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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 13, 1947, Image 1

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Senate Passes Labor Bill, 68-24,
Sufficient to Override Veto, After
Swamping Mild Substitute Plan
Barkley Charges
Martin Tried to
IntimidateTruman
By J. A. O'Leary
The Senate today gave over
whelming approval to a labor
control bill, less drastic than the
House passed, but still making
far-reaching changes in existing
laws.
The vote on final passage Was
68 to 24, and came after a milder
Democratic substitute had been
swamped, 73-19.
Although the majority for final
parage was more than the two
thirds required to override a veto, it
does not necessarily follow that the
Senate would pass the bill over
President Truman’s objections.
In the first place, the final terms
of the measure that will go to the
White House remain to be fought
out, in conference with the House,
and the compromise finally reached
will ,-have to be voted on by the
Senate before Mr. Truman gets it.
21 Democrats Vote for Bill.
TWenty-one Democrats joined 47
Republicans in voting to pass the
Senate version, whose supporters
say it is designed merely to equal
ize the obligations of unions and
employers in collective bargain
ing.
Kjniy wucc rvcpuuiicttiio »uicu
21 Democrats against the bill.
The Senate named the following
as its conferees to negotiate with
the House: Senators Taft of Ohio,
#Labor Committee chairman; Ball of
Minnesota and Ives of New York,
all Republicans, and Murray of Mon
tana and Ellender of Louisiana,
Democrats.
Observers predicted Senator Ives
would be the key man in the Senate
group, as he was in deciding the
fate of some of the important pro
visions In the Labor Committee. His
selection as the third Republican on
the five-man group appeared to in
crease the chances for holding the
final bill along the milder lines of
the Senate version.
Wagner Opposed Both Measures.
Senator Wagner, Democrat, of New
York, father of the National Labor
Relations Act in the early days of
the Roosevelt regime, voted against
both the mild substitute and the
modified Senate version of the House
bill.
The two bills Which now must be
pieced together by the House and
Senate In a conference room repre
sent the most comprehensive at
tempt to rewrite existing labor laws
since! the Wagner Act passed in 1935.
They go well beyond the Case bill,
which Mr. Truman vetoed last year.
Unmistakable sighs that labor
control will be an issue in next year’s
election were apparent in the clos
ing hour of debate.
Minority Leader Barkley declared
the bill which Senator Taft steered
through the Senate contradicts tRe
1940 Republican platform and the
campaign promises of Thomas E.
Dewey to consolidate all labor func
tions Jn the Labor Department.
Barkley Accuses Martin.
The Kentuckian also accused
House Speaker Martin of practicing
*‘a form of intimidation on the
President of the United States” by
warning that if he vetoes this bill it
will mean no legislation on the sub
ject this year.
Senator Taft, who is expected to
be a contender for the Republican
presidential nomination, answered
the democratic leader with a denial
the Senate bill is in any sense “a
punitive measure.”
Senator Taft said Senator Barkley
had confused the House bill with
the milder Senate version. The
Senate Labor Committee, Senator
Taft said, "did not approach this
question in the spirit of writing a
punitive bill. The whole effort was
to restore equality between the
employer and the employe.”
Senator Taft said the only pur
pose of the Senate bill is to correct
what he called obvious injustices
which have developed from too
(See LABOR, Page A-5.)
Message on Portal Pay Bill
Promised by White House
' President Truman will send a
message to Congress on the portal
pay bill whether he vetoes or ap
proves the legislation. Press Secre
tarv Charles G. Ross said today.
The President has until midnight
tomorrow to act on the measure,
which would rule out claims for bil
lions of dollars in portal pay. It
was indicated he would not let his
course be known until tomorrow.
Mr. Truman told several dormer
Senate colleagues this morning that
he had been giving the portal pay
bill so much thought that he had
not had time to consider some other
matters which called for attention.
