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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 09, 1947, Image 8

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Qtyt fâwmtig $taf
W'th Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, 0. C.
Published by
The Evening Star Newspaper Company.
FRANK B. NOYES, Présidant.
Β. M. McKELWAY, Editor.
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FRIDAY, May », 1*47
hear the run Pacts
If there is any doubt in the minds
of the Joint fiscal committee as to
the effectiveness of the Board of
Education's reply to the extraord
inary stand belatedly taken by the
Commissioners against the teachers'
pay bill, the public interest requires
that further hearings be held on this
highly vital issue. Meanwhile, the
committee-was well-advised in seek
ing additional data on teachers' pay
plans of other cities. On its face,
however, the well-reasoned state
ment submitted to the committee by
Superintendent of Schools Corning
seems convincing enough. The facts
it contains make more incompre
hensible than ever the unexpected
opposition of the Commissioners.
If logic, based on authoritative
evidence, is to be the controlling
factor, then Congress will have no
Just alternative but to approve the
pending bill. In somersaulting to
their latest position on the pay bill
the Commissioners apparently were
motivated by vague ideas and fears
that have no substance. If the
Commissioners think these ideas and
fears have substance, they owe it to
the teachers, parents and other citi
■ens of Washington to give Congress
all the facts. The cursory statement
of their opposition now in the record
is evidence only of their utter mis
understanding of the whole problem
of teachers' shortages.
It is, as Dr. Corning stated, "in
conceivable that Washington is
suffering irom a shortage of teachers
as a result of other causes than those
that prevail throughout the coun
try." Yet the Commissioners pro
fessed to believe that the sponsors
of the pay Dill have failed to prove
that the shortage of teachers is
related to inadequate salaries. If the
Commissioners know of some other
reason why it has been necessary to
hire more than 450 temporary
teachers, they should say so.
If they have some inside information
to support their fear that the single
•alary system would lead to further
shortages, the information should be
sent promptly to the Capitol. (Edu
cational. authorities assert that the
single salary system has been an
Incentive to enter the teaching pro
fession in other cities.)
In short, if Congress intends to
give the Commissioners' statement
more weight than it deserves under
the circumstances, the Board of
Education and the teachers should
be given ample opportunity to make
full rebuttal in open hearing. This
is the only fair and democratic way
of settling the dispute. It is un
thinkable that the teachers' pay bill
should suffer defeat as a result of
inconclusive arguments from any
source.
Should Artists Judge Art?
It makes the inartistic layman feel ;
a lot better to know that he is not
completely alone in his bafflement
over some of the trends in modern
art. Many persons who have ex
perienced sensations of confusion
and doubt over what has been tagged
as the latest and best in American
art (confusion as to whether they
had strayed into the wrong place
and doubt as to the reliability of
their own senses) undoubtedly were j
reassured to learn that Secretary of j
State Marshall experiences similar
bewilderment at times.
Take that widely publicized paint
ing, "Circus Lady Resting," for
example. Although chosen by a
reputed art authority as typical
work by an up-to-date American
artist and fit to be exhibited in
Europe by the State Department as
proof of our culture, the uninhibited,
bulging îady is no go as far as
Secretary Marshall is concerned.
Ever the diplomat, the Secretary was
quick to disclaim any reflection on
the lady or the artist who painted
her. "It must be very good art," he
told an appropriations committee at
the Capitol, ' because I cannot un
derstand it." He added: "I will have
to admit that I know nothing about
art, and when I find that something
. is said to be particularly good in
modern art, I seldom can under
stand it."
Something akin to the Secretary's
reaction over the circus lady was
felt by many visitors to the Biennial
Exhibition of Contemporary Amer
ican Oil'Paintings at the Corcoran
Gallery of. Art and, more recently,
to the collection of prize winners in
The Star's calendar art contest.
Bushrod W. Allin, strictly a layman
like Secretary Marshall, told in a
letter to The Star Tuesday of his
"amazement" over the winners
chosen by art experte in The Star
exhibition. His second reaction, he
«aid, was "to wonder how ignorant
I could be of such matters." By a
bit of eavesdropping, however, he
Satisfied h^seif that numerous
&
others also were flabbergasted by
the experts' choices. (The Star,
while somewhat flabbergasted itself,
prefers to remain aloof from this
controversy.)
