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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 08, 1947, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1947-05-08/ed-1/seq-2/

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Marshall Asks Shift
Of Occupation Job
To Civilian Control
By Gornett D. Horner
Secretary of State Marshal
wants administration of th<
American occupation zones ir
Germany, Austria and Kores
shifted from the Army to th<
State Department.
Taking an exactly opposite stan<
on this issue from that of hi
predecessor, James P. Byrnes, Gen
Marshall thus gave an unexpecte*
turn to a dispute which has beei
going on for months.
The Secretary's views were out
lined yesterday at his first new
conference since returning from th
foreign ministers' meeting at Mos
Favors Civilian Control.
Conceding that he is not pre
pared to say the transfer will be ef
fected. Gen. Marshall remarked tha
when he was Chief of Staff he fa
vored civilian administration of th<
occupied zones and that he stil
. Gen. Marshall said the State De·
partment might make some mistake!
at the outset, but it is important tc
start divorcing the military from th<
task of administering the threi
The Army still would be used tc
maintain order and back up thf
occupation authorities.
Mr. Byrnes, contending the State
Department's role is to make policj
rather than administer it, success
fully ODDOsed sueeest.ions last, vpai
by Secretary of War Patterson and
Gen. Eisenhower that the Army b«
relieved of bossing the show.
Since the Army first took over
civilians have replaced military mer
in an increasing number of posts ir
the occupation zones. The War De
partment nevertheless remains pri
marily responsible for administra
tion and the governors of al
four zones—including Japan—are
Should the shift be made, Gen
Marshall told reporters, diversior
of appropriations from the War tc
the State Department would be
Reviews World Situation.
Reviewing foreign policy problems
around the world, Gen. Marshall
said also:
Prance's needs for more coal and
wheat were discussed yesterday with
French Ambassador Henri Bonnet.
Steps to raise Germany's per
mitted level of industry and to im
prove Japan's economic situation are
under ^consideration.
A program for intensifying eco
nomic rehabilitation and develop
ment of political independence in
Korea should be ready to be sub
mitted to Congress soon.
He iiS locking into relations with
Argentina and the possibility of
holding a projected inter-American
defense conference at Rio de Janierc
this year but Is not ready to an
nounce anytning yet.
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-çhek'i
recent reorganization of the Chi
nese government Is a step in the
right direction, and he hopes It will
lead to something constructive in
the way of representative govern
ment for China.
Jle Vi«w» Unchanged,
jnlted States his not changed
Its views about Palestine but is not
pressing them at the moment, be
lieving the best chance for an ac
ceptable settlement of that prob
lem lies with a "neutral" United
Nations committee.
The present Greek government
Is certainly not the kind he likes,
and he hopes to see improvement In
connection with the $400.000,000
Greek-Turkish aid program.
Gen. Marshall refused to say
whether France has been assured
any greater coal and wheat sup
plies but did say no proposition for
extending extraordinary assistance
to France to combat communism,
along the lines of the Greek-Turk
ish aid proposals, is being considered.
Gen. Marshall was asked at one
point whether there was any men
tion of the atomic bomb in his
conference with Prime Minister
Stalin in Moscow recently. He re
fused to answer. He also refused
any comment on Harold E. Stassen's
interview with Stalin.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Sunny and
cool, with temperature near 58 this
afternoon. Clear tonight with low
est about 38 degrees in the city and
frost \ikely in suburban areas. To
morrow mostly sunny with milder
in afternoon.
Virginia—Clear with light heavy
frost in the interior tonight. To
morrow increasing cloudiness and
slightly milder.
Maryland—Fair with light heavy
frost tonight. Tomorrow fair with
milder in aftéfnoon.
Wind velocity, 22 miles per hour;
direction, northwest.
Klv'r Report.
(From lï. S. Engineers*.
Potomac River clear a1 Harpers Ferry
ana slightly muddy at Great Falls; Shen
andoah clear at Harpers Ferry
Temperature and Humidity.
(Readings at Washington National A:rpor* )
Temperature. Humidity
Yesterday— Degrees. Per Cent.
Noon ββ 6"
4 pm. 59 62
s p m 51 65
Midnight 44 62
f a.m. 4.1 63
10 am 4, 38
Eeeord Temperatures Tils Tear.
Highest. ST. on April «
Lowest. 7, on February 5.
Tide Table*.
(Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
Today. Tomorrow
tJlB-V, o-*,r α W « »*>
Low 4:0ft a.m. 3 04 a m
Huh 10:04 p.m. 11:04 p.m.
