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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 14, 1947, Image 1

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Amusements JB-14-li Obituary .A-tt
Cornice ' Β-β-23 Radio B-23
Editorial A-lt Society, Clubs B-3
Editor! Articlea.A-ll Sports A-16-17
Finance Λ Α-1» Where to Go B-5
Lost and Found..Α·3 Woman's Page_.B-ie
Jeather Forecast!
tdy with scattered showers; high near 78. ;
idy and cooler tonight; low in low 60s.
tarrow cloudy, cooler.
iperatures today—High, 76, at 10:30 am.;
62, at 6:40 am. Yesterday—High, 89,
:36 p.m.; low, 54, at 9:32 am.
/ (roll Report en rut A-8.)
> Late New York Morkefs. Page A-19.
«5th YEAR. No. 57,629 Phone NA. 5000.
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
City Bon» Deliver?. Dali» and Sunday
BCc » Month. When ft Sundays, Ï1.00
5 CENTS
WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 14, 1947—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. ★***
/Truman Signs Portal Pay Bill,
^Outlawing Billions in Claiirts;
65c Pay Minimum Asked Anew
Legislation Will Aid
Economic Stability,
President Declares
(Text of President'» message
on Page A-4.)
By Joseph A. Fox
President Truman today signed
the controversial portal pay
curb bill "in the interest of the
economic stability of our Na-j
tion."
Declaring his belief that the meas
ure, denounced by the APL and the
CIO as weakening the Wage-Hour
Act, was not designed te permit vio
lation or lowering of fundamental
wage and hour standard·, the Presi
dent said the legislation "would re
lieve employers and the Government
of potential liability for billions of
dollars in so-called portal-to-portal
claims" covering back pay.
In an unusual message to Con
gress explaining his reasons for
signing the act, Mr. Truman also >
renewed his request that the mini- j
mum wage in the Fair Labor j
Standards Act be raised from 40 to
65 cents hourly.
Bulk of Claims Outlawed.
The legislation, first of importance
to »each the President from the Re
publican-controlled Congress, will
outlaw the bulk of court claims once
mounting to more than $6,000,000,
000, which workers have sought to
collect for nonproductive time spent
under the control of their employers.
These claims, the president said,
"raise the possibility tnat employers;
might be required to pay back wages
for certain activities which in most
industries have not previously been
considered by either workers or em
ployers to be compensable. I believe
that, in the interest of the economic
stability of our Nation, it is essential
to clarify this matter by statute.
"The Partal-to-Portal Act should
end this uncertainty with respect to
claims of still undetermined magni
tude. Current wage negotiations can
proceed more readily to a satis
factory conclusion, and businessmen
will be able to plan with assurance
for full production and price reduc
tion. This will be of real value to
labor and management in the main
tenance of a continued high level of ;
employment."
"I am aware that this act intro- j
duces new and possibly ambiguous j
language, the effects of which can
be acurately measured only after
interpretation by the courts," thej
President said.
"I have therefore instructed the|
Secretary of Labor to keep me cur-1
rently informed as to the effects of
this act upon the preservation of
wage and hour standards. If those!
effects prove to be detrimental to
the maintenance of fair labor j
standards for our workers I shall·
request the Congress to take prompt
remedial action."
40 Cents Declared Inadequate.
Reverting to his previous requests
for raising the minimum wage stand
ard in the Wage-Hour Act, the Pres
ident said: ι
"It has become increasingly evi- I
dent that the minimum wage of ι
40 cents an hour established by ι
that act is far from adequate toll
meet the standards of living en-|<
visioned by the "law when it was t
enacted in 1938."
The portal pay bill was passed ]
by Congress as the outgrowth of s
wage suits aggregating more than !
