stratton bill. If we do
not do this much, if we close our
hearts and our minds, their voices
nevertheless will continue to re
proach our consciences for the rest
of our lives.
No Time for Giving Up
Two years ago today" Germany
surrendered totally. Hitler, who had
unleashed on the world evils and
agonies without precedent, was dead
by his own hand. Japan's days were
clearly numbered; the nightmare of
nightmares, the most terrible con
flict in the history of mankind, was
all but over; now a stricken human
ity could hope that out of this great
Allied victory would be fashioned a
peace, a decent and enduring new
order, under which peoples every
where might have a chance to
prosper and be secure together for
generations to come.
Today, two years later, it is only
too easy to yield either to a mood
of cynicism or a mood of despair.
The hope inspired by V-E day has
not been fulfilled. The fruits of vic
tory that have been gathered up to
now have been not sweet but bitter.
The shooting has stopped, the awful
bombing and dying have stopped,
but there is no peace. Although a
kind of beginning has been made
with the treaties for Italy, and the
Axis satellites, the ratification of
even these is in doubt. As for the
heart of the European problem—
wholly apart from the equally fateful
Asiatic problem—nothing basic has
been achieved.
The grand coalition of wartime
Allies is in ominous deadlock over
the future of Germany. Worse than
that, there is such a gulf in ideol
ogies and apparent aims between
Russia and the western democracies
that the latter, not without reason,
have begun to suspect the former
of a deliberate effort to spread its
dominance by promoting chaos and
PVPrt.încr riirenf. onH inrfironf nwe.
sures in the key areas of the world.
The result has been a steadily grow
ing trend toward the creation of two
antagonistic blocs, one totalitarian
and one not—a trend that has forced
the United States to undertake a
history-making new policy to safe
guard the sovereignty of Greece and
Turkey against actual or potential
threats from Moscow.
This is not peace. Stripped to its
essentials, it is grim power politics.
It is a contest in which the free
lands of the west are moving more
and more together to check any
further advance of liberty-destroy
ing communism, in much the same
manner as they once moved against
Naziism. It is a bitter thing that
this must be said two years after
V-E day. Yet the bitterness of it
ought not to be allowed to distort
our perspective. The picture is not
all black by any means. No power
wants a major armed conflict; no
power, excepting the United States,
is physically equipped to wage one;
all peoples—as peoples—have come
to loathe war. Moreover, the United
Nations is in being; it is young and
relatively powerless, but it is matur
ing, and there is slill reason to hope
that it will evolve into an effective
instrument for collective security.
Certainly, any surrender now, to
cynicism and despair would be dan
gerously premature. The war's dead
—the many millions of them in so
many lands—did not die only to have
the living make such a surrender. A
world has been ripped apart asiiever
before. Time, patience, unflagging
effort, affirmative action—with or
without Russia—will be required to
put it together again. In the age of
the atom men and governments can
give up striving for a good peace,
can yield to a sense of hopelessness,
only at the risk of engulfing them
selves, sooner or later, in a cataclysm
of mutual annihilation. That much
we can be sure of on the second
anniversary of V-E day.
Cincinnati Convention
For the first time since 1802, the
Society of the Cincinnati will assem
ble in convention in Washington
ui/uctjr. ϋαυΛ ui une incci/iiig lies a
history which should be known to
every American. The organization
takes its name from Cincinnatus,
the patrician hero who, according
to an ancient fable, left his plow
in the field to serve as a soldier in
defense of the Roman republic and,
having completed his service, re
turned to his peacetime occupation
as a farmer. It symbolizes the duty
and the privilege of a civilian to be
a warrior in time of need. In that
regard, it contributes to the main
tenance of an ideal implicit in the
American way of life.
The society was established by
officers of the Revolutionary Army
gathered at the Verplanck House
near Fishkill on the Hudson, May
13, 1783. Its purposes at first may
have been as "aristocratic" as Cin
cinnatus himself, but at least part
of the confusion which surrounded
it in its earliest period can be traced
back to critics who distAsted "its
possibilities" as a conservative force
operating in opposition to their own
frankly "radical" activities. One of
the results of the agitation was the
founding of the Tammany Society
as "a body where true equality
should govern." The date of this
latter event was 1789. Meanwhile,
George Washington had been elected ;
president-general of the Cincinnati
in 1787. He already had persuaded
the society to abolish its original
hereditary feature. But "popular
feeling" remained unconciliated un
der both his leadership and that of
Alexander Hamilton, his successor.