Low 5:10 p.m. 5:51 p.m
The San and Moon.
Rues. Sets.
Sun. todav 6:02 7:08
Sun. tomorrow .. 5:Ofi 7:08
Moon today lu .45 ο m. 7:08 p.m
Automobile lights must be turned on
ene-hali hour after sunset.
Monthly precipitation in inches In the
Capital ι current month to date):
.. Month. 1847 Average. Record.
January 3.18 3.55 7.83 '37
February 1.27 3.37 6.84 '84
March 1.02 8.75 8.84 '91
- Anril 5.48 3.27 9 13 '89
May 0.37 3 70 ΙΟ.β!' '80
iune 4.13 10.W4 *00
-u.y 4.71 10.63 '86
4.01- 14.41 '28
3?Ptember ___ 3-4 1745 '34
Bctober ... « K4 js.gj -37
-November _ ° 37 ? 18 "77
December .17 3.82 7.56 '01
Temperature? in Varions Cities.
Hieh. Low. *ïi«h Low
AlbUQueroue £5 57 Miairl * S3
Atlanta 78 45 Milwaukee 46
Atlantic City 67 38 New Orleans SI
..Bismarck __ §0 25 New York xf
- Boston 63 40 Noriolk
-Br.aalo ___ 40 30 Okie City
Cincinnati.L RS 80 Phoenix
"étroit ___ 40 31 Pittsburgh
. Chicaso |5 33 Omaha
<<Cia " " "
El Paso P2 63 P'land. 'Me.
- Oilveston S3 72 St. Louis
Harrlsburi 57 34 S Lake City
Indianapolis .>■· :;i San Antonio
„ Kansas City 65 50 S. Francisco
„Lgs Angeles 'I 53 Seattle . _
aLouisvllle .. 59 40 Tampa
- Sydney, Australia, claims that its
tRoyal Exchange is the largest wool
•filing center in the world.
Stalin-Stassen Text Altered
In U. S- Press, Reds Charge
■y rn· Aitoctoted Pr*u
LONDON, May 8.—The Moscow
radio said today "a number of
deliberate alterations and un
■ precise points" appeared in the
1 text of the recent conversation
of Prime Minister Stalin with
Republican Leader Harold E.
Stassen, as issued by Mr. Stassen
|and published by the American
. I The broadcast quoted a long and
painstaking comparison of the texts
as published by the Russian news
I agency Tass and the English-lan
i guage translation. The chief differ
ences appeared to be variations in
! the translation of words. Tass for
! instance, preferred the word "col
l laborate" to "co-operate," ae used
; in the English text, and the word
"control" for "regulation."
Tass termed its version the cor
rect one, saying the transcript
- handed to Mr. Stassen in Moscow
■ was the one approved both by him
; ] self and Mr. Stalin. The Tass
■ j translation, however, paraphrased
ι j the interview almost entirely, mak
Ijing virtuaiy impossible a word-for
i word comparison of the two ver
! sions.
I V U4 V illO umivvo l/l l/VU UJi
I Moscow :
1. According to the American
Uext, Mr. Stassen asked Mr. Stalin
; whether "these two economic sys
: terns (the American and Russian)
can exist together in the same mod
iern world in harmony with each
'other." But Tass said, Mr. Stassen
had asked whether "these two eco
nomic systems could co-exist in
one world and collaborate with each
(other after the war."
2. Mr. Stassen quoted Mr. Stalin
as saying "the United States and
jthe U. S. S. R. systems are differ
ent, but we didnlt wage war against
(each other and the U. S. S. R. does
not propose to." Tass reported
merely that Mr. Stalin said: "The
economic systems of the United
J States of America and the U. S. S. R
I were different, but they did not
fight each other but collaborated
during the war." Tass reported
nothing concerning any pledge of
Russia's future intentions.
3. Mr. Stassen, who challenged
Mr. Stalin's prewar statement that
the two systems could not co
operate, said the Russian leader re
plied: "I might have said that one
system was reluctant to co-operation
but that concerned only one side.
But as to the possibility of co-opera
tion, I adhere to Lenin, who ex
pressed both the possibility and the
I desire of co-operation."
Tass. however, paraphrased this,
and said "probably he (Stalin) had
, said that one system, the capitalist,
for instance, did not want to col
laborate, but this pertained to de
j sires and not to possibilities of
i collaboration."
Staesen's Remarks Challenged.