Mr. Allin, believing in majority
rule, suggests that laymen rather
than artists be assigned to judge
such contests. Since there are more
laymen than artists, the majority
naturally would be served by such
an arrangement, he thinks. The
Star's correspondent has a point.
But the laymen's choice probably
would have the disadvantage of
being a reasonable facsimile of the
subject depicted by the artist. The
popular choice at the Corcoran show,
for instance, is a self-portrait having
photographic realism. Even Secre
tary Marshall could understand it.
Artistically speaking, that is, of
course, too bad.
Bring It to α Vote
The national security is suffering
from the adverse effects of con
tinued congressional delay in coming
to a final decision on Army-Navy
merger legislation. After months of
uncertainty, the War and Navy
Departments find themselves facing
the approach of another fiscal year
without knowing whether they are
to be two departments or one,
whether they'must plan and act
independently or together, whether
the things they do today will be
approved or countermanded under
the supersecretary setup. It Is in
evitable that the administrative
machinery of both departments
should be slowed up by the exas
perating state · of indecision now
Drevailine.
It is true that there have been
interminable delays in past years on
the hotly debated question of armed
forces unification, but, fortunately,
the Nation in those days faced no
crisis demanding prompt action.
Numerous other merger bills have
been argued and allowed to die in
committee pigeonholes, without im
pairing the national defense. A far
different situation confronts the
Army and Navy in this troubled
postwar era, however. The peace Is
not yet secure. An atomic race is
reported to be under way, pending
adoption of International compacts
precluding possibility of another war.
This is no time for our armed forces
to be holding in abeyance their vital
preparations to strengthen them
selves in a period of revolutionary
changes in military equipment,
tactics and strategy. They cannot
afford to relax in their planning
and training for even a day. Yet
they cannot push forward with the
requisite determination and confi
dence when they do not know
whether they are to travel separate,
though closely parallel paths, or one
course as a consolidated unit.
It is time that Congress make up
its mind, one way or the other, on
the merger proposition. The sub
ject is too important to be per
mitted to expire in a pigeonhole.
Failure to take decisive action now,
for or against unification, will only
extend the demoralizing period of
uncertainty for our defense planners
and further weaken our military
position. Congress will be doing a
grave disservice to the Nation if it
permits this to happen, for want of
a vote on the merger issue.
We Recognize Nepal
The State Department has just
made the most intriguing announce
ment in many a day. It seems that
we have recognized the independ
ence of Nepal and have established
diplomatic relations. To many
Americans, this may not signify
much. But to those who know their
Kipling and other writers on India,
it evokes stimulating literary memo
ries. For Nepal is the homeland of
the Gurkhas—those squat little
fighters with the terrible "kukri"
knives who have distinguished them
selves in British service for fully a
hundred years.
Nepal is an elongated band of
territory lying between the towering
Himalayan Mountains and the '
steaming plains of the Ganges basin.
It is a rugged land of foothill ranges
interspersed with valleys, chief
among them being the fertile Vale
of Nepal, the heart of the country
and the seat of the capital city,
Kathmandu. Nepal's area is slightly
less than that of New England, with
a population of about 5,500,000. This
population is, however, not homo
geneous. The ruling race is the
Gurkhas, who have determined
Nepal's history.
The Gurkhas are descended from
the Rajputs, the most warlike stock
among the Hindus. Expelled from
their homeland by Mohammedan
invaders some two centuries ago,
they took refuge in the wild hill
country of Nepal, subjugating the
primitive tribes of Mongolian stock.
The conquerors organized a curious
form of government run by a mili
tary aristocracy. The Gurkhas were
the warrior caste; the trades and
business were in the hands of low
caste Hindus, while farming and
forestry remained to the Mongolian
auungwcs.
Aggressions against their neigh
bors presently brought the Gurkhas
in conflict with the British, who were
then consolidating their hold over
India. Early in the nineteenth
century there was considerable
fighting in which the Gurkhas
proved their mettle. The turning
point in Nepal's history came when
its ruler, Jung Bahadur, was induced
to visit England in 1850. A highly
intelligent man, Jung was so im
pressed by the power of Britain
that he swore lasting friendship with
it and loyally aided the hard
pressed British during the Indian
Mutiny, seven years later.
