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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 12, 1947, Image 1

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South Wins Fight
For Equal Rates
On Class Freight
Supreme Court Bocks
Authority of ICC on
Tariff Order, 7-2
By tH* Associated Press
The Supreme Court today up
held, 7 to 2, an Interstate Com
merce Commission order raising
railroad freight rates 10 per cent
in the North and East and low
ering them 10 per cent in the
South and as far west as the
Rockies.
The commission ordered the
changes after officials of Southern
States complained that higher rates
in their region gave Northern manu
facturers competitive advantages.
Affected are so-called class rates
These apply principally to manu
factured articles.
Justice Douglas wrote the court’s
decision. It was read by Justice
Burton in file absence of Justice
Douglas, wno nas ueen in wmi o
cold. Justices Jackson and Frank
furter wrote dissents.
Further Uniformity Planned.
The commission in May, 1945,
found the freight rate structure dis
criminated against the South on
almost all manufactured articles and
ordered the changes as the first step
toward equalizing rates. The order
was the result of litigation initiated
by the Southern Governors’ Confer
ence.
The commission planned as a sec
ond step to work out “national uni
formity in the classification of
freight, and a greater degree of na
tional uniformity in the class freight
rate structure." Class rates apply to
about 4 per cent of all rail freight
traffic and yield about 6 per cent of
freight revenue.
Southern officials hailed the ICC
order as one which would permit
Southern industry to "breathe freely
for the first time in history.”
Nine Northern States, Governors
of the six New England States, and
33 railroads, however challenged
the ICC action as arbitrary. They
said it was not based on facts and
upset principles of rate-making
which had been used for many gen
erations.
Lost in Special Court,
The challengers first presented
their case before a special three
judge Fedral court in Utica, N. Y.
That court upheld the ICC. The
challengers then appealed to the
Rnnrpmp Court Actual change in
class rates was deferred pending the
high tribunal's decision.
The nine States opposing the in
crease were New York, Delaware,
Indiana, Maryland. Michigan. New
Jersey, Ohio, Wisconsin and Penn
aylvania.
* A similar suit filed by the State
of Georgia and its former Governor.
Ellis'Arnall, is now in the hands
of a special master, Llyod K. Gar
rison.
Georgia charged 19 Southern and
Western railroads had conspired and
combined to fix freight rates dis
criminatory against the South, in
violation of the anti-trust laws.
Decision Still Pending.
The Supreme Court appointed
Mr. Garrison to gather facts, hear
testimony of all parties interested,
and made a report and recommenda
tion to the justices. The report and
recommendations are not expected
* to be' ready for presentaiton during
the present court term, which ends
in June.
Justice Douglas wrote a 28.000
woftd opinion in upholding the com
missi Oh's action.
He said there is abundant evidence
to suoport the commission’s findings
of discrimination among the ter
ritories.
Further, he said the commission is
correct In its finding that there is
prejudice against, the Southern
region.
Strong Case Acknowledged.
Justice Douglas said the record
before the commission made out a
strong case for an inference that
natural disadvantages alone "are not
responsible for the retarded develop
ment of the South and the West,
"and that the discriminatory rate
structure has also played a part.”
“Where the result of a rate Is not
clearly shown to be confiscatory but
its precise effect must await opera
tions under it,” Justice Douglas
stated, "the Supreme Court has re
fused (in the past) to set it aside
despite grave doubts as to its con
sequences.
"The reasons for following a like
course are equally impelling here.”
The majority said the commis
sion's recent action in granting a
Nation-wide increase in all freight
rates did not affect the case de
cided today.
No Opinion On General Increase.
Justice Douglas put it this way:
"This is a proceeding to eliminate
territorial rate differences not Justi
fied by territorial conditions. The
general rate increase recently
granted by the commission was a
revenue proceeding. Revenue ad
justments can be and are superim
posed on such rates structures Its
exist. The fact that revenue adjust
ments may produce lack of uni
formity in rates is not inconsistent
with the decision in the present
case.”
Justice Douglas said the order
granting the general rate increase
actually was not before the court for
consideration and the court inti
mated no opinion concerning it.