4. Mr. Stassen reported that he,
himself, said: "Imperialism, the de
velopment of state monopoly and
the oppression of workers are the
evils of capitalism practiced by the
Nazis. It seems to me we have
been successful in America in pre
venting the monopoly of capitalism
and the imperialistic trend, and
that the workers have made greater
progress through the use of their
vote and their freedom than Karl
Marx or Frederich Engeie thought
they could make."
Tass paraphrased this to read that
Lane and 500 Others at Dinner
Wait in Vain for Celebrities
By tH· Associated Press |
BALTIMORE, May 8.—The Gov
ernor of Maryland, 500 dinner guests
.—at $10 a plate—and 300 spectators
Three and one-half hours later
they were still waiting—but Bing
Crosby, A1 Jolson, Don Ameche and
; Walter Winchell didn't show up.
The occasion was a benefit dinner
last night for cancer and infantile
I paralysis funds.
William E. Charles of Columbus.
I Ohio, secretary of the Horseman's
Benevolent and Protective Associa
; tion, which sponsored the dinner,
! explained :
"I talked with «ne of Mr. Winch
ell's secretaries and I had her as
surance then they were all coming.
I wrote to Mr. Winchell April 30. I
did not get a reply from him.
"No, I did not talk yith Crosby,
Jolson or Ameche. We had no in
tention of building up the affair
without any basis."
After the lone wait, Toastmaster
Bill Corum, sports columnist, finally
read a telegram from Mr. Winchell
which said:
"I tried to make it but I had to
go to the doctor instead."
Mr. Winchell's secretary said in
New York he had been hospitalized
with β sinus infection.
Mr. Jolson said he had never been
invited but surely would have been
on hand had he known |bout it.
Mr. Crosby and Mr. Ameche were
not available immediately.
Boy Legislature, 170 Present,
To Meet in Annapolis Today
By α Staff Correspondent of The Star
ANNAPOLIS, May 8.—About 170
youths from throughout the State
will gather here today for the Boy
Legislature, an annual event of the
Maryland YMCA, with members of
the Hl-Y Clubs participating.
Gov. Lane will send a message to
the model joint session of the House
and Senate this afternoon, after
which the boy Governor—William
W. Rowan III of Baltimore—will
deliver his mesage : "What It Means
to Be a Legislator."
At 4 o'clock both houses are
scheduled to meet to receive bills
and hear committee assignments.
Harris Lefe of Hagerstown has been
named president of the Senate and
Charles P. Wise of Baltimore
Speaker of the House.
Committee meetings are slated for
4:30 o'clock and a dinner with
entertainment is scheduled at 6:15.
A night session from 8 to 9:30
o'clock will speed up the legislative
progress of the three-day session.
Arrangements for lodging are be
ing made with Annapolis families
for the next two nights. Between
sessions the boys will find relaxa
j tion in dinner sessions featuring
entertainers, movies and group sing
ing. Sociai events have been ar
ranged by the local Hi-Y Tri-Hi-Y
! Commitees will meet at 9:15 a.m.
Ellis Style
«1 OK
^ _ .J —
Mixed drinks—Beer, wine.
G*f> CUu
1011 Ε ST. N.W. ME. 6382
"Stassen said that much had been
written to the effect that the cap
istalist system produced the evil of
monopolies, Imperialism and the op
pression of the workers. He be
lieved that in the U. S. A. they had
succeeded in preventing the devel
opment of monopolist and imperial
ist tendencies by capitalism and
that the workers In the U. S. A.
enjoyed a much greater degree of
franchise than Marx or Engels could
have imagined. In this lay the
difference between the economic
system in the U. S. A. and that
which existed in Hitler Germany."
5. The Stassen text said Mr,
Stalin asked whether Mr. Stassen,
speaking of economic stabilization,
meant "the regulation of produc
tion," and that Mr. Stassen replied
"the regulation of capitalism." Tass
paraphrased Mr. Stalin, saying he
declared that Mr. Stassen meant
"control of production," and that
Mr. Stassen replied that "was cor
This difference over the words
"control" and "regulation" persisted
through the two versions of this
part of the discussion.
Stassen Commends Press
For Handling of Story
SOUTH ST. PAUL, Minn., May 8
//P).—Harold E. Stassen said today
that the "American press as a whole
deserves high commendation for its
fair and thorough manner in
handling the story" of his recent
Moscow interview with Prime
Minister Stalin of Russia.