For this notable service, not only
was img loaded with honora and
the independence of Nepal solemnly
recognized,, but also a strong contin
gent of Gurkhas was taken into
British service. Thereafter, soldier
ing under the "Raj" became the
ambition of every upstanding young
Gurkha; a career from which he
presently returned, bemedaled and
with a pension to keep him for the
rest of his days.
Yet, despite this intimate tie with
Britain, Nepal remained almost as
much of a hermit land as adjacent
Tibet. Jealous of their independence,
the Gurkha rulers excluded Euro
peans and kept very much to them
selves. The passing of British rule
in India leaves Nepal in a rather
anomalous situation. Two years ago,
a Nepalese mission came unostenta
tiously to Washington, to observe the
new great power in the world. There
followed the negotiations which
have culminated in both diplomatic
relations and a trade agreement.
Perhaps the present Gurka rulers
are animated by much the same
ideas as those of Jung Bahadur, a
century ago.
Victory for the PUC
During the war, when ΟΡΑ was
tiding high and full of power, the
District Public Utilities Commission
found itself engaged in a curious
three-cornered fight in utility regu
lation. In addition to its normal
differences with the utilities, whose
rates it was to fix, It found itself
In a continuing battle with attor
neys representing, first, the ΟΡΑ
and, later on, the Treasury's Pro
curement Agency and the Federal
Works Agency. Intervening as In
terested parties to the rate disputes,
these agencies sought in effect to
supersede the commission in the
regulation of rates. With the power
of the Federal Government behind
them, their attorneys helped to cre
ate a mare's nest of litigation, one
effect of which was to delay orderly
rate making for three years or more
in the case of the Potomac Electric
Power Company. The Supreme
Court's refusal, on Monday, to re
view two cases Involving Pepco—
one brought by the Government and
the other by the company—brings
this era of confusion to an end.
Hearings will begin soon to deter
mine the best method of refunding,
to electricity consumers, funds which
have accumulated since 1944 in the
form of rate reductions withheld
pending decision in the courts. It
Is Interesting to note that from this
period of confusion the Public Util
ities Commission has emerged a
victor, that it has preserved its In
tegrity as the lawfully-constituted
rate-regulating agency in Washing
ton and that it has held firmly,
under great pressure, to a policy
which has for its purpose the fair
regulation of rates in the public
Interest, the public Interest Includ
ing the rights of a private enterprise
to make a profit while selling Its
services to the public.
This and That
By Charles I. Tracewell.
When the sudden rain and sleet storm
struck our community, we thought of
the mother blue jay on her nest out at
the end of the bough there in the night.
Her branch rocked In the wind and
water streamed off her, but the eggs
were dry.
That was her chief concern and the
question was, how did she know?
We could see her dimly through the
rain-lashed pane. 1
She was a worry to the mind, but if
she didn't worry, why should any one
else?
She was working with that best of
aids, God's providence, without which
nothing stands.
Unless He watches the nest, or the
home, or the Nation, all watching is
in vain.
* * * *
What is the use of worry, anyhow?
That is a question often asked and :
mostly it is asked but to be answered ι
in the negative. ]
If what you fear happens, then your
worrying has been in vain; if it does j
not happen, you have wasted your
mental energy.
So the argument goes, and much psy
chology and even some branches of 1
medicine are more or less built upon it. '
One group of psychologists insists ■
that many ailments come, not from ·
what the doctors call lesions, but solely
from a bad use of the mind. j
♦ * * * <
Worry may cause ailments, but it is ]
very human. j
It means forethought and prudence, (
for two things.
Despite the popular opinion, a little
worry, Judicially used, is good for one.
The problem comes in worrying about ^
the right things. <
It will do no good to worry about a ϊ
bird in a storm, because no help could j
be given, in any event, but it may be a ·
good thing to wonder what "people will ,
say" if you do so and so.
In the old days, now apparently gone
beyond recall, people did worry about
what the neighbors thought. And it
was a good thing, too.
It meant that certain standards of
conduct were adhered to, or at least an ι
honest attempt made to adhere to them. ;
* * * * ι
Nobody worries about such matters
any more, and some may think that ι
society, as a whole, suffers therefrom. (
We have fancy, $64 words for things ,
we used to be more plain and honest
about.
Today it is called "juvenile delin- 1
quency" when a boy in a huff comes
down and blows the beads off his father
and mother.
In the old days, that would have been
called just plain criminality.