"Whether the general rate increase
will require adjustments in the new
permanent uniform scale which
awaits the new uniform classifica
tion is a question for the commission
when the new classification is
ready,” Justice Douglas added.
Col. Peterson Safe
CAPETOWN, May 12 tjpi.—A mes
sage yesterday from Salisbury, Rho
desia. said Col. Chesley G. Peterson,
American air attache in South Africa,
was safe with his crew after a forced
landing. They had been missing
since Friday. Col. Peterson, whose
home is in Utah, was a European
war ace.
4 i
Romney Refused to Call In Bond
Of Embezzling Aide, Court Told
Feared Step Would 'Ruin Prestige of Office/
Witness Testifies in House Bank Case
A suspended employe in the
House sergeant at arms office
testified today in the trial of
Kenneth Romney that Romney
refused to call in an embezzling
bookkeeper’s bond because it
“would ruin the prestige of the
office and ruin us all.”
The witness, Albert B. Fangmeyer,
suspended assistant cashier, also
testified that Romney reassured him
about $83,879.22 in checks drawn by
former Representative John H.
Smithwick of Florida, and said;
“theyH all be taken care of when
the time comes."
Romney, former House sergeant at
arms, went on trial this morning be
fore Justice Alexander Holtzoff and:
a jury of seven men and five women
on charges of falsifying Government
accounts and covering up a $143,-1
863.77 shortage while he held office.;
Fangmeyer testified that he first;
learned of the shortage in the House;
! -bank" on November 12, 1938, when j
Frank J. Mahoney, a bookkeeper in
the office "confessed to me he had:
embezzled $25,066 from the sergeant
at arms office.” The prosecution in
troduced a confession signed by Ma
honey.
I Fangmeyer said he notified the
late Harry Pillen, then cashier, and
the following day Pillen told Rom
ney. The witness recalled that Rom
ney commented, “That's the first I
know of this.”
He recalled that Romney tele
phoned Dennis Mahoney of the
New York Police Department, the
bookkeeper's brother, and the police
man cams to Washington for a
conference with Romney and Pillen.
“The next day I said something
to Romney about calling in Mahon
ey’s bond,” Fangmeyer went on.
“Romney said it wouldn’t cover the
amount Mahoney had taken and it
would ruin the pfestige of the office
and ruin us all. I said I don't see
why it would ruin me, I had nothing
to do with it."
As the aftermath of that incident,
the witness continued, Mahoney
never returned to the office, Fang
roeyer was made head bookkeeper
and Pillen used two powers of at
torney to cash two Mahoney pay
checks.
Two years before Pillen’s death
in 1945, the witness went on under
questioning by Assistant United
States Attorney John W. Fihelly,
Mr. Fangmeyer learned of other
shortages. He recalled that Pillen
< See ROMNEY, Page A-Ct
Jewish Agency Brings
Grand Mufti’s Record
Into Holy Land Debate
U. N. Political Committee
Also Told Soviet Plan
'Loads Dice Heavily'
By the Associated Press
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y„ May 12.
—The Jewish Agency for Pales-1
tine clashed with Russia, Poland
and the Arab countries today
and bright the wartime record
of the exiled Grand Mufti of
Jerusalem into the United Na
tions debate on the Holy Land.
The Agency told the General As
sembly’s 55-nation Political Com
mittee that a Soviet proposal for
study of immediate Palestine inde
pendence ‘loads the dice heavily
against the Jews.”
Moshe Shertok spoke for the
Agency after Paris El Khoury of
j Syria, keynoting a new Arab gnove, ‘
: declared his country would be bound
by no U. N. solution for the Holy!
Land except creation of an inde
pcruucui x aicouuc oiow..
Lashes Back at Poland.
Mr. Shertok departed from his
prepared text to strike back at a
Polish statement to the committee
on the care of 160,000 displaced Jews
repatriated to Poland from, Russia.
He told the committee that those
Jews received nothing from the
Polish government but paid their
own way.
Lester B. Pearson of Canada,
committee chairman, intervened re- 1
peatedlv to speed the session toward ;
a vote on instructions for the pro- i
posed U. N. Palestine Inquiry Com- j
mission. He said the committee
would vote on the instructions to-'
day if it had to stay in session until1
midnight.