Mr. Stassen, candidate for the
Republican nomination for Presi
dent, expressed himself in com
menting on Moscow radio's asser
tion last night that "a number of
deliberate alterations and unprecise
points" appeared in American press
reports of the transcript of the
Moscow radio's statement was
made on its completion of a 4,000
word broadcast- of the transcript
for the Soviet provincial press.
"This undoubtedly refers to the
small minority of the American
press which did not print the text
of the transcript as released in
Washington, but did print a rewrite
and partial paraphrase and con
densation of the complete inter
view," Mr. Stassen told the As
sociated Press.
Still Has Russian Notes.
"The fact that the London
Bureau of the Associated Press com
pared the Russian broadcast to the
Russian newspapers with the Eng
lish text as released in Washing
ton further corroborates the very
careful and exact translation and
reconciliation of the English and
Russian notes which we made be
fore the release.
"I still have in my possession the
original notes in Russian of the
"The overwhelming majority of
American newspapers, including
nearly all leading newspapers from
coast to coast, printed the com
plete and accurate text as released,
and reserved their own comment
for their editorial pages. The
American press as a whole deserves
high commendation for its fair and
thorough manner in handling the
"With the great difference in press
systems, the Russian press always
has difficulty in understanding that
the individual manner in which a
few newspapers in America handle
& story does not represent the
American press as a whole."
tomorrow and the two legislative
houses will meet for an hour begin
ning at 11 a.m. After a brief after
noon legislative session the boys will
visit the Naval Academy and a
banquet will be held at 6:15 p.m.
The State-wide event is inter
racial and a number of delegations
from Montgomery, Prince Georges
and Southern Maryland Counties
are due to participate. Dr. J. Carey
Taylor, assistant superintendent in
charge of secondary schools in Bal-:
timoré, is general chairman.
Father Clarke to Address
Gonzaga Parents' Group
Rev. P. J. Clarke. S. J., will be
speaker at the monthly meeting of;
the Gonzaga Parents' Association at ι
8 o'clock Friday night in the audi-1
torium of the school. His address
will follow the annual eleetion of
Father Clarke, former headmaster
of the school, organized the Par
ents' Association 15 years ago. He
will repeat his popular lecture, "The
Little Savage."
Mom likes to take pictures or movies of the
family also! Give her the chance with a camera
from BRENNER. It is so easy!
Over 1,500 different corneras, photo and movie
equipment and supplies from which to select.
Brenner&Pheto Co.
933 PENNA. AVE. N.W. RE. 2434
Aathortird «raler l.r Kedik. Anire. Bell A Howell, Gr»fl*s. Defender. Am·.
Uu>, Itterti GE· Wnt··· Belletflex.
Congress Faces Plea
For 75 Millions to
Rehabilitate Korea
ly th· Associated Press
An approaching administra
tion plea for perhaps $75.000 000
to reinforce Southern Korea
confronted Congress today as
the House entered the voting
stage of its fight over helping
Greece and Turkey resist Com
munist domination.
After two full days spent in gen
eral discussion of the $400,000,000
Greek-Turkish aid bill, the House
turned to specific proposals for re
stricting the program and changing
its terms. Chief among the amend
ments likely to be put to a show
down test before nightfall is one to
shift the burden to the United Na
To a hushed House near the close
of yesterday's debate, Minority
Leader Rayburn cried out against a
return to "isolationism."
Sees Responsibility to Help.
In impassioned tones he declared:
"God help us, God help this world,
if we do not accept our responsibil
ity to help countries that do not
want to be smothered by commu
From across the aisle, where the
Republicans have been divided on
the Issue since it first was posed by
President Truman nearly two
months ago, Representative Wads
worth, Republican, of New York,
voiced the answer of those in GOP
ranks who have lined up behind the
administration's expanding foreign
: policy.
"I am convinced," Mr. Wadsworth
; said, "that when we defend liberty
ι the world over we are defending our
town liberty. This measure is a
forthright declaration In the sup
iport of righteousness. The struggle
I for liberty is never finished. We
must stand up on our feet and sup
port liberty."
"Gag" on Debate Protested.
Several opponents of the measure
protested what Representative
Smith, Republican, of Wisconsin,
' called the "gag" imposed by sup
porters of the measure in limiting
general debate to nine hours.
Representative Owen, Republican,
of Illinois termed it "mighty unfair"
to have only "one minute allotted to
the State of Illinois."