William Green, AFL president,
urged the President in a letter yes
terday to veto the measure, which
he called “pernicious.”
Manila Press Opposes
O'Neal as U. S. Envoy
ly th* Awociated Pr*u
MANILA, May 13.—Two leading
morning newspapers, the Manila
Times and the Bulletin, commented
editorially today on Washington
forecasts of the imminent appoint
ment of Emmet O’Neal as ambas
sador to the Philippines.
The Times bluntly declared that
Maj. Gen. George F. Moore, cur
rently commanding United States
Army forces in the Philippines and
Ryukyus, is better qualified for the
post.
The Bulletin editorially declared
"there Is a strong feeling both here
and in Washington that a man oi
national prominence should occupy
the Philippine ambassadorship.”
RomneySpoke ofDestroyingSelf
In I93J Letter, Testimony Shows
Note to Smithwick Told of Willingness
To Make Sacrifice; 'Kickbacks' Charged
Garsson Paid Off
$5261 May Note,
Court Is Told
Patterson Testifies on
Ex-Representative's
War Contract Calls
BULLETIN
Evidence that Murray Gars
son paid off four notes total
ing $5,261 held by a New York
bank against former Repre
sentative Andrew J. May was
introduced in District Court
by the Government early this
afternoon. Henry G. Barber,
vice president of the National
Bronx Bank of New York, tes
tified that Joseph F. Freeman
in June, 1942, cashed a $10,000
check made out to Murray
Garsson and used $5,261 of it
to take up May’s notes, which
had been issued in May, 1941.
By Robert K. Wolsh
Secretary of War Patterson
testified in District Court today
that former Representative An
drew J. May called him at least
three times from 1943 to 1945 in
behalf of companies affiliated
with the $78,000,000 Garsson mu
nitions combine.
The Secretary of War was the
first witness this morning in the
trial of May, Henry and Murray
Garsson, and Joseph F. Freeman,
Garsson Washington agent, on war
fraud conspiracy charges. Two of
Secretary Patterson’s top aides, Un
dersecretary Kenneth C. Royall, and
Assistant Secretary Howard C. Pet
erson also told the jury yesterday of
having received complaints or re
quests from May on several occa
stops in behalf of (the Garssons.
Secretary Patterson declared May
telephoned him March 1, 1943, about
a cutback ordered by. the War
Department oh a truck contract
held by the Batavia Metal Products,
Inc., an Illinois cfnpany in the
Garsson chain.
About two years later May phoned
him to urge that the Batavia com
pany be given the Army-Navy “E”
Award, Mr. Patterson recalled.
Called to May’s Office.
In September, 1945, Secretary
& »vwtouu Luuuuucu, may tele
phoned him and asked him to go
to May’s office at the House Office
Building because May ‘‘was very busy
with important matters and couldn’t
get away.” At that time Mr. Patter
son Was Undersecretary of War and
May was chairman of the House
Military Affairs Committee.
The witness said that when he ar
rived at May’s office he was intro
duced to two men, who, May ex
plained, were officers of the Erie
Basin Metal Products, Inc., another
Illinois affiliate of the Garsson or
ganization.
‘T cannot recall who the two men
were,” Secretary Patterson said.
‘‘The two men complained of a
freeze order which the War Depart
ment had put on funds of their
company. They complained that it
was interfering with their transition
from war to peace. They also said
they thought the freeze order was
unjust.”
Interceded for Capt. Garsson.
After. Secretary Patterson’s testi
mony, the Government succeeded
in introducing two, letters sent by
May to Gen. Eisenhower, Supreme
Allied Compander in Europe, inter
ceding for the court-martialed son
of Murray Garsson in April and May,
1945.
In these letters, May wrote that
he was confident that Gen. Eisen
hower, after investigating all the
circumstances, would make a “final
reporf completely exonerating Capt.
Garsson of any wrongs or lack of
proper military discipline.”