Delivery of Mr. Shertok's state
ment was delayed by Mr. El Khou
ry’s speech.
Want to Co-operate.
Mr. Shertok told the Political
Committee that the Jews wanted
to co-operate with the Ar&bs in
the Holy Land, but contended that
the head of the Arab Higher Com
mute of Palestine—the mufti now
in Cairo—“was directly involved
during the war in the Nazi policy
of extermination of European Jews.”
The Arab Higher Committee was
scheduled to make its second ap
pearance as a committee witness
this afternoon.
Mr. El Khoury delivered a vigor
ous attack against Jewish demands
for increased immigration into the
Holy Land, declaring "the Arabs will
never aRow a wedge to be driven
into their fatherland.”
"Any solution other than the set
ting up of an independent state
shall not be accepted by the Syrian
government and people,” Mr. El
Khoury asserted.
Main Jewish Points.
Answering questions submitted
by committee members last week.'
the Jewish Agency representative i
made these main points:
1. The present 'political crisis in
Palestine "is nothing but a clash
! between the dire needs of Jewish
immigration and the current anti
immigration policy" of Britain.
2. A solution of the problem of
Palestine "which would ignore the
Jewish claim and need for immigra
tion would solve nothing."
3. Terrorism in the Holy Land is
“the pernicious outgrowth of a dis
astrous policy.” The Jewish agency
i See U. N.. Page A-6. >
Dutch Grant Recognition
To West Borneo Republic
By the Associated Press
PONTIANAK. Borneo. May 12.—
An agreement signed here today by
the Netherlands commission general
established West Boreno as a self
governing territory within the new
United States of Indonesia.
The signing was witnessed by
Dutch Premier L. J. M. Beel and the
minister of overseas territories, J. A.
Jonkman. who arrived in the
Netherlands Indies last week. The
Dutch-educated Sultan of Pontianak,
chairman of the West Borneo
Council, signed for the new govern
\ meat, which will be patterned on an
American state.
The Sultan said the government
would seek to broaden West Borneo's
rubber and copra economy, and
pledged co-operation with the sister
; Republic of Indonesia, which in
cludes the islands of Java, Sumatra
and Madoera. He criticized the re
publican government, however, be
cause, he said, it had failed to live
up to the March 25. Cheribon agree
ment under which it was recognized
by the Dutch.
I I
U. S. Sends New Note
On Korea to Russia;
May Affect Unity Talk
Contents Are Withheld,
But Marshall Aide Says
Answer Is Required
Secretary of State Marshall!
sent another note to the Soviet;
government today about Korea1
and there were indications that;
he was seeking further clarifica- j
tion before instructing American;
officials in Korea to resume unity;
talks with Soviet authorities
May 20.
A State Department spokesman j
told reporters the new note had;
been sent by cable this morning to;
the American Embassy in Moscow
for presentation to the Soviet For-'
elng Office, but he refused to dis-!
close its contents until it is delivered.'
The spokesman told questioners,!
however, that the new American |
note does call for an answer. He
would not specify whether reopen-;
ing of the negotiations ip Korea;
depend upon the answer.
WCII. JVlcUfcIlH.il upcucu llCgULIttllUIlfc
with Soviet Foreign Minister Mol
otov in Moscow last month looking
toward resumption of a Soviet
Ameri6%n commission in Korea to
attempt! to work out plans for uni
fication of that country under a
provisional government.
In a note made public by the
Moscow radio Saturday, Mr. Molo
tov appeared to accept Gen. Mar
shall’s insistence that the talks be
open to representatives of all Korean
democratic parties. The previous
Russian stand in effect had barred
all Korean political parties except
the Communists from the discus
sions.
Economic Adviser Sees
U. S. Outlook as 'Choppy'
By th« Associated Press
Dr. Edwin G. Nourse, chairman i
of President Truman’s Council of
Economic Advisers, said at the White'
House today he is "not as pessimistic
as some people” about the possi
bility of a depression.
He told reporters after a call on
Mr. Truman that the situation is!
"choppy” and that there are both
favorable and unfavorable factors.
As for his discussion with Mr.