$6.000.000.000 after the Supreme \
Court had upheld the right of work- I
ers employed by the Mount Cle
mpnts Pntterv Πο to roller* for so- ]
called "walking time"—that is the 1
time required in preparing them- j
selves for work. I
In its decision, however, the court
said inconsequential periods of time ]
so spent need not be compensated1
(See LABOR. Page A-6.1
3 Get $8,000 in Holdup
In Central Park Hotel
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. May 14— Masked
with handkerchiefs and dark glasses,
three robbers entered a 25th floor,
suite of the Essex House on Central
Park South last night and took
$8,000 in money and jewelry from ;
Mrs. Hanna Kaplan, her daughter
Gloria, and Mel Grossman of Lake
wood, N. J.
p——^———————I !
Daylight Saving
Cuts Child Sleep,
Doctor Declares
•y th· Associated Press
PHILADELPHIA, May 14.—Day
light, saving time is a menace to the
health of school children. Dr. John
P. Turner, a member of the Phila
delphia Board of Education, says.
Students are getting only six or
ieven hours' sleep and great numbers
are suffering from nervous reaction
because of daylight saving. Dr.
Turner declared in asking a survey
be made directly through the
schools.
•Instead of getting up at 7 o'clock,
our children are getting up at 6
after staying up late because you
just can't make a child go to bed
wnen me sun is suu up, ur. ι uraer.
told a board meeting.
The doctor said he has visited
hundreds of homes as a physician
and has treated children for both
physical and nervous reactions
caused by lack of sleep.
A survey would determine the
extent of the harm done by a lost ;
hour of sleep daily, he suggested.
Joseph J. Greenberg, another!
member of the board, asked D*.
Turner if he thought the situation
were serious enough to ask the re
turn of standard time and the
physician replied: i
"I certainly
Λ
FBI Man Says Romney Admitted
Using Funds to Aid Smithwick
U. S. Completes Case in House Bank Shortage
After Hearing of $25,000 Compaign Donation
The Government rested' its
case against Kenneth Romney at
noon today after a Federal Bu
reau of Investigation agent had
testified that the former House
sergeant at arms told him two
months ago that $25,000 of the
$143,863 missing from the House
"bank" financed the 1928 cam
paign of former Representative
Smithwick of Florida.
Romney is accused of falsifying
Government accounts to conceal the
fund shortage in his office. Pres
entation of his defense by Attor
ney William H. Collins, which now
begins, is not expected to take long.
In another development today.
District Court Justice Alexander
HoltzofT hinted that former Speak
er of the House William B. Bank
head might have been a defendant
in this trial—if he were alive to
day, if there were no statute of
limitations and if Romney is tell-'
ing the truth.
The Judge was · commenting on
Remney's claim, quoted by two wit
nessed that he discussed with Mr.
Bankhead the 1938 theft of $25.066
of House money by Prank J. Ma
honey, a former bookkeeper, and
was told to keep quiet about it.
Mr. Collins has represented this
claim as excusing his client's ac
tions.
"That wouldn't be a defense for
the defendant," Justice HoltzoS
said. "A subordinate cannot take
an order to violate the law. Of
course the person who gave the
orders violates the law, too, and
has to take the consequences. But
that person is not here."
The FBI special agent, Edward
J. Armbruster, told the jury he
talked with Romney in Mr. Collins'
office on March 4. Asked by As
sistant United States Attorney John
W. Fihelly whether Romney men
(See ROMNFY, Page A-6.)
ben. Hershey lestities
May Called Him About
Deferring Contractor
Gen. Ulio Tells of Letters
Asking Him to Send
Freeman's Son to OCS
BULLETIN
The Government rested its
case in the May-Garsson trial
this afternoon. Justice Henry
A> Schweinhaut said he was :
"rather strongly inclined to ;
believe" that the Government
has made a prima facie case,,,
against former Representa
tive Andrew J. May and Henry
and Murray Garsson. He said,
however, he still has "consid
erable doubt" that the Gov
ernment has made such a case
against Joseph F. Freeman,
the Garssons' Washington
agent. « „
By Robert K. Welsh
Focmer Representative Andrew
Γ. May asked Maj. Gen. Lewis B·
Hershey, then selective service
iirector, about a possible draft
deferment for a California war
contractor, and asked Maj. pen.