“I am confident that when all the
facts are disclosed,” May wrote to
Gen. Eisenhower, “you will feel like
(See GARRSON, Page A-5.)
The desperate efforts of Ken
neth Romney as early as 1931 to
recover funds lost In Florida real
estate were brought out today at
the District Court trial of the
former House sergeant at arms
in connection with a shortage of
$143,836 from the House “bank.”
A letter written in that year by
Romney to former Representative
John H. Smithwick of Florida was
read to the jury by Assistant United
States Attorney John W. Fihelly, in
which Romney said he would de
stroy himself if the sacrifice would
repair the damage done.
The Government on .the second
day of the trial also introduced pre
liminary testimony through Albert
B. Fangmeyer, suspended assistant
cashier in the sergeant at arms of
fice, to show that Romney set up a
salary “kickback” system under
which he obtained rebates on the
salaries of various bookkeepers, in
cluding relatives.
In his letter to Mr. Smithwick,
Romney said:
“If I knew some way to efface my
self without involving you or any
one else, I would be glad to make
the sacrifice. There is no way that
my destruction will save you or the
others. And I am assuring you now
that when the thing is over I shall
fare better than you.’*
Romney was replying to a letter
he had received from Mr. Smithwick
which he described as “perhaps the
cruelest and most disingenuous let
ter ever written.”
Bitterly, he upbraided the former
House member for allegedly saying
he was under no obligation to
Romney.
“To call you back to bitter realities,”
Romney wrote, “you have had the
use of approximately $1,000,000 in
the last seven years * • *. The checks
held and ‘kited’ through this office
would easily approximate $1,000,000
and made possible all of your opera
(See ROMNEY, Page A-5.)
Telephone Strikers
In Washington Offices
To Retain Seniority
Company Policy Affects
Those Still Out as Well
As Those Who Settled
VIRGINIA TO TAKE over phones
in nearby area tomorrow. Page B-l
Chesapeake & Potomac Tele
phone Co. workers who have set
tled their strike and those still
out on strike will not be penali
zed in seniority ratings with the
company as the result of the
strike, it was announced today
by J. B. Morrison, local general
manager of the company.
He said the decision was reached
yesterday and conveyed today to
the District Federation of Tele
phone workers, which settled their
portion of the strike last week end,
and the Washington Telephone
Traffic Union, still out on strike.
The decision will, affect chiefly
employes’ service benefits, such as
those for sickness, accident and
death, vacations, and other privi
leges. To a certain extent it also
will have a bearing on the auto
matic wage increases given opera
tors for periods of service. The
only restriction is that an employe
must return to work within 15 days
after the end of the strike of his
union. Mr. Morrison said.
Virginia Strike Set Tomorrow.
Mr. Morrison also announced that
the company has made plans to
handle emergencies in nearby Vir
ginia, where the operators are
scheduled to go on strike tomorrow.
There are some ,295 operators in
the area, he said, and only 39 have
signified their willingness to work
if Virginia takes over the telephone
system tomorrow. He said the State
plans to post signs on all telephone
buildings in Alexandria and Arling
ton to read: “This building is be
ing operated by the State of Vir
ginia.”
Mr. Morrison said the company
has already notified three striking
employes they have been discharged
for "extreme disorderliness” on the
picket line. He insisted, however,
that the three cases were all the
company intended to act on.
Although both sides have been
firm in their stand on the remain
ing issues, Conciliator Elmer T. Bell
announced that he planned to bring
union and C. & P. officials together
again at 3 p.m. today at the Carl
ton Hotel. Fred G. Macarow, the
company negotiator, admitted he
had "not much hope” for the meet
ing, but agreed that meetings were
! the only wa^ to a settlement.
Stalemate in Michigan.
Another deadlock existed in ne
gotiations here between the West
ern Electric Co., a major unit of
! the Bell System, and its union.