Truman, he said it involved "pro
cedural matters.” The council is
working on a quarterly roundup
report of the economic situation to
be submitted to the President at
the end of June.
iandy Point ierminal hre
Halts Bay Fprry Service
By Associated Press
SANDY POINT. Md.. May 12—A
fire at the Sandy Point terminal of
the Chesapeake iftiy ferry system
caused temporary suspension of op
erations today when five Anne
Arundal County fire departments
were called out to fight a blaze on
pilings along the slip.
A toll booth attendant said that:
the incoming ferry which left Mata
peake on the Eastern Shore at 9
a m. stood off-shore unable to dock
for three hours.
Clouds of black smoke billowed
from the creosoted pilings. Perry
officials surmised that some one had
thrown a cigarette into the pilings
from a ferry. Automobiles and
trucks were lined up for about half
a mile until service was resumed.
Soviet Writer Says U. S. Films
Give 'Sweetened' View of Life
ly tH« Associated Press
MOSCOW, May 12.—The newspa
per Culture and Life was provoked
today about propaganda—American
propaganda.
It said the American State De
partment’s movie interests were
glutting the world market with pic
tures giving “a distorted, sweetened
picture of life in the United States.”
Commentator Yuri Zhukov, au
thor of the article, said a repre
sentative of the State Department
had declared in Paris last year that
the “circulation of American films is
the best defense against commu
nism"
Mr. Zhukov said the American
movie industry, while still wanting!
to make money, had placed its aerv-i
ices at the disposal of “monopoly
capital” in carrying out the job of
“reactionaries.’’
Mr. Zhukov quoted from testi
mony given by Eric A. Johnston,
president of the .Motion Picture
«
Producers Association of America,
before a House of Representatives
committee, then added that what
he called Mr. Johnston’s “compli
cated. foggy formulation” of the
objectives of the movie industry
really meant that “leaders of the
American movie industry have res
olutely decided to place their pro
ductions at the service of the policy
of monopoly capital outside as well
as inside the U, S. A.”
“And justice should be given
them—they are accomplishing their
new program with a typical Ameri
can gesture,” Mr. Zhukov said.
The commentator said Americans
did not circulate such pictures as
"Tobacco Road” among- foreigners
because it showed the life of the
American farmer. Instead, he said,
the number of musical coiwdies
had doubled.
“They propagandise the notorious
American way of life,’” he con
(See TOMS, Page A-6J
*
Taft Says Vote
On Labor Bill Is
Possible Tonight
George Opposes Mild
Version of Measure;
G. 0. P. Sees Victory
By the Associated Press
Senator George, Democrat, of
Georgia today led Southern op
position against a mild Demo
cratic labor bill as Republican
leaders predicted overwhelming
Senate approval this week of
legislation outlawing the closed
shop and curbing many union
activities.
Senator George said he considers
the substitute proposal offered by
Senator Murray, Democrat, of Mon
tana and other party members
“a watered-down version of no con
sequence.” He added that from 10
to 15 other Democrats will vote
against it.
Dismissing the Murray propsal as
likely to get only a ‘‘handful'' of
votes. Senator Ball, Republican, of
Minnesota predicted-that when the
v.iiuwi, **»ii**at wuvnivio uunii w a v
tion. it will pass the omnibus bill
before it by more than a two-thirds
majority.
Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio,
agreeing with that estimate, said a
vote tonight is possible. Senator
Taft added, however, he could make
no promises that the final showdown
would not be delayed until later In
the week.
Johnson Sees Delay Until Friday.
Senator Johnson, Democrat, of
South Carolina, one of the 11 spon
sors of the substitute measure, said
a vote may not be reached until Fri
day. »
But whenever the roll is called,
Senator Eflender. Democrat, of
Louisiana predicted that "at the
most" there will be from 18 to 22
votes for the substitute.
Senator Ellender, a member of
the Labor Committee which wrote
the big measure, termed that bill
"a pretty careful piece of legisla
tion that certainly merits a presi
dential signature.”
At the same time, Senator Rus
sell, Democrat, of Georgia, an
nounced he intends to support the
committee bill and to vote to over
ride if there is a veto.
Aiken Doubtful of Murray Bill.
Senator Aiken, Republican of
V ClUH/iib, wiiv nao k/wii V/i i1*» v*
some 'of the stringent restrictions
favored by other Republicans, said
sponsors of the Murray proposal
“had a hard time getting 11 Sen
ators to put their name on It.”