James Ulio, wartime adjutant
general of the Army, about get
ting a Garsson company offî
:ial's son into officers' candidate
school, a District Court Jury was
;old today.
The Government cajled the two
ifflcers, now retired, to .the stand as
t prepared to rest its case early this
iternoon in the trial of May, Henry
nd Murray Garsson and Joseph P.
freeman, Washington agent for the
>arssons. on charges of conspiracy
ο defraud the United States.
Gen. Ulio said he had no inde
>endent recollection of letters and
ι telephone call received in 1943;
ind early 1944 from May. He iden- j
ified these records, however, and
hey were read to the jury.
Tn a lettor rlatorl 1ft 1ΛΛΟ 1
day wrote to Gen. Ulio that he
ioped the general would put Sergt.
Ubert H. Freeman, Freeman's son,
hen stationed In the Pacific, in an
ifficers' candidate school in Cali
ornia.
Referred to Commanding Officer.
In a telephone call January 31,
.944, according to the record from
he adjutant general's office. May
isked Gen. Ulio about the pos
sibility of having young Freeman
returned to the United States. Gen.
Ulio replied by letter, February 15.
1944, that investigation "showed no
manifestation of physical deficiency
and therefore no reason why he
(Sergt. Freeman) should be returned
to the United States."
In the earlier letter requesting
ihat young Freeman be sent to of
ficers' candidate school. May wrote
that the soldier had been in the
krmy two years and had "carved
jut of the stone wall of the United
States Army the rank of sergeant."
"I am very much interested in
ι See GARS SON, Page A-6.» «
Ked Revolutionist
Identifies Marzani
Under Party Alias
American Who Claims
To Have Trained in Soviet
Testifies on Meeting
\ (Earlier Story on Page B-l.)
A Government witness who
said he was a former member of
the Communist Party schooled
in Russia to become a "profes
sional revolutionist" testified in
District Court this afternooh he
knew Carl Marzani, dismissed
State Department employe, as
''Tony Whales" in New York in
1940.
The witness was George Hewitt,
41, colored, of New York, wbo told
the court Ae was » member of the
Party for 18 years but left It in
1944.
"I was introduced to Tony Whales
* * * ω educational director of this
section of the Communist Party,"
the witness testified.
"In recent newspaper clippings Ij
recognized pictures of this man as
Tony Whales," Mr. Hewitt declared
under further questioning by Pros
ecutor John H. Kelly jr., pointing in
the direction of Marzani.
Marzani is stanmng trial on
charges of concealing Communist1
Party affiliation during 1940 and !
1941 from Government loyalty ex- j
aminers while employed in the Of- j
fice of Strategic Services and later
the State Department.
Mr. Hewitt said he joined the
party in 1927 and was sent to the
Soviet Union in 1930 for a 4-year
course at the International Lenin
School. He said there were 40 col
ored and 60 white "students" from !
the United States attending the
school.
"The purpose was to indoctrinate |
us in espionage, to make us become1
professional revolutionists and teach !
us theories that would lead to the!
overthrow of the United States Gov
ernment," the witness asserted.
Mr. Hewitt said the course was
reduced to two years, that he was]
sent back to the United States and
instructed "by the national office of
the Communist Party" to go to the
State of Louisiana as an organizer.
Instead of going to that State, how
ever, he was assigned to the New
York area as a teacher in a "work
ers' school." He said he was given
the name of "Timothy Holmes" and
also had "several other names."
.The witness said the school was
operated by the Communist Party,
Mr. Hewitt denied, under cross
examination, that he was expelled
from the party because of his treat
ment of Negroes. He said he had
never been expelled.
Truman Nominates Overby
For Monetary Fund Post
President Truman today nçm
inated Andrew N. Overby to be
United States executive director ofj
the International Monetary Fund
set up under the Bretton Woods
agreement.
Mr. Overby would succeed Harry
D. White, who recently resigned,
and serve two years.
Hoboken Fusion Sweep Ends
Hague Ally's 21-Year Rule
By th« Associated Ργμχ
HOBOKEN. N. J., May 14.—An
îstimated 2,000 celebrants carrying
jrooms ar.d placards reading "Let's!