Mr. Rayburn had pictured for his
colleagues the possibility that Rus
sia—once it had attained control
over Greece and Turkey—would
move on to other lands around the
Mediterranean and in Europe and
Asia. "If $400,000,000 will help us
stop that thing, I for one am willing
to appropriate it," he said, adding:
"If Greece and Turkey need help,
they need it now, not 60 days from
now, not 90 days or a year from now.
It might be too late.
"It might be too late," Mr.
Rayburn rçpeated slowly for em
Marshall Maps Korean Plans.
Even as the House was weighing
the price and measuring the prob
lems of halting the march of Com
munism. Secretary of State Marshall
was telling a news conference—his
first since returning from Moscow—
that Congress would be asked very
shortly to authorize a Korean pro
He said the State Department is
going ahead with its own plans in
Korea — obviously as insurance
a-gainst the possibility that the
United States and Russia, which
occupies Northern Korea, will fail
to reach an agreement on setting
up a provisional government. He
offered no estimate of the cost.
But other officials said It would
call for a first year outlay of $75,
000,000 in addition to $135,000,000 or
more for regular occupation ex
penses. The money would be used
largely to reviving war damaged
consumer good industries—now op
erating at only 10 to 20 per cent
of capacity—and to repairing pub
lic utilities.
It has been the cost of the aid-to
free-peoples foreign policy—plus the
impact of singlehanded American
a«tion in foreign capitale—that has
dominated opposition arguments
against the Greek-Turkish aid
Issues Before House.
The same arguments were ex
pected to crop up today as the
House -turned to debating and vot
ing on :
1. Transferring the whole prob
lem to the U. N.
λ. λ lequu'eiuBiit Limi ureece πα
herself of the monarchy before get
ting eny aid.
3. A reduction in the $400,000,000
4. Elimination of any assistance
for Turkey.
5. Restricting the Greek aid to
civilian relief, rather than the lim
ited military help which the pending
program also would provide.
The administration counted heav
ily on nearly 75 per cent of the
House Democratic minority, plus
about half pf the Republican major
ity, to fight off the amendments
and approve the bill, possibly to
Father Gets 5 to 18 Years
In Child's Fatal Beating
By the Associated Press
port Pleasant, w. va., May
8.—A 27-year-old farmhand was
under sentence of δ to 18 years today
after pleading guilty to a second
degree murder charge in the fatal |
beating of his 2-year-old son.
Orlando Patterson said he beat
the child "to break him of nursing."
The victim's death was attributed;
to multiple hemorrhages by Coroner !
Roy Eshenaur. who performed an:
autopsy on Lewis Pattersons body
after it had been removed from a
hearse on its way to a cemetery.
Judge Lewis H. Miller gave a six
months' sentence in Mason County
Jail to Velma Crawford, 27, unwed
mother of the boy, who pleaded
guilty to unlawful cohabitation.
Long Lines Union Head
Accepts $4.40 Raise
For 20,000 Workers
Another link was welded into
thé growing chain of telephone
strike settlements today when
long-lines union officials, agreed
to a $4.40 weekly average pay in
crease, subject to almost certain
membership ratification.
The agreement signed at the
Labor Department affects 20,000
American Telephone & Telegraph
Co. long-distance workers in 42
Government conciliators who
concentrated on long lines negotia
tions during the month-old strike
said the settlement should lead to
quick solution of 28 other disputes
ι involving Bell System companies.
All but about 300 of more than
3.000 District Federation of Te!e
phone Workers, who signed a strike
settlement yesterday, had returned
to work today, according to the
Chesapeake & Potomac Telephone
Officially Honoring Pickets.
wuiciuuy, me ur ι w sun was re
specting picket lines of the Wash
ington Telephone Traffic Union,
whose 3,400 members have not
reached a settlement. The company
reported 3,270 employes—50 per cent
of normal—were working today and
that the accounting department
force was 95 per cent normal, and
the commercial and plant depart
| ments 87 per, cent.
The company also announced
25,799 long-distance calls completed
yesterday, only about 10,000 short
of a normal day.
Immediately after initialing the
long lines agreement, John J. Moran.
president of the American Union of
Telephone Workers, left for New
York to present it to the nine-man
union executive board. The strike
can end at once if the board ap
proves, he saJd.
End of O. C. Walkout Possible.
With this potential settlement,
more than 100.000 of the 340,000
workers who struck April 7 have
returned, or have made arrange
ments to return to work.
The pact inspired hope here that
all of the 7,000 Washington area
strikers would be back to work by
Monday. Looking to that end, the
WTTU was to meet with the tele
phone company this afternoon.