“It might flot get more votes than
that,” Senator Aiken said.
Senator Murray, former chairman
of the Labor Committee under Dem
ocratic majorities, said the substi
tute contains "all of the recommen
dations of President Truman” and
other “desirable features” of both
Senate and House bills.
The Murray measure would seek
to combat jurisdictional strikes and
secondary boycotts by means of
National Labor Relations Board
“cease and desist” orders and would
make unions liable for certain un
fair labor practices. But it carries
few of the teeth of the parent
measure.
Would Prevent Injunctions.
It does not, for instance, permit
the Government to apply for in
junctions to block "national paraly
sis” strikes. Nor does it forbid the
closed shop under which employers
may hire only union members.
The committee bill, by means of
an amendment adopted last week,
would allow employers to sue unions
for damages resulting from juris
dictional strikes and secondary boy
cotts. The latter is a union attempt
to hit at employers indirectly by
forcing other employers to quit
dealing with.them. The common
est type of Jurisdictional strike
grows out of an inter-union dispute
• See LABOR, Page A-6.)
High Near 80 is Forecast;
Warmth Due to Continue
The weather will be sunny and
warm today, and it will keep get
ting warmer in the next few days,
the Weather Bureau predicted this
morning.
A steady upward trend, begun yes
terday, ended the three-day frost
which killed off budding crops
throughout Maryland with damage
set at *1.000,000 and seriously dam
aged orchards in Virginia's apple
country.
The frost was described as a black
frost by Maryland farmers. Peach
seeds turned black when hit by the
sun after freezing at night.
The Weather Bureau said the
temperature would rise near 80 de
grees this afternoon. The lowest
tonight will be around 50>
The low early this morning was
45 degrees after a high of 71 at
5:54 p.m. yesterday.
Garsson Asked Loan
After May Did Favor,
Witness Says at Trial
Court Instructs Jury
To Ignore Testimony;
Realty Man Called
By Robert K. Walsh
A New York man testified in
District Court today that former
Representative Andrew J. May
of Kentucky, acting at the re
quest of Murray Garsson, helped
him meet top War Department
officials in 1942 about getting an
Army commission.
The witness, Harvey L. Schwam,
declared that a few weeks later
Murray Garsson asked him for a
425 ftftO loan fnr a hnsinfcas vpnt.urp
He was testifying in the war fraud
conspirary trial of May, former head
of the House Military Affairs Com
mittee, Henry M. Garsson and his
brother, Murray Garsson, and the
Garssons’ Washington agent, Joseph
P. Preeman.
Whether Mr. Schwam ever got
the commission was not brought out
immediately in testimony. After he
said he had told Murray Garsson
he could not lend him $25,000, the
jury was excused by Justice Henry
A. Schweinhaut and attorneys for
both sides were called to the bench
for a discussion of the admissability
of further evidence along this line.
Defense Objection Sustained.
Justice Schweinhaut sustained the
defense objection that the question
concerning Murray Garssons re
quest for a loan was “immaterial.”
The court instructed the jury to
disregard Mr. Schwam's testimony
that he had been asked for such a
loan and had refused it.
Under cross-examination, Mr.
Schwam disclosed that he received
War Department notification June
2, 1942, that an Army commission
would be issued to him. Further
questions by Charles J. Margiotti,
chief counsel for the Garsson broth
ers, brought out that Mr. Schwam
saw Undersecretary of War Patter
son for about five minutes and was
referred to Assistant Secretary
Peterson, who, in turn, referred him
to a Mr. Taft in the same office.
Mr. Schwam, describing the early
morning meeting in May’s apart
ment at the Roosevelt Hotel here,
said May telephoned immediately to
the War Department and made an
appointment for Mr. Schwam to
meet Undersecretary Patterson late
the same morning.
The first witness this morning was
Miss Alice Belle Crump of Ashland,
Ky„ secretary of the late B. B.
Burns, a Huntington <W. Vaj lum
ber dealer. Miss Crump identified
a letter sent by May to Mr. Burns
early in April, 1945. It sought
to interest Mr. Burns in buying the
Cumberland lumber property.