31ean Up Hoboken" swept through;
:he city early today to mark the:
»nd of 21 years of political rule by
Mayor Bernard N. McFeely.
A political ally of Jersey City's j
Viayor Frank Hague. Mr. McFeely!
was ousted, together with his en
tire ticket, last night as fusionist
forces elected their full five-man
slate to the five City Commission
posts.
Only comment from Mayor Mc
Feely was a statement acknowledg
ing defeat. "The people have
spoken. It is the will of the people,"
ae said.
The throng of celebrants at times ;
Riled three full city blocks and
gathered around the City Hall sing
ng the National Anthem and "God
Bless America."
The new fusion City Commission
led by John J. Grogan, who U head
ί *
of the Hoboken Local or the CIO
Shipbuilders Union, will take office ;
Tuesday. Mayor McFeely polled!
4.171 votes less than Mr. Grogan's
13,475.
Mayor McFeely, together with 10;
other municipal and police officials!
—several of them relatives—was in
dicted by a grand jury last January
cm a charge of conspiring to oppress
a group of "rebel" policemen who
sued the city for back pay.
Mayor McFeely's trial is scheduled
to start* May 19, one day before the
new City Commission takes over
TJie Petrolmen's Benevolent As
sociation joined the fight against
Mayor McFeely after that indict
ment, entering the fusion slate with
George J. Fitxpatrick, president of
the organization as its candidate.
Hoboten Republicans, unable to
dent Mayor McFeely^ control for
the last 21 years, also joined the
ticket with Mr. Grogan's Demo
cratic-Labor group and placed GOP
City Chairman Stephen MongieUo j
on the new commission.
ft
No Wonder He Can't Get Up
Brewster Sponsors Bill to Ease
Aviation's Financial Plight
Would Create Board to Seek Remedy;
U. S. Called Poor Third in Air Power
By W. H. ihippen, jr.
Th· Star's Aviation Editor
.An "acute financial emer
gency" in the aircraft industry
has prompted Chairman Brew
ster of the Senate Commerce
Aviation Subcommittee to intro
duce a bill for creation of a
temporary national air policy
board to investigate the situa
tion and recommend remedial
measures.
Convinced the United States Is
fast losing its prime position as a
world air power and "is slipping
iown to a poor third, the measure
jffered by the Maine Republican
yesterday would set up a policy
ooard of four cabinet officers and
[our Congress members to study
:ivil' and military aviation and
tiake plans for Immediate admin
istrative action.
The temporary board would con
list of Secretaries of the War. Navy,
and Commerce Departments and
nepuoncan ana ueiaotmuu mem
bers from each House. The board
would be ordered to report· to the
President and Congress within three
months, and to make recommenda
tions later for the organization of a
permanent air policy group.
Senator Brewster, who has made
frequent inspection trips to aircraft
manufacturing plants, and is fa
miliar with military contracts as
chairman of the War Investigating
Committee, declared the air indus
try is confronted with "an acute
financial emergency requiring im
mediate action."
The Senator's office has been in
formed that nine of. the 12 largest
manufacturing companies now are
losing money and kt least two of the
remainder showed a profit last year
because of tax carrybacks which will
not be forthcoming this year.
The Senator believes the British
are at least two years ahead of the
United States in the development of
jet-propelled commercial transports
(See SHIPPEN, Page A-4.)
Estimated Population
For D. C. Drops to
843,000 From Peak
Alexandria, 3 Counties
Give Area 1,339,000,
Census Bureau Reports
(Table Showing Population Changes
on Page A-4.)
The estimated population of
Washington last July 1 was
M3,000, the Census Bureau re
ported today, as against 880.000
ι year earlier and 894.000—the
peak estimate—on July 1, 1944.
The estimated total population of
i.he District, Prince Georges and
Montgomery Counties in Maryland
md Alexandria and Arlington Coun
y In Virginia, was 1,255,000, it added.
An additional 84,000 persons were
estimated to have been living in
Fairfax County, Va., making the
overall total 1,339,000, the report
continued.