Ar Federal conciliator in Detroit
announced last night ‘hat a dead
lock exists in the strike of traffic
and clerical workers against the
i Michigan Bell Telephone Co., and
1 criticized the company s "approach
to the wage issue." According to
ithe conciliator, the company, which
employs 18,000 workers, is main
taining an attitude that Is "a sert
ous obstacle to conciliation efforts.”
In St. Louis, the Southwestern
Telephone Workers’ Union, repre
senting 42,000 workers, last night re
jected what the Southwestern Bell
Co. had termed a "final offer.”
In spite of an announcement from
C. & P. officials in West Virginia last
Saturday that they had reached
(See TELEPHONES, Page A-5.)
Truman Will Visit Alaska
If Congress Quits in Time
President Human definitely is go
ing to Alaska this summer “if Con
gress leaves in time,” Secretary of
Interior Krug told reporters after
a White House Call today.
Secretary Krug Was accompanied
by Gov. Ernest Gruening of Alaska.
Mr. Krug said that it would be
necessary for the President to make
the proposed trip no later than the
first three weeks in August, as the
weather gets bad after that.
Congress will adjourn by July 31
| if it follows the Congressional Re
organization Act.
fc l
Horan to Seek Delay
In D. C. Improvements
Because of High Cost
To Study Some Projects;
Calls Receiving Home
'Mandatory/ However
Because of inflated building
costs, Chairman Horan of the
House subcommittee in charge
of the District supply bill, said
today he would urge delay in
"many” proposed municipal cap
ital improvements.
As to the new Receiving Home lor
Children, for which Congress already
has made an appropriation, Mr.
Horan said he regarded that project
as “almost mandatory.”
Mr. Horan, Republican, of Wash
ington announced'he had scheduled
an executive meeting of his group
tomorrow for a preview of some
uupiuvcuicuv JAUJCUW.
He said he was inviting Commis
sioner John Russell Young and En
gineer Commissioner Gordon R.
Young to attend.
Had Hoped for Leveling Off.
Chairman Horan said he had
loped that building construction
costs by now would have begun to
level off. He commented that there
are many desirable projects here,
but that it must be remembered that
every building project started now
is “pouring kerosene on inflation.”
If the situation causes delay in
some needed projects, he said, "I
hope the' people of the District will
realize what is the situation.”
Construction items in the Dis
trict’s $95,000,000 budget will be
given careful study, he said, in the
formal hearings to be opened by his
group a week from Thursday.
On the Receiving Home Mr. Horan
said he was advised that the best
bid received by the District was
$18,000 over the available fund. He
said this might mean that some
phases of the finishing work in the
project might have to be delayed to
better days of construction costs.
forwarded to the Board of Public
Welfare for approval a report on
the Receiving Home. While details
were withheld, it is believed to rec
ommend that the children be kept
(See HORAN. Page A-5.)
Britain Has First Case
Of Supersonic Illness
By the Auoetatad Pms
LONDON, Ma^ 13.—The first re
ported case of supersonic illness, at
tributed to the effect on the human
body of sound waves too high for
human hearing, was being investi
gated today by Britain's Medical
Research Council.
District Backs Down on'Threat
To Close Federal Cafeterias
By Joseph Young
; The District government to
day backed down on its threat
! to padlock 43 cafeterias and
snack bars in Government build
ings here on health violation
charges.
By a unanimous vote, the Com
missioners decided to give Govern
ment Services, Inc., and the Public
Buildings Administration “a rea
sonable amount of time” to make
the structural changes needed to
bring the cafeterias, into line with
District health requirements!
The city heads ordered postponed
indefinitely a preliminary hearing
scheduled for today which was to
have determined whether the Dis
trict had the authority to bring
GSI to trial on charges of operat
ing the cafeterias without a license.
The decision not to proceed with
plans to force GSI to comply with
health regulations or padlock the
cafeterias came after the Commis
sioners were informed by PBA offi
cials that the agency would ask
Congress for money to make the
needed structural changes in the
various Government buildings where
the cafeterias are located.