Gradually, however, a better un
derstanding of the Cincinnati de
Ï
veloped. The organization had a
valid function expressed in the
words of its motto: "Omnia reliquit
servare rem publicam," meaning,
"He left all to serve the common
wealth." In modern times so many
millions of men and women have
quit civilian life temporarily to join
in national defense that there no
longer Is any excuse for fear of an
organization devoted to keeping
alive the traditions of such patriot
Ism. The descendants of the Revo
lutionary officers of a hundred and
sixty-four years ago are Americans
of proved devotion to their country
and its Welfare. So, too, are a vast
majority of the sons and the daugh
ters of citizens of more recent gen
erations. The differences of the past
have disappeared under the con
structive influence of common ex^
perience. What is important now
is the continuance of an essential,
all-embracing loyalty to the institu
tions of freedom and fellowship
which the Cincinnati and many
other groups co-operatively cultivate.
We Decide Something
The little touch of "home rule"
which produced the Commissioners'
decision on daylight saving is in
Itself something of a major victory.
We have experienced the unique
satisfaction, in Washington, of hav
ing decided something for ourselves.·
And that is something, even if it
was only playacting at home rule.
As if to show us what home rule
really means, however, our neighbors
in Baltimore staged a real demon
stration on Tuesday of the genuine
article. Going to the polls, the peo
ple of Baltimore elected themselves
a Mayor. But they said they wanted
their police commissioner appointed
by the Governor, not the Mayor. They
shouted a thunderous "Aye" on the
question whether to borrow money
to build schools and equip them.
They decided to borrow some more
money for an airport. They said
"No" on building a new jail, on re
modeling the courthouse, on im
proving the waterfront and the city
street system. They said "Yes" on
building new libraries, on getting
new parks, on developing more play
grounds and recreation centers.
They were for better sewers, but
they were against borrowing for
slum clearance and redevelopment.
They were citizens and taxpayers,
deciding how they wanted to spend
their own money.
Here In Washington we know little
about the people who put up the
money really feel on comparable
questions. All the deciding In such
matters Is done for us by everybody
else except the people who live here
and pay the taxes. But the signs
of the times are propitious. Hope
springs eternal. Congress, having
tried us out on daylight saving, may
go even further one day and let us
put a ballot in a ballot box on some
thing that really counts. If we can
decide to make the sun stand still
for an hour on next Sunday morn
ing, what could we not do—if given
the chance! t
This and That
By Charles E. Tracewell.
As we sat in the sunny yard that
afternoon, on a lawn which was a veri
table museum of strange plants, few of
them grasses, we wondered If it were
possible to breed a race of dandelion
eating rabbits.
These fine creatures would, of course,
eat nothing but dandelions.
A pair would clean up a lawn in three
nights, after which they might be
farmed out to the neighbors.
Just how they are to be trained to
eat dandelions without getting their
mouths full of fuzz remains a ques
tion, but greater miracles have been ac
complished in selective breeding.
Certainly this would be a boon to all
gardeners, upon whose gems wild rab
bits prey.
Who is there who has not been angry
at one or more of these innocent crea
tures?
They prefer candytuft, petunias, all
the hundred and one annuals and peren
nials so dear to the gardening heart.
If only they could be confined to dan
delions!
* * * *
Chlckweed, too, might appeal to them,
the members of this new race of super
rabbits.
Vegetable gardeners then would not
need to fear for their products.
It is said that strips of white cloth,
tied to stakes or hung from a line
around a prized planting will help keep
rabbits away.
We always have doubted this, but it
is offered for what it is worth.
Rabbits are fun, but one must keep
one's temper.
After all. what are a few niants
though precious enough, compared with
the life of a creature destined by nature
for something better than being shot?
Surely all living things were meant
for a better fate than that.
We thought of this as a magnificent
flight of planes went directly over the
yard.
They kept coming, group after group,
and so low that they made one feel
they were right in the yard.
They were thrilling, but we were glad
they were our own boys, not boys of
some other race.
Man's most tremendous failure—that
was what we thought, then, of planes.
Man is always inventing something,
then putting it to no better use than
to drop things upon people.
Maybe in the next life we will do
better.
In such a life, of course, there will be
no weeds in lawns.