Said He Owned Land.
May wrote that the property was
“owned by me.” He made several
other references indicating that he
owned the land. In one paragraph
he stated that he had made a “sub
stantial profit" on lumber opera- j
tions there, despite the difficulty
in getting manpower and equip
j ment.
He explained that “due to my
| position in Congress and as owner
of the property, I did not think it
proper or ethical” to apply for Gov
ernment funds for construction of
access roads to the lumber site.
Before Mr. Schwam took the stand
another New York resident was
asked by Government prosecutors
about a $1,000 check he delivered to
Murray Garsson in 1942.
Julius B. Raynes. New York real
estate operator, told of having
drawn such a check on the Na-j
(See GARSSON7Page A-6.> '
Changes in Greek Aid Bill
Are Rejected by Senate .
Sy Hi* Aitocioicd Pr»u
"Hie Senate refused today to ac
cept House changes In the $400,000,-!
000 Greek-Turkish aid bill and sent
it to Senate and House conferees
to work out a compromise.
Chairman Vandenburg . of the"
Senate Foreign Relations Commit
tee asked for the action.
In passing the legislation last
week, the House failed to include a
provision calling for Senate con
firmation of the top administrators
of the program. It also wrote in a
clause' requiring FBI loyalty screen
ing of all administrative employer*.
Senator Vandenburg was named
to head Senate conferees.
4
Big 4 Emissaries Meet
in Vienna on Austria Pact
By the Associated Press
VIENNA, May 12.—Representa
tives of the United States, Britain.
Russia and France assembled here
today to take up work on the Aus
trian Treaty where the Big Four
foreign ministers left of! at their
recent Moscow conference.
The main issues to be resolved
were the definition of German assets
in Austria and Yugoslavian repara
tions demands.
Joseph Dodge, financial adviser
to the Office of Military Government
in Berlin, »s the American represen
tative at the talks. W. H. B. Mack,
British political adviser, is repre
senting his country in place of Sir
George Rendel, who is scheduled to
arrive later, while Brig. Gen. P. R. P.
Cherriere is representing France.
Russian officials said last night
they were not yet authorized to dis
close the name of their delegate.
Knutson Calls Parley
On Senate Tax Slash;
May Fight Proposal
Some House Members
Appear to Feel Plan
Violates 20% Pledge
Chairman Knutson of the
House Ways and Means Com
mittee called a meeting of his
group today to go over the pro
posed Senate income tax reduc
tion measure amid indications
that some House members feel
the Senate proposal violates the
Republican pledge to slash in
come taxes 20 per cent.
Mr. Knutson is reported to share
this view and to be readying oppo
sition when the bill goes to confer
ence.
Two important changes voted by
the Senate Finance Committee in
the tax bill last Friday have aroused
advocates of more liberal tax re
duction.
The Senate committee proposed to
eliminate the retroactive features
of the House measure in which all
tax cuts would have dated back to
January 1, and further proposed to
scrap the House cut of 20 per cent
on all net annual incomes between
$1,395 and $302,000, and to make
this reduction apply only on in
comes up to $79,000.
Taft Urges Budget Decision.
Meanwhile. Senator Taft. Re
publican, of Ohio called for a Sen
ate-House budget-trimming decision
ahead of the scheduled Senate ac
tion next week on the tax cut bill.
Senator Taft said he will ask
leaders from both sides of the
Capitol to get together on a com
promise of the economy pledge
which has been hanging fire since
March 3.
The Senate voted. 64 to 20, then
cut $4,500,000,000 off President
Truman’s proposed $37,500,000,000
outlay fdr the year beginning July i.
It tacked on a provision earmaking
$2,600,000,000 of any surplus for
debt reduction.
Major Bills Beginning to Move.
The House earlier had pledged a
$6,000,000,000 spending cut without
any specific debt payment promises.
Major appropriation bills, which
would have to carry out any actual
budget cutbacks, have just begun
to move from the House to the
< See~TAXES,“ Page A-6.)