Today people mow the lawns and do
all sorts of things on Sunday which, in
the old days, would have caused a rais
ing of eyebrows and probably some plain
speaking from Deacon Jones later on.
* » * «
Wall, we don't worry about so many
things today, so what?
For one thing, as groupe of human·
living together in towns and cities, we
have neither the grace nor placidity of
the foUp who went before.
We worry about the wrong things,
then pride ourselves on it, when all the
time we should be worrying about the
real things that count
Worry is good, when put to a good
purpose. It gets results, and who can
say that any malady thereafter may not
have come from some other cause?
Let us worry, then, if we please, and
if our dispositions, run that way. A
Çftle good worry never hurt an£ on*.
Letters to The Star
Readers Express Their Views on
Western's 'Red Scare*
To tht KUtor ot Tta· atmr:
Now isn't that just too bad! The
little dears attending Western High
School have suffered the indignity of
listening to an anti-American talk by
Mrs. A. P. Lewis. And the Columbia
Heights Citizens' Association has started
an "investigation."
It these students had been asked to
listen to a speech on the glories of free
enterprise, written by a lobbyist for the
National Association of Manufacturers,
as we all are asked to do on sundry
and frequent occasions, that would, of
course, have stirred no protest from
the citizens' association.
I would question the "Americanism"
of any "citizen," native-bom or hyphen
ated, who is unwilling to hear both
sides of any question. It is little credit
to our imported citizens that they seem
to feel the only way they can prove
their loyalty to America is by being
intolerant of any but rightist propa
ganda, E. J. ELLIS.
Γβ ike Iditor οί Hic SUr:
1 wish to highly commend the four
Western High School seniors who
walked out on the communistic talk
by Mrs. Lewis. They deserve a big
hand from the rest of the teen-agers
who have long had to take the brunt
of people's comments for their lack of
tense and responsibility.
These students have proved to the
public that we teen-agers have minds
of our own and use our right to express
our comments.
I salute them for recognizing what
they knew to be wrong—and doing
something about It!
PAULA SUE BURNS,
High School Senior, 16.
Γο th« Editor of The Star:
The incident that recently happened
at Western High School is the capping
climax to the hysterical wave of frenzy
that sweeps the country whenever the
word "communism" is mentioned. It
Is a fact that many high school students
do not even know what the word
"communism" means and would be sur
prised to learn that it is nothing more
than a kind of economic system. They
have been taught to hate the word
wid do not even know what it stands
tor. Superintendent Coming's recent
leclaratlon that all high school speakel-s
must be cleared through him from now
mi Is. one of the narrowest courses
tie could have taken.
People of America, don't we realize
that Ignorance is not the answer? We
:an't make a situation better by stop
ping it up, clothing it with a mask of
Ignorance and hiding the facts. Let
the people of America know what com
munism is. Let us know Russia from
the Inside, as we would have Russia
snow us, so we can understand why
we are capitalists and why we stand
'or what we do. Let's stop being
No situation can be conquered by
running away from it and covering it
αρ in fear. It must be faced squarely,
[f high schools are as liberal and pro
cessive today as they claim to be, the
Russian speaker would have been
listened to with respect and tolerance,
rhen afterward speakers would have
oeen invited to talk to the students
jn the American economic system and
explain the principles of capitalism,
rhere would have been sensible panel
llscussions and the students would have
iearned a great deal.
Why is it that we toy to hide com
munism so? E. P.
To the Editor of The Star:
Three cheers for the young Western
Sigh School students who walked out
>f a classroom where a foreign-born
ecturer appeared to represent American
institutions as inferior to those of a
'oreign country.
Perhaps their elders would do well
β emulate their patriotism and stop
his endless lapping up of foreign
jropaganda.
It was a welcome incident after the
îauseatlng sight of American officers
md soldiers In New York marching in
Jnited States uniform In a Communist
Hay Day parade. J. JEWELL.
Perhaps the least publicity given the
■ecent incident concerning the behavior
>f certain pupils, the better it would be;
îowever, I cannot help but comment on,
lot the cause for this defiant behavior,
>ut the method used. It is the same
nethod which was used by fanatics and
■adicals in Italy at the time of Mus
ralini's execution. We cannot tolerate
nob violence in our country, regardless
vhether the cause might seem right or
vrong to the Individuals.