I I
Both Maj. Gen. Philip B. Flem
ing, head of the Building Admin
istration, and Maj. Gen. U. S. Grant
III, president of GSI, stressed in
their letters to the Commissioners
that doting of the cafeterias would
result in “great hardships’* to Fed
eral employes. Gen. Fleming said:
“We have followed the inspec
tions made by the District Health
Department and have either made
or ordered made the minor correc
tions which could be absorbed
through presently available operat
ing and repair funds. The other
work required has been or is being
estimated and it is our intention to
request an appropriation to cover
the work which the Health Depart
ment has indicated is necessary.'
GSI officials have had several
conferences during the last few
days with the Commissioners since
the District License Office refused
to license the cafeterias because of
violations of the District health
code. Until today, the Commission
ers had refused to grant GSI any
additional time to straighten out
the situation, and GSI officials yes
terday appealed to the Senate Civil
Service Subcommittee investigating
its affairs to intervene. This re
’ (See GSI, Page A-5.)
4
The Pendulum Has Swung Too Far to Stop It Now
De Gasperi Resigns
As Italian Premier
Under Socialist Fire
Christian Democrats and
Opponents Trade Charges
Of Responsibility'
By the Associated Press
ROME, May 13.—Premier Al
cide de Gasperi handed his res
ignation today to Provisional
President Enrico de Nicola as
Socialists and Christian Demo
crats charged each other with
responsibility for the collapse oi
his coalition government.
A communique from the Christian
Democratic Premier’s press office
said Mr. de Gasperi was resigning
because of Socialist attacks on him
yesterday. The three-party coali
tion has been torn with dissension
over Italy’s debt problem.
Mr. de Gasperl’s Public Work!
Minister, Giuseppe Romita, said
after a 50-minute extraordinarj
cabinet meeting that the Premier’!
decision was taken because of i
Socialist charge he was deliberate!)
fomenting a political crisis.
Assembly to Be Told Tonight.
The Premier, who has presided
over a coalition of Christian Demo
crats, Communists and Socialists fo|
10 months, was expected to inform
the Constituent Assembly of his ac
tion in a speech tonight.
Mr. de Gasperi, who became pre
mier of Italy in October, 1945, twice
before has resigned and twice has
been asked to form a new govern
ment.
He resigned formally when Mr. de
Nicola was named provisional pres
ident last June. A month later he
announced a coalition cabinet in
which he held, beside the premier
ship, the Ministry of the Interior
and the interim foreign affairs port
folio. This cabinet also was a coali
tion of the Christian Democrats
Socialists and Communists.
Late in 1946, while Mr. de Gasperi
was in the UnitediStates seeking aid
for Italy, he was the target of heav)
Communist attacks at home, and in
January he resigned in the crisii
which had developed while he wa!
away. The Italian Socialist Part)
broke apart over the question of col
laboration with the Communists. Ht
formed the latest coalition cabinet
February 3. *
Aim to Disrupt Cabinet Denied.
Mr. Romita, a Socialist, told news
men today that during the last ses
sion of Mr. de Gasperi’s third gov
ernment, the Socialist ministers de
nied they had attempted to break
up the cabinet.
Mr. de Gasperi said there was "nc
other course for me to take thar
to resign after the Socialist com
munique of last night,” which
charged him with provoking the
crisis.
The premier was asked whetbei
he would favor a government which
as in France, would exclude the
Communists. Many observers be
lieve this to be the focal point e*
the present crisis.
"I am not a prophet,” he replied
“My attempts were not in that di
rection.”
Presumbably he referred to re
ports that he desired a ‘‘nationa
union” cabinet representing most o;
Italy’s factions, in an effort to stavi
off economic collapse.
Statement Agreed On.