Maybe weeds are right in this life,
and planes, killing, blood and tears.
Perhaps we need them, since the flood
failed.
perhaps—
But why worry, on a beautiful sun
shiny day, perched In a garden of
chickweed, dandelions and plantains
amid the grasses?
The misplaced plants are a sort of
spice.
But too much spice is not good, so
there is nothing to do but dig out and
pull up the dandelions one by one.
There are all sorts of devices to ac
complish this desired end, but somehow
the old method of squatting down and
pulling 'em out seems best.
The trouble with getting rid of dan
delions in a lawn lies with the next
fellow.
No matter how well you take up
those in your own place before they go
to seed, it does little good if the other
fellow allows his to turn into pull balls.
We insist that a dandelion-eating rab
bit would be Just the thing.
A · *
Letters to The Star
Advocate· Bicycle Path Along
Mount Vernon Highway
To the Kditor of Th· Star:
The next time the subject of im
proving the recreational facilities of
the Washington area comes up, I won
der if you would use the influence of
your paper to see that some considera
tion is given to the construction of a
hard-surface bicycle path along the
river between Memorial Bridge and
Mount Vernon.
It is difficult to conceive of a project
which would benefit more people, both
children and adults, at comparatively
little cost. No additional land would
have to be acquired, there being ample
room for such a path along the Mount
Vernon Memorial highway. The cost
of construction should be less than that
of paving a few city blocks. At rela
tively little cost, too, the trail could be
extended north through Rock Creek
Park, bringing it within a short dis
tance of much of Northwest Wash
ington.
Car owners in Washington are in a
minority. Surely the rest of the popula
tion ought to be given a chance to get
out in the open air on week ends. Bi
cycling is an ideal way to see the coun
try and an ideal form of exercise—as
strenuous as one wishes to make it, but
no more so. And after the initial cost
of the wheel, it is free. Even without
any paths, thousands of persons in the
District and vicinity have bought bi
cycles, and every week end hundreds
of them—of all ages—are out on the
highways. Unfortunately, under present
conditions, they do so at the risk of
their lives. Ask any cyclist—or motor
ist either.
Every year, meanwhile, millions of
dollars are spent locally on improving
the streets for motorists. The Dupont
Circle underpass alone will cost several
millions. Is there any hope that a few
thousands may be spent for those of
us who cannot afford cars or who would
like to see something more of trees and
sky -than can be glimpsed through a
narrow windshield on a congested, roar
ing highway? C. O., Jr.
Protests Against "Snoopers"
To the Editor of The Star:
It was with disgust that I noticed an
article in The Star reporting "snoopers"
planted by the House Appropriations
Committee to detect "loafers" in Gov
ernment service; and, not being one of
those employes, I feel justified in com
menting on the subject.
I wonder whether Congressman Stefan,
who was quoted, is aware that it is com
mon practice in private offices to allow
time out for relaxation in the Interests
of efficiency?
Prom my own experience during four
years with one of the "old-line" agencies
of the Interior Department some years
ago, I realize that there are a few who
do take advantage of the opportunity to
converse with friends and linger over
their drinks, but by far the majority take
out no more than 10 minutes in mid
afternoon for a "coke" or ice cream (sold
in the buildings) and go back to work
refreshed and in a mood to work again.
As for those to whom he referred as on
the stairs, carrying ice cream or "cokes"
or cigarettes, they are messengers from
the offices to bring in refreshments so
that the others may continue to work
instead of taking time out to go after
their own drinks.
If the Congressman were himself tied
to a desk at routine work, he would find
himself getting sleepy and inefficient
and would appreciate a "pick-up" in
the interests of his work. Do his office
assistants never stop for a moment dur
ing the day? It seems to me that my tax
money could be better employed than to
pay snoopers! M. M.
Wants School Speakers Checked
To the Zdltor of The Star:
In Tuesday's issue of your paper there
appears an article captioned "Western
High Students Protest 'Pro-Russian
Talk,' 4 Walk Out."
Many of our Western High School
students, because of their high standing
in studies, after graduation, have gone
to the service schools—West Point and
Annapolis—where they have given ex
cellent accounts of themselves scholastic
ally and in sports. My son, Col. Warren
Harlan Hoover, who graduated from
Western In 1926 and West Point in 1931
and who is now an officer on the staff of
Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Tokyo,
Japan, I am sure, would be keenly dis
pleased if he knew that any one had been
privileged to address one of its classes In
the disparaging, undemocratic and un
American fashion that Mrs. Lewis es
sayed to do.