Citizens, from small children up, must
earn to accept theories and principles
if governments of all countries in our
nodern age. Not to be able to do this
s merely being a bigot. Surely every
iountry has some good policies govern
ng them. Perhaps if we could compile
.hem all we could finally get a very satis
actory government through a world
lourt, whereby all countries would bene
lt. But we must all have patience and
lot force any issues merely because*-^e
hink they might benefit our own selfish
ind political desires. This is done the
rarld over. Not to accept or admit such
acts is like the mother who always sees
he perfect child In her own family, but
lever any in her neighbor's family.
Children who Incite mob violence by
lefiance, whether right or wrong at the
noment, are of the same caliber as
:ommunistlc leaders, for are they not
ollowing their idea—force? Voicing
lisapproval of some laws In your own
Ountry does-not necessarily give any
me the right to call such persons com
nunistic, for very often that is how
tovemments are improved, but when
to use communistic passions and
îatreds, we are as bad as they are.
R. W. KAUCHER.
Let's stop our hyprocrisy and repeal
lie Constitution. Freedom of this and
;hat seems to be out of date. We pride
>urselves on being educated and thus
>roadminded and liberal, but just men
don the word "Russia" and hysteria
iweepe the land. I have my suspicions
u to where all this propaganda orig
inates and" why, but I am not going
into that. However, the American polit
ical groups, certain newspapers, and too
many of our citizens are acting like
Children left alone in a dark room.
Isn't it time for the public to arouse
Itself as to where it is heading and the
iwful consequences of arriving at such
destination? This is a time for a sen
sible press and cool-headed editors to
bring the people out of their mesmeric
rear. America afraid! Nice thought,
Isnt it? A
There le abroad In this land a bad
ease of the Jitter». In our state of ex
citement and nervousness a gun could
go off in the wrong place and at the
wrong time. Do you mother· and
fathers, you sweetheart· and wive·—do
you want to say good-by to young
American manhood again? No, you
don't! Then it is time to think, a time
for calmness, a time to sift irresponsi
bility from responsibility, and a time to
act like we are a sensible, substantial,
and fearless community. Make up your
mind now that you are not going to
allow selflshly-1 minorities to
talk ns into another war. The very
word should be so abhorrent to u« that
we will start today to help undo the
hysterical state Into which we have
plunged bit by bit, but not yet hope
lessly. There is no better time thta
now and no better place to start to get
our staggering footsteps back on solid
ground than through the editorial pages
of The Star. Tour paper also has a
duty to see that the wild, inflammable.
Irresponsible rabble-rousers are totally
ignored in the news columns. Mr. Editor,
open the south window and give us a
lot of light and a lung full of fresh air.
WILLIAM D.OARVZT.
Gigantic Fingerprinting Job
Overworked FBI Employes Try to Keep Abreast
of Multiplying Identification Records
By J. Edgar Hoover
Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation
The vast fingerprint and card index files of the FBI's Identification
Division, now in the process of being moved from the District National
Guard Armory, where they were stored during the war, to Federal Office
Building No. 1, at Second and D streets S.W.
(The following is taken from Mr.
Hoover's testimony recently before a
subcommittee of the House Appro
priations Committee.)
The largest phase of our activity at
the seat of Government is the Identifi
cation Division.
Since January 25, 1947, under author
ity granted by the Attorney General,
the employes of the bureau's Identifica
tion Division have worked eight hours
overtime weekly, giving us a 48-hour
week. We had to request this overtime
service in an effort to keep abreast of
the work being received in the Identifi
cation Division. I wanted to bring to
the committee's attention the fact that
we have had a very difficult problem in
the operation of the Identification Divi
sion by reason of the fact that the work
being received has far exceeded the
capacity of the personnel which we had
been allowed for that activity.
For instance, I have had to recently
notify all contributors to the Identifica
tion Division that we will no longer be
able to handle applicant prints from
private or commercial organizations.
This means that airlines and other
commercial and industrial concerns en
gaged in very important work, some
times important work for the Govern
ment, which have in the past sent in
fingerprints of applicants for employ
ment to us will not be able to secure
such service from us in the future. Many
times, in reporting back on such finger
prints, the police records have been long
and undoubtedly resulted in applicants
not obtaining the positions sought.