D. C. l ags in Gain.
The estimated area population,;
;xclusive of Fairfax County, declined
less than 2 per cent from a peak of
1,275,000 on July 1, 1944, the bureau
stated. This loss was attributed to!
removal of military personnel.
During the period from April 1,"
1940, to July 1, 1946, the population
of the metropolitan counties, which;
do not include Fairfax, increased
56.1 per cent, the report noted,
whereas that of the District in-1
creased only 27.1 per cent.
Tiiltr 1 1Qil when i
the population of the city of Wash
ington began to decline slightly, the
remainder of the area continued to
gTow, Although at a decreasing
rate," It pointed out. Between
July 1, 1844, and July 1, 1S>46. there;
was a decline of 15.000 in the civilian
population of the city of Washing- ;
ron. accompanied by an increase of
54.000 in the civilian population of
the remainder of the area."
Civilian Estimates Given.
In addition to its estimates of
total population, the bureau offered
estimates of civilian population
alone..
These indicated totals of 815,000
for the District and 1,209,000 for
the entire area, exclusive of .Fairfax:
County.
There were 98.000 civilians la
Arlington County, 102.000 in Mont
gomery, 139,000 in Prince Georges j
and 55.00 in the City of Alexandria'
last July 1, the bureau estimated.
Census Director J. C. Capt ex
plained the estimates of Washing
ion's civilian population were based
on the distribution of dwelling units
by the number of occupants from
the 1?40 census of population and
dousing and the 1946 veterans'
housing survey, supplemented by
statistics on births, deaths, military!
personnel, resident listings in the
:ity directory and domestic con
sumers of gas and electricity.
Civilian population of outlying
ireas was estimated by use of 1940;
census figures and statistics on :
turths, deaths, school enrollment
and war ration book registrations,!
he added. 1
Military Merger Plan
Set Back as Senator
Offers Substitute Bill
Robertson Seeks Hearing
Despite Impending Action
On Truman Proposal
The administration's effort to
merge the armed services at this
session of Congress received a
setback today when Senator
Robertson, Republican, of Wy
oming made public a new sub
stitute plan.
Although the Senate Armed Serv
ices Committee has completed hear
ings and expects to act next week
on the White House bill, setting
up an overall Secretary of National
Defense, Senator Robertson said he
will ask for hearings on the substi
tute.
At the same time, the Wyoming
Republican drafted 15 amendments
to be offered to the administration
bill in the event the substitute is
not taken up.
Propose» Defense Co-ordinator.
Both buls would establish a new
separate Air Force, but instead of
the so-called supersecretary who
would direct all services under
President Truman's plan, Senator
Robertson proposes a co-ordinator
of national defense.
This co-ordinator would become
chairman of a national defense
council which would bring congres
sional leaders and the heads of
various executive departments to
gether for overall planning. Sena
tor Robertson said this council
would "correlate our foreign mili
tary and economic policies and ad
vi.cA thp Prpsiripnt nri t.hpSA PccPntial
elements of national security."
Serving with the co-ordinator on
the defense council would be the
Secretary of State. Secretary of the
Army, Secretary of Navy, Secretary
of the Air Force, the chairmen of
the House and Senate Committees
Tsiee MERGER, Page A-4.)
Loveft Is Nominated
State Undersecretary
President Truman today nomi
nated Robert A. Lovett, New York
banker and former Assistant Secre
tary of War for Air, to be Under
secretary of State.
Mr. Lovett will succeed Dean Ach
eson, who has resigned, effective
June 30, to return to private law
practice.
The Acheson resignation and Mr.
Truman's decision to appoint Mr.
Lovett as hie successor were an
nounced Monday.
Arms Report Delayed
LAKE SUCCESS, N. Y„ May 14
!JPi.—The United Nation* Commis
sion en Conventional Armaments
reported to the Security Council last
night that no progress had been
made in its work because members
had been engaged with other busi
ness before the U. N. It had been
scheduled to make its first report
before last midnight.