Who among us, who professes to be a
bona fide American citizen, could do
other than greatly admire the four stu
dents who rebelled against such un
Americanism by absenting themselves
from the classroom? In the future, no
outside speaker should be granted the
privilege to address our public school
children until his address has been
scrutinized and approved.
JOHN E. HOOVER.
Universal Service Plea
To the Editor of The Star:
*UU1 μα]Λ;ι ω w uc VHjrilllllCilUCa AUX
the type of articles published. The one
by George Fielding Eliot on May 4, en
titled, "Russia Watches Our Military
Progress," is well thought out, and I
believe very much an argument for a
strong America.
One of the means by which America
can keep strong is to adopt universal
military training for its youth. We all
know how our military strength dwin
dled after World War I and we know
that it will happen again after World
War II unless we have the foresight
and courage to face the issue squarely,
throw aside personal considerations and
urge Congress to pass S-651-HR 1988,
an operational plan for universal mili
tary training.
This is an American plan, for it
came from the American people after
long study. It will not interfere with
the educational, religious or home life
of our youth. It will strengthen our
youth and thereby maintain a strong
America. The world respects & strong
America, and Russia is no exception.
Enactment of S-651-HR 1988 by the
Eightieth Congress is a must!
JOSEPH L. STEARN.
U. N. Hearing for Jews
To the E<fitor oi The Star:
A perusal of events at the special
United Nations session on Palestine
raises doubt ω to the fairness of the
proceedings.
Those who recall the spirit of hope
for the better world of the future pre
vailing a few short years ago when we
were fighting for that better world must
look with bitterness on this beginning of
what may become Disillusionment Π.
Although there «η three chief partie·
No Observance of Victory
The Only Ceremony Now Planned Is Burial of
Another Soldier "Known But to God"
By Robert K. Walsh
Il· Il
The burial of the Unknown Soldier after World War I took place
November 11,1921—three years after the armistice. The picture above
shows the caisson waiting at the Capitol to receive the casket. The
procession from the Capitol to Arlington Cemetery that morning started
a few minutes after 8 o'clock. Behind the caisson walked the President
and Vice President, members of the cabinet,' the Supreme Court, the
House, the Senate, Governors of many States and Army,JNdvy and
Marine Corvs commanders.
Two years ago today the war in Europe
came to a close with Germany's sur
render.
In the Interval since then Great Brit
ain has staged a national observance of
the victory in London; comparable cere
monies have been held by the French in
Paris and by the Russians in Moscow.
For us the end of the war has not yet
been officially proclaimed. We have had
no celebration of victory. And plans for
two ceremonial events in Washington,
associated with the war, remain indefi
nite.
These two ceremonies are the burial
of a second unidentified serviceman near
the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in
Arlington National Cemetery and the
building of a memorial to District sol
diers, sailors and Marines who gave
their lives in the recent war.
Otherwise, locally as well as on a na
tional scale, Congress is giving no official
thought to arranging a celebration when
the end of the war is formally pro
claimed or the final treaties of peace
ratified.
Burial of a second unknown service
man already has been authorized by act
of Congress. It is being delayed, how
ever, because the War Department wants
to exhaust every means of identifying
the approximately 8,000 dead still car
ried on its rolls as unknown.
Burial of the Unknown Soldier of the
World War took place three years after
the signing of the armistice. The solemn
service on November 11, 1921, came only
three weeks after the Senate finally
ratified the separate treaties of peace
between the United States and Germany
and Austria. It was one of the most
heart-moving occasions ever witnessed
here. But it was not the first or only
observance which Washington saw after
the World War.
Triumphal March of First Division.
When Gen. Pershing returned to the
United States after the First World War
he led the 1st Division down Pennsyl
vania avenue in a victory parade
watched by more than half a million
people septemœr ια, îai». ι ne aivisiun,
with full field equipment, represented all
48 American divisions which had gone
overseas as the AEF.
At Fifteenth street and New York
avenue, near the Treasury Building, was
a huge triumphal arch. In front of the
White House was the reviewing stand
where the President and other digni
taries stood for five hours while the pro
cession passed.
Earlier that year, on February 27,
there was a victory parade of 3,000 sol
diers and sailors who lived In the Dis
trict, led by President Wilson, who
marched on foot from the Peace Monu
ment to the White House.