For instance, there have been cases
where Individuals have applied for em
ployment in essential industry who had
been arrested previously for arson or
sabotage or malicious mischief and
through the identification of these rec
ords in our Identification Division, we
have been able to advise the prospective
employer of this fact. Under our present
curtailed operations, this service is be
ing discontinued.
I have on. my desk this morning a
letter from an airline company asking
that we make an exception in their
behali, because they are setting up bases
throughout the Far East in order to
operate their service and they want to
be certain that their employes will be
people who are reliable, of good charac
ter, and loyalty. We cannot render that
service. Just do not have the personnel
wit.h which to do It.
"Black Dahlia."
It may be necessary to discontinue
other very Important Identification
services. These Include such services as
checking the fingerprint records for the
purpose of Identifying unknown dead.
A few weeks ago a young woman, later
named as the "Black Dahlia," was found
murdered in Los Angeles. Her body was
found badly cut up in a vacant lot in
that city. We Identified that girl. The
Los Angeles Examiner, in co-operation
with the Los Angeles Police Department,
telephotographed her fingerprint» to us.
The Identification Division identified
those prints in 56 minutes. A previous
employer from Santa Barbara had sent
her prints to us in the past in connection
with her private employment.
Services such as above may necessarily
have to be discontinued if the operating
staff of the Identification Division is
reduced to such an extent that only
criminal fingerprints can be handled.
The delinquency in the Identification
Division today comprises 2,891,831 prints.
We are that far behind in our work.
Last year, when I was before the com
mittee, I called the attention of the
committee to the fact that at that time we
had a delinquency of 3,536,568 prints.
That number has dropped, but it is still
nearly 3,000,000 prints today. We should
have had 2,100 employes in the present
fiscal year in order to handle that work
properly. We were allowed 1,500 em
ployes in that division. For that reason
the delinquency grew. The work is not
decreasing in this current year. We have
an increase in .crime. We have the
Civil Service prints coming in. We havê
the Veterans' Administration sending
prints over to be checked for veterans'
allowances and also we have the finger
prints of aliens coming Into the country.
It cost us $35,838,000 to operate the
bureau. Fines, savings and recoveries
in cases investigated by the bureau
totaled $68,484,935. The fugitives located
by the bureau In the last fiscal year
totaled 10,990. The automobiles recov
ered totaled 11,458. In the matter of
fugitives, that was an increase over the
last fiscal year of 2,035 apprehensions,
and the inçrease in the number of auto-1
mobiles recovered is 3,566. .
Convicted 97.3 Per Cent. 1
I would also like to bring to the atten
tion of the committee a record of which
we are rather proud. In reference to
the convictions which I have just men
tioned, I want to state that 97.3 per
cent of all persons brought to trial
during 1946 by the Federal Bureau of
Investigation were convicted. That is
a higher percentage than in the previous
year. We had a record in the previous
yeaï of 96.9 per cent.
Of the 11,873 convictions obtained in
that year, 87 per cent pleaded guilty,
they did not stand trial, with the result
that only 1,456, or 12 per cent, of the
cases had to go to a jury and be tried.
The number of pleas of guilty are due
to the fact that the cases when pre·
sented for trial are so prepared that the
subjects have no wish to stand trial,
but instead, enter pleas of guilty.
The number of fingerprints on hand
at the seat of Government today totals
103,165,465. The percentage of identifi
cations made during the past year of
the prints received indicate previous
records in 68.6 per cent of the cases. We
effected 683,351· criminal identifications
during the year. That means we were
able to establish previous police records
of nearly 700,000 persons through iden
tifications that we made. We were able
to identify 6,223 fugitives who might
never have been located if their finger
prints had not been sent in and checked
against our files in Washington. The
daily receipt of fingerprints, averaged
about 15,000 during the first six months
of the present fiscal year.
There are various kinds of prints that
we have to handle. There are the non
criminal prints which represent the
fingerprint files received from the Army,
the Navy, the Marine Corps, other Gov
ernment employes, Civil Service appli
cants and miscellaneous prints.
Civil Service Print·.
With reference to the Civil Service
fingerprints, the committee might be
interested to know that 1 out of every
14 persons applying for positions in
the Civil Service has a police record.
The reason that figure is so low is that
it is well known that fingerprints are
being taken of Civil Service applicants.
We have urged that that program be
intensified rather than minimized, and
have urged the desirability of the
taking of fingerprints by one agency
rather than by several other Govern
ment agencies.