GSI Officials Called
To Court on Cafeteria

No-License Charges
D. C, Bureau to Seek Trial
And $300-a-Day Penalty
For Each Establishment
By Joseph Young
The corporation counsel’s of
fice has summoned officials of
Government Services, Inc., into
Municipal Court tomorrow for a
preliminary hearing on charges
of operating 43 Federal cafe
terias here without a license. It
was disclosed today.
P T* Mrsttincrhom nfisistanl sn
perintendent of the District license
office, which refused to license GSI
eating places because of reported in
|saoitary conditions, said his bureau
will seek to bring the non-profit
corporation to trial on the charges.
“If the corporation counsel's office
decides to certify the cases for trial
• we will seek a maximum penalty of
$300 a day for each of the cafeterias
that are operating without a license
Mr. Nottingham declared. "That
should either force them to comply
with our regulations for health
improvement or go out of business.”
; Subcommittee Continues Probe.
Mr. Nottingham disclosed the Dis
• trict's stand as a Senate Civil Serv
! ice subcommittee continued its in
• vestigation of GSI affairs.
Gen. U. S. Grant III, newly elected
president of GSI, pleaded with the
committee to "intercede” with the
Commissioners to prevent the Dis
trict from closing up the cafeterias,
but was refused.
“It would work a great hardship
on Federal employes, mast of whom
eat their midday meal in the cafe
terias, and Government business will
suffer as well,” Gen. Grant declared.
The witness asserted that GSI
was "absolutely helpless" in trying to
comply with the Health Depart
ment's improvement demands. Gen.
! Grant said most of the improvemens
I were along structural lines and that
iwas up to the Public Buildings Ad
; ministration to make them.
Intercession Plea Rejected.
Gen. Grant's plea that the com
mittee intercede with District offi
cials, however, was turned down
flat by Senator Baldwin.
"This committee is a legislative
and not an administrative one," the
Senator declared. "My advice to
I you is to get busy and give all your
i of♦ AKifirtrt inetallirur t.hp nPPripH
changes and to work closely with
the Public Buildings Administration
;in the matter." ' 1
Senator Baldwin indicated that
I ~ iSee CAFETERIAS. Page A-6.V I
j ____
i Northwest Airlines Seeks
To Extend Routes Here
Northwest Airlines today filed a
brief with the Civil Aeronautics!
Board asking that the airline's routes;
be extended into Cleveland, Pitts
burg and Washington.
A CAB examiner already has rec
i ommended approval of route exten
sions and oral arguments will be
heard this week on the application.
In its brief, the airline declared:
“We deem entry into Washington
for a transcontinental service not
only proper but essential, and it may
jwell be that from a long haul view
Washington may become our great
iest eastern terminal.”
Winnie Ruth Judd, Trunk Killer,
Caught After Third Escape 1
BULLETIN
PHOENIX, Ariz. UP).—Mrs. j
Winnie Ruth Judd, trunk killer
of two women, was captured
today about 12 hours after she j
escaped from the State Hos
pital for the Insane. The |
sheriff’s office said she was
seized near the exclusive Ari
zona Biltmore Hotel, luxurious
winter resort on the edge 8f
the desert north of the city.
•y th* A*»oc«o?ed Pr«»s
PHOENIX, Ariz., May 12:—Mrs.
Winnie Ruth Judd, who killed
two women and shipped their
dismembered bodies from here
to Los Angeles in a trunk in 1931,
escaped early today from the
State Hospital for the Insane, Dr.
i
John A. Larson, superintendent,
announced.
It, was her third escape from the
institution since she was saved
from execution by being adjudged
insane.
Her escape from a second-floor
cellroom was discovered by an at
tendant at 12:30 a.m. She was last
seen at 9 o’clock last night.
Dr. Larson used the word ‘‘con
nivances’’ in explaining escape of
the 43-year-old murderess.
H* said she was believed to have
used a key which opened two doors,
one on the second floor—which al
lowed her to descend a stairway—
and another on the ground level.
*A gate on the north side of the
hospital grounds was found open.
Dr. Larson said.
QfBcers immediately were sent to
(See~JUDD, Page A-«.)
Acheson Quits,
Effective July 1;
Lovett Named
Truman Accepts With
'Great Regret/ Praises
His Public Service
By Garnett D. Horner
Undersecretary of State Dean
Acheson will quit Government
service July 1 after spending sev
eral weeks “breaking in’’ Robert
A. Lovett, New York banker, as
his successor.