These parades followed the tradition
of the homecoming of Admiral Dewey
after the Spanish-American War and
the review of the Grand Army of the
Republic at the close of the Civil War.
The October 3, 1899, parade in honor
of Admiral Dewey was the most elabo
rate In more than 30 years, but in size
and variety it fell short of the historic
two-day greeting for the Union Armies.
The May 23, 1865, march of Gen.
Meade's troops down Pennsylvania ave
nue, and an even longer procession of
Gen. Sherman's men over the same
route the next day, were dimmed only
by the national sorrow in the death of
President Lincoln a few weeks before.
Grand Army's Last March.
Marching 60 abreast along the avenue,
the soldiers took six hours to pass the
stand from which President Johnson,
Gen. Grant and others reviewed the
Grand Army.
Although Washington and other cities
saw several comparatively small parades
of returning units and military and
naval commanders after the recent war,
the demobilization policy tended to dis
courage full-scale victory reviews. Sep
aration centers and the point system of
discharges sent most veterans home
individually.
Continuance of the Pacific phase of
the conflict for more than three months
after the Nazi collapse also tended to
restrict formal observances to days of
prayer and thanksgiving proclaimed by
the President.
Other United Nations, notably Great
Britain, Russia and France, held tre
mendous victory celebrations. The offi
cial British observance was last June 8
in London, when more than 2,000,000
spectators beheld an all-day parade of
men and machines.
Gen. Eisenhower and other American
commanders joined the King and Queen,
the cabinet ministers and others In re
viewing the spectacle. This included
also an air show by hundreds of planes
and a dazzling night exhibition of
fireworks and searchlights. At British
embassies In Washington and through
out the world the day was marked by
special exercises and gatherings.
Soviet Russia, which did not partici
pate with the United States and other
United Nations in the London com
military displays August 14, 1945, in
Red Square to signalize the victory. The
national holiday celebration was held the
in interest, only two of them, the British
and the Arabs, have a voice in the de
liberations. The Jewish people also
have a right to be heard, even If that,
voice be voteless. Where are the princi
ples of fairness which were to govern
the affairs of nations in the postwar
world?
I wonder whether the present oppo
sition of Jewish representation evi
denced by the United States delegates
to the U. N. isn't misguided. It is a
view alien to basic American interna
tional doctrines not to give all sides a
fair opportunity to be heard. Seeking
a reason for this strange United States
stand, the question arises whether the
United States isn't stringing along with
Britain on some promise by the latter to
"work out something." Perhaps then it
is only on the surface that Britain has
turned the Palestine issue over to the
U. N. for decision. Can it be that
power politics can still override decency
and humanity so that the latter are
still unknown in International affairs?
Let us not permit this type of action
by oar U. N. representative to continue
following September 3 to extol achieve
ments and sacrifices of the Russian
people.
Two Observances in France.
France had a spontaneous popular
demonstration and two principal formal
celebrations which welcomed Gen.
Charles de Gaulle and greeted Gen.
Eisenhower on June 17, 1945. On that
fifth anniversary of the black day when -
Hitler's legions over-ran Paris, hun
dreds of thousands of people cheered
and wept for joy for their liberated
nation. There was still another national
celebration July 14, 1945, to commemo
rate Bastille Day and the defeat of
Germany.
In the United States suggestions for
special observances and memorials have
not been wanting. They have originated
generally, however, with groups or indi
vidual legislators and citizens.
Appropriateness of a ceremony for
burial of a second unknown serviceman
beside the Unknown Soldier of the
World War was suggested informally
from time to time during the late war.
A congressional resolution for that pur
pose was introduced in April of 194β by
Representative Price, Democrat, of Il
linois. It was enacted into law June 24.
Establishment of a District memorial
is less definite as to time, type and
exact location. The original plan en
visioned a monument in Potomac Park
near the John Paul Jones statue and
about two city blocks from the monu
ment erected in 1931 for District service
men who died in World War I. A
tentative sketch, somewhat along lines
of the monument at Chateau-Thierry,
was submitted to the National Capital
Park and Planning Commission in 1945.
No Specific Plans.