We receive all of the alien registration
prints. We maintain foreign exchange
of fingerprint records with other
countries.
We also maintain what is known as
the single fingerprint file. This file is
to check against the so-called frag
mentary prints found at scenes of
crimes. The usual fingerprint file, which
I have described to you in past years,
is a file of 10-finger classifications, but
frequently we find at the scene of a
crime one print that has been left on
a glass or on a gun. We have compiled
a collection of fingerprints of known
kidnapers, bank robbers, rapists, per
sons guilty of the most felonious types
of crime and those prints are put in
the single fingerprint file; that is. each
of the 10 has been broken down and
filed separately, so that we can identify
an individual print. If there is a print
found at the scene of a crime, we can
check that print in this particular file.
In 1946 we identified 5,688 individuals
from that file alohe, from fragmentary
prints found at the scenes of crimes by
Federal as well as local authorities. As
for so-called crime trends, major crimes
have Increased 7.6 per cent in 1946 as
against 1945. In other words, the state
ment that crime is on the increase Is
proved by the statistics.
Increases were noted in offenses as
follows: Robberies increased 17.3 per
cent: murder Increased 15.8 per cent;
burglary has increased 11.3 per cent;
aggravated assault has increased 10.2
per cent; larceny has increased 9 per
cent; manslaughter, by negligence, has
increased 6 per cent, and rape has in
creased 5.3 tier cent.
Youthful Criminals.
In regard to the matter of the arrests
of persons under 25 years of age, the
committee might be interested in this
particular aspect of our operations. Cer
tain of our activities involve youthful
offenders. The arrest of males under
18 decreased 23 per cent. Above 18 there
was a general increase. In males of the
age of 18 through 20, arrests increased
24.6 per cent in the last year. Arrests
of girls under. 18 decreased 29.8 per cent.
Arrests of girls under 21 years of age
decreased 33.1 per cent. In other words,
the arrests of girls decreased while the
arrests of boys increased.
Of all males arrested under 25 years
6t age, the predominant age was 21.
Comparing 1946 to 1941, arrests of
persons under 21 years of age, there was
a 40 per cent Increase in girls. The
reason I take the year 1941 is that 1941
was* the last prewar year and I am
comparing the last prewar year with
the last calendar year. The comparison
shows an increase of 40 per cent In
crime on the part of girls. It shows a
decrease of 5.8 per cent on the part of
boys. The reason for that is that so
many of the boys of that age were
going into the armed services. Sixteen
and nine-tenths per cent of all arrests
during 1946 Involved youngsters uider
21 years of age; 31.5 per cent of all per
sons arrested for robbery, burglary,
larceny, auto theft, embezzlement, fraud,
forgery and counterfeiting, stolen prop
erty and arson, were under 21 years of
age.
Drring 1946, youths under 21 years of
age were responsible for 60.5 per cent
of all auto theft ι in this country; 41.2
per cent of all burglaries; 28.3 per cent
of all robberies; 27.3 per cent of all lar
cenies, and 26 per cent of all rape.
That is a staggering record of juvenile
delinquency.
Whitè Race Appears
As an Angel Falling
Builders, Bombers of Civilization
Stutter Slogans as Yoioes Fade
By Dorothy Thompson
The white rues of man art a small
fraction of the inhabitants of the earth,
over which they have held unchallenged
sway as civilisation builders for the last
2,000 years.
They have a proud history—too proud.
They are the earth's Lucifer»—its bright
but fallen angels. It was they who gave
lungs to man with which to swim be
neath the oceans, and wings with which
to scale the stratosphere. They split
the atom.
They gave the world Jesus and Chi
ite in, Jefferson and' Paine; Passer, Na
poleon, and Lenin; Franklin D. Roose
velt, Winston Churchill, Stalin, and
Hitler.
* For 3,000 yean this rase at seta has
lived a dual spiritual exteteooe. They
have been the world's most terrible war
riors, scorching the earth with sword
and fire. And they have worshipped
the Prince of Peaoe.
Built and Bombed Cathedrals.
They have built cathedrals turning
stone to lace and pointing fingers te
the sky, in which men pray to him
who said that the meek would inherit
the earth. And out of the sky they have
blasted those cathedrals to the ground.