‘‘The Council of Ministers yester
day agreed that I should make t
statement to the Assembly on thi
economic situation, during which ]
would have called for the collator
oration of everyone,” Mr. de Gas
peri declared. ‘‘The Socialist com,
munique was worded in such a man
ner that I could not have spoken a
the head of a government.”
Mr. de Gasperi said Mr. de Nicols
had “reserved decision on the res
ignation. This is the usual form ii
an Italian political crisis.
Truman Plans to Speak
At Monticello July 4
President Truman will go t
Monticello, Thomas Jefferson’s ham
at Charlottesville, Va., on July 4, t
address the Jefferson Memoria
Foundation, the White House-an
nounced today.
Press Secretary Charles G. Bos
said he did not know the subjec
of the President’s talk, but said i
will be of patriotic nature in keep
lng with the occasion. Mr. Trumai
probably will make the trip by auto
mobile. 4
*
Yugoslavs Take Camera,Papers
From U. S. Envoy in Belgrade
John M. Cabot, Charge d'Affaires, Stripped
Of Embassy Cards on Visit to Town of Pec
* By th« Associated Press
The State Department said
today that the American Charge
d’Affaires at Belgrade was
stripped of his camera and Em
bassy identification cards during
a visit to the Yugoslav town of
Pec May 2.
Camera and cards were returned
to John M. Cabot, the American of
ficial, after a formal protest to Mar
shal Tito’s government.
Mr. Cabot is acting chief of the
American diplomatic mission in Bel
grade in the absence of an Am
bassador. Richard C. Patterson, jr.,
resigend that post recently after his
return from Yugoslavia.
A spokesman said the State De
partment has now instructed the
Embassy to ask “appropriate dis
ciplinary action” against the local
officials responsible for the incident.
The spokesman related at a news
conference this account of the in
cident, latest in the continuing post
war friction in relations with Yugo
slavia::
Mr. Cabot, accompanied by his
wife; William Kling, the Embassy
agricultural attache, and Mrs. Kling,
and a Col. Stratton, assistant mili
tary attache, went to Pec on a sight
seeing trip.
The Belgrade Foreign Office was
told of the trip in advance and ar
rangements were made through the
Yugoslav tourist agency, Putnik.
At Pec, Yugoslav officials made a
routine check of the party on its
arrival. Then a captain of the local
militia and ah assistant ordered a
(See YUGOSLAVIA, Page A-5.)
U. S. and Mexico Sign
$50,000,000 Pad
To Stabilize Peso
Four-Year Agreement
On Exchange Reached
During Aleman Visit
By the Associated Press
The United States and Mexico
today announced the signing of
i a $50,000,000 financial agree
ment to stabilize the dollar-peso
rate of exchange between the
two countries.
The joint announcement, made
simultaneously here and in Mexico
City, said the United States will pur
rhfl-SP I'Sn OOO OOO worth of M’PYioan
pesos during the next four years be
ginning July I of this year.
- The announcement said the
agreement was reached during
President Aleman’s visit to the
United States earlier this month.
Extends 1941 Pact.
The agreement, signed by Secre
tary of the Treasury Snyder and
Mexican Ambassador Antonio Espi
nosa de Los Monteros, "extends and
enlarges’4' the stabilization agree
ment of 1941.
That pact had been extended
twice previously and was scheduled
to expire June SO.
The announcement said Mr. Sny
der and Mexican finance Minister
Ramon Beteta reviewed the “satis
factory foreign exchange relations”
between their two countries during
the Aleman visit.
Freedom of Exchange Cited.
The new agreement, the an
nouncement added, “will, in fact,
serve to supplement the efforts of
the international organization to
stabilize the rates of exchange be
tween all member countries.”
The joint announcement said that
Mr. - Snyder and Senor Beteta
“viewed with satisfaction” the com
plete freedom of exchange opera
tions between the United States
and Mexico.. These operations, the
announcement said, “have involved
the financing of aggregate foreign
trade exceeding $700,000,000 in 1940.”
i _: ... N
Gasoline and Liquor Curbs
Ordered in Colombia Strike
ty Ifc* Associated Prass
PANAMA CITY, Panama, May 13.