Yesterday, the company said It
was surveying rate structures to
determine what wage increase it
could offer the WTTU's members,
mostly operators.
Settlement Sought by Sunday.
The union is asking $6 a week in
creases. reduction from eight to six
years for maximum pay, and other
concessions. The company has of
fered to arbitrate wages, work sched
ules and progressions, vacations and
leaves of absence for union officials.
Goal of Conciliation Commissioner
Ε. T. Bell was to develop a settle
ment by Sunday, when the new con
tract of the DFTW is to take effect
if all members are back on the
job. The maintenance, commercial
and accounting employes yesterday
agreed to go back to work for $2 to
Government conciliators and ne
gotiators plugged away for nearly
eight hours before announcing at
3:25 a.m. approval of the long-lines
Basic wages In the agreement
ranged from $2 to $5. depending on
geographical wage indices in the 256
communities served by A. T. & T.'s
long-distance workers. Top pay in
creases of $5 were given only to Buf
falo and Boston workers. The max
imum increase in other areas was $4.
"Fringe" Adjustments Included.
The $4.40 average Increase in
cluded "fringe" wage adjustments
average 68 cents weekly. Pringe pay
ments closely conformed with those
handed out to the District Federa
tion workers yesterday.
Nonsupervisory employes per
forming management activities were
granted a $1.40 daily differential and
an extra day s vacation when a reg
ular holiday falls during a vaca
tion period. Unlike the District
union, the long-line# group retained
its maintenance of membership
form of security. Here voluntary
checkoff dues replaced maintenance
of membership.
Also provided for the long-lines
workers were travel time for con
struction gangs and double pay for
operators on Christmas and New
Year eve.
May Respect Picket Lines.
There is a strong possibility that
long-lines workers will respect pick
et lines of other NFTW unions in
any cities where local strikes are
not settled.
Since the strike hpcmn. in of the
39 participating NFTW unions have
made settlements. Strikers have
returned to work in some parts of
Illinois, New York, Pennsylvania,
New Jersey, Maryland. Minnesota,
the Dakota.?, Iowa, Nebraska and
Although the NFTW's treasury
has been nearly depleted by the
long strike, the group still is de
termined to carry out a reorgani- j
zation program started last year.
The unions propose to establish
a more closely knit group under
the name of Communications Work
ers of America. The change-over
was scheduled for June 8 at a con
vention in Miami, but the present !
financial condition may force a
postponement, a union official said.
; , ■ . .
Child Checkup Tomorrow
The Janney School PTA will hold
its "summer roundup"—a physical'
checkup of children planning to
enter kindergarten for the first !
time—at 8:45 a.m. tomorrow in the
school auditorium. Doctors, dentiste
and trained nurses will be present
to give the children a complete ex
NEW! "2-0-8"
The Fragrance of Evening in Pari» Perfume
i$ intensified, more lasting on your skin.
J^TT! ^
Aleman Jubilantly Welcomed
On His Return to Mexico City
β 1 in· MMwraiva rin*
MEXICO CITY, May 8.—Presi
dent Miguel Aleman was back in his
own land today, convinced that his
nine-day visit in the United States
and President Truman's visit to
Mexico had demonstrated qualities
of international amity "which should
be an example for the whole world."
A roaring crowd estimated to
number between 300,000 and 400,000
i persons—one of the largest throngs
lever seen in this old city—greeted
I the returning Chief Executive at the
airport last night with tumultuous
shouts of "Bravo, bravo," and
"Viva Aleman."
Some in the crowd even burst
through double lines of troops
guarding the President and slapped
him heartily on the back.
Church bells rang, rockets flared
in the sky, booming cannons sounded
a 21-gun salute and bands—almost
unheard in the din—blared out the
national anthem.
Mr. Aleman returned as he went,
in President Truman's personal
plane, "The Sacred Cow." stepping
down from the plane at 10:55 p.m.
(CST) with three members of his
cabinet and his son Miguelito, 14.
He struggled through the crowd
at the ah port entrance and mounted
a tribune, where Fernando Casas
Aleman, governor of the federal dis
trict, gave him a gold medal for
"patriotic merit" and for his "sin
gular achievement" in cementing re
lations between Mexico and the
United States.
Obviously deeply touched by the
crowd's enthusiasm, the President
said he felt the demonstration to
! be a representation of Mexico's will
ι to "march and flght together for
"We took to the people of the
uuiircu oi**ce» nie aeiutc Oi me mrx*
ican people," he declared. "The
people of Mexico deserted their
houses and gathered in the streets
when President Truman came here
and the people of the United States
gave an equal demonstration of af
fection to the Mexican people
through me.