They are the least fecund of the
world's races, and the β,ost comfort
loving. They are the most idealistlo
and the inventors of the doctrine of
materialist-determination—while their
scientists demonstrate that there is no
"matter," only energy.
They claim descent from the parent
of agriculture and the brother who mur
dered him.
In ever-narrowing cycle· they fight
wars to end war, and afterward prove
It was all propaganda. At long last, the
truest incorporation of the spirit of
their religion sits at the fringe· of
the white world. His name is Mohandas
Gandhi. No one invites him to ad
dress the assemblies of the peacemakers.
Germans on Belsen Ration.
Having made war, they further their
extermination In "peace." On May A
the Associated Press carried a dispatch
(buried in inside pages) stating that
the ration for Germans in the British
zone will be reduced to 700 calories
per day.
Remember the corpses, piled like eord
wood, when Buchenwald, Belsen, and
Dachau were opened? Those skeletons
—dead and living—for whom the gas
chambers operated too slowly? That
was their ration.
Among the crimes for which Prank,
the Nazi governor of Poland, was
sentenced, was starving the Pole· on
1,500 calories per day.
On May β a British physician stated
that the British nation was dying of
starvation. Britain, he said, was in
"a vicious circle of Insufficient work,
causing Insufficient food, causing insuffi
cient work." The Food Minister con
tradicted him: "The doctor is 800 calo
ries off." But what calories? Of starch?
Of protein? Of vitamin-rich food?
My impression of the English people
on a recent visit was that the doctor
1m right.
Pood conditions in much at the Soviet
Union are desperate. Worst arc the
Western, devastated areas. Here live
the masses of the White Russians, the
Slavs, who—whether under the Csars
of the Red Star—have governed that
empire of white and colored raoea.
"There are many centers of atomic
research in the Soviet Union." (May TJ
Words Are Faltering.
"The American diet 1s the highest
"The price paid for alcohol eon
sumption exceeds that spent for publie
schools." (Whisky and beer are made
of bread-grains; Scotch is exported from
Britain to American bars, for dollar·
exchange, to buy grain.)
"Trip through Western Poland shows
fields uncultivated, since German in·
habitants driven out."
"Tito has army of 600,000, mostly
peasants."
"Give us this day our dally bread."
"And forgive us our trespasses."
"Do not infringe the sovereign right
to make war secured in the veto."
"Workmen of the world, imite!"
'To every one according to his needs."
"Life, liberty, happiness."
"Democracy, democracy, demo—,
demo—."
The voice of the white race stutters
and fades out as it falls.
(Released by the Bell Syndic*te, In·.»
The State of the Union
From the London Dally Teletreph and Uofl
lng Poet.
What is lacking in the state of the
nation is not individual response but
that practical plan which, the Prime
Minister rightly says, it is the part of
the government to provide. There is
no guidance in their policy and little
inspiration in their speeches. Let us
hope that other contributors to this
debate on the air will be more construc
tive. Socialism, so blithely on the at
tack in June, 1945, is now somewhat
sourly on its defense. To many who
voted for it then it is becoming "dust
and ashes once thought sweet to smell."
If the government claims to have don·
their best, it has been a poor best,
crippled by administrative incompetence
any by impractical theorizing, and that
is exactiy what the country in Its pres
ent plight cannot afford.
An Unhappy Contrast
Prom th· London Evtnlns Standard.
In the past the great' emigration
movements from Britain to the empire
have sprung from the British people'·
unquenchable zest for adventure. Ia
the fullness of its strength, a vigorous
and prosperous motherland has spilled
over Its goodness to make sister nations
beyond the seas. But the present move·
ment is an escape more than an adven
ture. It springs from an excess of
poverty, rather than of riches; from »
lack rather than a superfluity of lndi
vidusi self-confidence; from shortag·,
restrictions, discomfort and disillusion
ment.
Golden Tidal
The span of Ufe it fur too ihort to «to»
The fragile interval* of iwwly
springs;
Threesoare anA ton times ton would
too few „
To cup the hand» around «tarred of
, ferity»
Of the hepatioa, and Uft the eye·
To whtff embroidered Met.
Mist tn the plum tree at the break of Hffhi
Blossoms to essenced loveliness by noon.
And softer than the whisperings of night
Drifts on the golden tidal of the moon.
Trad moments for the needy heart to
borrow
Onto to tote tomorrow.
«on ktm nmun.
I ti
i .λ i

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