Λ
I
Arab Mates Larry
Palestine Freedom
Fight to Assembly
Plenary Session of U. N.
Expected to Ο. K. Plans
Of Committee for Probe
BULLETIN
NEW YORK '(A*). —Soviet
Russia today delivered a vigor
ous attack -on Britain's ad
ministration of Palestine and
demanded immediate termi
nation of the League of Na
tions mandate. Ai one possible
solution of the Holy Land
problem, Russia recommended
creation of a duel Arab-Jewish
state.
By the Associât «ci Pr#»j
NEW YORK, May 14.—The
Arab countries today reopened
their fight before the United
Nations Assembly for immediate
independence of Palestine.
It was a foregone conclusion,;
however, that the Assembly would
approve plans for an 11-nation in
quiry commission adopted yesterday
by the 55-member nations meeting
at Lake Success as. the Political
Committee.
These plans gave the inquiry
group a free hand to consider the
independence question on the same
basis as all other possible solutions
of the Holy Land problem. #
The new Arab move was led by
Dr. Fadhil Jamaly, Foreign Min
ister or Iraq, wno announced ne
would vote against creation of the
inquiry commission and said Iraq
reserved the right to "take the at
titude they choose to take" toward
the investigating body.
Lie Preparing Staff.
Without waiting for final ap
proval, which Secretary General
Trygve Lie said may come some time
today, the secretariat was compos
ing a "neutral" stall which would
be ready to leave as soon as the in
quiry group is organized.
The secretariat already has pulled
together all basic documents the
commission will need for its study.
Mr. Lie said that because of the |
(See U. N., Page A-4.) j
British Cash Another Check
For 200 Million of Loan
'ly th· Associated Γπ«
Britain has cashed a check on the
United States Treasury for another
$200,000,000 of the $3,750,000,000 lent
her last July, Treasury records dis
closed today.
This brought withdrawals in 10
months to $1,750,000,000—nearly half
of the total sum which British and
American officials originally figured
would last Britain at least three
years.
Recently, however, the original
estimates were revised and it was
calculated that Britain would with
draw $1,900,000,000 in the first year
of the loan.
The loan was made as a Treasury
credit on which Britain could draw
at will. It is like a man's borrowing
$1,000 from a bank and having the
sum credited to his checking ac
count. The money stays with the
bank t>ut he can draw it out as
needed. *
800 Registered as Lobbyists,
Congressional Report Discloses
By Merran Andrews
North Am*ri«a(i Newspaper Allianc·
Nearly 800 lobbyists, ranging
from ministers to former Con
gress members and a one-time
presidential confidant, are try
ing to influence legislation in
this session of Congress.
This record number was revealed
today as Congress released its first
quarterly joint House and Senate
report on lobbying activities in the
Congressional Record.
The extent to which lobbying has
become a big business was disclosed
by House clerks, who estimated that
nearly $1,000,000 has been spent to
date by the lobby organizations reg
istered with Congress.
Leading the Ust of lobbyists were
such famoos names as Samuel Ros
*
enman, iormer speecn writer ana
confidant to President Roosevelt;
former Republican Senator John A.
Danaher of Connecticut, and for
mer Representative Robert Rams
speck of Georgia, once Democratic
party whip in the House.
Included, also, were two ministers
—the first time in the memory of
House clerks that members of the
clergy have appeared before Con
gress as paid lobbyists.
The ministers identified them
selves as the Rev. Wallace J. Mur
phy of Tulsa, Okie., representing
the Tulsa Rental Property Owners'
Association, and the Rev. James
Clarence «Olden, sr., Washington,
who said he represented the "Mili
tant Church Movement" and "The
American Negro."
' The greatest number, however, said
(Bee LOBBYISTS, 1»age A-4.)
4 ...
Foreign Relief Bill
For $350,000,000
Is Passed by Senate
GermansRoused
gainst America
By Food Crisis
Clay Threatens Jail
For Agitators Using
Situation Politically
By the Associated Press
The Germans' wintertime Tes
tation to their desperate food
:risis has turned to an "ugly
mood of bitter resentment"
igainst the United States, it was
revealed today at United, States
Army headquarters in Frankfurt,
ind Gen. Lucius D. Clay, Amer
ican military governor, declared
that agitators would be jailed if
they attempted to capitalize po
litically on the Situation.