—The official radio station in Bo
gota, Colombia, said today that gas
; oline had been rationed and liquor
sales banned by the goverment as
measures to cope with a 23-hour
general strike called for today by
the Colombian Workers Confeder
ation. The walkout was to begin at
1 a.m.
The strike was ordered in protest
> against what the labor union, one
s of two major unions in Colombia,
» called the high cost of living, gov
1 eminent restrictions on the freedom
■ to strike and measures curbing free
dom of the press.
s Radio broadcasts from Colombia
t last night said the army had been
! mobilized to prevent disorders and
• that a decree bad been issued sum
t mining to active service the first
• class of reservists discharged last
month. *.
I
Acheson Asks Passage
Of Bill Authorizing
Foreign Broadcasts
Program Vital to Conduct
Of Foreign Policy, Official
Tells House Hearing
By Garnett D. Horner
Undersecretary of State Ache
ron today urged speedy enact
ment by Congress of a bill
formally authorizing the State
Department’s international in
formation and cultural affairs
program, which he termed* of
“vital importance” in the con
duct of foreign policy.
Mr. Acheson was the first witness
at hearings by a House Foreign Af
fairs Subcommittee on a bill by
Representative Mundt, Republican,,
of South Dakota to give specific
legal authority to the program and
authorize expenditures of $10,000,
000 a year.
■ vs ouvii tviuiui unuvvM/i* vj
Congress was cited by the House
Appropriations Committee last week
as one of its reasons for recom
mending that no money be appro
priated to finance the State Depart
ment’s Office of International
Information and Cultural Affairs
activities after June 30. The State
Department had requested $31,
381,220.
The department set up the office
during the war. It’s program in
cludes international broadcasts, in
cluding a Voice of America program
beamed to Russia.
Taber Lists Main Points.
The measure before the Foreign
Affairs Committee would simply au
thorize such activities. The matter
of an appropriation to finance them
still would have to go through the
Appropriations Committee.
While Mr. Acheson was testifying,
Chairman Taber of the Appropria
tions Committee discussed the issue
at a news conference.
These were his main points:
1. He indicated willingness to
approve a $5,000,000 or $6,000,000
program “if it’s . cleaned up and
they get rid of the incompetents.”
2. He would not agree to including
any money for the program in the
general State Department appro
priation bill which came up on the
House floor today. Separate legis
lation such as is before the Foreign
Affairs Committee will have to be
passed, be said, before he will agree
to any appropriation.
Mr. Acheson declared it has be
come more and more important in
the last few years that "the United
(See FOREIGN, Page a3T)
Bulletin
Youth Found Shot
A 20-year-old youth was
found shot to death In a sec
ond-floor room of a bouse at
4404 Thirtieth street, Mount
Rainier, this afternoon. A .22
rifle was found nearby. Wil
liam N. Cunningham, 51, who
tires at the address, said the
young man was Burton Eugene
Rothman. Prince Georges
County police did net identify
the body immediately, but sent
for the county medical ex
aminer.
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U. N. Committee
* • i-—V . / • %
Defeats Reds on
Free Palestine
Inquiry Group Given
Free Hand in Spite of
Arab Walkout Threat
By th* Associated Press
lake SUCCESS, N. Y., May 13.
—Despite a threatened Arab
walkout, the Political Committee
of the United Nations Assembly
today defeated a Soviet move to
have a U. N. Palestine inquiry
commission draft proposals for
immediate Independence of the
Holy Land.
The vote was 26 against the Rus
sian measure, 15 in favor, with 13
abstentions and 2 absences.
This meant that the Inquiry Com
mission would bd given a free hand
to consider all possible solutions of
the Palestine PWfclem without any
special reference to the independence
MMVVV4WM.