Since then, veterans organizations and
some Congressmen have declared a
stadium or public auditorium should be
built as a "living memorial." This would
require approval by the planning com
mission and congressional authorization
and appropriation of funds.
fr\f +V»« Knvlel λ# m
second unknown serviceman requires no
further congressional action. The law
directs the Secretary of War "to cause
to be brought to the United States the
remains of an American who lost his
life while serving overseas in the armed
forces of the United States during World
War II and whose identity has not been
established."
The act states further that the Sec
retary of War shall "provide for the
burial with appropriate ceremonies of
such unknown American In the Memo
rial Amphitheater of the National Cem
etery at Arlington, Va., near or beside
the remains of the Unknown Soldier of
the First World War."
Funds for this purpose would come
from the War Department's contin
gency fund.
Unlike the resolution which In 1921 di
rected only that the body of an unknown
American soldier be returned from Eu
rope, the present authorization covers
all areas in which Americans fought.
Moreover, all branches of the armed
forces agreed last May that the un
known serviceman in this instance may
be a soldier, sailor or Marine.
When hostilities ceased in August,
1945, the Quartermaster General's Of
fice had a record of burial of 10,760 un
identified dead. More than 2,000 have
since been positively identified. Others
have been identified as to groups, such
as crew members of a destroyed plane.
A Search That Continues.
This work continues in a scientific
and painstaking manner. War Depart
ment officials regard it as an essential
service to families of the dead and as
a means of making certain that the
serviceman finally selected will be truly
"known but to God."
How the second unknown serviceman
will be chosen has not yet been decided.
But the method is believed to differ
considerably from that used after the
World War.
At that time, in accordance with a
resolution offered in March, 1921, by
former Representative Fish, Republican,
of New York, and a subsequent appro
priation act introduced by Senator (now
Representative) Wadsworth, Republican,
of that State, the Unknown Soldier was
selected in France.
Bodies of four unidentified men from
the battlefields of the Aisne-Marne,
Meuse-Argonne, Somme and St. Mihiel
nteva m emnlf λ *
Chalons-Sur-Marne. There, on October
23,1921, Sergt. Edward Younger, who now
lies burled In Arlington Cemetery, des
ignated one of the coffins—the third
from his left—and this was brought to
Washington aboard Admiral Dewey's
old flagship,'the U. S. S. Olympia.
Marshal Foch and dignitaries of all
the other Allied countries joined Pres
ident Harding, former President Wilson,
Gen. Pershing, members of Congress,
Government officials and outstanding
citizens In solemn rites In the Capitol
rotunda.
Then they went, most of them afoot,
out Pennsylvania avenue, through
Georgetown and to the shrine where
today and forever the Unknown Soldier
rests in honored glory.
when we believe It wrong in the hope
that perhaps tomorrow or the next day
the situation will correct Itself. If the
Jewish people should have representa
tion in the United Nations at this spe
cial session, they should have it now.
HARRY L. COHEN.
National Theater Policy
To the Editor of He Star :
The Washington League of Women
Shoppers has participated in the effort
to end racial discrimination by the Na
tional Theater. Now that the manage
ment is faced with a situation of no
actors and no plays after June 1, 1948,
we trust there will be a quiet reversal
of its present policy of Occluding
Negroes.
With only one theater serving metro
politan Washington, the management
need fear no loss of patronage. On the
contrary, we feel sure a more enlightened
policy will be indorsed by a major
ity of the *heat«r-golng publie.
HELEN LOEPTTJBt,
for Washington League ef Shopper».
Cultural Office Held
Victim of Own Acts
Taber Insists Agency Reform If
It Is to Get Any Money
By Gould Lincoln
The House Appropriation» Committee
has used the meat axe on the "informa
tion and cultural program" of the State
Department, knocking out the amount
of $31,381,220 requested In the Presi
dent's budget for those activities. Two
main reasons are advanced for this
action. First, that these activities are
not authorized by law, but were estab
lished by executive order. Second, that
the administration of the activities has
been inefficient or worse. The cutting
of these appropriations from the State,
Justice, Commerce, Judiciary Appro
priation bill for 1948 was the work first
of a subcommittee headed by Repre
sentative Stefan, Republican, of
Nebraska. It was backed by the full
committee and by Chairman Taber.
Loud wails have gone up from the
State Department and from various or
ganizations and persons interested In
the work of the information and cul
tural divisions of the department Secre
tary of State Marshall himself has gone
to bat for the battered agency. A great
deal of pressure is being exercised upon
members of both the House and Senate.