Gen. Clay said he had heard re
sorts that the Communist Party
vas attempting to develop strikes in
;he American occupation zone.
The American military governor
said he had no definite confirmation
>f the reports, but he told a news
:onference that "if any political
igitator attempts to capitalize on
;he serious food situation, and if he
s caught, he will be put behind
jars."
Expects Some Strikes.
Gen. Clay said he expected some
strikes in the American zone, but
loped there woulti be no demonstra
tions on the-scale of the recent ones
In the British zone. He said he
noped it would not be necessary to
ise force in the event of demonstra
lions or to collect food reserves
noarded by German farmers.
"I hope It won't be necessary to
use troops," he said. "That is the
last thing I want to do. I don't even
like to talk of using farce."
Gen. Clay said measures would be
taken to alleviate the food situation
within a few weeks. He expressed
hope the crisis would be eased by a
speedup in the shipment of grain
from the United States, by a large
scale program cf providing dried
milk at an early date to supplement
grains and by collecting from the
hoards of reluctant farmers.
London Tackle· Crisis. <
The situation in the British 2one
was described in London as gloomy
and difficult as occupation author
ities tackled the rising German food
crisis.
American investigators found in
creased antagonism being expressed
openly against the United States
and the American military govern
ment. AMG officials said they sensed
that the American zone's German
political leaders had "little hope in
the future."
As British Foreign Secretary Bevin
met with his top advisers, an appeal
went out from the British zone to
former President Herbert Hoover,
telling him that the industrial Ruhr
valley was threatened with chaos
and starvation.
"Unless energetic help comes soon
there will be no German men ready
to assume political jobs," the British
licensed Telegraf quoted Dr. Rudolf
Amelunxen, minister - president of
North Rhein-Westphalia, as telling
Mr. Hoover in the message. "Then
chaos will threaten the Ruhr area
in the heart of Europe."
Begging for help, Dr. Amelunxen
told Mr. Hoover "it is a matter of
saving millions from starvation."
The British-sponsored German
Dress service rerorted from Duessel
(See POOD, Page A-4.)
McNutt Resigns Office
As Envoy to Philippines
By th· Anociottd Prtti
Paul V. McNutt has submitted
his resignation as Ambassador to
the Philippines, to take effect at
the convenience of President Tru
man. if
In resigning Mr. McNutt carried
out an intention made known last
fall, when he indicated he was
going to retire from Government
services to enter a private law
Arm in New York.
Mr. McNutt was scheduled to see
Secretary of State Marshall late
today and make his final report as
Ambassador.
Emmet O'Neal, former Kentucky
Congressman, has been mentioned as
a possible successor.
Wreck Ties Up Southern
CHARLOTTE. N. C., May 14 </P).—
Eight cars of a northbound South
ern Railway freight train were de
railed today four miles west of here,
blocking traffic on the double
tracked main line. Cars became un
coupled near the end of the 85-car
train, and the derailment followed
about 10 a.m. No one was injured.
Approved, 79 to 4,
After Effort to Cut It
To 200 Million Fails
By J. A. ΟΊ-eary
The Senate today passed the
administration's $350,000,000 for
eign relief bill after refusing to
follow the action of the House in
cutting it to $200,000,000.
The move to reduce it was beaten,
64 to 19, and the Senate version was
approved, 79 to 4. Final passage
came without a roll call vote.
The measure must now go to a
joint conference committee, how
ever, where some compromise figure
between the House and Senate to
tals probably will be reached.
The motion to follow the example
set by the House in cutting the
fund was made by Senator Kem,
Republican, of Missouri. It drew
the support, however, of only seven
Democrats and a dozen Republicans,
most of whom were newly, elected
last year.
Thirty-two Democrats and 32 Re
publicans joined in upholding bi
partisan foreign policy by support
ing the administration figure.