Arabs Consider Walkout.
The vote came alter Paris el
Khoury, Syrian delegate, said out
side the chamber that the Arab
delegations were considering the
possibility of walking out of the spe
cial Assembly in protest against a
majority stand on the Palestine
question.
Mr. El Khoury, a leading spokes
man for the five Arab states in the
U. N., told newsmen that if thf pres
ent trend in the dellroration jbt the
Political Committee continued, the
Arabs would adopt a policy of %or\
co-operation” with the work of, the
proposed inquiry commission. IHe
said the Arab delegates might men
leave the Assembly.
Final Decision Not Made. ■
Mr. El Khoury specified that Ms
eventually was in the processBt
formulation and that the five
countries had nolf yet made qw
final decision. V
The Arab delegations caused la®
concern when they were not ini®
chamber as the Political Commit®
resumed debate at 11:15 am. a
The Egyptian delegation, how
ever, entered four minutes later aflfl
was followed by Syria, Iraq, Saufl
Arabia and Lebanon, which was 2a
minutes late. . \
Mr. El Khoury said the Arabs
were insisting on two points:
1. At least a mention of the word
“Independence” in the instruction^*
to be given the inquiry commission.!
2. Reference to the United Na-1
tions Charter in those instructions, v
Arab Requests Refused.
He said the only link binding the l
Arab states here to the other states, j
such as Guatemala or Iceland, was
the United Nations Charter. Mr. El
Khoury said the Political Commit
tee so far had refused Arab requests
that the instructions mention the
U. N. Charter and that the Arabs
felt this essential.
The Syrian delegate appeared
pessimistic as to the outcome of the
light the Arabs have made to get
some reference to the independence
in the Political Committee’s instruc
tions.
Asked directly if the Arab states
would walk out on the special Pales
tine session if the Assembly finally
decides against them, he said that
was a distinct possibility.
Disposition of the Russian pro
posal brings the committee to
the last controversial issue of the
special session on Palestine—com
position of the inquiry commission.
Here again Russia and the western
powers were expected to clash head
on.
Wearied by days of debate and
discussion, many delegates believed
they stood a good chance of ending
the work of the special Assembly
session this week.
Jewish Shops in Jerusalem
Out of Bounds for British
JERUSALEM, May 13 (^.—Jew
ish shops and restaurants remained
out of bounds for British troops in
Jerusalem today following the
fatal shooting of two British con
stables in the heart of this cKy’s
shopping district yesterday.
Diane Vta/4 hnnn maHp tr» lift. th#b
out-of-bounds restrictions, imposed
as a safety measure, but were re
scinded by the military commander
of the area only a few hours after
the shooting.
The slain constables, said to have
been members of the criminal in
vestigation department, were mowed
down by a blazing fusillade of gun
fire shortly before dusk while the
streets were crowded with shoppers.
The source of the shots were un
certain, but police said they might
have been fired from a nearby bal
cony.
One of the officers—both of whom
wore civilian clothes—was killed
outright and the other died a short
time later.
No. 12 Sugar Stamp
To Be Valid June I
•y th« Auociatad Priu
The Agriculture Department an
nounced today that sugar ration
Stamp No. 12 for Individual con
sumers will become valid June 1
Instead of July 1 as originally
planned. It will allow purchase of
10 pounds.
The department said supplies
from this stamp must last until
October SI. when price and ration
ing controls will expire unless ex
tended by Congress.
Consumers ration stamp No. 12
is the second to be designated as
a 10-pound sugar stamp- The first
was No. 11, which became valid
April 1.
The June 1 date was set for No.
12 In order to expedite movement
of sugar Into home pantries while
railway transportation 1® available.
Officials say they expect * short
age of freight cars f<* sugar after
the bumper winter wheat crop
starts moving to market late next
month. Sugar has been piling up
in Eastern refineries.
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