As of today, it appears that there will
have to be a drastic revision of the per
sonnel and administration of the infor
mation and cultural agencies of the
department and a large cut In the total
amount allotted for this kind of activity
If they are to survive at all.
$10,000,004 Called Acceptable.
The State Department, it is said pri
vately, Is willing to accept a $10,000,000
appropriation for these service»—al
though of course it would like to hav·
the whole $31,000,000 plus. But whether
Mr. Taber, Mr. Stefan· and their col
leagues in the committee and the House
Itself are to give any sum for these
activities still is a question. They dont
want to. They contend that a Govern
ment sponsored program to be sent to
foreign lands is out of tune with Ameri
can precedents and principles, and that
the Government should not remain in
the news business, but it should be left
largely to private Initiative with gov
ernmental encouragement.
Chairman Taber of the House Appro
priations Committee has suggested the
committee might relent and give aome
appropriation for. these Information and
cultural services. He has laid down,
however, some "musts" which are to
precede any favorable action by his
committee. One Is the passage of a
bill authorizing the activities (a bill for
this purpose has already been Intro
duced in the House). To get this au
thorization, Mr. Taber insists, it must
be demonstrated that the broadcasting
service will at all times support the
position of the State Department and
be loyal beyond question and that the
service shall be on a business basis.
Mr. Taber has been particularly
aroused over the fact that while Sec
retary of State Marshall was battling
recently in Moscow for agreements with
Russia on German and Austrian peace
treaties, this radio service of the Stat·
Department was sending over the air
to Russia a glorification of Henry Wal
lace, "the country's leading opponent of
the department's policy." He charges,
too, that a denunciation of President
Truman's orders, designed to rid the
Government service of those who are
disloyal, was posted on the bulletin
board In the place from which the
broadcasting to foreign countries origi
nates in New Tork. Further, he has been
informed, he says, that a man assigned
to work on this broadcasting service In
Moscow at the time of the meeting of
the Council of Foreign Ministers proved
Inefficient and had to be sent home.
Senators Also Dissatisfied.
The antagonism to the present infor
mation and cultural setup in the State
Department is by no means confined, on
Capitol Hill, to the House. Several Sen
ators have declared themselves utterly
dissatisfied and unwilling to appropri
ate money for these services unless there
Is a complete house-cleaning. Senator
Ferguson, Republican, of Michigan, on·
of the keenest Investigators in the Sen
ate, has quietly made an investigation
of the operations of this broadcasting
section. He has, It Is learned, obtained,
copies of orders—which he does not
claim originated with the Secretary of
State or officials of the highest level in
the department—to "slant" news from
this country to be sent abroad, giving it
a leftist twist. He is likely to take the
floor of the Senate any day and discuss
the matter in considerable detail.
Senator Bricker, Republican, of Ohio,
! M .il .<·_ - « «..«■ - -
«a» RUVUUU TïiiU 1UM IXbUC I CgiUU 1UT U1C
broadcasting service as now constituted.
A couple of months ago he requested
copies of the material which was being
broadcast to Russia. He was told the
matter was not for distribution. He and
other Senators take the position that
they are unwilling to vote to continu·
appropriations for an agency which will
not let a member of the Senate see what
it is sending out. There are other Sena
tors who go along with him.
These critical members of Oongraaa
admit the valu· of presenting new· of
America and the American point of view
to foreigners; but they think that a great
deal of money is at present being wasted
in these services. In addition, they believe
that the news matter sent out la being
colored to suit the views of radical left
ists and they will insist on that being
stopped.
Passion Understood
From th· Cleveland *·»«.
We believe we know Just how the
Bronx driver felt. We never eloped
with a bus, but we have fallen In lov·
with locomotive·.
No Fun on th· Rood?
From th· ItoatMlo (low») Tin mi.
It'· been said that th· peopl· who
travel for comfort nowaday· muft b·
pretty miserable at bom*.
Three Orchard Trees
To think three ancient treee could wear
A bloom to light,
In inch diver Ht y ββ then.
Yet all to whita—
The cherry brittle wtth Me now,
The ivory lutter
Of the cool pear, the tea-ttained foam
Of fringed plum clutter:
To think tuch austere bought would free
So toft, to twift.
So carelest and to frail a thower
Of petal-drift—
At god», forgetting they were gode
And old and brown,
Might laugh tomewhere, and the pale
notet
Coma drifting down.

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