Senate Conferees Named.
On final passage the four voting
against the measure were Senators
Bushfield of South Dakota, and
Williams of Delaware, Republicans;
McClellan of Arkansas, and Ο "Dan
iel of Texas, Democrats.
The Senate immediately named
as its conferees to negotiate with
the House the following: Senators
Vandenberg of Michigan, Wiley of
Wisconsin, and Smith of New Jer
sey, Republicans; George of Georgia,
and Connally of Texas. Democrats.
senator uoage, rcepUDUcan, or
Massachusetts, speaking in the final
minutes of the debate, said the
United States "must not pour money
down a rat hole" and must aid only
those countries abroad that carry
out their commitments. He laid
down four points as basic to a suc
cessful United States foreign policy:
1. Develop a "modern - minded
American personnel to carry out our
foreign policy abroad." I
2. Carry out a "consistent, deci
sive and thorough - going project
which will secure military, political
and economic conditions in the
world which, without splurging our
public funds, will make foreign peo
ples self - supporting, obtain for
Americans the markets and raw
materials we require · and make
peace and prosperity possible."
3. Make American democracy "an
article of export."
4. Maintain an American nation
"which is strong in three way»—its
economic life, its armed forces, and
in its enthusiastic faith in itself."
RFC Stopgap Approved.
The Senate adopted unanimously
an amendment by Senator Vanden
berg authorizing the Reconstruc
tion Finance Corp. to advance |7S
000,000 of the $350,000,000 fund M
soon as the bill becomes law. Sena
tor Vandenberg explained this supi
will bridge the gap until funds can
be appropriated. The RFC wourf
be reimbursed.
While the $350,000,000 genera* (ill
is entirely a civilian relief m#tfeure,
I the Greek-Turkish aid progAm en
ters the more important fl«d of set
ting forth a new foreign policy.
Much of the $400,000,000 in that
bill will go to modernize and equip
the Greek and Turkish armies to en
able them to prevent Communist en
croachment on the Mediterranean
and the Dardanelles.
Senator Vandenberg, as chairman
of the Senate Foreign Relatione
Committee, made a plea for unliy
and harmony, among all the people
of Greece, on a "Voice of America"
broadcast to that country. The
Senator joined Secretary of State
Marshall in inaugurating official
short-wave broadcast direct to
Greece after a lapse of almost »
year.
The present crisis in Greece
(See FOREIGNTpâge A-4.)
Two Brothers Beaten
In Rioting at Prison
By th· Associated Press
PHILADELPHIA, May 14.—A riot
at Moyamensing County Prison in
which two brothers were beaten was
disclosed today by Dr. Frederick S.
Baldi, prison superintendent.
The brothers and about a half
dozen prisoners were involved in ι
ι fighting Monday which was sup
| pressed quickly by prison guards,
I Dr. Btfldi said. He said the fighting
involved white and Negro prisoners.
"It didn't develop into a true race
riot. It could have been worse," the
superintendent said.
Dr. Baldi said more than 300
prisoners awaiting trial are housed
at Moyamensing, 33 of them on
murder charges. ·
The brothers were identified as
John Hallowell, 31, and Louis. 33,
who have been in Moyamensing
about 18 months awaiting disposal
of Federal charges involving truck
cargo thefts. Their injuries com
pelled postponement of their sched
uled arraignment today.
The two have been trusties em
ployed as prison nurses, Dr. Baldi
said. In the course of their duties,
he related, they began escorting a
mental patient from his cell to the
yard for exercise.
The prisoner, a Negro, broke away
and the Hallowell brothers overtook
him inside the balding and had to
use force to restrain him. A file of
prisoners on their way to exercise
saw what was happening and about
a half dozen swung into the fight
that was broken up by guards, the
superintendent reported.
Those who piled into the fight
were all Negro pr^pners. Dr. Baldi
stated.
"The guards didn't have much
trouble getting order," be added.
"The whole^fcfiair can be ascribed
to the fact that we are overcrowded
and undermanned."
4 '
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