"I am sure President Truman's
visit and mine mark the beginning
of a new era of friendship, under
standing and co-operation between
our two peoples which should be an
example for all the world."
Later he told those in his Imme
diate circle that the trip, during
which he visited Washington, New
York, Chattanooga and Kansas City,
had hardened his determination to
Press forward with his great plans
for a Mexican TVA in Veracruz
state, extensive irrigation systems
and power plants in many places
all part of a $500,000,000 program
during his six-year term—to better
the lot of 22,000,000 Mexicans.
A sign over the tribune reflected
something of what many in the
crowd felt: "The country receives
jubilantly the hero of her liberty."
It took President Aleman nearly
an hour to drive from the airport
to the palace, where another huge
sign, in neon, reproduced a quota
tion from one of his speeches in the
United States: "Two peoples who
profoundly love their independence
have found ways of understanding
and living without violence and
without feajs."
He appeared on the balcony of the
palace to receive continued cheers.
The banks in Mexico were closed
today and government offices opened
late because employes spent most of
the night celebrating.
Death of Aqueduct Head
Called 'Apparent Suicide'
ly the Associated Press
GREAT RIVER,. Ν. Y., May 8.—
The shotgun death of Theodore J.
Knapp, 55," president of the Queens
County Jockey Club that operates
Aqueduct race
track, was an
"apparent s u i
cide," Qrover A.
Silliman, Suffolk
County coroner,
said last night.
Police Chief
Richard Tucker
of Islip said the
wealthy stock
broker was found
dead shortly aft
er 11 p.m. Tues
day by Francis
Thome, a friend
who had accom
panied him to Tlieodor* Knapp.
the exclusive South Side Sportsmen's
Club. Friends said Mr. Knapp had
complained recently of failing
Chief Tucker said Mr. Knapp evi
dently shot himself in the face in
a dressing room of his suite at the
club, dropped the gun and walked
18 feet to his bed.
Mr. Knapp lived in New York
City. On February 1 he married
Mrs. Gladys Peabody, once described
by Artist Howard Chandler Christy
as "the most beautiful matron in
San Francisco."
New Court Selected
For Brutality Trial
By th· Associated Press
ANNAPOLIS, May 8.—A new
judge advocate and general court -
Navy to hear charges against Pfc.
Arthur E. Fannin, Jr., 21, of Logan,
W. Va., the third of six men accused
of abusing prisoners in the Severn
River Naval Command brig.
Fannin's trial will begin at the
Naval Academy Saturday.
Lt. Comdr. Frank Hertel will pros
ecute the case as Judge advocate,
with Comdr. James B. Denton serv
ing as his counsel.
A former guard of the brig, Fan
nin will be defended by Myron G.
Ehrlich, Washington attorney.
The Navy charged him with "mal
treatment of persons subject to his
orders" and "conduct to the preju
dice of good order and discipline."
Specifications in the first count
allege that he burned a prisoner on
the chest and back with a lighted
cigarette, beat two with a leather
belt and struck two.
The second charge states that he
threatened a prisoner that "if I get
soaked for this, If it takes 15 years
I will get you for this," following a
report to academy authorities of ir
regularities in the brig.
The president of the new court
will be Comdr. H. A. Lamar of Falls
Church. Va.
D.C. Milkman to Get Medal
For Saving Boy in Sewer
National recognition for saving a
life while on his milk delivery route
will go to R. Scott Wilson, 1369
Nicholson street N.W.
Mr. Wilson in May, 1946, saw Pat
rick A. Kilgallen, 9, disappear into
an Arlington storm sewer after fall
ing into a flooded stream. Mr. Wil
son rescued the boy at the sewer's
Officials of Thompson's Dairy,
where Wilson now is employed, said
tie has been named one of 14 men
In the Nation to receive the silver
Pasteur Medal, awarded by the Milk
[ndustry Foundation for heroism by ;
milk industry personnel. Date of
the presentation was not announced.
Mr Wilson was an employe of
Model Farms Dairy at the time of
the rescue.
Reds Hit U.S. Customs
On 'Missing Baggage'
By tb· Associoted Prtit
MOSCOW, May 8—A Tass mes
sage from New York, dated May 6,
asserted that Soviet diplomatic bag
gage has twice been missing from
New York customs recently.
The message declared that the So
viet Ministry of foreign Affairs re
cently sent 29 cases oi diplomatic
baggage addressed to Russian repre
sentatives with the United Nations.