President Truman today accepted
"with great regret” Mr. Acheson's
resignation to be effective June 30.
A White House announcement
disclosed at the same time that Mr.
Lovett, a former Assistant Secretary
of War for Air, will be appointed as
the new undersecretary.
The plan is for Mr. Lovett to enter
the State Department soon while
Mr. Acheson remains until July to
work with him as he learns the ropes
of the job' to which Secretary of
State Marshall has delegated more
authority than ever before in the
conduct of foreign policy.
Senate to Get Nomination Soon.
White House Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross said he was not
certain when the Lovett nomination
would be sent to the Senate, but
that it would be soon.
Mr. Acheson has made no secret
for months of his desire to resign
and return to his private law prac
tice here in which he can earn
much more than he is paid as Un
dersecretary of State.
In accepting his resignation to
day, Mr. Truman wrote Mr. Ache
son that he realized it had meant
"great financial sacrifice” for him
to remain in the State Department
as long as he has.
"For the past two years my ap
peals to your high sense of publie
duty have kept you on the job de
-~ 1 .-.-I
meant to you,” Mr. Truman added.
"In justice to you, therefore, the
time has come when I must yield to
your wishes.”
President Praises Acheson.
' The President described Mr. Ache
son as "the type of efficient public
servant whose withdrawal from pub
lic life at any time would be a
loss to the Nation."
Mr. Truman’s letter disclosed that
Mr. Acheson first submitted his res
ignation more than two years ago,
again in April, 1946, and again last
December, when it was agreed tenta
tively that he would leave office
Jan'tiary 10.
Mr. Acheson was prevailed on then
to remain for another six months to
give Gen. Marshall, who succeeded
James F. Byrnes as Secretary of
State early this year, time to become
familiar with departmental opera
tions.
In his letter today Mr. Truman
told Mr. Acheson that he appreci
ated “all the more your magnani
mous action in standing at your
post” in view of the "great financial
sacrifice” involved in “all these de
ferrals,"
Text of Truman Letter.
The text of the President's letter
follows:
"Dean Dean:
"It Is with great regret that I
realize that I cannot again ask you
to put aside your desire to return
to private life. For the past two
years my appeals to ybur high sense
of public duty have kept you on
the job despite the personal sacri
fice it has meant .to you.
"I can easily appreciate the rea
sons which impelled your desire to
return to private life as embodied
in your letter written as long ago
as April 17, 1946, and in another
letter the year before.
“In response to my urging in both
instances you held in abeyance your
plans to retire. Again, when you
renewed last December your wish to
relinquish your post, we agreed ten
tatively that you should leave office
on January 10, 1947. Realizing that
all these deferrals have meant great
financial sacrifice, I appreciate all
in standing at your post for another
six months.
Accepts in Justice to Acheoon.
“In justice to you, therefore, the
time has come when I must yield to
your wishes. With great regret I
accept your resignation as the
Undersecretary of State, effective at
the close of business on June 30,
1947.
"Yon have been the type of ef
ficient public servant whose with
drawal from public life at any time
would be a loss to the nation.
“You brought to your duties in
the department of State, legal train
ing and experience; familiarity with
finance, particularly In its bearing
upon international relations; clear
cut judgment and incisive powers
of reasoning. These, with your pro
digious idustry. have been assets
upon which we could always rely
and we shall miss them in time to
come. I shall like to think that I
can, as need arises, call upon you
for advice.
“With deep r«ret that the time
is now approaching when we must
lose your services, and with best
(See ACHESONTpage A^6.)
British Move Extremists
From Palestine to Kenya
iy th« A Pr#*«
JERUSALEM, May 12—In an ap
parent effort to forestall another
mass prison delivery in Palestine.
British authorities have transferred
50 suspected Jewish extremists to
Kenya colony in East Africa for
safekeeping.
The transfer, which was an
nounced officially yesterday, waa _
effected under close military super
vision. v
More than 200 Jewish and Arab
prisoners were liberated from Acre
Prison a week ago in a. raid by
members of the Jewish under
ground. Twenty - nine Jews and
158 Arabs were reported still ag
large. | . '
i

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