It was delivered to customs from the
steamer Albion Victory, Tass said.
/'Customs officials gave out only
27 boxes," stated Tass.
Tass said before this there was
another occasion when 19 cases of
diplomatic baggage were delivered
to customs by the ship Gogol and
only 15 cases were handed out to
Soviet representatives in New York.
In New York last night, Harry
Durning, customs collector for the
Port of New York, described as "un
qualifiedly an absolute untruth" a
Moscow, radio broadcast relating
substantially the same facts as those
contained in the Tass message.
"All Russian diplomatic baggage
has the privilege of complete, free
entry into the United States," Mr.
Durning said. "Any such baggage
goes right on through customs with
UÀjiiwMini/ΐυ uuiviai lit niiu^c Util C
It is being brought into this coun
Congress in Brief
ly th· Associated Preu
Continues consideration of legis
lation to restrict activities of labor
Public Welfare Subcommittee con
tinues hearings on bills to raise sub
sistence to veterans attending col
Appropriations Subcommittee hears
Interior Department officials on
supply bill for next year.
War Investigating Committee
meets to discuss late President !
Roosevelt's papers relating to Arab
ian oil contract.
Finance Committee continues
closed door consideration of income
tax cut bill.
Continues debate on Greek-Turk
ish aid program.
.Expenditures Committee hears
Gen. Eisenhower on Army-Navy
Receiving Home Bid
Of $334,542 Studied
A bid of $334,542 for construction
of a new Receiving Home for Chil
dren at Mount Olivet road and Cor
coran street N.E. was under study
today by the Commissioners.
The bid was submitted yesterday
by John Tester & Son, Inc., 418
Florida avenue N.E. It was the only ;
one of five submitted which was
less than the $335,000 appropriation
the District has on hand for the;
Our 81st Year
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the resignation of Dr. Alexander
Loudon, Netherlands Ambassador
to the United
Loudon's Resignation
As Dutch Ambassador
Surprises Friends
Embassy circles In Washington
were taken by surprise today by
Dr. London.
His friends
here had known
for some time
that he was not
well. Neverthe
less, many of
them received
their first news
that the 54
y e a iv-old diplo
mat is leaving
his post in an
Associated Press
dispatch from
The Hague last
night. Acting on
advice of his physicians he had sub
mitted his resignation to the Min
istry of Foreign Affairs effective
July 1, the report said.
Dr. Loudon has represented his
country here since 1938, first as
Minister and, In later years, as Am
bassador. The Dutch mission was
raised to embassy status In 1942, at
the request of President Roosevelt.
Dr. Loudon, who speaks perfect
English and is married to an Amer
ican, has long been familiar with
this country. He first came here
about 25 years ago as legation secre
tary. He has traveled and spoken
widely in the United States. He
also has served, among other places,
in Portugal and Switzerland.
His marriage to the former Bea
trice C. Cobb took place φ1η 1935.
The Loudons have two children,
Henriette, 7, and Alexander, jr., 3.
They live at 2347 S street N.W.
\ ·
Three Women Injured
In Two District Fires
An early morning blaze In a three
story brick building in the 1800
block of Kalorama road N.W. to
day injured Mrs. Cornelia Hamilton,
39, colored, and Mrs. Delma Parker,
39, also colored, and sent other
tenants of the rooming house into
the street.
Mrs. Hamilton suffered second de
gree burns of the face and shoulder,
and Mrs. Parker was severely cut
on the right hand.
Cause of the fire, which started
on the second floor of the structure
shortly before 3 a.m. is as yet unde
Mrs. Mary Mays, 50, colored, was
also slightly injured yesterday when
a fire swept through three floors of
an apartment house in the 3100
block of Sherman avenue N.W. at
the height of the rush-hour traffic.
The blaze started in a second floor
apartment and swept upward to
/-...il. a ι r ii
checked. Mrs. Mays was taken to
Preedman's Hospital, where her con
dition was .described as good.
Clay Stresses Winning
Of Peace in Germany
FRANKFURT, May 8.—In a radio
address, marking the second an
niversary of the Nazi surrender,
Oen. Lucius D. Clay last night told
Ameripan occupation troops that
"the peace must be won" and asked
them to dedicate themselves to that
"The task which confronts us ns
Americans in Germany can be ac
complished only if we realize Its
import and consecrate ourselves to
its accomplishment," declared the
American military governor.
iy th# Associated Pr·»
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